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How to Check Integrity of Fiscal Data

How to Check Integrity of Fiscal Data »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Pokar Khemani , and Benoit Wiest

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475546736.061

ISBN: 9781475546736

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa, Nicaragua, Malawi, Fiscal transparency, Public financial management, Western Hemisphere, Fiscal reporting, international standards, government financial statistics, data

The accuracy and reliability of government accounts and fiscal data is an issue in a number of countries, with significant and persistent discrepancies that can indicate underlying weaknesses in the country's publi...

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wenyi Shen , Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513578972.001

ISBN: 9781513578972

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Low-income Countries, Public Investment, Fiscal Multipliers, Small Open DSGE Models, Aid, investment, government spending, exchange rate, exchange

Despite the voluminous literature on fiscal policy, very few papers focus on low-income countries (LICs). This paper develops a new-Keynesian small open economy model to show, analytically and through simulations,...

Fair Play
			: More Equal Laws Boost Female Labor Force Participation

Fair Play : More Equal Laws Boost Female Labor Force Participation »

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Christian Gonzales , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , and Monique Newiak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498354424.006

ISBN: 9781498354424

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender equality, Women, female labor force participation, gender equity, legal rights, gender, labor force, female labor, Participación en la fuerza laboral;Mujeres;Igualdad de género;Mercados de trabajo;Reformas del mercado laboral;Aspectos económicos de la familia;Análisis entre países

This Staff Discussion Note examines the effect of gender-based legal restrictions and other policy choices and demographic characteristics on female labor force participation. Drawing on a large and novel panel dat...

Evidence on Productivity, Comparative Advantage, and Networks in the Export Performance of Firms

Evidence on Productivity, Comparative Advantage, and Networks in the Export Performance of Firms »

Volume/Issue: 2011/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Ricci , and Federico Trionfetti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455227020.001

ISBN: 9781455227020

Keywords: Heckscher-Ohlin, new-new trade theory, firms&;amp;#x2019; export probability, networks, probability, international trade, survey, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper tests the effect of comparative advantage, size, and networking on the firm probability of exporting. The closest theoretical framework is the one of Bernard, Redding, and Schott (2007), with firm hetero...

Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2009
			: Fighting the Global Crisis

Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2009 : Fighting the Global Crisis »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2009

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068841.011

ISBN: 9781589068841

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

The IMF's 2009 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2009, which covers the period from May 1, 2008, thr...

Trade Openness and Volatility

Trade Openness and Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2008/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , and Julian Di Giovanni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870046.001

ISBN: 9781451870046

Keywords: Output Volatility, Specialization, Comovement, Sector-Level Data, trade openness, aggregate volatility, correlation, equation, output growth,

This paper examines the mechanisms through which output volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel dataset of manufacturing production and trade. The main results are threefold. First, se...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, No. 1

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, No. 1 »

Volume: 51

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063228.024

ISBN: 9781589063228

Keywords: expenditure, bribe, government expenditure, bribes, Banks and banking, Special Drawing Rights (SDR), Capital Stock, Cointegration, Demand (economic Theory), Empirical Methods

This first issue of Volume 51 for 2004 includes a new paper by Peter B. Clark and Jacques J. Polak, along with a tribute from the Editor to Mr. Polak in honor of his 90th birthday. This issue also launches a new fe...

IMF Research Bulletin, December 2003

IMF Research Bulletin, December 2003 »

Volume/Issue: 4/4

Series: IMF Research Bulletin

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451927450.026

ISBN: 9781451927450

Keywords: commodity, commodity prices, trade shocks, exchange rate, real exchange, Commodities. Prices,

The IMF Research Bulletin, a quarterly publication, selectively summarizes research and analytical work done by various departments at the IMF, and also provides a listing of research documents and other research-r...

How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending

How Useful Are Benefit Incidence Analyses of Public Education and Health Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2003/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erwin Tiongson , Hamid Davoodi , and Sawitree Asawanuchit

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451875430.001

ISBN: 9781451875430

Keywords: benefit incidence, public spending on education and health, targeting, progressivity, health spending, health care, public spending, incidence of public spending, National Government Expenditures and Health, National Government Expenditures and Education,

This paper provides a primer on benefit incidence analysis (BIA) for macroeconomists and a new data set on the benefit incidence of education and health spending covering 56 countries over 1960-2000, representing a...

Interest Rates, Credit Rationing, and Investment in Developing Countries

Interest Rates, Credit Rationing, and Investment in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2003/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mwanza Nkusu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848441.001

ISBN: 9781451848441

Keywords: institutions, bank loans, macroeconomic stability, inflation, bank credit, banking, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development,

This paper examines the impact of interest rates and inflation on bank loans and investment within a framework that mimics the financial sectors prevailing in most low-income developing countries. The paper emphasi...

User Payments for Basic Education in Low-Income Countries

User Payments for Basic Education in Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eva Jenkner , and Arye Hillman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859270.001

ISBN: 9781451859270

Keywords: Government expenditure and education, primary education, schooling, school enrollment, primary schools, educational attainment, National Government Expenditures and Education,

Insufficient resources and inadequate public expenditure management often prevent governments in low-income countries from providing quality basic education free of charge. User payments by parents are an alternati...

How Volatile and Unpredictable Are Aid Flows, and What Are the Policy Implications?

How Volatile and Unpredictable Are Aid Flows, and What Are the Policy Implications? »

Volume/Issue: 2001/167

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. Hamann , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858181.001

ISBN: 9781451858181

Keywords: external aid, volatility, predictability, IMF-supported programs, correlation, prediction, aid flows,

This paper examines empirical evidence on the volatility and uncertainty of aid flows, and the main policy implications. Aid is found to be more volatile than fiscal revenues- particularly in highly aid-dependent c...

Government Pay Policies and Structural Adjustment

Government Pay Policies and Structural Adjustment »

Volume/Issue: 1988/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451958461.001

ISBN: 9781451958461

Keywords: salary, salaries, compensation, benefits, government pay

The paper provides an overview of the main elements of pay systems that are typically used to remunerate government employees and, with reference to the experience of developed and developing countries, discusses s...