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Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2021/045

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paola Ganum , and Vimal Thakoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570044.001

ISBN: 9781513570044

Keywords: Commodity markets, Income, Structural reforms, Labor markets, Labor market reforms, COVID-19, Growth, Development, Political Economy, Sub-Saharan Africa.

Covid-19 has exacerbated economic and social vulnerabilities across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is a risk that growth could be lower for longer, with a setback to development. Post-pandemic reforms thus become...

Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa1

Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa1 »

Source: Post-Covid-19 Recovery and Resilience: Leveraging Reforms for Growth and Inclusion in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2021/045

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paola Ganum , and Vimal Thakoor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2021

ISBN: 9781513570044

Keywords: Commodity markets, Income, Structural reforms, Labor markets, Labor market reforms, COVID-19, Growth, Development, Political Economy, Sub-Saharan Africa.

Covid-19 has exacerbated economic and social vulnerabilities across Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). There is a risk that growth could be lower for longer, with a setback to development. Post-pandemic reforms thus become...

Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand

Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand »

Source: Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2020/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister , Harald Finger , Yosuke Kido , Siddharth Kothari , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

ISBN: 9781513563282

Keywords: Potential output, Labor force participation, Productivity, Total factor productivity, Capital accumulation, scarring, COVID-19, advanced economies, Australia, New Zealand

While the world is focused on addressing the near-term ramifications of the COVID-19 shock, we turn attention to another important aspect of the pandemic: its fallout on medium-term potential output through scarrin...

Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand

Addressing the Pandemic's Medium-Term Fallout in Australia and New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2020/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister , Harald Finger , Yosuke Kido , Siddharth Kothari , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563282.001

ISBN: 9781513563282

Keywords: Potential output, Labor force participation, Productivity, Total factor productivity, Capital accumulation, scarring, COVID-19, advanced economies, Australia, New Zealand

While the world is focused on addressing the near-term ramifications of the COVID-19 shock, we turn attention to another important aspect of the pandemic: its fallout on medium-term potential output through scarrin...

UnFEAR: Unsupervised Feature Extraction Clustering with an Application to Crisis Regimes Classification

UnFEAR: Unsupervised Feature Extraction Clustering with an Application to Crisis Regimes Classification »

Volume/Issue: 2020/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , and Ran Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561660.001

ISBN: 9781513561660

Keywords: Financial crises, Early warning systems, Machine learning, Economic and financial statistics, Financial statistics, clustering, unsupervised feature extraction, autoencoder, deep learning, biased label problem

We introduce unFEAR, Unsupervised Feature Extraction Clustering, to identify economic crisis regimes. Given labeled crisis and non-crisis episodes and the corresponding features values, unFEAR uses unsupervised rep...

UnFEAR: Unsupervised Feature Extraction Clustering with an Application to Crisis Regimes Classification

UnFEAR: Unsupervised Feature Extraction Clustering with an Application to Crisis Regimes Classification »

Source: UnFEAR: Unsupervised Feature Extraction Clustering with an Application to Crisis Regimes Classification

Volume/Issue: 2020/262

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jorge Chan-Lau , and Ran Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561660

Keywords: Financial crises, Early warning systems, Machine learning, Economic and financial statistics, Financial statistics, clustering, unsupervised feature extraction, autoencoder, deep learning, biased label problem

We introduce unFEAR, Unsupervised Feature Extraction Clustering, to identify economic crisis regimes. Given labeled crisis and non-crisis episodes and the corresponding features values, unFEAR uses unsupervised rep...

What Do We Talk About When We Talk About Output Gaps?

What Do We Talk About When We Talk About Output Gaps? »

Volume/Issue: 2020/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jelle Barkema , Tryggvi Gudmundsson , and Mico Mrkaic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513561257.001

ISBN: 9781513561257

Keywords: Output gap, Potential output, Inflation, Business cycles, Current account balance, Output gaps, monetary policy, fiscal policy, WP, output gap estimate

Estimates of output gaps continue to play a key role in assessments of the stance of business cycles. This paper uses three approaches to examine the historical record of output gap measurements and their use in su...

What Do We Talk About When We Talk About Output Gaps?

What Do We Talk About When We Talk About Output Gaps? »

Source: What Do We Talk About When We Talk About Output Gaps?

Volume/Issue: 2020/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jelle Barkema , Tryggvi Gudmundsson , and Mico Mrkaic

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 2020

ISBN: 9781513561257

Keywords: Output gap, Potential output, Inflation, Business cycles, Current account balance, Output gaps, monetary policy, fiscal policy, WP, output gap estimate

Estimates of output gaps continue to play a key role in assessments of the stance of business cycles. This paper uses three approaches to examine the historical record of output gap measurements and their use in su...

Dominant Currencies and External Adjustment

Dominant Currencies and External Adjustment »

Source: Dominant Currencies and External Adjustment

Volume/Issue: 2020/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Camila Casas , Luis Cubeddu , Gita Gopinath , Nan Li , Sergii Meleshchuk , Carolina Osorio Buitron , Damien Puy , and Yannick Timmer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513512150

Keywords: Currency exchange rates, External trade, West African Economic and Monetary Union, Foreign currency exposure, Monetary statistics, Flexible exchange rates, Exchange rate pass-through, trade pricing, trade invoicing, exchange rate

The extensive use of the US dollar when firms set prices for international trade (dubbed dominant currency pricing) and in their funding (dominant currency financing) has come to the forefront of policy debate, rai...

Dominant Currencies and External Adjustment

Dominant Currencies and External Adjustment »

Volume/Issue: 2020/5

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Gustavo Adler , Camila Casas , Luis Cubeddu , Gita Gopinath , Nan Li , Sergii Meleshchuk , Carolina Osorio Buitron , Damien Puy , and Yannick Timmer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513512150.006

ISBN: 9781513512150

Keywords: Currency exchange rates, External trade, West African Economic and Monetary Union, Foreign currency exposure, Monetary statistics, Flexible exchange rates, Exchange rate pass-through, trade pricing, trade invoicing, exchange rate

The extensive use of the US dollar when firms set prices for international trade (dubbed dominant currency pricing) and in their funding (dominant currency financing) has come to the forefront of policy debate, rai...

A Quantitative Model for the Integrated Policy Framework

A Quantitative Model for the Integrated Policy Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2020/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tobias Adrian , Christopher Erceg , Jesper Lindé , Pawel Zabczyk , and Jianping Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513549668.001

ISBN: 9781513549668

Keywords: Purchasing power, Supply and demand, Exchange rate policy, Exchange premiums, Exchange markets, Monetary Policy, FX Intervention, Emerging Economies, DSGE Model., WP

Many central banks have relied on a range of policy tools, including foreign exchange intervention (FXI) and capital flow management tools (CFMs), to mitigate the effects of volatile capital flows on their economie...

A Quantitative Model for the Integrated Policy Framework

A Quantitative Model for the Integrated Policy Framework »

Source: A Quantitative Model for the Integrated Policy Framework

Volume/Issue: 2020/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tobias Adrian , Christopher Erceg , Jesper Lindé , Pawel Zabczyk , and Jianping Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2020

ISBN: 9781513549668

Keywords: Purchasing power, Supply and demand, Exchange rate policy, Exchange premiums, Exchange markets, Monetary Policy, FX Intervention, Emerging Economies, DSGE Model., WP

Many central banks have relied on a range of policy tools, including foreign exchange intervention (FXI) and capital flow management tools (CFMs), to mitigate the effects of volatile capital flows on their economie...

Évolution de la communication sur la politique économique

Évolution de la communication sur la politique économique »

Source: Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olga Ilinichna Stankova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513510606

Keywords: Economic policy, External communications, Communications services, Financial institutions, Central banks, Central bank accountability, Central bank policy, Central bank independence, Central banking, Economic Policy Communications

The paper provides an overall view of communications across various areas of economic policy, aiming to help country authorities as they increasingly use communications as a policy tool in its own right. The paper...

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications »

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olga Ilinichna Stankova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 November 2019

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510606.087

ISBN: 9781513510606

Keywords: Economic policy, External communications, Communications services, Financial institutions, Central banks, Central bank accountability, Central bank policy, Central bank independence, Central banking, Economic Policy Communications

The paper provides an overall view of communications across various areas of economic policy, aiming to help country authorities as they increasingly use communications as a policy tool in its own right. The paper...

German Bond Yields and Debt Supply: Is There a 'Bund Premium'?1

German Bond Yields and Debt Supply: Is There a 'Bund Premium'?1 »

Source: German Bond Yields and Debt Supply: Is There a 'Bund Premium'?

Volume/Issue: 2019/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne-Charlotte Paret , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2019

ISBN: 9781513518329

Keywords: Financial crises, Sovereign credit ratings, Economic policy, Financial institutions, International financial markets, Sovereign Bond Yields, Bond Supply, Central Bank Quantitative Easing, WP, premia

Are Bunds special? This paper estimates the 'Bund premium' as the difference in convenience yields between other sovereign safe assets and German government bonds adjusted for sovereign credit risk, liquidity and s...

German Bond Yields and Debt Supply: Is There a 'Bund Premium'?

German Bond Yields and Debt Supply: Is There a 'Bund Premium'? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne-Charlotte Paret , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513518329.001

ISBN: 9781513518329

Keywords: Financial crises, Sovereign credit ratings, Economic policy, Financial institutions, International financial markets, Sovereign Bond Yields, Bond Supply, Central Bank Quantitative Easing, WP, premia

Are Bunds special? This paper estimates the 'Bund premium' as the difference in convenience yields between other sovereign safe assets and German government bonds adjusted for sovereign credit risk, liquidity and s...

Interconnectedness and Contagion Analysis: A Practical Framework

Interconnectedness and Contagion Analysis: A Practical Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2019/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jana Bricco , and TengTeng Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516226.001

ISBN: 9781513516226

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Financial crises, Financial institutions, Financial systems, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Interconnectedess, Contagion, Financial Stability, Risk Analysis, Systemic Risk.

The analysis of interconnectedness and contagion is an important part of the financial stability and risk assessment of a country's financial system. This paper offers detailed and practical guidance on how to cond...

Interconnectedness and Contagion Analysis: A Practical Framework

Interconnectedness and Contagion Analysis: A Practical Framework »

Source: Interconnectedness and Contagion Analysis: A Practical Framework

Volume/Issue: 2019/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jana Bricco , and TengTeng Xu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513516226

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Financial crises, Financial institutions, Financial systems, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Interconnectedess, Contagion, Financial Stability, Risk Analysis, Systemic Risk.

The analysis of interconnectedness and contagion is an important part of the financial stability and risk assessment of a country's financial system. This paper offers detailed and practical guidance on how to cond...

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications »

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olga Ilinichna Stankova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2019

Language: Russian

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510613.087

ISBN: 9781513510613

Keywords: Economic policy, External communications, Communications services, Financial institutions, Central banks, Central bank accountability, Central bank policy, Central bank independence, Central banking, Economic Policy Communications

The paper provides an overall view of communications across various areas of economic policy, aiming to help country authorities as they increasingly use communications as a policy tool in its own right. The paper...

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications »

Source: Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olga Ilinichna Stankova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2019

Language: Russian

ISBN: 9781513510613

Keywords: Economic policy, External communications, Communications services, Financial institutions, Central banks, Central bank accountability, Central bank policy, Central bank independence, Central banking, Economic Policy Communications

The paper provides an overall view of communications across various areas of economic policy, aiming to help country authorities as they increasingly use communications as a policy tool in its own right. The paper...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand »

Source: New Zealand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2019/303

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513514758

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Balance of payments, Real sector, External sector, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, house affordability, percent change, LVR

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand discusses that economic growth picked up in early 2019 after slowing in the second half of 2018. The pickup mostly reflected a rebound in private business investme...

New Zealand
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

New Zealand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2019/303

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514758.002

ISBN: 9781513514758

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Balance of payments, Real sector, External sector, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, house affordability, percent change, LVR

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand discusses that economic growth picked up in early 2019 after slowing in the second half of 2018. The pickup mostly reflected a rebound in private business investme...

New Zealand
			: Selected Issues

New Zealand : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/304

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513514765.002

ISBN: 9781513514765

Keywords: External sector, Supply and demand, Monetary policy, Consumption, Inflation, ISCR, CR, financial stability, net migration, secondary consideration

This Selected Issues paper discusses interactions between external risks and the New Zealand economy. The current set of external risks has the potential to be extremely damaging to New Zealand, but two factors wou...

New Zealand: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release and Staff Report

New Zealand: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release and Staff Report »

Source: New Zealand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2019/303

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513514758

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Balance of payments, Real sector, External sector, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, house affordability, percent change, LVR

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand discusses that economic growth picked up in early 2019 after slowing in the second half of 2018. The pickup mostly reflected a rebound in private business investme...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/304

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513514765

Keywords: External sector, Supply and demand, Monetary policy, Consumption, Inflation, ISCR, CR, financial stability, net migration, secondary consideration

This Selected Issues paper discusses interactions between external risks and the New Zealand economy. The current set of external risks has the potential to be extremely damaging to New Zealand, but two factors wou...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/304

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513514765

Keywords: External sector, Supply and demand, Monetary policy, Consumption, Inflation, ISCR, CR, financial stability, net migration, secondary consideration

This Selected Issues paper discusses interactions between external risks and the New Zealand economy. The current set of external risks has the potential to be extremely damaging to New Zealand, but two factors wou...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2019/304

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513514765

Keywords: External sector, Supply and demand, Monetary policy, Consumption, Inflation, ISCR, CR, financial stability, net migration, secondary consideration

This Selected Issues paper discusses interactions between external risks and the New Zealand economy. The current set of external risks has the potential to be extremely damaging to New Zealand, but two factors wou...

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: New Zealand : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2019/303

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2019

ISBN: 9781513514758

Keywords: Financial and Monetary Sector, Balance of payments, Real sector, External sector, Fiscal sector, ISCR, CR, house affordability, percent change, LVR

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand discusses that economic growth picked up in early 2019 after slowing in the second half of 2018. The pickup mostly reflected a rebound in private business investme...

Liquidity Ratios as Monetary Policy Tools: Some Historical Lessons for Macroprudential Policy

Liquidity Ratios as Monetary Policy Tools: Some Historical Lessons for Macroprudential Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2019/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eric Monnet , and Miklos Vari

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498320474.001

ISBN: 9781498320474

Keywords: Central banks, Central banking and monetary issues, Bank credit, Bank rates, Financial management, Specialness, repo market, asset purchases, money market, reserve requirement

This paper explores what history can tell us about the interactions between macroprudential and monetary policy. Based on numerous historical documents, we show that liquidity ratios similar to the Liquidity Covera...

Liquidity Ratios as Monetary Policy Tools: Some Historical Lessons for Macroprudential Policy*

Liquidity Ratios as Monetary Policy Tools: Some Historical Lessons for Macroprudential Policy* »

Source: Liquidity Ratios as Monetary Policy Tools: Some Historical Lessons for Macroprudential Policy

Volume/Issue: 2019/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eric Monnet , and Miklos Vari

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

ISBN: 9781498320474

Keywords: Central banks, Central banking and monetary issues, Bank credit, Bank rates, Financial management, Specialness, repo market, asset purchases, money market, reserve requirement

This paper explores what history can tell us about the interactions between macroprudential and monetary policy. Based on numerous historical documents, we show that liquidity ratios similar to the Liquidity Covera...

New Zealand
			: Technical Assistance Report-Report on the Monetary and Financial Statistics Mission

New Zealand : Technical Assistance Report-Report on the Monetary and Financial Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2019/163

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498319782.002

ISBN: 9781498319782

Keywords: Monetary statistics, Financial statistics, Financial statements, Central banks, Balance sheets, OFCs, FSIS, MFS, superannuation, source data

At the request of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ), and with the support of the IMF's Asia & Pacific Department (APD), a monetary and financial statistics (MFS) technical assistance (TA) mission visited Welli...

New Zealand

New Zealand »

Source: New Zealand : Technical Assistance Report-Report on the Monetary and Financial Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2019/163

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498319782

Keywords: Monetary statistics, Financial statistics, Financial statements, Central banks, Balance sheets, OFCs, FSIS, MFS, superannuation, source data

At the request of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ), and with the support of the IMF's Asia & Pacific Department (APD), a monetary and financial statistics (MFS) technical assistance (TA) mission visited Welli...

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications »

Source: Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olga Ilinichna Stankova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498311038

Keywords: Economic policy, External communications, Communications services, Financial institutions, Central banks, Central bank accountability, Central bank policy, Central bank independence, Central banking, Economic Policy Communications

The paper provides an overall view of communications across various areas of economic policy, aiming to help country authorities as they increasingly use communications as a policy tool in its own right. The paper...

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications »

Source: Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olga Ilinichna Stankova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2019

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513510620

Keywords: Economic policy, External communications, Communications services, Financial institutions, Central banks, Central bank accountability, Central bank policy, Central bank independence, Central banking, Economic Policy Communications

The paper provides an overall view of communications across various areas of economic policy, aiming to help country authorities as they increasingly use communications as a policy tool in its own right. The paper...

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications »

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olga Ilinichna Stankova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2019

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510620.087

ISBN: 9781513510620

Keywords: Economic policy, External communications, Communications services, Financial institutions, Central banks, Central bank accountability, Central bank policy, Central bank independence, Central banking, Economic Policy Communications

The paper provides an overall view of communications across various areas of economic policy, aiming to help country authorities as they increasingly use communications as a policy tool in its own right. The paper...

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications

Frontiers of Economic Policy Communications »

Volume/Issue: 2019/8

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Olga Ilinichna Stankova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311038.087

ISBN: 9781498311038

Keywords: Economic policy, External communications, Communications services, Financial institutions, Central banks, Central bank accountability, Central bank policy, Central bank independence, Central banking, Economic Policy Communications

The paper provides an overall view of communications across various areas of economic policy, aiming to help country authorities as they increasingly use communications as a policy tool in its own right. The paper...

The Motives to Borrow

The Motives to Borrow »

Volume/Issue: 2019/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Fatás , Atish Ghosh , Ugo Panizza , and Andrea Presbitero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312103.001

ISBN: 9781498312103

Keywords: Domestic debt, Economic growth, Economic recovery, Real interest rates, Domestic currency debt, Sovereign Debt, Political Economy, Fiscal Policy, Growth, debt-to-GDP ratio

Governments issue debt for good and bad reasons. While the good reasons-intertemporal tax-smoothing, fiscal stimulus, and asset management-can explain some of the increases in public debt in recent years, they cann...

The Motives to Borrow

The Motives to Borrow »

Source: The Motives to Borrow

Volume/Issue: 2019/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Fatás , Atish Ghosh , Ugo Panizza , and Andrea Presbitero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498312103

Keywords: Domestic debt, Economic growth, Economic recovery, Real interest rates, Domestic currency debt, Sovereign Debt, Political Economy, Fiscal Policy, Growth, debt-to-GDP ratio

Governments issue debt for good and bad reasons. While the good reasons-intertemporal tax-smoothing, fiscal stimulus, and asset management-can explain some of the increases in public debt in recent years, they cann...

The Value Added Tax and Growth: Design Matters

The Value Added Tax and Growth: Design Matters »

Volume/Issue: 2019/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santiago Acosta Ormaechea , and Atsuyoshi Morozumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312233.001

ISBN: 9781498312233

Keywords: Tax revenue, Tax evasion, Revenue measures, Tax collection, Income taxes, VAT, Economic growth, Standard rate, C-efficiency, Base broadening

Does the design of a tax matter for growth? Assembling a novel dataset for 30 OECD countries over the 1970-2016 period, this paper examines whether the value added tax (VAT) may have different effects on long-run g...

The Value Added Tax and Growth: Design Matters

The Value Added Tax and Growth: Design Matters »

Source: The Value Added Tax and Growth: Design Matters

Volume/Issue: 2019/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Santiago Acosta Ormaechea , and Atsuyoshi Morozumi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498312233

Keywords: Tax revenue, Tax evasion, Revenue measures, Tax collection, Income taxes, VAT, Economic growth, Standard rate, C-efficiency, Base broadening

Does the design of a tax matter for growth? Assembling a novel dataset for 30 OECD countries over the 1970-2016 period, this paper examines whether the value added tax (VAT) may have different effects on long-run g...

Report on the Pacific Roundtables
			: Actions to Address Correspondent Banking and Remittances Pressures

Report on the Pacific Roundtables : Actions to Address Correspondent Banking and Remittances Pressures »

Volume/Issue: 2019/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alison Stuart , Jihad Alwazir , Yan Liu , Scott Roger , Si Guo , Chau Nguyen , Emmanuel Mathias , and Jonathan Pampolina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498306447.087

ISBN: 9781498306447

Keywords: Banking, Emigrant remittances, Remittances, Pacific Islands, Remittance money, Australia and New Zealand, International organizations, Central banks, Bank accounting, Commercial banks

The paper looks at feasible concrete action that can be taken by correspondent and respondent banks, money transfer operators, the Pacific authorities, the Australian and New Zealand authorities, and international...

Report on the Pacific Roundtables

Report on the Pacific Roundtables »

Source: Report on the Pacific Roundtables : Actions to Address Correspondent Banking and Remittances Pressures

Volume/Issue: 2019/6

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Alison Stuart , Jihad Alwazir , Yan Liu , Scott Roger , Si Guo , Chau Nguyen , Emmanuel Mathias , and Jonathan Pampolina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498306447

Keywords: Banking, Emigrant remittances, Remittances, Pacific Islands, Remittance money, Australia and New Zealand, International organizations, Central banks, Bank accounting, Commercial banks

The paper looks at feasible concrete action that can be taken by correspondent and respondent banks, money transfer operators, the Pacific authorities, the Australian and New Zealand authorities, and international...

Reinvigorating Trade and Inclusive Growth

Reinvigorating Trade and Inclusive Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2018/046

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498309905.007

ISBN: 9781498309905

Keywords: Trade, Trade integration, Trade policy, Economic integration, Cost of living, Agricultural trade, Social safety nets, WTO member, GATS, e-commerce

"Trade integration can play a much larger role in boosting shared prosperity. The current focus on trade tensions threatens to obscure the great untapped benefits possible from further trade reform. The opportuniti...

Reinvigorating Trade and Inclusive Growth

Reinvigorating Trade and Inclusive Growth »

Source: Reinvigorating Trade and Inclusive Growth

Volume/Issue: 2018/046

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2018

ISBN: 9781498309905

Keywords: Trade, Trade integration, Trade policy, Economic integration, Cost of living, Agricultural trade, Social safety nets, WTO member, GATS, e-commerce

"Trade integration can play a much larger role in boosting shared prosperity. The current focus on trade tensions threatens to obscure the great untapped benefits possible from further trade reform. The opportuniti...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2018 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2018 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand »

Source: New Zealand : 2018 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2018/202

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484365816

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

New Zealand's economy has enjoyed a solid expansion since 2011. With a persistent net migration wave, potential output has moved closely in line with actual output, and economic slack has decreased slowly. Macroeco...

New Zealand
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

New Zealand : 2018 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2018/202

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484365816.002

ISBN: 9781484365816

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

New Zealand's economy has enjoyed a solid expansion since 2011. With a persistent net migration wave, potential output has moved closely in line with actual output, and economic slack has decreased slowly. Macroeco...

New Zealand
			: Selected Issues

New Zealand : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484365823.002

ISBN: 9781484365823

Keywords: Public investment, Infrastructure, Inflation targeting, Housing prices, Productivity, Profits, Selected issues

This Selected Issues paper focuses on gaps and multiplier effects of infrastructure investment in New Zealand. There has been high quality work done to quantify the infrastructure gap for New Zealand by Oxford Econ...

New Zealand: 2018 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

New Zealand: 2018 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand »

Source: New Zealand : 2018 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2018/202

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484365816

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

New Zealand's economy has enjoyed a solid expansion since 2011. With a persistent net migration wave, potential output has moved closely in line with actual output, and economic slack has decreased slowly. Macroeco...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484365823

Keywords: Public investment, Infrastructure, Inflation targeting, Housing prices, Productivity, Profits, Selected issues

This Selected Issues paper focuses on gaps and multiplier effects of infrastructure investment in New Zealand. There has been high quality work done to quantify the infrastructure gap for New Zealand by Oxford Econ...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484365823

Keywords: Public investment, Infrastructure, Inflation targeting, Housing prices, Productivity, Profits, Selected issues

This Selected Issues paper focuses on gaps and multiplier effects of infrastructure investment in New Zealand. There has been high quality work done to quantify the infrastructure gap for New Zealand by Oxford Econ...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484365823

Keywords: Public investment, Infrastructure, Inflation targeting, Housing prices, Productivity, Profits, Selected issues

This Selected Issues paper focuses on gaps and multiplier effects of infrastructure investment in New Zealand. There has been high quality work done to quantify the infrastructure gap for New Zealand by Oxford Econ...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/203

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484365823

Keywords: Public investment, Infrastructure, Inflation targeting, Housing prices, Productivity, Profits, Selected issues

This Selected Issues paper focuses on gaps and multiplier effects of infrastructure investment in New Zealand. There has been high quality work done to quantify the infrastructure gap for New Zealand by Oxford Econ...

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: New Zealand : 2018 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2018/202

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484365816

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

New Zealand's economy has enjoyed a solid expansion since 2011. With a persistent net migration wave, potential output has moved closely in line with actual output, and economic slack has decreased slowly. Macroeco...

Statement by Grant Johnston, Alternate Executive Director for New Zealand June 25, 2018

Statement by Grant Johnston, Alternate Executive Director for New Zealand June 25, 2018 »

Source: New Zealand : 2018 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2018/202

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484365816

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

New Zealand's economy has enjoyed a solid expansion since 2011. With a persistent net migration wave, potential output has moved closely in line with actual output, and economic slack has decreased slowly. Macroeco...

Central Banking and Fintech-A Brave New World?
			: CHRISTINE LAGARDE

Central Banking and Fintech-A Brave New World? : CHRISTINE LAGARDE »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323014.073

ISBN: 9781484323014

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Central banks, Financial crises, International monetary system, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, virtual currency, Christine Lagarde, central bank, brave new world, intermediation

Address at the Bank of England Twentieth Anniversary Conference London, U.K. September 29, 2017 International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde delivered this address at the Bank of England conferen...

Central Banking and Fintech A Brave New World?

Central Banking and Fintech A Brave New World? »

Source: Central Banking and Fintech-A Brave New World? : CHRISTINE LAGARDE

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484323014

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Central banks, Financial crises, International monetary system, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, virtual currency, Christine Lagarde, central bank, brave new world, intermediation

CHRISTINE LAGARDE MANAGING DIRECTOR OF THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND Governor, Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen—Good morning! Tank yo...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Central Banking and Fintech-A Brave New World? : CHRISTINE LAGARDE

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 October 2017

ISBN: 9781484323014

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Central banks, Financial crises, International monetary system, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, virtual currency, Christine Lagarde, central bank, brave new world, intermediation

Address at the Bank of England Twentieth Anniversary Conference London, U.K. September 29, 2017 International Monetary Fund Managing Director Christine Lagarde delivered this address at the Bank of England conferen...

Gender Budgeting in G7 Countries

Gender Budgeting in G7 Countries »

Source: Gender Budgeting in G7 Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2017

ISBN: 9781498346849

Keywords: Financial management information systems, Personal income taxes, National budgets, Fiscal policy, Social welfare programs, gender-related, gender equality, PFM, advanced country, work history

At the request of the Italian Presidency of the G7, the IMF has prepared a paper on gender-budgeting as a contribution to the G7 initiative on equality. The paper provides an overview of gender-responsive budgeting...

Gender Budgeting in G7 Countries

Gender Budgeting in G7 Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2017/021

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498346849.007

ISBN: 9781498346849

Keywords: Financial management information systems, Personal income taxes, National budgets, Fiscal policy, Social welfare programs, gender-related, gender equality, PFM, advanced country, work history

At the request of the Italian Presidency of the G7, the IMF has prepared a paper on gender-budgeting as a contribution to the G7 initiative on equality. The paper provides an overview of gender-responsive budgeting...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Detailed Assessment of Observance-Insurance Core Principles

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance-Insurance Core Principles »

Volume/Issue: 2017/121

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599954.002

ISBN: 9781475599954

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This paper presents an assessment of the Observance of Insurance Core Principles in New Zealand. Observance of these principles in New Zealand falls significantly short. In some areas, the implementation of initiat...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program »

Source: New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance-Insurance Core Principles

Volume/Issue: 2017/121

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599954

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This paper presents an assessment of the Observance of Insurance Core Principles in New Zealand. Observance of these principles in New Zealand falls significantly short. In some areas, the implementation of initiat...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Detailed Assessment of Observance-Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance-Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2017/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599930.002

ISBN: 9781475599930

This paper presents an assessment of Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (BCP) in New Zealand. The supervisory approach of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) reflects the c...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2017/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599848.002

ISBN: 9781475599848

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note assesses the level of implementation of the Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework in New Zealand. Work has already begun to identify necessary resources, such as rosters of potent...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Fund Management-Regulation, Supervision, and Systemic Risk Monitoring

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Fund Management-Regulation, Supervision, and Systemic Risk Monitoring »

Volume/Issue: 2017/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599855.002

ISBN: 9781475599855

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note presents an assessment of Regulation, Supervision and Systemic Risk Monitoring in New Zealand. The overall regulatory framework for asset management is well developed, but would benefit from som...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Macroprudential Institutional Framework and Policies

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Macroprudential Institutional Framework and Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2017/118

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599909.002

ISBN: 9781475599909

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This Technical Note assesses the macroprudential institutional framework and policies in New Zealand. New Zealand has a strong institutional framework for macroprudential policy. This framework is based on a clear...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Regulation and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Regulation and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures »

Volume/Issue: 2017/115

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599824.002

ISBN: 9781475599824

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note assesses regulation and oversight of financial market infrastructures (FMIs) in New Zealand. The regulatory and oversight framework for FMIs in New Zealand is undergoing a major reform. The Rese...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking Sector and Systemic Risk Analysis

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking Sector and Systemic Risk Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2017/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599923.002

ISBN: 9781475599923

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note discusses the results of stress testing of the banking sector and systemic risk analysis for New Zealand. The banking sector, which dominates the financial system, has significant exposure to re...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program »

Source: New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking Sector and Systemic Risk Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2017/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599923

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note discusses the results of stress testing of the banking sector and systemic risk analysis for New Zealand. The banking sector, which dominates the financial system, has significant exposure to re...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program »

Source: New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Fund Management-Regulation, Supervision, and Systemic Risk Monitoring

Volume/Issue: 2017/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599855

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note presents an assessment of Regulation, Supervision and Systemic Risk Monitoring in New Zealand. The overall regulatory framework for asset management is well developed, but would benefit from som...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program »

Source: New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Regulation and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures

Volume/Issue: 2017/115

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599824

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note assesses regulation and oversight of financial market infrastructures (FMIs) in New Zealand. The regulatory and oversight framework for FMIs in New Zealand is undergoing a major reform. The Rese...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program »

Source: New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Macroprudential Institutional Framework and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2017/118

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599909

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This Technical Note assesses the macroprudential institutional framework and policies in New Zealand. New Zealand has a strong institutional framework for macroprudential policy. This framework is based on a clear...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program »

Source: New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance-Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

Volume/Issue: 2017/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599930

This paper presents an assessment of Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (BCP) in New Zealand. The supervisory approach of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) reflects the c...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program »

Source: New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework

Volume/Issue: 2017/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599848

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note assesses the level of implementation of the Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework in New Zealand. Work has already begun to identify necessary resources, such as rosters of potent...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2017 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2017 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand »

Source: New Zealand : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2017/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599091

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights New Zealand's economic expansion, which since early 2011 gained further broad-based momentum in 2016. GDP growth accelerated to 4 percent, and the output gap has roughly...

New Zealand
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

New Zealand : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2017/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599091.002

ISBN: 9781475599091

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights New Zealand's economic expansion, which since early 2011 gained further broad-based momentum in 2016. GDP growth accelerated to 4 percent, and the output gap has roughly...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2017/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598834.002

ISBN: 9781475598834

This paper presents an assessment of the stability of the financial system in New Zealand. Imbalances in the housing market, banks' concentrated exposures to the dairy sector, and their high reliance on wholesale o...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program »

Source: New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Financial System Stability Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2017/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475598834

This paper presents an assessment of the stability of the financial system in New Zealand. Imbalances in the housing market, banks' concentrated exposures to the dairy sector, and their high reliance on wholesale o...

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2017 Article IV Consultation

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2017 Article IV Consultation »

Source: New Zealand : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2017/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599091

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights New Zealand's economic expansion, which since early 2011 gained further broad-based momentum in 2016. GDP growth accelerated to 4 percent, and the output gap has roughly...

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2017 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2017 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: New Zealand : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2017/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599091

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights New Zealand's economic expansion, which since early 2011 gained further broad-based momentum in 2016. GDP growth accelerated to 4 percent, and the output gap has roughly...

Statement by Grant Johnston, Alternate Executive Director for New Zealand May 3, 2017

Statement by Grant Johnston, Alternate Executive Director for New Zealand May 3, 2017 »

Source: New Zealand : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2017/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

ISBN: 9781475599091

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights New Zealand's economic expansion, which since early 2011 gained further broad-based momentum in 2016. GDP growth accelerated to 4 percent, and the output gap has roughly...

IMF Executive Board Discusses Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows—The Role of Macroprudential Policies

IMF Executive Board Discusses Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows—The Role of Macroprudential Policies »

Source: Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows-The Role of Macroprudential Policies

Volume/Issue: 2017/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 2017

ISBN: 9781498346696

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Capital flows, Capital outflows, Financial systems, Financial institutions, capital flow, resilience, asset price, capital inflow, inflow

Capital flows can deliver substantial benefits for countries, but also have the potential to contribute to a buildup of systemic financial risk. Benefits, such as enhanced investment and consumption smoothing, tend...

IMF Policy Paper: Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows: The Role of Macroprudential Policies

IMF Policy Paper: Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows: The Role of Macroprudential Policies »

Source: Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows-The Role of Macroprudential Policies

Volume/Issue: 2017/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 2017

ISBN: 9781498346696

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Capital flows, Capital outflows, Financial systems, Financial institutions, capital flow, resilience, asset price, capital inflow, inflow

Capital flows can deliver substantial benefits for countries, but also have the potential to contribute to a buildup of systemic financial risk. Benefits, such as enhanced investment and consumption smoothing, tend...

IMF Policy Paper: Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows: The Role of Macroprudential Policies

IMF Policy Paper: Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows: The Role of Macroprudential Policies »

Source: Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows-The Role of Macroprudential Policies

Volume/Issue: 2017/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 2017

ISBN: 9781498346696

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Capital flows, Capital outflows, Financial systems, Financial institutions, capital flow, resilience, asset price, capital inflow, inflow

Capital flows can deliver substantial benefits for countries, but also have the potential to contribute to a buildup of systemic financial risk. Benefits, such as enhanced investment and consumption smoothing, tend...

Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows-The Role of Macroprudential Policies

Increasing Resilience to Large and Volatile Capital Flows-The Role of Macroprudential Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2017/020

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498346696.007

ISBN: 9781498346696

Keywords: Financial regulation and supervision, Capital flows, Capital outflows, Financial systems, Financial institutions, capital flow, resilience, asset price, capital inflow, inflow

Capital flows can deliver substantial benefits for countries, but also have the potential to contribute to a buildup of systemic financial risk. Benefits, such as enhanced investment and consumption smoothing, tend...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method1

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method1 »

Source: Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method »

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524277.001

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

Statement by the Managing Director on the Work Program of the Executive Board - Executive Board Meeting - June 8, 2016

Statement by the Managing Director on the Work Program of the Executive Board - Executive Board Meeting - June 8, 2016 »

Volume/Issue: 2016/049

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345606.007

ISBN: 9781498345606

Keywords: Capital flows, Climatic changes, Economic growth, Executive Board work program, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Fund role, Governance, Monetary policy, Surveillance

The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda (GPA) presented to the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) in April called on member countries to reinforce their commitment to strong, sustainable, in...

Statement by the Managing Director on the Work Program of the Executive Board - Executive Board Meeting - June 8, 2016

Statement by the Managing Director on the Work Program of the Executive Board - Executive Board Meeting - June 8, 2016 »

Source: Statement by the Managing Director on the Work Program of the Executive Board - Executive Board Meeting - June 8, 2016

Volume/Issue: 2016/049

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 August 2016

ISBN: 9781498345606

Keywords: Capital flows, Climatic changes, Economic growth, Executive Board work program, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Fund role, Governance, Monetary policy, Surveillance

The Managing Director's Global Policy Agenda (GPA) presented to the International Monetary and Financial Committee (IMFC) in April called on member countries to reinforce their commitment to strong, sustainable, in...

Analyzing and Managing Fiscal Risks - Best Practices

Analyzing and Managing Fiscal Risks - Best Practices »

Source: Analyzing and Managing Fiscal Risks - Best Practices

Volume/Issue: 2016/025

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2016

ISBN: 9781498345668

Keywords: Bonds, Financial instruments, Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Fiscal risk, Public debt, Risk management, Stress testing, Financial crises, Financial soundness indicators

Comprehensive analysis and management of fiscal risks can help ensure sound fiscal public finances and macroeconomic stability. This has been underscored by the global financial crisis and the more recent collapse...

Analyzing and Managing Fiscal Risks - Best Practices

Analyzing and Managing Fiscal Risks - Best Practices »

Volume/Issue: 2016/025

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345668.007

ISBN: 9781498345668

Keywords: Bonds, Financial instruments, Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Fiscal risk, Public debt, Risk management, Stress testing, Financial crises, Financial soundness indicators

Comprehensive analysis and management of fiscal risks can help ensure sound fiscal public finances and macroeconomic stability. This has been underscored by the global financial crisis and the more recent collapse...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation with New Zealand »

Source: New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2016/39

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781484398654

Keywords: prices, gdp, risks, debt, investment, Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

The 2015 Article IV Consultation provides an overview of New Zealand's economic development and policies. Tailwinds have supported the economy's strong growth after the global financial crisis. However, the tailwin...

New Zealand

New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2016/39

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398654.002

ISBN: 9781484398654

Keywords: prices, gdp, risks, debt, investment, Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

The 2015 Article IV Consultation provides an overview of New Zealand's economic development and policies. Tailwinds have supported the economy's strong growth after the global financial crisis. However, the tailwin...

New Zealand

New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2016/40

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475522549.002

ISBN: 9781475522549

Keywords: productivity, capital, income, savings, investment, New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This paper discusses prospects for potential growth, house prices, household debt, and financial stability risks, and tax policy reforms in New Zealand. Despite having world-class institutions and strong policy fra...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2016/40

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475522549

Keywords: productivity, capital, income, savings, investment, New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This paper discusses prospects for potential growth, house prices, household debt, and financial stability risks, and tax policy reforms in New Zealand. Despite having world-class institutions and strong policy fra...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2016/40

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475522549

Keywords: productivity, capital, income, savings, investment, New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This paper discusses prospects for potential growth, house prices, household debt, and financial stability risks, and tax policy reforms in New Zealand. Despite having world-class institutions and strong policy fra...

New Zealand: Selected Issues

New Zealand: Selected Issues »

Source: New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2016/40

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781475522549

Keywords: productivity, capital, income, savings, investment, New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This paper discusses prospects for potential growth, house prices, household debt, and financial stability risks, and tax policy reforms in New Zealand. Despite having world-class institutions and strong policy fra...

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation

New Zealand: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation »

Source: New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2016/39

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781484398654

Keywords: prices, gdp, risks, debt, investment, Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

The 2015 Article IV Consultation provides an overview of New Zealand's economic development and policies. Tailwinds have supported the economy's strong growth after the global financial crisis. However, the tailwin...

Staff Report For The 2015 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Staff Report For The 2015 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2016/39

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781484398654

Keywords: prices, gdp, risks, debt, investment, Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

The 2015 Article IV Consultation provides an overview of New Zealand's economic development and policies. Tailwinds have supported the economy's strong growth after the global financial crisis. However, the tailwin...

Statement by Vicki Plater, Alternate Executive Director for New Zealand, February 5, 2016

Statement by Vicki Plater, Alternate Executive Director for New Zealand, February 5, 2016 »

Source: New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2016/39

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

ISBN: 9781484398654

Keywords: prices, gdp, risks, debt, investment, Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

The 2015 Article IV Consultation provides an overview of New Zealand's economic development and policies. Tailwinds have supported the economy's strong growth after the global financial crisis. However, the tailwin...

The Whole Elephant
			: A Proposal for Integrating Cash, Accrual, and Sustainability-Gap Accounts

The Whole Elephant : A Proposal for Integrating Cash, Accrual, and Sustainability-Gap Accounts »

Volume/Issue: 2015/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513597492.001

ISBN: 9781513597492

Keywords: Accrual accounts, comprehensive accounts, factor income distribution, budget deficit, deficit, accounting, transactions, All Countries,

Although the budget deficit is much discussed in political debate and economic research, there is no agreement on how it should be measured. There are at least four options, which can be called the cash deficit, th...