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Sweden
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sweden

Sweden : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sweden »

Volume/Issue: 2019/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 March 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498305259.002

ISBN: 9781498305259

Keywords: Financial soundness indicators, Financial statistics, Price indexes, Monetary statistics, Economic growth, Riksbank, percent of GDP, HICP, percent change, Haver

Sweden's growth is expected to slow in 2019, with material downside risks from the global economy and domestic demand. From an estimated 2.3 percent in 2018, growth is projected to slow to 1.2 percent in 2019 as dw...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

Sweden
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sweden

Sweden : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sweden »

Volume/Issue: 2017/350

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484329634.002

ISBN: 9781484329634

Keywords: Sweden, Europe

Sweden's economy continues to perform well, yet wage rises and inflation remain low. Growth of just over 3 percent is expected in 2017, with job creation running at over 2 percent, and underlying inflation around 1...

Sweden
			: Selected Issues

Sweden : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/351

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484329665.002

ISBN: 9781484329665

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

Selected Issues...

Sweden
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note- Banking Regulation and Supervision

Sweden : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note- Banking Regulation and Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2017/305

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322369.002

ISBN: 9781484322369

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

The size of Sweden's banking system is equivalent to multiples of annual gross domestic product (GDP), and dominates the Swedish financial system. It is heavily concentrated, with four universal banks holding over...

Sweden
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Crisis Readiness, Management, and Resolution

Sweden : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Crisis Readiness, Management, and Resolution »

Volume/Issue: 2017/306

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322413.002

ISBN: 9781484322413

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

ince the 2011 FSAP, Sweden's financial safety net and crisis management frameworks, including bank resolution and contingency planning, have improved. In response to the FSAP and the overhaul of pertinent European...

Sweden
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Insurance Sector Regulation and Supervision

Sweden : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Insurance Sector Regulation and Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2017/307

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322420.002

ISBN: 9781484322420

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

This technical note provides an assessment of the development of regulation and supervision of the Swedish insurance sector since the Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) in 2011. The note is part of the 2016...

Sweden
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Regulation and Supervision of Cross-Border Securities Activities

Sweden : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Regulation and Supervision of Cross-Border Securities Activities »

Volume/Issue: 2017/308

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322451.002

ISBN: 9781484322451

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

Sweden has large and diverse securities markets where services can be easily provided on a cross-border basis. The main exchange, Nasdaq Stockholm, is part of the global Nasdaq group and operates as the hub of Nasd...

Sweden
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Stress Testing

Sweden : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Stress Testing »

Volume/Issue: 2017/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322475.002

ISBN: 9781484322475

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

Stress tests covered three major segments of the domestic financial sector, with an emphasis on the largest financial institutions. Within the banking industry, this included the four largest banks that together co...

Sweden
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Supervision and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures

Sweden : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Supervision and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures »

Volume/Issue: 2017/310

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322482.002

ISBN: 9781484322482

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

Financial market infrastructures (FMI) in Sweden are well developed, and subject to minimum regulatory requirements established in relevant international standards, the CPMI-IOSCO Principles for Financial Market In...

Sweden
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Systemic Risk Oversight Framework and Management

Sweden : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Systemic Risk Oversight Framework and Management »

Volume/Issue: 2017/311

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322499.002

ISBN: 9781484322499

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

A rising share of highly indebted households and high housing prices pose serious macrofinancial risks. The impact of a house price decline in Sweden, with an associated loss of confidence in housing collateral, co...

Quantitative Easing and Long-Term Yields in Small Open Economies

Quantitative Easing and Long-Term Yields in Small Open Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2017/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Diez de los Rios , and Maral Shamloo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320730.001

ISBN: 9781484320730

Keywords: Europe, Sweden, Switzerland, Central banks and their policies, United Kingdom, United States, Western Hemisphere, Unconventional monetary policy, event study, signaling

We compare the effectiveness of Federal Reserve's asset purchase programs in lowering longterm yields with that of similar programs implemented by the Bank of England, the Swedish Riksbank, and the Swiss National B...

How to Improve the Financial Oversight of Public Corporations

How to Improve the Financial Oversight of Public Corporations »

Volume: 16

Series: Fiscal Affairs Department How-To Notes

Author(s): Richard Allen , and Miguel Alves

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475551983.061

ISBN: 9781475551983

Keywords: Capitalization, Public corporations, Europe, Asia and Pacific, Australia, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sweden, state-owned enterprises, risk

Many studies have highlighted how failures of public corporations (otherwise known as state-owned enterprises) can result in huge economic and fiscal costs. To contain the risks associated with these costs, an effe...

Sweden
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sweden

Sweden : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sweden »

Volume/Issue: 2016/353

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475553819.002

ISBN: 9781475553819

Keywords: Sweden, Europe

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Sweden is enjoying strong economic performance, with real GDP growth heading for about 3.4 percent in 2016 on the heels of an expansion of just over 4 percent in 20...

Sweden
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Sweden : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2016/355

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475554618.002

ISBN: 9781475554618

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

This paper discusses the findings of the Financial System Stability Assessment for Sweden. The Swedish financial system is large and highly interconnected, putting a premium on the accompanying policy framework. Re...

Sweden
			: Selected Issues

Sweden : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/354

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475553826.002

ISBN: 9781475553826

Keywords: Europe, Sweden

This Selected Issues paper discusses measures taken to enable timely macroprudential action in Sweden. The Swedish financial supervisory authority (FI) has adopted a number of macroprudential measures under its man...

Negative Interest Rates
			: How Big a Challenge for Large Danish and Swedish Banks?

Negative Interest Rates : How Big a Challenge for Large Danish and Swedish Banks? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475544688.001

ISBN: 9781475544688

Keywords: Negative interest rates; Bank Profitability; Denmark; Sweden.

Negative policy interest rates have prevailed for some years in Denmark and are a more recent development in Sweden. Among other potential side effects, negative rates could weaken banks' profitability by reducing...

Cross-Country Report on Spillovers
			: Selected Issues

Cross-Country Report on Spillovers : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/212

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498343046.002

ISBN: 9781498343046

Keywords: Spillovers, Monetary policy, European Central Bank, Emerging markets, Developed countries, Cross country analysis, Economic models, Selected Issues Papers, Poland, Sweden

This paper identifies policies to increase productivity in the East, reduce regional income disparities, and promote overall income convergence. Achieving this objective will require improving educational attainmen...

Macroprudential and Monetary Policy Interactions in a DSGE Model for Sweden

Macroprudential and Monetary Policy Interactions in a DSGE Model for Sweden »

Volume/Issue: 2016/74

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , and Francesco Columba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475546545.001

ISBN: 9781475546545

Keywords: Macroprudential Policies; Monetary Policy; Collateral Constraints

We analyse the effects of macroprudential and monetary policies and their interactions using an estimated dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model tailored to Sweden. Households face a ceiling on their l...

Unconventional Policy Instruments in the New Keynesian Model

Unconventional Policy Instruments in the New Keynesian Model »

Volume/Issue: 2016/58

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Zineddine Alla , Raphael Espinoza , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513573038.001

ISBN: 9781513573038

Keywords: Unconventional monetary policy, equilibrium indeterminacy, stabilization bias, inflationary bias, instrument, instruments, inflation, monetary policy, interest, Monetary Policy (Targets

This paper analyzes the use of unconventional policy instruments in New Keynesian setups in which the ‘divine coincidence' breaks down. The paper discusses the role of a second instrument and its coordination with...

Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe

Individual Choice or Policies? Drivers of Female Employment in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2016/49

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513551364.001

ISBN: 9781513551364

Keywords: gender gaps, International Social Survey Programme, labor force, labor, labor supply, employment, General, Economics of Gender, General, International Social Survey Programme.,

Female labor force participation has increased markedly in many European countries during the past decades. Nonetheless, participation rates remain low in some economies, and a significant gender gap persists in mo...

The Refugee Surge in Europe
			: Economic Challenges

The Refugee Surge in Europe : Economic Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2016/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Shekhar Aiyar , Bergljot Barkbu , Nicoletta Batini , Helge Berger , Enrica Detragiache , Allan Dizioli , Christian Ebeke , Huidan Lin , Linda Kaltani , Sebastian Sosa , Antonio Spilimbergo , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552590.006

ISBN: 9781513552590

Keywords: Migrations, Euro Area, Migrant labor, Labor supply, Labor markets, Emigration and immigration, Demographic transition, Population growth, Migration, Refugees

Against the background of political turmoil in the Middle-East, Europe faces an unprecedented surge in asylum applications. In analyzing the economic impact of this inflow, this paper draws from the experience of...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Housing Price and Household Debt Interactions in Sweden

Housing Price and Household Debt Interactions in Sweden »

Volume/Issue: 2015/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586205.001

ISBN: 9781513586205

Keywords: Housing market, Household debt, Collateral, prices, debt, supply, variables, income, Housing Demand, Sweden.,

Sweden is experiencing double-digit housing price gains alongside rising household debt. A common interpretation is that mortgage lending boosted by expansionary monetary policy is driving up house prices. But theo...

Fiscal Consolidation During Times of High Unemployment
			: The Role of Productivity Gains and Wage Restraint

Fiscal Consolidation During Times of High Unemployment : The Role of Productivity Gains and Wage Restraint »

Volume/Issue: 2015/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruy Lama , and Juan Pablo Medina Guzman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513501192.001

ISBN: 9781513501192

Keywords: Fiscal Consolidation, Search Models of Unemployment, Small Open Economy, productivity, economy, unemployment, competition, unemployment rate, Unemployment: Models, Duration

This paper studies the Swedish fiscal consolidation episode of the 1990s through the lens of a small open economy model with distortionary taxation and unemployment. We argue that the simultaneous reduction in the...

The Nordic Labor Market and Migration

The Nordic Labor Market and Migration »

Volume/Issue: 2015/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giang Ho , and Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528366.001

ISBN: 9781513528366

Keywords: Nordic countries, migration, labor market, unemployment, Nordic model, labor, labor supply, drivers, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Labor Force and Employment

The large influx of migrants to Nordic countries in recent years is challenging the adoptability of Nordic labor market institutions while also adding to potential growth. This paper examines the trends, economic d...

Sweden
			: 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Information Annex; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sweden

Sweden : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Information Annex; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sweden »

Volume/Issue: 2015/329

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513559537.002

ISBN: 9781513559537

Keywords: inflation, market, debt, labor market, monetary fund

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Sweden's economy is performing well, with real GDP growth of 3.4 percent per year in the first three quarters of 2015, up from 2.3 percent in 2014. Job creation was...

Sweden
			: Selected Issues

Sweden : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/330

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524368.002

ISBN: 9781513524368

Keywords: labor market, unemployment, labor, employment, labor supply

This Selected Issues paper examines the labor market and migration in Sweden. Sweden enjoys a broadly well-functioning labor market. The labor force has been expanding at a healthy pace, in part reflecting rising p...

Monetary Transmission
			: Are Emerging Market and Low Income Countries Different?

Monetary Transmission : Are Emerging Market and Low Income Countries Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/239

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , and Jan Vlcek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513554235.001

ISBN: 9781513554235

Keywords: Monetary transmission, yield curve, interest, inflation, market, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Asset Pricing, All Countries,

We use two alternative representations of the yield curve to test the functioning of the interest rate transmission mechanism along the yield curve based on government paper in a sample of emerging market and low-i...

Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound

Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound »

Volume/Issue: 2015/224

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruchir Agarwal , and Miles Kimball

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567327.001

ISBN: 9781513567327

Keywords: electronic money, currency, paper currency, interest rate, money, interest rates, General, All Countries,

There has been much discussion about eliminating the 'zero lower bound' by eliminating paper currency. But such a radical and difficult approach as eliminating paper currency is not necessary. Much as during the Gr...

Is There a Debt-threshold Effect on Output Growth?

Is There a Debt-threshold Effect on Output Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Chudik , Kamiar Mohaddes , M. Pesaran , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513513355.001

ISBN: 9781513513355

Keywords: Panel tests of threshold effects, long-run relationships, estimation and inference, large dynamic heterogeneous panels, cross-section dependence, and inflation, variables, gdp, cd, inflation

This paper studies the long-run impact of public debt expansion on economic growth and investigates whether the debt-growth relation varies with the level of indebtedness. Our contribution is both theoretical and e...

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems

Capital Inflows, Credit Growth, and Financial Systems »

Volume/Issue: 2015/193

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Deniz Igan , and Zhibo Tan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581262.001

ISBN: 9781513581262

Keywords: Financial development, Financial structure, credit growth, financial system, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

Exploiting a granular panel dataset that breaks down capital inflows into FDI, portfolio and other categories, and distinguishes between credit to the household sector and to the corporate sector, we investigate th...

Cross-Country Report on Inflation
			: Selected Issues

Cross-Country Report on Inflation : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/184

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525464.002

ISBN: 9781513525464

Keywords: inflation, external factors, core inflation, output gap, disinflation

This Selected Issues paper examines the causes and drivers of low inflation in European inflation targeting countries outside the euro area, focusing on the Czech Republic, Poland, Sweden, and Switzerland. It estim...

Pension Reforms in Mauritius
			: Fair and Fast-Balancing Social Protection and Fiscal Sustainability

Pension Reforms in Mauritius : Fair and Fast-Balancing Social Protection and Fiscal Sustainability »

Volume/Issue: 2015/126

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Soto , Vimal Thakoor , and Martin Petri

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568331.001

ISBN: 9781513568331

Keywords: pension reform, pension, retirement, defined benefit, retirement age, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Social Security and Public Pensions, Demographic Trends and Forecasts,

Despite important past reforms, the ageing population of Mauritius threatens the sustainability of its pension system. This paper examines how pension spending might increase without reforms and discusses reforms o...

Spillovers in the Nordic Countries

Spillovers in the Nordic Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Borislava Mircheva , and Dirk Muir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475554106.001

ISBN: 9781475554106

Keywords: dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models, Nordic countries, gdp, demand, consumption, real gdp, investment, Forecasting and Simulation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden form a tightly integrated region which has strong ties with the euro area as well as some exposure to Russia. Using the IMF's Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF...

Youth Unemployment in Advanced Europe
			: Okun's Law and Beyond

Youth Unemployment in Advanced Europe : Okun's Law and Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2015/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Angana Banerji , Huidan Lin , and Sergejs Saksonovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498382519.001

ISBN: 9781498382519

Keywords: Youth employment, youth unemployment, Okun&;amp;#x2019;s law, business cycle, labor market factors, labor market, labor, employment, General, Labor Force and Employment

The crisis has intensified what was previously a chronic unemployment problem in Europe; youth unemployment is now at unprecedented highs in some European countries. This paper assesses the main drivers of youth un...

The Development of Local Capital Markets
			: Rationale and Challenges

The Development of Local Capital Markets : Rationale and Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2014/234

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498372978.001

ISBN: 9781498372978

Keywords: financial markets, markets, market, market development, capital market, Globalization: Finance, General, financial markets.,

Capital markets can improve risk sharing and the efficiency with which capital is allocated to the real economy, boosting economic growth and welfare. However, despite these potential benefits, not all countries ha...

Medium-Term Fiscal Multipliers during Protracted Recessions

Medium-Term Fiscal Multipliers during Protracted Recessions »

Volume/Issue: 2014/213

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Salvatore Dell'Erba , Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro , and Ksenia Koloskova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498336192.001

ISBN: 9781498336192

Keywords: fiscal consolidations, cumulative multipliers, labour market, protracted recessions, consolidations, consolidation, recessions, economy, business cycle, General,

The paper examines the consequences of fiscal consolidation in times of persistently low growth and high unemployment by estimating medium-term fiscal multipliers during protracted recessions (PR) in a sample of 17...

Are Non-Euro Area EU Countries Importing Low Inflation from the Euro Area?

Are Non-Euro Area EU Countries Importing Low Inflation from the Euro Area? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Plamen Iossifov , and Jiri Podpiera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484300527.001

ISBN: 9781484300527

Keywords: monetary policy, inflationary expectations, monetary fund

The synchronized disinflation across Europe since end-2011 raises the question of whether non-euro area EU countries are affected by the undershooting of the euro area inflation target. To shed light on this issue,...

Does the Clarity of Inflation Reports Affect Volatility in Financial Markets?

Does the Clarity of Inflation Reports Affect Volatility in Financial Markets? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Martin Cihak , and David-Jan Jansen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498392914.001

ISBN: 9781498392914

Keywords: central bank communication, clarity, inflation reports, volatility, central bank, monetary policy, financial market, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

We study whether clarity of central bank inflation reports affects return volatility in financial markets. We measure clarity of reports by the Czech National Bank, the European Central Bank, the Bank of England, a...

Sweden
			: Selected Issues

Sweden : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/262

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498339438.002

ISBN: 9781498339438

Keywords: mortgage, mortgages, mortgage credit, mortgage lending, mortgage risk

...

Sweden
			: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Sweden : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/261

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498300308.002

ISBN: 9781498300308

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, financial stability, low inflation, monetary fund

Sweden's economy has re-gained speed, following supportive macroeconomic policies and strong household demand. Employment has been rising, but the labor force expanded even more, resulting in higher unemployment mo...

Addressing resource efficiency through the Ecodesign Directive
			: A review of opportunities and barriers

Addressing resource efficiency through the Ecodesign Directive : A review of opportunities and barriers »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anja Bundgaard , Carl Dalhammar , Erika Machacek , Kristina Overgaard Zacho , and Arne Remmen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327206

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, European Union, Resource Efficiency, Ecodesign Directive, Energy Efficiency, Product Durability, Legal Standards

The European Union has initiated a number of initiatives to improve resource efficiency in Europe. The Ecodesign Directive is one of the policy instruments that could aid the transition towards a more resource effi...

Articles treated with antibacterial agents
			: Outline of a strategy to reduce unjustified use

Articles treated with antibacterial agents : Outline of a strategy to reduce unjustified use »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Lolo Heijkenskjöld

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327244

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Antibacterial Garbage Bags, Antibiotics, Microorganisms, Antibacterial Agents, Nordic Workshop, Nordic Council of Ministers

Do we need antibacterial garbage bags? A wide range of antibacterial consumer articles can be found on the Internet. Mostly there is no information on the antibacterial agents used or on their efficacy. Does this r...

Best Environmental Practices in the Mining Sector in the Barents Region
			: International Conference 23-25 April 2013

Best Environmental Practices in the Mining Sector in the Barents Region : International Conference 23-25 April 2013 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289326681

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Natural Resources, Strategic Importance, Best Environmental Practices, Environmental Issues, Increase Awareness, Abstracts of the Presentations

The natural resources of the Barents Region are of strategic importance for Europe. One intensively developing sector is mining, which will bring new opportunities to the region, but which will also cause changes i...

Co-ordination of research on working hours and health in the Nordic countries
			: Working hours and Health

Co-ordination of research on working hours and health in the Nordic countries : Working hours and Health »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): J. Axelsson , B. Bjorvatn , A.H. Garde , Å.M. Hansen , M. Härmä , P.U. Hjarsbech , M. Ingre , M.Aa. Jensen , G. Kecklund , H.A. Kolstad , J.A.S. Lie , A. Lowden , D. Matre , S.V. Møller , K. Nabe-Nielsen , S. Pallesen , R. Rugulies , P. Tucker , and H.T. Vistisen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327763

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, National Research Centre, Working Hours, Working Environment, Denmark, Research Projects, Cohorts

This report presents a summary of a workshop entitled Co-ordination of research on working hours and health in the Nordic countries. The workshop was held at the National Research Centre for the Working Environment...

The coexistence of two Ecolabels
			:  - The Nordic Ecolabel and the EU Ecolabel in the Nordic Countries

The coexistence of two Ecolabels : - The Nordic Ecolabel and the EU Ecolabel in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ulrik Boe Kjeldsen , Anja Krag , Peter Lange , Kasper Lindgaard , and Maja Tofteng

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327657

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Ecolabels, EU Ecolabel, Regional Ecolabels, DAMVAD, Swan Group, HKP-gruppen

This analysis looks closer at the synergies and positioning between the fee structures and criteria of the two ecolabels, the dissemination and success of the two labels within different product groups and the expe...

Collection & recycling of plastic waste
			: Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems in the Nordic countries

Collection & recycling of plastic waste : Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Malin Zu Castell-Rüdenhausen , Anna Fråne , Stefán Gíslason , Søren Løkke , Kari-Anne Lyng , Åsa Stenmarck , and Margareta Wahlström

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289328043

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Plastic Waste, Nordic Countries, Plastic Packaging Waste, Green Growth Initiative, Green Growth the Nordic Way, MSW Sources

The first report from the project "Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems for plastic waste from households and other municipal waste sources" is focused on describing the existing situation when...

Contingency Planning for Animal Diseases
			: Baltic Seminar on "Contingency Planning for the next Decade" held 19 - 20 September 2012 Helsinki, Finland

Contingency Planning for Animal Diseases : Baltic Seminar on "Contingency Planning for the next Decade" held 19 - 20 September 2012 Helsinki, Finland »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jørgen M. Westergaard

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327114

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Infectious Animal Diseases, Livestock Production, Avian Influenza, Classical Swine Fever, Pre-epidemic Period, Disease Eradication

Outbreaks of infectious animal diseases within the last 10 - 15 years in areas with intensive livestock production have shown how vulnerable the production systems can be when confronted with an outbreak of a highl...

Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning
			: Legislation and Regulations in Nordic Countries to Control Emissions from Residential Wood Burning An examination of Past Experience

Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning : Legislation and Regulations in Nordic Countries to Control Emissions from Residential Wood Burning An examination of Past Experience »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Svante Bodin , and Thomas Levander

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327428

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, ICCI, Arctic Cooperation Program, Black Carbon, Emissions, Nordic Countries, Wood Burning

This report has been produced by the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) under a grant from the Nordic Council of Ministers under its Arctic Cooperation Program, as part of a pilot project to reduce...

Decision-making management procedures
			: Cost - efficiency - democracy in selected procedures in Maritime Spatial Planning

Decision-making management procedures : Cost - efficiency - democracy in selected procedures in Maritime Spatial Planning »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Odma Johannesen , and Hans Lassen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327800

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Marine Natura 2000, Fisheries Management, Single-stringed System, Environmental-fisheries, Study Report, Stakeholder Involvement

This study report analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the procedures which are followed when designating marine Natura 2000 sites and when deciding what fisheries management measures are to be applied. The rep...

Ecosystem Services in Forests
			: How to assess and value them? Nordic Workshop, Oslo, Thursday 13th September 2012 - Conference report

Ecosystem Services in Forests : How to assess and value them? Nordic Workshop, Oslo, Thursday 13th September 2012 - Conference report »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327855

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Ecosystem, Forests, Nordic Council of Ministers, Oslo, Valuation Challenges, Knowledge of Services

A Nordic Workshop on "Ecosystem Services in Forests - how to assess and value them" was held in Oslo Thursday the 13th of September 2012. During the day, 13 presentations were made, and altogether 41 participants h...

Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises

Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Marika Bröckl , Julia Illman , Laura Oja , and Iivo Vehviläinen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327176

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Energy Efficiency, Policy Instruments, EU's Directive, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs), Energy Audits, Best Practices

Bröckl, Marika; Illman, Julia; Oja, Laura; Vehviläinen,...

Environmental economic research as a tool in the protection of the Baltic Sea
			:  - costs and benefits of reducing eutrophication

Environmental economic research as a tool in the protection of the Baltic Sea : - costs and benefits of reducing eutrophication »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Lassi Ahlvik , Heini Ahtiainen , Janne Artell , Kerstin Blyh , Siv Ericsdotter , Berit Hasler , and Kari Hyytiäinen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289326919

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Ecological Analyses, Economic Analyses, Research Network, Baltic STERN, HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan, Eutrophication

This report reviews the findings of an ecological/economic analyses regarding the on-going and prospective efforts to reduce eutrophication of the Baltic Sea, conducted by Baltic STERN, an international research ne...

EPR systems and new business models
			: Reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region

EPR systems and new business models : Reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Tomas Ekvall , Nikola Kiørboe , Thomas Lindhqvist , Kari-Ann Lyng , David Palm , and Haben Tekie

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327961

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Extended Producer Responsibility, Recycling of Textiles, Reuse of Textiles, Costs and Benefits of EPR-systems, Quantitative Evaluation, Green Growth Initiative

This report is the primary outcome from Part I of the project "An extended producer responsibility (EPR) system and new business models to increase reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region" initiated by...

Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement

Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Steffen Kallbekken , Håkon Sælen , and Arild Underdal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327503

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Academic Literature Review, Mutual Recognition Approach, Principle of Reciprocity, Non-coercive Template of Indicators, Equity Indicators, Mitigation Commitments

To what extent and how can equity be operationalized in a spectrum of mitigation commitments? We approach this question through academic literature review and analysis of Parties submissions and statements. We argu...

Fisheries Management and Global Warming
			: Effects of climate change on fisheries in the Arctic region of the Nordic countries

Fisheries Management and Global Warming : Effects of climate change on fisheries in the Arctic region of the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Arne Eide , Ann-Christin Ese , and Alf Håkon Hoel

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327299

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, FIMAGLOW, Global Warming, Arctic Fisheries, MaReMA Centre, Norwegian College, Fisheries Science

The FIMAGLOW project is a Nordic project with the aim to study possible drivers and impacts of global warming on Arctic fisheries. Two workshops has been held, serving to identify the relevant set of institutions a...

Global Sustainability & Human Prosperity
			:  - contribution to the Post-2015 agenda and the development of Sustainable Development Goals

Global Sustainability & Human Prosperity : - contribution to the Post-2015 agenda and the development of Sustainable Development Goals »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Marcus C Öhman , Sarah Cornell , Tim Daw , Thomas Elmqvist , Victor Galaz , Ellika Hermansson Török , Claudia Ituarte-Lima , Fredrik Moberg , Albert Norström , Åsa Persson , Garry Peterson , Johan Rockström , and Maria Schultz

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327701

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, SDG, Social Needs, Environmental Challenges, Stockholm Resilience Centre, MDG, International Agreements

The development of a Post-2015 agenda and Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs, provide a global window of opportunity to address both social needs and environmental challenges together. This discussion paper by the...

Nordic Climate Policy
			: A Case Study on Efficient Policy Measures

Nordic Climate Policy : A Case Study on Efficient Policy Measures »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327558

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, GHG Emissions, Terms of a Good Environment, Climate Policies, World Resources Institute, Story of Climate Policy, International Network

The Nordic countries are often seen as green both in terms of a good environment and being capable of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This report is concerned with the development in GHG emissions over tim...

Nordic Exports of Goods and Exporting Enterprises

Nordic Exports of Goods and Exporting Enterprises »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327275

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Geographical Markets, Nordic Countries, Domestic Employment, Export Market, Statistical Institutes, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs)

This report analyses the exports of goods from the Nordic countries and the exporting enterprises in the period 2008 to 2012. The report addresses issues such as: What are the strongholds of the Nordic countries, b...

The Nordic Swan and companies
			:  - Is it worthwhile to acquire the Swan Label?

The Nordic Swan and companies : - Is it worthwhile to acquire the Swan Label? »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ulrik Boe Kjeldsen , Peter Lange , Kasper Lindgaard , Maja Tofteng , and Morten Wied

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327589

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Swan License, Swan Label, Swan Group, HKP Gruppen, DAMVAD, Åke Thidell

The purpose of the analysis is to study the implications it can have for a company to acquire the Swan License. The analysis takes a broad focus and investigates the follow-ing three themes: The motivation for comp...

Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives

Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nicolette Bartlett , Nadine Braun , Thomas Day , Yvonne Deng , Sandrine Dixson-Declève , and Niklas Höhne

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327466

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs), Global Emissions, Warming Limit, National Emission Reduction, Greenhouse Gas Mitigation, Public Climate Finance

International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs) could hold significant promise for closing the global emissions gap between a pathway to a 2°C warming limit and current national emission reduction pledges. This report...

Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows

Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nella Canales Trujillo , Mikko Halonen , Julia Illman , and Shelagh Whitley

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327022

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Finance Commitment, Developing Countries, Climate Action, Three Nordic Case Studies, Mobilising Private Investment, Finance Landscape

In spite of the climate finance commitment by the developed countries to mobilise jointly 100 billion USD per year by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries from a wide variety of sources, there is no cl...

The land-use sector within the post-2020 climate regime

The land-use sector within the post-2020 climate regime »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Streck Charlotte , Eduard Merger , Charlie Parker , Timm Tennigkeit , and Andreas Wilkes

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327510

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Land-use Sector, Climate Regime, Coherent Vision, Climate Treaty, Integrated Accounting, Climate Focus

The land-use sector serves key environmental and social functions and supports the livelihoods of around a half of the world's population. Despite its importance, however, the climate regime fails to formulate a co...

The Nordic model - challenged but capable of reform

The Nordic model - challenged but capable of reform »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Karsten Albæk , Torben M. Andersen , Rita Asplund , Erling Barth , Bernt Bratsberg , Lars Calmfors , Antti Kauhanen , Jukka Lassila , Niku Määttänen , Mika Maliranta , Oddbjørn Raaum , Knut Røed , Kristine von Simson , Allan Sørensen , Tarmo Valkonen , Pekka Vanhala , and Vesa Vihriälä

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327787

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Welfare Model, Environmental Sustainability, Nordic Supermodel, Global Economic Crisis, Impacts of Global Competition, Population Ageing

The Nordic welfare model has received a lot of positive attention around the world. High standard of living, small income disparities and substantial social mobility looks like a very attractive package. Moreover,...

Northern Lights on TIMSS and PIRLS 2011
			: Differences and similarities in the Nordic countries

Northern Lights on TIMSS and PIRLS 2011 : Differences and similarities in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ragnar F. Ólafsson , Liv Sissel Grønmo , Jan-Eric Gustafsson , Júlíus K. Björnsson , Pekka Kupari , Jan Mejding , Kari Nissinen , Louise Rønberg , Monica Rosén , Sari Sulkunen , and Kajsa Yang Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327725

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Classrooms, School Performance, Policy Variations, Learning Outcomes, TIMSS, PIRLS

How is reading literacy taught in Nordic classrooms, and how is this influenced by the curricula?How can we improve mathematics teaching in Nordic classrooms?What is the relationship between school performance and...

Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region
			: Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries

Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region : Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289326858

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Gender Equality, Professor of Labour Economics, Cooperation on Gender Equality, Develop Reports and Arrange Conferences, Aim of the Project, Work Affects the Economic Resources

Gender equality in the labour market is a key topic in the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. The Nordic Council of Ministers has asked NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, to coordinate the project Part-Time Wo...

Plastic value chains
			: Case: WEEE (Waste Electric and electronic equipment) in the Nordic region

Plastic value chains : Case: WEEE (Waste Electric and electronic equipment) in the Nordic region »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): John Baxter , Malin Zu Castell-Rüdenhausen , Anna Fråne , Søren Løkke , Massimo Pizzol , Malin Stare , and Margareta Wahlstrom

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289328029

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Plastics Recycling, Nordic Electronic Waste, Near-source Treatment, Hazardous Materials, Electronics Producers, Green Growth Initiative

This project identifies thousands of tonnes per annum of potential enhanced plastics recycling from Nordic electronic waste. Plastics recycling does not always feature prominently in waste treatment. Recycling is t...

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries
			: A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries : A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nguyen Ngoc Duy , Hans Ellefsen , Ola Flaaten , Jónas Hallgrimsson , Cecilia Hammarlund , Øystein Hermansen , John R. Isaksen , Marko Lindroos , Max Nielsen , Anton Paulrud , Fredrik Salenius , Daniel Schütt , and Staffan Waldo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327831

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Impact from Human Activities, Global Warming, Marine Ecosystems, Economic Performance, Imposing Management Instruments, Efficient Fleets

Few doubt the impact from human activities on global warming and the negative consequences of rising temperatures for both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Efficient policy instruments are needed to change the de...

Road to regulation of endocrine disruptors and combination effects

Road to regulation of endocrine disruptors and combination effects »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Birgitte Lindeman , and Karina Petersen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327749

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Endocrine Disruptors, EU Regulations, Combination Effects, Scientific Issues, Regulatory Intervention, Oslo Workshop

Discussions regarding regulation of endocrine disruptors (EDs) and combination effects are ongoing in Europe. Among the central topics of discussion are establishment of criteria for identification of EDs, whether...

Towards a new Nordic textile commitment
			: Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling

Towards a new Nordic textile commitment : Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Maria Elander , Stefán Gíslason , Nikola Kiørboe , Kari-Anne Lyng , and David Palm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327985

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Textile Commitment, NAG, Voluntary Commitment, Textile Wastes, Waste Management, Green Growth

This report is the primary outcome from Part I of the project "Towards a new Nordic textile commitment - Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling" initiated by the Nordic Waste Group (NAG). The report for Part 2 wi...

Towards a Nordic textile strategy
			: Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling of textiles

Towards a Nordic textile strategy : Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling of textiles »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Helena Dahlbo , Maria Elander , Stefán Gíslason , Nikola Kiørboe , Kari-Anne Lyng , Katja Moliis , David Palm , Tomas Rydberg , Hanna Salmenperä , and Haben Tekie

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327947

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Textile Strategy, Textile Flows, Sorting Systems, Collection Flows, Contamination Levels, Cost

This report is the primary outcome from Part I of the project "Towards a Nordic textile strategy - Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling of textiles" initiated by the Nordic Waste Group (NAG). The report for Par...

Trafficking in Human Beings

Trafficking in Human Beings »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327671

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Reported Cases of Trafficking, Human Trafficking has Increased, Identification of Victims, Russian Cooperation Project, Knowledge About Human Trafficking, International Organized Crime

In the Nordic countries, most of the reported cases of trafficking in human beings today concern women and girls trafficked for sexual exploitation, but experiences from Europe indicate that human trafficking has i...

Two approaches to pricing pollution

Two approaches to pricing pollution »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , Christina van Breugel , Mattias Enggaard , Jes Erik Jessen , Christopher Sköld , and Ulrika Stavlöt

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327220

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Cap and Trade Method, Pricing Pollution, Average Abatement Cost, Working Group on Environment and Economy (MEG), Working Group for SCP (HKP), Nordic Council of Ministers

In comparison is the commonly used Cap and Trade method with an alternative and novel method for pricing pollution: The aim was to conduct a practical approach to clarify advantages and challenges of the respective...

Wildlife and Infectious Animal Diseases
			: The Proceedings of a Nordic - Baltic seminar on the role of the wildlife as reservoir and /or spread of infectious animal diseases in the coastal areas of countries bordering the Baltic Sea 2 - 3 October 2013, Gdansk, Poland

Wildlife and Infectious Animal Diseases : The Proceedings of a Nordic - Baltic seminar on the role of the wildlife as reservoir and /or spread of infectious animal diseases in the coastal areas of countries bordering the Baltic Sea 2 - 3 October 2013, Gdansk, Poland »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jørgen M. Westergaard

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327107

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic –; Baltic Seminar, Infectious Animal Diseases, Baltic Sea, Wildlife Populations, Social and Cultural Value, Disease Surveillance and Monitoring Programmes

The Nordic -Baltic seminar on the role of wildlife as reservoir and/or spread of infectious animal diseases in the coastal areas of countries bordering the Baltic Sea was held in Gdansk, Poland from 2-3 October 201...

Inflation Reports and Models
			: How Well Do Central Banks Really Write?

Inflation Reports and Models : How Well Do Central Banks Really Write? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/91

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ales Bulir , Jaromír Hurník , and Katerina Smidkova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498387613.001

ISBN: 9781498387613

Keywords: Kalman filter, monetary policy communication, inflation, central bank, aggregate demand, Forecasting and Simulation, Forecasting and Simulation,

We offer a novel methodology for assessing the quality of inflation reports. In contrast to the existing literature, which mostly evaluates the formal quality of these reports, we evaluate their economic content by...

Bank Funding Costs for International Banks

Bank Funding Costs for International Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2014/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rita Babihuga , and Marco Spaltro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517910.001

ISBN: 9781475517910

Keywords: bank funding, bank lending, deposit, wholesale funding, banking, banking system, bank capital, wholesale funding.,

This paper investigates the determinants of bank funding costs for a sample of internationally active banks from 2001-12. We find that changes in banks' unsecured funding costs are associated with bank-specific cha...

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth
			: Does Speed Matter?

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth : Does Speed Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Pennings , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517866.001

ISBN: 9781475517866

Keywords: fiscal multipliers, government expenditure, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, General,

Should fiscal consolidations be front-loaded or proceed at a more steady pace, and how does this affect growth? We make an attempt to address this question using a three-step methodology. First, we modify a standar...

Spillovers to and from the Nordic Economies
			: A Macroeconometric Model Based Analysis

Spillovers to and from the Nordic Economies : A Macroeconometric Model Based Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2013/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475514667.001

ISBN: 9781475514667

Keywords: Spillover analysis, Trade linkages, Financial linkages, External risks, Policy coordination, bond, domestic demand, world economy, stock market, financial market

This paper analyzes the transmission of shocks and policies among and across the Nordic economies and the rest of the world. This spillover analysis is based on a pair of estimated structural macroeconometric model...

Distributional Consequences of Fiscal Consolidation and the Role of Fiscal Policy
			: What Do the Data Say?

Distributional Consequences of Fiscal Consolidation and the Role of Fiscal Policy : What Do the Data Say? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaejoon Woo , Elva Bova , Tidiane Kinda , and Yuanyan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484390917.001

ISBN: 9781484390917

Keywords: Inequality, Gini Coefficient, Tax and Spending policy, gini, income distribution, world income inequality, dependent variable, General, Equity, Justice

The 2007-09 Great Recession has led to an unprecedented increase in public debt in many countries, triggering substantial fiscal adjustments. What are the distributional consequences of fiscal austerity measures? T...

Nordic Regional Report
			: Selected Issues

Nordic Regional Report : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/275

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484391556.002

ISBN: 9781484391556

Keywords: banking, banking system, deposit insurance, deposit insurance coverage, banking sector

This Selected Issues paper elaborates findings and discussions of 2013 Cluster Consultation Nordic Regional report. The countries have close economic and financial ties and face some common challenges and shared ri...

Nordic Regional Report
			: 2013 Cluster Consultation

Nordic Regional Report : 2013 Cluster Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589511.002

ISBN: 9781475589511

Keywords: banking, banking sector, banking system, banking union

This paper examines 2013 Cluster Consultation-a Nordic Regional IMF staff report. Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden that form the Nordic region share a set of strong economic and social institutions and policies...

Sweden
			: Selected Issues

Sweden : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484382554.002

ISBN: 9781484382554

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment rate, rate of unemployment, natural rate of unemployment

This 2013 Article IV Consultation examines the performance of Sweden's fiscal policies to counter effects of global financial crisis. Economic growth in Sweden has been moderate since global financial crisis of 200...

Sweden
			: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Sweden : 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/276

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378939.002

ISBN: 9781484378939

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, financial assets, portfolio investment, financial reform

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights Sweden's economic growth and policies. Sweden's economy appears to be slowing together with its main Nordic and European trading partners. The IMF report discusses that...

Age at retirement by educational background in Nordic countries

Age at retirement by educational background in Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326667

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Labour Force, Nordic Countries, Retirement Age, Absent Additional Pension Policy Changes, Educational Level, Field of Study

The labour force in Nordic countries will change over the next few years. Absent additional pension policy changes, a majority of working persons age 50 and older will retire by 2020. Average retirement age varies...

Agriculture and the environment in the Nordic countries
			: Policies for sustainability and green growth

Agriculture and the environment in the Nordic countries : Policies for sustainability and green growth »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Valborg Kvakkestad , Øystein Skutevik , and Anne Strøm Prestvik

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325950

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Agricultural Products, Natural Resources, Fragile Ecosystems, Sustainable Agricultural Practices, Green Growth, Water Pollution

In the future, demand for agricultural products will increase. The agricultural sector must meet the increase in demand without compromising the natural resources of which it depends on and damage fragile ecosystem...

Allergen labelling and use of advisory labelling "May contain traces of [allergen]"

Allergen labelling and use of advisory labelling "May contain traces of [allergen]" »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Siri B. Svinddal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324588

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Inspection Campaign, Labelling of Allergens, Advisory Labelling, Accurate Labelling of Allergens, Allergy Safety, Nordic Co-operation

In 2010-2012, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland collaborated in a Nordic inspection campaign about labelling of allergens and use of advisory labelling ("May contain traces of [allergen]"). The background to the...

Balancing protection and prosecution in anti-trafficking policies
			: A comparative analysis of reflection periods and related temporary residence permits for victims of trafficking in the Nordic countries, Belgium and Italy

Balancing protection and prosecution in anti-trafficking policies : A comparative analysis of reflection periods and related temporary residence permits for victims of trafficking in the Nordic countries, Belgium and Italy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anette Brunovskis

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324236

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Trafficking, European Countries, Reflection Period, Victim Protection, Traffickers, Nordic Countries

When victims of trafficking are identified in a country of destination, they are often in a situation marked by lack of clarity. In response to this, most European countries have a so-called reflection period for v...

Baltic Investment Programme
			:  - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries

Baltic Investment Programme : - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ib Katznelson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326414

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Baltic Investment Programme, European Union, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, National Investment Banks, Commercial Financial Sector, Economic Growth

The Baltic Investment Programme was first launched for the period 1992-1995. It was then extended for another period, 1995-1998. In 1998 it was decided to let the programme come to a gradual end in 2003, the year b...

Children's Participation and Decision-Making in Medical Matters

Children's Participation and Decision-Making in Medical Matters »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Helena von Troil

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326261

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, International and National Agreements, Conventions Children, Medical Treatment, Conference Summary Highlights, Participation in Medical Research, Decision-making

According to international and national agreements and conventions children have a right to express their views in all matters affecting them. However it is one thing to state that children have a right to express...

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors
			: The Power and Steel Sectors

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors : The Power and Steel Sectors »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Henrik Bergsager , and Anna Korppoo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325356

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Greenhouse Gas, State Owned Enterprises (SOEs), Electricity and Steel Sectors, Guanxi and Nomenklatura, Emission Growth, Political Leadership

A significant share of the greenhouse gas emitting activities of China is operated by state owned enterprises (SOEs). This report, written by Fridtjof Nansen Institute for the Nordic Council of Ministers, discusses...

Control mechanisms for Nordic ship emissions

Control mechanisms for Nordic ship emissions »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Kjetil Martinsen , and Asbjørn Torvanger

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325165

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Shipping, Environmental Regulations, Pollution Burden, DNV, Control Mechanisms, Ship Emission

Shipping today operates under a complex set of international and domestic regulations. However, the environmental regulations have lagged behind those of other industries. This situation is now changing quite drama...

Creating an inclusive labour market
			: Inclusion of youths, people with disabilities and seniors (a summary)

Creating an inclusive labour market : Inclusion of youths, people with disabilities and seniors (a summary) »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ragna Flø , Bjørn Halvorsen , Ole-Johnny Hansen , and Jenny Tägtström

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325745

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Welfare, Economic Independence, Labour Market Inclusion Project, Project Stresses, Individually Adapted, Universal Solutions

High participation in the labour market is the cornerstone of Nordic welfare and high living standards. In all the Nordic countries, the goal is that as many as possible can participate in employment. Work provides...

Discovery and characterisation of dietary patterns in two Nordic countries
			: Using non-supervised and supervised multivariate statistical techniques to analyse dietary survey data

Discovery and characterisation of dietary patterns in two Nordic countries : Using non-supervised and supervised multivariate statistical techniques to analyse dietary survey data »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anna Edberg , Sisse Fagt , Eva Freyhult , Lene Frost Andersen , Mats G. Gustafsson , Ulf Hammerling , Anna Karin Lindroos , Vibeke Kildegaard Knudsen , Salomon Sand , and Daniel Soeria-Atmadja

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325813

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Multivariate Data Analysis, Pattern Discovery, Predictive Modelling, Hierarchical Cluster Analysis, Factor Analysis, Dietary Prototypes

This Nordic study encompasses multivariate data analysis (MDA) of preschool Danish as well as pre- and elementary school Swedish consumers. Contrary to other counterparts the study incorporates two separate MDA var...

Economic Outlook in the Nordic Countries 2014
			: The Nordic Working Group of Economic Trends Review, autumn 2013

Economic Outlook in the Nordic Countries 2014 : The Nordic Working Group of Economic Trends Review, autumn 2013 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326599

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Outlook, Nordic Working Group, Economic Trends, Economic Situation, Nordic Countries

The Economic Outlook in the Nordic countries 2014 is the review from the Nordic Working Group of Economic Trends for the economic situation in the Nordic countries autumn 2013. The review contents as previous years...

Efficient strategy to support renewable energy
			: Integration in overall climate and energy security policies

Efficient strategy to support renewable energy : Integration in overall climate and energy security policies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elin Bergman , Martin Bo Hansen , Helge Sigurd Næss-Schmidt , and Patrik Söderholm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325691

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Renewable Energy, Climate Change, Energy Security, Low Carbon Technologies, Nordic Council, Copenhagen Economics

This report reviews how the Nordic countries can develop a strategy for renewable energy that delivers efficiently on the two underlying policy objectives of climate change and energy security challenges. The overa...

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll , Silja Kralik , Friðrik Már Baldursson , and Haakon Vennemo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324793

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fiscal Consolidation, Environmental Tax, Subsidy Reforms, Economic Efficiency, Financial Crisis, Environmental Tax Policy

This project adds insight into the potential contribution to fiscal consolidation from environmental tax and subsidy reforms, i.e. strengthening public budgets while at the same time improving economic efficiency a...

A Framework for Multispecies Assessment and Management
			: An ICES/NCM Background Document

A Framework for Multispecies Assessment and Management : An ICES/NCM Background Document »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Bjarte Bogstad , Stuart Reeves , Anna Rindorf , Jörn Schmidt , and Yvonne Walther

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325844

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fisheries Management, Management Advice, Goals for Management, Science and Policy Domains, Baltic Sea, North Sea

The report describes a framework that can be used to identify the most important trade-offs in ecosystem based fisheries management. The framework contains a description of how to identify the border between the sc...

Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries
			: Patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices

Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries : Patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Line Eldring , and Jon Horgen Friberg

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326247

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, New Comparative Knowledge, Labour Migrants, Recruitment Processes, Polish Labour Migrants, National Regulations, Nordic Labour Markets

This report presents the results from a project that has aimed to generate new comparative knowledge about labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe to the Nordic countries, the factors that shape wage and w...