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Republic of Slovenia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Slovenia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484399651.002

ISBN: 9781484399651

Keywords: Tax revenue, Revenue measures, Tax reforms, Tax system reviews, Revenue sources, revenue potential, rebalance, revenue-neutral, vat rate, consumption tax

Selected Issues...

Republic of Slovenia
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Slovenia

Republic of Slovenia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Slovenia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/58

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484399514.002

ISBN: 9781484399514

Keywords: Structural fiscal balance, Central banks, Gross domestic product, Balance of payments, Social security, account surplus, output gap, percent of GDP, SOEs, Haver

A broad-based recovery continued in 2018, lowering unemployment, swinging the headline fiscal balance into surplus, and reducing the public debt ratio. Growth is expected to slow moderately to 3.4 percent in 2019,...

The EU Services Directive
			: Gains from Further Liberalization

The EU Services Directive : Gains from Further Liberalization »

Volume/Issue: 2014/113

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilio Fernández Corugedo , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498391726.001

ISBN: 9781498391726

Keywords: Services sectors, Services Directive, Input-output economics, Growth theory, Competition authorities, competition, intermediate goods, multiplier effects, regulatory barriers, General,

The EU Services Directive was adopted in 2006 to foster competition in services across Europe. However, progress in liberalizing services has fallen short of expectations due to the article 15 of the Directive, whi...

Competition Policy for Modern Banks

Competition Policy for Modern Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2013/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lev Ratnovski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354728.001

ISBN: 9781484354728

Keywords: Competition Policy, bank competition, mergers, General, Government Policy and Regulation,

Traditional bank competition policy seeks to balance efficiency with incentives to take risk. The main tools are rules guiding entry/exit and consolidation of banks. This paper seeks to refine this view in light of...

Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries
			: The Role of Regulatory, Institutional, and Macroeconomic Factors

Financial Intermediation Costs in Low-Income Countries : The Role of Regulatory, Institutional, and Macroeconomic Factors »

Volume/Issue: 2012/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503937.001

ISBN: 9781475503937

Keywords: Net Interest Margins, Low Income Countries, Emerging Economies, market concentration, banking, net interest margin, competition, bank entry

We analyze factors driving persistently higher financial intermediation costs in low-income countries (LICs) relative to emerging market (EMs) country comparators. Using the net interest margin as a proxy for finan...

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China

De-Monopolization toward Long-Term Prosperity in China »

Volume/Issue: 2012/75

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashvin Ahuja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502275.001

ISBN: 9781475502275

Keywords: Aggregate Productivity, monopoly, tfp, gdp per capita, competitive equilibrium, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth And Aggregate Productivity,

During the past decade, the average Chinese earns roughly 9 times less and is 10 times less productive than the average American at purchasing power parity. Current consensus attributes large differences in output...

Assessing Bank Competition within the East African Community

Assessing Bank Competition within the East African Community »

Volume/Issue: 2012/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sarah Sanya , and Matthew Gaertner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933173.001

ISBN: 9781463933173

Keywords: East African Community, H-statistic, Lerner Index, banking system, banking sector, Economic History: Financial Markets and Institutions: General, International, or Comparative, Market Structure And Pricing,

This paper is an empirical analysis of competitiveness in the banking system of four out of the five East African Community (EAC) countries2. The results show that the degree of competition is low due to a combinat...

Bank Competition and Financial Stability
			: A General Equilibrium Exposition

Bank Competition and Financial Stability : A General Equilibrium Exposition »

Volume/Issue: 2011/295

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcella Lucchetta , and Gianni De Nicolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463927295.001

ISBN: 9781463927295

Keywords: General Equilibrium, Bank Competition, competition, bank risk, market competition, banking

We study versions of a general equilibrium banking model with moral hazard under either constant or increasing returns to scale of the intermediation technology used by banks to screen and/or monitor borrowers. If...

Competition and Firm Productivity
			: Evidence from Firm-Level Data

Competition and Firm Productivity : Evidence from Firm-Level Data »

Volume/Issue: 2010/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Schiffbauer , and Sandra Ospina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982114.001

ISBN: 9781451982114

Keywords: regulation, entry costs, survey, correlation, instrumental variables, heteroscedasticity, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

This paper presents empirical evidence on the impact of competition on firm productivity. Using firm-level observations from the World Bank Enterprise Survey database, we find a positive and robust causal relations...

Competition in the Financial Sector
			: Overview of Competition Policies

Competition in the Financial Sector : Overview of Competition Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2009/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871937.001

ISBN: 9781451871937

Keywords: competition policy, contestability, stability, degree of competition, General Financial Markets: General (includes Measurement and Data), General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Market Structure, Firm Strategy, And Market Performance

As in other sectors, competition in finance matters for allocative, productive and dynamic efficiency. Theory suggests, however, that unfettered competition is not first best given the special features of finance....

Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization
			: The Case of Uruguay

Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067271.084

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

Uruguay has experienced a remarkable recovery since the 2002 crisis, supported by sound policies and favorable external conditions. With the framework put in place in 2002, Uruguay abandoned an exchange rate peg in...

Northern Star
			: Canada's Path to Economic Prosperity

Northern Star : Canada's Path to Economic Prosperity »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vladimir Klyuev , Martin Mühleisen , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066144.084

ISBN: 9781589066144

Keywords: Economic growth, Energy, Banking, Inflation targeting, pension, inflation, retirement, monetary policy, ld

Robust GDP growth, declining unemployment, low and stable inflation, and a string of fiscal and current account surpluses -- it's a record to be envied. These outcomes in Canada owe much to sound macroeconomic poli...

On the Buyability of Voting Bodies

On the Buyability of Voting Bodies »

Volume/Issue: 2007/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Felix Vardy , and John Morgan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867299.001

ISBN: 9781451867299

Keywords: Vote buying, lobbying, elections, voters, voting, voter, election,

We study vote buying by competing interest groups in a variety of electoral and contractual settings. While increasing the size of a voting body reduces its buyability in the absence of competition, we show that la...

Mexico
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program Update:  Technical Note:  Industrial Organization and Competition:  Pension System in Mexico

Mexico : Financial Sector Assessment Program Update: Technical Note: Industrial Organization and Competition: Pension System in Mexico »

Volume/Issue: 2007/164

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451825725.002

ISBN: 9781451825725

Keywords: pension, pension system, retirement

The technical note on Mexico's Financial Sector Assessment Program update analyzes that the private pension system's regulator in Mexico has introduced innovate rules. Mexico, as with many other countries in Latin...

Denmark
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Competition in the Banking Sector

Denmark : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Competition in the Banking Sector »

Volume/Issue: 2007/122

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451811193.002

ISBN: 9781451811193

Keywords: banking, banking sector, deposit insurance, concentration ratios

This technical note analyzes the competition in the banking sector in Denmark. It reveals that Denmark has a fairly competitive and efficient banking sector. Measured by various indicators, efficiency of banking in...

Italy-Assessing Competition and Efficiency in the Banking System

Italy-Assessing Competition and Efficiency in the Banking System »

Volume/Issue: 2007/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865905.001

ISBN: 9781451865905

Keywords: efficiency, merger, banking sector, mergers,

The paper assesses the degree of banking competition and efficiency in Italy?over time as well as compared to that in other countries, such as France, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The...

Banking Sector Integration and Competition in CEMAC

Banking Sector Integration and Competition in CEMAC »

Volume/Issue: 2007/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jérôme Vacher , and Samer Saab

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865677.001

ISBN: 9781451865677

Keywords: CEMAC, monetary union, banking sector integration, bank competition, banking, excess liquidity, banking sector, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium: Other, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

This paper considers the extent of retail banking integration in the Communauté Economique et Monétaire d'Afrique Centrale (CEMAC) and the level of bank competition at the regional level. Using a mix of quantitativ...

Bank Efficiency and Competition in Low-Income Countries
			: The Case of Uganda

Bank Efficiency and Competition in Low-Income Countries : The Case of Uganda »

Volume/Issue: 2005/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Hauner , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862591.001

ISBN: 9781451862591

Keywords: Efficiency, Data Envelopment Analysis, banking, banking system, banking sector, banking systems,

There is a concern that the state-dominated, inefficient, and fragile banking systems in many low-income countries, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, are a major hindrance to economic growth. This paper systematica...

Competition in Indian Banking

Competition in Indian Banking »

Volume/Issue: 2005/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861600.001

ISBN: 9781451861600

Keywords: Panzar-Rosse statistics, banking sector, banking system, banking industry,

It is widely perceived that competition in the Indian banking sector has increased since the inception of the financial sector reforms in 1992. Using annual data on scheduled commercial banks for the period 1996-20...

Competition and Efficiency in Banking
			: Behavioral Evidence from Ghana

Competition and Efficiency in Banking : Behavioral Evidence from Ghana »

Volume/Issue: 2005/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Johan Mathisen , and Thierry Buchs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860368.001

ISBN: 9781451860368

Keywords: banking competition, banking, banking sector, banking system, banking industry, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection,

This paper assesses the degree of bank competition and discusses efficiency with regard to banks' financial intermediation in Ghana. By applying panel data to variables derived from a theoretical model, we find evi...

GEM
			: A New International Macroeconomic Model

GEM : A New International Macroeconomic Model »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , Hamid Faruqee , Douglas Laxton , Philippe Karam , Alessandro Rebucci , Jaewoo Lee , Benjamin Hunt , and Ivan Tchakarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063754.084

ISBN: 9781589063754

Keywords: Economic models, inflation, monetary policy, aggregate demand, monetary fund, oil prices

Over the past two years, the IMF staff has been developing a new multicountry macroeconomic model called the Global Economy Model (GEM). This paper explains why such a model is needed, how GEM differs from its pred...

Quota Brokers

Quota Brokers »

Volume/Issue: 2004/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859065.001

ISBN: 9781451859065

Keywords: Quota licenses, middlemen, competition, standard deviation, perfect competition, simulation results, Market Structure and Pricing: General,

This paper examines the role of middlemen (brokers) in an imperfect secondary market for quota licenses. Middlemen facilitate trade when markets are thin, as potential buyers and sellers find it difficult to meet a...

What Are the Potential Economic Benefits of Enlarging the Gulf Cooperation Council?

What Are the Potential Economic Benefits of Enlarging the Gulf Cooperation Council? »

Volume/Issue: 2004/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Selim Elekdag , Saade Chami , and Ivan Tchakarov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857122.001

ISBN: 9781451857122

Keywords: IMF&;amp;#x2019;s Global Economy Model (GEM), economic integration, intermediate goods, elasticity of substitution, International Economic Order, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: Forecasting and Simulation,

This paper uses a variant of the IMF's Global Economy Model (GEM) to estimate the macroeconomic effects of Yemen's full accession into the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC). After calibrating the model to Yemen and th...

Pricing Debit Card Payment Services
			: An IO Approach

Pricing Debit Card Payment Services : An IO Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2003/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Tieman , and Wilko Bolt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874426.001

ISBN: 9781451874426

Keywords: Debit card payment systems, two-sided monopolistic pricing, social optimum, prices, pricing, payment systems, payments, monopoly, Market Structure, Firm Strategy

This paper presents a theoretical framework for analyzing pricing structures in debit card schemes featuring cardholders, retailers, their respective banks, and a network routing switch. The network routing switch...

Bank Risk-Taking and Competition Revisited

Bank Risk-Taking and Competition Revisited »

Volume/Issue: 2003/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianni De Nicolo , and John Boyd

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853810.001

ISBN: 9781451853810

Keywords: bank risk shifting, banking, deposit insurance, bank risk, bank markets, Bank risk-shifting,

This study reinvestigates the theoretical relationship between competition in banking and banks' exposure to risk of failure. There is a large existing literature that concludes that when banks are confronted with...

Consolidation and Market Structure in Emerging Market Banking Systems

Consolidation and Market Structure in Emerging Market Banking Systems »

Volume/Issue: 2002/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , and Jorge Roldos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859478.001

ISBN: 9781451859478

Keywords: market structure, Panzar and Rosse methodology, contestability, monopolistic competition, banking systems, monopoly, Oligopoly and Other Imperfect Markets, Economics of Regulation,

This paper examines the evolution of market structure in emerging market banking systems during the 1990s. While significant bank consolidation has been taking place in these countries, reflected in a sharp decline...

Bank Competition and Firm Creation

Bank Competition and Firm Creation »

Volume/Issue: 2001/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843910.001

ISBN: 9781451843910

Keywords: bank competition, banking industry, degree of competition, Asymmetric Information, Growth,

This paper investigates the empirical relationship between competition in the financial sector and the creation of firms in the non-financial sector. It finds that bank competition has an overall positive effect on...

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759429.084

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Since the early 1990s, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa have made significant progress in opening their economies to external competition through trade and currency liberalization. This paper analyzes trade and...

Domestic Competition, Cyclical Fluctuations, and Long-Run Growth in Hong Kong Sar

Domestic Competition, Cyclical Fluctuations, and Long-Run Growth in Hong Kong Sar »

Volume/Issue: 2000/142

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eric Zitzewitz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856248.001

ISBN: 9781451856248

Keywords: Markups, competitiveness, cyclical fluctuations, growth, imperfect competition, transport equipment, intensity of competition, factor shares

This paper provides an empirical assessment of the degree of competition in Hong Kong SAR using industry-level data. Although due to data limitations only approximate measures of competitiveness can be estimated, t...

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

People's Republic of China-Hong Kong Special Administrative Region : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2000/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451816891.002

ISBN: 9781451816891

Keywords: competition, imperfect competition, transport equipment, intensity of competition, factor shares

This study estimates quantitative, industry-level measures of the intensity of competition and also discusses various methodologies and data used for measuring competition. The following data are also included in t...

Sources of Contagion
			: Finance or Trade?

Sources of Contagion : Finance or Trade? »

Volume/Issue: 1999/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856620.001

ISBN: 9781451856620

Keywords: Contagion, currency crisis, financial spillovers, competition, financial contagion

This paper presents evidence that spillovers through bank lending, as opposed to trade linkages and country characteristics, can help explain contagion. We construct a measure of competition for bank funds and find...

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets

How Intensive Is Competition in the Emerging Markets? An Analysis of Corporate Rates of Return from Nine Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 1999/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ajit Singh , Rudolph Matthias , and Jack Glen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845099.001

ISBN: 9781451845099

Keywords: Corporate Rates of Return, Intensity of Competition, Emerging Markets, standard deviation, equation, statistic

This large empirical study of corporate profitability in emerging markets during the 1980s and 1990s measures the intensity of competition. Data on corporate rates of return, profit margins, and output-capital rati...

Australia
			: Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757326.071

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

Australia's recent economic performance has been impressive. It has experienced steady growth since the early 1990s and inflation has averaged just 2 percent over the same period. This strong showing marks a depart...

Privatization and Public Enterprises

Privatization and Public Enterprises »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Richard Hemming , and Ali Mansoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750051.084

ISBN: 9781557750051

Keywords: Privatization

...

Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry

Asymmetric Information and the Market Structure of the Banking Industry »

Volume/Issue: 1998/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451951547.001

ISBN: 9781451951547

Keywords: Loan Market, Barriers to Entry, Spatial Competition, competition, banking, banking industry, barrier to entry, mergers

The paper analyzes the effects of informational asymmetries on the market structure of the banking industry in a multi-period model of spatial competition. All lenders face uncertainty with regard to borrowers&#x20...

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries »

Volume/Issue: 1998/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850727.001

ISBN: 9781451850727

Keywords: Trade Discipline, European Economic Integration, Market Structure, Markups, import penetration, competition, import competition, world price, imperfect competition

This paper examines the effects of intensified international competition on industry profits in six European Union (EU) countries. The paper uses two methods to estimate industry profits. The traditional method use...

The Impact of the European Community's internal Market on the EFTA
			: Occa Paper No.74

The Impact of the European Community's internal Market on the EFTA : Occa Paper No.74 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557751744.084

ISBN: 9781557751744

...