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IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2019 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2020/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526881

Keywords: External sector, Financial crises, National income, Financial markets, Financial soundness indicators, ISCR, CR, AML, CFT, wage growth

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Estonia discusses that the outlook is favorable for the near term, however, for slower economic activity for the medium term. Th economy has performed well in recent years, su...

Republic of Estonia
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Estonia »

Volume/Issue: 2020/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526881.002

ISBN: 9781513526881

Keywords: External sector, Financial crises, National income, Financial markets, Financial soundness indicators, ISCR, CR, AML, CFT, wage growth

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Estonia discusses that the outlook is favorable for the near term, however, for slower economic activity for the medium term. Th economy has performed well in recent years, su...

Republic of Estonia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2020/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526911.002

ISBN: 9781513526911

Keywords: Economic sectors, Human capital, Public sector, Money laundering, Poverty, Income distribution, ISCR, CR, CFT, AML

This Selected Issues paper on Republic of Estonia strengthens the analytical underpinnings of competitiveness assessments and exposure to shocks by incorporating global value chains. In particular, the paper uses t...

Republic of Estonia: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia: 2019 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2020/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526881

Keywords: External sector, Financial crises, National income, Financial markets, Financial soundness indicators, ISCR, CR, AML, CFT, wage growth

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Estonia discusses that the outlook is favorable for the near term, however, for slower economic activity for the medium term. Th economy has performed well in recent years, su...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526911

Keywords: Economic sectors, Human capital, Public sector, Money laundering, Poverty, Income distribution, ISCR, CR, CFT, AML

This Selected Issues paper on Republic of Estonia strengthens the analytical underpinnings of competitiveness assessments and exposure to shocks by incorporating global value chains. In particular, the paper uses t...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526911

Keywords: Economic sectors, Human capital, Public sector, Money laundering, Poverty, Income distribution, ISCR, CR, CFT, AML

This Selected Issues paper on Republic of Estonia strengthens the analytical underpinnings of competitiveness assessments and exposure to shocks by incorporating global value chains. In particular, the paper uses t...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/13

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526911

Keywords: Economic sectors, Human capital, Public sector, Money laundering, Poverty, Income distribution, ISCR, CR, CFT, AML

This Selected Issues paper on Republic of Estonia strengthens the analytical underpinnings of competitiveness assessments and exposure to shocks by incorporating global value chains. In particular, the paper uses t...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2019 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2020/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526881

Keywords: External sector, Financial crises, National income, Financial markets, Financial soundness indicators, ISCR, CR, AML, CFT, wage growth

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Estonia discusses that the outlook is favorable for the near term, however, for slower economic activity for the medium term. Th economy has performed well in recent years, su...

Statement by Thomas Ostros, Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia and Nils Vaikla, Advisor to Executive Director January 17, 2020

Statement by Thomas Ostros, Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia and Nils Vaikla, Advisor to Executive Director January 17, 2020 »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2020/12

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526881

Keywords: External sector, Financial crises, National income, Financial markets, Financial soundness indicators, ISCR, CR, AML, CFT, wage growth

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with Estonia discusses that the outlook is favorable for the near term, however, for slower economic activity for the medium term. Th economy has performed well in recent years, su...

Republic of Estonia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Republic of Estonia : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498318235.002

ISBN: 9781498318235

Keywords: Public sector investments, Fiscal sector, Fiscal policy, Treasury management, Economic growth, PPPs, investment project, funded project, SOEs, public investment

This Technical Assistance Report on the Republic of Estonia highlights that public investment is a priority spending area, and Estonia is seeking to strengthen the efficiency and effectiveness of its capital expend...

Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment

Volume/Issue: 2019/152

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 June 2019

ISBN: 9781498318235

Keywords: Public sector investments, Fiscal sector, Fiscal policy, Treasury management, Economic growth, PPPs, investment project, funded project, SOEs, public investment

This Technical Assistance Report on the Republic of Estonia highlights that public investment is a priority spending area, and Estonia is seeking to strengthen the efficiency and effectiveness of its capital expend...

Conceptual Issues in Calibrating the Basel III Countercyclical Capital Buffer

Conceptual Issues in Calibrating the Basel III Countercyclical Capital Buffer »

Source: Conceptual Issues in Calibrating the Basel III Countercyclical Capital Buffer

Volume/Issue: 2019/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torsten Wezel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498312097

Keywords: Credit booms, Developing countries, Bank credit, Credit, Bank capital, Macroprudential Policy, Procyclicality, Basel III, CCB, RWA

This paper discusses issues in calibrating the countercyclical capital buffer (CCB) based on a sample of EU countries. It argues that the main indicator for buffer decisions under the Basel III framework, the credi...

Conceptual Issues in Calibrating the Basel III Countercyclical Capital Buffer

Conceptual Issues in Calibrating the Basel III Countercyclical Capital Buffer »

Volume/Issue: 2019/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torsten Wezel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312097.001

ISBN: 9781498312097

Keywords: Credit booms, Developing countries, Bank credit, Credit, Bank capital, Macroprudential Policy, Procyclicality, Basel III, CCB, RWA

This paper discusses issues in calibrating the countercyclical capital buffer (CCB) based on a sample of EU countries. It argues that the main indicator for buffer decisions under the Basel III framework, the credi...

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment...

2. Macroprudential Policies and House Prices in Europe: An Overview of Recent Experiences

2. Macroprudential Policies and House Prices in Europe: An Overview of Recent Experiences »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

This chapter documents the increasing use of macroprudential policies (MaPPs) in Europe in recent years to build financial resilience, contain general and sectoral credit growth, an...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2018 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2018 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2018/125

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357293

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Public investment, Productivity, Labor supply, Financial sector, Income distribution, Gender, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of Estonia is gathering steam after several years of subdued growth. Real GDP grew by 4.9 percent in 2017, more than double the rate achieved a year ear...

Republic of Estonia
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Republic of Estonia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2018/125

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484357293.002

ISBN: 9781484357293

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Public investment, Productivity, Labor supply, Financial sector, Income distribution, Gender, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of Estonia is gathering steam after several years of subdued growth. Real GDP grew by 4.9 percent in 2017, more than double the rate achieved a year ear...

Republic of Estonia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2018/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484357354.002

ISBN: 9781484357354

Keywords: Wages, Inflation, Labor markets, Government expenditures, Public investment, Wage bill, Selected issues, Public investments, Economic indicators, Public sector wages

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the drivers of wage growth and inflation in Estonia. The analysis reveals that the role played by the inflation and inflation expectations in Estonia is different from those of t...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357354

Keywords: Wages, Inflation, Labor markets, Government expenditures, Public investment, Wage bill, Selected issues, Public investments, Economic indicators, Public sector wages

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the drivers of wage growth and inflation in Estonia. The analysis reveals that the role played by the inflation and inflation expectations in Estonia is different from those of t...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357354

Keywords: Wages, Inflation, Labor markets, Government expenditures, Public investment, Wage bill, Selected issues, Public investments, Economic indicators, Public sector wages

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the drivers of wage growth and inflation in Estonia. The analysis reveals that the role played by the inflation and inflation expectations in Estonia is different from those of t...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2018/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357354

Keywords: Wages, Inflation, Labor markets, Government expenditures, Public investment, Wage bill, Selected issues, Public investments, Economic indicators, Public sector wages

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the drivers of wage growth and inflation in Estonia. The analysis reveals that the role played by the inflation and inflation expectations in Estonia is different from those of t...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2018/125

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357293

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Public investment, Productivity, Labor supply, Financial sector, Income distribution, Gender, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of Estonia is gathering steam after several years of subdued growth. Real GDP grew by 4.9 percent in 2017, more than double the rate achieved a year ear...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Volume/Issue: 2018/125

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484357293

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Public investment, Productivity, Labor supply, Financial sector, Income distribution, Gender, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of Estonia is gathering steam after several years of subdued growth. Real GDP grew by 4.9 percent in 2017, more than double the rate achieved a year ear...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2016 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2016 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2017/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475565881

Keywords: Europe, Estonia

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's recent growth has been subdued. Labor productivity and external competitiveness have weakened. Growth in 2016 is estimated at only 1.3 percent, driven mai...

Republic of Estonia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475565881.002

ISBN: 9781475565881

Keywords: Europe, Estonia

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's recent growth has been subdued. Labor productivity and external competitiveness have weakened. Growth in 2016 is estimated at only 1.3 percent, driven mai...

Republic of Estonia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475565911.002

ISBN: 9781475565911

Keywords: Estonia, Europe

This Selected Issues paper examines the impact of fast unit labor cost (ULC) growth in Estonia. ULCs in Estonia have now reached a level at which further unmitigated wage growth risks material damage to competitive...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475565911

Keywords: Estonia, Europe

This Selected Issues paper examines the impact of fast unit labor cost (ULC) growth in Estonia. ULCs in Estonia have now reached a level at which further unmitigated wage growth risks material damage to competitive...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2017/10

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475565911

Keywords: Estonia, Europe

This Selected Issues paper examines the impact of fast unit labor cost (ULC) growth in Estonia. ULCs in Estonia have now reached a level at which further unmitigated wage growth risks material damage to competitive...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2017/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475565881

Keywords: Europe, Estonia

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's recent growth has been subdued. Labor productivity and external competitiveness have weakened. Growth in 2016 is estimated at only 1.3 percent, driven mai...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2017/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475565881

Keywords: Europe, Estonia

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's recent growth has been subdued. Labor productivity and external competitiveness have weakened. Growth in 2016 is estimated at only 1.3 percent, driven mai...

Statement by Thomas Ostros, Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia and Eve Anni, Alternate Executive Director January 9, 2017

Statement by Thomas Ostros, Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia and Eve Anni, Alternate Executive Director January 9, 2017 »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia

Volume/Issue: 2017/9

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2017

ISBN: 9781475565881

Keywords: Europe, Estonia

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's recent growth has been subdued. Labor productivity and external competitiveness have weakened. Growth in 2016 is estimated at only 1.3 percent, driven mai...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation with Republic of Estonia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2015 Article IV Consultation with Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Informational Annex

Volume/Issue: 2015/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513524788

Keywords: debt, investment, monetary fund, finances, market

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's economic growth has slowed following the rebound from the deep recession in 2009. Although Estonia's economic and institutional fundamentals are among the...

Republic of Estonia
			: 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Informational Annex »

Volume/Issue: 2015/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524788.002

ISBN: 9781513524788

Keywords: debt, investment, monetary fund, finances, market

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's economic growth has slowed following the rebound from the deep recession in 2009. Although Estonia's economic and institutional fundamentals are among the...

Republic of Estonia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2015/337

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498377553.002

ISBN: 9781498377553

Keywords: investment, capital, gdp, income, productivity

This Selected Issues paper analyzes income convergence and medium-term growth potential for Estonia. Estonia's potential growth is projected to average some 3 percent over the next five years and 2.75 percent over...

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues

Republic of Estonia: Selected Issues »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2015/337

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2015

ISBN: 9781498377553

Keywords: investment, capital, gdp, income, productivity

This Selected Issues paper analyzes income convergence and medium-term growth potential for Estonia. Estonia's potential growth is projected to average some 3 percent over the next five years and 2.75 percent over...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Informational Annex

Volume/Issue: 2015/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513524788

Keywords: debt, investment, monetary fund, finances, market

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's economic growth has slowed following the rebound from the deep recession in 2009. Although Estonia's economic and institutional fundamentals are among the...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Informational Annex

Volume/Issue: 2015/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513524788

Keywords: debt, investment, monetary fund, finances, market

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that Estonia's economic growth has slowed following the rebound from the deep recession in 2009. Although Estonia's economic and institutional fundamentals are among the...

Playing by the Rules
			: Reforming Fiscal Governance in Europe

Playing by the Rules : Reforming Fiscal Governance in Europe »

Volume/Issue: 2015/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , and Tao Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484300282.001

ISBN: 9781484300282

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Rules, EMU, fiscal, governance, public debt, states, enforcement, General, Intergovernmental Relations,

The paper contributes to the discussions on fiscal governance in Europe. It takes stock of recent reforms, identifies areas for further progress, and discusses a menu of policy options for the medium-term. The issu...

Playing by the Rules

Playing by the Rules »

Source: Playing by the Rules : Reforming Fiscal Governance in Europe

Volume/Issue: 2015/67

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , and Tao Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2015

ISBN: 9781484300282

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Fiscal Rules, EMU, fiscal, governance, public debt, states, enforcement, General, Intergovernmental Relations,

The paper contributes to the discussions on fiscal governance in Europe. It takes stock of recent reforms, identifies areas for further progress, and discusses a menu of policy options for the medium-term. The issu...

Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets1

Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets1 »

Source: Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets

Volume/Issue: 2015/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mike Seiferling , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

ISBN: 9781498353953

Keywords: stock-flow adjustments, holding gains on government financial assets, government portfolios of equities and investment fund shares, transparency, stock, equity, portfolios, General, Deficit, fiscal transparency,

Stock-flow adjustments are typically measured as the difference between changes in gross debt and deficits. These are interpreted as a proxy for unexplained fiscal discrepancies, and often associated with a lack of...

Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets

Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mike Seiferling , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498353953.001

ISBN: 9781498353953

Keywords: stock-flow adjustments, holding gains on government financial assets, government portfolios of equities and investment fund shares, transparency, stock, equity, portfolios, General, Deficit, fiscal transparency,

Stock-flow adjustments are typically measured as the difference between changes in gross debt and deficits. These are interpreted as a proxy for unexplained fiscal discrepancies, and often associated with a lack of...

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics »

Volume/Issue: 2014/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Greetje Everaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498317207.001

ISBN: 9781498317207

Keywords: Structural Unemployment, unemployment rate, nairu, beveridge, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search, Public Policy,

While the unemployment rate in the Baltics has fallen sharply from its crisis-peaks, it remains close to double digits. This paper estimates the structural component of the jobless rate in the three Baltic countrie...

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics1

Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics1 »

Source: Unemployment and Structural Unemployment in the Baltics

Volume/Issue: 2014/153

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Greetje Everaert

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498317207

Keywords: Structural Unemployment, unemployment rate, nairu, beveridge, Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search, Public Policy,

While the unemployment rate in the Baltics has fallen sharply from its crisis-peaks, it remains close to double digits. This paper estimates the structural component of the jobless rate in the three Baltic countrie...

Progress Towards External Adjustment in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics

Progress Towards External Adjustment in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics »

Volume/Issue: 2014/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Kang , and Jay Shambaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498364713.001

ISBN: 9781498364713

Keywords: Current account deficit, Internal devaluation, Competitiveness, current account, employment, unemployment, unemployment rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The euro area periphery countries and the Baltic countries, which had large current account deficits in the run-up to the crisis, needed adjustment of relative prices to achieve both internal and external balances....

Progress Towards External Adjustment in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics

Progress Towards External Adjustment in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics »

Source: Progress Towards External Adjustment in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics

Volume/Issue: 2014/131

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Kang , and Jay Shambaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498364713

Keywords: Current account deficit, Internal devaluation, Competitiveness, current account, employment, unemployment, unemployment rates, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

The euro area periphery countries and the Baltic countries, which had large current account deficits in the run-up to the crisis, needed adjustment of relative prices to achieve both internal and external balances....

Republic of Estonia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program-The Value-Added Tax Gap

Republic of Estonia : Technical Assistance Report-Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program-The Value-Added Tax Gap »

Volume/Issue: 2014/133

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498370110.002

ISBN: 9781498370110

Keywords: vat compliance, vat receipts, input tax credits, tax compliance

This Technical Assistance Report discusses results of applying the Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program Value-added Tax (VAT) gap estimation methodology to Estonia for 2007-2012. It highlights that between 2...

Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Technical Assistance Report-Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program-The Value-Added Tax Gap

Volume/Issue: 2014/133

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 May 2014

ISBN: 9781498370110

Keywords: vat compliance, vat receipts, input tax credits, tax compliance

This Technical Assistance Report discusses results of applying the Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program Value-added Tax (VAT) gap estimation methodology to Estonia for 2007-2012. It highlights that between 2...

Baltic Cluster Report: Selected Issues

Baltic Cluster Report: Selected Issues »

Source: Baltic Cluster Report : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484378267

Keywords: fdi, bilateral trade, trade links, economic convergence

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Baltic model, Baltic-Nordic links, and convergence. The Baltic countries form a distinct group within a tightly integrated Nordic-Baltic region. They are following similar...

Baltic Cluster Report: Selected Issues

Baltic Cluster Report: Selected Issues »

Source: Baltic Cluster Report : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484378267

Keywords: fdi, bilateral trade, trade links, economic convergence

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Baltic model, Baltic-Nordic links, and convergence. The Baltic countries form a distinct group within a tightly integrated Nordic-Baltic region. They are following similar...

Baltic Cluster Report: Selected Issues

Baltic Cluster Report: Selected Issues »

Source: Baltic Cluster Report : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484378267

Keywords: fdi, bilateral trade, trade links, economic convergence

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Baltic model, Baltic-Nordic links, and convergence. The Baltic countries form a distinct group within a tightly integrated Nordic-Baltic region. They are following similar...

Baltic Cluster Report: Selected Issues

Baltic Cluster Report: Selected Issues »

Source: Baltic Cluster Report : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484378267

Keywords: fdi, bilateral trade, trade links, economic convergence

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Baltic model, Baltic-Nordic links, and convergence. The Baltic countries form a distinct group within a tightly integrated Nordic-Baltic region. They are following similar...

Baltic Cluster Report: Staff Report for the 2014 Cluster Consultation

Baltic Cluster Report: Staff Report for the 2014 Cluster Consultation »

Source: Baltic Cluster Report : Staff Report for the 2014 Cluster Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484377741

Keywords: structural unemployment, employment, export performance, labor market

This 2014 Cluster Consultation report examines common themes and challenges facing the three Baltic countries-Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. It identifies common features and common challenges, and discusses polic...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2014 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484373118

Keywords: labor market, public debt, tax wedge

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia's recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, al...

IMF Executive Board Discusses Baltic Cluster Report on the Republics of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania

IMF Executive Board Discusses Baltic Cluster Report on the Republics of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania »

Source: Baltic Cluster Report : Staff Report for the 2014 Cluster Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484377741

Keywords: structural unemployment, employment, export performance, labor market

This 2014 Cluster Consultation report examines common themes and challenges facing the three Baltic countries-Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. It identifies common features and common challenges, and discusses polic...

Baltic Cluster Report
			: Selected Issues

Baltic Cluster Report : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378267.006

ISBN: 9781484378267

Keywords: fdi, bilateral trade, trade links, economic convergence

This Selected Issues paper focuses on the Baltic model, Baltic-Nordic links, and convergence. The Baltic countries form a distinct group within a tightly integrated Nordic-Baltic region. They are following similar...

Baltic Cluster Report
			: Staff Report for the 2014 Cluster Consultation

Baltic Cluster Report : Staff Report for the 2014 Cluster Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484377741.002

ISBN: 9781484377741

Keywords: structural unemployment, employment, export performance, labor market

This 2014 Cluster Consultation report examines common themes and challenges facing the three Baltic countries-Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. It identifies common features and common challenges, and discusses polic...

Republic of Estonia
			: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484373118.002

ISBN: 9781484373118

Keywords: labor market, public debt, tax wedge

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia's recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, al...

Republic of Estonia: 2014 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia: 2014 Article IV Consultation—Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484373118

Keywords: labor market, public debt, tax wedge

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia's recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, al...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484373118

Keywords: labor market, public debt, tax wedge

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia's recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, al...

Statement by Mr. Audun Groenn, Executive Director for the Baltic Countries, May 2, 2014

Statement by Mr. Audun Groenn, Executive Director for the Baltic Countries, May 2, 2014 »

Source: Baltic Cluster Report : Staff Report for the 2014 Cluster Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484377741

Keywords: structural unemployment, employment, export performance, labor market

This 2014 Cluster Consultation report examines common themes and challenges facing the three Baltic countries-Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. It identifies common features and common challenges, and discusses polic...

Statement by Mr. Audun Groenn, Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia and by Mr. Martin Lindpere, Advisor to the Executive Director, May 5, 2014

Statement by Mr. Audun Groenn, Executive Director for the Republic of Estonia and by Mr. Martin Lindpere, Advisor to the Executive Director, May 5, 2014 »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2014

ISBN: 9781484373118

Keywords: labor market, public debt, tax wedge

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that in 2013, Estonia's recovery from the crisis continued but at a slower pace. Real GDP growth was 0.8 percent, with private consumption providing the main support, al...

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics »

Source: The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics : Many Paths to the Same Endpoint

Volume/Issue: 2013/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Kang , and Jay Shambaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

ISBN: 9781475594270

Keywords: current account deficit, transfer, income balance, competitiveness, domestic boom, export performance, current account, merchandise export, reer, export market

Explanations of the large current account deficits for the euro area periphery and the Baltics in the run up to the crisis revolve around two main factors: deteriorating export performance or demand driven booms. W...

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics
			: Many Paths to the Same Endpoint

The Evolution of Current Account Deficits in the Euro Area Periphery and the Baltics : Many Paths to the Same Endpoint »

Volume/Issue: 2013/169

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joong Kang , and Jay Shambaugh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475594270.001

ISBN: 9781475594270

Keywords: current account deficit, transfer, income balance, competitiveness, domestic boom, export performance, current account, merchandise export, reer, export market

Explanations of the large current account deficits for the euro area periphery and the Baltics in the run up to the crisis revolve around two main factors: deteriorating export performance or demand driven booms. W...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2013 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484310380

Keywords: unemployment, employment, labor market, unemployment rate, long-term unemployment

Estonia has succeeded in reducing its macroeconomic imbalances and vulnerabilities, but faces the challenge of preserving its hard-earned fiscal and financial stability and enhancing long-term growth prospects. In...

Republic of Estonia
			: 2013 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Estonia : 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484310380.002

ISBN: 9781484310380

Keywords: unemployment, employment, labor market, unemployment rate, long-term unemployment

Estonia has succeeded in reducing its macroeconomic imbalances and vulnerabilities, but faces the challenge of preserving its hard-earned fiscal and financial stability and enhancing long-term growth prospects. In...

Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484310380

Keywords: unemployment, employment, labor market, unemployment rate, long-term unemployment

Estonia has succeeded in reducing its macroeconomic imbalances and vulnerabilities, but faces the challenge of preserving its hard-earned fiscal and financial stability and enhancing long-term growth prospects. In...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484310380

Keywords: unemployment, employment, labor market, unemployment rate, long-term unemployment

Estonia has succeeded in reducing its macroeconomic imbalances and vulnerabilities, but faces the challenge of preserving its hard-earned fiscal and financial stability and enhancing long-term growth prospects. In...

Statement by Mr. Audun Groenn, Executive Director on Republic of Estonia Mr. Martin Lindpere, Advisor to Executive Director

Statement by Mr. Audun Groenn, Executive Director on Republic of Estonia Mr. Martin Lindpere, Advisor to Executive Director »

Source: Republic of Estonia : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484310380

Keywords: unemployment, employment, labor market, unemployment rate, long-term unemployment

Estonia has succeeded in reducing its macroeconomic imbalances and vulnerabilities, but faces the challenge of preserving its hard-earned fiscal and financial stability and enhancing long-term growth prospects. In...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2012 Article IV Consultation and Second Post-Program Monitoring Discussions, and Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement with the Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Republic of Latvia
			: Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia »

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475526677.002

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Statement by Mr. Benny Andersen, Executive Director, and Mr. Gundars Davidsons, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director on the Republic of Latvia, January 23, 2013

Statement by Mr. Benny Andersen, Executive Director, and Mr. Gundars Davidsons, Senior Advisor to the Executive Director on the Republic of Latvia, January 23, 2013 »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Ex Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2008 Stand-By Arrangement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia

Volume/Issue: 2013/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475526677

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate peg, fixed exchange rate, fixed exchange rate regime, real exchange rate

The IMF has approved an exceptional access Stand-By Arrangement for Latvia. The program is part of a coordinated international effort that has improved financial and economic stability. By early 2008, the fast grow...

Reforming the Public Pension System in the Russian Federation

Reforming the Public Pension System in the Russian Federation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Frank Eich , Mauricio Soto , and Charleen Gust

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505511.001

ISBN: 9781475505511

Keywords: Russia, pension reform, pension, pension system, pension spending, retirement, Social Security and Public Pensions,

Pension reform is a key policy challenge in Russia. This paper examines how pension spending could increase in Russia in the absence of reforms, quantifies the impact of some recent proposals, and suggests some alt...

Reforming the Public Pension System in the Russian Federation

Reforming the Public Pension System in the Russian Federation »

Source: Reforming the Public Pension System in the Russian Federation

Volume/Issue: 2012/201

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Frank Eich , Mauricio Soto , and Charleen Gust

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505511

Keywords: Russia, pension reform, pension, pension system, pension spending, retirement, Social Security and Public Pensions,

Pension reform is a key policy challenge in Russia. This paper examines how pension spending could increase in Russia in the absence of reforms, quantifies the impact of some recent proposals, and suggests some alt...

IMF Executive Board Concludes First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Republic of Latvia

IMF Executive Board Concludes First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions with the Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Volume/Issue: 2012/171

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506488

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, current account deficit, debt sustainability

This collection of papers presents the First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions focusing on economic development in the Republic of Latvia. Latvia successfully completed its EU-IMF-supported program in December 20...

Republic of Latvia
			: First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Republic of Latvia : First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions »

Volume/Issue: 2012/171

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475506488.002

ISBN: 9781475506488

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, current account deficit, debt sustainability

This collection of papers presents the First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions focusing on economic development in the Republic of Latvia. Latvia successfully completed its EU-IMF-supported program in December 20...

Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Volume/Issue: 2012/171

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506488

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, current account deficit, debt sustainability

This collection of papers presents the First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions focusing on economic development in the Republic of Latvia. Latvia successfully completed its EU-IMF-supported program in December 20...

Statement by Mr. Benny Andersen, Executive Director for Latvia and Mr. Gundars Davidsons, Advisor to Executive Director July 11, 2012

Statement by Mr. Benny Andersen, Executive Director for Latvia and Mr. Gundars Davidsons, Advisor to Executive Director July 11, 2012 »

Source: Republic of Latvia : First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions

Volume/Issue: 2012/171

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2012

ISBN: 9781475506488

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, current account deficit, debt sustainability

This collection of papers presents the First Post-Program Monitoring Discussions focusing on economic development in the Republic of Latvia. Latvia successfully completed its EU-IMF-supported program in December 20...

Stock-Flow Adjustments and Fiscal Transparency
			: A Cross-Country Comparison

Stock-Flow Adjustments and Fiscal Transparency : A Cross-Country Comparison »

Volume/Issue: 2012/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933821.001

ISBN: 9781463933821

Keywords: debt, deficits, interest, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Over the past three decades, large and persistent discrepancies between the annual change in public debt and the budget deficit, so-called stock-flow adjustments, were a prominent feature of debt dynamics in many e...

Stock-Flow Adjustments and Fiscal Transparency

Stock-Flow Adjustments and Fiscal Transparency »

Source: Stock-Flow Adjustments and Fiscal Transparency : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2012/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463933821

Keywords: debt, deficits, interest, National Budget, Deficit, and Debt: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Over the past three decades, large and persistent discrepancies between the annual change in public debt and the budget deficit, so-called stock-flow adjustments, were a prominent feature of debt dynamics in many e...

IMF Executive Board Concludes Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Executive Board Concludes Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/333

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463925895

Keywords: unemployment, external debt, current account, employment, unemployment rate

The staff report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation concluded that a vibrant recovery marked Estonia's first year in the euro area, albeit amid nascent tensions. The economy's strong rebound has been grounded in...

Republic of Estonia; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Estonia; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/333

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463925895.002

ISBN: 9781463925895

Keywords: unemployment, external debt, current account, employment, unemployment rate

The staff report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation concluded that a vibrant recovery marked Estonia's first year in the euro area, albeit amid nascent tensions. The economy's strong rebound has been grounded in...

Russian Federation
			: Targeted Detailed Assessment of Observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

Russian Federation : Targeted Detailed Assessment of Observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2011/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463925925.002

ISBN: 9781463925925

Keywords: banking, risk management, internal control, internal audit, banking supervision, Russian Federation:,

This paper focuses on targeted detailed assessment of observance of the Basel Core Principles for effective banking supervision. The selection of the principles to be reassessed was made by the mission team based o...

Republic of Estonia; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Estonia; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Republic of Estonia; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/333

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463925895

Keywords: unemployment, external debt, current account, employment, unemployment rate

The staff report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation concluded that a vibrant recovery marked Estonia's first year in the euro area, albeit amid nascent tensions. The economy's strong rebound has been grounded in...

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report For the 2011 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Republic of Estonia: Staff Report For the 2011 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Estonia; Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/333

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463925895

Keywords: unemployment, external debt, current account, employment, unemployment rate

The staff report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation concluded that a vibrant recovery marked Estonia's first year in the euro area, albeit amid nascent tensions. The economy's strong rebound has been grounded in...

Russian Federation

Russian Federation »

Source: Russian Federation : Targeted Detailed Assessment of Observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

Volume/Issue: 2011/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 November 2011

ISBN: 9781463925925

Keywords: banking, risk management, internal control, internal audit, banking supervision, Russian Federation:,

This paper focuses on targeted detailed assessment of observance of the Basel Core Principles for effective banking supervision. The selection of the principles to be reassessed was made by the mission team based o...

Labor Market Regulations in Low-, Middle- and High-Income Countries
			: A New Panel Database

Labor Market Regulations in Low-, Middle- and High-Income Countries : A New Panel Database »

Volume/Issue: 2011/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Schindler , and Mariya Aleksynska

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455290673.001

ISBN: 9781455290673

Keywords: unemployment benefit systems, gross replacement rate, benefit coverage, advance notice, severance payment, employment, labor market, unemployment benefits, social security, employment legislation

This paper documents a new database of labor market regulations during 1980-2005 in 91 countries, including low-, middle- and high-income countries, and contains information on unemployment insurance systems, minim...

Labor Market Regulations in Low-, Middle- and High-Income Countries

Labor Market Regulations in Low-, Middle- and High-Income Countries »

Source: Labor Market Regulations in Low-, Middle- and High-Income Countries : A New Panel Database

Volume/Issue: 2011/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martin Schindler , and Mariya Aleksynska

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2011

ISBN: 9781455290673

Keywords: unemployment benefit systems, gross replacement rate, benefit coverage, advance notice, severance payment, employment, labor market, unemployment benefits, social security, employment legislation

This paper documents a new database of labor market regulations during 1980-2005 in 91 countries, including low-, middle- and high-income countries, and contains information on unemployment insurance systems, minim...

IMF Completes Fourth Review Under Stand-By Arrangement with Latvia and Approves €121.3 Million Disbursement

IMF Completes Fourth Review Under Stand-By Arrangement with Latvia and Approves €121.3 Million Disbursement »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2011/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455277568

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, fiscal balance, tax increases

Strong policy implementation under the Stand By-Arrangement (SBA) has contributed to Latvia's economic recovery and put attainment of Maastricht criteria for euro adoption within reach. The government has continue...

Republic of Latvia
			: Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion

Republic of Latvia : Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion »

Volume/Issue: 2011/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455277568.002

ISBN: 9781455277568

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, fiscal balance, tax increases

Strong policy implementation under the Stand By-Arrangement (SBA) has contributed to Latvia's economic recovery and put attainment of Maastricht criteria for euro adoption within reach. The government has continue...

Republic of Latvia

Republic of Latvia »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2011/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455277568

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, fiscal balance, tax increases

Strong policy implementation under the Stand By-Arrangement (SBA) has contributed to Latvia's economic recovery and put attainment of Maastricht criteria for euro adoption within reach. The government has continue...

Republic of Latvia: Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion—Informational Annex

Republic of Latvia: Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion—Informational Annex »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2011/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455277568

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, fiscal balance, tax increases

Strong policy implementation under the Stand By-Arrangement (SBA) has contributed to Latvia's economic recovery and put attainment of Maastricht criteria for euro adoption within reach. The government has continue...

Republic of Latvia: Letter of Intent

Republic of Latvia: Letter of Intent »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2011/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455277568

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, fiscal balance, tax increases

Strong policy implementation under the Stand By-Arrangement (SBA) has contributed to Latvia's economic recovery and put attainment of Maastricht criteria for euro adoption within reach. The government has continue...

Statement by Benny Andersen, Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia and Gundars Davidsons, Advisor to the Executive Director

Statement by Benny Andersen, Executive Director for the Republic of Latvia and Gundars Davidsons, Advisor to the Executive Director »

Source: Republic of Latvia : Fourth Review Under the Stand-By Arrangement and Financing Assurances Review, Request for Rephasing of Purchases Under the Arrangement and Request for Waiver of Nonobservance of a Performance Criterion

Volume/Issue: 2011/126

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2011

ISBN: 9781455277568

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, fiscal balance, tax increases

Strong policy implementation under the Stand By-Arrangement (SBA) has contributed to Latvia's economic recovery and put attainment of Maastricht criteria for euro adoption within reach. The government has continue...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2010 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2010 Article IV Consultation with the Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2010 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/34

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216611

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, external debt, deficit

Despite enduring one of the sharpest contractions in the EU, Estonia has been successful in its all-out efforts to join the euro area. Core prices have also begun increasing but at a moderate rate. Recent wage incr...

Republic of Estonia
			: Staff Report for the 2010 Article IV Consultation

Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2010 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/34

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455216611.002

ISBN: 9781455216611

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, external debt, deficit

Despite enduring one of the sharpest contractions in the EU, Estonia has been successful in its all-out efforts to join the euro area. Core prices have also begun increasing but at a moderate rate. Recent wage incr...

Republic of Estonia

Republic of Estonia »

Source: Republic of Estonia : Staff Report for the 2010 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2011/34

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455216611

Keywords: debt, interest, budget, external debt, deficit

Despite enduring one of the sharpest contractions in the EU, Estonia has been successful in its all-out efforts to join the euro area. Core prices have also begun increasing but at a moderate rate. Recent wage incr...