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Annex I. Supplementary Information on Korea’s Mitigation Policies

New
Annex I. Supplementary Information on Korea’s Mitigation Policies »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Annex II. Pricing Miscellaneous Emissions Sources

New
Annex II. Pricing Miscellaneous Emissions Sources »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Annex III. Burden of Carbon Mitigation Policies on Industries

New
Annex III. Burden of Carbon Mitigation Policies on Industries »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Fiscal Policies for Reinforcing Korea's Climate Mitigation Strategy1

New
Fiscal Policies for Reinforcing Korea's Climate Mitigation Strategy1 »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Fiscal Rules in Korea—Some Considerations1

New
Fiscal Rules in Korea—Some Considerations1 »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Republic of Korea
			: Selected Issues

New
Republic of Korea : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574929.002

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Republic of Korea: Selected Issues

New
Republic of Korea: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Korea : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/065

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574929

Keywords: Carbon tax, Public debt, Greenhouse gas emissions, Fiscal rules, Non-wage benefits, ISCR, CR, emissions intensity, trading market, default emissions factor

Selected Issues...

Colombia: Selected Issues

New
Colombia: Selected Issues »

Source: Colombia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574615

Keywords: Income, Potential output, Employment, COVID-19 , Unemployment, ISCR, CR, income balance, production function approach, employment loss

Selected Issues...

Colombia: Selected Issues

New
Colombia: Selected Issues »

Source: Colombia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574615

Keywords: Income, Potential output, Employment, COVID-19 , Unemployment, ISCR, CR, income balance, production function approach, employment loss

Selected Issues...

Colombia: Selected Issues

New
Colombia: Selected Issues »

Source: Colombia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513574615

Keywords: Income, Potential output, Employment, COVID-19 , Unemployment, ISCR, CR, income balance, production function approach, employment loss

Selected Issues...

Colombia
			: Selected Issues

New
Colombia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513574615.002

ISBN: 9781513574615

Keywords: Income, Potential output, Employment, COVID-19 , Unemployment, ISCR, CR, income balance, production function approach, employment loss

Selected Issues...

Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth

Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth »

Source: Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth

Volume/Issue: 2021/072

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Baduel , Asel Isakova , and Anna Ter-Martirosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513572642

Keywords: Labor markets, Aging, Education, Poverty, Income, inequality, inclusive growth, youth employment, elderly poverty, intergenerational mobility

Sharing economic benefits equitably across all segments of society includes addressing the specific challenges of different generations. At present, youth and elderly are particularly vulnerable to poverty relative...

Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth

Generational Aspects of Inclusive Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2021/072

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Benedicte Baduel , Asel Isakova , and Anna Ter-Martirosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572642.001

ISBN: 9781513572642

Keywords: Labor markets, Aging, Education, Poverty, Income, inequality, inclusive growth, youth employment, elderly poverty, intergenerational mobility

Sharing economic benefits equitably across all segments of society includes addressing the specific challenges of different generations. At present, youth and elderly are particularly vulnerable to poverty relative...

Beautiful Cycles: A Theory and a Model Implying a Curious Role for Interest*

Beautiful Cycles: A Theory and a Model Implying a Curious Role for Interest* »

Source: Beautiful Cycles: A Theory and a Model Implying a Curious Role for Interest

Volume/Issue: 2021/067

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Gross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571676

Keywords: Wages, Wage rigidity, Income, Labor share, Loans, Business and financial cycles., WP, firm profits, price inflation, profit share

Where do economic cycles come from? This paper contemplates an utmost minimalistic model and underlying theory that rest on two assumptions for letting them emerge endogenously: (1) the presence of interest-bearing...

Education and Health for Inclusiveness

Education and Health for Inclusiveness »

Source: Education and Health for Inclusiveness

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Deon Filmer , Roberta Gatti , Halsey Rogers , Nikola Spatafora , and Drilona Emrullahu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571539

Keywords: Education, Health, Human capital, Health care, Labor force, Inclusive Growth., WP, primary care, transfer program, basic education

We discuss existing shortfalls and inequalities in the accumulation of human capital-knowledge, skills, and health. We analyze their immediate and systemic causes, and assess the scope for public intervention. Th...

2019 Quota Data Update

2019 Quota Data Update »

Volume/Issue: 2021/015

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571461.007

ISBN: 9781513571461

Keywords: Purchasing power parity, Financial account, Income, Capital flows, Labor unions, PP, openness variable, annexes advance, cutoff date, EMDC share

The paper presents summary results for the updated data set, with country-by-country details provided in Appendix I. In terms of broad country groups, the results of the data update are broadly consistent with tren...

IMF Policy Paper: 2019 Quota Data Update

IMF Policy Paper: 2019 Quota Data Update »

Source: 2019 Quota Data Update

Volume/Issue: 2021/015

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571461

Keywords: Purchasing power parity, Financial account, Income, Capital flows, Labor unions, PP, openness variable, annexes advance, cutoff date, EMDC share

The paper presents summary results for the updated data set, with country-by-country details provided in Appendix I. In terms of broad country groups, the results of the data update are broadly consistent with tren...

IMF Policy Paper: Quota Data Update—Annexes

IMF Policy Paper: Quota Data Update—Annexes »

Source: 2019 Quota Data Update

Volume/Issue: 2021/015

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571461

Keywords: Purchasing power parity, Financial account, Income, Capital flows, Labor unions, PP, openness variable, annexes advance, cutoff date, EMDC share

The paper presents summary results for the updated data set, with country-by-country details provided in Appendix I. In terms of broad country groups, the results of the data update are broadly consistent with tren...

Beautiful Cycles: A Theory and a Model Implying a Curious Role for Interest

Beautiful Cycles: A Theory and a Model Implying a Curious Role for Interest »

Volume/Issue: 2021/067

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Gross

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571676.001

ISBN: 9781513571676

Keywords: Wages, Wage rigidity, Income, Labor share, Loans, Business and financial cycles., WP, firm profits, price inflation, profit share

Where do economic cycles come from? This paper contemplates an utmost minimalistic model and underlying theory that rest on two assumptions for letting them emerge endogenously: (1) the presence of interest-bearing...

Education and Health for Inclusiveness

Education and Health for Inclusiveness »

Volume/Issue: 2021/060

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Deon Filmer , Roberta Gatti , Halsey Rogers , Nikola Spatafora , and Drilona Emrullahu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571539.001

ISBN: 9781513571539

Keywords: Education, Health, Human capital, Health care, Labor force, Inclusive Growth., WP, primary care, transfer program, basic education

We discuss existing shortfalls and inequalities in the accumulation of human capital-knowledge, skills, and health. We analyze their immediate and systemic causes, and assess the scope for public intervention. Th...

The Short-Term Impact of COVID-19 on Labor Markets, Poverty and Inequality in Brazil

The Short-Term Impact of COVID-19 on Labor Markets, Poverty and Inequality in Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2021/066

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Diala Al Masri , Valentina Flamini , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513571645.001

ISBN: 9781513571645

Keywords: COVID-19 , Employment, Labor markets, Unemployment, Income, labor market, inequality, poverty, public expenditure, social spending.

We document the short-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Brazilian labor market focusing on employment, wages and hours worked using the nationally representative household surveys PNAD-Continua and PNAD C...

The Short-Term Impact of COVID-19 on Labor Markets, Poverty and Inequality in Brazil

The Short-Term Impact of COVID-19 on Labor Markets, Poverty and Inequality in Brazil »

Source: The Short-Term Impact of COVID-19 on Labor Markets, Poverty and Inequality in Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2021/066

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Diala Al Masri , Valentina Flamini , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513571645

Keywords: COVID-19 , Employment, Labor markets, Unemployment, Income, labor market, inequality, poverty, public expenditure, social spending.

We document the short-term impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the Brazilian labor market focusing on employment, wages and hours worked using the nationally representative household surveys PNAD-Continua and PNAD C...

Labor and Product Market Reforms and External Imbalances: Evidence from Advanced Economies

Labor and Product Market Reforms and External Imbalances: Evidence from Advanced Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2021/054

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , and João Tovar Jalles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570747.001

ISBN: 9781513570747

Keywords: Current account balance, Current account, Employment protection, Commodity markets, Labor market reforms, external imbalances, structural reforms, product market, labor market., WP

We explore the impact of major labor and product market reforms on current account dynamics using a new 'narrative' database of major changes in employment protection for regular workers and product market regulati...

Pandemics and Inequality: Perceptions and Preferences for Redistribution

Pandemics and Inequality: Perceptions and Preferences for Redistribution »

Volume/Issue: 2021/053

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vybhavi Balasundharam , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570723.001

ISBN: 9781513570723

Keywords: COVID-19 , Health, Unemployment, Income, Population and demographics, inequality, perceptions, government, political economy, WP

This paper uses an individual-level survey conducted by the Edelman Trust Barometer in mid-April for 11 advanced and emerging market economies to examine perceptions of government performance in managing the health...

Resource Misallocation in India: The Role of Cross-State Labor Market Reform

Resource Misallocation in India: The Role of Cross-State Labor Market Reform »

Volume/Issue: 2021/051

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adil Mohommad , Charlotte Sandoz , and Piyaporn Sodsriwiboon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570679.001

ISBN: 9781513570679

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor market reforms, Labor, Productivity, Employment protection, Misallocation, India, Firm level, Structural reforms., WP

At the macro level, productivity is driven by technology and the efficiency of resource allocation, as outcomes of firms' decision making. The relatively high level of resource misallocation in India's formal manuf...

Labor and Product Market Reforms and External Imbalances: Evidence from Advanced Economies*

Labor and Product Market Reforms and External Imbalances: Evidence from Advanced Economies* »

Source: Labor and Product Market Reforms and External Imbalances: Evidence from Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 2021/054

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Romain Duval , Davide Furceri , and João Tovar Jalles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570747

Keywords: Current account balance, Current account, Employment protection, Commodity markets, Labor market reforms, external imbalances, structural reforms, product market, labor market., WP

We explore the impact of major labor and product market reforms on current account dynamics using a new 'narrative' database of major changes in employment protection for regular workers and product market regulati...

Pandemics and Inequality: Perceptions and Preferences for Redistribution

Pandemics and Inequality: Perceptions and Preferences for Redistribution »

Source: Pandemics and Inequality: Perceptions and Preferences for Redistribution

Volume/Issue: 2021/053

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vybhavi Balasundharam , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570723

Keywords: COVID-19 , Health, Unemployment, Income, Population and demographics, inequality, perceptions, government, political economy, WP

This paper uses an individual-level survey conducted by the Edelman Trust Barometer in mid-April for 11 advanced and emerging market economies to examine perceptions of government performance in managing the health...

Resource Misallocation in India: The Role of Cross-State Labor Market Reform

Resource Misallocation in India: The Role of Cross-State Labor Market Reform »

Source: Resource Misallocation in India: The Role of Cross-State Labor Market Reform

Volume/Issue: 2021/051

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adil Mohommad , Charlotte Sandoz , and Piyaporn Sodsriwiboon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570679

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor market reforms, Labor, Productivity, Employment protection, Misallocation, India, Firm level, Structural reforms., WP

At the macro level, productivity is driven by technology and the efficiency of resource allocation, as outcomes of firms' decision making. The relatively high level of resource misallocation in India's formal manuf...

Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2021/045

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paola Ganum , and Vimal Thakoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570044.001

ISBN: 9781513570044

Keywords: Commodity markets, Income, Structural reforms, Labor markets, Labor market reforms, COVID-19, Growth, Development, Political Economy, Sub-Saharan Africa.

Covid-19 has exacerbated economic and social vulnerabilities across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is a risk that growth could be lower for longer, with a setback to development. Post-pandemic reforms thus become...

Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa1

Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa1 »

Source: Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2021/045

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paola Ganum , and Vimal Thakoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570044

Keywords: Commodity markets, Income, Structural reforms, Labor markets, Labor market reforms, COVID-19, Growth, Development, Political Economy, Sub-Saharan Africa.

Covid-19 has exacerbated economic and social vulnerabilities across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is a risk that growth could be lower for longer, with a setback to development. Post-pandemic reforms thus become...

Judge Bias in Labor Courts and Firm Performance

Judge Bias in Labor Courts and Firm Performance »

Volume/Issue: 2021/031

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre Cahuc , Stéphane Carcillo , Berengere Patault , and Flavien Moreau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513569383.001

ISBN: 9781513569383

Keywords: Employment, Wages, Economic and financial statistics, Labor, Return on investment, Dismissal compensation, judge bias, firm survival, WP, pro-worker bias

Does labor court uncertainty and judge subjectivity influence firms' performance? We study the economic consequences of judge decisions by collecting information on more than 145,000 Appeal court rulings, combined...

Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness

Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness »

Volume/Issue: 2021/038

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Holger Floerkemeier , Nikola Spatafora , and Anthony Venables

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513569505.001

ISBN: 9781513569505

Keywords: Wages, Productivity, Income, Housing, Labor markets, Regional Disparities, Place-Based Policies, Inclusive Growth., WP, market forces

We discuss regional disparities in economic performance and living standards. We first set out some key facts, and provide a conceptual framework to help analyze whether such disparities are efficient, or instead...

Judge Bias in Labor Courts and Firm Performance

Judge Bias in Labor Courts and Firm Performance »

Source: Judge Bias in Labor Courts and Firm Performance

Volume/Issue: 2021/031

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pierre Cahuc , Stéphane Carcillo , Berengere Patault , and Flavien Moreau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513569383

Keywords: Employment, Wages, Economic and financial statistics, Labor, Return on investment, Dismissal compensation, judge bias, firm survival, WP, pro-worker bias

Does labor court uncertainty and judge subjectivity influence firms' performance? We study the economic consequences of judge decisions by collecting information on more than 145,000 Appeal court rulings, combined...

Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness

Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness »

Source: Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness

Volume/Issue: 2021/038

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Holger Floerkemeier , Nikola Spatafora , and Anthony Venables

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513569505

Keywords: Wages, Productivity, Income, Housing, Labor markets, Regional Disparities, Place-Based Policies, Inclusive Growth., WP, market forces

We discuss regional disparities in economic performance and living standards. We first set out some key facts, and provide a conceptual framework to help analyze whether such disparities are efficient, or instead...

Vanuatu
			: Technical Assistance Report-Feasibility Study on the Introduction of Quarterly National Accounts

Vanuatu : Technical Assistance Report-Feasibility Study on the Introduction of Quarterly National Accounts »

Volume/Issue: 2021/037

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568836.002

ISBN: 9781513568836

Keywords: National accounts, Labor, Balance of payments statistics, Human capital, Financial statistics, ISCR, CR, a number of data gap, QNA program, source data VNSO

The Vanuatu National Statistics Office (VNSO) requested a mission by the IMF's Pacific Financial Technical Assistance Centre (PFTAC) for conducting a feasibility study on the implementation of a quarterly national...

Vanuatu

Vanuatu »

Source: Vanuatu : Technical Assistance Report-Feasibility Study on the Introduction of Quarterly National Accounts

Volume/Issue: 2021/037

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568836

Keywords: National accounts, Labor, Balance of payments statistics, Human capital, Financial statistics, ISCR, CR, a number of data gap, QNA program, source data VNSO

The Vanuatu National Statistics Office (VNSO) requested a mission by the IMF's Pacific Financial Technical Assistance Centre (PFTAC) for conducting a feasibility study on the implementation of a quarterly national...

Measuring the Informal Economy

Measuring the Informal Economy »

Volume/Issue: 2021/002

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Quiros-Romero , Thomas Alexander , and Jennifer Ribarsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568249.007

ISBN: 9781513568249

Keywords: Informal economy, Informal employment, Income, Employment, National accounts, PP, enterprise survey, household enterprise, registration record, enterprise unit

This paper proposes a framework for measuring the informal economy that is consistent with internationally agreed concepts and methodology for measuring GDP. Based on the proposed framework, the informal economy 'c...

Measuring the Informal Economy

Measuring the Informal Economy »

Source: Measuring the Informal Economy

Volume/Issue: 2021/002

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Quiros-Romero , Thomas Alexander , and Jennifer Ribarsky

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568249

Keywords: Informal economy, Informal employment, Income, Employment, National accounts, PP, enterprise survey, household enterprise, registration record, enterprise unit

This paper proposes a framework for measuring the informal economy that is consistent with internationally agreed concepts and methodology for measuring GDP. Based on the proposed framework, the informal economy 'c...

Initial Output Losses from the Covid-19 Pandemic: Robust Determinants

Initial Output Losses from the Covid-19 Pandemic: Robust Determinants »

Volume/Issue: 2021/018

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Michael Ganslmeier , Jonathan Ostry , and Naihan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567013.001

ISBN: 9781513567013

Keywords: Population and demographics, Fiscal stimulus, COVID-19 , Health, Labor market regulations, Recession, Resilience, WALS, BMA, Model-Averaging.

While the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting all countries, output losses vary considerably across countries. We provide a first analysis of robust determinants of observed initial output losses using model-averaging t...

Initial Output Losses from the Covid-19 Pandemic: Robust Determinants

Initial Output Losses from the Covid-19 Pandemic: Robust Determinants »

Source: Initial Output Losses from the Covid-19 Pandemic: Robust Determinants

Volume/Issue: 2021/018

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Furceri , Michael Ganslmeier , Jonathan Ostry , and Naihan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513567013

Keywords: Population and demographics, Fiscal stimulus, COVID-19 , Health, Labor market regulations, Recession, Resilience, WALS, BMA, Model-Averaging.

While the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting all countries, output losses vary considerably across countries. We provide a first analysis of robust determinants of observed initial output losses using model-averaging t...

Germany: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Germany: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany »

Source: Germany : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Volume/Issue: 2021/013

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566733

Keywords: COVID-19 , Labor markets, Commercial banks, Cooperative banks, Loans, ISCR, CR, policy support package, IMF staff calculation, money market rate

Germany managed the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic relatively well thanks to an early and vigorous public health response. Nonetheless, unprecedented disruptions to economic and social activity caused a deep r...

Germany: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Germany: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany »

Source: Germany : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Volume/Issue: 2021/013

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566733

Keywords: COVID-19 , Labor markets, Commercial banks, Cooperative banks, Loans, ISCR, CR, policy support package, IMF staff calculation, money market rate

Germany managed the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic relatively well thanks to an early and vigorous public health response. Nonetheless, unprecedented disruptions to economic and social activity caused a deep r...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Germany

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Germany »

Source: Germany : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Volume/Issue: 2021/013

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566733

Keywords: COVID-19 , Labor markets, Commercial banks, Cooperative banks, Loans, ISCR, CR, policy support package, IMF staff calculation, money market rate

Germany managed the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic relatively well thanks to an early and vigorous public health response. Nonetheless, unprecedented disruptions to economic and social activity caused a deep r...

Germany
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Germany : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany »

Volume/Issue: 2021/013

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566733.002

ISBN: 9781513566733

Keywords: COVID-19 , Labor markets, Commercial banks, Cooperative banks, Loans, ISCR, CR, policy support package, IMF staff calculation, money market rate

Germany managed the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic relatively well thanks to an early and vigorous public health response. Nonetheless, unprecedented disruptions to economic and social activity caused a deep r...

Statement by Mr. von Kleist, Executive Director for Germany, Mr. Merk, Alternate Executive Director and Mr. Buetzer, Senior Advisor January 13, 2021

Statement by Mr. von Kleist, Executive Director for Germany, Mr. Merk, Alternate Executive Director and Mr. Buetzer, Senior Advisor January 13, 2021 »

Source: Germany : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Germany

Volume/Issue: 2021/013

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566733

Keywords: COVID-19 , Labor markets, Commercial banks, Cooperative banks, Loans, ISCR, CR, policy support package, IMF staff calculation, money market rate

Germany managed the first wave of the COVID-19 epidemic relatively well thanks to an early and vigorous public health response. Nonetheless, unprecedented disruptions to economic and social activity caused a deep r...

The Role of E-Government in Promoting Foreign Direct Investment Inflows

The Role of E-Government in Promoting Foreign Direct Investment Inflows »

Volume/Issue: 2021/008

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Al-Sadiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566795.001

ISBN: 9781513566795

Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Public employment, Corruption, Logit models, Infrastructure, E-government, Developing Countries, WP, FDI inflow, E-government service

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has helped accelerate the digitization of public services. The lockdown initiated by most governments to curb the spread of the coronavirus forced most public agencies to switc...

The Role of E-Government in Promoting Foreign Direct Investment Inflows

The Role of E-Government in Promoting Foreign Direct Investment Inflows »

Source: The Role of E-Government in Promoting Foreign Direct Investment Inflows

Volume/Issue: 2021/008

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Al-Sadiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566795

Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Public employment, Corruption, Logit models, Infrastructure, E-government, Developing Countries, WP, FDI inflow, E-government service

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has helped accelerate the digitization of public services. The lockdown initiated by most governments to curb the spread of the coronavirus forced most public agencies to switc...

Central African Republic

Central African Republic »

Source: Central African Republic : Technical Assistance Report-Governance Diagnostic Report

Volume/Issue: 2021/005

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513566139

Keywords: Corruption, Tax administration core functions, Customs administration core functions, Civil service, Anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), ISCR, CR, organic law, government website, CAR authorities

The gradual return to peace in the Central African Republic (CAR) promises stronger and more equitable growth. Nonetheless, the country faces serious constraints with a security situation that remains vulnerable an...

Central African Republic
			: Technical Assistance Report-Governance Diagnostic Report

Central African Republic : Technical Assistance Report-Governance Diagnostic Report »

Volume/Issue: 2021/005

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566139.002

ISBN: 9781513566139

Keywords: Corruption, Tax administration core functions, Customs administration core functions, Civil service, Anti-money laundering and combating the financing of terrorism (AML/CFT), ISCR, CR, organic law, government website, CAR authorities

The gradual return to peace in the Central African Republic (CAR) promises stronger and more equitable growth. Nonetheless, the country faces serious constraints with a security situation that remains vulnerable an...

The Aggregate-Demand Doom Loop: Precautionary Motives and the Welfare Costs of Sovereign Risk

The Aggregate-Demand Doom Loop: Precautionary Motives and the Welfare Costs of Sovereign Risk »

Source: The Aggregate-Demand Doom Loop: Precautionary Motives and the Welfare Costs of Sovereign Risk

Volume/Issue: 2020/293

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Roldán

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513564739

Keywords: Consumption, Income, Public debt, Income distribution, Wages, Sovereign risk, default, heterogeneous agents, precautionary motives, aggregate demand

Sovereign debt crises coincide with deep recessions. I propose a model of sovereign debt that rationalizes large contractions in economic activity via an aggregate-demand amplification mechanism. The mechanism also...

The Aggregate-Demand Doom Loop: Precautionary Motives and the Welfare Costs of Sovereign Risk

The Aggregate-Demand Doom Loop: Precautionary Motives and the Welfare Costs of Sovereign Risk »

Volume/Issue: 2020/293

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Roldán

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513564739.001

ISBN: 9781513564739

Keywords: Consumption, Income, Public debt, Income distribution, Wages, Sovereign risk, default, heterogeneous agents, precautionary motives, aggregate demand

Sovereign debt crises coincide with deep recessions. I propose a model of sovereign debt that rationalizes large contractions in economic activity via an aggregate-demand amplification mechanism. The mechanism also...

Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand

Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand »

Source: Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2020/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister , Harald Finger , Yosuke Kido , Siddharth Kothari , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513563282

Keywords: Potential output, Labor force participation, Productivity, Total factor productivity, Capital accumulation, scarring, COVID-19, advanced economies, Australia, New Zealand

While the world is focused on addressing the near-term ramifications of the COVID-19 shock, we turn attention to another important aspect of the pandemic: its fallout on medium-term potential output through scarrin...

Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand

Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2020/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister , Harald Finger , Yosuke Kido , Siddharth Kothari , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563282.001

ISBN: 9781513563282

Keywords: Potential output, Labor force participation, Productivity, Total factor productivity, Capital accumulation, scarring, COVID-19, advanced economies, Australia, New Zealand

While the world is focused on addressing the near-term ramifications of the COVID-19 shock, we turn attention to another important aspect of the pandemic: its fallout on medium-term potential output through scarrin...

Role of Individual Characteristics and Policies in Driving Labor Informality in Vietnam

Role of Individual Characteristics and Policies in Driving Labor Informality in Vietnam »

Volume/Issue: 2020/273

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giovanni Ganelli , Anh Thi Ngoc Nguyen , Mai Thi Thanh Nguyen , and Thuy Thi Thu Vu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563862.001

ISBN: 9781513563862

Keywords: Informal employment, Wages, Labor, Employment, Labor markets, informality, Vietnam, Labor Force Survey, labor market segmentation, structural reforms

Using data from the Vietnam Labor Force Survey, this paper takes a granular look at the most salient drivers of labor informality in Vietnam by examining: (i) the nature of labor informality and transitions from fo...

Youth Unemployment in Uruguay

Youth Unemployment in Uruguay »

Volume/Issue: 2020/281

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jose L. Torres , and Sidonia McKenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563947.001

ISBN: 9781513563947

Keywords: Unemployment, Labor markets, Unemployment rate, Employment, Labor, labor market, youth unemployment, labor rigidities, synthetic panel., WP

Uruguay enjoys favorable social outcomes, and its labor indicators are comparable to other Latin American countries, but its youth unemployment is one of the highest in the world. To help understand this duality, w...

Role of Individual Characteristics and Policies in Driving Labor Informality in Vietnam

Role of Individual Characteristics and Policies in Driving Labor Informality in Vietnam »

Source: Role of Individual Characteristics and Policies in Driving Labor Informality in Vietnam

Volume/Issue: 2020/273

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Giovanni Ganelli , Anh Thi Ngoc Nguyen , Mai Thi Thanh Nguyen , and Thuy Thi Thu Vu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513563862

Keywords: Informal employment, Wages, Labor, Employment, Labor markets, informality, Vietnam, Labor Force Survey, labor market segmentation, structural reforms

Using data from the Vietnam Labor Force Survey, this paper takes a granular look at the most salient drivers of labor informality in Vietnam by examining: (i) the nature of labor informality and transitions from fo...

Youth Unemployment in Uruguay

Youth Unemployment in Uruguay »

Source: Youth Unemployment in Uruguay

Volume/Issue: 2020/281

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jose L. Torres , and Sidonia McKenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513563947

Keywords: Unemployment, Labor markets, Unemployment rate, Employment, Labor, labor market, youth unemployment, labor rigidities, synthetic panel., WP

Uruguay enjoys favorable social outcomes, and its labor indicators are comparable to other Latin American countries, but its youth unemployment is one of the highest in the world. To help understand this duality, w...

Confidence as a Driver of Private Investment in Selected Countries of Central America

Confidence as a Driver of Private Investment in Selected Countries of Central America »

Source: Confidence as a Driver of Private Investment in Selected Countries of Central America

Volume/Issue: 2020/270

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Janada , and Iulia Ruxandra Teodoru

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513563275

Keywords: Labor costs, Vector error correction models, Vector autoregression, Business environment, Private investment, determinants of investment, confidence, uncertainty, VAR, VECM

This paper argues that structural weaknesses may make private investment particularly sensitive to business confidence relative to other traditional investment drivers and global shocks. It gauges the importance of...

Confidence as a Driver of Private Investment in Selected Countries of Central America

Confidence as a Driver of Private Investment in Selected Countries of Central America »

Volume/Issue: 2020/270

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Carlos Janada , and Iulia Ruxandra Teodoru

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563275.001

ISBN: 9781513563275

Keywords: Labor costs, Vector error correction models, Vector autoregression, Business environment, Private investment, determinants of investment, confidence, uncertainty, VAR, VECM

This paper argues that structural weaknesses may make private investment particularly sensitive to business confidence relative to other traditional investment drivers and global shocks. It gauges the importance of...

Brazil: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Brazil: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil »

Source: Brazil : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2020/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513562674

Keywords: Public debt, Expenditure, Labor, Income, Labor markets, ISCR, CR, inflation expectation, reform agenda, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened Brazil's longstanding vulnerabilities of low potential growth, high income inequality, and weak fiscal position. While the authorities mounted a rapid and effective response to su...

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Brazil : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2020/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513562674

Keywords: Public debt, Expenditure, Labor, Income, Labor markets, ISCR, CR, inflation expectation, reform agenda, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened Brazil's longstanding vulnerabilities of low potential growth, high income inequality, and weak fiscal position. While the authorities mounted a rapid and effective response to su...

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Brazil: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Brazil : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2020/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513562674

Keywords: Public debt, Expenditure, Labor, Income, Labor markets, ISCR, CR, inflation expectation, reform agenda, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened Brazil's longstanding vulnerabilities of low potential growth, high income inequality, and weak fiscal position. While the authorities mounted a rapid and effective response to su...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Brazil

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Brazil »

Source: Brazil : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2020/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513562674

Keywords: Public debt, Expenditure, Labor, Income, Labor markets, ISCR, CR, inflation expectation, reform agenda, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened Brazil's longstanding vulnerabilities of low potential growth, high income inequality, and weak fiscal position. While the authorities mounted a rapid and effective response to su...

Brazil
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Brazil : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil »

Volume/Issue: 2020/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513562674.002

ISBN: 9781513562674

Keywords: Public debt, Expenditure, Labor, Income, Labor markets, ISCR, CR, inflation expectation, reform agenda, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened Brazil's longstanding vulnerabilities of low potential growth, high income inequality, and weak fiscal position. While the authorities mounted a rapid and effective response to su...

Statement by Mr. Bevilaqua on Brazil November 25, 2020

Statement by Mr. Bevilaqua on Brazil November 25, 2020 »

Source: Brazil : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Brazil

Volume/Issue: 2020/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513562674

Keywords: Public debt, Expenditure, Labor, Income, Labor markets, ISCR, CR, inflation expectation, reform agenda, liability positions vis-à-vis nonresident

The COVID-19 pandemic has worsened Brazil's longstanding vulnerabilities of low potential growth, high income inequality, and weak fiscal position. While the authorities mounted a rapid and effective response to su...

Labor Market Informality and the Business Cycle

Labor Market Informality and the Business Cycle »

Volume/Issue: 2020/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Frederic Lambert , Andrea Pescatori , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561288.001

ISBN: 9781513561288

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor, Labor markets, Business cycles, Unemployment, labor market, informality, business cycle, WP, commodity price shock

Labor market informality is a pervasive feature of most developing economies. Motivated by the empirical regularity that the labor informality rate falls with GDP per capita, both at business cycle frequency and in...

Labor Market Informality and the Business Cycle

Labor Market Informality and the Business Cycle »

Source: Labor Market Informality and the Business Cycle

Volume/Issue: 2020/256

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Frederic Lambert , Andrea Pescatori , and Frederik Toscani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561288

Keywords: Total factor productivity, Labor, Labor markets, Business cycles, Unemployment, labor market, informality, business cycle, WP, commodity price shock

Labor market informality is a pervasive feature of most developing economies. Motivated by the empirical regularity that the labor informality rate falls with GDP per capita, both at business cycle frequency and in...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Spain

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2020 Article IV Consultation with Spain »

Source: Spain : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain

Volume/Issue: 192020/298

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561004

Keywords: Income, Public debt, Labor, Loans, Loan guarantees, ISCR, CR, GDP outturn, draft budget law, staff assumption

COVID-19 impact. The pandemic has hit Spain's society and economy severely following five years of strong job-rich growth. A large service sector dominated by SMEs, importance of tourism, and widespread use of temp...

Spain
			: 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain

Spain : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain »

Volume/Issue: 192020/298

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561004.002

ISBN: 9781513561004

Keywords: Income, Public debt, Labor, Loans, Loan guarantees, ISCR, CR, GDP outturn, draft budget law, staff assumption

COVID-19 impact. The pandemic has hit Spain's society and economy severely following five years of strong job-rich growth. A large service sector dominated by SMEs, importance of tourism, and widespread use of temp...

Spain
			: Selected Issues

Spain : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 192020/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560984.002

ISBN: 9781513560984

Keywords: Women, Labor markets, Gender inequality, Labor, Minimum wages, ISCR, CR, job loss probability, minimum wage wage earner, minimum-to-median wage ratio

The COVID-19 pandemic will exacerbate Spain's already large inclusion gap. Responding in the recovery with policies that support social objectives should be a key priority and calls for several structural changes....

Spain: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain

Spain: 2020 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain »

Source: Spain : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain

Volume/Issue: 192020/298

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561004

Keywords: Income, Public debt, Labor, Loans, Loan guarantees, ISCR, CR, GDP outturn, draft budget law, staff assumption

COVID-19 impact. The pandemic has hit Spain's society and economy severely following five years of strong job-rich growth. A large service sector dominated by SMEs, importance of tourism, and widespread use of temp...

Spain: Selected Issues

Spain: Selected Issues »

Source: Spain : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 192020/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513560984

Keywords: Women, Labor markets, Gender inequality, Labor, Minimum wages, ISCR, CR, job loss probability, minimum wage wage earner, minimum-to-median wage ratio

The COVID-19 pandemic will exacerbate Spain's already large inclusion gap. Responding in the recovery with policies that support social objectives should be a key priority and calls for several structural changes....

Spain: Selected Issues

Spain: Selected Issues »

Source: Spain : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 192020/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513560984

Keywords: Women, Labor markets, Gender inequality, Labor, Minimum wages, ISCR, CR, job loss probability, minimum wage wage earner, minimum-to-median wage ratio

The COVID-19 pandemic will exacerbate Spain's already large inclusion gap. Responding in the recovery with policies that support social objectives should be a key priority and calls for several structural changes....

Spain: Selected Issues

Spain: Selected Issues »

Source: Spain : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 192020/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513560984

Keywords: Women, Labor markets, Gender inequality, Labor, Minimum wages, ISCR, CR, job loss probability, minimum wage wage earner, minimum-to-median wage ratio

The COVID-19 pandemic will exacerbate Spain's already large inclusion gap. Responding in the recovery with policies that support social objectives should be a key priority and calls for several structural changes....

Spain: Selected Issues

Spain: Selected Issues »

Source: Spain : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 192020/299

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513560984

Keywords: Women, Labor markets, Gender inequality, Labor, Minimum wages, ISCR, CR, job loss probability, minimum wage wage earner, minimum-to-median wage ratio

The COVID-19 pandemic will exacerbate Spain's already large inclusion gap. Responding in the recovery with policies that support social objectives should be a key priority and calls for several structural changes....

Spain: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Spain: Staff Report for the 2020 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Spain : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain

Volume/Issue: 192020/298

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561004

Keywords: Income, Public debt, Labor, Loans, Loan guarantees, ISCR, CR, GDP outturn, draft budget law, staff assumption

COVID-19 impact. The pandemic has hit Spain's society and economy severely following five years of strong job-rich growth. A large service sector dominated by SMEs, importance of tourism, and widespread use of temp...

Statement by Pablo Moreno, Executive Director for Spain, Fernando Lopez and Rosa Moral Betere, Advisors to the Executive Director November 11, 2020

Statement by Pablo Moreno, Executive Director for Spain, Fernando Lopez and Rosa Moral Betere, Advisors to the Executive Director November 11, 2020 »

Source: Spain : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain

Volume/Issue: 192020/298

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561004

Keywords: Income, Public debt, Labor, Loans, Loan guarantees, ISCR, CR, GDP outturn, draft budget law, staff assumption

COVID-19 impact. The pandemic has hit Spain's society and economy severely following five years of strong job-rich growth. A large service sector dominated by SMEs, importance of tourism, and widespread use of temp...

Statement by the Staff Representative Executive Board Meeting November 11, 2020

Statement by the Staff Representative Executive Board Meeting November 11, 2020 »

Source: Spain : 2020 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Spain

Volume/Issue: 192020/298

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561004

Keywords: Income, Public debt, Labor, Loans, Loan guarantees, ISCR, CR, GDP outturn, draft budget law, staff assumption

COVID-19 impact. The pandemic has hit Spain's society and economy severely following five years of strong job-rich growth. A large service sector dominated by SMEs, importance of tourism, and widespread use of temp...

COVID-19 Impact and Mitigation Policies: A Didactic Epidemiological-Macroeconomic Model Approach

COVID-19 Impact and Mitigation Policies: A Didactic Epidemiological-Macroeconomic Model Approach »

Source: COVID-19 Impact and Mitigation Policies: A Didactic Epidemiological-Macroeconomic Model Approach

Volume/Issue: 2020/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Ansah , Natan Epstein , and Valeriu Nalban

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513560427

Keywords: Population and demographics, Health, Labor markets, Labor, COVID-19 , Pandemic, Epidemiological model, Macroeconomics, Emerging market and developing economies, Mitigation policy

We develop an integrated epidemiological-macroeconomic model to analyze the interplay between the COVID-19 outbreak and economic activity, as a tool for capacity building purposes. We illustrate a workhorse framewo...

COVID-19 Impact and Mitigation Policies: A Didactic Epidemiological-Macroeconomic Model Approach

COVID-19 Impact and Mitigation Policies: A Didactic Epidemiological-Macroeconomic Model Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2020/233

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Ansah , Natan Epstein , and Valeriu Nalban

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560427.001

ISBN: 9781513560427

Keywords: Population and demographics, Health, Labor markets, Labor, COVID-19 , Pandemic, Epidemiological model, Macroeconomics, Emerging market and developing economies, Mitigation policy

We develop an integrated epidemiological-macroeconomic model to analyze the interplay between the COVID-19 outbreak and economic activity, as a tool for capacity building purposes. We illustrate a workhorse framewo...

Financial Frictions and Firm Informality: A General Equilibrium Perspective1

Financial Frictions and Firm Informality: A General Equilibrium Perspective1 »

Source: Financial Frictions and Firm Informality: A General Equilibrium Perspective

Volume/Issue: 2020/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Franjo , Nathalie Pouokam , and Francesco Turino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557809

Keywords: Self-employment, Tax evasion, Financial frictions, Credit, Informal economy, WP, informal firm, firms informality, survival firm, ghost firm

In this paper we build a model of occupational choice with informal production and progressive income taxation. We calibrate the model to the Brazilian economy to evaluate the impact of removing financial frictions...

Financial Frictions and Firm Informality: A General Equilibrium Perspective

Financial Frictions and Firm Informality: A General Equilibrium Perspective »

Volume/Issue: 2020/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Franjo , Nathalie Pouokam , and Francesco Turino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557809.002

ISBN: 9781513557809

Keywords: Self-employment, Tax evasion, Financial frictions, Credit, Informal economy, WP, informal firm, firms informality, survival firm, ghost firm

In this paper we build a model of occupational choice with informal production and progressive income taxation. We calibrate the model to the Brazilian economy to evaluate the impact of removing financial frictions...

IT Shields: Technology Adoption and Economic Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic

IT Shields: Technology Adoption and Economic Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic »

Volume/Issue: 2020/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicola Pierri , and Yannick Timmer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557755.001

ISBN: 9781513557755

Keywords: Unemployment rate, Unemployment, COVID-19 , Labor, Technology, WP, tag0, graphic tag0, mi, IT adoption

We study the economic effects of information technology (IT) adoption during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using data on IT adoption covering almost three million establishments in the US, we find that technology adoption...

Market Power, Growth, and Inclusion: The South African Experience

Market Power, Growth, and Inclusion: The South African Experience »

Volume/Issue: 2020/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vimal Thakoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557731.001

ISBN: 9781513557731

Keywords: Competition, Commodity markets, Private investment, Labor markets, Job creation, WP, market power, product market, firm, market concentration

Before the pandemic, the South African economy remained stuck in low gear, with anemic growth, stagnant private investment, and a shrinking tradable sector. Subdued growth has raised unemployment, poverty, and ineq...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Structural Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean

The Macroeconomic Effects of Structural Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2020/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Samuel Pienknagura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557632.001

ISBN: 9781513557632

Keywords: Structural reforms, Employment protection, Commodity markets, Total factor productivity, Trade liberalization, WP, tag0, graphic tag0, reform, product market

This paper estimates the macroeconomic effects of structural reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) using the dataset constructed by Alesina et al. (2020). We find that large changes in the reform index h...

Worker Mobility and Domestic Production Networks

Worker Mobility and Domestic Production Networks »

Volume/Issue: 2020/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marvin Cardoza , Francesco Grigoli , Nicola Pierri , and Cian Ruane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557724.001

ISBN: 9781513557724

Keywords: Labor mobility, Wages, Productivity, Human capital, Trade balance, WP, graphic tag0, production network, connected firm, firm pair control

We show that domestic production networks shape worker flows between firms. Data on the universe of firm-to-firm transactions for the Dominican Republic, matched with employer-employee records, reveals that about 2...

IT Shields: Technology Adoption and Economic Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic

IT Shields: Technology Adoption and Economic Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic »

Source: IT Shields: Technology Adoption and Economic Resilience during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Volume/Issue: 2020/208

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicola Pierri , and Yannick Timmer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557755

Keywords: Unemployment rate, Unemployment, COVID-19 , Labor, Technology, WP, tag0, graphic tag0, mi, IT adoption

We study the economic effects of information technology (IT) adoption during the COVID-19 pandemic. Using data on IT adoption covering almost three million establishments in the US, we find that technology adoption...

The Macroeconomic Effects of Structural Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean1

The Macroeconomic Effects of Structural Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean1 »

Source: The Macroeconomic Effects of Structural Reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2020/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio David , Takuji Komatsuzaki , and Samuel Pienknagura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557632

Keywords: Structural reforms, Employment protection, Commodity markets, Total factor productivity, Trade liberalization, WP, tag0, graphic tag0, reform, product market

This paper estimates the macroeconomic effects of structural reforms in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) using the dataset constructed by Alesina et al. (2020). We find that large changes in the reform index h...

Market Power, Growth, and Inclusion: The South African Experience1

Market Power, Growth, and Inclusion: The South African Experience1 »

Source: Market Power, Growth, and Inclusion: The South African Experience

Volume/Issue: 2020/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vimal Thakoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557731

Keywords: Competition, Commodity markets, Private investment, Labor markets, Job creation, WP, market power, product market, firm, market concentration

Before the pandemic, the South African economy remained stuck in low gear, with anemic growth, stagnant private investment, and a shrinking tradable sector. Subdued growth has raised unemployment, poverty, and ineq...

Worker Mobility and Domestic Production Networks

Worker Mobility and Domestic Production Networks »

Source: Worker Mobility and Domestic Production Networks

Volume/Issue: 2020/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marvin Cardoza , Francesco Grigoli , Nicola Pierri , and Cian Ruane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557724

Keywords: Labor mobility, Wages, Productivity, Human capital, Trade balance, WP, graphic tag0, production network, connected firm, firm pair control

We show that domestic production networks shape worker flows between firms. Data on the universe of firm-to-firm transactions for the Dominican Republic, matched with employer-employee records, reveals that about 2...

The Development Path Less Traveled

The Development Path Less Traveled »

Source: The Development Path Less Traveled : The Experience of Rwanda

Volume/Issue: 2020/10

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Laure Redifer , Emre Alper , Neil Meads , Tunc Gursoy , Monique Newiak , Alun Thomas , and Samson Kwalingana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2020

ISBN: 9781513551371

Keywords: Economic development, Economic conditions, Economic integration, Economic policy, Regional economics, Economic growth, Economic recovery, Health indicators, Rwanda, Economic development

This paper explores some of the key factors behind Rwanda key successes, including unique institution-building that emphasized governance and ownership; aid-fueled and government-led strategic investment in people,...

The Development Path Less Traveled
			: The Experience of Rwanda

The Development Path Less Traveled : The Experience of Rwanda »

Volume/Issue: 2020/10

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Laure Redifer , Emre Alper , Neil Meads , Tunc Gursoy , Monique Newiak , Alun Thomas , and Samson Kwalingana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513551371.087

ISBN: 9781513551371

Keywords: Economic development, Economic conditions, Economic integration, Economic policy, Regional economics, Economic growth, Economic recovery, Health indicators, Rwanda, Economic development

This paper explores some of the key factors behind Rwanda key successes, including unique institution-building that emphasized governance and ownership; aid-fueled and government-led strategic investment in people,...

Immigration and Employment: Substitute Versus Complementary Labor in Selected African Countries

Immigration and Employment: Substitute Versus Complementary Labor in Selected African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2020/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arina Viseth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513551937.001

ISBN: 9781513551937

Keywords: Labor market policy, Labor market regulations, Human capital, Labor supply, Labor force, Immigration, Formal and Informal Sector, Employment, Occupational Choice, Complementary Versus Substitute Skills

This paper uses census and household survey data on Cameroon, Ghana, and South Africa to examine immigration's impact in the context of a segmented labor market in Sub-Saharan Africa. We find that immigration affec...

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria »

Volume/Issue: 2020/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550190.001

ISBN: 9781513550190

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Labor policy, Social benefits, Social policy, Inequality, Poverty, Social Protection, Bulgaria, European Union

Absolute poverty has dropped markedly in Bulgaria but income inequality has increased substantially in the aftermath of the GFC. This increase is due to a rise in market income inequality that was compounded by a r...

Immigration and Employment: Substitute Versus Complementary Labor in Selected African Countries

Immigration and Employment: Substitute Versus Complementary Labor in Selected African Countries »

Source: Immigration and Employment: Substitute Versus Complementary Labor in Selected African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2020/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arina Viseth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513551937

Keywords: Labor market policy, Labor market regulations, Human capital, Labor supply, Labor force, Immigration, Formal and Informal Sector, Employment, Occupational Choice, Complementary Versus Substitute Skills

This paper uses census and household survey data on Cameroon, Ghana, and South Africa to examine immigration's impact in the context of a segmented labor market in Sub-Saharan Africa. We find that immigration affec...

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria

Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria »

Source: Poverty and Social Protection in Bulgaria

Volume/Issue: 2020/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513550190

Keywords: Social security, Income distribution, Labor policy, Social benefits, Social policy, Inequality, Poverty, Social Protection, Bulgaria, European Union

Absolute poverty has dropped markedly in Bulgaria but income inequality has increased substantially in the aftermath of the GFC. This increase is due to a rise in market income inequality that was compounded by a r...

IMF Executive Board Approves US$49.1 million in Emergency Support to Lesotho to Address the Covid-19 Pandemic

IMF Executive Board Approves US$49.1 million in Emergency Support to Lesotho to Address the Covid-19 Pandemic »

Source: Kingdom of Lesotho : Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Kingdom of Lesotho

Volume/Issue: 192020/228

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513551845

Keywords: Rapid Credit Facility (RCF), Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI), External sector, Expenditures, Credit, Development, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, SACU

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a severe impact on Lesotho's economy. Supply chains for major industries have been disrupted and a national shutdown to contain the virus curtailed economic activity with adverse soc...

Kingdom of Lesotho
			: Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Kingdom of Lesotho

Kingdom of Lesotho : Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Kingdom of Lesotho »

Volume/Issue: 192020/228

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513551845.002

ISBN: 9781513551845

Keywords: Rapid Credit Facility (RCF), Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI), External sector, Expenditures, Credit, Development, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, SACU

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a severe impact on Lesotho's economy. Supply chains for major industries have been disrupted and a national shutdown to contain the virus curtailed economic activity with adverse soc...

Kingdom of Lesotho: Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument—Debt Sustainability Analysis

Kingdom of Lesotho: Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Kingdom of Lesotho : Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Kingdom of Lesotho

Volume/Issue: 192020/228

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513551845

Keywords: Rapid Credit Facility (RCF), Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI), External sector, Expenditures, Credit, Development, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, SACU

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a severe impact on Lesotho's economy. Supply chains for major industries have been disrupted and a national shutdown to contain the virus curtailed economic activity with adverse soc...

Kingdom of Lesotho: Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Kingdom of Lesotho

Kingdom of Lesotho: Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Kingdom of Lesotho »

Source: Kingdom of Lesotho : Requests for Disbursement Under the Rapid Credit Facility and Purchase Under the Rapid Financing Instrument-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Kingdom of Lesotho

Volume/Issue: 192020/228

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513551845

Keywords: Rapid Credit Facility (RCF), Rapid Financing Instrument (RFI), External sector, Expenditures, Credit, Development, Balance of payments, ISCR, CR, SACU

The COVID-19 pandemic is having a severe impact on Lesotho's economy. Supply chains for major industries have been disrupted and a national shutdown to contain the virus curtailed economic activity with adverse soc...