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Challenges for Central Banking
			: Perspectives from Latin America

Challenges for Central Banking : Perspectives from Latin America »

Series: Books

Author(s): Luis I. Jacome H. , Yan Carriere-Swallow , Hamid Faruqee , and Krishna Srinivasan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591766.071

ISBN: 9781513591766

Keywords: central banking, Latin America, monetary independence, economic integration, term premium, monetary policy, forward guidance, macroprudential policies, monetary frameworks, reserve requirements

In the wake of the 2008-09 global financial crisis, central banking and monetary policy in many corners of the world came under intense pressure and entered unchartered waters. The breadth and scale of central ban...

Preventing the Next Financial Crisis

Preventing the Next Financial Crisis »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Erlend Nier , and Gregg Forte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513502137.051

ISBN: 9781513502137

Keywords: Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Macroprudential Policy, banks, bank, credit, financial institutions, lending

The financial crisis that began in 2007 brought much of the global economy to its knees and nearly triggered another Great Depression. The financial storm gradually died down in 2009, at least in the United States,...

Benefits and Costs of Bank Capital

Benefits and Costs of Bank Capital »

Volume/Issue: 2016/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jihad Dagher , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , Luc Laeven , Lev Ratnovski , and Hui Tong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498387712.006

ISBN: 9781498387712

Keywords: Bank capital, Cost of capital, United States, Banking crisis, Capital requirements, Risk management, General equilibrium models, Bank Capital, TLAC, Financial Regulation

The appropriate level of bank capital and, more generally, a bank's capacity to absorb losses, has been at the core of the post-crisis policy debate. This paper contributes to the debate by focusing on how much cap...

Argentina

Argentina »

Volume/Issue: 2016/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498391962.002

ISBN: 9781498391962

Keywords: bank, banks, insurance, capital, deposit insurance, Argentina, Western Hemisphere

This paper discusses the financial crisis management and crisis preparedness framework of Argentina. Although Argentina has a well-developed financial safety net that has provided timely support to stressed institu...

Haiti
			: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation and Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility

Haiti : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation and Request for a Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility »

Volume/Issue: 2015/157

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513588209.002

ISBN: 9781513588209

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Reserves, Economic indicators, Debt sustainability analysis, Staff Reports, Press releases, Extended Credit Facility

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that a drought that affected agricultural output slowed Haiti's GDP growth to 2.7 percent in FY2014, but inflation remained in the mid-single digits. The overall fiscal...

Fiscal Monitor, October 2014
			: Back to Work:  How Fiscal Policy Can Help

Fiscal Monitor, October 2014 : Back to Work: How Fiscal Policy Can Help »

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498375702.089

ISBN: 9781498375702

Keywords: employment, labor market, fiscal policy, unemployment, labor force

At a time when job creation tops the policy agenda globally, this issue of the Fiscal Monitor explores if and how fiscal policy can do more for jobs. It finds that while fiscal policy cannot substitute for compreh...

Global Financial Stability Report, October 2014
			: Risk Taking, Liquidity, and Shadow Banking:  Curbing Excess while Promoting Growth

Global Financial Stability Report, October 2014 : Risk Taking, Liquidity, and Shadow Banking: Curbing Excess while Promoting Growth »

Series: Global Financial Stability Report

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498390811.082

ISBN: 9781498390811

Keywords: banking, financial stability, risk taking, bond, bonds

The October 2014 issue finds that six years after the start of the crisis, the global economic recovery continues to rely heavily on accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies. Monetary accommodation rem...

Bank Size and Systemic Risk

Bank Size and Systemic Risk »

Volume/Issue: 2014/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Luc Laeven , Lev Ratnovski , and Hui Tong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484363720.006

ISBN: 9781484363720

Keywords: Financial Structure, Financial Regulation, banking, bank size, bank risk, banks with assets, bank activities, General,

The proposed SDN documents the evolution of bank size and activities over the past 20 years. It discusses whether this evolution can be explained by economies of scale or 'too big to fail' subsidies. The paper then...

Paraguay
			: Selected Issues

Paraguay : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/61

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475513745.002

ISBN: 9781475513745

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Economic models, Paraguay, Selected issues, Monetary policy, banking, banking system, financial statement analysis, net interest margin

This Selected Issues paper analyses Paraguay's effective interest spreads using various methodologies. Interest rate spreads in Paraguay continue to be some of the highest in Latin America. A series of bank crises...

Barbados
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Barbados : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2014/53

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484300404.002

ISBN: 9781484300404

Keywords: Barbados, banking, capital adequacy, credit union, sovereign risk, deposit insurance

This report evaluates the stability of the financial system in Barbados. The findings reveal that Barbados has a relatively well developed financial system, including a large offshore sector. The onshore system is...

El Salvador
			: Detailed Assessment of Compliance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

El Salvador : Detailed Assessment of Compliance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2014/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475554465.002

ISBN: 9781475554465

Keywords: Financial Sector Assessment Program, El Salvador, Basel Core Principles, Banking sector, Bank supervision, Deposit insurance, Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes, banking, bank law, capital adequacy

This paper presents an assessment of compliance with the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision in El Salvador. The regulatory authority Superintendencia del Sistema Financiero (SSF) has taken a nu...

El Salvador
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

El Salvador : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2014/44

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475513790.002

ISBN: 9781475513790

Keywords: Capital markets, Bank supervision, Banks, Basel Core Principles, El Salvador, Article IV consultation reports, Bank soundness, Bank legislation, Economic indicators, Financial sector

This paper presents an assessment of financial sector stability in El Salvador. The findings reveal that the financial system of El Salvador was resilient in the face of the global shocks and political uncertainty...

El Salvador
			: Technical Note on Safety Nets and Crisis Management Arrangements

El Salvador : Technical Note on Safety Nets and Crisis Management Arrangements »

Volume/Issue: 2014/46

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475588118.002

ISBN: 9781475588118

Keywords: Deposit insurance, Bank supervision, Bank legislation, Bank resolution, El Salvador, Financial Sector Assessment Program, Financial safety nets, Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes, Risk management, Liquidity management

This Technical Note presents an assessment of safety nets and crisis management arrangements in El Salvador. In El Salvador, the bank safety net-emergency liquidity assistance, resolution, and deposit insurance-fac...

Creating a Safer Financial System
			: Will the Volcker, Vickers, and Liikanen Structural Measures Help?

Creating a Safer Financial System : Will the Volcker, Vickers, and Liikanen Structural Measures Help? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): José Vinãls , Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Jay Surti , Aditya Narain , Michaela Erbenova , and Julian Chow

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340943.006

ISBN: 9781484340943

Keywords: Capital, Bank supervision, Banking sector, Bank reforms, Bank resolution, International financial system, Risk management, Bank business models, least cost resolution, risk reduction

The U.S., the U.K., and more recently, the E.U., have proposed policy measures directly targeting complexity and business structures of banks. Unlike other, price-based reforms (e.g., Basel 3 and G-SIFI surcharges)...

A Banking Union for the Euro Area

A Banking Union for the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2013/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Rishi Goyal , Petya Koeva Brooks , Mahmood Pradhan , Thierry Tressel , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475521160.006

ISBN: 9781475521160

Keywords: Austria, Bank regulations, Bank resolution, Bank supervision, Belgium, Banking systems, Deposit insurance, Euro Area, Europe, Financial safety nets

The SDN elaborates the case for, and the design of, a banking union for the euro area. It discusses the benefits and costs of a banking union, presents a steady state view of the banking union, elaborates difficult...

Government Cash Management
			: Relationship between the Treasury and the Central Bank

Government Cash Management : Relationship between the Treasury and the Central Bank »

Volume: 12

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Mario Pessoa , and Michael Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616355487.005

ISBN: 9781616355487

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Central bank, debt management, fiscal policy, monetary policy, public finance, public financial management, treasury, treasury single account, debt

This technical note and manual (TNM) addresses the following main issues: Interaction between treasury cash management and monetary policy operations within the wider context of the respective economic responsibili...

Shadow Banking
			: Economics and Policy

Shadow Banking : Economics and Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2012/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stijn Claessens , Lev Ratnovski , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583588.006

ISBN: 9781475583588

Keywords: Financial stability, Financial crises, Central banks and their policies, Shadow banking, macroprudential regulation, macroeconomic policy, banking, banking system, bank for international settlements, banking activities

This note outlines the basic economics of the shadow banking system, highlights (systemic) risks related to it, and suggests implications for measurement and regulatory approaches....

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries

Commodity Price Volatility and Inclusive Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Books

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , Catherine Pattillo , Marc Quintyn , and Min Zhu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353797.071

ISBN: 9781616353797

Keywords: hedging, fiscal policy, inflation, terms of trade, food prices

In the years following the global financial crisis, many low-income countries experienced rapid recovery and strong economic growth. However, many are now facing enormous difficulties because of rapidly rising food...

Estimating the Costs of Financial Regulation

Estimating the Costs of Financial Regulation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/11

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Andre Santos , and Douglas Elliott

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510089.006

ISBN: 9781475510089

Keywords: Capital markets, Banks, Bank supervision, Bank reforms, Financial institutions, Basel III, Systemically Important Institutions, Financial Regulation, Capital Requirements, Liquidity Requirements

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

From Bail-out to Bail-in
			: Mandatory Debt Restructuring of Systemic Financial Institutions

From Bail-out to Bail-in : Mandatory Debt Restructuring of Systemic Financial Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2012/3

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Virginia Rutledge , Michael Moore , Marc Dobler , Wouter Bossu , Nadège Jassaud , and Jianping Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 April 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503906.006

ISBN: 9781475503906

Keywords: Financial institutions, Financial risk, Financial stability, Debt restructuring, Bank capitalization, Banks, Banking crisis, Intervention, Financial regulatory reforms, bailout

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Treasury Single Account
			: An Essential Tool for Government Cash Management

Treasury Single Account : An Essential Tool for Government Cash Management »

Volume: 11

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Israel Fainboim Yaker , and Sailendra Pattanayak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504699.005

ISBN: 9781475504699

Keywords: treasury single account, TSA, banking arrangement, bank accounts, cash management, liquidity management, treasury management, transaction processing, public financial management, bank

This technical note and manual addresses the following main issues: 1. Discusses the problems of fragmented government banking arrangements and how a treasury single account (TSA) could address them. 2. Explain...

The Too-Important-to-Fail Conundrum
			: Impossible to Ignore and Difficult to Resolve

The Too-Important-to-Fail Conundrum : Impossible to Ignore and Difficult to Resolve »

Volume/Issue: 2011/12

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Inci Ötker , Aditya Narain , Anna Ilyina , and Jay Surti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926588.006

ISBN: 9781463926588

Keywords: Bank capital, Financial stability, Moral hazard, Financial crises, too big to fail, too important to fail, resolution, financial regulation, contingent capital, bail-in

DISCLAIMER: This Staff Discussion Note represents the views of the authors and does not necessarily represent IMF views or IMF policy. The views expressed herein should be attributed to the authors and not to the I...

Crisis Management and Resolution
			: Early Lessons from the Financial Crisis

Crisis Management and Resolution : Early Lessons from the Financial Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2011/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , Luc Laeven , Oana Nedelescu , Stijn Claessens , Fabian Valencia , Marc Dobler , and Katharine Seal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455286546.006

ISBN: 9781455286546

Keywords: Financial crises, Financial stability, Crisis management, Asset restructuring, Burden sharing, Moral hazard, Stress tests, resolution, too big to fail, financial institutions

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Subsidiaries or Branches
			: Does One Size Fit All?

Subsidiaries or Branches : Does One Size Fit All? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/4

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Fiechter , Inci Ötker , Anna Ilyina , Michael Hsu , Andre Santos , and Jay Surti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455288564.006

ISBN: 9781455288564

Keywords: Cross-border banking, Bank regulations, Banks, Financial stability, Financial regulation, Stand-alone subsidiarization, Ringfencing, Subsidiary model, Branch model, Resolution

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Impact of Regulatory Reforms on Large and Complex Financial Institutions

Impact of Regulatory Reforms on Large and Complex Financial Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2010/16

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Inci Ötker , and Ceyla Pazarbasioglu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462345496.004

ISBN: 9781462345496

Keywords: Financial reform, Capital requirements, Basel Core Principles, Bank supervision, Banking, Capital controls, Bank reforms, Bank regulations, Liquidity controls, Basel III

Financial sector reforms are being considered to address the risks posed by large and complex financial institutions (LCFIs). The vast majority of global finance is intermediated by a handful of these institutions...

Unwinding Financial Sector Interventions
			: Preconditions and Practical Considerations

Unwinding Financial Sector Interventions : Preconditions and Practical Considerations »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Michael Papaioannou , and Udaibir Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069893.072

ISBN: 9781589069893

Keywords: financial sector, financial institutions, fiscal policy, financial stability, financial system

As the financial crisis abates, governments are faced with the challenge of balancing the withdrawal of fiscal support with reestablishing sound public finances and sustainable growth. This volume presents papers f...

Shaping the New Financial System

Shaping the New Financial System »

Volume/Issue: 2010/15

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Marina Moretti , Aditya Narain , Laura Kodres , Ceyla Pazarbasioglu , José Vinãls , and Jonathan Fiechter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455267361.004

ISBN: 9781455267361

Keywords: Financial crisis, Financial risk, Financial markets, Financial stability, Capital markets, Credit risk, Bank reforms, Bank regulations, Bank resolution, Banking sector

Three years after the onset of the global financial crisis, much has been done to reform the global financial system, but there is much left to accomplish. The regulatory reform agenda agreed by G-20 leaders in 200...

Monetary Policy and Bank Risk-Taking

Monetary Policy and Bank Risk-Taking »

Volume/Issue: 2010/09

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455253234.004

ISBN: 9781455253234

Keywords: Banks, Asset prices, Monetary policy, Interest rates, Macroprudential Policy, Profits, United States, banking, leverage, risk

This paper contributes to the current debate on what role financial stability considerations should play in monetary policy decision and how best to integrate macro-prudential and monetary policy frameworks. The pa...

Reconstructing the World Economy

Reconstructing the World Economy »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069770.072

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

This volume presents papers from a conference organized by the Korea Development Institute and the IMF. The purpose of this high-level conference was for policymakers and academics from the Asian region and from G-...

Conceptual Design
			: A Critical Element of a Successful Government Financial Management Information System Project

Conceptual Design : A Critical Element of a Successful Government Financial Management Information System Project »

Volume: 10

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Abdul Khan , and Mario Pessoa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455275434.005

ISBN: 9781455275434

Keywords: budget, financial management, budget management, financial management information, budget preparation

This technical note describes need of conceptual design as a critical element of a government financial management information system project. Governments are increasingly turning to computerized financial manageme...

Modernizing Cash Management

Modernizing Cash Management »

Volume: 09

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Ian Lienert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462304127.005

ISBN: 9781462304127

Keywords: government cash management, cash planning, reforms, cash management, budget, central bank, debt, revenues

This technical note describes the objectives of modern cash management. The note highlights that cash management is necessary because there are mismatches between the timing of payments and the availability of cash...

Transition to Accrual Accounting

Transition to Accrual Accounting »

Volume: 09

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Abdul Khan , and Stephen Mayes

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462371730.005

ISBN: 9781462371730

Keywords: Government accounting, goverment accounting, accural accounting, cash accounting, GFSM 2001, goverment financial reporting, IPSASB, accounting standards, budget classification, chart of accounts

This technical note and manual addresses the following main questions: 1. What is accrual accounting? 2. What are the reasons for moving from cash to accrual accounting? 3. What are the differences between accrual...

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis

Fiscal Implications of the Global Economic and Financial Crisis »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068506.084

ISBN: 9781589068506

Keywords: Budgets, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Financial institutions, Public finance, Pension funds, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Fiscal stability, financial sector, deposit insurance

The economic and financial crisis is affecting the fiscal accounts of virtually every country. Public sector support for the financial system, fiscal stimulus and the automatic stabilizers, as well as the revenue d...

Global Financial Regulatory Reform
			: Implications for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC)

Global Financial Regulatory Reform : Implications for Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) »

Volume/Issue: 2009/19

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462378791.004

ISBN: 9781462378791

Keywords: Financial institutions, Financial systems, Bank reforms, Bank regulations, Banking sector, Bank supervision, Basel Core Principles, Caribbean, Central banks, Governance

The Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region has weathered the global financial crisis reasonably well so far, although tighter global financial conditions began to take their toll on trade, capital flows and econo...

Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization
			: The Case of Uruguay

Macroeconomic Implications of Financial Dollarization : The Case of Uruguay »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Gelos , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , and Marco Piñón-Farah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067271.084

ISBN: 9781589067271

Keywords: Dollarization, Banking sector, Exchange rate regimes, External sector, Fiscal sustainability, Fiscal reforms, inflation, monetary policy, central bank, foreign currency

Uruguay has experienced a remarkable recovery since the 2002 crisis, supported by sound policies and favorable external conditions. With the framework put in place in 2002, Uruguay abandoned an exchange rate peg in...

IMF Support and Crisis Prevention

IMF Support and Crisis Prevention »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Juan Zalduendo , Alun Thomas , Jun Kim , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Bikas Joshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067097.084

ISBN: 9781589067097

Keywords: Balance of payments assistance, Emerging markets, Foreign exchange reserves, Fund role, Multilateral surveillance, capital account, crisis prevention, capital account crises, capital account crisis, current account

This paper examines the various roles of IMF financing in crisis prevention. Emerging market economies that experienced financial crises in the past have been subject to enormous economic and social costs, highligh...

Northern Star
			: Canada's Path to Economic Prosperity

Northern Star : Canada's Path to Economic Prosperity »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Vladimir Klyuev , Martin Mühleisen , and Tamim Bayoumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 October 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066144.084

ISBN: 9781589066144

Keywords: Economic growth, Energy, Banking, Inflation targeting, pension, inflation, retirement, monetary policy, ld

Robust GDP growth, declining unemployment, low and stable inflation, and a string of fiscal and current account surpluses -- it's a record to be envied. These outcomes in Canada owe much to sound macroeconomic poli...

The Design and Implementation of Deposit Insurance Systems

The Design and Implementation of Deposit Insurance Systems »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): David Hoelscher , Michael Taylor , and Ulrich Klueh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589065031.084

ISBN: 9781589065031

Keywords: Deposit insurance, insurance system, banking, insurance systems, deposit insurance systems

This paper describes recently established deposit insurance systems, identifying emerging trends. In line with previous IMF work on the subject, it argues against the development of "best practices" applicable to a...

Official Foreign Exchange Intervention

Official Foreign Exchange Intervention »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Cem Karacadag , Roberto Guimarães , and Shogo Ishii

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064218.084

ISBN: 9781589064218

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, central bank, exchange rate volatility

Despite increasing exchange rate flexibility, central banks in emerging markets still intervene in their foreign exchange markets for several reasons. In doing so, they face many operational questions, including on...

Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis

Access to Trade Finance in Times of Crisis »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Jian-Ye Wang , and Márcio Ronci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064041.072

ISBN: 9781589064041

Keywords: Trade, export credit, export credit agencies, debt, credit lines, exporters

Trade finance has long been an important component of international financial flows. Firms in emerging market economies, in particular, rely heavily on bank-financed trade credits to support their export and import...

Debt-Related Vulnerabilities and Financial Crises

Debt-Related Vulnerabilities and Financial Crises »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Brad Setser , Ioannis Halikias , Alexander Pitt , Christoph Rosenberg , Brett House , Jens Nystedt , and Christian Keller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064256.084

ISBN: 9781589064256

Keywords: banking, banking system, external debt, public debt, central bank

The analysis of currency and maturity mismatches in sectoral balance sheets has increasingly become a regular element in the IMF's tool kit for surveillance in emerging market countries. This paper describes this s...

Paraguay
			: Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System

Paraguay : Corruption, Reform, and the Financial System »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Jeffrey Franks , Randa Sab , Valerie Mercer-Blackman , and Roberto Benelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064201.058

ISBN: 9781589064201

Keywords: Economic reforms, Financial systems, exchange rate, banking, bonds, banking system, financial system

Following some historical background, this paper describes how corruption is manifested in Paraguay. The paper distinguishes between factors that explain the growth performance of Paraguay since 1960 (where corrupt...

Mauritius
			: Challenges of Sustained Growth

Mauritius : Challenges of Sustained Growth »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): James Yao , Gamal El-Masry , Padamja Khandelwal , and Emilio Sacerdoti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064164.058

ISBN: 9781589064164

Keywords: Development, Economic growth, inflation, monetary policy, financial system, export sector, banking

Mauritius has achieved remarkable success since its independence in 1968. It has one of the highest per capita GDPs in Africa, the economy has diversified from complete dependence on the sugar crop, into textiles,...

Lessons from the Crisis in Argentina

Lessons from the Crisis in Argentina »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Christina Daseking , Atish Ghosh , Timothy Lane , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063594.084

ISBN: 9781589063594

Keywords: exchange rate, currency board, central bank, debt dynamics, public debt

In 2001- 02, Argentina experienced one of the worst economic crises in its history. A default on government debt, which occurred against the backdrop of a prolonged recession, sent the Argentine currency and econom...

Stabilization and Reform in Latin America
			: A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s

Stabilization and Reform in Latin America : A Macroeconomic Perspective of the Experience Since the 1990s »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Agnes Belaisch , Charles Collyns , Paula De Masi , Guy Meredith , Anoop Singh , Reva Krieger , and Robert Rennhack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062504.084

ISBN: 9781589062504

Keywords: Economic reforms, Economic recovery, Latin America, exchange rate, inflation, banking, exchange rate regimes, dollarization

This study examines external and domestic influences on Latin America's economic performance over the past decade and a half. It notes that over the past few years, macroeconomic policies have strengthened and stru...

Chile
			: Institutions and Policies Underpinning Stability and Growth

Chile : Institutions and Policies Underpinning Stability and Growth »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eliot Kalter , Steven Phillips , Manmohan Singh , Mauricio Villafuerte , Rodolfo Luzio , and Marco Espinosa-Vega

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063259.084

ISBN: 9781589063259

Keywords: Economic growth, central bank, inflation, capital markets, banking, external debt

This paper presents the primary institutions and economic policies that have led to Chile's remarkable record of stability and growth over the past twenty years. The core of this policy stance is the combination of...

Financial Stability in Dollarized Economies

Financial Stability in Dollarized Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anne Gulde , David Hoelscher , Alain Ize , Dewitt Marston , and Gianni De Nicolo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062962.084

ISBN: 9781589062962

Keywords: Dollarization, Financial stability, banking, foreign exchange, banking system, exchange rate

This paper addresses the challenges to prudential supervision in highly dollarized economies, where central banks and supervisors may be constrained in the use of standard money and financial policy tools. The stud...

Issues in the Establishment of Asset Management Companies

Issues in the Establishment of Asset Management Companies »

Volume/Issue: 2004/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Stefan Ingves , Steven Seelig , and Dong He

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974225.003

ISBN: 9781451974225

Keywords: Asset management, Bank restructuring, Financial crisis, corporate restructuring, loan restructuring, restructuring, asset management companies, impaired assets, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper discusses the role of asset management companies (AMCs) in facilitating bank restructuring and specifies some policy lessons learned from international experience. The paper concludes that there is no si...

Challenges to Central Banking from Globalized Financial Systems

Challenges to Central Banking from Globalized Financial Systems »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Andrea Schaechter , Piero Ugolini , and Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062177.072

ISBN: 9781589062177

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, central bank, financial stability, foreign currency

Increasing global financial market integration is presenting new challenges to central banks as they seek to attain low inflation and financial stability. This volume is based on a conference hosted by the IMF in S...

Financial Integration in Central America
			: Prospects and Adjustment Needs

Financial Integration in Central America : Prospects and Adjustment Needs »

Volume/Issue: 2003/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Jorge Canales Kriljenko , Padamja Khandelwal , and Alexander Lehmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974195.003

ISBN: 9781451974195

Keywords: Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, Guatemala, Trade liberalization, CAFTA, Trade in Financial Services

We assess the current barriers to trade in financial services in the six Central American countries seeking a free trade agreement with the United States (the CAFTA) and examine the relative merits of regional and...

Managing Systemic Banking Crises

Managing Systemic Banking Crises »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Marc Quintyn , and David Hoelscher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062245.084

ISBN: 9781589062245

Keywords: Banking, banking crises, recapitalization, debt restructuring, deposit insurance

Recent financial sector crises and their resolution have raised new issues and provided additional experiences to draw on in the future. Banking sector problems in Russia, Turkey, and a few Latin American countries...

Fiscal Vulnerability and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies

Fiscal Vulnerability and Financial Crises in Emerging Market Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Richard Hemming , Axel Schimmelpfennig , and Michael Kell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061965.084

ISBN: 9781589061965

Keywords: Emerging markets, fiscal variables, public debt, currency crises, fiscal policy, external debt

Fiscal problems have long been considered a central feature of financial--that is, currency, debt, and banking--crises. This paper addresses four questions: What are the fiscal causes of crises? Which fiscal vulner...

Managing Financial Crises
			: Recent Experience and Lessons for Latin America

Managing Financial Crises : Recent Experience and Lessons for Latin America »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): G. Kincaid , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062085.084

ISBN: 9781589062085

Keywords: Latin America, monetary policy, inflation, banking, debt restructuring, central bank

This paper seeks to draw lessons from the IMF's experience in handling financial crises around the globe over the past ten years that are relevant to the challenges faced by countries in Latin America, especially i...

Financial Risks, Stability, and Globalization

Financial Risks, Stability, and Globalization »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Omotunde Johnson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060128.072

ISBN: 9781589060128

Keywords: Financial stability, Risk premium, banking, financial system, financial sector, regulation, financial institutions

This book covers financial sector stability issues in the following areas: risk management and governance in financial institutions; financial crises and contagion; domestic monetary and financial policies; and int...

Issues in Electronic Banking
			: An Overview

Issues in Electronic Banking : An Overview »

Volume/Issue: 2002/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Andrea Schaechter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972177.003

ISBN: 9781451972177

Keywords: Bank regulations, Banking supervision, electronic banking, banking regulation, banking services, monetary authority, money laundering, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

Using electronic delivery channels for banking services and products has become increasingly popular in recent years. Electronic banking makes it possible to offer banking services around the world 24 hours a day....

The Eastern Caribbean Currency Union
			: Institutions, Performance, and Policy Issues

The Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Institutions, Performance, and Policy Issues »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ruby Randall , Jorge Shepherd , Frits Van Beek , J. Rosales , and Mayra Zermeno

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 August 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758941.084

ISBN: 9781557758941

Keywords: loans, interest, treasury bills, banking, liabilities

The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank is one of just a few regional central banks in the world and the only one where the member countries have pooled all their foreign reserves, the convertability of the common curre...

Large-Scale Post-Crisis Corporate Sector Restructuring

Large-Scale Post-Crisis Corporate Sector Restructuring »

Volume/Issue: 2000/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971538.003

ISBN: 9781451971538

Keywords: Corporate sector, Financial crisis, Financial crises, Corporate restructuring, Financial restructuring, restructuring, recapitalization, debt restructuring, bank restructuring

This paper summarizes the objectives, tasks, and modalities of large-scale, post-crisis corporate restructuring based on nine recent episodes with a view to organizing the policy choices and drawing some general co...

Capital Controls
			: Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758743.084

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

This paper examines country experiences with the use and liberalization of capital controls to develop a deeper understanding of the role of capital controls in coping with volatile capital flows, as well as the is...

Macroprudential Indicators of Financial System Soundness

Macroprudential Indicators of Financial System Soundness »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Paul Hilbers , Alfredo Leone , Mahinder Gill , and Owen Evens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758910.084

ISBN: 9781557758910

Keywords: financial institutions, banking, financial system, financial sector, standards

Following the severe financial crises of the 1990s, identifying and assessing financial sector vulnerabilities has become a key priority of the international community. The costly disruptions in global markets unde...

Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies

Monetary Policy in Dollarized Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett , Eduardo Borensztein , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757579.084

ISBN: 9781557757579

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, currency substitution, inflation, dollarization

Dollarization - the holding by residents of a substantial portion of their assets in foreign-currency-denominated assets- is a common feature of developing and transition economies, and therefore typical of many co...

Lessons From Systemic Bank Restructing

Lessons From Systemic Bank Restructing »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757395.051

ISBN: 9781557757395

Keywords: banking, bank restructuring, systemic bank restructuring, banking system, banking crisis

Systemic bank restructing aims to improve bank performance - that is, restore solvency and profitability, improve the banking system's capacity to provide financial intermediation between savers and borrowers, and...

Currency Board Arrangements
			: Issues and Experiences

Currency Board Arrangements : Issues and Experiences »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch , and Tomás Baliño

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756688.084

ISBN: 9781557756688

Keywords: exchange rate, central bank, inflation, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of the attractions and disadvantages of currency board arrangements in their various institutional configurations. It asks what defines a currency board arrangement, wha...

Protecting Bank Deposits

Protecting Bank Deposits »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 August 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756428.051

ISBN: 9781557756428

Keywords: deposit insurance, banking, banking system, bank managers, insurance system

Banking crises have led many countries to consider deposit insuranceschemes to protect depositors and the banking system itself from the impact of bank failures. But should society be unconditionally responsible fo...

Capital Flows in the APEC Region

Capital Flows in the APEC Region »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754660.084

ISBN: 9781557754660

Keywords: capital inflows, capital flows, bond, bonds, bond issues

The developing economies of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) have been the recipients of a considerable volume of capital inflows in the 1990s. Given the increased integration of capital markets, it is...

Financial Fragilities in Latin America
			: The 1980s and 1990s

Financial Fragilities in Latin America : The 1980s and 1990s »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Steven Weisbrod , and Liliana Rojas-Suárez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755025.084

ISBN: 9781557755025

Keywords: banking, banking system, central bank, foreign exchange, reserve requirements

By reviewing the experiences of Latin American countries with the restructuring of their financial sectors since 1982, this paper derives lessons regarding the most effective ways to deal with banking difficulties...

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754899.084

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

This paper examines the experience of implementing indirect instruments of monetary policy. The experiences of country studies illustrate the variety of circumstances under which indirect instruments of monetary po...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1995

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1995 »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451944990.011

ISBN: 9781451944990

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, inflation, balance of payments

The Annual Report to the Board of Governors reviews the IMF's activities and policies during any given year. There are five chapters: (1) Overview, (2) Developments in the Global Economy and Financial Markets, (3)...

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government
			: Theory and Practice

Limiting Central Bank Credit to the Government : Theory and Practice »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753588.084

ISBN: 9781557753588

Keywords: central bank, current account, monetary policy, inflation, central banks

This paper examines central bank independence with reference to the constraints on central bank credit to the government, focusing on how such credit should be regulated. It discusses why credit should be contsrain...

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows

Recent Experiences with Surges in Capital Inflows »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Robert Kahn , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753502.084

ISBN: 9781557753502

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, foreign exchange, capital outflows, current account

This paper explores the experience of six countries (Chile, Colombia, Egypt, Mexico, Spain and Thailand) with capital inflows. It illustrates that although capital inflows are usually beneficial, too great an inflo...

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Recent Experience

Restructuring of Commercial Bank Debt by Developing Countries : Lessons from Recent Experience »

Volume/Issue: 1993/7

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Mohamed El-Erian , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451971187.003

ISBN: 9781451971187

Keywords: debt reduction, debt restructuring, bank debt, debt service, debt service reduction

A number of developing countries, including some of the largest debtors, have recently completed comprehensive debt and debt service restructuring packages with their commercial bank creditors. The experience of th...

Mexico
			: The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth

Mexico : The Strategy to Achieve Sustained Economic Growth »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Claudio Loser , and Eliot Kalter

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557753120.084

ISBN: 9781557753120

Keywords: inflation, bonds, bond, real interest rates, inflation rate

This paper explores the reasons behind the recent transformation and upturn of the Mexican economy. the changes are the result of the authorities' determination to stick with a difficult reform program since the ea...

The United States Economy
			: Performance and Issues

The United States Economy : Performance and Issues »

Series: Books

Author(s): Yusuke Horiguchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 January 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752314.071

ISBN: 9781557752314

Keywords: health care, exchange rates, social security, equation, unemployment

This book, by a staff team headed by Yusuke Horiguchi, examines U.S. economic policy and performance in the 1980s, during which the United States enjoyed its longest peacetime expansion. Notwithstanding the buoyant...

Determinants and Systemic Consequences of International Capital Flows

Determinants and Systemic Consequences of International Capital Flows »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): D. Folkerts-Landau , Donald Mathieson , Morris Goldstein , Liliana Rojas-Suárez , José Saúl Lizondo , and Timothy Lane

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752055.084

ISBN: 9781557752055

Keywords: direct investment, foreign direct investment, payments, credit, capital flows

The growing integration of capital markets has strengthened incentives for greater international coordination of economic and financial policies. Structural changes in these financial market, however, may have unde...

Floating Exchange Rates in Developing Countries
			: Experience with Auction and Interbank Markets

Floating Exchange Rates in Developing Countries : Experience with Auction and Interbank Markets »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kyong Huh , Benedicte Christensen , Peter Quirk , and Toshihiko Sasaki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934898.084

ISBN: 9780939934898

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, exchange rates, floating exchange rate, floating exchange rates

In recent years, an increasing number of developing countries have adopted market-determined floating exchange rates. This development has represented a significant step forward in the evolution toward exchange rat...

Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934645.084

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

This is the third in a group of three papers dealing with various aspects of Fund-supported adjustment programs....

International Capital Markets
			: Developments and Prospects

International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , Eliot Kalter , Maxwell Watson , and G. Kincaid

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934591.084

ISBN: 9780939934591

Keywords: bond, bonds, claims, bond issues, international capital markets

This paper provides a description and analysis of recent developments in international capital markets and an assessment of the prospects for private financing flows....

Recent Developments in External Debt Restructuring

Recent Developments in External Debt Restructuring »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): G. Kincaid , K. Dillon , Maxwell Watson , and Chanpen Puckahtikom

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934522.084

ISBN: 9780939934522

Keywords: official creditors, debt restructuring, debtor countries, bank debt, short-term debt

This paper, following two earlier studies, reviews the arrangements for restructuring commercial bank and official debt up to early 1985....

Technical Assistance and Training Services of the International Monetary Fund

Technical Assistance and Training Services of the International Monetary Fund »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451934991.054

ISBN: 9781451934991

Keywords: IMF Institute courses, IMF Institute seminars, banking, central banking, balance of payments, central bank, government finance

This paper describes technical assistance and training services of the IMF. The paper highlights that the IMF's responsibility for providing this assistance and its member countries' need to obtain it, arises out o...

International Capital Markets
			: Developments and Prospects, 1984

International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1984 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Maxwell Watson , Peter Keller , and Donald Mathieson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1984

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750730.084

ISBN: 9781557750730

Keywords: bond, bonds, banking, bank lending, bond issues

This paper provides a description and analysis of recent developments in international capital markets and an assessment of the prospects for private financing flows, in particular to the developing countries....

Recent Multilateral Debt Restructurings with Offcial and Bank Creditors

Recent Multilateral Debt Restructurings with Offcial and Bank Creditors »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eduard Brau , R. Williams , Peter Keller , and M. Nowak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750808.084

ISBN: 9781557750808

Keywords: bank debt, debt restructuring, debt relief, debt renegotiations, debt service

Experience with multilateral debt restructurings with official creditors and with international banks in the second half of the 1970s was described in External Indebtedness of Developing Countries, issued in 1981....

International Capital Markets
			: Developments and Prospects, 1983

International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1983 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): John Lipsky , Peter Keller , Donald Mathieson , and Richard Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750723.084

ISBN: 9781557750723

Keywords: bond, bonds, international capital markets, bond issues, international capital

This paper provides a description and analysis of recent developments in international capital (banking and bond) markets and an assessment of market conditions and prospects for financing flows, in particular...

Aspects of the International Banking Safety Net

Aspects of the International Banking Safety Net »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): G. Johnson , and Richard Abrams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750587.084

ISBN: 9781557750587

Keywords: banking, deposit insurance, banking system, international banks, national bank

During the 1970s, international lending by banks came to play a dominant role in the flow of international finance. In the early 1980s, banks have continued to play a major role, but the recent evidence of strains...

Order in international Finance, the promotion of IMF Stand-By Arrangements, and the Drafting of Priv Loan Agreements

Order in international Finance, the promotion of IMF Stand-By Arrangements, and the Drafting of Priv Loan Agreements »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 1982

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965025.054

ISBN: 9781451965025

Keywords: balance of payments, loan agreement, credit tranches, credit tranche, central bank

This paper discusses the promotion of IMF Stand-By Arrangements (SBAs), the drafting of private loan agreements, and order in international finance. The IMF approves a SBA or an extended arrangement for the benefit...

International Capital Markets
			: Recent Develpments and Short-Term Prospects, 1981

International Capital Markets : Recent Develpments and Short-Term Prospects, 1981 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 1981

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750709.084

ISBN: 9781557750709

Keywords: bond, capital markets, international capital markets, capital market, bond issues

This paper provides a review of recent developments and an assessment of short-term prospects for private international capital markets, which constitute one of the main sources of international capital flows....

International Capital Markets
			: Recent Developments and Short-Term Prospects

International Capital Markets : Recent Developments and Short-Term Prospects »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): R. Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1980

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451981681.084

ISBN: 9781451981681

Keywords: international capital markets, international capital, bond, capital markets, international bond markets

This publication begins a new series, Occassional papers, designed to fill a gap in the range of publications of the IMF. Occasional Papers will not be on a particular theme but will contain studies on a variety of...