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Cross-Cutting Themes in Employment Experiences during the Crisis

Cross-Cutting Themes in Employment Experiences during the Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2010/18

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Athanasios Vamvakidis , Francis Vitek , Mwanza Nkusu , Reginald Darius , Alun Thomas , and Edouard Vidon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462357604.004

ISBN: 9781462357604

Keywords: Economic recession, Employment, External shocks, Financial crisis, Cross country analysis, Labor market policy, Labor markets, Korea, Republic of, Mexico, New Zealand

The human cost of the recent global crisis is reflected in its impact on the labor market. Explaining why economies with similar downturns had very different employment trends can help design policies to reduce suc...

Reaching the MDGs
			: An Action Plan for Trade

Reaching the MDGs : An Action Plan for Trade »

Volume/Issue: 2010/14

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Brad McDonald , Rob Gregory , and Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455265343.004

ISBN: 9781455265343

Keywords: Exports, Export competitiveness, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Low-income developing countries, International trade, Millennium Development Goals, Trade integration, Tax reforms, Trade policy

The actions proposed here focus on trade integration, substantially increasing exports of the poorest countries and helping them to meet the Millennium Development Goals. As the foundation for these ambitions, we e...

Fiscal Space

Fiscal Space »

Volume/Issue: 2010/11

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , Jun Kim , and Mahvash Qureshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455228010.004

ISBN: 9781455228010

Keywords: Developed countries, Debt management, Public debt, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal policy, fiscal sustainability, debt dynamics, debt, interest, primary balance

In this note, the authors reexamine the issue of debt sustainability in a large group of advanced economies. Their hypothesis is that, when debt is in a moderate range, its dynamics are sustainable in the sense tha...

Redesigning the Contours of the Future Financial System

Redesigning the Contours of the Future Financial System »

Volume/Issue: 2010/10

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Laura Kodres , and Aditya Narain

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462388882.004

ISBN: 9781462388882

Keywords: Bank supervision, Banks, Financial instruments, Financial institutions, Risk management, Multilateral surveillance, Nonbank financial sector, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Fund role, Crises

This paper explores the private- and public-sector responses to the crisis and some of the probable outcomes. Aside from improved supervision of individual institutions, greater emphasis needs to be put on financia...

Trade and the Crisis
			: Protect or Recover

Trade and the Crisis : Protect or Recover »

Volume/Issue: 2010/07

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Mika Saito , Christian Henn , Rob Gregory , and Brad McDonald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455251216.004

ISBN: 9781455251216

Keywords: Protectionism, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Trade restrictions, Trade policy, Unemployment, World Trade Organization, Transparency, WTO, trade flows, world trade

The pace of trade reforms waned from the mid-2000s as protectionist sentiment began to increase. With the onset of the global financial crisis, reform progress not only halted but began to reverse. As we show in th...

Petroleum Product Subsidies
			: Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise »

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455239108.004

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy

Rethinking Macroeconomic Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2010/03

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455224982.004

ISBN: 9781455224982

Keywords: Bank credit, Bank regulations, Bank supervision, Central bank role, Economic policy, Economic stabilization, Financial crisis, Financial intermediation, Fiscal policy, Inflation targeting

The great moderation lulled macroeconomists and policymakers alike in the belief that we knew how to conduct macroeconomic policy. The crisis clearly forces us to question that assessment. In this paper, we review...

Approaches to Corporate Debt Restructuring in the Wake of Financial Crises

Approaches to Corporate Debt Restructuring in the Wake of Financial Crises »

Volume/Issue: 2010/02

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Thomas Laryea

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462384846.004

ISBN: 9781462384846

Keywords: Corporate sector, Corporate governance, Debt strategy, Debt restructuring, Debt restructuring, Bankruptcy, Banking sector, Bank restructuring, Asset management, Financial crisis

This paper starts from a discussion of the economic case for moderated government intervention in debt restructuring in the nonfinancial corporate sector. It then draws on lessons from past crises to explain three...

Global Imbalances
			: In Midstream?

Global Imbalances : In Midstream? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/29

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462333387.004

ISBN: 9781462333387

Keywords: Financial crisis, Capital flows, Asset prices, Current account deficits, Cross country analysis, Capital markets, Private savings, Private investment, Investment, International financial system

...

Unconventional Choices for Unconventional Times Credit and Quantitative Easing in Advanced Economies

Unconventional Choices for Unconventional Times Credit and Quantitative Easing in Advanced Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2009/27

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Vladimir Klyuev , Phil De Imus , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462382828.004

ISBN: 9781462382828

Keywords: Credit controls, Credit easing, quantitative easing, liquidity, monetary policy, central banks, central bank, balance sheets, interest, financial institutions

...

The State of Public Finances Cross-Country Fiscal Monitor
			: November 2009

The State of Public Finances Cross-Country Fiscal Monitor : November 2009 »

Volume/Issue: 2009/25

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462349531.004

ISBN: 9781462349531

Keywords: Fiscal sustainability, Global financial crisis, policy response, fiscal policy, fiscal stimulus, debt sustainability, exit strategies, debt, interest, deficit

...

Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers

Automatic Fiscal Stabilizers »

Volume/Issue: 2009/23

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Steven Symansky , and Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455290567.004

ISBN: 9781455290567

Keywords: Fiscal stability, macroeconomic stabilization, personal income tax, income tax, taxes, fiscal policy, tax rates

This paper discusses how to enhance automatic stabilizers without increasing the size of government. We distinguish between permanent changes in the parameters of the tax and expenditure system (e.g., changes in ta...

The State of Public Finances
			: A Cross-Country Fiscal Monitor

The State of Public Finances : A Cross-Country Fiscal Monitor »

Volume/Issue: 2009/21

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Paolo Mauro , Mark Horton , and Manmohan Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455257270.004

ISBN: 9781455257270

Keywords: Emerging markets, Global financial crisis, policy response, fiscal policy, fiscal stimulus, fiscal sustainability, debt sustainability, exit strategies, debt, interest

...

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis
			: Challenges and Policy Options

Collecting Taxes During an Economic Crisis : Challenges and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2009/17

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Brondolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462339440.004

ISBN: 9781462339440

Keywords: Financial crisis, Corporate sector, Collection of taxes, Fiscal policy, Tax collection, Tax administration, Tax revenues, Value added tax, taxpayers, tax agencies

The global financial and economic crisis presents major challenges for tax agencies. With the economic downturn, tax agencies are encountering emerging compliance problems and greater demands for taxpayer support i...

Coping with the Crisis
			: Policy Options for Emerging Market Countries

Coping with the Crisis : Policy Options for Emerging Market Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2009/08

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Christopher Crowe , Jonathan Ostry , Jun Kim , Marcos Chamon , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462323296.004

ISBN: 9781462323296

Keywords: Emerging markets, exchange rate, fiscal policy, foreign exchange, interest rates, foreign currency

...

Addressing Information Gaps

Addressing Information Gaps »

Volume/Issue: 2009/06

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Christian Mulder , Phil De Imus , L. Psalida , Jeanne Gobat , R. Johnston , Mangal Goswami , and Francisco Vazquez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455294602.004

ISBN: 9781455294602

Keywords: Credit risk, Data analysis, Data quality assessment framework, Capital markets, Financial sector, Financial institutions, Financial instruments, Financial crisis, Economic models, Economic indicators

...

Why Has Japan Been Hit So Hard by the Global Recession?

Why Has Japan Been Hit So Hard by the Global Recession? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Martin Sommer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 March 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455282494.004

ISBN: 9781455282494

Keywords: Demand, Domestic investment, Consumption, Consumer goods, Exports, Financial crisis, Manufacturing sector, International trade, Industrial sector, Private sector

...

Gauging Risks for Deflation

Gauging Risks for Deflation »

Volume/Issue: 2009/01

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067295.004

ISBN: 9781589067295

Keywords: Fiscal policy, monetary policy, interest rates, exchange rate, central banks, central bank

...