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Transforming Non-Renewable Resource Economies (NREs)

Transforming Non-Renewable Resource Economies (NREs) »

Volume/Issue: 2015/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bill Battaile , and Saurabh Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513573571.001

ISBN: 9781513573571

Keywords: resource curse, diversification, income, productivity, gdp, development, Global Outlook, General,

This paper provides an empirical benchmarking of growth, productivity and export patterns for developing NREs against other low and middle income developing countries, to inform policy discussions and future analyt...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2014
			: From stabilization to sustainable growth

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2014 : From stabilization to sustainable growth »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498315357.011

ISBN: 9781498315357

Keywords: Annual reports, Administrative and Capital budgets, Bilateral surveillance, External training programs, Executive Board, Financial sector surveillance, IMF, IMF Finance, IMF Lending, Fund budget

Seven years after the onset of the global financial crisis, the world still has a way to go to secure a sustainable recovery marked by strong growth that supports rapid job creation and benefits all, International...

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398241.001

ISBN: 9781484398241

Keywords: Education expenditure, efficiency, hybrid, developing economies, emerging economies, education spending, expenditure, educational outcomes, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

The measurement of the efficiency of public education expenditure using parametric and non-parametric methods has proven challenging. This paper seeks to overcome the difficulties of earlier studies by using a hybr...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350024.044

ISBN: 9781616350024

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, direct investment, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

A Public Financial Management Framework for Resources-Producing Countries

A Public Financial Management Framework for Resources-Producing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/72

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Luc Hélis , and Teresa Daban Sanchez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451982152.001

ISBN: 9781451982152

Keywords: Resource revenue management, resource curse, accountability, resource-producing countries, budget law, budget process, budget documents, annual budget, fiscal policy, Macroeconomic Policy

This working paper overviews the challenges posed by resource revenues management and the policy prescriptions to meet them, and focuses on the Public Financial Management (PFM) framework and reforms that resource-...

Exchange Rate Choices of Microstates

Exchange Rate Choices of Microstates »

Volume/Issue: 2010/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962000.001

ISBN: 9781451962000

Keywords: Micro-states, Currency board, Fixed exchange rate, Geweke- Hajivassiliou-Keane Multivariate Simulator, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, Geweke-hajivassiliou-keane Multivariate Simulator,

In this paper we first explain why most microstates (countries with less than 2 million inhabitants) have gained independence only in the last 30 years. Despite the higher costs and risks microstates face, their ab...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068728.044

ISBN: 9781589068728

Keywords: liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, equity securities, money market, money market instruments, debt securities, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs

Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2009/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873641.001

ISBN: 9781451873641

Keywords: decision point, enhanced HIPC Initiative, IMF-supported program, debt ratio, debt service, debt ratios, concessional debt,

Exclusion restrictions used to identify demand and supply relationships for market financing among IDA recipients (past and present) show that poor credit ratings and high political instability adversely impact the...

Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund
			: Some Policy and Operational Considerations

Setting Up a Sovereign Wealth Fund : Some Policy and Operational Considerations »

Volume/Issue: 2009/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Mulder , Amadou Sy , Yinqiu Lu , and Udaibir Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873269.001

ISBN: 9781451873269

Keywords: Sovereign wealth fund, SWF&;amp;#x2019;s policy objective, central bank, monetary fund, balance of payments, currency composition, external debt, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General

This paper offers a policy and operational "roadmap" to policymakers considering setting up an SWF. It should also be of interest to policymakers in countries where SWFs are already in place, to review their existi...

Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies
			: Stylized Facts and Policy Options

Developing Essential Financial Markets in Smaller Economies : Stylized Facts and Policy Options »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067752.084

ISBN: 9781589067752

Keywords: Banking systems, Central bank policy, Financial sector, Small states, Stock markets, foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, equity markets, stock exchange

This paper surveys the foreign exchange markets, money and secondary government security markets, and stock exchanges in 107 smaller economy countries. The underdevelopment of these markets impedes risk transfer, m...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2008

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2008 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067530.044

ISBN: 9781589067530

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of Payments Statistics Publication, liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, direct investment, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007) »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590692.069

ISBN: 9781475590692

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries

The Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency applies the principles of the revised IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (‘the Code') to the unique set of transparency problems faced by countries that der...

Mauritius
			: 2008 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mauritius

Mauritius : 2008 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mauritius »

Volume/Issue: 2008/238

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451827866.002

ISBN: 9781451827866

Keywords: debt, interest, external debt, public sector, interest rate

This 2008 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic growth in Mauritius is responding to structural reform efforts. Tax reform, together with improvements in the business environment and investment initiativ...

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States

Big Government, High Debt, and Fiscal Adjustment in Small States »

Volume/Issue: 2008/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rui Ota , and Stephanie Medina Cas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869019.001

ISBN: 9781451869019

Keywords: Government size, fiscal adjustment, external debt, external public debt,

Using a new fiscal dataset for small states, this paper analyzes the link between country size, government size, debt, and economic performance. It finds that on average small states have larger governments and hig...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2007

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2007 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066564.044

ISBN: 9781589066564

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities, money market

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007) »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064638.069

ISBN: 9781589064638

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries

The Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency applies the principles of the revised IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (‘the Code') to the unique set of transparency problems faced by countries that der...

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451937107.041

ISBN: 9781451937107

Keywords: claims, financial derivatives, commercial banks, deposit rate, money market, financial corporations, foreign currency, money market rate, discount rate, financial assets

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics, March 2007 Quarterly

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics, March 2007 Quarterly »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451937039.041

ISBN: 9781451937039

Keywords: claims, financial derivatives, commercial banks, deposit rate, money market, financial corporations, foreign currency, money market rate, discount rate, financial assets

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2006

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2006 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065789.044

ISBN: 9781589065789

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts

Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts »

Volume/Issue: 2006/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Azim Sadikov , Hans Lankes , Dustin Smith , Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864632.001

ISBN: 9781451864632

Keywords: Doha Round, trade policy, trade liberalization, tariff revenue, tariff cuts, tariff lines, Trade Policy. Doha Round,

The paper contributes to the discussion about the revenue implications of trade reform by assessing the approximate fiscal revenue impact of different liberalization formulae under consideration in multilateral tra...

Spending Seigniorage
			: Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem?

Spending Seigniorage : Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863185.001

ISBN: 9781451863185

Keywords: seigniorage, expenditures, central bank, reserve accumulation, currency composition, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews how central banks allocate seigniorage, based on systematic crosscountry comparisons of their financial accounts. Central banks are classified as weak or strong, depending upon their structural p...

How Does Trade Openness Influence Budget Deficits in Developing Countries?

How Does Trade Openness Influence Budget Deficits in Developing Countries? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Louis Combes , and Tahsin Saadi-Sedik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862638.001

ISBN: 9781451862638

Keywords: Trade openness, Natural openness, Budget balances, Terms of trade instability, GMM-system, government revenue, National Deficit Surplus, International Economic Order, Term-of-trade Instability,

This paper analyzes the effects of trade openness on budget balances by distinguishing the effects of natural openness from those of trade-policy induced openness. Using the GMMsystem estimator, the econometric ana...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2005

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2005 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064607.044

ISBN: 9781589064607

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities, money market

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Guidelines for Foreign Exchange Reserve Management
			: Accompanying Document and Case Studies

Guidelines for Foreign Exchange Reserve Management : Accompanying Document and Case Studies »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062610.069

ISBN: 9781589062610

Keywords: reserve management, foreign exchange, central bank, exchange reserves, foreign exchange reserves

This accompanying document to the Guidelines for Foreign Exchange Reserve Management, which the IMF published in 2004, presents case studies prepared by reserve management entities in 20 countries. These sample cas...

Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility

Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2005/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Epaulard , and Aude Pommeret

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860863.001

ISBN: 9781451860863

Keywords: Risk-sharing, Endogenous Growth, Stochastic Growth, global financial markets, financial markets, foreign assets, General Aggregative Models: Neoclassical, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the welfare gains from financial integration for developing and emerging market economies. To do so, we build a stochastic endogenous growth model for a small open economy that...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2004

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2004 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063822.044

ISBN: 9781589063822

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Russia and the WTO
			: The "Gravity" of Outsider Status

Russia and the WTO : The "Gravity" of Outsider Status »

Volume/Issue: 2004/159

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yaroslav Lissovolik , and Bogdan Lissovolik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857702.001

ISBN: 9781451857702

Keywords: WTO, gravity model, Russia, dummy variable, trade restrictions, trading partners, statistics, import duties, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Environment,

With China's accession to the WTO in 2001, Russia is by far that organization's most prominent nonmember. This paper applies the gravity model to gauge whether this "outsider" status has been affecting Russia's exp...

Foreign Bank Supervision and Challenges to Emerging Market Supervisors

Foreign Bank Supervision and Challenges to Emerging Market Supervisors »

Volume/Issue: 2004/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850475.001

ISBN: 9781451850475

Keywords: Foreign Bank, Financial Regulation, banking, foreign banks, banking supervisors, consolidated supervision, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services, Regulation and Business Law,

The increased presence of foreign banks in a country's domestic banking system necessitates the development of effective cross-border prudential supervision where the consolidated supervision is the essential eleme...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2003

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2003 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062696.043

ISBN: 9781589062696

Keywords: liabilities, taxes, loans, financial derivatives, financial assets, social security, financial corporations, interest, benefits, public debt

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2003

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2003 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062689.044

ISBN: 9781589062689

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, direct investment, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS

Welfare Implications of HIV/AIDS »

Volume/Issue: 2003/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Markus Haacker , and N. Crafts

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854107.001

ISBN: 9781451854107

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, value of statistical life, life expectancy, mortality rates, hiv, prevalence rate, Health: General, Welfare and Poverty: General, General Welfare, Economic Development: General,

The paper evaluates the impact of HIV/AIDS on welfare in several countries affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Unlike studies focusing on the impact of HIV/AIDS on GDP per capita, we evaluate the impact of increased...

Fiscal Deficits and Inflation

Fiscal Deficits and Inflation »

Volume/Issue: 2003/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luis Catão , and Marco Terrones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848700.001

ISBN: 9781451848700

Keywords: Macroeconomic Stabilization, price inflation, monetary policy, inflation tax, low inflation, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General,

Macroeconomic theory postulates that fiscal deficits cause inflation. Yet empirical research has had limited success in uncovering this relationship. This paper reexamines the issue in light of broader data and a n...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2002

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2002 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061842.044

ISBN: 9781589061842

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

International Financial Integration and Economic Growth

International Financial Integration and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2002/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torsten Sloek , Hali Edison , Luca Ricci , and Ross Levine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856552.001

ISBN: 9781451856552

Keywords: Portfolio Investment, Developing Countries, capital flows, capital inflows, international financial, international financial integration, financial integration, Portfolio Investment And Developing Countries,

This paper uses new data and new econometric techniques to investigate the impact of international financial integration on economic growth and also to assess whether this relationship depends on the level of econo...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758989.012

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

The exchange and trade systems of IMF member countries are presented in this comprehensive volume in a tabular format. There is expanded coverage of the regulatory framework for capital movements. The information g...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 1999

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 1999 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758187.044

ISBN: 9781557758187

Keywords: payments, liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, bonds, debt securities, financial derivatives, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1999

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1999 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942804.012

ISBN: 9781451942804

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

The exchange and trade systems of IMF member countries are presented in this comprehensive volume in a tabular format. There is expanded coverage of the regulatory framework for capital movements. The information g...

The External Wealth of Nations
			: Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries

The External Wealth of Nations : Measures of Foreign Assets and Liabilities for Industrial and Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1999/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Philip Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853841.001

ISBN: 9781451853841

Keywords: foreign assets, external debt, foreign direct investment, equity flows, debt, liabilities, fdi

Capital flows are closely monitored, but surprisingly little is known about the stocks of external assets and liabilities held by countries, especially in the developing world. This paper constructs estimates of fo...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1998

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1998 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757449.012

ISBN: 9781557757449

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, exchange control, forward exchange, foreign investment

The exchange and trade systems of 184 IMF member countries are presented in this comprehensive volume in a tabular format. There is expanded coverage of the regulatory framework for capital movements. The informati...

Credibility Without Rules

Credibility Without Rules »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Curzio Giannini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756442.084

ISBN: 9781557756442

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regime, inflation, central bank, monetary policy

During the last 25 years, monetary practice in most countries has increasingly been characterized by the attempt to achieve credibility of purpose while expanding the freedom of monetary authorities in controlling...

Policy towards Commodity Shocks in Developing Countries

Policy towards Commodity Shocks in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1996/84

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jan Gunning , and Paul Collier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850598.001

ISBN: 9781451850598

Keywords: taxation, central bank, inflation, public expenditure

On the basis of a comparative study of 23 episodes involving commodity price shocks we find that both the public and private sectors typically save around half of a windfall gain resulting from a price rise. We arg...

Tuition Subsidies in a Model of Economic Growth

Tuition Subsidies in a Model of Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 1994/100

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Gerson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852332.001

ISBN: 9781451852332

Keywords: subsidy, education sector, subsidies, educational attainment, educational subsidies

This paper examines a two-sector aggregative growth model with human capital and educated unemployment. In the model, a tuition subsidy may lead to a long-run decline in the educated fraction of the population, bec...

The IMF and Tax Reform

The IMF and Tax Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1990/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451977325.001

ISBN: 9781451977325

Keywords: taxation, tax reform, tax system, level of taxation, tax systems

The paper deals with the activities of Fund staff with taxation. It is made up of four parts. Part I outlines the connection between Fund major activities and taxation. Part II surveys general influences on Fund st...

Government Expenditure and Economic Growth
			: An Empirical Investigation

Government Expenditure and Economic Growth : An Empirical Investigation »

Volume/Issue: 1989/45

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974157.001

ISBN: 9781451974157

Keywords: expenditure, economic growth, growth rate, expenditures, capital expenditure

This paper examines the empirical evidence on the contribution that government and, in particular, capital expenditure make to the growth performance of a sample of developing countries. Using the Denison growth ac...

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks

Commodity Markets and the International Transmission of Fiscal Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 1988/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451947724.001

ISBN: 9781451947724

Keywords: exchange rate, terms of trade, real exchange rate, commodity exporters, commodity prices

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...