Browse

You are looking at 1 - 100 of 170 items :

  • Type: Books and Journals x
  • Business and Economy x
  • Sub-Saharan Africa x
  • Asia and the Pacific x
  • Middle East x
Clear All Modify Search
Multi-Country Report
			: Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302996.002

ISBN: 9781484302996

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bahrain, Djibouti, Europe, Indonesia, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Middle East, Nigeria

This paper presents country experiences with reforms to strengthen regulatory oversight of the Islamic banking sector. Based on the selected country experiences, a number of important lessons and policy options can...

Multi-Country Report
			: Building Fiscal Capacity in Fragile States-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Building Fiscal Capacity in Fragile States-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/153

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303719.002

ISBN: 9781484303719

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Europe, Haiti, Kosovo, Liberia, Mali, Middle East, Myanmar, South Sudan, Sub-Saharan Africa

This report reviews the IMF's effort to build fiscal capacity in fragile states. It presents case studies on IMF technical assistance (TA) and capacity development in the fiscal area, provided by its Fiscal Affairs...

The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015 »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 January 2017

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475523256.069

ISBN: 9781475523256

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

This Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide (Guide) has been prepared to assist economies in participating in the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS). The CDIS is being conducted under the auspices of t...

West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)
			: Selected Issues

West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/98

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475550009.002

ISBN: 9781475550009

Keywords: investment, public investment, public, infrastructure, per

This paper presents stylized facts on the quantitative and qualitative infrastructure gap in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), estimates the efficiency of public investment, and recommends how t...

Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism

Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2015/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and John Ricco

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510965.001

ISBN: 9781513510965

Keywords: tax, revenue, attacks, share, General, National Security and War, All Countries,

This paper provides an empirical analysis of how the frequency and severity of terrorism affect government revenue and expenditure during the period 1970-2013 using a panel dataset on 153 countries. We find that te...

The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015

The Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide 2015 »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rita Mesias

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513519418.069

ISBN: 9781513519418

Keywords: investment, enterprise, equity, direct investment, debt

This Coordinated Direct Investment Survey Guide (Guide) has been prepared to assist economies participating in the Coordinated Direct Investment Survey (CDIS). The CDIS is being conducted under the auspices of the...

Transforming Non-Renewable Resource Economies (NREs)

Transforming Non-Renewable Resource Economies (NREs) »

Volume/Issue: 2015/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bill Battaile , and Saurabh Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513573571.001

ISBN: 9781513573571

Keywords: resource curse, diversification, income, productivity, gdp, development, Global Outlook, General,

This paper provides an empirical benchmarking of growth, productivity and export patterns for developing NREs against other low and middle income developing countries, to inform policy discussions and future analyt...

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility

Soft Power and Exchange Rate Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2015/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , Richard Harris , and Fatih Yilmaz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475530520.001

ISBN: 9781475530520

Keywords: Exchange rate volatility, exchange, exchange rate, volatility, exchange rates, trade, Time-Series Models, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions,

Standard models-based exclusively on macro-financial variables-have made little progress in explaining the behavior of exchange rates. In this paper, we introduce a neglected set of 'soft power' factors capturing...

Credit Booms and Macroeconomic Dynamics
			: Stylized Facts and Lessons for Low-Income Countries

Credit Booms and Macroeconomic Dynamics : Stylized Facts and Lessons for Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Arena , Serpil Bouza , Era Dabla-Norris , Kerstin Gerling , and Lamin Njie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484356869.001

ISBN: 9781484356869

Keywords: macroeocnomic dynamics, low-income countries, emerging market economies, credit, booms, credit boom, banking, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, emerging market economies.,

Using a comprehensive database on bank credit, covering 135 developing countries over the period 1960-2011, we identify, document, and compare the macro-economic dynamics of credit booms across low- and middle-inco...

Private Saving Accelerations

Private Saving Accelerations »

Volume/Issue: 2014/223

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498368490.001

ISBN: 9781498368490

Keywords: Private saving, accelerations, economic performance, saving, savings, volatility, investment, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Domestic private saving rates have been on a declining trend in many Emerging Markets (EMs), raising questions about countries' ability to generate sufficient domestic resources to finance investment. This paper ex...

A Constrained Choice? Impact of Concessionality Requirements on Borrowing Behavior

A Constrained Choice? Impact of Concessionality Requirements on Borrowing Behavior »

Volume/Issue: 2014/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Calixte Ahokpossi , Laurence Allain , and Giovanna Bua

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498349727.001

ISBN: 9781498349727

Keywords: Concessionality, debt limits policy, propensity score matching, external debt, public debt, private creditors, debt relief, concessional debt, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems

This paper uses the propensity matching score approach to assess the impact of the IMF's debt limits policy (DLP) on borrowing behavior in countries eligible to borrow from its concessional lending window. The pape...

Emerging Markets in Transition
			: Growth Prospects and Challenges

Emerging Markets in Transition : Growth Prospects and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2014/6

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luis Cubeddu , Alexander Culiuc , Ghada Fayad , Yuan Gao , Kalpana Kochhar , Annette Kyobe , Ceyda Oner , Roberto Perrelli , Sarah Sanya , Evridiki Tsounta , and Zhongxia Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498327664.006

ISBN: 9781498327664

Keywords: Emerging markets, growth, potential growth, convergence, heterogeneity, structural reform, productivity, terms of trade, trading partners, commodity prices

After a short-lived slowdown in the immediate aftermath of the global financial crisis and a swift rebound, emerging markets (EM) are now entering a period of slower growth. In fact, growth is now lower than the po...

Côte D'Ivoire
			: Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility and Requests for Modification of Performance Criteria and Extension of the Current Arrangement

Côte D'Ivoire : Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility and Requests for Modification of Performance Criteria and Extension of the Current Arrangement »

Volume/Issue: 2014/163

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498355865.002

ISBN: 9781498355865

Keywords: external debt, public debt, current account, domestic financing

This paper discusses Côte d'Ivoire's Fifth Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) and Requests for Modification of Performance Criteria (PC) and Extension of the Current Ar...

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies

A Hybrid Approach to Estimating the Efficiency of Public Spending on Education in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398241.001

ISBN: 9781484398241

Keywords: Education expenditure, efficiency, hybrid, developing economies, emerging economies, education spending, expenditure, educational outcomes, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

The measurement of the efficiency of public education expenditure using parametric and non-parametric methods has proven challenging. This paper seeks to overcome the difficulties of earlier studies by using a hybr...

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort

Understanding Countries' Tax Effort »

Volume/Issue: 2013/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ricardo Fenochietto , and Carola Pessino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301272.001

ISBN: 9781484301272

Keywords: tax effort, tax frontier, tax capacity, stochastic tax frontier, inefficiency, tax revenues, tax analysis, determinants of tax revenue, tax system, Models with Panel Data

This paper presents a model to determine the tax effort and tax capacity of 113 countries and the main variables on which they depend. The results and the model allow a clear determination of which countries are ne...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2013

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2013 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366806.012

ISBN: 9781484366806

Keywords: Exchange rate adjustments, Exchange rate appreciation, Exchange rate assessments, Exchange rate developments, Exchange rate determination, Exchange rate depreciation, Exchange rate guarantees, Exchange rate indicators, Exchange rate indexes, Exchange rate management

This is the 64th issue of the AREAER. It provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It also provides information on th...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013
			: Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013 : Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475515398.011

ISBN: 9781475515398

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, debt relief, public debt, capital flows

The IMF's 2013 Annual Report chronicles the response of the institution's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2013, which covers the period from May 1, 20...

Energy Subsidy Reform
			: Lessons and Implications

Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475558111.071

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Energy subsidies are aimed at protecting consumers, however, subsidies aggravate fiscal imbalances, crowd out priority public spending, and depress private investment, including in the energy sector. This book prov...

Waste Not, Want Not
			: The Efficiency of Health Expenditure in Emerging and Developing Economies

Waste Not, Want Not : The Efficiency of Health Expenditure in Emerging and Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesco Grigoli , and Javier Kapsoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484364260.001

ISBN: 9781484364260

Keywords: Health expenditure, efficiency, emerging economies, developing economies, public health, health spending, public expenditure, public health spending, Health Production: Nutrition, Mortality

Public health spending is low in emerging and developing economies relative to advanced economies and health outputs and outcomes need to be substantially improved. Simply increasing public expenditure in the healt...

Testing the Prebisch-Singer Hypothesis since 1650
			: Evidence from Panel Techniques that Allow for Multiple Breaks

Testing the Prebisch-Singer Hypothesis since 1650 : Evidence from Panel Techniques that Allow for Multiple Breaks »

Volume/Issue: 2013/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Kaddour Hadri , Prakash Loungani , and Yao Rao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484341155.001

ISBN: 9781484341155

Keywords: Primary, commodities, Unit, root tests, Multiple, Structural breaks, Volatility, commodity markets, price fluctuations, transport costs

In this paper, we re-examine two important aspects of the dynamics of relative primary commodity prices, namely the secular trend and the short run volatility. To do so, we employ 25 series, some of them starting a...

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing
			: Design, Implementation, and Fiscal Implications

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing : Design, Implementation, and Fiscal Implications »

Volume: 12

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): David Coady , Javier Arze del Granado , Luc Eyraud , and Anita Tuladhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566949.005

ISBN: 9781475566949

Keywords: Petroleum products, price smoothing, fuel taxes, price, prices, retail, pricing, volatility

Many developing and emerging countries do not fully pass-through increases in international fuel prices to domestic retail prices, with adverse consequences for fuel tax revenues and tax volatility. The adoption of...

Recent Improvements to the Government Finance Statistics Yearbook Database in Response to Analytical Needs

Recent Improvements to the Government Finance Statistics Yearbook Database in Response to Analytical Needs »

Volume/Issue: 2013/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mike Seiferling

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475528251.001

ISBN: 9781475528251

Keywords: government finance, accrual accounting, government revenue, General,

The demand for high quality detailed public finance statistics covering a globally representative sample of countries has increased dramatically during the recent financial crisis. Due to the complexity of public f...

Exogenous Shocks and Growth Crises in Low-Income Countries
			: A Vulnerability Index

Exogenous Shocks and Growth Crises in Low-Income Countries : A Vulnerability Index »

Volume/Issue: 2012/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , and Yasemin Bal-Gunduz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475528510.001

ISBN: 9781475528510

Keywords: Vulnerability index, growth crises, low-income countries, real gdp, gdp growth, gdp per capita, trading partners, exchange rate regime, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Economic Growth of Open Economies

This paper develops a new index which provides early warning signals of a growth crisis in the event of large external shocks in low-income countries. Multivariate regression analysis and a univariate signaling app...

Foreign Aid and Revenue
			: Still a Crowding Out Effect?

Foreign Aid and Revenue : Still a Crowding Out Effect? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , Sanjeev Gupta , Priscilla Muthoora , and Dora Benedek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505344.001

ISBN: 9781475505344

Keywords: tax revenues, tax revenue, total tax revenue

This paper reexamines the relationship between aid and domestic tax revenues using a more recent and comprehensive dataset covering 118 countries for the period 1980 - 2009. Overall, our results support earlier fin...

Country Stress Events
			: Does Governance Matter?

Country Stress Events : Does Governance Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2012/116

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anna Kochanova , and Carlos Caceres

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503456.001

ISBN: 9781475503456

Keywords: fiscal stress, probability, statistics, probabilities, descriptive statistics, Relation of Economics to Other Disciplines, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation, Law and Economics: General (including Data Sources and Description), Business Environment, Fiscal Crises

This paper analyzes the linkages between governance quality and country stress events. It focuses on two types of events: fiscal and political stress events, for which two innovative stress indicators are introduce...

Institutional Transformations, Polity and Economic Outcomes
			: Testing the North-Wallis-Weingast Doorsteps Framework

Institutional Transformations, Polity and Economic Outcomes : Testing the North-Wallis-Weingast Doorsteps Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2012/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , and Sophia Gollwitzer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475502510.001

ISBN: 9781475502510

Keywords: institutions, economic performance, political performance, transition, income inequality, political system, political control, political variables, political institutions, General Aggregative Models: Other

This paper tests the theoretical framework developed by North, Wallis and Weingast (2009) on the transition from closed to open access societies. They posit that societies need to go through three doorsteps: (i) th...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350048.043

ISBN: 9781616350048

Keywords: liabilities, taxes, financial assets, loans, financial derivatives, interest, local governments, benefits, salaries, public debt

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Food Prices and Political Instability

Food Prices and Political Instability »

Volume/Issue: 2011/62

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Markus Bruckner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455221066.001

ISBN: 9781455221066

Keywords: Conflict, Political Institutions, food price, food production, food insecurity, food consumption, Economic Systems: General, General,

We examine the effects that variations in the international food prices have on democracy and intra-state conflict using panel data for over 120 countries during the period 1970-2007. Our main finding is that in Lo...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350024.044

ISBN: 9781616350024

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, direct investment, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Business Cycle Fluctuations, Large Shocks, and Development Aid
			: New Evidence

Business Cycle Fluctuations, Large Shocks, and Development Aid : New Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2010/240

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Era Dabla-Norris , Camelia Minoiu , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455209408.001

ISBN: 9781455209408

Keywords: foreign aid, bilateral donors, business cycle, macroeconomic shocks, aid flows, bilateral aid, development aid, dynamic effects, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

We examine the cyclical properties of development aid using bilateral data for 22 donors and over 100 recipients during 1970?2005. We find that bilateral aid flows are on average procyclical with respect to busines...

International Financial Statistics, October 2010

International Financial Statistics, October 2010 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210510.041

ISBN: 9781455210510

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, equity securities, portfolio investment, payments, interest

The IMF's principal statistical publication, International Financial Statistics (IFS) Online, is the standard source of international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. For most countr...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2010

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2010 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455210497.042

ISBN: 9781455210497

Keywords: export earnings, trade data, balance of payments, trading partners, partner country, free trade, world trade, partner countries, merchandise exports, trade flows

The Direction of Trade Statistics Online service provides data on the value of merchandise exports and imports between each country and all its trading partners. The database includes: total bilateral and multilate...

International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 2010

International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 2010 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350017.041

ISBN: 9781616350017

Keywords: claims, liabilities, loans, financial derivatives, interest, debt, central bank, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities

The International Financial Statistics Yearbook, usually published in September, contains available annual data covering 12 years for countries appearing in the monthly issues of IFS. The IFS service is the standar...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, June 2010

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, June 2010 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455214624.042

ISBN: 9781455214624

Keywords: export earnings, trade data, free trade, balance of payments, trading partners, partner country, world trade, partner countries, trade flows, merchandise exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2009

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2009 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068629.043

ISBN: 9781589068629

Keywords: liabilities, taxes, financial assets, loans, financial derivatives, interest, local governments, benefits, salaries, public debt

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, March 2010

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, March 2010 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930092.042

ISBN: 9781451930092

Keywords: export earnings, trade data, free trade, balance of payments, partner country, trading partners, partner countries, merchandise exports, trade flows, world trade

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Evaluation of the Oil Fiscal Regime in Russia and Proposals for Reform

Evaluation of the Oil Fiscal Regime in Russia and Proposals for Reform »

Volume/Issue: 2010/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brenton Goldsworthy , and Daria Zakharova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962703.001

ISBN: 9781451962703

Keywords: oil revenue, taxation, oil field, fiscal regime, oil and gas, Subsidies, and Revenue: General,

Oil revenue plays a central role in Russia's economic development. Thus, the recent decline in oil production and investment, and the possible contribution of the current fiscal regime to these developments, have p...

Exchange Rate Choices of Microstates

Exchange Rate Choices of Microstates »

Volume/Issue: 2010/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Imam

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451962000.001

ISBN: 9781451962000

Keywords: Micro-states, Currency board, Fixed exchange rate, Geweke- Hajivassiliou-Keane Multivariate Simulator, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, Geweke-hajivassiliou-keane Multivariate Simulator,

In this paper we first explain why most microstates (countries with less than 2 million inhabitants) have gained independence only in the last 30 years. Despite the higher costs and risks microstates face, their ab...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2009 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068728.044

ISBN: 9781589068728

Keywords: liabilities, debt, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, equity securities, money market, money market instruments, debt securities, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, December 2009

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, December 2009 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960044.042

ISBN: 9781451960044

Keywords: export earnings, trade data, free trade, balance of payments, trading partners, partner country, world trade, partner countries, trade flows, merchandise exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2009
			: Fighting the Global Crisis

Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2009 : Fighting the Global Crisis »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2009

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068841.011

ISBN: 9781589068841

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

The IMF's 2009 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2009, which covers the period from May 1, 2008, thr...

Macro-Hedging for Commodity Exporters

Macro-Hedging for Commodity Exporters »

Volume/Issue: 2009/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Borensztein , Damiano Sandri , and Olivier Jeanne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873764.001

ISBN: 9781451873764

Keywords: commodity exports, hedging instruments, forward contracts, open interest, commodity prices,

This paper uses a dynamic optimization model to estimate the welfare gains of hedging against commodity price risk for commodity-exporting countries. The introduction of hedging instruments such as futures and opti...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2009

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2009 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960006.042

ISBN: 9781451960006

Keywords: oil exporting, european union, oil exporting countries, exporting countries, exporting country, total exports, internet, merchandise exports, trade flows, oil exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Commodity Terms of Trade
			: The History of Booms and Busts

Commodity Terms of Trade : The History of Booms and Busts »

Volume/Issue: 2009/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873528.001

ISBN: 9781451873528

Keywords: commodity booms, commodity busts, commodity exporters, exporters, Trade: General, Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance: General, Economic Growth of Open Economies,

We compile a historical dataset covering nearly 40 years of booms and busts in the commodity terms of trade of over 150 countries. We discuss the characteristics of these events and their effects on macroeconomic p...

International Financial Statistics, July 2009

International Financial Statistics, July 2009 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934250.041

ISBN: 9781451934250

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, interest, payments

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, June 2009

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, June 2009 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451959987.042

ISBN: 9781451959987

Keywords: oil exporting, european union, oil exporting countries, exporting countries, exporting country, total exports, internet, merchandise exports, trade flows, oil exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

International Financial Statistics, May 2009

International Financial Statistics, May 2009 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934137.041

ISBN: 9781451934137

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, interest, payments

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

International Financial Statistics, April, 2009

International Financial Statistics, April, 2009 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934069.041

ISBN: 9781451934069

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, loans, debt, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, interest, payments

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2008

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2008 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067554.043

ISBN: 9781589067554

Keywords: liabilities, taxes, financial assets, loans, financial derivatives, debt, interest, local governments, benefits, salaries

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, March 2009

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, March 2009 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451959901.042

ISBN: 9781451959901

Keywords: oil exporting, european union, oil exporting countries, exporting countries, exporting country, total exports, internet, merchandise exports, trade flows, oil exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

International Financial Statistics, March 2009

International Financial Statistics, March 2009 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934021.041

ISBN: 9781451934021

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, debt, portfolio investment, equity securities, debt securities, loans, payments, money market

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Côte d'Ivoire
			: Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative:  Preliminary Document

Côte d'Ivoire : Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative: Preliminary Document »

Volume/Issue: 2009/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451807912.002

ISBN: 9781451807912

Keywords: debt relief, debt service, external debt, traditional debt relief

This paper discusses Côte d'Ivoire's preliminary assessment of eligibility for assistance under the Enhanced Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative. The March 2007 Ouagadougou Political Accord provides a roadma...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2008

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2008 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067530.044

ISBN: 9781589067530

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of Payments Statistics Publication, liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, direct investment, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

International Financial Statistics, December 2008

International Financial Statistics, December 2008 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964387.041

ISBN: 9781451964387

Keywords: claims, financial derivatives, portfolio investment, equity securities, money market, deposit rate, deposit money, deposit money banks, commercial banks, money market instruments

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007) »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2008

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590692.069

ISBN: 9781475590692

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries

The Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency applies the principles of the revised IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (‘the Code') to the unique set of transparency problems faced by countries that der...

International Financial Statistics, November 2008

International Financial Statistics, November 2008 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964363.041

ISBN: 9781451964363

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, debt, loans, portfolio investment, debt securities, equity securities, payments, interest

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 2008

International Financial Statistics Yearbook, 2008 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067523.041

ISBN: 9781589067523

Keywords: claims, liabilities, loans, banking, interest, debt, financial derivatives, money market, debt securities, portfolio investment

The International Financial Statistics Yearbook, usually published in September, contains available annual data covering 12 years for countries appearing in the monthly issues of IFS. The IFS service is the standar...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2008

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2008 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930283.042

ISBN: 9781451930283

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, partner countries, world trade, exporting countries, merchandise exports, partner country, trading partners, total exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly,June 2008

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly,June 2008 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930252.042

ISBN: 9781451930252

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, partner countries, world trade, exporting countries, merchandise exports, partner country, trading partners, total exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Trade Openness and Volatility

Trade Openness and Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2008/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , and Julian Di Giovanni

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870046.001

ISBN: 9781451870046

Keywords: Output Volatility, Specialization, Comovement, Sector-Level Data, trade openness, aggregate volatility, correlation, equation, output growth,

This paper examines the mechanisms through which output volatility is related to trade openness using an industry-level panel dataset of manufacturing production and trade. The main results are threefold. First, se...

International Financial Statistics, May 2008

International Financial Statistics, May 2008 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964042.041

ISBN: 9781451964042

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, debt, loans, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, interest, payments

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2007

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2007 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066588.043

ISBN: 9781589066588

Keywords: liabilities, taxes, financial assets, loans, financial derivatives, interest, local governments, benefits, salaries, public debt

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Where Did All the Aid Go? An Empirical Analysis of Absorption and Spending

Where Did All the Aid Go? An Empirical Analysis of Absorption and Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2008/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , and Ummul Hasanath Ruthbah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868968.001

ISBN: 9781451868968

Keywords: Spending, Absorption, Growth, current account balance, reserve accumulation, current account, capital formation, central bank,

This paper examines the macroeconomic usage of aid using panel data for a broad sample of aid-recipients. By definition an increase in aid must go toward a reduction in the current account balance (absorbed aid), a...

Emerging Market Spread Compression
			: Is it Real or is it Liquidity?

Emerging Market Spread Compression : Is it Real or is it Liquidity? »

Volume/Issue: 2008/10

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Kodres , Kristian Hartelius , and Kenichiro Kashiwase

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868722.001

ISBN: 9781451868722

Keywords: Sovereign Spreads, Fundamentals, bond, bond spreads, market bond, emerging market bond, standard deviation,

Despite recent turmoil, spreads on emerging market countries' sovereign bonds have fallen dramatically since mid-2002. Some have attributed the fall to improved economic fundamentals while others to ample global li...

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries

The Impact of Trade Liberalization on the Trade Balance in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2008/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yi Wu , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868760.001

ISBN: 9781451868760

Keywords: trade balance, impact of trade, impact of trade liberalization, terms of trade,

Using two recently constructed measures of trade liberalization dates, this research studies the impact of trade liberalization on imports, exports, and overall trade balance for a large sample of developing countr...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, December 2007

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, December 2007 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960143.042

ISBN: 9781451960143

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, merchandise exports, exporting countries, total exports, exporting country, internet, trade flows, oil exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2007

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2007 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066564.044

ISBN: 9781589066564

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities, money market

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

International Financial Statistics, November 2007

International Financial Statistics, November 2007 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934670.041

ISBN: 9781451934670

Keywords: claims, liabilities, financial derivatives, debt, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, loans, payments, interest

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007)

Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency (2007) »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064638.069

ISBN: 9781589064638

Keywords: fiscal policy, eiti, fiscal transparency, fiscal regime, resource-rich countries

The Guide on Resource Revenue Transparency applies the principles of the revised IMF Code of Good Practices on Fiscal Transparency (‘the Code') to the unique set of transparency problems faced by countries that der...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2007

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2007 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960105.042

ISBN: 9781451960105

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, partner countries, world trade, exporting countries, merchandise exports, partner country, trading partners, total exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451937107.041

ISBN: 9781451937107

Keywords: claims, financial derivatives, commercial banks, deposit rate, money market, financial corporations, foreign currency, money market rate, discount rate, financial assets

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

International Financial Statistics, July 2007

International Financial Statistics, July 2007 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934410.041

ISBN: 9781451934410

Keywords: claims, liabilities, debt, financial derivatives, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, loans, money market, deposit money

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, June 2007

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, June 2007 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960068.042

ISBN: 9781451960068

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, partner countries, world trade, exporting countries, merchandise exports, partner country, trading partners, total exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

International Financial Statistics, June 2007

International Financial Statistics, June 2007 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934342.041

ISBN: 9781451934342

Keywords: claims, liabilities, debt, financial derivatives, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, loans, money market, deposit money

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics, March 2007 Quarterly

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics, March 2007 Quarterly »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451937039.041

ISBN: 9781451937039

Keywords: claims, financial derivatives, commercial banks, deposit rate, money market, financial corporations, foreign currency, money market rate, discount rate, financial assets

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
			: Debt Relief at the Completion Point Under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative and Under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe : Debt Relief at the Completion Point Under the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries Initiative and Under the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative »

Volume/Issue: 2007/173

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451835137.002

ISBN: 9781451835137

Keywords: debt service, debt sustainability, Sao Tome and Principe,

This paper examines the consideration of the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe's debt relief at the completion point under the enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries and Debt Relief unde...

International Financial Statistics + Supplement, March 2007

International Financial Statistics + Supplement, March 2007 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934175.041

ISBN: 9781451934175

Keywords: claims, liabilities, debt, financial derivatives, portfolio investment, debt securities, equity securities, loans, deposit money, deposit money banks

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

International Financial Statistics, May 2007

International Financial Statistics, May 2007 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934311.041

ISBN: 9781451934311

Keywords: claims, liabilities, debt, financial derivatives, debt securities, portfolio investment, equity securities, loans, deposit money, deposit money banks

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Jahresbericht 2006
			: Die vorteile der weltwirtschaft für alle sichern

Jahresbericht 2006 : Die vorteile der weltwirtschaft für alle sichern »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065642.011

ISBN: 9781589065642

Keywords: debt, debt relief, interest, loans, payments, external debt, multilateral debt, obligations, liabilities, debt sustainability

The Annual Report 2006 to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during the financial year (May 1, 2005, through April 30, 2006). The main sections cover the Fund's Medium-Term Strategy; c...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, December 2006

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, December 2006 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930399.042

ISBN: 9781451930399

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, partner countries, world trade, exporting countries, merchandise exports, partner country, trading partners, total exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2006

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2006 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065789.044

ISBN: 9781589065789

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

The Magnitude and Distribution of Fuel Subsidies
			: Evidence from Bolivia, Ghana, Jordan, Mali, and Sri Lanka

The Magnitude and Distribution of Fuel Subsidies : Evidence from Bolivia, Ghana, Jordan, Mali, and Sri Lanka »

Volume/Issue: 2006/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Gillingham , David Locke Newhouse , David Coady , Kangni Kpodar , Moataz El-Said , and Paulo Medas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865073.001

ISBN: 9781451865073

Keywords: welfare distribution, subsidy, consumer subsidies, domestic prices, safety net, Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics: General, Input-Output Models, Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions

With the recent jump in world oil prices, the issue of petroleum product pricing has become increasingly important in developing countries. Reflecting a reluctance of many governments to pass these price increases...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2006

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, September 2006 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930375.042

ISBN: 9781451930375

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, free trade, oil exporting countries, trade data, merchandise exports, exporting countries, exporting country, total exports, internet

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts

Fiscal Implications of Multilateral Tariff Cuts »

Volume/Issue: 2006/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Azim Sadikov , Hans Lankes , Dustin Smith , Katrin Elborgh-Woytek , and Jean-Jacques Hallaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864632.001

ISBN: 9781451864632

Keywords: Doha Round, trade policy, trade liberalization, tariff revenue, tariff cuts, tariff lines, Trade Policy. Doha Round,

The paper contributes to the discussion about the revenue implications of trade reform by assessing the approximate fiscal revenue impact of different liberalization formulae under consideration in multilateral tra...

Mauritius
			: 2005 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mauritius

Mauritius : 2005 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mauritius »

Volume/Issue: 2006/209

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451827828.002

ISBN: 9781451827828

Keywords: debt, interest, public sector, deficit, external debt

Mauritius showed slow economic growth owing to the deteriorating external economic environment, particularly of the sugar and textile sectors. Executive Directors urged the authorities to develop a comprehensive e...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly. June 2006

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly. June 2006 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930344.042

ISBN: 9781451930344

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, partner countries, world trade, exporting countries, merchandise exports, partner country, trading partners, total exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Summary Proceedings of the Fifty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Boards of Governors

Summary Proceedings of the Fifty-Ninth Annual Meeting of the Boards of Governors »

Series: Summary Proceedings

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065123.015

ISBN: 9781589065123

Keywords: debt, debt relief, debt cancellation, oil prices, world economy

The speeches made by officials attending the IMF-World Bank Annual Meetings are published in this volume, along with the press communiqués issued by the International Monetary and Financial Committee and the Develo...

Sudden Stops and IMF-Supported Programs

Sudden Stops and IMF-Supported Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2006/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Barry Eichengreen , Poonam Gupta , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863611.001

ISBN: 9781451863611

Keywords: IMF-supported programs, current account, currency crises, current account balance, capital inflows, International Economic Order, International Lending and Debt Problems, Imf - Supported Programs,

Could a high-access, quick-disbursing "insurance facility" in the IMF help to reduce the incidence of sharp interruptions in capital flows ("sudden stops")? We contribute to the debate around this question by analy...

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, March 2006

Direction of Trade Statistics Quarterly, March 2006 »

Series: Direction of Trade Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451930320.042

ISBN: 9781451930320

Keywords: industrial countries, oil exporting, oil exporting countries, partner countries, world trade, exporting countries, merchandise exports, partner country, trading partners, total exports

This publication provides data on the country and area distribution of countries exports and imports as reported by themselves or by their partners. The quarterly issues cover data for the most recent six quarters...

Spending Seigniorage
			: Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem?

Spending Seigniorage : Do Central Banks Have a Governance Problem? »

Volume/Issue: 2006/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863185.001

ISBN: 9781451863185

Keywords: seigniorage, expenditures, central bank, reserve accumulation, currency composition, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

This paper reviews how central banks allocate seigniorage, based on systematic crosscountry comparisons of their financial accounts. Central banks are classified as weak or strong, depending upon their structural p...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2005

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2005 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064621.043

ISBN: 9781589064621

Keywords: liabilities, taxes, loans, financial derivatives, financial assets, financial corporations, interest, benefits, local governments, public debt

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.), and expenditure by sector (defense, education, health, etc.) for all levels of government (nati...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2005

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2005 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064607.044

ISBN: 9781589064607

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, equity securities, money market

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Jahresbericht 2005
			: Die Vorteile der Weltwirtschaft für alle sichern

Jahresbericht 2005 : Die Vorteile der Weltwirtschaft für alle sichern »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2005

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064720.011

ISBN: 9781589064720

Keywords: financial statements, financial sector, debt relief, balance of payments, general resources account, repurchases, debt sustainability, cash flows, financial stability, central bank

The Annual Report 2005 to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during the financial year (May 1, 2004, through April 30, 2005). The main sections cover country, global, and regional surv...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2005
			: Making the Global Economy Work for All

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2005 : Making the Global Economy Work for All »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064263.011

ISBN: 9781589064263

Keywords: financial statements, financial sector, debt relief, balance of payments, general resources account

The Annual Report 2005 to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during the financial year (May 1, 2004, through April 30, 2005). The main sections cover country, global, and regional surv...

The IMF's Role in Low-Income Countries
			: Issues and Challenges

The IMF's Role in Low-Income Countries : Issues and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2005/177

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Domenico Lombardi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861969.001

ISBN: 9781451861969

Keywords: monetary fund, conditionality, concessional lending, structural conditionality, monetary approach, International Lending and Debt Problems, Economic Development: General,

Drawing on recent research, this study elaborates on the role of the IMF in support of its lowincome members, pointing to the global character of the institution and to its superior ability-given its multilateral n...

The Political Economy of Seigniorage

The Political Economy of Seigniorage »

Volume/Issue: 2005/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and Francisco José Veiga

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861945.001

ISBN: 9781451861945

Keywords: Seigniorage, political instability, institutions, political rights, freedom house, political parties, political science,

While most economists agree that seigniorage is one way governments finance deficits, there is less agreement about the political, institutional, and economic reasons for relying on it. This paper investigates the...

Infrastructure Aid, Deindustrialization, and Welfare

Infrastructure Aid, Deindustrialization, and Welfare »

Volume/Issue: 2005/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eun Choi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861693.001

ISBN: 9781451861693

Keywords: Infrastructure Aid, Deindustrialization, export sector, import sector, currency appreciation, terms of trade, world prices,

This paper investigates the deindustrialization and welfare effects of infrastructure aid in developing countries. In the short run, cost-saving infrastructure aid in the export sector increases the domestic wage r...

Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility

Financial Integration, Growth, and Volatility »

Volume/Issue: 2005/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne Epaulard , and Aude Pommeret

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860863.001

ISBN: 9781451860863

Keywords: Risk-sharing, Endogenous Growth, Stochastic Growth, global financial markets, financial markets, foreign assets, General Aggregative Models: Neoclassical, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The aim of this paper is to evaluate the welfare gains from financial integration for developing and emerging market economies. To do so, we build a stochastic endogenous growth model for a small open economy that...

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2004

Government Finance Statistics Yearbook, 2004 »

Series: Government Finance Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063846.043

ISBN: 9781589063846

Keywords: liabilities, taxes, loans, financial derivatives, financial assets, financial corporations, interest, benefits, local governments, salaries

Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, Detailed annual data for Fund member governments are supplied on revenue income by source (tax, lending, bonds, etc.),...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2004

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2004 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063822.044

ISBN: 9781589063822

Keywords: liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, bonds, debt securities, money market, equity securities

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...