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Back Matter

New
Back Matter »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

About one-quarter of the world's central banks apply IFRS with approximately a quarter more looking to IFRS for further guidance where their local standards do not provide enough guidance. Given the varied mandates...

Front Matter

New
Front Matter »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

About one-quarter of the world's central banks apply IFRS with approximately a quarter more looking to IFRS for further guidance where their local standards do not provide enough guidance. Given the varied mandates...

A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

New
A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563602.069

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

About one-quarter of the world's central banks apply IFRS with approximately a quarter more looking to IFRS for further guidance where their local standards do not provide enough guidance. Given the varied mandates...

Introduction

New
Introduction »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

Objective The objective of this guide is to provide central banks with a model set of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS)-compliant financial statements (hereafter ref...

Model Financial Statements

New
Model Financial Statements »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

Overview The model statements have been compiled based on research of financial reports prepared by IFRS compliant central banks from around the world. They are intended to assist ce...

Model Note Disclosures

New
Model Note Disclosures »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

Overview The layout of the note disclosures provided herein differs from the typical presentation. Different options are available—the importance is to adopt a format that helps the...

Note 12 Capital, general and other reserves

New
Note 12 Capital, general and other reserves »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Central banks use a variety of different terminology to describe the equity of the institution. The terminology used here is intended to be...

Note 24 Changes in accounting policies

New
Note 24 Changes in accounting policies »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Changes in accounting policy should be rare and require extensive explanation and disclosure. The most common reason for a change is the imp...

Note 10 Currency in circulation

New
Note 10 Currency in circulation »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context The exclusive right of issuing the local currency banknotes is commonly vested with the central bank. Currency in circulation represents tho...

Note 15 Employee benefits

New
Note 15 Employee benefits »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context For most central banks, employee costs often represent the largest component of its operational costs; only after interest expense in those...

Note 7 Equity investments in and deposits from International Financial Institutions

New
Note 7 Equity investments in and deposits from International Financial Institutions »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context It is common for some central banks to have equity investment in certain financial organizations or institutions such as BIS, International...

Note 26 Events after the reporting period

New
Note 26 Events after the reporting period »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Events after the reporting period are those events, favourable and unfavourable, that occur between the end of the reporting period and the...

Note 21 Fair value of assets and liabilities

New
Note 21 Fair value of assets and liabilities »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context IFRS 13 is the standard which defines fair value and sets out in a single IFRS a framework for measuring fair value; and requires disclosure...

Note 14 Fee and commission income and expense

New
Note 14 Fee and commission income and expense »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Central banks are encouraged to charge fees for services, especially for those services that could be provided through other commercial ente...

Note 3 Financial instruments

New
Note 3 Financial instruments »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context The most common types of financial assets and liabilities that central banks have in their balance sheet include:...

Note 17 General and administrative costs

New
Note 17 General and administrative costs »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context The most common administrative expenses items for central banks include depreciation, utilities, building and equipment maintenance costs an...

Note 13 Interest income and expense

New
Note 13 Interest income and expense »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context The main source of income and of expense for a central bank is interest revenue. Interest revenue will come from both the securities in the...

Note 5 International Monetary Fund related assets and liabilities

New
Note 5 International Monetary Fund related assets and liabilities »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization with 189 member countries. It was established to promote internationa...

Note 8 Inventories

New
Note 8 Inventories »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Central banks do account for inventories depending on the significance of the amounts in the financial statements. Some central banks direct...

Note 6 Monetary gold

New
Note 6 Monetary gold »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Central banks may acquire, retain or undertake operations with monetary gold. Not all gold can be classified as monetary gold. Monetary gold...

Note 11 Other assets and liabilities

New
Note 11 Other assets and liabilities »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Central banks might have other items, on both the assets and liabilities side, which in quantitative terms might be immaterial, but for whic...

Note 16 Printing and minting costs

New
Note 16 Printing and minting costs »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Most central banks are the responsible and authorized entities for the printing of banknotes, and in some cases for minting coins, for their...

Note 20 Profit distributions

New
Note 20 Profit distributions »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Distribution of a central bank’s profit is typically defined by the central bank’s organic law. IFRS does not provide specific guidance on d...

Note 9 Property, plant and equipment, intangibles, and investment properties

New
Note 9 Property, plant and equipment, intangibles, and investment properties »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Central banks require buildings, secure facilities, and equipment to fulfil their mandates. While these are necessary to support the central...

Note 23 Provisions, contingencies and commitments

New
Note 23 Provisions, contingencies and commitments »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Central banks may have provisions related with legal claims, such as from former employees or from contracted companies. Note that, under IF...

Note 19 Realized and unrealized revaluation gains and losses

New
Note 19 Realized and unrealized revaluation gains and losses »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context Realized gains and losses are profits or losses arising from completed transactions. Unrealized revaluation gains and losses refer to profit...

Note 22 Related party disclosures

New
Note 22 Related party disclosures »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context The IFRS framework dedicates a whole standard (IAS 24) to related party disclosures. From a central bank’s perspective, the Government will...

Note 1 Reporting entity and statutory base

New
Note 1 Reporting entity and statutory base »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context There are different practices that central banks follow with regard to this note. For the purposes of this document, we suggest presenting c...

Note 4 Risk management

New
Note 4 Risk management »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context The purpose of the Risk Management disclosures is to enable users of the financial statements to evaluate the nature and extent of risks ari...

Note 2 Significant accounting policies

New
Note 2 Significant accounting policies »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context This note describes the accounting policies, significant estimates and accounting judgements that are relevant to the financial statements a...

Note 25 Standards that are not yet effective

New
Note 25 Standards that are not yet effective »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context IFRS requires disclosures of new standards and other pronouncements from the IASB and International Financial Reporting Interpretation Commi...

Note 18 Taxation

New
Note 18 Taxation »

Source: A Central Bank's Guide to International Financial Reporting Standards

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Rudy Wytenburg , Robin Darbyshire , and Anjeza Beja

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2021

ISBN: 9781513563602

Keywords: Financial statements, Central banks, International Financial Reporting Standards, International Financial Reporting Standards, central banks, financial statements

▀ Business Context It is common that central banks, because of their unique relationship with the government, are exempted from income or corporate tax. In suc...

Book Reviews

Book Reviews »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Currency Notes: New Old Idea

Currency Notes: New Old Idea »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Dear Mom, Forget the Cash

Dear Mom, Forget the Cash »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Decoupling in the Digital Era

Decoupling in the Digital Era »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Digital Dollars for Online Tea

Digital Dollars for Online Tea »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Editor’s Letter: The Haves and Have-nots

Editor’s Letter: The Haves and Have-nots »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Embracing the Gift of Global Talent

Embracing the Gift of Global Talent »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Finance & Development, March 2021

Finance & Development, March 2021 »

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513566498.022

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

From Financial Innovation to Inclusion

From Financial Innovation to Inclusion »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

The Global Cyber Threat

The Global Cyber Threat »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

In the Trenches: Radical Inclusion

In the Trenches: Radical Inclusion »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Let’s Build a Better Data Economy

Let’s Build a Better Data Economy »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

The New Morality of Debt

The New Morality of Debt »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

People in Economics: The Guru of Globalization

People in Economics: The Guru of Globalization »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Point of View: Africa Goes Digital

Point of View: Africa Goes Digital »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Remaking the Post-COVID World

Remaking the Post-COVID World »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Rethinking Economics

Rethinking Economics »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Straight Talk: Averting a Great Divergence

Straight Talk: Averting a Great Divergence »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Taxing Tech

Taxing Tech »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Transformative Technology

Transformative Technology »

Source: Finance & Development, March 2021

Volume/Issue: 58/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2021

ISBN: 9781513566498

Keywords: Technology, COVID-19 , Health, Migration, Financial inclusion, FD, F&D, data bias, data economy, big data analytics

Finance & Development, March 2021...

Handle with Care: Regulatory Easing in Times of COVID-19

Handle with Care: Regulatory Easing in Times of COVID-19 »

Source: Handle with Care: Regulatory Easing in Times of COVID-19

Volume/Issue: 2021/049

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Valencia , Richard Varghese , Weijia Yao , and Juan Yepez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570631

Keywords: Stocks, Financial sector, Asset prices, Stock markets, Capital adequacy requirements, Stock prices, policy announcements, financial conditions, capital, liquidity

The policy response to the COVID-19 shock included regulatory easing across many jurisdictions to facilitate the flow of credit to the economy and mitigate a further ampli-fication of the shock through tighter fina...

Handle with Care: Regulatory Easing in Times of COVID-19

Handle with Care: Regulatory Easing in Times of COVID-19 »

Volume/Issue: 2021/049

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Valencia , Richard Varghese , Weijia Yao , and Juan Yepez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570631.001

ISBN: 9781513570631

Keywords: Stocks, Financial sector, Asset prices, Stock markets, Capital adequacy requirements, Stock prices, policy announcements, financial conditions, capital, liquidity

The policy response to the COVID-19 shock included regulatory easing across many jurisdictions to facilitate the flow of credit to the economy and mitigate a further ampli-fication of the shock through tighter fina...

How Does Profit Shifting Affect the Balance of Payments?

How Does Profit Shifting Affect the Balance of Payments? »

Source: How Does Profit Shifting Affect the Balance of Payments?

Volume/Issue: 2021/041

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shafik Hebous , Alexander Klemm , and Yuou Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513569994

Keywords: Current account, Income, Trade balance, Current account balance, Transfer pricing, Balance of payments, multinationals, profit shifting, tax avoidance., WP

Profit shifting by multinational enterprises-through manipulation of transfer prices of related-party trade, intragroup lending, or the location of intangibles-affects international flows, raising the question of i...

How Does Profit Shifting Affect the Balance of Payments?

How Does Profit Shifting Affect the Balance of Payments? »

Volume/Issue: 2021/041

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shafik Hebous , Alexander Klemm , and Yuou Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513569994.001

ISBN: 9781513569994

Keywords: Current account, Income, Trade balance, Current account balance, Transfer pricing, Balance of payments, multinationals, profit shifting, tax avoidance., WP

Profit shifting by multinational enterprises-through manipulation of transfer prices of related-party trade, intragroup lending, or the location of intangibles-affects international flows, raising the question of i...

Why U.S. Immigration Matters for the Global Advancement of Science

Why U.S. Immigration Matters for the Global Advancement of Science »

Volume/Issue: 2021/042

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruchir Agarwal , Ina Ganguli , Patrick Gaulé , and Geoff Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570006.001

ISBN: 9781513570006

Keywords: Migration, Productivity, Education, Income, Climate policy, Immigration, Science, Talent, Universities, WP

This paper studies the impact of U.S. immigration barriers on global knowledge production. We present four key findings. First, among Nobel Prize winners and Fields Medalists, migrants to the U.S. play a central ro...

Why U.S. Immigration Matters for the Global Advancement of Science*

Why U.S. Immigration Matters for the Global Advancement of Science* »

Source: Why U.S. Immigration Matters for the Global Advancement of Science

Volume/Issue: 2021/042

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruchir Agarwal , Ina Ganguli , Patrick Gaulé , and Geoff Smith

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570006

Keywords: Migration, Productivity, Education, Income, Climate policy, Immigration, Science, Talent, Universities, WP

This paper studies the impact of U.S. immigration barriers on global knowledge production. We present four key findings. First, among Nobel Prize winners and Fields Medalists, migrants to the U.S. play a central ro...

Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness

Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness »

Volume/Issue: 2021/038

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Holger Floerkemeier , Nikola Spatafora , and Anthony Venables

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513569505.001

ISBN: 9781513569505

Keywords: Wages, Productivity, Income, Housing, Labor markets, Regional Disparities, Place-Based Policies, Inclusive Growth., WP, market forces

We discuss regional disparities in economic performance and living standards. We first set out some key facts, and provide a conceptual framework to help analyze whether such disparities are efficient, or instead...

Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness

Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness »

Source: Regional Disparities, Growth, and Inclusiveness

Volume/Issue: 2021/038

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Holger Floerkemeier , Nikola Spatafora , and Anthony Venables

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513569505

Keywords: Wages, Productivity, Income, Housing, Labor markets, Regional Disparities, Place-Based Policies, Inclusive Growth., WP, market forces

We discuss regional disparities in economic performance and living standards. We first set out some key facts, and provide a conceptual framework to help analyze whether such disparities are efficient, or instead...

Pandemic and Progressivity

Pandemic and Progressivity »

Volume/Issue: 2021/024

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568621.001

ISBN: 9781513568621

Keywords: COVID-19 , Income, Education, Health, Progressive taxation, Solidarity taxes, surcharges, surveys, attitudes, progressivity

Based on a survey of about 2,500 US resident adults, we show that people who have experienced serious illness or job loss caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or who personally know someone who has, favor a temporary p...

Pandemic and Progressivity

Pandemic and Progressivity »

Source: Pandemic and Progressivity

Volume/Issue: 2021/024

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513568621

Keywords: COVID-19 , Income, Education, Health, Progressive taxation, Solidarity taxes, surcharges, surveys, attitudes, progressivity

Based on a survey of about 2,500 US resident adults, we show that people who have experienced serious illness or job loss caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, or who personally know someone who has, favor a temporary p...

Social Repercussions of Pandemics

Social Repercussions of Pandemics »

Volume/Issue: 2021/021

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Barrett , and Sophia Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567723.001

ISBN: 9781513567723

Keywords: Natural disasters, COVID-19 , Health, Communicable diseases, Personal income, crisis, disasters, epidemic, social unrest, WP

Epidemics may have social scarring effects, increasing the likelihood of social unrest. They may also have mitigating effect, suppressing unrest by dissuading social activities. Using a new monthly panel on social...

Social Repercussions of Pandemics1

Social Repercussions of Pandemics1 »

Source: Social Repercussions of Pandemics

Volume/Issue: 2021/021

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Barrett , and Sophia Chen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2021

ISBN: 9781513567723

Keywords: Natural disasters, COVID-19 , Health, Communicable diseases, Personal income, crisis, disasters, epidemic, social unrest, WP

Epidemics may have social scarring effects, increasing the likelihood of social unrest. They may also have mitigating effect, suppressing unrest by dissuading social activities. Using a new monthly panel on social...

Apéndice Estadístico

Apéndice Estadístico »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

En el apéndice estadístico, se presentan datos históricos y proyecciones. Se divide en siete secciones: supuestos, novedades, datos y convenciones, notas sobre los países, características generales y composi...

Appendice Statistique

Appendice Statistique »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’appendice statistique présente des données rétrospectives et des projections. Il comprend sept sections : hypothèses; modifications récentes; données et conventions; notes sur les pays; caractéristiques gé...

Capítulo 1 Ctivas y Políticas Mundiales

Capítulo 1 Ctivas y Políticas Mundiales »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La economía mundial deja atrás lo peor, pero se expone a reveses Los meses transcurridos desde la Actualización de junio de 2020 de Perspectivas de la economía mundial (informe WEO)...

Capítulo 2 El Gran Confinamiento: UNA Disección de sus Efectos Económicos

Capítulo 2 El Gran Confinamiento: UNA Disección de sus Efectos Económicos »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Para contener la pandemia provocada por el coronavirus (COVID-19) y proteger a poblaciones susceptibles, la mayor parte de los países impusieron estrictas medidas de confinamiento en el primer s...

Capítulo 3 La Mitigación del Cambio Climático: Estrategias que Favorecen la Distribución y el Crecimiento

Capítulo 3 La Mitigación del Cambio Climático: Estrategias que Favorecen la Distribución y el Crecimiento »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Sin nuevas medidas para reducir las emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero, el planeta se encuentra en camino de alcanzar temperaturas no vistas en millones de años, con implicaciones potencia...

Chapitre 3 Atténuation des Changements Climatiques : Stratégies Favorables a la Croissance et a la Distribution

Chapitre 3 Atténuation des Changements Climatiques : Stratégies Favorables a la Croissance et a la Distribution »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

En l’absence de nouvelles mesures de réduction des émissions de gaz à effet de serre, la planète est partie pour connaître des températures jamais atteintes en plusieurs millions d’années, avec...

Chapitre 2 Le Grand Confinement : Analyse de ses Effets Économiques

Chapitre 2 Le Grand Confinement : Analyse de ses Effets Économiques »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Pour endiguer la pandémie de coronavirus (COVID-19) et protéger les populations à risque, la plupart des pays ont imposé des mesures strictes de confinement au premier semestre de 2020. Dans le...

Chapitre 1 Perspectives et Politiques Mondiales

Chapitre 1 Perspectives et Politiques Mondiales »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’économie mondiale s’extirpe du gouffre, mais les revers guettent Les mois qui ont suivi la publication de l’édition de juin 2020 de la Mise à jour des Perspectives de l’économie mo...

Deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI Sobre las Perspectivas, Octubre de 2020

Deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo del FMI Sobre las Perspectivas, Octubre de 2020 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La Presidenta del Directorio realizó las siguientes observaciones al término de las deliberaciones del Directorio Ejecutivo sobre el Monitor Fiscal, el Informe sobre la estabilidad financiera mu...

Examen des Perspectives par le Conseil D’Administration du FMI, Octobre 2020

Examen des Perspectives par le Conseil D’Administration du FMI, Octobre 2020 »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Observations du Président à l’issue de la séance consacrée à l’examen par le conseil d’administration du Moniteur des finances publiques, du Rapport sur la stabilité financière dans le monde et...

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial Temas Seleccionados

Perspectivas de la Economía Mundial Temas Seleccionados »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Archivos de Perspectivas de la economía mundial Perspect...

Perspectives de L’Économie Mondiale Questions D’Actualité

Perspectives de L’Économie Mondiale Questions D’Actualité »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

Derniers numéros des Perspectives de l’économie mondiale Perspectives de l’économie...

Résumé

Résumé »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

L’économie mondiale a commencé à s’extirper du gouffre dans lequel elle s’était enfoncée lors du « Grand Confinement » d’avril. Mais la pandémie de COVID19 continuant de se propager, de nombreux pays ont ral...

Resumen Ejecutivo

Resumen Ejecutivo »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

La economía mundial está comenzando a dejar atrás los mínimos en los que cayó durante el Gran Confinamiento del mes de abril. Pero como la pandemia de COVID-19 continúa propagándose, muchos países han dismin...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561868.081

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561776.081

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561752.081

ISBN: 9781513561752

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561769.081

ISBN: 9781513561769

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

World Economic Outlook, October 2020
			: A Long and Difficult Ascent

World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent »

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561790.081

ISBN: 9781513561790

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513561776

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2020 : A Long and Difficult Ascent

Volume/Issue: 2020/002

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2020

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513561868

Keywords: Climate policy, Climate change, Economic recession, Economic growth, World Economic Outlook, International trade, Trade balance, Trade deficits, Trade policy, Public debt

The global economy is climbing out from the depths to which it had plummeted during the Great Lockdown in April. But with the COVID-19 pandemic continuing to spread, many countries have slowed reopening and some ar...

Assessing Targeted Containment Policies to Fight COVID-19*

Assessing Targeted Containment Policies to Fight COVID-19* »

Source: Assessing Targeted Containment Policies to Fight COVID-19

Volume/Issue: 2020/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ariadne Checo , Francesco Grigoli , and José Mota

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513560915

Keywords: Labor, Health, Consumption, Population and demographics, Aging, Optimal containment policies, COVID-19, heterogeneous agents, recession, voluntary social distancing.

The large economic costs of full-blown lockdowns in response to COVID-19 outbreaks, coupled with heterogeneous mortality rates across age groups, led to question non-discriminatory containment measures. In this pap...

Government Intervention and Bank Market Power: Lessons from the Global Financial Crisis for the COVID-19 Crisis†

Government Intervention and Bank Market Power: Lessons from the Global Financial Crisis for the COVID-19 Crisis† »

Source: Government Intervention and Bank Market Power: Lessons from the Global Financial Crisis for the COVID-19 Crisis

Volume/Issue: 2020/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brandon Tan , Maria Martinez Peria , Nicola Pierri , and Andrea Presbitero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513563886

Keywords: Loans, Bank resolution, Nonperforming loans, Stocks, Global financial crisis of 2008-2009, Banks, Government intervention, Market power, Lerner index, WP

The COVID-19 pandemic could result in large government interventions in the banking industry. To shed light on the possible consequences on market power, we rely on the experience of the global financial crisis and...

Assessing Targeted Containment Policies to Fight COVID-19

Assessing Targeted Containment Policies to Fight COVID-19 »

Volume/Issue: 2020/277

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ariadne Checo , Francesco Grigoli , and José Mota

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560915.001

ISBN: 9781513560915

Keywords: Labor, Health, Consumption, Population and demographics, Aging, Optimal containment policies, COVID-19, heterogeneous agents, recession, voluntary social distancing.

The large economic costs of full-blown lockdowns in response to COVID-19 outbreaks, coupled with heterogeneous mortality rates across age groups, led to question non-discriminatory containment measures. In this pap...

Government Intervention and Bank Market Power: Lessons from the Global Financial Crisis for the COVID-19 Crisis

Government Intervention and Bank Market Power: Lessons from the Global Financial Crisis for the COVID-19 Crisis »

Volume/Issue: 2020/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Brandon Tan , Maria Martinez Peria , Nicola Pierri , and Andrea Presbitero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563886.001

ISBN: 9781513563886

Keywords: Loans, Bank resolution, Nonperforming loans, Stocks, Global financial crisis of 2008-2009, Banks, Government intervention, Market power, Lerner index, WP

The COVID-19 pandemic could result in large government interventions in the banking industry. To shed light on the possible consequences on market power, we rely on the experience of the global financial crisis and...

Calculating Consumer Price Indices in Practice 8

Calculating Consumer Price Indices in Practice 8 »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

Introduction 8.1 The purpose of this chapter is to provide a general description of the ways in which consumer price indices (CPIs) are calculated in practice. The me...

Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020
			: Concepts and Methods

Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods »

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354841.069

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

The Consumer Price Index Manual: Concepts and Methods contains comprehensive information and explanations on compiling a consumer price index (CPI). The Manual provides an overview of the methods and practices nati...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

The Consumer Price Index Manual: Concepts and Methods contains comprehensive information and explanations on compiling a consumer price index (CPI). The Manual provides an overview of the methods and practices nati...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

The Consumer Price Index Manual: Concepts and Methods contains comprehensive information and explanations on compiling a consumer price index (CPI). The Manual provides an overview of the methods and practices nati...

Data Quality Management and Reporting 13

Data Quality Management and Reporting 13 »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

Introduction 13.1 Consumer price indices (CPI) are one of the most important statistical indicators produced on a regular basis by national statistical offices (NSOs)...

Errors and Bias 12

Errors and Bias 12 »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

Introduction 12.1 The consumer price index (CPI), like all other statistics, may be subject to general error that may occur during any stage of the estimation process...

Expenditure Weights and Their Sources 3

Expenditure Weights and Their Sources 3 »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

Introduction 3.1 A consumer price index (CPI) is usually calculated as a weighted average of the relative price changes of the goods and services covered by the index...

A Glossary of Main Terms

A Glossary of Main Terms »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

Acquisitions approach An approach to consumer price indices (CPIs) in which consumption is...

Introduction, Overview, and Basic Steps for the Consumer Price Index Development 1

Introduction, Overview, and Basic Steps for the Consumer Price Index Development 1 »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

Introduction 1.1 Chapter 1 provides a self-contained overview of the uses and the basic steps for compiling the consumer price index (CPI). More than j...

Maintaining the Sample 7

Maintaining the Sample 7 »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

Introduction 7.1 When a new good or service is produced and consumed, there is a need for it to be included in the index as soon as possible, especially if the good o...

Price Collection and Validation 5

Price Collection and Validation 5 »

Source: Consumer Price Index Manual, 2020 : Concepts and Methods

Series: Manuals & Guides

Author(s): Brian Graf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2020

ISBN: 9781484354841

Keywords: Consumer price indexes, Price indexes, Expenditure, Consumption, Housing, cconsumer price index, CPI, CPI Manual, CPI concepts, CPI methods

Introduction 5.1 Several factors will determine the choice of which price collection methods a national statistical office (NSO) uses, taking into consideration effic...