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Dette publique et risques de financement hérités de la pandémie

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Dette publique et risques de financement hérités de la pandémie »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2021, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2021

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513576183

Keywords: COVID-19 , Crisis management, Crisis recovery and resolution planning, Financial crisis, Health care spending, Government expenditures and health, Public expenditures and health, COVID-19, pandemic, recovery

La crise du coronavirus (COVID-19) a entraîné une forte augmentation de la dette publique et des besoins de financement, car nombre de pays du Moyen-Orient et d’Asie centrale ont pris des mesure...

Évolutions générales et perspectives

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Évolutions générales et perspectives »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2021, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2021

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513576183

Keywords: COVID-19 , Crisis management, Crisis recovery and resolution planning, Financial crisis, Health care spending, Government expenditures and health, Public expenditures and health, COVID-19, pandemic, recovery

Un an après le début de la pandémie de la maladie à coronavirus (COVID-19), la course de vitesse entre les vaccins et le virus est entrée dans une nouvelle phase...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2021, Middle East and Central Asia

New
Regional Economic Outlook, April 2021, Middle East and Central Asia »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2021

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513576183.086

ISBN: 9781513576183

Keywords: COVID-19 , Crisis management, Crisis recovery and resolution planning, Financial crisis, Health care spending, Government expenditures and health, Public expenditures and health, COVID-19, pandemic, recovery

A year into the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the race between vaccine and virus entered a new phase in the Middle East and Central Asia, and the path to recovery in 2021 is expected to be long and divergent. Th...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2021, Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2021

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513576183

Keywords: COVID-19 , Crisis management, Crisis recovery and resolution planning, Financial crisis, Health care spending, Government expenditures and health, Public expenditures and health, COVID-19, pandemic, recovery

A year into the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, the race between vaccine and virus entered a new phase in the Middle East and Central Asia, and the path to recovery in 2021 is expected to be long and divergent. Th...

IMF Executive Board Completes the Combined Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews of the Extended Fund Facility for Pakistan

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IMF Executive Board Completes the Combined Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews of the Extended Fund Facility for Pakistan »

Source: Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

Pakistan
			: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

New
Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513576732.002

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

Pakistan: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access—Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

New
Pakistan: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access—Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan »

Source: Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

Pakistan: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under The Extended Arrangement Under The Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access—Supplementary Information

New
Pakistan: Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under The Extended Arrangement Under The Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access—Supplementary Information »

Source: Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

Statement by Hossein M. Hosseini, Executive Director for Pakistan and Saeed Ahmed, Senior Advisor to Executive Director March 24, 2021

New
Statement by Hossein M. Hosseini, Executive Director for Pakistan and Saeed Ahmed, Senior Advisor to Executive Director March 24, 2021 »

Source: Pakistan : Second, Third, Fourth, and Fifth Reviews Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Volume/Issue: 2021/073

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576732

While the Covid-19 shock temporarily disrupted Pakistan's progress under the program supported by the IMF's Extended Fund Facility (EFF), the authorities' policies have been critical in supporting the economy and s...

The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021
			: Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence

New
The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021 : Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence »

Volume/Issue: 2021/024

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513576695.007

ISBN: 9781513576695

An unprecedented policy response and rapid progress in vaccine development have helped pull the global economy from a deep recession. But the outlook is marked by high uncertainty and great divergence. Carefully ca...

The Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021: Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence

New
The Managing Director’s Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021: Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence »

Source: The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda, Spring Meetings 2021 : Bolstering the Recovery, Countering the Divergence

Volume/Issue: 2021/024

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576695

An unprecedented policy response and rapid progress in vaccine development have helped pull the global economy from a deep recession. But the outlook is marked by high uncertainty and great divergence. Carefully ca...

Chapter 2 After-effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic: Prospects for Medium-term Economic Damage

New
Chapter 2 After-effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic: Prospects for Medium-term Economic Damage »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

The COVID-19 pandemic has led to a severe global recession with differential impacts within and across countries. A key question facing policymakers is the extent of persistent damage (scarring)...

Chapter 3 Commercial Real Estate: Financial Stability Risks During the COVID-19 Crisis and Beyond

New
Chapter 3 Commercial Real Estate: Financial Stability Risks During the COVID-19 Crisis and Beyond »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513569673

Keywords: Global Financial Stability Reports, Global Financial Stability Risks, Global financial markets, global financial stability, financial market, commercial real estate, leverage, macro-financial stability, financial recovery

Chapter 3 at a Glance The COVID-19 crisis has hit the commercial real estate sector hard and increased uncertainty about the outlook for some of it...

Chapter 1 Global Financial Stability Overview: An Asynchronous and Divergent Recovery May Put Financial Stability at Risk

New
Chapter 1 Global Financial Stability Overview: An Asynchronous and Divergent Recovery May Put Financial Stability at Risk »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513569673

Keywords: Global Financial Stability Reports, Global Financial Stability Risks, Global financial markets, global financial stability, financial market, commercial real estate, leverage, macro-financial stability, financial recovery

Chapter 1 at a Glance Extraordinary policy support measures have eased financial conditions and supported the economy, helpin...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies

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Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

Divergent Recoveries amid High Uncertainty Global prospects remain highly uncertain one year into the pandemic. New virus mutations and the accumulating human toll raise concerns, ev...

Chapter 2 Nonfinancial Sector: Loose Financial Conditions, Rising Leverage, and Risks to Macro-Financial Stability

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Chapter 2 Nonfinancial Sector: Loose Financial Conditions, Rising Leverage, and Risks to Macro-Financial Stability »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513569673

Keywords: Global Financial Stability Reports, Global Financial Stability Risks, Global financial markets, global financial stability, financial market, commercial real estate, leverage, macro-financial stability, financial recovery

Chapter 2 at a Glance Leverage in the nonfinancial private sector reached historical highs for many economies in the run-up to the COVID-19 crisis,...

Chapter 3 Recessions and Recoveries in Labor Markets: Patterns, Policies, and Responses to the Covid-19 Shock

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Chapter 3 Recessions and Recoveries in Labor Markets: Patterns, Policies, and Responses to the Covid-19 Shock »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

Despite remarkable adaptation and extraordinary policy support in many economies, economic turmoil and labor market dislocations from the COVID-19 pandemic shock continue, with highly unequal ef...

Chapter 4 Shifting Gears: Monetary Policy Spillovers During the Recovery from COVID-19

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Chapter 4 Shifting Gears: Monetary Policy Spillovers During the Recovery from COVID-19 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

The authors of this chapter are Philipp Engler, Roberto Piazza (team leader), and Galen Sher, with contributions from Chiara Fratto, Brendan Harnoys Vannier, Borislava Mircheva, David de Padua, and Hélène Po...

Executive Summary

New
Executive Summary »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

One year into the COVID-19 pandemic, the accumulating human toll continues to raise concerns, even as growing vaccine coverage lifts sentiment. High uncertainty surrounds the global economic outlook, primari...

Executive Summary

New
Executive Summary »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513569673

Keywords: Global Financial Stability Reports, Global Financial Stability Risks, Global financial markets, global financial stability, financial market, commercial real estate, leverage, macro-financial stability, financial recovery

April 2021 Global Financial Stability Report: Preempting a Legacy of Vulnerabilities Extraordinary policy measures have eased financial conditions and supported the e...

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2021

New
Global Financial Stability Report, April 2021 »

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513569673.082

ISBN: 9781513569673

Keywords: Global Financial Stability Reports, Global Financial Stability Risks, Global financial markets, global financial stability, financial market, commercial real estate, leverage, macro-financial stability, financial recovery

Extraordinary policy measures have eased financial conditions and supported the economy, helping to contain financial stability risks. Chapter 1 warns that there is a pressing need to act to avoid a legacy of vulne...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513569673

Keywords: Global Financial Stability Reports, Global Financial Stability Risks, Global financial markets, global financial stability, financial market, commercial real estate, leverage, macro-financial stability, financial recovery

Extraordinary policy measures have eased financial conditions and supported the economy, helping to contain financial stability risks. Chapter 1 warns that there is a pressing need to act to avoid a legacy of vulne...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook

New
IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on March 2...

IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2021

New
IMF Executive Board Discussion of the Outlook, April 2021 »

Source: Global Financial Stability Report, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513569673

Keywords: Global Financial Stability Reports, Global Financial Stability Risks, Global financial markets, global financial stability, financial market, commercial real estate, leverage, macro-financial stability, financial recovery

The following remarks were made by the Chair at the conclusion of the Executive Board’s discussion of the Fiscal Monitor, Global Financial Stability Report, and World Economic Outlook on March 2...

Statistical Appendix

New
Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

The Statistical Appendix presents historical data as well as projections. It comprises seven sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Country Notes, Classification of Countries, Key Data Docu...

World Economic Outlook, April 2021

New
World Economic Outlook, April 2021 »

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513575025.081

ISBN: 9781513575025

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook Selected Topics

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World Economic Outlook Selected Topics »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

World Economic Outlook Archives World Economic Outlook: Tensions from the Two-Speed...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/001

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513575025

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic

New
Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic »

Volume/Issue: 2021/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513576589.007

ISBN: 9781513576589

This paper proposes that the Executive Board approve the disbursement of a third tranche of CCRT debt service relief to 28 of the 29 CCRT-eligible members, covering the period April 14, 2021 through October 15, 202...

Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic

New
Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic »

Source: Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Third Tranche Of Debt Service Relief In The Context Of The COVID-19 Pandemic

Volume/Issue: 2021/023

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513576589

This paper proposes that the Executive Board approve the disbursement of a third tranche of CCRT debt service relief to 28 of the 29 CCRT-eligible members, covering the period April 14, 2021 through October 15, 202...

Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust-  2020-21 Borrowing Agreements with The Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank Of Italy, The German Federal Ministry Of Finance On Behalf Of The Federal Republic Of Germany, And The Swiss National Bank

New
Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust- 2020-21 Borrowing Agreements with The Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank Of Italy, The German Federal Ministry Of Finance On Behalf Of The Federal Republic Of Germany, And The Swiss National Bank »

Volume/Issue: 2021/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513575933.007

ISBN: 9781513575933

This paper presents to the Executive Board for information the second set of new borrowing agreements for the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust....

Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust—2020–21 Borrowing Agreements with the Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank of Italy, The German Federal Ministry of Finance on Behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany, and The Swiss National Bank

New
Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust—2020–21 Borrowing Agreements with the Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank of Italy, The German Federal Ministry of Finance on Behalf of the Federal Republic of Germany, and The Swiss National Bank »

Source: Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust- 2020-21 Borrowing Agreements with The Government of Australia, Danmarks Nationalbank, The Bank Of Italy, The German Federal Ministry Of Finance On Behalf Of The Federal Republic Of Germany, And The Swiss National Bank

Volume/Issue: 2021/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575933

This paper presents to the Executive Board for information the second set of new borrowing agreements for the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust....

IMF Executive Board Discusses Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Countries—2021

New
IMF Executive Board Discusses Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Countries—2021 »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects In Low-Income Countries-2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575858

This paper is the sixth in a series that examines macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income countries (LICs). LICs are defined in this report as the countries eligible to PRGT facilities (69 countries)...

Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects In Low-Income Countries-2021

New
Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects In Low-Income Countries-2021 »

Volume/Issue: 2021/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513575858.007

ISBN: 9781513575858

This paper is the sixth in a series that examines macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income countries (LICs). LICs are defined in this report as the countries eligible to PRGT facilities (69 countries)...

IMF Policy Paper: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Countries—2021

New
IMF Policy Paper: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects in Low-Income Countries—2021 »

Source: Macroeconomic Developments and Prospects In Low-Income Countries-2021

Volume/Issue: 2021/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513575858

This paper is the sixth in a series that examines macroeconomic developments and prospects in low-income countries (LICs). LICs are defined in this report as the countries eligible to PRGT facilities (69 countries)...

COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare?

New
COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare? »

Source: COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare?

Volume/Issue: 2021/008

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Mai Chi Dao , Andreas A. Jobst , Aiko Mineshima , Srobona Mitra , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513572772

Keywords: Corporate profits, Bank risk management, Bank capital, Stress testing, Europe, Bank capital;stress test;COVID-19;bank profitability; corporate risk

This paper evaluates the impact of the crisis on European banks' capital under a range of macroeconomic scenarios, using granular data on the size and riskiness of sectoral exposures. The analysis incorporates the...

COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare?

New
COVID-19: How Will European Banks Fare? »

Volume/Issue: 2021/008

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Mai Chi Dao , Andreas A. Jobst , Aiko Mineshima , Srobona Mitra , and Mahmood Pradhan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572772.087

ISBN: 9781513572772

Keywords: Corporate profits, Bank risk management, Bank capital, Stress testing, Europe, Bank capital;stress test;COVID-19;bank profitability; corporate risk

This paper evaluates the impact of the crisis on European banks' capital under a range of macroeconomic scenarios, using granular data on the size and riskiness of sectoral exposures. The analysis incorporates the...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Sweden

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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Sweden »

Source: Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/061

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574684

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as structural featur...

Sweden
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

New
Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2021/061

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574684.002

ISBN: 9781513574684

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as structural featur...

Sweden
			: Selected Issues

New
Sweden : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/062

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574745.002

ISBN: 9781513574745

Selected Issues...

Sweden: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; and Staff Report

New
Sweden: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; and Staff Report »

Source: Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/061

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574684

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as structural featur...

Sweden: Selected Issues

New
Sweden: Selected Issues »

Source: Sweden : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/062

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574745

Selected Issues...

Sweden: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New
Sweden: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Sweden : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/061

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574684

Sweden entered the pandemic with substantial buffers and suffered a relatively shallow recession in 2020. The decline in output was moderated by substantial income and liquidity support as well as structural featur...

Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific

New
Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific »

Source: Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific : Opportunities and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , James Daniel , Masahiro Nozaki , Cristian Alonso , Vybhavi Balasundharam , Matthieu Bellon , Chuling Chen , David Corvino , and Joey Kilpatrick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513561394

Keywords: Climate change, Fiscal policy, Environmental taxes, Climate policy, Asia and Pacific, Fiscal policy;Climate change;Environmental taxes;Green economy;Climate change mitigation;Climate change adaptation;Asia and the Pacific

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing policymakers worldwide, and the stakes are particularly high for Asia and the Pacific. This paper analyzes how fiscal policy can address challenges from clima...

Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific
			: Opportunities and Challenges

New
Fiscal Policies to Address Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific : Opportunities and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , James Daniel , Masahiro Nozaki , Cristian Alonso , Vybhavi Balasundharam , Matthieu Bellon , Chuling Chen , David Corvino , and Joey Kilpatrick

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561394.087

ISBN: 9781513561394

Keywords: Climate change, Fiscal policy, Environmental taxes, Climate policy, Asia and Pacific, Fiscal policy;Climate change;Environmental taxes;Green economy;Climate change mitigation;Climate change adaptation;Asia and the Pacific

Climate change is one of the greatest challenges facing policymakers worldwide, and the stakes are particularly high for Asia and the Pacific. This paper analyzes how fiscal policy can address challenges from clima...

Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision
			: National Progress and Gaps

New
Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision : National Progress and Gaps »

Volume: 2021

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Ljubica Dordevic , Caio Ferreira , Moses Kitonga , and Katharine Seal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566658.087

ISBN: 9781513566658

Keywords: Bank supervision, Bank regulation, Basel Core Principles, Global financial crisis of 2008-2009, Macroprudential policy, Bank Supervision;Bank Regulation;Basel Accords;Basel Core Principles;Global Financial Crisis;Prudential Requirements

The paper employs two complementary strategies. First, it is pursues textual analysis (text mining) of the assessment reports to identify successes and challenges the authorities are facing. Second, it analyzes the...

Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision: National Progress and Gaps

New
Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision: National Progress and Gaps »

Source: Strengthening Bank Regulation and Supervision : National Progress and Gaps

Volume: 2021

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Ljubica Dordevic , Caio Ferreira , Moses Kitonga , and Katharine Seal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566658

Keywords: Bank supervision, Bank regulation, Basel Core Principles, Global financial crisis of 2008-2009, Macroprudential policy, Bank Supervision;Bank Regulation;Basel Accords;Basel Core Principles;Global Financial Crisis;Prudential Requirements

The paper employs two complementary strategies. First, it is pursues textual analysis (text mining) of the assessment reports to identify successes and challenges the authorities are facing. Second, it analyzes the...

Bosnia and Herzegovina
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Volume/Issue: 2021/043

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2021

Language: Bosnian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572345.002

ISBN: 9781513572345

Pre-pandemic, Bosnia and Herzegovina's (BiH) economy was growing, but at a pace below the more successful countries in Eastern Europe. The pandemic generated a substantial output contraction in 2020. Early in the p...

Bosnia and Herzegovina: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bosnia and Herzegovina »

Source: Bosnia and Herzegovina : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bosnia and Herzegovina

Volume/Issue: 2021/043

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2021

Language: Bosnian

ISBN: 9781513572345

Pre-pandemic, Bosnia and Herzegovina's (BiH) economy was growing, but at a pace below the more successful countries in Eastern Europe. The pandemic generated a substantial output contraction in 2020. Early in the p...

The Chairman’s Concluding Remarks Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Additional Considerations and Data Update Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas Meeting 18/2 July 30, 2018

The Chairman’s Concluding Remarks Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Additional Considerations and Data Update Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas Meeting 18/2 July 30, 2018 »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas- Additional Considerations and Data Update

Volume/Issue: 2021/010

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571317

This paper provides background for a further round of discussions on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (hereafter 15th Review). The paper builds on work presented in previous staff papers and Directors' views...

The Chairman’s Concluding Remarks Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Further Considerations Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas Meeting 18/1 February 2, 2018

The Chairman’s Concluding Remarks Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Further Considerations Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas Meeting 18/1 February 2, 2018 »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Further Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2021/009

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571287

The paper revisits the two-pillar framework for assessing the adequacy of Fund resources. Responding to Directors suggestions, the quantitative pillar is updated to include alternative assumptions and to provide a...

The Chairman’s Concluding Remarks Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Quota Formula and Realigning Shares Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas Meeting 17/1 September 1, 2017

The Chairman’s Concluding Remarks Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Quota Formula and Realigning Shares Committee of the Whole on Review of Quotas Meeting 17/1 September 1, 2017 »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Quota Formula and Realigning Shares

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571201

This paper provides background for an initial discussion under the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (15th Review) in line with the work plan agreed by the Executive Board. It discusses issues related to further r...

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Quota Formula and Realigning Shares

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Quota Formula and Realigning Shares »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Quota Formula and Realigning Shares

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571201

This paper provides background for an initial discussion under the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (15th Review) in line with the work plan agreed by the Executive Board. It discusses issues related to further r...

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Quota Formula and Realigning Shares—Annexes

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Quota Formula and Realigning Shares—Annexes »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Quota Formula and Realigning Shares

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571201

This paper provides background for an initial discussion under the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (15th Review) in line with the work plan agreed by the Executive Board. It discusses issues related to further r...

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Quota Formula and Realigning Shares—Statistical Appendix

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Quota Formula and Realigning Shares—Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Quota Formula and Realigning Shares

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571201

This paper provides background for an initial discussion under the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (15th Review) in line with the work plan agreed by the Executive Board. It discusses issues related to further r...

IMF Policy Paper: Confidential – Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Further Considerations—Annexes

IMF Policy Paper: Confidential – Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Further Considerations—Annexes »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Further Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2021/009

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571287

The paper revisits the two-pillar framework for assessing the adequacy of Fund resources. Responding to Directors suggestions, the quantitative pillar is updated to include alternative assumptions and to provide a...

IMF Policy Paper: Confidential – Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Further Considerations—Statistical Appendix

IMF Policy Paper: Confidential – Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Further Considerations—Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Further Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2021/009

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571287

The paper revisits the two-pillar framework for assessing the adequacy of Fund resources. Responding to Directors suggestions, the quantitative pillar is updated to include alternative assumptions and to provide a...

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas- Additional Considerations and Data Update

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas- Additional Considerations and Data Update »

Volume/Issue: 2021/010

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571317.007

ISBN: 9781513571317

This paper provides background for a further round of discussions on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (hereafter 15th Review). The paper builds on work presented in previous staff papers and Directors' views...

IMF Policy Paper: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas— Additional Considerations and Data Update

IMF Policy Paper: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas— Additional Considerations and Data Update »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas- Additional Considerations and Data Update

Volume/Issue: 2021/010

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571317

This paper provides background for a further round of discussions on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (hereafter 15th Review). The paper builds on work presented in previous staff papers and Directors' views...

IMF Policy Paper: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Additional Considerations and Data Update—Annexes

IMF Policy Paper: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Additional Considerations and Data Update—Annexes »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas- Additional Considerations and Data Update

Volume/Issue: 2021/010

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571317

This paper provides background for a further round of discussions on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (hereafter 15th Review). The paper builds on work presented in previous staff papers and Directors' views...

IMF Policy Paper: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Additional Considerations and Data Update—Statistical Appendix

IMF Policy Paper: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas—Additional Considerations and Data Update—Statistical Appendix »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas- Additional Considerations and Data Update

Volume/Issue: 2021/010

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571317

This paper provides background for a further round of discussions on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (hereafter 15th Review). The paper builds on work presented in previous staff papers and Directors' views...

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Further Considerations

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Further Considerations »

Volume/Issue: 2021/009

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571287.007

ISBN: 9781513571287

The paper revisits the two-pillar framework for assessing the adequacy of Fund resources. Responding to Directors suggestions, the quantitative pillar is updated to include alternative assumptions and to provide a...

IMF Policy Paper: Fifteenth General Review Of Quotas—Further Considerations

IMF Policy Paper: Fifteenth General Review Of Quotas—Further Considerations »

Source: Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Further Considerations

Volume/Issue: 2021/009

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571287

The paper revisits the two-pillar framework for assessing the adequacy of Fund resources. Responding to Directors suggestions, the quantitative pillar is updated to include alternative assumptions and to provide a...

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Quota Formula and Realigning Shares

Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Quota Formula and Realigning Shares »

Volume/Issue: 2021/007

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571201.007

ISBN: 9781513571201

This paper provides background for an initial discussion under the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas (15th Review) in line with the work plan agreed by the Executive Board. It discusses issues related to further r...

Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (April 2019)

Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (April 2019) »

Volume/Issue: 2021/014

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560113.007

ISBN: 9781513560113

Following the guidance on the Board of Governors Resolution No. 72-1 (December 2016), on April 3, 2019, the Executive Board discussed and adopted its third semi-annual report on progress on the Fifteenth Review. Th...

Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (October 2017)

Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (October 2017) »

Volume/Issue: 2021/011

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513559940.007

ISBN: 9781513559940

Following the guidance on the Board of Governors Resolution No. 72-1 (December 2016), on October 4, 2017, the Executive Board discussed and adopted its first semi-annual report on progress on the Fifteenth Review....

Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (April 2019)

Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (April 2019) »

Source: Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (April 2019)

Volume/Issue: 2021/014

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513560113

Following the guidance on the Board of Governors Resolution No. 72-1 (December 2016), on April 3, 2019, the Executive Board discussed and adopted its third semi-annual report on progress on the Fifteenth Review. Th...

Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (October 2017)

Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (October 2017) »

Source: Progress on the Fifteenth General Review of Quotas-Report of the Executive Board to the Board of Governors (October 2017)

Volume/Issue: 2021/011

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513559940

Following the guidance on the Board of Governors Resolution No. 72-1 (December 2016), on October 4, 2017, the Executive Board discussed and adopted its first semi-annual report on progress on the Fifteenth Review....

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Tunisia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2021 Article IV Consultation with Tunisia »

Source: Tunisia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia

Volume/Issue: 2021/044

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570600

The pandemic aggravated Tunisia's long-standing vulnerabilities stemming from persistent fiscal and external imbalances, rising debt, and contingent liabilities from inefficient state-owned enterprises. The crisis...

Tunisia
			: 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia

Tunisia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia »

Volume/Issue: 2021/044

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570600.002

ISBN: 9781513570600

The pandemic aggravated Tunisia's long-standing vulnerabilities stemming from persistent fiscal and external imbalances, rising debt, and contingent liabilities from inefficient state-owned enterprises. The crisis...

Inequality and Locational Determinants of the Distribution of Living Standards in India

Inequality and Locational Determinants of the Distribution of Living Standards in India »

Volume/Issue: 2021/050

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sriram Balasubramanian , Rishabh Kumar , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570662.001

ISBN: 9781513570662

Keywords: Inequality, Dual-Sector Model, Consumption, Migration, Rural-Urban Gap

Using 2011-12 consumption micro-data, we find that nearly one-third of the variation in living standards in India can be explained by location alone. Consumption levels and locational inequality are positively rela...

Inequality and Locational Determinants of the Distribution of Living Standards in India

Inequality and Locational Determinants of the Distribution of Living Standards in India »

Source: Inequality and Locational Determinants of the Distribution of Living Standards in India

Volume/Issue: 2021/050

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sriram Balasubramanian , Rishabh Kumar , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570662

Keywords: Inequality, Dual-Sector Model, Consumption, Migration, Rural-Urban Gap

Using 2011-12 consumption micro-data, we find that nearly one-third of the variation in living standards in India can be explained by location alone. Consumption levels and locational inequality are positively rela...

Statement by Hossein Hosseini, Executive Director, and Samir Belhaj, Advisor to the Executive Director for Tunisia February 17, 2021

Statement by Hossein Hosseini, Executive Director, and Samir Belhaj, Advisor to the Executive Director for Tunisia February 17, 2021 »

Source: Tunisia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia

Volume/Issue: 2021/044

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570600

The pandemic aggravated Tunisia's long-standing vulnerabilities stemming from persistent fiscal and external imbalances, rising debt, and contingent liabilities from inefficient state-owned enterprises. The crisis...

Tunisia: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia

Tunisia: 2021 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia »

Source: Tunisia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia

Volume/Issue: 2021/044

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570600

The pandemic aggravated Tunisia's long-standing vulnerabilities stemming from persistent fiscal and external imbalances, rising debt, and contingent liabilities from inefficient state-owned enterprises. The crisis...

Tunisia: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Tunisia: Staff Report for the 2021 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Tunisia : 2021 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia

Volume/Issue: 2021/044

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570600

The pandemic aggravated Tunisia's long-standing vulnerabilities stemming from persistent fiscal and external imbalances, rising debt, and contingent liabilities from inefficient state-owned enterprises. The crisis...

Russian Federation
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Russian Federation : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2021/036

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 February 2021

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570525.002

ISBN: 9781513570525

Russia entered the crisis with low potential growth but strong macroeconomic policy frameworks and significant buffers. Policy space allowed the authorities to mount a sizeable public health and countercyclical res...

Russian Federation: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Russian Federation: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Source: Russian Federation : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/036

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 February 2021

Language: Russian

ISBN: 9781513570525

Russia entered the crisis with low potential growth but strong macroeconomic policy frameworks and significant buffers. Policy space allowed the authorities to mount a sizeable public health and countercyclical res...

Credit Cycles, Fiscal Policy, and Global Imbalances1

Credit Cycles, Fiscal Policy, and Global Imbalances1 »

Source: Credit Cycles, Fiscal Policy, and Global Imbalances

Volume/Issue: 2021/043

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Callum Jones , and Pau Rabanal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570013

Keywords: Current account balances, credit cycles, fiscal policy, macroprudential policies.

We study the role that changes in credit and fiscal positions play in explaining current account fluctuations. Empirically, the current account declines when credit increases, and when the fiscal balance declines....

Tourism in the Post-Pandemic World
			: Economic Challenges and Opportunities for Asia-Pacific and the Western Hemisphere

Tourism in the Post-Pandemic World : Economic Challenges and Opportunities for Asia-Pacific and the Western Hemisphere »

Volume/Issue: 2021/002

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Manuela Goretti , Lamin Leigh , Aleksandra Babii , Serhan Cevik , Stella Kaendera , Dirk Muir , Sanaa Nadeem , and Gonzalo Salinas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561905.087

ISBN: 9781513561905

Keywords: Tourism, International tourism, Economic growth, Job creation, Tourism;Jobs;Diversification;COVID-19;Growth;Spillovers

This departmental paper analyzes the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on tourism in the Asia Pacific region, Latin America, and Caribbean countries. Many tourism dependent economies in these regions, including small...

Credit Cycles, Fiscal Policy, and Global Imbalances

Credit Cycles, Fiscal Policy, and Global Imbalances »

Volume/Issue: 2021/043

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Callum Jones , and Pau Rabanal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570013.001

ISBN: 9781513570013

Keywords: Current account balances, credit cycles, fiscal policy, macroprudential policies.

We study the role that changes in credit and fiscal positions play in explaining current account fluctuations. Empirically, the current account declines when credit increases, and when the fiscal balance declines....

Tourism in the Post-Pandemic World

Tourism in the Post-Pandemic World »

Source: Tourism in the Post-Pandemic World : Economic Challenges and Opportunities for Asia-Pacific and the Western Hemisphere

Volume/Issue: 2021/002

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Manuela Goretti , Lamin Leigh , Aleksandra Babii , Serhan Cevik , Stella Kaendera , Dirk Muir , Sanaa Nadeem , and Gonzalo Salinas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513561905

Keywords: Tourism, International tourism, Economic growth, Job creation, Tourism;Jobs;Diversification;COVID-19;Growth;Spillovers

This departmental paper analyzes the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on tourism in the Asia Pacific region, Latin America, and Caribbean countries. Many tourism dependent economies in these regions, including small...

Guinea-Bissau
			: Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau : Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Guinea-Bissau »

Volume/Issue: 2021/029

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2021

Language: Portuguese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513569062.002

ISBN: 9781513569062

Guinea Bissau is a fragile state with a long history of political instability. Poverty is high with about 67 percent of the population living below the poverty line of US$1.90 per day. The economy relies heavily on...

Guinea-Bissau: Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Guinea-Bissau

Guinea-Bissau: Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Guinea-Bissau »

Source: Guinea-Bissau : Request for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Guinea-Bissau

Volume/Issue: 2021/029

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2021

Language: Portuguese

ISBN: 9781513569062

Guinea Bissau is a fragile state with a long history of political instability. Poverty is high with about 67 percent of the population living below the poverty line of US$1.90 per day. The economy relies heavily on...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/036

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568751

Russia entered the crisis with low potential growth but strong macroeconomic policy frameworks and significant buffers. Policy space allowed the authorities to mount a sizeable public health and countercyclical res...

Russian Federation
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Russian Federation : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2021/036

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568751.002

ISBN: 9781513568751

Russia entered the crisis with low potential growth but strong macroeconomic policy frameworks and significant buffers. Policy space allowed the authorities to mount a sizeable public health and countercyclical res...

Russian Federation: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report

Russian Federation: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report »

Source: Russian Federation : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/036

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568751

Russia entered the crisis with low potential growth but strong macroeconomic policy frameworks and significant buffers. Policy space allowed the authorities to mount a sizeable public health and countercyclical res...

Russian Federation: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Russian Federation: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Russian Federation : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/036

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568751

Russia entered the crisis with low potential growth but strong macroeconomic policy frameworks and significant buffers. Policy space allowed the authorities to mount a sizeable public health and countercyclical res...

Russian Federation: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation–Supplementary Information

Russian Federation: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation–Supplementary Information »

Source: Russian Federation : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/036

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568751

Russia entered the crisis with low potential growth but strong macroeconomic policy frameworks and significant buffers. Policy space allowed the authorities to mount a sizeable public health and countercyclical res...

IMF Executive Board 2020 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Poland

IMF Executive Board 2020 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Poland »

Source: Republic of Poland : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland

Volume/Issue: 2021/035

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568577

After a long period of uninterrupted growth, Poland is experiencing a pandemic-induced recession, though strong policy actions have limited the damage. The economy rebounded strongly in the third quarter of 2020, b...

Republic of Poland
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland

Republic of Poland : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland »

Volume/Issue: 2021/035

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568577.002

ISBN: 9781513568577

After a long period of uninterrupted growth, Poland is experiencing a pandemic-induced recession, though strong policy actions have limited the damage. The economy rebounded strongly in the third quarter of 2020, b...

Republic of Poland: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland

Republic of Poland: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland »

Source: Republic of Poland : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland

Volume/Issue: 2021/035

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568577

After a long period of uninterrupted growth, Poland is experiencing a pandemic-induced recession, though strong policy actions have limited the damage. The economy rebounded strongly in the third quarter of 2020, b...

Republic of Poland: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Poland: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Poland : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland

Volume/Issue: 2021/035

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568577

After a long period of uninterrupted growth, Poland is experiencing a pandemic-induced recession, though strong policy actions have limited the damage. The economy rebounded strongly in the third quarter of 2020, b...

Statement by Mr. Piotr Trabinski, Executive Director, and Mr. Bartosz Piasecki, Advisor to the Executive Director February 3, 2021

Statement by Mr. Piotr Trabinski, Executive Director, and Mr. Bartosz Piasecki, Advisor to the Executive Director February 3, 2021 »

Source: Republic of Poland : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Poland

Volume/Issue: 2021/035

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568577

After a long period of uninterrupted growth, Poland is experiencing a pandemic-induced recession, though strong policy actions have limited the damage. The economy rebounded strongly in the third quarter of 2020, b...

At A Cost: The Real Effects of Thin Capitalization Rules

At A Cost: The Real Effects of Thin Capitalization Rules »

Source: At A Cost: The Real Effects of Thin Capitalization Rules

Volume/Issue: 2021/023

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruud A. Mooij , and Li Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568553

Keywords: debt shifting, multinational investment, corporate tax policy, thin capitalization rules

Thin capitalization rules (TCRs) aim to mitigate profit shifting by multinational corporations (MNCs) but, by raising the cost of capital for affected affiliates, can also negatively affect real investment. Exploi...

At A Cost: The Real Effects of Thin Capitalization Rules

At A Cost: The Real Effects of Thin Capitalization Rules »

Volume/Issue: 2021/023

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruud A. Mooij , and Li Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568553.001

ISBN: 9781513568553

Keywords: debt shifting, multinational investment, corporate tax policy, thin capitalization rules

Thin capitalization rules (TCRs) aim to mitigate profit shifting by multinational corporations (MNCs) but, by raising the cost of capital for affected affiliates, can also negatively affect real investment. Exploi...

The Impact of Political Uncertainty on Asset Prices: The Case of the United Kingdom's EU Membership Referendum

The Impact of Political Uncertainty on Asset Prices: The Case of the United Kingdom's EU Membership Referendum »

Volume/Issue: 2021/027

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Hanna , Niels-Jakob Hansen , and Margaux MacDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568645.001

ISBN: 9781513568645

Keywords: Brexit, EU referendum, political uncertainty, high frequency data.

How did expectations of the outcome of the United Kingdom's (UK) referendum on European Union (EU) membership in 2016 affect prices in financial markets? We study this using high frequency data from betting and fin...

The Impact of Political Uncertainty on Asset Prices: The Case of the United Kingdom's EU Membership Referendum

The Impact of Political Uncertainty on Asset Prices: The Case of the United Kingdom's EU Membership Referendum »

Source: The Impact of Political Uncertainty on Asset Prices: The Case of the United Kingdom's EU Membership Referendum

Volume/Issue: 2021/027

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Hanna , Niels-Jakob Hansen , and Margaux MacDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568645

Keywords: Brexit, EU referendum, political uncertainty, high frequency data.

How did expectations of the outcome of the United Kingdom's (UK) referendum on European Union (EU) membership in 2016 affect prices in financial markets? We study this using high frequency data from betting and fin...

IMF Executive Board Reviews IMF Debt Sustainability Framework for Market Access Countries

IMF Executive Board Reviews IMF Debt Sustainability Framework for Market Access Countries »

Source: Review of The Debt Sustainability Framework For Market Access Countries

Volume/Issue: 2021/003

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568324

A careful review has revealed significant scope to modernize and better align the MAC DSA with its objectives and the IMF's lending framework. This note proposes replacing the current framework with a new methodolo...

Review of The Debt Sustainability Framework For Market Access Countries

Review of The Debt Sustainability Framework For Market Access Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2021/003

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568324.007

ISBN: 9781513568324

A careful review has revealed significant scope to modernize and better align the MAC DSA with its objectives and the IMF's lending framework. This note proposes replacing the current framework with a new methodolo...

IMF Policy Paper: Review of the Debt Sustainability Framework for Market Access Countries

IMF Policy Paper: Review of the Debt Sustainability Framework for Market Access Countries »

Source: Review of The Debt Sustainability Framework For Market Access Countries

Volume/Issue: 2021/003

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568324

A careful review has revealed significant scope to modernize and better align the MAC DSA with its objectives and the IMF's lending framework. This note proposes replacing the current framework with a new methodolo...