Browse

You are looking at 1 - 32 of 32 items :

  • Type: Books and Journals x
  • Western Hemisphere x
  • Asia and the Pacific x
  • Business and Economy x
Clear All Modify Search
Two Targets, Two Instruments
			: Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies

Two Targets, Two Instruments : Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2012/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503623.006

ISBN: 9781475503623

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate policy, Central banks, Inflation targeting, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, foreign exchange

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Cross-Cutting Themes in Employment Experiences during the Crisis

Cross-Cutting Themes in Employment Experiences during the Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2010/18

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis , Francis Vitek , Mwanza Nkusu , Reginald Darius , Alun Thomas , and Edouard Vidon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462357604.004

ISBN: 9781462357604

Keywords: Economic recession, Employment, External shocks, Financial crisis, Cross country analysis, Labor market policy, Labor markets, Korea, Republic of, Mexico, New Zealand

The human cost of the recent global crisis is reflected in its impact on the labor market. Explaining why economies with similar downturns had very different employment trends can help design policies to reduce suc...

Approaches to Corporate Debt Restructuring in the Wake of Financial Crises

Approaches to Corporate Debt Restructuring in the Wake of Financial Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2010/02

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Thomas Laryea

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384846.004

ISBN: 9781462384846

Keywords: Corporate sector, Corporate governance, Debt strategy, Debt restructuring, Debt restructuring, Bankruptcy, Banking sector, Bank restructuring, Asset management, Financial crisis

This paper starts from a discussion of the economic case for moderated government intervention in debt restructuring in the nonfinancial corporate sector. It then draws on lessons from past crises to explain three...

Transición hacia un tipo de cambio flexible ¿Cómo, cuándo y a qué ritmo?
			:

Transición hacia un tipo de cambio flexible ¿Cómo, cuándo y a qué ritmo? : »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Rupa Duttagupta , Cem Karacadag , and Gilda Fernandez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2006

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065406.051

ISBN: 9781589065406

Un número creciente de países están adoptando regímenes de tipo de cambio flexible porque la flexibilidad ofrece mayor protección frente a shocks externos y una mayor independencia monetaria. Otros países han atrav...

Adopter un taux de change flexible Comment, quand et dans quels délais?
			: How, When, and How Fast?

Adopter un taux de change flexible Comment, quand et dans quels délais? : How, When, and How Fast? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Cem Karacadag , Gilda Fernandez , and Rupa Duttagupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2006

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065390.051

ISBN: 9781589065390

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange market, monetary policy, exchange rate flexibility, exchange rate risk, exchange rate regime, flexible exchange rate

A growing number of countries are adopting flexible exchange rate regimes because flexibility offers more protection against external shocks and greater monetary independence. Other countries have made the transiti...

Preserving Financial Stability

Preserving Financial Stability »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063563.051

ISBN: 9781589063563

Keywords: Financial risk, Financial stability, financial stability, financial system, financial institutions, financial markets, financial services

Spurred by advances in information and computer technologies, financial liberalization and innovation took off inthe late 1970s. Although the changes in financial markets have been beneficial overall, our understan...

Reforma financiera
			:  ¿Qué factores la afectan y qué otros le dan forma?

Reforma financiera : ¿Qué factores la afectan y qué otros le dan forma? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Abdul Abiad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 2005

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064836.051

ISBN: 9781589064836

La liberalización del sector financiero ocupó un lugar destacado en la agenda de trabajo de las autoridades de política económica durante el último cuarto del siglo XX. Pero ha habido diferencias significativas en...

Dollars, Debt, and Deficits
			: Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064539.072

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

This book examines the challenges facing the international monetary and financial system, as well as the future role of the Bretton Woods institutions in addressing those challenges. The volume is based on the proc...

Primary Dealers in Government Securities

Primary Dealers in Government Securities »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Marco Arnone , and Piero Ugolini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063792.058

ISBN: 9781589063792

Keywords: Securities regulations, government securities, central bank, securities market, government securities market, open market operations

In the past 10 years a growing number of countries have established or began establishing a primary dealer system. This paper discusses the role of primary dealers, as well as theoretical, operational, and technica...

Cómo se gobierna el FMI
			:  Toma de decisiones, control institucional, transparencia y rendicion de cuentas

Cómo se gobierna el FMI : Toma de decisiones, control institucional, transparencia y rendicion de cuentas »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 October 2003

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063037.054

ISBN: 9781589063037

El autor -quien ocupó un alto cargo en el FMI durante dos décadas- en primer lugar centra la atención en el sistema de cuotas y la distribución del poder de voto en el FMI y concluye que se requieren reformas para...

Reestructuración del sector empresarial
			:  La función del gobierno en épocas de crisis

Reestructuración del sector empresarial : La función del gobierno en épocas de crisis »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 2003

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061989.051

ISBN: 9781589061989

Examina las etapas del proceso de reestructuración del sector empresarial. La reestructuración a gran escala del sector empresarial que resulta necesaria como consecuencia de una crisis financiera es uno de los des...

Fiscal Vulnerability and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies

Fiscal Vulnerability and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Richard Hemming , Axel Schimmelpfennig , and Michael Kell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061965.084

ISBN: 9781589061965

Keywords: Emerging markets, fiscal variables, public debt, currency crises, fiscal policy, external debt

Fiscal problems have long been considered a central feature of financial--that is, currency, debt, and banking--crises. This paper addresses four questions: What are the fiscal causes of crises? Which fiscal vulner...

Dimensiones fiscales del desarrollo sostenible

Dimensiones fiscales del desarrollo sostenible »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2002

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061613.054

ISBN: 9781589061613

La política fiscal influye en el desarrollo sostenible a través de sus efectos en el crecimiento, el medio ambiente y el desarrollo de los recursos naturales. ¿Qué relaciones existen entre la política fiscal y el d...

Aspects budgétaires du développement durable
			: Le Sommet mondial sur le développement durable

Aspects budgétaires du développement durable : Le Sommet mondial sur le développement durable »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2002

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061606.054

ISBN: 9781589061606

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure, primary education, forest, health care, government expenditure, government spending

Fiscal policy affects sustainable development through its effects on growth, the environment, and resource development. What are the relationships between fiscal policy and sustainable development, and how does the...

Corporate Sector Restructuring
			: The Role of Government in Times of Crisis

Corporate Sector Restructuring : The Role of Government in Times of Crisis »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060951.051

ISBN: 9781589060951

Keywords: restructuring, debt restructuring, debt, asset management, loans

Examines the steps involved in restructuring the corporate sector. Large-scale corporate restructuring made necessary by a financial crisis is one of the most daunting challenges faced by economic policymakers. The...

IMF-Supported Programs in Capital Account Crises
			: Design and Experience

IMF-Supported Programs in Capital Account Crises : Design and Experience »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Atish Ghosh , Alex Mourmouras , A. Hamann , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060821.084

ISBN: 9781589060821

Keywords: Capital flows, Financial sector, capital outflows, current account, private capital flows, capital inflows

...

L'art difficile de prévoir les crises économiques

L'art difficile de prévoir les crises économiques »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , and Andrew Berg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 February 2001

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758859.051

ISBN: 9781557758859

Keywords: early warning, warning system, early warning system, financial markets, currency crises, international reserves, international financial markets, overvaluation, financial institutions, real exchange rate overvaluation

The integration of financial markets around the world over the past decade has posed new challenges for policymakers. The speed with which money can be switched in and out of currencies and countries has increased...

Large-Scale Post-Crisis Corporate Sector Restructuring

Large-Scale Post-Crisis Corporate Sector Restructuring »

Volume/Issue: 2000/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971538.003

ISBN: 9781451971538

Keywords: Corporate sector, Financial crisis, Financial crises, Corporate restructuring, Financial restructuring, restructuring, recapitalization, debt restructuring, bank restructuring

This paper summarizes the objectives, tasks, and modalities of large-scale, post-crisis corporate restructuring based on nine recent episodes with a view to organizing the policy choices and drawing some general co...

Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems
			: The Role of Early Warning Systems

Anticipating Balance of Payments Crises--The Role of Early Warning Systems : The Role of Early Warning Systems »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Catherine Pattillo , Andrew Berg , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Eduardo Borensztein

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758286.084

ISBN: 9781557758286

Keywords: currency crises, probability, balance of payments, contagion, currency crisis

Recent years have witnessed an increase in the frequency of currency and balance of payments crises in developing countries. More important, the crises have become more virulent, have caused widespread disruption t...

Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia
			: Some Lessons from International Experience

Corporate Debt Restructuring in East Asia : Some Lessons from International Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1998/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451968729.003

ISBN: 9781451968729

Keywords: Debt, Debt restructuring, Asia, Malaysia, Korea, Republic of, Indonesia, Thailand, East Asia, corporate debt, corporate restructuring

This paper summarizes some lessons from international experience for corporate debt restructuring in east Asia. Basic principles of debt restructuring are described, the experiences of Mexico, Chile, the United Kin...

Exit Strategies
			: Policy Options for Countries Seeking Exchange Rate Flexibility

Exit Strategies : Policy Options for Countries Seeking Exchange Rate Flexibility »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , Inci Ötker , A. Hamann , Esteban Jadresic , R. Johnston , Hugh Bredenkamp , and Paul Masson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757340.084

ISBN: 9781557757340

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, exchange rate regime, monetary policy, monetary fund

In a world of increasing capital mobility and broadening and more diversified trade, many (but not all) developing and transition economies are likely to find it desirable to move from relatively fixed exchange rat...

Transformations to Open Market Operations
			: Developing Countries and Emerging Markets

Transformations to Open Market Operations : Developing Countries and Emerging Markets »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756275.051

ISBN: 9781557756275

Keywords: central bank, open market operations, monetary policy, government securities, reserve requirements

Open market operations are the major instruments of monetary control in industrial countries and are becoming important in developing countriesand countries in transition. This paper shows how open market operation...

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755599.084

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This study examines the links between adjustment policies and growth in a small group of developing countries- Bangladesh, Chile, Ghana, India, Mexico, Morocco, Senegal, and Thailand - during 1970 -93. It provides...

Capital Flows in the APEC Region

Capital Flows in the APEC Region »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754660.084

ISBN: 9781557754660

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, bond, bonds, bond issues

The developing economies of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) have been the recipients of a considerable volume of capital inflows in the 1990s. Given the increased integration of capital markets, it is...

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754899.084

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

This paper examines the experience of implementing indirect instruments of monetary policy. The experiences of country studies illustrate the variety of circumstances under which indirect instruments of monetary po...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1995

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1995 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451944990.011

ISBN: 9781451944990

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, inflation, balance of payments

The Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during any given year. There are five chapters: (1) Overview, (2) Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets, (3)...

Emerging Equity Markets
			: Growth, Benefits, and Policy Concerns

Emerging Equity Markets : Growth, Benefits, and Policy Concerns »

Volume/Issue: 1994/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Kumar , and Robert Feldman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971217.003

ISBN: 9781451971217

Keywords: Monetary policy, equity markets, stock market, capital inflows, equity prices, stock markets

Since the mid-1980s, there has been a very substantial increase in stock market activity in many developing countries. This paper first examines the main characteristics of the emerging stock markets, and illustrat...

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753502.084

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

This paper explores the experience of six countries (Chile, Colombia, Egypt, Mexico, Spain and Thailand) with capital inflows. It illustrates that although capital inflows are usually beneficial, too great an inflo...

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Recent Experience

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries : Lessons from Recent Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1993/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971187.003

ISBN: 9781451971187

Keywords: debt reduction, debt restructuring, bank debt, debt service, debt service reduction

A number of developing countries, including some of the largest debtors, have recently completed comprehensive debt and debt service restructuring packages with their commercial bank creditors. The experience of th...

International Capital Markets
			: Developments and Prospects

International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , Eliot Kalter , Maxwell Watson , and G. Kincaid

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934591.084

ISBN: 9780939934591

Keywords: bond, bonds, claims, bond issues, international capital markets

This paper provides a description and analysis of recent developments in international capital markets and an assessment of the prospects for private financing flows....

Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties

Export Credit Cover Policies and Payments Difficulties »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Chanpen Puckahtikom , and Eduard Brau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934492.084

ISBN: 9780939934492

Keywords: export credit, export credit agencies, debtor countries, export credits, debtor country

In the current environment of payments difficulties, a principal role of the Fund remains the encouragement and support of timely adjustment policies of member countries....

Foreign Private Investment in Developing Countries

Foreign Private Investment in Developing Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750662.084

ISBN: 9781557750662

Keywords: direct investment, foreign investment, foreign direct investment, industrial countries, foreign ownership

Since the early 1970s foreign direct and portfolio equity investment flows into developing countries, although continuing to increase in absolute terms, have been relatively less important than in previous years, a...