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Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2018/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Vera Martin , Tarak Jardak , Robert Tchaidze , Juan Trevino , and Helen Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484360774

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic conditions

External shocks since 2014-lower oil prices and slower growth in key trading partners-have put financial sectors, mainly banks, in the eight Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries under increased stress.  E...

Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Building Resilient Banking Sectors in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2018/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mercedes Vera Martin , Tarak Jardak , Robert Tchaidze , Juan Trevino , and Helen Wagner

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484360774.087

ISBN: 9781484360774

Keywords: Central Asia and the Caucasus, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic conditions

External shocks since 2014-lower oil prices and slower growth in key trading partners-have put financial sectors, mainly banks, in the eight Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries under increased stress.  E...

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia
			: Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia : Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration »

Volume/Issue: 2018/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Phil De Imus , Edward Gemayel , Risto Herrala , Alexei Kireyev , and Farid Talishli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484358177.087

ISBN: 9781484358177

Keywords: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic integration, Economic integration, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Tajikistan, Trade liberalization

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries are at an important juncture in their economic transition. Following significant economic progress during the 2000s, recent external shocks have revealed the underlying...

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Opening Up in the Caucasus and Central Asia : Policy Frameworks to Support Regional and Global Integration

Volume/Issue: 2018/7

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Peter Kunzel , Phil De Imus , Edward Gemayel , Risto Herrala , Alexei Kireyev , and Farid Talishli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

ISBN: 9781484358177

Keywords: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Economic integration, Economic integration, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Middle East, Tajikistan, Trade liberalization

The Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries are at an important juncture in their economic transition. Following significant economic progress during the 2000s, recent external shocks have revealed the underlying...

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Edward Gemayel , Lorraine Ocampos , Matteo Ghilardi , and James Aylward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337165.087

ISBN: 9781484337165

Keywords: Growth acceleration, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Republic of, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan

Since 2014, large and persistent external shocks have hit the CCA region, particularly a slump in global commodity prices and slower growth in its key economic partners. Fiscal accommodation, along with currency ad...

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia »

Source: A Growth-Friendly Path for Building Fiscal Buffers in the Caucuses and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2018/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Edward Gemayel , Lorraine Ocampos , Matteo Ghilardi , and James Aylward

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484337165

Keywords: Growth acceleration, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Iran, Islamic Republic of, Libyan Arab Jamahiriya, Syrian Arab Republic, Yemen, Republic of, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan

Since 2014, large and persistent external shocks have hit the CCA region, particularly a slump in global commodity prices and slower growth in its key economic partners. Fiscal accommodation, along with currency ad...

Chapter 5. A Way Forward

Chapter 5. A Way Forward »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Rising Challenges The pursuit of multiple goals with public payrolls—often with limited success—has left several countries in the region with high wage bills at a time of heightened...

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends

Chapter 2. Benchmarking and Trends »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Comparison with Global Peers Public wage bills in the MENAP region are higher than in other emerging market and developing economies (Figure 2.1). 1...

Chapter 6. Conclusion

Chapter 6. Conclusion »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Management of public sector wage bills has emerged as an important policy challenge for the region. Reflecting legacies from the past—including the large role of the state—as well as considerable oil wealth...

Chapter 3. Drivers

Chapter 3. Drivers »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Policy Objectives Employment In many areas of the MENAP region, high wage bills reflect the traditional role of the state as the employer of first reso...

Chapter 1. Introduction

Chapter 1. Introduction »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Economic and social challenges have intensified across the Middle East and Central Asia. Despite a stronger global economy, the growth outlook for the region remains subdued (IMF 2017). Weak economic growth...

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects

Chapter 4. Outcomes and Economic Effects »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Public Service Delivery Higher wage bills have on average not produced better service delivery, though public services are also affected by other considerations (Figures 4.1 and 4.2)...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484336731.087

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Public Wage Bills in the Middle East and Central Asia

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , and Christoph Duenwald

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2018

ISBN: 9781484336731

Keywords: Public sector, Public sector wages, Public employment, Public expenditure management, Public expenditures reform, Public services, Public employment systems, Public sector; Public sector wages; Public employment; Public expenditure management; Public expenditures reform; Public services; Public employment systems

Analysis of policies for managing public sector wage bills in the Middle East and Central Asia region. While some work has been done recently at the Fund on issues related to government employment and compensation,...

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2014/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Maria Albino-War , Svetlana Cerovic , Francesco Grigoli , Juan Flores , Javier Kapsoli , Haonan Qu , Yahia Said , Bahrom Shukurov , Martin Sommer , and SeokHyun Yoon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2014

Language: Arabic

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314954.006

ISBN: 9781498314954

Keywords: Public investment, Middle East and Central Asia, North Africa, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Expenditure efficiency, Infrastructure, Transportation, Oil exporting countries, Public investment efficiency, natural resources

Over the past decade, rising oil prices have translated into high levels of public investment in most MENA and CCA oil exporters. This has prompted questions about the efficiency of public investment in generating...

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries »

Source: Making the Most of Public Investment in MENA and CCA Oil-Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2014/10

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Maria Albino-War , Svetlana Cerovic , Francesco Grigoli , Juan Flores , Javier Kapsoli , Haonan Qu , Yahia Said , Bahrom Shukurov , Martin Sommer , and SeokHyun Yoon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2014

Language: Arabic

ISBN: 9781498314954

Keywords: Public investment, Middle East and Central Asia, North Africa, Central Asia and the Caucasus, Expenditure efficiency, Infrastructure, Transportation, Oil exporting countries, Public investment efficiency, natural resources

Over the past decade, rising oil prices have translated into high levels of public investment in most MENA and CCA oil exporters. This has prompted questions about the efficiency of public investment in generating...

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets »

Volume: 14

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498349581.087

ISBN: 9781498349581

Keywords: Transition economies, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Fiscal policy, Energy sector, Fiscal reforms, Financial sector, Bank supervision, Monetary policy, Emerging markets

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...

This publication is currently available in PDF format only. Please click on the PDF link to the left

This publication is currently available in PDF format only. Please click on the PDF link to the left »

Source: The Caucasus and Central Asia: Transitioning to Emerging Markets

Volume: 14

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2014

Language: Russian

ISBN: 9781498349581

Keywords: Transition economies, Middle East and Central Asia, Economic growth, Fiscal policy, Energy sector, Fiscal reforms, Financial sector, Bank supervision, Monetary policy, Emerging markets

The countries in the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) have recorded significant macroeconomic achievements since independence. These countries have grown more rapidly--on average by 7 percent over 1996-2011--than th...

An Achilles’ Heel: Inequality threatens Asia’s growth miracle

An Achilles’ Heel: Inequality threatens Asia’s growth miracle »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Adding Value: Companies have split the production of goods and services among many countries, creating supply chains that reduce overall costs

Adding Value: Companies have split the production of goods and services among many countries, creating supply chains that reduce overall costs »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Back to Basics: What Is a Price? - Maybe more than one bargained for. The answer varies depending on the transaction

Back to Basics: What Is a Price? - Maybe more than one bargained for. The answer varies depending on the transaction »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Book Reviews

Book Reviews »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Dawn of a New System: An eminent trade economist worries that the global trading system is at risk of degenerating into a series of regional agreements

Dawn of a New System: An eminent trade economist worries that the global trading system is at risk of degenerating into a series of regional agreements »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

A Fair Assessment: Property taxes are an effective but unpopular way to reduce inequality

A Fair Assessment: Property taxes are an effective but unpopular way to reduce inequality »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Finance and Development, December 2013

Finance and Development, December 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484316917.022

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

From the Editor: Beetle Mania

From the Editor: Beetle Mania »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Global Banking Regroups: The global financial crisis has prompted increased scrutiny of the risks and benefits of international financial services, especially international banking

Global Banking Regroups: The global financial crisis has prompted increased scrutiny of the risks and benefits of international financial services, especially international banking »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

In Brief

In Brief »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Index 2013 Volume 50

Index 2013 Volume 50 »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

New Money: Introducing a new currency is a complex process—one that Turkmenistan completed successfully

New Money: Introducing a new currency is a complex process—one that Turkmenistan completed successfully »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

People in Economics: The Pragmatic Idealist

People in Economics: The Pragmatic Idealist »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Picture this: Global House Prices Inching Up - The housing market is recovering, but real estate in many countries is still overvalued

Picture this: Global House Prices Inching Up - The housing market is recovering, but real estate in many countries is still overvalued »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Smart Trade: The cross-border flow of intellectual property comes under 21st century economic scrutiny

Smart Trade: The cross-border flow of intellectual property comes under 21st century economic scrutiny »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Transparency Matters: The more forthcoming countries are, the more they can resist the ups and downs of global financial conditions

Transparency Matters: The more forthcoming countries are, the more they can resist the ups and downs of global financial conditions »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Under Pressure: Good management of a resource discovery needs informed citizens and informed governments

Under Pressure: Good management of a resource discovery needs informed citizens and informed governments »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Voting and Volatility: In low-income countries, heavy government spending before elections is often followed by debilitating austerity

Voting and Volatility: In low-income countries, heavy government spending before elections is often followed by debilitating austerity »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Who Let the Gini Out?: Capital account liberalization and fiscal consolidation confer benefits but also lead to increased inequality

Who Let the Gini Out?: Capital account liberalization and fiscal consolidation confer benefits but also lead to increased inequality »

Source: Finance and Development, December 2013

Volume/Issue: 50/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484316917

Keywords: intellectual property, global trade, supply chain, copyright

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterl...

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars »

Source: Global Imbalances and Petrodollars

Volume/Issue: 2009/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fuad Hasanov , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872361

Keywords: Oil exporters, exporters, exporting countries, oil-exporting countries, terms of trade,

Oil exporters have run large current account surpluses. We explore oil exporters' role in our understanding and the resolution of global imbalances. Current account dynamics are estimated for oil-exporting countrie...

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars

Global Imbalances and Petrodollars »

Volume/Issue: 2009/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fuad Hasanov , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872361.001

ISBN: 9781451872361

Keywords: Oil exporters, exporters, exporting countries, oil-exporting countries, terms of trade,

Oil exporters have run large current account surpluses. We explore oil exporters' role in our understanding and the resolution of global imbalances. Current account dynamics are estimated for oil-exporting countrie...

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries
			: The Role of the IMF

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries : The Role of the IMF »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759443.051

ISBN: 9781557759443

Keywords: banking, bribes, fighting corruption, improving governance, foreign exchange

Drawing on recent examples of corruption in the Baltics and former Soviet Union, this pamphlet analyzes the links between governance and corruption, and emphasizes the high economic cost that corruption exacts. The...

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries: The Role of the IMF

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries: The Role of the IMF »

Source: Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries : The Role of the IMF

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2005

ISBN: 9781557759443

Keywords: banking, bribes, fighting corruption, improving governance, foreign exchange

In the late 1980s and early 1990s, some 25 countries began their dramatic transformation into market-based economies by liberalizing prices, dismantling the remaining instruments of...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries : The Role of the IMF

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2005

ISBN: 9781557759443

Keywords: banking, bribes, fighting corruption, improving governance, foreign exchange

Drawing on recent examples of corruption in the Baltics and former Soviet Union, this pamphlet analyzes the links between governance and corruption, and emphasizes the high economic cost that corruption exacts. The...

Of Openess and Distance
			: Trade Developments in the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1993-2002

Of Openess and Distance : Trade Developments in the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1993-2002 »

Volume/Issue: 2003/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874679.001

ISBN: 9781451874679

Keywords: Commonwealth of Independent States, CIS, trade openness, statistics, statistic, transition economies, equation, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade: Forecasting and Simulation, Economic History: Transport

This paper analyzes developments in the structure of trade in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) during the transition decade, and finds that it changed less than in other transition economies. Trade open...

Of Openess and Distance

Of Openess and Distance »

Source: Of Openess and Distance : Trade Developments in the Commonwealth of Independent States, 1993-2002

Volume/Issue: 2003/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katrin Elborgh-Woytek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874679

Keywords: Commonwealth of Independent States, CIS, trade openness, statistics, statistic, transition economies, equation, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade: Forecasting and Simulation, Economic History: Transport

This paper analyzes developments in the structure of trade in the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) during the transition decade, and finds that it changed less than in other transition economies. Trade open...

IMF Concludes 2001 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation

IMF Concludes 2001 Article IV Consultation with the Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Volume/Issue: 2002/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451833003

Keywords: debt, budget, revenues, article, balance of payments

This paper assesses the Russian Federation's 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions. Improved economic performance and reduced external vulnerability were reflected in a strengthening...

Russian Federation
			: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions »

Volume/Issue: 2002/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451833003.002

ISBN: 9781451833003

Keywords: debt, budget, revenues, article, balance of payments

This paper assesses the Russian Federation's 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions. Improved economic performance and reduced external vulnerability were reflected in a strengthening...

Russian Federation: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Russian Federation: Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions »

Source: Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Volume/Issue: 2002/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451833003

Keywords: debt, budget, revenues, article, balance of payments

This paper assesses the Russian Federation's 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions. Improved economic performance and reduced external vulnerability were reflected in a strengthening...

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative

Statement by the IMF Staff Representative »

Source: Russian Federation : Staff Report for the 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Volume/Issue: 2002/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451833003

Keywords: debt, budget, revenues, article, balance of payments

This paper assesses the Russian Federation's 2001 Article IV Consultation and Post-Program Monitoring Discussions. Improved economic performance and reduced external vulnerability were reflected in a strengthening...

Institutional Reform in Transition Economies
			: How Far Have they Come

Institutional Reform in Transition Economies : How Far Have they Come »

Volume/Issue: 2001/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Beatrice Weder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451853797.001

ISBN: 9781451853797

Keywords: Institutions, transition economies, institutional quality, institutional conditions, accession countries, Comparative Studies of Countries, Transition Countries,

This paper examines how institutional conditions in transition economies compare with those in the rest of the world using various indicators of governance. The focus is on the countries in Central and Eastern Euro...

Institutional Reform in Transition Economies

Institutional Reform in Transition Economies »

Source: Institutional Reform in Transition Economies : How Far Have they Come

Volume/Issue: 2001/114

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Beatrice Weder

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451853797

Keywords: Institutions, transition economies, institutional quality, institutional conditions, accession countries, Comparative Studies of Countries, Transition Countries,

This paper examines how institutional conditions in transition economies compare with those in the rest of the world using various indicators of governance. The focus is on the countries in Central and Eastern Euro...

Corruption, Structural Reforms, and Economic Performance in the Transition Economies

Corruption, Structural Reforms, and Economic Performance in the Transition Economies »

Source: Corruption, Structural Reforms, and Economic Performance in the Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 2000/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Abed , and Hamid Davoodi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451855371

Keywords: structural reforms, inflation, exchange rate regime, macroeconomic performance, wage inflation

Recent studies have highlighted the adverse impact of corruption on economic performance. This paper advances the hypothesis that corruption is largely a symptom of underlying weaknesses in public policies and inst...

Corruption, Structural Reforms, and Economic Performance in the Transition Economies

Corruption, Structural Reforms, and Economic Performance in the Transition Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2000/132

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): George Abed , and Hamid Davoodi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451855371.001

ISBN: 9781451855371

Keywords: structural reforms, inflation, exchange rate regime, macroeconomic performance, wage inflation

Recent studies have highlighted the adverse impact of corruption on economic performance. This paper advances the hypothesis that corruption is largely a symptom of underlying weaknesses in public policies and inst...

Turkmenistan
			: The Burden of Current Agricultural Policies

Turkmenistan : The Burden of Current Agricultural Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2000/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852134.001

ISBN: 9781451852134

Keywords: agricultural policies, transition economies, cost of protection, exchange rate, real exchange rate, world market, trade liberalization, nominal exchange rate

This paper analyses the economic costs of current agricultural policies in Turkmenistan. It argues that the opportunity cost of continuing with these policies is very high for the budget, the average farmer, and th...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : The Burden of Current Agricultural Policies

Volume/Issue: 2000/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451852134

Keywords: agricultural policies, transition economies, cost of protection, exchange rate, real exchange rate, world market, trade liberalization, nominal exchange rate

This paper analyses the economic costs of current agricultural policies in Turkmenistan. It argues that the opportunity cost of continuing with these policies is very high for the budget, the average farmer, and th...

Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758262.084

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

Large current account imbalances have been recorded in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union since their independence. Are these current account positions sustainable, reflecting the s...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

Large current account imbalances have been recorded in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union since their independence. Are these current account positions sustainable, reflecting the s...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

Large current account imbalances have been recorded in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union since their independence. Are these current account positions sustainable, reflecting the s...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

The virulence of the financial crisis in Asia and the continuing crisis in Russia highlight the importance of assessing the sustainability of a country’s current acc...

II Current Account Developments

II Current Account Developments »

Source: Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

Current account developments in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union since independence are covered comprehensively in Kapur and van der Mensbrugghe (1997)....

III Indicators of Current Account Sustainability

III Indicators of Current Account Sustainability »

Source: Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

Previous studies have investigated the potential usefulness of current account or, more broadly, external sustainability indicators. Recent papers that examine the effectiveness of a variety of...

IV Summary and Conclusions

IV Summary and Conclusions »

Source: Current Account and External Sustainability in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Donal McGettigan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2000

ISBN: 9781557758262

Keywords: current account, debt, debt service, external debt, deficits

The virulence of recent external crises—both in Asia and in countries such as Russia and Ukraine—highlights the importance of a continuous assessment of a country’s vulnerability to crisis. The...

Available on the web

Available on the web »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

First Annual Research Conference: Participants address issues of IMF lending, poverty, and exchange rate regimes First Annual Research Conference held at IMF

First Annual Research Conference: Participants address issues of IMF lending, poverty, and exchange rate regimes First Annual Research Conference held at IMF »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

IMF Survey
			: Volume 29, Issue 22

IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22 »

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451925647.023

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Interview with Olivier Blanchard: European unemployment has origins in shocks, institutions, and interactions between them

Interview with Olivier Blanchard: European unemployment has origins in shocks, institutions, and interactions between them »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Köhler urges Europeans to focus on reforms, clarify enlargement process

Köhler urges Europeans to focus on reforms, clarify enlargement process »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Köhler welcomes strengthening of Argentina’s economic program

Köhler welcomes strengthening of Argentina’s economic program »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Managing Director’s address: Transition countries must face triple challenges of corruption, role of state, external viability Köhler reviews challenges for transition countries

Managing Director’s address: Transition countries must face triple challenges of corruption, role of state, external viability Köhler reviews challenges for transition countries »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Meeting at IMF headquarters: Committee discusses means of improving countries’ balance of payments statistics

Meeting at IMF headquarters: Committee discusses means of improving countries’ balance of payments statistics »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Members’ use of IMF credit (million SDRs)

Members’ use of IMF credit (million SDRs) »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Recent publications

Recent publications »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Selected IMF rates

Selected IMF rates »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Stand–By, EFF, and PRGF Arrangements as of October 31

Stand–By, EFF, and PRGF Arrangements as of October 31 »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Sturc Memorial Lecture: Alan Blinder draws seven key lessons for international finance from tumultuous 1990s

Sturc Memorial Lecture: Alan Blinder draws seven key lessons for international finance from tumultuous 1990s »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Working Paper: Noncash transactions increase in Russia after transition to market economy

Working Paper: Noncash transactions increase in Russia after transition to market economy »

Source: IMF Survey : Volume 29, Issue 22

Volume/Issue: 29/22

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451925647

Keywords: transition countries, transition economies, current account, current account deficits, external debt

Following are edited excerpts from IMF Managing Director Horst Köhler’s remarks, as prepared for delivery at the conference “Completing Transition: The Main Challenges,” held in Vienna,...

Turkmenistan
			: Recent Economic Developments

Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1999/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451837247.002

ISBN: 9781451837247

Keywords: debt, loans, payments, interest, central bank

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1996-99. Inflation is an issue in Turkmenistan. The trend decline that started in mid-1996 came to a halt in late 1998 and inflation continued to incr...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1999/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 1999

ISBN: 9781451837247

Keywords: debt, loans, payments, interest, central bank

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1996-99. Inflation is an issue in Turkmenistan. The trend decline that started in mid-1996 came to a halt in late 1998 and inflation continued to incr...

Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758255.084

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

This occasional paper provides an overview of the economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union since their independence at the turn of the decade. The choice of countries refle...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

This occasional paper provides an overview of the economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union since their independence at the turn of the decade. The choice of countries refle...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

This occasional paper provides an overview of the economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union since their independence at the turn of the decade. The choice of countries refle...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

At the outset of their transition to a market economy, the social and economic indicators in the Central Asian states of the former Soviet Union—Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Taj...

II Prereform Setting and Conditions

II Prereform Setting and Conditions »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The five former states of Soviet Central Asia—Kazakhstan, the Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan—extend from the Caspian Sea in the west to China in the east, and from central Siberia...

III Growth, Employment, and Real Incomes

III Growth, Employment, and Real Incomes »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The differences in resource endowments and initial economic conditions influenced attitudes toward economic transformation in the Central Asian states. In 1992, Saparmurat Niyazov campaigned for the presiden...

IV Fiscal Adjustment

IV Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The public sectors of the Central Asian states still exhibit many of the characteristics of the former Soviet Union. Although the measured size of the public sector, relative to GDP, has been reduced in all...

IX Past Lessons and Future Challenges

IX Past Lessons and Future Challenges »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

The economic reform experiences of the Central Asian states during 1992–98 indicate considerable progress in the region, as a whole, toward establishing a sound macroeconomic environment, but mixed success w...

V Monetary Policy and Progress with Stabilization

V Monetary Policy and Progress with Stabilization »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Following independence in 1991, the states of the former Soviet Union continued to operate essentially within the framework of the monetary and financial system inherited from the Soviet era....

VI External Sector Policies

VI External Sector Policies »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Under the centralized planning system, the Central Asian states developed highly specialized and closely integrated economic relationships with the rest of the Soviet Union, notably characterized by a strong...

VII Capital Flows and External Debt

VII Capital Flows and External Debt »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Total external debt of the Central Asian states grew almost sevenfold during 1992–98, reaching $10.5 billion by end-1998 (Table 7.1 and Figure 7.1). The growth in debt started from a nonexistent base; all of...

VIII Structural Reforms

VIII Structural Reforms »

Source: Economic Reforms in Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 August 1999

ISBN: 9781557758255

Keywords: inflation, central bank, monetary fund, banking, monetary policy

Achieving macroeconomic stabilization has been a key element of economic reform programs in transition countries, and many agree that sustained stabilization is essential for the resumption of economic growt...

Price Liberalization, Money Growth, and Inflation During the Transition to a Market Economy

Price Liberalization, Money Growth, and Inflation During the Transition to a Market Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1999/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Hernández-Catá

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849851.001

ISBN: 9781451849851

Keywords: Liberalization, Price Decontrol, Money, Transition, price liberalization, transition countries, monetary expansion, economic liberalization

This paper examines the influence of economic liberalization and monetary growth on inflation during the transition from central plan to market. It concludes that price decontrol had a substantial, one-time effect...

Price Liberalization, Money Growth, and Inflation During the Transition to a Market Economy

Price Liberalization, Money Growth, and Inflation During the Transition to a Market Economy »

Source: Price Liberalization, Money Growth, and Inflation During the Transition to a Market Economy

Volume/Issue: 1999/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Hernández-Catá

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1999

ISBN: 9781451849851

Keywords: Liberalization, Price Decontrol, Money, Transition, price liberalization, transition countries, monetary expansion, economic liberalization

This paper examines the influence of economic liberalization and monetary growth on inflation during the transition from central plan to market. It concludes that price decontrol had a substantial, one-time effect...

Explaining the Behavior of Financial Intermediation

Explaining the Behavior of Financial Intermediation »

Source: Explaining the Behavior of Financial Intermediation : Evidence from Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 1999/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philipp Rother

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451845433

Keywords: financial intermediation, transition economies, reserve requirements, financial sector, financial intermediaries, financial system

This paper investigates the effects of macroeconomic and structural variables on financial intermediation. To this end, it presents a theoretical foundation for two new measures of intermediation, the money multipl...

Explaining the Behavior of Financial Intermediation
			: Evidence from Transition Economies

Explaining the Behavior of Financial Intermediation : Evidence from Transition Economies »

Volume/Issue: 1999/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philipp Rother

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845433.001

ISBN: 9781451845433

Keywords: financial intermediation, transition economies, reserve requirements, financial sector, financial intermediaries, financial system

This paper investigates the effects of macroeconomic and structural variables on financial intermediation. To this end, it presents a theoretical foundation for two new measures of intermediation, the money multipl...

Turkmenistan
			: Recent Economic Developments

Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451837230.002

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1998/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 1998

ISBN: 9781451837230

Keywords: gas, foreign exchange, banking, banking system, interest rates

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1994-98. Turkmenistan reduced gas exports and suffered a decline in real GDP of close to 40 percent during 1993-95. At the same time, it stepped up fo...

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union : The Transition to a Market Economy

Volume/Issue: 1998/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Basil Zavoiceo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451972610

Keywords: Baltics, External financing, External debt, Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, CIS, debt

The external debt of many countries of the Baltics, Russia, and the former Soviet Union has been growing rapidly in recent years and has played an important part in the transition process. However, it is vital to s...

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union
			: The Transition to a Market Economy

External Borrowing in the Baltics, Russia, and Other States of the Former Soviet Union : The Transition to a Market Economy »

Volume/Issue: 1998/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): John Odling-Smee , and Basil Zavoiceo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972610.003

ISBN: 9781451972610

Keywords: Baltics, External financing, External debt, Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, CIS, debt

The external debt of many countries of the Baltics, Russia, and the former Soviet Union has been growing rapidly in recent years and has played an important part in the transition process. However, it is vital to s...

From Transition to Market

From Transition to Market »

Source: From Transition to Market : Evidence and Growth Prospects

Volume/Issue: 1998/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Stanley Fischer , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1998

ISBN: 9781451847222

Keywords: transition, growth, inflation, transition economies, per capita income, exchange rate regime, gross capital formation

This paper presents evidence on the behavior of output and inflation in the transition economies during 1992–95. A regression analysis explores the differences in output performance across the transition eco...

From Transition to Market
			: Evidence and Growth Prospects

From Transition to Market : Evidence and Growth Prospects »

Volume/Issue: 1998/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Stanley Fischer , and Carlos Végh Gramont

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847222.001

ISBN: 9781451847222

Keywords: transition, growth, inflation, transition economies, per capita income, exchange rate regime, gross capital formation

This paper presents evidence on the behavior of output and inflation in the transition economies during 1992–95. A regression analysis explores the differences in output performance across the transition eco...