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A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?

A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Amine Hammadi , Marshall Mills , Nelson Sobrinho , Vimal Thakoor , and Ricardo Velloso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354872.001

ISBN: 9781484354872

Keywords: Zambia, Zimbabwe, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) tend to lag those in most other regions in terms of governance and perceptions of corruption. Weak governance undermines economic performance through various channels, includin...

Lessons for Effective  Fiscal Decentralization in  Sub-Saharan Africa

Lessons for Effective Fiscal Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2018/10

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Vina Nguyen , Salvatore Dell'Erba , and Edgardo Ruggiero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484358269.087

ISBN: 9781484358269

Keywords: Kenya, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius

Fiscal decentralization is becoming a pressing issue in a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa, reflecting demands for a greater local voice in spending decisions and efforts to strengthen social cohesion. Aga...

Public Investment Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Public Investment Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2018/9

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Karim Barhoumi , Ha Vu , Shirin Nikaein Towfighian , and Rodolfo Maino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484360019.087

ISBN: 9781484360019

Keywords: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti

There is significant room to improve public investment efficiency in sub-Saharan Africa. Investment in sub-Saharan African countries is lagging vis-à-vis peers such as emerging and developing Asia as well as Latin...

Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2017/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen , Taz Chaponda , Lesley Fisher , and Rohini Ray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314203.001

ISBN: 9781484314203

Keywords: Zambia, Congo, Republic of, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Togo, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland, Sub-Saharan Africa

More than 15 years ago, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa embarked on a program of budgetary reform, an important element of which was a medium-term budget framework (MTBF). This working paper focuses on the per...

Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa

Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2017/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Arizala , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Charalambos Tsangarides , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314166.001

ISBN: 9781484314166

Keywords: Africa, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros

This paper examines the growth performance of sub-Saharan African countries since 1960 through the lens of growth turning points (accelerations and decelerations) and periods of sustained growth (growth spells). Gr...

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Size and Determinants

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa : Size and Determinants »

Volume/Issue: 2017/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina , Andrew Jonelis , and Mehmet Cangul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305942.001

ISBN: 9781484305942

Keywords: Uganda, South Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo

The multiple indicator-multiple cause (MIMIC) method is a well-established tool for measuring informal economic activity. However, it has been criticized because GDP is used both as a cause and indicator variable....

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Causes and Policy Implications

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa : Causes and Policy Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2016/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Niko Hobdari , and Ali Uppal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563115.001

ISBN: 9781475563115

Keywords: South Africa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland

This paper analyzes food inflation trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 2000 to 2016 using two novel datasets of disaggregated CPI baskets. Average food inflation is higher, more volatile, and similarly persiste...

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts
			: Experience of Sub-Saharan African Countries

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts : Experience of Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2016/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Dippelsman , Venkat Josyula , and Eric Métreau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475569339.001

ISBN: 9781475569339

Keywords: System of National Accounts, chain linking, volume measures, fixed base year

There are two approaches for producing volume estimates of GDP, fixed base year and annual chaining. While most advanced economies have adopted the chain-linked approach in the past twenty years, some African count...

Women's Opportunities and Challenges in Sub-Saharan African Job Markets

Women's Opportunities and Challenges in Sub-Saharan African Job Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2016/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christine Dieterich , Anni Huang , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388518.001

ISBN: 9781484388518

Keywords: Multi-sector Labor Market, Agriculture Feminization, Female Informal Employment, Household Enterprise Employment, SSA Labor Market

As labor market data is scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), this paper uses household survey data to analyze the determinants of the gender gap in the labor market and its welfare implications for five SSA countrie...

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth
			: Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth : Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2016/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Mumtaz Hussain , Monique Newiak , Vimal Thakoor , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484382349.001

ISBN: 9781484382349

Keywords: Income inequality, gender inequality, economic growth, and sub-Saharan Africa

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality-income or gender related-can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gen...

Natural Resource Booms in the Modern Era
			: Is the curse still alive?

Natural Resource Booms in the Modern Era : Is the curse still alive? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/237

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Warner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513507224.001

ISBN: 9781513507224

Keywords: Resource Booms, gdp, economy, investment, capital, value, Infrastructures, All Countries,

The global boom in hydrocarbon, metal and mineral prices since the year 2000 created huge economic rents - rents which, once invested, were widely expected to promote productivity growth in other parts of the boomi...

Perspectives économiques régionales, Mai 13
			: Afrique subsaharienne Créer une dynamique dans une économie mondiale à plusieurs vitesses

Perspectives économiques régionales, Mai 13 : Afrique subsaharienne Créer une dynamique dans une économie mondiale à plusieurs vitesses »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2013

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484345030.086

ISBN: 9781484345030

Keywords: bond, bonds, sovereign bonds, sovereign bond, exchange rate, public debt, inflation, exchange rate pegs, debt sustainability, debt relief

Growth remained strong in the region in 2012, with regional GDP rates increasing in most countries (excluding Nigeria and South Africa). Projections point to a moderate, broad-based acceleration in growth to around...

International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks

International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 2008/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Régis Barnichon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870077.001

ISBN: 9781451870077

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Terms of Trade Shocks, disasters, terms of trade, trade shocks, disaster,

The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published...

Aid and Growth
			: What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show?

Aid and Growth : What Does the Cross-Country Evidence Really Show? »

Volume/Issue: 2005/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raghuram Rajan , and Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861464.001

ISBN: 9781451861464

Keywords: Cross-Sectional and Panel data, equation, statistics, outliers, standard errors, Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General,

We examine the effects of aid on growth-- in cross-sectional and panel data--after correcting for the bias that aid typically goes to poorer countries, or to countries after poor performance. Even after this correc...

Informe Anual 2004
			: Por una economía mundial para todos

Informe Anual 2004 : Por una economía mundial para todos »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063730.011

ISBN: 9781589063730

El Informe Anual a la Junta de Gobernadores pasa revista a las actividades y políticas del FMI durante un ejercicio determinado. Consta de cinco capítulos: 1) Panorama general, 2) Evolución económica y financiera m...

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, Special Issue, IMF Fourth Annual Research Conference

IMF Staff Papers, Volume 51, Special Issue, IMF Fourth Annual Research Conference »

Volume: 51

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063204.024

ISBN: 9781589063204

Keywords: current account reversals, current account deficit, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, Consumption (economics), Country Risk, Debtor And Creditor, Default (finance),

This is the 2004 (Volume 51) Special Issue of IMF Staff Papers, which includes 6 selected papers (from more than 20) that were presented at the IMF's Fourth Annual Research Conference, November 6-7, 2003....

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2002

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2002 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061842.044

ISBN: 9781589061842

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

The Choice Between External and Domestic Debt in Financing Budget Deficits
			: The Case of Central and West African Countries

The Choice Between External and Domestic Debt in Financing Budget Deficits : The Case of Central and West African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2002/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Beaugrand , Montfort Mlachila , and Boileau Loko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451850215.001

ISBN: 9781451850215

Keywords: budget deficit financing, public debt, debt management, central bank, National Budget, Deficit, And Debt, macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook,

The paper reviews the principles and practical considerations involved in the choice between foreign and domestic financing of fiscal deficits, and derives a series of recommendations broadly applicable to Central...

Anuario de Estadísticas Financieras Internacionales, 2000

Anuario de Estadísticas Financieras Internacionales, 2000 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2000

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759306.041

ISBN: 9781557759306

El anuario de estadísticas financieras internacionales, que suele publicarse en septiembre, contiene los datos anuales de los países que figuran en las ediciones mensuales de las Estadísticas Financieras Internacio...

International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 2000

International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 2000 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451958621.041

ISBN: 9781451958621

Keywords: claims, liabilities, debt, deposit money, deposit money banks, debt securities, financial derivatives, equity securities, portfolio investment, loans

The International Financial Statistics Yearbook, usually published in September, contains available annual data covering 12 years for countries appearing in the monthly issues of IFS. The IFS service is the standar...

Alivio de la deuda para los países de bajo ingreso
			:  Iniciativa reforzada para los países pobres muy endeudados

Alivio de la deuda para los países de bajo ingreso : Iniciativa reforzada para los países pobres muy endeudados »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): Anthony Boote , and Kamau Thugge

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2000

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757241.054

ISBN: 9781557757241

Este folleto describe la iniciativa que emprendieron el FMI y el Banco Mundial en 1996 para abordar de manera integral la carga global de la deuda de determinados países pobres muy endeudados (PPME) que estaban ap...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 1999

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 1999 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758187.044

ISBN: 9781557758187

Keywords: payments, liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, bonds, debt securities, financial derivatives, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Dominance Testing of Social Sector Expenditures and Taxes in Africa

Dominance Testing of Social Sector Expenditures and Taxes in Africa »

Volume/Issue: 1999/172

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Sahn , and Stephen Younger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858556.001

ISBN: 9781451858556

Keywords: Taxes, health, income distribution, expenditure, expenditures, survey, per, surveys

This paper examines the progressivity of social sector expenditures and taxes in eight sub-Saharan African countries. It uses dominance tests to determine whether health and education expenditures redistribute reso...

The ESAF at Ten Years
			: Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries

The ESAF at Ten Years : Economic Adjustment and Reform in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756930.051

ISBN: 9781557756930

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, transition economies, structural adjustment, terms of trade

For over 10 years, the IMF has supported adjustment and reform programs in many of its low-income members through two facilities established specifically for that purpose - the Enhanced Structural Adjustment Facili...

An Analysis of External Debt and Capital Flight in the Severely Indebted Low Income Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa

An Analysis of External Debt and Capital Flight in the Severely Indebted Low Income Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 1997/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Simeon Ajayi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451961119.001

ISBN: 9781451961119

Keywords: external debt, debt, debt overhang, debt service, debt burden

The general objective of this study is to analyze the external debt and debt burdens of the severely indebted sub-Saharan African countries, estimate the magnitude of capital flight from them, and relate the estima...

Worldwide Military Spending, 1990-1995

Worldwide Military Spending, 1990-1995 »

Volume/Issue: 1996/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jerald Schiff , Benedict Clements , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451848519.001

ISBN: 9781451848519

Keywords: military spending, military, military expenditures, military expenditure, arms

The decline in military spending that began in the mid-1980s continued through 1995, and this decline was widespread both geographically and by level of development. Cuts in military spending appear to have potenti...

Four Decades of Fund Arrangements
			: Macroeconomic Stylized Facts Before the Adjustment Programs

Four Decades of Fund Arrangements : Macroeconomic Stylized Facts Before the Adjustment Programs »

Volume/Issue: 1995/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Santaella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849530.001

ISBN: 9781451849530

Keywords: balance of payments, external debt, export markets, current account, debt crisis

This paper analyzes the initial conditions before Fund financial arrangements are adopted. Evidence from 324 Fund arrangements in 78 developing countries during 1973-91 indicates that there are important difference...

Helping the Poor
			: the IMF's New Facilities for Structural Adjustment

Helping the Poor : the IMF's New Facilities for Structural Adjustment »

Series: Other Statistical Electronic Products

Author(s): Joslin Landell-Mills

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750211.038

ISBN: 9781557750211

Keywords: balance of payments, domestic savings, current account deficit, debt service payments, agricultural exports

This paper discusses the IMF's New Facilities for Structural Adjustment (SAF) for helping the poor. The first arrangement supported by the SAF was approved by the IMF's Executive Board in August 1986. By the end of...

La deuda externa
			: Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología

La deuda externa : Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1988

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780821311554.071

ISBN: 9780821311554

Este libro tiene por objeto proporcionar al usuario de estadísticas de deuda una descripción comparativa de las estadísticas recopiladas por el Banco de Pagos Internacionales, el FMI, la Organización para la Cooper...