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A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?1

A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?1 »

Source: A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?

Volume/Issue: 2019/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Amine Hammadi , Marshall Mills , Nelson Sobrinho , Vimal Thakoor , and Ricardo Velloso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484354872

Keywords: Zambia, Zimbabwe, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) tend to lag those in most other regions in terms of governance and perceptions of corruption. Weak governance undermines economic performance through various channels, includin...

A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa?

A Governance Dividend for Sub-Saharan Africa? »

Volume/Issue: 2019/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Amine Hammadi , Marshall Mills , Nelson Sobrinho , Vimal Thakoor , and Ricardo Velloso

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354872.001

ISBN: 9781484354872

Keywords: Zambia, Zimbabwe, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Congo, Republic of, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Sub-Saharan Africa

Countries in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) tend to lag those in most other regions in terms of governance and perceptions of corruption. Weak governance undermines economic performance through various channels, includin...

Regional Spillovers in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Exploring Different Channels

Regional Spillovers in Sub-Saharan Africa : Exploring Different Channels »

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Spillover Notes

Author(s): Francisco Arizala , Matthieu Bellon , Margaux MacDonald , Montfort Mlachila , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484367148.062

ISBN: 9781484367148

Keywords: Uganda, Togo, Tanzania, Swaziland, South Sudan, Spillovers, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sierra Leone, Congo, Republic of, Congo, Democratic Republic of the

After close to two decades of strong economic activity, overall growth in sub-Saharan Africa decelerated markedly in 2015-16 as the largest economies experienced negative or flat growth. Regional growth started rec...

Regional Spillovers in Sub-Saharan Africa

Regional Spillovers in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Regional Spillovers in Sub-Saharan Africa : Exploring Different Channels

Volume/Issue: 2018/1

Series: Spillover Notes

Author(s): Francisco Arizala , Matthieu Bellon , Margaux MacDonald , Montfort Mlachila , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2018

ISBN: 9781484367148

Keywords: Uganda, Togo, Tanzania, Swaziland, South Sudan, Spillovers, Sub-Saharan Africa, Sierra Leone, Congo, Republic of, Congo, Democratic Republic of the

After close to two decades of strong economic activity, overall growth in sub-Saharan Africa decelerated markedly in 2015-16 as the largest economies experienced negative or flat growth. Regional growth started rec...

Lessons for Effective  Fiscal Decentralization in  Sub-Saharan Africa

Lessons for Effective Fiscal Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2018/10

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Vina Nguyen , Salvatore Dell'Erba , and Edgardo Ruggiero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484358269.087

ISBN: 9781484358269

Keywords: Kenya, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius

Fiscal decentralization is becoming a pressing issue in a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa, reflecting demands for a greater local voice in spending decisions and efforts to strengthen social cohesion. Aga...

Public Investment Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Public Investment Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2018/9

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Karim Barhoumi , Ha Vu , Shirin Nikaein Towfighian , and Rodolfo Maino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484360019.087

ISBN: 9781484360019

Keywords: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti

There is significant room to improve public investment efficiency in sub-Saharan Africa. Investment in sub-Saharan African countries is lagging vis-à-vis peers such as emerging and developing Asia as well as Latin...

Lessons for Effective  Fiscal Decentralization in  Sub-Saharan Africa

Lessons for Effective Fiscal Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Lessons for Effective Fiscal Decentralization in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2018/10

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Niko Hobdari , Vina Nguyen , Salvatore Dell'Erba , and Edgardo Ruggiero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484358269

Keywords: Kenya, Ghana, Guinea, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mauritius

Fiscal decentralization is becoming a pressing issue in a number of countries in sub-Saharan Africa, reflecting demands for a greater local voice in spending decisions and efforts to strengthen social cohesion. Aga...

Public Investment Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Public Investment Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Public Investment Efficiency in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2018/9

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Karim Barhoumi , Ha Vu , Shirin Nikaein Towfighian , and Rodolfo Maino

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 2018

ISBN: 9781484360019

Keywords: Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros, Djibouti

There is significant room to improve public investment efficiency in sub-Saharan Africa. Investment in sub-Saharan African countries is lagging vis-à-vis peers such as emerging and developing Asia as well as Latin...

Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2017/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen , Taz Chaponda , Lesley Fisher , and Rohini Ray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314203.001

ISBN: 9781484314203

Keywords: Zambia, Congo, Republic of, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Togo, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland, Sub-Saharan Africa

More than 15 years ago, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa embarked on a program of budgetary reform, an important element of which was a medium-term budget framework (MTBF). This working paper focuses on the per...

Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Medium-Term Budget Frameworks in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2017/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen , Taz Chaponda , Lesley Fisher , and Rohini Ray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484314203

Keywords: Zambia, Congo, Republic of, Congo, Democratic Republic of the, Zimbabwe, Uganda, Togo, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland, Sub-Saharan Africa

More than 15 years ago, many countries in sub-Saharan Africa embarked on a program of budgetary reform, an important element of which was a medium-term budget framework (MTBF). This working paper focuses on the per...

Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa

Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2017/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Arizala , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Charalambos Tsangarides , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484314166

Keywords: Africa, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros

This paper examines the growth performance of sub-Saharan African countries since 1960 through the lens of growth turning points (accelerations and decelerations) and periods of sustained growth (growth spells). Gr...

Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa

Growth Breaks and Growth Spells in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2017/202

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francisco Arizala , Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Charalambos Tsangarides , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314166.001

ISBN: 9781484314166

Keywords: Africa, Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Comoros

This paper examines the growth performance of sub-Saharan African countries since 1960 through the lens of growth turning points (accelerations and decelerations) and periods of sustained growth (growth spells). Gr...

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Size and Determinants

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa : Size and Determinants »

Volume/Issue: 2017/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina , Andrew Jonelis , and Mehmet Cangul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305942.001

ISBN: 9781484305942

Keywords: Uganda, South Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo

The multiple indicator-multiple cause (MIMIC) method is a well-established tool for measuring informal economic activity. However, it has been criticized because GDP is used both as a cause and indicator variable....

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: The Informal Economy in Sub-Saharan Africa : Size and Determinants

Volume/Issue: 2017/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Leandro Medina , Andrew Jonelis , and Mehmet Cangul

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2017

ISBN: 9781484305942

Keywords: Uganda, South Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Togo

The multiple indicator-multiple cause (MIMIC) method is a well-established tool for measuring informal economic activity. However, it has been criticized because GDP is used both as a cause and indicator variable....

Chapter 4. Conclusion

Chapter 4. Conclusion »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

Structural transformation in output and employment in sub-Saharan Africa has become a major concern of development economists. This is because analysis of past trends suggests that while the output transform...

Chapter 1. Output, Demographic, and Employment Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia

Chapter 1. Output, Demographic, and Employment Transformation in Sub-Saharan Africa and Asia »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

Structural transformation has become a widely used macroeconomic measure of the quality of the economic development process. 1 It is widely accepted that in order for it to happen...

Chapter 3. Projecting Output, Employment, and Productivity Forward through 2020

Chapter 3. Projecting Output, Employment, and Productivity Forward through 2020 »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

This chapter uses the previously developed output and employment projections and analyzes what they mean for medium-term structural transformation in sub-Saharan Africa. The methodology for the projections i...

Chapter 2. Transformation and Productivity: Comparison with Asia

Chapter 2. Transformation and Productivity: Comparison with Asia »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

Productivity Transformation The employment and output data were combined to make assessments of the speed of structural adjustment in sub-Saharan Africa compared with Asian countries...

Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity
			: What Can Africa Hope For?

Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For? »

Volume: 17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583397.087

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

This paper provides the most complete analysis of the structural transformation among low- and low-middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa to date....

Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity: What Can Africa Hope For?

Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity: What Can Africa Hope For? »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Volume: 17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

This paper provides the most complete analysis of the structural transformation among low- and low-middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa to date....

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Structural Transformation in Employment and Productivity : What Can Africa Hope For?

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Louise Fox , Alun Thomas , and Cleary Haines

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475583397

Keywords: Employment, Productivity, Structural adjustment, Structural transformation, Sub Saharan Africa

This paper provides the most complete analysis of the structural transformation among low- and low-middle-income countries in sub-Saharan Africa to date....

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

This paper assesses the extent of economic and financial integration among the East African Community (EAC) along a number of dimensions and, where possible, whether integration has increased in the wake of the maj...

Chapter 1. Analysis of Merchandise Trade Integration in the EAC

Chapter 1. Analysis of Merchandise Trade Integration in the EAC »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

Evolution of Tariffs and Imports of EAC Countries since the Implementation of the CU The CU is the first integration milestone in the EAC. The EAC member states have...

Chapter 3. Financial Integration in the EAC

Chapter 3. Financial Integration in the EAC »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

The CM protocol requires EAC countries to eliminate restrictions on the free movement of capital. Article 24 of the protocol eliminates capital flow restrictions among the member states based on...

Chapter 2. Labor Migration and Remittances in the EAC

Chapter 2. Labor Migration and Remittances in the EAC »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

The CM is the second regional integration milestone of the EAC. The EAC partner states are expected to maintain a liberal stance toward the movement of goods, services, labor, and capital, and t...

A Work in Progress
			: Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community »

Volume: 17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475560350.087

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

This paper assesses the extent of economic and financial integration among the East African Community (EAC) along a number of dimensions and, where possible, whether integration has increased in the wake of the maj...

Overview

Overview »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

The East African Community (EAC) aims to deepen cooperation among its member states in the political, economic, and social domains. The EAC was formally established by Kenya, Tanzania, and Ugand...

A Work in Progress: Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

A Work in Progress: Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community »

Source: A Work in Progress : Integrating Markets for Goods, Labor, and Capital in the East African Community

Volume: 17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Wenjie Chen , Jemma Dridi , Herve Joly , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475560350

Keywords: financial integration, East African Community, goods, labor, capital

This paper assesses the extent of economic and financial integration among the East African Community (EAC) along a number of dimensions and, where possible, whether integration has increased in the wake of the maj...

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa : Causes and Policy Implications

Volume/Issue: 2016/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Niko Hobdari , and Ali Uppal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

ISBN: 9781475563115

Keywords: South Africa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland

This paper analyzes food inflation trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 2000 to 2016 using two novel datasets of disaggregated CPI baskets. Average food inflation is higher, more volatile, and similarly persiste...

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Causes and Policy Implications

Food Inflation in Sub-Saharan Africa : Causes and Policy Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2016/247

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emre Alper , Niko Hobdari , and Ali Uppal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475563115.001

ISBN: 9781475563115

Keywords: South Africa, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Rwanda, Senegal, Togo, Sub-Saharan Africa, Tanzania, Sudan, Swaziland

This paper analyzes food inflation trends in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) from 2000 to 2016 using two novel datasets of disaggregated CPI baskets. Average food inflation is higher, more volatile, and similarly persiste...

Sub-Saharan African Migration
			: Patterns and Spillovers

Sub-Saharan African Migration : Patterns and Spillovers »

Volume/Issue: 2016/09

Series: Spillover Notes

Author(s): Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Ermal Hitaj , Montfort Mlachila , Arina Viseth , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475546668.062

ISBN: 9781475546668

Keywords: Togo, Tanzania, Uganda, Swaziland, Spillovers, Sub-Saharan Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone

Amid rapid population growth, migration in sub-Saharan Africa has been increasing briskly over the last 20 years. Up to the 1990s, the stock of migrants-citizens of one country living in another country-was dominat...

Sub-Saharan African Migration

Sub-Saharan African Migration »

Source: Sub-Saharan African Migration : Patterns and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2016/09

Series: Spillover Notes

Author(s): Jesus Gonzalez-Garcia , Ermal Hitaj , Montfort Mlachila , Arina Viseth , and Mustafa Yenice

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 November 2016

ISBN: 9781475546668

Keywords: Togo, Tanzania, Uganda, Swaziland, Spillovers, Sub-Saharan Africa, Rwanda, Senegal, Seychelles, Sierra Leone

Amid rapid population growth, migration in sub-Saharan Africa has been increasing briskly over the last 20 years. Up to the 1990s, the stock of migrants-citizens of one country living in another country-was dominat...

3. Boosting Financial Sector Development

3. Boosting Financial Sector Development »

Source: Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475532401

Sound macroeconomic fundamentals have been driving financial development in sub-Saharan African countries, while weak institutional quality has been hindering it in many countries of the region....

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475532401.087

ISBN: 9781475532401

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa...

5. Ensuring Continued Financial Stability

5. Ensuring Continued Financial Stability »

Source: Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475532401

Key financial stability indicators—while stronger than in the past—have come under pressure more recently, possible presaging a slower pace of financial development in the future. Progress in su...

2. Financial Development, Growth, and Volatility

2. Financial Development, Growth, and Volatility »

Source: Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475532401

Empirical estimates suggest that financial development has supported growth and reduced its volatility in sub-Saharan Africa. It has facilitated other economic policies in enhancing growth and s...

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa: Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth »

Source: Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475532401

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475532401

Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa...

6. Policies for Supporting Financial Development and Stability

6. Policies for Supporting Financial Development and Stability »

Source: Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475532401

While financial development has contributed to economic growth and reduced its volatility in sub-Saharan Africa, the region is well below its possibility frontier. To reap the full benefits of f...

4. Promoting Financial Inclusion

4. Promoting Financial Inclusion »

Source: Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475532401

Access to traditional financial services in sub-Saharan Africa remains low relative to other regions, in particular for the poor, the uneducated, and women. Closing gaps in financial inclusion,...

1. Tracking Financial Development

1. Tracking Financial Development »

Source: Financial Development in Sub-Saharan Africa : Promoting Inclusive and Sustainable Growth

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Montfort Mlachila , Ahmat Jidoud , Monique Newiak , Bozena Radzewicz-Bak , and Misa Takebe

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475532401

In most sub-Saharan African countries, financial development has progressed over the past four decades. However, with the exception of the region’s middle-income countries, both financial market...

6. Conclusions

6. Conclusions »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

Sub-Saharan African countries have in general run procyclical fiscal policies since 2000. This is not surprising in light of the fact that the majority of them are low-income and/or resource-dependent econom...

5. Country Case Studies

5. Country Case Studies »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

This chapter examines the experience of three countries to establish and implement fiscal frameworks aimed at generating financial savings for rainy days: Nigeria, Botswana, and Chile....

Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

Excessively procyclical fiscal policy can be harmful. This paper investigates to what extent the fiscal policies of sub-Saharan African countries were procyclical in recent years and the reasons for the degree of f...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

Excessively procyclical fiscal policy can be harmful. This paper investigates to what extent the fiscal policies of sub-Saharan African countries were procyclical in recent years and the reasons for the degree of f...

Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513563541.087

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

Excessively procyclical fiscal policy can be harmful. This paper investigates to what extent the fiscal policies of sub-Saharan African countries were procyclical in recent years and the reasons for the degree of f...

2. How to Measure the Degree of Fiscal Procyclicality

2. How to Measure the Degree of Fiscal Procyclicality »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

The focus of this paper is to analyze the link between the fiscal policy stance and economic activity in sub-Saharan Africa between 2000 and 2014, a period marked by relatively high rates of growth, a substa...

1. Introduction

1. Introduction »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

The cyclical behavior of fiscal policy affects sub-Saharan African countries because many of them depend on commodity exports or have been gaining access to international capital markets in recent years, and...

Overview

Overview »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

Excessively procyclical fiscal policy can be harmful. This paper investigates to what extent the fiscal policies of sub-Saharan African countries were procyclical in recent years and the reasons for the degr...

3. To What Extent Has the Fiscal Policy Been Procyclical among Sub-Saharan African Countries?

3. To What Extent Has the Fiscal Policy Been Procyclical among Sub-Saharan African Countries? »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

The Business Cycle in Sub-Saharan Africa First, this chapter illustrates the stylized facts of the business cycle dynamics among sub-Saharan African countries in recent years. While...

4. What Explains the Degree of Fiscal Policy Procyclicality among Sub-Saharan African Countries?

4. What Explains the Degree of Fiscal Policy Procyclicality among Sub-Saharan African Countries? »

Source: Cyclical Behavior of Fiscal Policy among Sub-Saharan African Countries

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Tetsuya Konuki , and Mauricio Villafuerte

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 August 2016

ISBN: 9781513563541

Keywords: Fiscal analysis, Fiscal policy, Cyclical indicators, Sub-Saharan Africa, Oil exporting states, fiscal policy, sub-saharan Africa, oil exporters, financial markets,

This chapter examines factors that may influence the way fiscal policy has been conducted over the business cycle—that is, the degree of fiscal policy procyclicality—in each of the sample sub-Saharan African...

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts »

Source: Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts : Experience of Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2016/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Dippelsman , Venkat Josyula , and Eric Métreau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2016

ISBN: 9781475569339

Keywords: System of National Accounts, chain linking, volume measures, fixed base year

There are two approaches for producing volume estimates of GDP, fixed base year and annual chaining. While most advanced economies have adopted the chain-linked approach in the past twenty years, some African count...

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts
			: Experience of Sub-Saharan African Countries

Fixed Base Year vs. Chain Linking in National Accounts : Experience of Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2016/133

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Dippelsman , Venkat Josyula , and Eric Métreau

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475569339.001

ISBN: 9781475569339

Keywords: System of National Accounts, chain linking, volume measures, fixed base year

There are two approaches for producing volume estimates of GDP, fixed base year and annual chaining. While most advanced economies have adopted the chain-linked approach in the past twenty years, some African count...

Women's Opportunities and Challenges in Sub-Saharan African Job Markets

Women's Opportunities and Challenges in Sub-Saharan African Job Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2016/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christine Dieterich , Anni Huang , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388518.001

ISBN: 9781484388518

Keywords: Multi-sector Labor Market, Agriculture Feminization, Female Informal Employment, Household Enterprise Employment, SSA Labor Market

As labor market data is scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), this paper uses household survey data to analyze the determinants of the gender gap in the labor market and its welfare implications for five SSA countrie...

Women's Opportunities and Challenges in Sub-Saharan African Job Markets

Women's Opportunities and Challenges in Sub-Saharan African Job Markets »

Source: Women's Opportunities and Challenges in Sub-Saharan African Job Markets

Volume/Issue: 2016/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christine Dieterich , Anni Huang , and Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2016

ISBN: 9781484388518

Keywords: Multi-sector Labor Market, Agriculture Feminization, Female Informal Employment, Household Enterprise Employment, SSA Labor Market

As labor market data is scarce in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA), this paper uses household survey data to analyze the determinants of the gender gap in the labor market and its welfare implications for five SSA countrie...

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth
			: Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth : Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2016/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Mumtaz Hussain , Monique Newiak , Vimal Thakoor , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484382349.001

ISBN: 9781484382349

Keywords: Income inequality, gender inequality, economic growth, and sub-Saharan Africa

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality-income or gender related-can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gen...

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth

Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth »

Source: Inequality, Gender Gaps and Economic Growth : Comparative Evidence for Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2016/111

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura , Mumtaz Hussain , Monique Newiak , Vimal Thakoor , and Fan Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2016

ISBN: 9781484382349

Keywords: Income inequality, gender inequality, economic growth, and sub-Saharan Africa

A growing body of empirical evidence suggests that inequality-income or gender related-can impede economic growth. Using dynamic panel regressions and new time series data, this paper finds that both income and gen...

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries
			: Macroeconomic Dimensions

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions »

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513596013.001

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

2. Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa: Marking Time or Moving Ahead?

2. Competitiveness in Sub-Saharan Africa: Marking Time or Moving Ahead? »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

In recent years the sub-Saharan African region has experienced strong real GDP growth and substantial trade integration. However, growth in sub-Saharan Africa’s trade volumes has not kept up with growth in t...

1. Dealing with the Gathering Clouds

1. Dealing with the Gathering Clouds »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Economic activity in sub-Saharan Africa has weakened markedly. To be sure, growth—at 3¾ percent this year and 4¼ percent in 2016—still remains higher than in many other emerging and developing regions of the...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Dealing with the Gathering Clouds Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa has weakened markedly, and is now expected at 3¾ percent this year and 4¼ percent in 2016, from 5 perce...

3. Inequality and Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa

3. Inequality and Economic Outcomes in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Sub-Saharan Africa has among the highest levels of inequality—both income and gender—in the world, even after accounting for the lower levels of per capita income in the region. With growing international ev...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015
			: Sub-Saharan Africa

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513597331.086

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has weakened after more than a decade of solid growth, although this overall outlook masks considerable variation across the region. Some countries have been negatively affected by fall...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has weakened after more than a decade of solid growth, although this overall outlook masks considerable variation across the region. Some countries have been negatively affected by fall...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Growth in sub-Saharan Africa has weakened after more than a decade of solid growth, although this overall outlook masks considerable variation across the region. Some countries have been negatively affected by fall...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2015 : Sub-Saharan Africa

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513597331

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa; commodity exporters; oil-exporting countries; competitiveness; trade integration; income inequality; gender inequality

Unless otherwise noted, data and projections presented in this Regional Economic Outlook are IMF staff estimates as of 18 September, 2015, consistent with the projections underlying the October 2015 World Ec...

Poverty, Growth, and Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Did the Walk Match the Talk under the PRSP Approach?

Poverty, Growth, and Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa : Did the Walk Match the Talk under the PRSP Approach? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daouda Sembene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513520773.001

ISBN: 9781513520773

Keywords: Growth, Inequality, PRSP, poverty reduction, poor, poverty reduction strategies, General,

Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have shown strong signs of growth resilience in the aftermath of the recent global crisis. Yet, this paper finds evidence that growth has more...

Poverty, Growth, and Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa

Poverty, Growth, and Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Poverty, Growth, and Inequality in Sub-Saharan Africa : Did the Walk Match the Talk under the PRSP Approach?

Volume/Issue: 2015/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daouda Sembene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513520773

Keywords: Growth, Inequality, PRSP, poverty reduction, poor, poverty reduction strategies, General,

Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP) countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have shown strong signs of growth resilience in the aftermath of the recent global crisis. Yet, this paper finds evidence that growth has more...

The Quest for Non-Resource-Based FDI
			: Do Taxes Matter?

The Quest for Non-Resource-Based FDI : Do Taxes Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475514094.001

ISBN: 9781475514094

Keywords: Investment climate, Non-resource-based FDI, horizontal FDI, vertical FDI, firm-level data, fdi, foreign ownership, tax incentives, foreign capital, sub-Saharan Africa.,

Using manufacturing and services firm-level data for 30 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, this paper shows that taxation is not a significant driver for the location of foreign firms in SSA, while other investme...

The Quest for Non-Resource-Based FDI: Do Taxes Matter?

The Quest for Non-Resource-Based FDI: Do Taxes Matter? »

Source: The Quest for Non-Resource-Based FDI : Do Taxes Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2014/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tidiane Kinda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2014

ISBN: 9781475514094

Keywords: Investment climate, Non-resource-based FDI, horizontal FDI, vertical FDI, firm-level data, fdi, foreign ownership, tax incentives, foreign capital, sub-Saharan Africa.,

Using manufacturing and services firm-level data for 30 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries, this paper shows that taxation is not a significant driver for the location of foreign firms in SSA, while other investme...

The Quality of the Recent High-Growth Episode in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Quality of the Recent High-Growth Episode in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2013/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcelo Martinez , and Montfort Mlachila

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475551426.001

ISBN: 9781475551426

Keywords: Quality of growth, real gdp, school enrollment, gdp growth, life expectancy, General, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

The paper explores the quality of the recent high-growth episode in sub-Saharan Africa by examining the following two questions: (i) what has been the nature and pattern of SSA growth over the past 15 years and how...

The Quality of the Recent High-Growth Episode in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Quality of the Recent High-Growth Episode in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: The Quality of the Recent High-Growth Episode in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2013/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marcelo Martinez , and Montfort Mlachila

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2013

ISBN: 9781475551426

Keywords: Quality of growth, real gdp, school enrollment, gdp growth, life expectancy, General, Measurement and Analysis of Poverty,

The paper explores the quality of the recent high-growth episode in sub-Saharan Africa by examining the following two questions: (i) what has been the nature and pattern of SSA growth over the past 15 years and how...

Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment

Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment »

Source: Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment : Determinants and Inter-Relationships

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicola Spatafora , and Oana Luca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503494

Keywords: Financial Development, Investment, domestic credit, private capital inflows, cost of capital, private capital

We examine determinants of, and interactions between, capital inflows, financial development, and domestic investment in developing countries during 2001-07, a period of surging global liquidity and low interest ra...

Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment
			: Determinants and Inter-Relationships

Capital Inflows, Financial Development, and Domestic Investment : Determinants and Inter-Relationships »

Volume/Issue: 2012/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicola Spatafora , and Oana Luca

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503494.001

ISBN: 9781475503494

Keywords: Financial Development, Investment, domestic credit, private capital inflows, cost of capital, private capital

We examine determinants of, and interactions between, capital inflows, financial development, and domestic investment in developing countries during 2001-07, a period of surging global liquidity and low interest ra...

Mobilizing Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Empirical Norms and Key Determinants

Mobilizing Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa : Empirical Norms and Key Determinants »

Volume/Issue: 2012/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , Wendell Daal , Nandini Srivastava , and Luiz Oliveira

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503296.001

ISBN: 9781475503296

Keywords: econometric panel estimation, tax revenue, fiscal revenue, tax policy, taxation, tax effort, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Econometric Modeling: Other,

Mobilizing more revenue is a priority for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Countries have to finance their development agendas, and weak revenue mobilization is the root cause of fiscal imbalances in several co...

Mobilizing Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa

Mobilizing Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Mobilizing Revenue in Sub-Saharan Africa : Empirical Norms and Key Determinants

Volume/Issue: 2012/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paulo Drummond , Wendell Daal , Nandini Srivastava , and Luiz Oliveira

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503296

Keywords: econometric panel estimation, tax revenue, fiscal revenue, tax policy, taxation, tax effort, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Econometric Modeling: Other,

Mobilizing more revenue is a priority for sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. Countries have to finance their development agendas, and weak revenue mobilization is the root cause of fiscal imbalances in several co...

The End of An Era? the Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisison Growth in Low-Income Countries1

The End of An Era? the Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisison Growth in Low-Income Countries1 »

Source: The End of An Era? the Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisison Growth in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2010/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Andrew Berg , Catherine Pattillo , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

ISBN: 9781455205363

Keywords: Global financial crisis, low-income countries, medium- and long-term growth, impulse response functions, growth spells, panel growth regressions, terms of trade, pre-crisis, post-crisis growth, exchange rate regime

This paper investigates the medium- and long-term growth effects of the global financial crises on Low-Income Countries (LICs). Using several methodological approaches, including impulse response function analysis,...

The End of An Era? the Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisison Growth in Low-Income Countries

The End of An Era? the Medium- and Long-Term Effects of the Global Crisison Growth in Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2010/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , Andrew Berg , Catherine Pattillo , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455205363.001

ISBN: 9781455205363

Keywords: Global financial crisis, low-income countries, medium- and long-term growth, impulse response functions, growth spells, panel growth regressions, terms of trade, pre-crisis, post-crisis growth, exchange rate regime

This paper investigates the medium- and long-term growth effects of the global financial crises on Low-Income Countries (LICs). Using several methodological approaches, including impulse response function analysis,...

Institutional Factors and Financial Sector Development
			: Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

Institutional Factors and Financial Sector Development : Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2009/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hovhannes Toroyan , and George Anayiotos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874044.001

ISBN: 9781451874044

Keywords: Institutions, data envelopment analysis, financial sector, financial services, financial system,

The paper assesses the effects of certain institutional factors on financial sector development in Sub- Saharan Africa (SSA). Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is applied to determine the extent to which these instit...

Institutional Factors and Financial Sector Development

Institutional Factors and Financial Sector Development »

Source: Institutional Factors and Financial Sector Development : Evidence from Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2009/258

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Hovhannes Toroyan , and George Anayiotos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2009

ISBN: 9781451874044

Keywords: Institutions, data envelopment analysis, financial sector, financial services, financial system,

The paper assesses the effects of certain institutional factors on financial sector development in Sub- Saharan Africa (SSA). Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) is applied to determine the extent to which these instit...

Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs

Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs »

Source: Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs

Volume/Issue: 2009/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873641

Keywords: decision point, enhanced HIPC Initiative, IMF-supported program, debt ratio, debt service, debt ratios, concessional debt,

Exclusion restrictions used to identify demand and supply relationships for market financing among IDA recipients (past and present) show that poor credit ratings and high political instability adversely impact the...

Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa

Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume/Issue: 2009/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raju Singh , Kyung-woo Lee , and Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

ISBN: 9781451873634

Keywords: exchange rate, migration, determinants of remittances, real exchange rate

The paper investigates the determinants and the macroeconomic role of remittances in sub-Saharan Africa, assembling the most comprehensive dataset available so far on remittances in the region and incorporating dat...

Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs

Access to Market Financing for IDA-eligible Countries-the Role of External Debt and IMF-Supported Programs »

Volume/Issue: 2009/217

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alun Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873641.001

ISBN: 9781451873641

Keywords: decision point, enhanced HIPC Initiative, IMF-supported program, debt ratio, debt service, debt ratios, concessional debt,

Exclusion restrictions used to identify demand and supply relationships for market financing among IDA recipients (past and present) show that poor credit ratings and high political instability adversely impact the...

Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa

Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact of Remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Volume/Issue: 2009/216

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Raju Singh , Kyung-woo Lee , and Markus Haacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873634.001

ISBN: 9781451873634

Keywords: exchange rate, migration, determinants of remittances, real exchange rate

The paper investigates the determinants and the macroeconomic role of remittances in sub-Saharan Africa, assembling the most comprehensive dataset available so far on remittances in the region and incorporating dat...

What Determines Bond Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa?

What Determines Bond Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa? »

Volume/Issue: 2009/213

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olatundun Janet Adelegan , and Bozena Radzewicz-Bak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873603.001

ISBN: 9781451873603

Keywords: Bond market development, government bonds, corporate bonds, macroeconomic factors, bond, bond market, domestic debt, debt market,

This study empirically analyzes the determinants of bond market development in a cross section of 23 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries between 1990 and 2008. It considers the stage of development and the size of...

What Determines Bond Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa?

What Determines Bond Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa? »

Source: What Determines Bond Market Development in Sub-Saharan Africa?

Volume/Issue: 2009/213

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olatundun Janet Adelegan , and Bozena Radzewicz-Bak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

ISBN: 9781451873603

Keywords: Bond market development, government bonds, corporate bonds, macroeconomic factors, bond, bond market, domestic debt, debt market,

This study empirically analyzes the determinants of bond market development in a cross section of 23 sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries between 1990 and 2008. It considers the stage of development and the size of...

Border and Behind-the-Border Trade Barriers and Country Exports

Border and Behind-the-Border Trade Barriers and Country Exports »

Source: Border and Behind-the-Border Trade Barriers and Country Exports

Volume/Issue: 2007/292

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Azim Sadikov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868555

Keywords: Export Signatures, Differentiated Products, trade facilitation, exporter, aggregate exports, exporters, tariff rates, Trade: General, Trade: Other,

How do signatures required for exporting and business registration procedures affect the volume and composition of country's exports? To answer this question, I develop a model where a country can export two types...

Border and Behind-the-Border Trade Barriers and Country Exports

Border and Behind-the-Border Trade Barriers and Country Exports »

Volume/Issue: 2007/292

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Azim Sadikov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868555.001

ISBN: 9781451868555

Keywords: Export Signatures, Differentiated Products, trade facilitation, exporter, aggregate exports, exporters, tariff rates, Trade: General, Trade: Other,

How do signatures required for exporting and business registration procedures affect the volume and composition of country's exports? To answer this question, I develop a model where a country can export two types...

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451937107.041

ISBN: 9781451937107

Keywords: claims, financial derivatives, commercial banks, deposit rate, money market, financial corporations, foreign currency, money market rate, discount rate, financial assets

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Financial Deepening in Sub-Saharan Africa

Financial Deepening in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: Financial Deepening in Sub-Saharan Africa : Empirical Evidence on the Role of Creditor Rights Protection and Information Sharing

Volume/Issue: 2007/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Calvin McDonald , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

ISBN: 9781451867671

Keywords: Financial deepening, creditor rights, information sharing, financial liberalization, financial sector, financial markets, financial intermediation, Creditors Rights,

This paper investigates the role of creditor rights and information sharing in explaining why some financial markets in sub-Saharan Africa have remained shallow. The paper finds that while financial liberalization...

Financial Deepening in Sub-Saharan Africa
			: Empirical Evidence on the Role of Creditor Rights Protection and Information Sharing

Financial Deepening in Sub-Saharan Africa : Empirical Evidence on the Role of Creditor Rights Protection and Information Sharing »

Volume/Issue: 2007/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Calvin McDonald , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867671.001

ISBN: 9781451867671

Keywords: Financial deepening, creditor rights, information sharing, financial liberalization, financial sector, financial markets, financial intermediation, Creditors Rights,

This paper investigates the role of creditor rights and information sharing in explaining why some financial markets in sub-Saharan Africa have remained shallow. The paper finds that while financial liberalization...

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics, March 2007 Quarterly

IFS Supplement on Monetary and Financial Statistics, March 2007 Quarterly »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451937039.041

ISBN: 9781451937039

Keywords: claims, financial derivatives, commercial banks, deposit rate, money market, financial corporations, foreign currency, money market rate, discount rate, financial assets

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

In Search of Equilibrium
			: Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in Sub-Saharan African Countries

In Search of Equilibrium : Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in Sub-Saharan African Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2007/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joannes Mongardini , and Alexander Chudik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866544.001

ISBN: 9781451866544

Keywords: Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Panel Estimations, exchange rate, real exchange rate, statistic, cointegration, exchange rates,

This paper presents a methodology to estimate equilibrium real exchange rates (ERER) for Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries using both single-country and panel estimation techniques. The limited data set hinders s...

In Search of Equilibrium

In Search of Equilibrium »

Source: In Search of Equilibrium : Estimating Equilibrium Real Exchange Rates in Sub-Saharan African Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/90

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joannes Mongardini , and Alexander Chudik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866544

Keywords: Equilibrium Exchange Rates, Panel Estimations, exchange rate, real exchange rate, statistic, cointegration, exchange rates,

This paper presents a methodology to estimate equilibrium real exchange rates (ERER) for Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries using both single-country and panel estimation techniques. The limited data set hinders s...

International Financial Statistics + Supplement, September 2006

International Financial Statistics + Supplement, September 2006 »

Series: International Financial Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964417.041

ISBN: 9781451964417

Keywords: claims, financial derivatives, deposit rate, money market, financial corporations, money market rate, financial assets, discount rate, bond, bond yield

International Financial Statistics provides a complete library of continuously updated international statistics on all aspects of international and domestic finance. The monthly print edition contains over 1,000 pa...

Weathering the Storm So Far
			: The Impact of the 2003-05 Oil Shock on Low-Income Countries

Weathering the Storm So Far : The Impact of the 2003-05 Oil Shock on Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2006/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helaway Tadesse , Mark Lewis , Jörg Zeuner , James John , Luzmaria Monasi , and Paolo Dudine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864311.001

ISBN: 9781451864311

Keywords: adjustment, fiscal, quasi-fiscal, pass-through, low-income country, IMF financing, oil imports, oil importers, National Deficit Surplus, Energy and the Macroeconomy

This paper examines the impact of the 2003-05 oil price increase on the balance of payments positions and IMF financing needs of low-income country oil importers. It finds that stronger exports reflecting favorable...

Weathering the Storm So Far

Weathering the Storm So Far »

Source: Weathering the Storm So Far : The Impact of the 2003-05 Oil Shock on Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2006/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helaway Tadesse , Mark Lewis , Jörg Zeuner , James John , Luzmaria Monasi , and Paolo Dudine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2006

ISBN: 9781451864311

Keywords: adjustment, fiscal, quasi-fiscal, pass-through, low-income country, IMF financing, oil imports, oil importers, National Deficit Surplus, Energy and the Macroeconomy

This paper examines the impact of the 2003-05 oil price increase on the balance of payments positions and IMF financing needs of low-income country oil importers. It finds that stronger exports reflecting favorable...

Fiscal Sustainability

Fiscal Sustainability »

Source: Fiscal Sustainability : The Case of Eritrea

Volume/Issue: 2004/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayumu Yamauchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2004

ISBN: 9781451842449

Keywords: Endogenous response, Assets and liabilities, debt, external debt, interest, public debt, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

The paper examines fiscal sustainability issues for the case of Eritrea but has wider implications for addressing fiscal and debt sustainability. It begins with a formal definition and explanation of analytical sus...

Fiscal Sustainability
			: The Case of Eritrea

Fiscal Sustainability : The Case of Eritrea »

Volume/Issue: 2004/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ayumu Yamauchi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842449.001

ISBN: 9781451842449

Keywords: Endogenous response, Assets and liabilities, debt, external debt, interest, public debt, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economywide Country Studies: Africa,

The paper examines fiscal sustainability issues for the case of Eritrea but has wider implications for addressing fiscal and debt sustainability. It begins with a formal definition and explanation of analytical sus...