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Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing
			: Design, Implementation, and Fiscal Implications

Automatic Fuel Pricing Mechanisms with Price Smoothing : Design, Implementation, and Fiscal Implications »

Volume: 12

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): David Coady , Javier Arze del Granado , Luc Eyraud , and Anita Tuladhar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566949.005

ISBN: 9781475566949

Keywords: Petroleum products, price smoothing, fuel taxes, price, prices, retail, pricing, volatility

Many developing and emerging countries do not fully pass-through increases in international fuel prices to domestic retail prices, with adverse consequences for fuel tax revenues and tax volatility. The adoption of...

How Resilient Are Military Expenditures in the Context of Fund-Supported Programs?

How Resilient Are Military Expenditures in the Context of Fund-Supported Programs? »

Volume/Issue: 1988/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972139.001

ISBN: 9781451972139

Keywords: military, expenditure, military spending, military expenditures, government expenditure

This paper examines how military spending has been affected by Fund-supported programs. It looks at the changes in military expenditure as a share of gross domestic product (MIL/GDP) and of total expenditure (MIL/E...