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The Economic Impact of Healthcare Quality

The Economic Impact of Healthcare Quality »

Volume/Issue: 2019/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anne-Line Koch Helsø , Nicola Pierri , and Adelina Yanyue Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 August 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498324595.001

ISBN: 9781498324595

Keywords: Labor market characteristics, Labor markets, Labor force participation, Labor costs, Labor supply, Hospital quality, healthcare quality, health shocks, hospital productivity, AEL

We study the costs of hospitalizations on patients' earnings and labor supply, using the universe of hospital admissions in Denmark and full-population tax data. We evaluate the quality of treatment based on its ab...

Denmark
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Denmark

Denmark : 2019 Article IV Consultation - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Denmark »

Volume/Issue: 2019/178

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321129.002

ISBN: 9781498321129

Keywords: Expenditures, Supply and demand, Gross domestic product, Employment, Balance of payments, percent of GDP, percent, labor market, medium term, AML

The solid performance of the economy continues to be supported by domestic demand and labor market pressures are gradually building. The current account surplus is declining amid higher investment. The outlook is f...

Denmark
			: Selected Issues

Denmark : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2019/179

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321136.002

ISBN: 9781498321136

Keywords: Money laundering, Fit and proper requirements, Anti-money laundering, International banking supervision, Combating the financing of terrorism, AML, CFT, higher-risk, foreign counterpart, FATF

Selected Issues...

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe
			: Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375402.086

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment and wages, remains the main engin...

Investment Slowdown in Denmark: Diagnosis and Policy Options

Investment Slowdown in Denmark: Diagnosis and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2018/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tigran Poghosyan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484367537.001

ISBN: 9781484367537

Keywords: Denmark, Europe, Investment, accelerator model, leverage, structural reforms, Institutions and Growth

Total investment in Denmark has experienced a sharp slowdown following the global financial crisis. This slowdown has coincided with a decline in labor productivity and expansion of the current account surplus. Thi...

Denmark
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Denmark : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2018/177

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484362433.002

ISBN: 9781484362433

Keywords: Denmark, Europe

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights continued solid growth in the Danish economy. The output gap has seemingly closed for the first time since the global financial crisis. Unemployment is low and close to...

Denmark
			: Selected Issues

Denmark : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2018/178

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484362556.002

ISBN: 9781484362556

Keywords: Europe, Denmark

This Selected Issues paper analyzes investment slowdown in Denmark. The post-global-financial-crisis (GFC) weakness in Denmark's aggregate investment cannot be fully explained by the output slowdown. The baseline a...

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area

Revisiting the Economic Case for Fiscal Union in the Euro Area »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Helge Berger , Giovanni Dell'Ariccia , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484340424.087

ISBN: 9781484340424

Keywords: Sweden, Switzerland, United Kingdom, Monetary unions, Spain, Italy, Fiscal policy, France, Germany, Greece

The paper makes an analytical contribution to the revived discussion about the euro area's institutional setup. After significant progress during the euro crisis, the drive to complete Europe's Economic and Monetar...

Denmark
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Denmark

Denmark : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Denmark »

Volume/Issue: 2017/158

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484304594.002

ISBN: 9781484304594

Keywords: Denmark, Europe

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights the recovery of the Danish economy, which is approaching potential, despite growth in recent years that has been markedly slower than before the crisis. Unemployment is...

Denmark
			: Selected Issues

Denmark : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/159

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484304617.002

ISBN: 9781484304617

Keywords: Europe, Denmark

This Selected Issues paper analyzes household balance sheet structure in Denmark and sensitivity to rising rates. Households in Denmark have gotten considerably wealthier in recent decades. High household assets, i...

Negative Interest Rates
			: How Big a Challenge for Large Danish and Swedish Banks?

Negative Interest Rates : How Big a Challenge for Large Danish and Swedish Banks? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/198

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475544688.001

ISBN: 9781475544688

Keywords: Negative interest rates; Bank Profitability; Denmark; Sweden.

Negative policy interest rates have prevailed for some years in Denmark and are a more recent development in Sweden. Among other potential side effects, negative rates could weaken banks' profitability by reducing...

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method

Can Reform Waves Turn the Tide? Some Case Studies Using the Synthetic Control Method »

Volume/Issue: 2016/171

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bibek Adhikari , Romain Duval , Bingjie Hu , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524277.001

ISBN: 9781475524277

Keywords: structural reforms, synthetic control method,liberalization, labor and productivity market reforms, growth.

A number of advanced economies carried out a sequence of extensive reforms of their labor and product markets in the 1990s and early 2000s. Using the Synthetic Control Method (SCM), this paper implements six case s...

Denmark
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Denmark

Denmark : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Denmark »

Volume/Issue: 2016/184

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475533460.002

ISBN: 9781475533460

This paper discusses the economic performance of Denmark. Although Denmark has a longstanding track record of sound economic and social policies, economic performance has been relatively weak for an extended period...

Denmark
			: Selected Issues

Denmark : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/185

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498319805.002

ISBN: 9781498319805

This paper examines the selected issues related to the economy of Denmark: divergence in house prices, house prices in Denmark's cities, macroprudential policies, and product market reform and firm productivity. Re...

Denmark
			: Technical Assistance Report-Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program-The Value-Added Tax Gap

Denmark : Technical Assistance Report-Revenue Administration Gap Analysis Program-The Value-Added Tax Gap »

Volume/Issue: 2016/59

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498369633.002

ISBN: 9781498369633

Keywords: tax, taxes, added tax, tax administration, taxpayers

This report presents estimates of the tax gap for Denmark for the period 2008-12. There are two main components to the RA-GAP methodology for estimating the VAT gap: 1) estimate the potential VAT collections for a...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Nordic Labor Market and Migration

The Nordic Labor Market and Migration »

Volume/Issue: 2015/254

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giang Ho , and Kazuko Shirono

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513528366.001

ISBN: 9781513528366

Keywords: Nordic countries, migration, labor market, unemployment, Nordic model, labor, labor supply, drivers, Institutions and the Macroeconomy, Labor Force and Employment

The large influx of migrants to Nordic countries in recent years is challenging the adoptability of Nordic labor market institutions while also adding to potential growth. This paper examines the trends, economic d...

Recognizing the Bias
			: Financial Cycles and Fiscal Policy

Recognizing the Bias : Financial Cycles and Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2015/246

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Budina , Borja Gracia , Xingwei Hu , and Sergejs Saksonovs

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513508863.001

ISBN: 9781513508863

Keywords: housing cycles, private debt, debt bias, debt, price, output, prices, International Lending and Debt Problems, All Countries, debt bias.,

This paper argues that asset price cycles have significant effects on fiscal outcomes. In particular, there is evidence of debt bias-the tendency of debt to increase over the cycle- that is significantly larger for...

Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound

Breaking Through the Zero Lower Bound »

Volume/Issue: 2015/224

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ruchir Agarwal , and Miles Kimball

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567327.001

ISBN: 9781513567327

Keywords: electronic money, currency, paper currency, interest rate, money, interest rates, General, All Countries,

There has been much discussion about eliminating the 'zero lower bound' by eliminating paper currency. But such a radical and difficult approach as eliminating paper currency is not necessary. Much as during the Gr...

Spillovers in the Nordic Countries

Spillovers in the Nordic Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Borislava Mircheva , and Dirk Muir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475554106.001

ISBN: 9781475554106

Keywords: dynamic stochastic general equilibrium models, Nordic countries, gdp, demand, consumption, real gdp, investment, Forecasting and Simulation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden form a tightly integrated region which has strong ties with the euro area as well as some exposure to Russia. Using the IMF's Global Integrated Monetary and Fiscal model (GIMF...

Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets

Fiscal Transparency and the Performance of Government Financial Assets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/9

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mike Seiferling , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498353953.001

ISBN: 9781498353953

Keywords: stock-flow adjustments, holding gains on government financial assets, government portfolios of equities and investment fund shares, transparency, stock, equity, portfolios, General, Deficit, fiscal transparency,

Stock-flow adjustments are typically measured as the difference between changes in gross debt and deficits. These are interpreted as a proxy for unexplained fiscal discrepancies, and often associated with a lack of...

IMF Multi-Country Report
			: Housing Recoveries:  Cluster Report on Denmark, Ireland, Kingdom of the Netherlands-the Netherlands, and Spain

IMF Multi-Country Report : Housing Recoveries: Cluster Report on Denmark, Ireland, Kingdom of the Netherlands-the Netherlands, and Spain »

Volume/Issue: 2015/1

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498351515.002

ISBN: 9781498351515

Keywords: boom-bust cycle, monetary fund, debt accumulation, share

This report examines the experiences of four European countries that have had large house-price declines in recent years. In particular, it examines the experiences of Denmark, Ireland, the Netherlands, and Spain...

Denmark
			: Crisis Management, Bank Resolution, and Financial Sector Safety Nets:  Technical Note

Denmark : Crisis Management, Bank Resolution, and Financial Sector Safety Nets: Technical Note »

Volume/Issue: 2014/351

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498396646.002

ISBN: 9781498396646

Keywords: bank, banks, banking, capital, safety nets

This paper discusses findings and recommendations made in the Financial Sector Assessment Program Update for Denmark in the areas of crisis management, bank resolution, and financial-sector safety nets. The Danish...

Denmark
			: Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

Denmark : Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2014/352

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498308717.002

ISBN: 9781498308717

Keywords: risk, banks, banking, capital, bank

This paper discusses key findings of the Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (BCPs) on Denmark. Denmark has a high level of compliance with the BCPs. The...

Denmark
			: Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Insurance Core Principles

Denmark : Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Insurance Core Principles »

Volume/Issue: 2014/350

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498356466.002

ISBN: 9781498356466

Keywords: insurance, solvency, market, monetary fund, pension

This paper discusses findings of the Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Insurance Core Principles on Denmark. Insurance regulation in Denmark has a good level of compliance with the Insurance Core Principles....

Denmark
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program, Macroprudential Policies:  Technical Note

Denmark : Financial Sector Assessment Program, Macroprudential Policies: Technical Note »

Volume/Issue: 2014/347

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484306536.002

ISBN: 9781484306536

Keywords: risk, bank, systemic risk, credit, banks

This technical note discusses significance of macroprudential policies for Denmark. Macroprudential policy seeks to contain the buildup of macrofinancial imbalances associated with credit booms and asset price bubb...

Denmark
			: Stress Testing the Banking, Insurance, and Pension Sectors:  Technical Note

Denmark : Stress Testing the Banking, Insurance, and Pension Sectors: Technical Note »

Volume/Issue: 2014/348

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498338066.002

ISBN: 9781498338066

Keywords: solvency, monetary fund

...

Denmark
			: Systemic Issues in Mortgage Loans and Covered Bond Finance:  Technical Note

Denmark : Systemic Issues in Mortgage Loans and Covered Bond Finance: Technical Note »

Volume/Issue: 2014/349

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498327572.002

ISBN: 9781498327572

Keywords: mortgage, mortgage loans, bond

This technical note analyzes systemic issues in mortgage loans and covered bond finance in Denmark. Mortgage lending has seen significant product innovation in recent years. Loans with adjustable interest rates and...

Denmark
			: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Denmark : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/331

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312612.002

ISBN: 9781484312612

Keywords: market, exchange rate, exchange, labor market, investment

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Danish economy is recovering slowly and unevenly. The economy contracted slightly in 2013, but it looks likely to accelerate modestly in 2014. Growth is held do...

Denmark
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Denmark : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2014/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498353120.002

ISBN: 9781498353120

Keywords: financial system, mortgage, monetary fund, liquidity

The paper discusses findings of the Financial System Stability Assessment for Denmark. The Danish authorities have taken important steps to improve financial system resilience. Financial regulation and supervision...

Denmark
			: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC)

Denmark : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes (ROSC) »

Volume/Issue: 2014/335

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498376266.002

ISBN: 9781498376266

Keywords: banks, risk, banking, capital, bank

This paper discusses findings of the Report on Observance of Standards and codes for Denmark. Denmark has a high level of compliance with the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision. The Danish Fina...

Denmark
			: Selected Issues

Denmark : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/332

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484374313.002

ISBN: 9781484374313

Keywords: pension, mortgage, loans, pension assets

This Selected Issues paper examines the household debt situation in Denmark and factors that have contributed to the high level of household debt in the country. Various factors seem to account for the size of hous...

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments »

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378861.001

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...

Addressing resource efficiency through the Ecodesign Directive
			: A review of opportunities and barriers

Addressing resource efficiency through the Ecodesign Directive : A review of opportunities and barriers »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anja Bundgaard , Carl Dalhammar , Erika Machacek , Kristina Overgaard Zacho , and Arne Remmen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327206

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, European Union, Resource Efficiency, Ecodesign Directive, Energy Efficiency, Product Durability, Legal Standards

The European Union has initiated a number of initiatives to improve resource efficiency in Europe. The Ecodesign Directive is one of the policy instruments that could aid the transition towards a more resource effi...

Articles treated with antibacterial agents
			: Outline of a strategy to reduce unjustified use

Articles treated with antibacterial agents : Outline of a strategy to reduce unjustified use »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Lolo Heijkenskjöld

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327244

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Antibacterial Garbage Bags, Antibiotics, Microorganisms, Antibacterial Agents, Nordic Workshop, Nordic Council of Ministers

Do we need antibacterial garbage bags? A wide range of antibacterial consumer articles can be found on the Internet. Mostly there is no information on the antibacterial agents used or on their efficacy. Does this r...

Best Environmental Practices in the Mining Sector in the Barents Region
			: International Conference 23-25 April 2013

Best Environmental Practices in the Mining Sector in the Barents Region : International Conference 23-25 April 2013 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289326681

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Natural Resources, Strategic Importance, Best Environmental Practices, Environmental Issues, Increase Awareness, Abstracts of the Presentations

The natural resources of the Barents Region are of strategic importance for Europe. One intensively developing sector is mining, which will bring new opportunities to the region, but which will also cause changes i...

Co-ordination of research on working hours and health in the Nordic countries
			: Working hours and Health

Co-ordination of research on working hours and health in the Nordic countries : Working hours and Health »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): J. Axelsson , B. Bjorvatn , A.H. Garde , Å.M. Hansen , M. Härmä , P.U. Hjarsbech , M. Ingre , M.Aa. Jensen , G. Kecklund , H.A. Kolstad , J.A.S. Lie , A. Lowden , D. Matre , S.V. Møller , K. Nabe-Nielsen , S. Pallesen , R. Rugulies , P. Tucker , and H.T. Vistisen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327763

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, National Research Centre, Working Hours, Working Environment, Denmark, Research Projects, Cohorts

This report presents a summary of a workshop entitled Co-ordination of research on working hours and health in the Nordic countries. The workshop was held at the National Research Centre for the Working Environment...

The coexistence of two Ecolabels
			:  - The Nordic Ecolabel and the EU Ecolabel in the Nordic Countries

The coexistence of two Ecolabels : - The Nordic Ecolabel and the EU Ecolabel in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ulrik Boe Kjeldsen , Anja Krag , Peter Lange , Kasper Lindgaard , and Maja Tofteng

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327657

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Ecolabels, EU Ecolabel, Regional Ecolabels, DAMVAD, Swan Group, HKP-gruppen

This analysis looks closer at the synergies and positioning between the fee structures and criteria of the two ecolabels, the dissemination and success of the two labels within different product groups and the expe...

Collection & recycling of plastic waste
			: Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems in the Nordic countries

Collection & recycling of plastic waste : Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Malin Zu Castell-Rüdenhausen , Anna Fråne , Stefán Gíslason , Søren Løkke , Kari-Anne Lyng , Åsa Stenmarck , and Margareta Wahlström

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289328043

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Plastic Waste, Nordic Countries, Plastic Packaging Waste, Green Growth Initiative, Green Growth the Nordic Way, MSW Sources

The first report from the project "Improvements in existing collection and recycling systems for plastic waste from households and other municipal waste sources" is focused on describing the existing situation when...

Contingency Planning for Animal Diseases
			: Baltic Seminar on "Contingency Planning for the next Decade" held 19 - 20 September 2012 Helsinki, Finland

Contingency Planning for Animal Diseases : Baltic Seminar on "Contingency Planning for the next Decade" held 19 - 20 September 2012 Helsinki, Finland »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jørgen M. Westergaard

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327114

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Infectious Animal Diseases, Livestock Production, Avian Influenza, Classical Swine Fever, Pre-epidemic Period, Disease Eradication

Outbreaks of infectious animal diseases within the last 10 - 15 years in areas with intensive livestock production have shown how vulnerable the production systems can be when confronted with an outbreak of a highl...

Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning
			: Legislation and Regulations in Nordic Countries to Control Emissions from Residential Wood Burning An examination of Past Experience

Controlling Emissions from Wood Burning : Legislation and Regulations in Nordic Countries to Control Emissions from Residential Wood Burning An examination of Past Experience »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Svante Bodin , and Thomas Levander

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327428

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, ICCI, Arctic Cooperation Program, Black Carbon, Emissions, Nordic Countries, Wood Burning

This report has been produced by the International Cryosphere Climate Initiative (ICCI) under a grant from the Nordic Council of Ministers under its Arctic Cooperation Program, as part of a pilot project to reduce...

Decision-making management procedures
			: Cost - efficiency - democracy in selected procedures in Maritime Spatial Planning

Decision-making management procedures : Cost - efficiency - democracy in selected procedures in Maritime Spatial Planning »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Odma Johannesen , and Hans Lassen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327800

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Marine Natura 2000, Fisheries Management, Single-stringed System, Environmental-fisheries, Study Report, Stakeholder Involvement

This study report analyses the strengths and weaknesses of the procedures which are followed when designating marine Natura 2000 sites and when deciding what fisheries management measures are to be applied. The rep...

Ecosystem Services in Forests
			: How to assess and value them? Nordic Workshop, Oslo, Thursday 13th September 2012 - Conference report

Ecosystem Services in Forests : How to assess and value them? Nordic Workshop, Oslo, Thursday 13th September 2012 - Conference report »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327855

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Ecosystem, Forests, Nordic Council of Ministers, Oslo, Valuation Challenges, Knowledge of Services

A Nordic Workshop on "Ecosystem Services in Forests - how to assess and value them" was held in Oslo Thursday the 13th of September 2012. During the day, 13 presentations were made, and altogether 41 participants h...

Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises

Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Sized Enterprises »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Marika Bröckl , Julia Illman , Laura Oja , and Iivo Vehviläinen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327176

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Energy Efficiency, Policy Instruments, EU's Directive, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises (SMEs), Energy Audits, Best Practices

Bröckl, Marika; Illman, Julia; Oja, Laura; Vehviläinen,...

Environmental economic research as a tool in the protection of the Baltic Sea
			:  - costs and benefits of reducing eutrophication

Environmental economic research as a tool in the protection of the Baltic Sea : - costs and benefits of reducing eutrophication »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Lassi Ahlvik , Heini Ahtiainen , Janne Artell , Kerstin Blyh , Siv Ericsdotter , Berit Hasler , and Kari Hyytiäinen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289326919

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Ecological Analyses, Economic Analyses, Research Network, Baltic STERN, HELCOM Baltic Sea Action Plan, Eutrophication

This report reviews the findings of an ecological/economic analyses regarding the on-going and prospective efforts to reduce eutrophication of the Baltic Sea, conducted by Baltic STERN, an international research ne...

EPR systems and new business models
			: Reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region

EPR systems and new business models : Reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Tomas Ekvall , Nikola Kiørboe , Thomas Lindhqvist , Kari-Ann Lyng , David Palm , and Haben Tekie

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327961

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Extended Producer Responsibility, Recycling of Textiles, Reuse of Textiles, Costs and Benefits of EPR-systems, Quantitative Evaluation, Green Growth Initiative

This report is the primary outcome from Part I of the project "An extended producer responsibility (EPR) system and new business models to increase reuse and recycling of textiles in the Nordic region" initiated by...

Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement

Equity and spectrum of mitigation commitments in the 2015 agreement »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Steffen Kallbekken , Håkon Sælen , and Arild Underdal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327503

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Academic Literature Review, Mutual Recognition Approach, Principle of Reciprocity, Non-coercive Template of Indicators, Equity Indicators, Mitigation Commitments

To what extent and how can equity be operationalized in a spectrum of mitigation commitments? We approach this question through academic literature review and analysis of Parties submissions and statements. We argu...

Fisheries Management and Global Warming
			: Effects of climate change on fisheries in the Arctic region of the Nordic countries

Fisheries Management and Global Warming : Effects of climate change on fisheries in the Arctic region of the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Arne Eide , Ann-Christin Ese , and Alf Håkon Hoel

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327299

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, FIMAGLOW, Global Warming, Arctic Fisheries, MaReMA Centre, Norwegian College, Fisheries Science

The FIMAGLOW project is a Nordic project with the aim to study possible drivers and impacts of global warming on Arctic fisheries. Two workshops has been held, serving to identify the relevant set of institutions a...

Global Sustainability & Human Prosperity
			:  - contribution to the Post-2015 agenda and the development of Sustainable Development Goals

Global Sustainability & Human Prosperity : - contribution to the Post-2015 agenda and the development of Sustainable Development Goals »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Marcus C Öhman , Sarah Cornell , Tim Daw , Thomas Elmqvist , Victor Galaz , Ellika Hermansson Török , Claudia Ituarte-Lima , Fredrik Moberg , Albert Norström , Åsa Persson , Garry Peterson , Johan Rockström , and Maria Schultz

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327701

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, SDG, Social Needs, Environmental Challenges, Stockholm Resilience Centre, MDG, International Agreements

The development of a Post-2015 agenda and Sustainable Development Goals, SDGs, provide a global window of opportunity to address both social needs and environmental challenges together. This discussion paper by the...

Nordic Climate Policy
			: A Case Study on Efficient Policy Measures

Nordic Climate Policy : A Case Study on Efficient Policy Measures »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327558

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, GHG Emissions, Terms of a Good Environment, Climate Policies, World Resources Institute, Story of Climate Policy, International Network

The Nordic countries are often seen as green both in terms of a good environment and being capable of reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This report is concerned with the development in GHG emissions over tim...

Nordic Exports of Goods and Exporting Enterprises

Nordic Exports of Goods and Exporting Enterprises »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327275

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Geographical Markets, Nordic Countries, Domestic Employment, Export Market, Statistical Institutes, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (SMEs)

This report analyses the exports of goods from the Nordic countries and the exporting enterprises in the period 2008 to 2012. The report addresses issues such as: What are the strongholds of the Nordic countries, b...

The Nordic Swan and companies
			:  - Is it worthwhile to acquire the Swan Label?

The Nordic Swan and companies : - Is it worthwhile to acquire the Swan Label? »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ulrik Boe Kjeldsen , Peter Lange , Kasper Lindgaard , Maja Tofteng , and Morten Wied

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327589

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Swan License, Swan Label, Swan Group, HKP Gruppen, DAMVAD, Åke Thidell

The purpose of the analysis is to study the implications it can have for a company to acquire the Swan License. The analysis takes a broad focus and investigates the follow-ing three themes: The motivation for comp...

Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives

Enhancing Ambition through International Cooperative Initiatives »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nicolette Bartlett , Nadine Braun , Thomas Day , Yvonne Deng , Sandrine Dixson-Declève , and Niklas Höhne

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327466

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs), Global Emissions, Warming Limit, National Emission Reduction, Greenhouse Gas Mitigation, Public Climate Finance

International Cooperative Initiatives (ICIs) could hold significant promise for closing the global emissions gap between a pathway to a 2°C warming limit and current national emission reduction pledges. This report...

Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows

Practical Methods for Assessing Private Climate Finance Flows »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nella Canales Trujillo , Mikko Halonen , Julia Illman , and Shelagh Whitley

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327022

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Climate Finance Commitment, Developing Countries, Climate Action, Three Nordic Case Studies, Mobilising Private Investment, Finance Landscape

In spite of the climate finance commitment by the developed countries to mobilise jointly 100 billion USD per year by 2020 to address the needs of developing countries from a wide variety of sources, there is no cl...

The land-use sector within the post-2020 climate regime

The land-use sector within the post-2020 climate regime »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Streck Charlotte , Eduard Merger , Charlie Parker , Timm Tennigkeit , and Andreas Wilkes

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327510

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Land-use Sector, Climate Regime, Coherent Vision, Climate Treaty, Integrated Accounting, Climate Focus

The land-use sector serves key environmental and social functions and supports the livelihoods of around a half of the world's population. Despite its importance, however, the climate regime fails to formulate a co...

The Nordic model - challenged but capable of reform

The Nordic model - challenged but capable of reform »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Karsten Albæk , Torben M. Andersen , Rita Asplund , Erling Barth , Bernt Bratsberg , Lars Calmfors , Antti Kauhanen , Jukka Lassila , Niku Määttänen , Mika Maliranta , Oddbjørn Raaum , Knut Røed , Kristine von Simson , Allan Sørensen , Tarmo Valkonen , Pekka Vanhala , and Vesa Vihriälä

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327787

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Welfare Model, Environmental Sustainability, Nordic Supermodel, Global Economic Crisis, Impacts of Global Competition, Population Ageing

The Nordic welfare model has received a lot of positive attention around the world. High standard of living, small income disparities and substantial social mobility looks like a very attractive package. Moreover,...

Northern Lights on TIMSS and PIRLS 2011
			: Differences and similarities in the Nordic countries

Northern Lights on TIMSS and PIRLS 2011 : Differences and similarities in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ragnar F. Ólafsson , Liv Sissel Grønmo , Jan-Eric Gustafsson , Júlíus K. Björnsson , Pekka Kupari , Jan Mejding , Kari Nissinen , Louise Rønberg , Monica Rosén , Sari Sulkunen , and Kajsa Yang Hansen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327725

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Classrooms, School Performance, Policy Variations, Learning Outcomes, TIMSS, PIRLS

How is reading literacy taught in Nordic classrooms, and how is this influenced by the curricula?How can we improve mathematics teaching in Nordic classrooms?What is the relationship between school performance and...

Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region
			: Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries

Part-Time Work in the Nordic Region : Part-time work, gender and economic distribution in the Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289326858

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Gender Equality, Professor of Labour Economics, Cooperation on Gender Equality, Develop Reports and Arrange Conferences, Aim of the Project, Work Affects the Economic Resources

Gender equality in the labour market is a key topic in the Nordic cooperation on gender equality. The Nordic Council of Ministers has asked NIKK, Nordic Information on Gender, to coordinate the project Part-Time Wo...

Plastic value chains
			: Case: WEEE (Waste Electric and electronic equipment) in the Nordic region

Plastic value chains : Case: WEEE (Waste Electric and electronic equipment) in the Nordic region »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): John Baxter , Malin Zu Castell-Rüdenhausen , Anna Fråne , Søren Løkke , Massimo Pizzol , Malin Stare , and Margareta Wahlstrom

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289328029

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Plastics Recycling, Nordic Electronic Waste, Near-source Treatment, Hazardous Materials, Electronics Producers, Green Growth Initiative

This project identifies thousands of tonnes per annum of potential enhanced plastics recycling from Nordic electronic waste. Plastics recycling does not always feature prominently in waste treatment. Recycling is t...

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries
			: A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries

Reducing Climate Impact from Fisheries : A Study of Fisheries Management and Fuel Tax Concessions in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Nguyen Ngoc Duy , Hans Ellefsen , Ola Flaaten , Jónas Hallgrimsson , Cecilia Hammarlund , Øystein Hermansen , John R. Isaksen , Marko Lindroos , Max Nielsen , Anton Paulrud , Fredrik Salenius , Daniel Schütt , and Staffan Waldo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327831

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Impact from Human Activities, Global Warming, Marine Ecosystems, Economic Performance, Imposing Management Instruments, Efficient Fleets

Few doubt the impact from human activities on global warming and the negative consequences of rising temperatures for both terrestrial and marine ecosystems. Efficient policy instruments are needed to change the de...

Road to regulation of endocrine disruptors and combination effects

Road to regulation of endocrine disruptors and combination effects »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Birgitte Lindeman , and Karina Petersen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327749

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Endocrine Disruptors, EU Regulations, Combination Effects, Scientific Issues, Regulatory Intervention, Oslo Workshop

Discussions regarding regulation of endocrine disruptors (EDs) and combination effects are ongoing in Europe. Among the central topics of discussion are establishment of criteria for identification of EDs, whether...

Towards a new Nordic textile commitment
			: Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling

Towards a new Nordic textile commitment : Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Maria Elander , Stefán Gíslason , Nikola Kiørboe , Kari-Anne Lyng , and David Palm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327985

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Textile Commitment, NAG, Voluntary Commitment, Textile Wastes, Waste Management, Green Growth

This report is the primary outcome from Part I of the project "Towards a new Nordic textile commitment - Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling" initiated by the Nordic Waste Group (NAG). The report for Part 2 wi...

Towards a Nordic textile strategy
			: Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling of textiles

Towards a Nordic textile strategy : Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling of textiles »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Helena Dahlbo , Maria Elander , Stefán Gíslason , Nikola Kiørboe , Kari-Anne Lyng , Katja Moliis , David Palm , Tomas Rydberg , Hanna Salmenperä , and Haben Tekie

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327947

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Textile Strategy, Textile Flows, Sorting Systems, Collection Flows, Contamination Levels, Cost

This report is the primary outcome from Part I of the project "Towards a Nordic textile strategy - Collection, sorting, reuse and recycling of textiles" initiated by the Nordic Waste Group (NAG). The report for Par...

Trafficking in Human Beings

Trafficking in Human Beings »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327671

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Reported Cases of Trafficking, Human Trafficking has Increased, Identification of Victims, Russian Cooperation Project, Knowledge About Human Trafficking, International Organized Crime

In the Nordic countries, most of the reported cases of trafficking in human beings today concern women and girls trafficked for sexual exploitation, but experiences from Europe indicate that human trafficking has i...

Two approaches to pricing pollution

Two approaches to pricing pollution »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elina Berghäll , Christina van Breugel , Mattias Enggaard , Jes Erik Jessen , Christopher Sköld , and Ulrika Stavlöt

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327220

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Cap and Trade Method, Pricing Pollution, Average Abatement Cost, Working Group on Environment and Economy (MEG), Working Group for SCP (HKP), Nordic Council of Ministers

In comparison is the commonly used Cap and Trade method with an alternative and novel method for pricing pollution: The aim was to conduct a practical approach to clarify advantages and challenges of the respective...

Wildlife and Infectious Animal Diseases
			: The Proceedings of a Nordic - Baltic seminar on the role of the wildlife as reservoir and /or spread of infectious animal diseases in the coastal areas of countries bordering the Baltic Sea 2 - 3 October 2013, Gdansk, Poland

Wildlife and Infectious Animal Diseases : The Proceedings of a Nordic - Baltic seminar on the role of the wildlife as reservoir and /or spread of infectious animal diseases in the coastal areas of countries bordering the Baltic Sea 2 - 3 October 2013, Gdansk, Poland »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Jørgen M. Westergaard

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2014

ISBN: 9789289327107

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic –; Baltic Seminar, Infectious Animal Diseases, Baltic Sea, Wildlife Populations, Social and Cultural Value, Disease Surveillance and Monitoring Programmes

The Nordic -Baltic seminar on the role of wildlife as reservoir and/or spread of infectious animal diseases in the coastal areas of countries bordering the Baltic Sea was held in Gdansk, Poland from 2-3 October 201...

Bank Funding Costs for International Banks

Bank Funding Costs for International Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2014/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rita Babihuga , and Marco Spaltro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517910.001

ISBN: 9781475517910

Keywords: bank funding, bank lending, deposit, wholesale funding, banking, banking system, bank capital, wholesale funding.,

This paper investigates the determinants of bank funding costs for a sample of internationally active banks from 2001-12. We find that changes in banks' unsecured funding costs are associated with bank-specific cha...

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure

Thin Capitalization Rules and Multinational Firm Capital Structure »

Volume/Issue: 2014/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jennifer Blouin , Harry Huizinga , Luc Laeven , and Gaetan Nicodeme

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484384442.001

ISBN: 9781484384442

Keywords: Thin capitalization rule, Multinational firm, Capital structure, Taxation, tax burdens, interest payments, tax countries, tax authorities, Business Taxes and Subsidies, Taxation.,

This paper examines the impact of thin capitalization rules that limit the tax deductibility of interest on the capital structure of the foreign affiliates of US multinationals. We construct a new data set on thin...

Spillovers to and from the Nordic Economies
			: A Macroeconometric Model Based Analysis

Spillovers to and from the Nordic Economies : A Macroeconometric Model Based Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2013/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francis Vitek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475514667.001

ISBN: 9781475514667

Keywords: Spillover analysis, Trade linkages, Financial linkages, External risks, Policy coordination, bond, domestic demand, world economy, stock market, financial market

This paper analyzes the transmission of shocks and policies among and across the Nordic economies and the rest of the world. This spillover analysis is based on a pair of estimated structural macroeconometric model...

Nordic Regional Report
			: Selected Issues

Nordic Regional Report : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2013/275

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484391556.002

ISBN: 9781484391556

Keywords: banking, banking system, deposit insurance, deposit insurance coverage, banking sector

This Selected Issues paper elaborates findings and discussions of 2013 Cluster Consultation Nordic Regional report. The countries have close economic and financial ties and face some common challenges and shared ri...

Nordic Regional Report
			: 2013 Cluster Consultation

Nordic Regional Report : 2013 Cluster Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 September 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589511.002

ISBN: 9781475589511

Keywords: banking, banking sector, banking system, banking union

This paper examines 2013 Cluster Consultation-a Nordic Regional IMF staff report. Denmark, Finland, Norway, and Sweden that form the Nordic region share a set of strong economic and social institutions and policies...

Age at retirement by educational background in Nordic countries

Age at retirement by educational background in Nordic countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326667

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Labour Force, Nordic Countries, Retirement Age, Absent Additional Pension Policy Changes, Educational Level, Field of Study

The labour force in Nordic countries will change over the next few years. Absent additional pension policy changes, a majority of working persons age 50 and older will retire by 2020. Average retirement age varies...

Agriculture and the environment in the Nordic countries
			: Policies for sustainability and green growth

Agriculture and the environment in the Nordic countries : Policies for sustainability and green growth »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Valborg Kvakkestad , Øystein Skutevik , and Anne Strøm Prestvik

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325950

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Agricultural Products, Natural Resources, Fragile Ecosystems, Sustainable Agricultural Practices, Green Growth, Water Pollution

In the future, demand for agricultural products will increase. The agricultural sector must meet the increase in demand without compromising the natural resources of which it depends on and damage fragile ecosystem...

Allergen labelling and use of advisory labelling "May contain traces of [allergen]"

Allergen labelling and use of advisory labelling "May contain traces of [allergen]" »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Siri B. Svinddal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324588

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Inspection Campaign, Labelling of Allergens, Advisory Labelling, Accurate Labelling of Allergens, Allergy Safety, Nordic Co-operation

In 2010-2012, Norway, Sweden, Denmark and Finland collaborated in a Nordic inspection campaign about labelling of allergens and use of advisory labelling ("May contain traces of [allergen]"). The background to the...

Balancing protection and prosecution in anti-trafficking policies
			: A comparative analysis of reflection periods and related temporary residence permits for victims of trafficking in the Nordic countries, Belgium and Italy

Balancing protection and prosecution in anti-trafficking policies : A comparative analysis of reflection periods and related temporary residence permits for victims of trafficking in the Nordic countries, Belgium and Italy »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anette Brunovskis

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324236

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Trafficking, European Countries, Reflection Period, Victim Protection, Traffickers, Nordic Countries

When victims of trafficking are identified in a country of destination, they are often in a situation marked by lack of clarity. In response to this, most European countries have a so-called reflection period for v...

Baltic Investment Programme
			:  - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries

Baltic Investment Programme : - Twenty Years of Joint Nordic Financial and Technical Assistance to the Three Baltic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ib Katznelson

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326414

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Baltic Investment Programme, European Union, Small and Medium Sized Enterprises, National Investment Banks, Commercial Financial Sector, Economic Growth

The Baltic Investment Programme was first launched for the period 1992-1995. It was then extended for another period, 1995-1998. In 1998 it was decided to let the programme come to a gradual end in 2003, the year b...

Children's Participation and Decision-Making in Medical Matters

Children's Participation and Decision-Making in Medical Matters »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Helena von Troil

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326261

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, International and National Agreements, Conventions Children, Medical Treatment, Conference Summary Highlights, Participation in Medical Research, Decision-making

According to international and national agreements and conventions children have a right to express their views in all matters affecting them. However it is one thing to state that children have a right to express...

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors
			: The Power and Steel Sectors

China's State-Owned Enterprises as Climate Policy Actors : The Power and Steel Sectors »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Henrik Bergsager , and Anna Korppoo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325356

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Greenhouse Gas, State Owned Enterprises (SOEs), Electricity and Steel Sectors, Guanxi and Nomenklatura, Emission Growth, Political Leadership

A significant share of the greenhouse gas emitting activities of China is operated by state owned enterprises (SOEs). This report, written by Fridtjof Nansen Institute for the Nordic Council of Ministers, discusses...

Control mechanisms for Nordic ship emissions

Control mechanisms for Nordic ship emissions »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Kjetil Martinsen , and Asbjørn Torvanger

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325165

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Shipping, Environmental Regulations, Pollution Burden, DNV, Control Mechanisms, Ship Emission

Shipping today operates under a complex set of international and domestic regulations. However, the environmental regulations have lagged behind those of other industries. This situation is now changing quite drama...

Creating an inclusive labour market
			: Inclusion of youths, people with disabilities and seniors (a summary)

Creating an inclusive labour market : Inclusion of youths, people with disabilities and seniors (a summary) »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ragna Flø , Bjørn Halvorsen , Ole-Johnny Hansen , and Jenny Tägtström

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325745

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Welfare, Economic Independence, Labour Market Inclusion Project, Project Stresses, Individually Adapted, Universal Solutions

High participation in the labour market is the cornerstone of Nordic welfare and high living standards. In all the Nordic countries, the goal is that as many as possible can participate in employment. Work provides...

Discovery and characterisation of dietary patterns in two Nordic countries
			: Using non-supervised and supervised multivariate statistical techniques to analyse dietary survey data

Discovery and characterisation of dietary patterns in two Nordic countries : Using non-supervised and supervised multivariate statistical techniques to analyse dietary survey data »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Anna Edberg , Sisse Fagt , Eva Freyhult , Lene Frost Andersen , Mats G. Gustafsson , Ulf Hammerling , Anna Karin Lindroos , Vibeke Kildegaard Knudsen , Salomon Sand , and Daniel Soeria-Atmadja

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325813

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Multivariate Data Analysis, Pattern Discovery, Predictive Modelling, Hierarchical Cluster Analysis, Factor Analysis, Dietary Prototypes

This Nordic study encompasses multivariate data analysis (MDA) of preschool Danish as well as pre- and elementary school Swedish consumers. Contrary to other counterparts the study incorporates two separate MDA var...

Economic Outlook in the Nordic Countries 2014
			: The Nordic Working Group of Economic Trends Review, autumn 2013

Economic Outlook in the Nordic Countries 2014 : The Nordic Working Group of Economic Trends Review, autumn 2013 »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326599

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Economic Outlook, Nordic Working Group, Economic Trends, Economic Situation, Nordic Countries

The Economic Outlook in the Nordic countries 2014 is the review from the Nordic Working Group of Economic Trends for the economic situation in the Nordic countries autumn 2013. The review contents as previous years...

Efficient strategy to support renewable energy
			: Integration in overall climate and energy security policies

Efficient strategy to support renewable energy : Integration in overall climate and energy security policies »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Elin Bergman , Martin Bo Hansen , Helge Sigurd Næss-Schmidt , and Patrik Söderholm

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325691

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Renewable Energy, Climate Change, Energy Security, Low Carbon Technologies, Nordic Council, Copenhagen Economics

This report reviews how the Nordic countries can develop a strategy for renewable energy that delivers efficiently on the two underlying policy objectives of climate change and energy security challenges. The overa...

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets

The financial crisis and fiscal consolidation in green budgets »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Annegrete Bruvoll , Silja Kralik , Friðrik Már Baldursson , and Haakon Vennemo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324793

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fiscal Consolidation, Environmental Tax, Subsidy Reforms, Economic Efficiency, Financial Crisis, Environmental Tax Policy

This project adds insight into the potential contribution to fiscal consolidation from environmental tax and subsidy reforms, i.e. strengthening public budgets while at the same time improving economic efficiency a...

A Framework for Multispecies Assessment and Management
			: An ICES/NCM Background Document

A Framework for Multispecies Assessment and Management : An ICES/NCM Background Document »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Bjarte Bogstad , Stuart Reeves , Anna Rindorf , Jörn Schmidt , and Yvonne Walther

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325844

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Fisheries Management, Management Advice, Goals for Management, Science and Policy Domains, Baltic Sea, North Sea

The report describes a framework that can be used to identify the most important trade-offs in ecosystem based fisheries management. The framework contains a description of how to identify the border between the sc...

Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries
			: Patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices

Labour migrants from Central and Eastern Europe in the Nordic countries : Patterns of migration, working conditions and recruitment practices »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Line Eldring , and Jon Horgen Friberg

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326247

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, New Comparative Knowledge, Labour Migrants, Recruitment Processes, Polish Labour Migrants, National Regulations, Nordic Labour Markets

This report presents the results from a project that has aimed to generate new comparative knowledge about labour migration from Central and Eastern Europe to the Nordic countries, the factors that shape wage and w...

A matter of health and job satisfaction
			: Seniors, work and retirement in the Nordic region

A matter of health and job satisfaction : Seniors, work and retirement in the Nordic region »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Bjørn Halvorsen , and Jenny Tägtström

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325677

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Countries, Work Participation, Welfare Perspective, Labour Market, Social Insurance Systems, Discrimination

In all the Nordic countries there is a declared policy of increasing work participation among seniors. The most important reason comes from a more long-term population, generation and welfare perspective: gradually...

Natural Capital in a Nordic context
			: Status and Challenges in the Decade of Biodiversity

Natural Capital in a Nordic context : Status and Challenges in the Decade of Biodiversity »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Sanna Ahvenharju , Marika Bröckl , Leonardo Mazza , Tiina Pursula , and Patrick ten Brink

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325349

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, International Approaches, Capital Accounting, Biodiversity, Ecosystems, Gaia Consulting, European Environmental Policy

The report reviews different international approaches for natural capital accounting. The five approaches reviewed are attempts to help create an improved evidence base on the links between biodiversity and ecosyst...

Nordic Economic Policy Review
			: Challenges in health care financing and provision

Nordic Economic Policy Review : Challenges in health care financing and provision »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Tor Iversen , and Sverre Kittelsen

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289324960

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Economic Policy, Nordic Council of Ministers, Primary Health Care, Chronic Conditions, Price Rationing, Nordic Hospitals

The Nordic Economic Policy Review is published by the Nordic Council of Ministers and addresses policy issues in a way that is useful for in-formed non-specialists as well as for professional economists. All articl...

Nordic Economic Policy Review
			: Globalization, labour market institutions and wage structure

Nordic Economic Policy Review : Globalization, labour market institutions and wage structure »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Erling Barth , and Kalle O. Moene

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289326612

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic Economic Policy, Nordic Council of Ministers, Policy Issues, Informed Non-specialists, Professional Economists, Review Articles

The Nordic Economic Policy Review is published by the Nordic Council of Ministers and addresses policy issues in a way that is useful for in-formed non-specialists as well as for professional economists. All articl...

Nordic eHealth Indicators
			: Organisation of research, first results and the plan for the future

Nordic eHealth Indicators : Organisation of research, first results and the plan for the future »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Gudrun Audur Hardardottir , Arild Faxvaag , Heidi Gilstad , Hannele Hyppönen , Lars Jerlvall , Maarit Kangas , Sabine Koch , Christian Nøhr , Thomas Pehrsson , Jarmo Reponen , Vivian Vimarlund , and Åke Walldius

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325264

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Nordic eHealth Research Network, eHealth Policy, Nordic eHealth Indicators, Nordic Countries, Evidence-based Policy Making, eHealth Services

The Nordic eHealth Research Network was established in 2012 as a forum for policy makers and researchers to jointly work towards measurable policy goals and data that can be exploited to steer decision making relat...

The Nordic region - a step closer to gender balance in research?
			: Joint Nordic strategies and measures to promote gender balance among researchers in academia

The Nordic region - a step closer to gender balance in research? : Joint Nordic strategies and measures to promote gender balance among researchers in academia »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Solveig Bergman , and Linda M. Rustad

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325684

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Professors, Gender Balance, Joint Nordic Level, Policy Challenges, Gender and Equality Perspective, Nordic Cooperation

Nearly 80 per cent of all professors in the Nordic region are men. Gender balance in academia is therefore an important research policy issue. Hitherto it has been scarcely debated on a joint Nordic level. This rep...

Biodiversity, carbon storage and dynamics of old northern forests

Biodiversity, carbon storage and dynamics of old northern forests »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Heleen de Wit , Erik Framstad , Erik Karltun , Markku Larjavaara , Raisa Mäkipää , and Lars Vesterdal

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325103

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Global Climate System, Nordic Countries, Greenhouse Gas Carbon Dioxide, Complex Ecosystems, Biodiversity, Old Forests

Forests play a key role in the global climate system. The Nordic countries have extensive forests with large and growing tree biomass that captures substantial amounts of the greenhouse gas carbon dioxide. Nordic f...

Demand in a Fragmented Global Carbon Market: Outlook and Policy Options

Demand in a Fragmented Global Carbon Market: Outlook and Policy Options »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Hanna-Mari Ahonen , Thiago Chagas , Darragh Conway , Jelmer Hoogzaad , Suzy Huber , Juha Ollikainen , Sampo Seppänen , and Suvi Viljaranta

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325332

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Carbon Market, Demand Crisis, Carbon-Intensive Infrastructure, Climate Policy, GreenStream, Global Average Temperature Rise

The global carbon market currently faces a deep demand crisis. The consequent price fall reduces the incentive to make low-carbon investments and thus increases the risk of locking in carbon-intensive infrastructur...

Improving Nordic policymaking by dispelling myths on sustainable consumption

Improving Nordic policymaking by dispelling myths on sustainable consumption »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Eva Heiskanen , Helka Kuusi , Oksana Mont , and Kate Power

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325899

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Sustainability Leaders, Misconceptions, Myths, Meta-analysis, Politics of Possibility, Plethora

As Nordic countries have an ambition to be sustainability leaders, enabling sustainable consumption and lifestyles with efficient policies is an important part of reaching this goal. Research demonstrates that evid...

Nature Interpretation for Children and Young People in the Nordic Countries

Nature Interpretation for Children and Young People in the Nordic Countries »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Mette Aaskov Knudsen , and Poul Hjulmann Seidler

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325493

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, TEMA-Nord Report, Children's Understanding of Nature, Sustainable Development, Nature Interpretation Activities, Nature Interpretation Aims, Nature Interpreters

This TEMA-Nord report is a result of a one-year project with all of the Nordic countries participating. The primary goal of the project has been to collect, develop and mediate a series of good examples of how natu...

Polar Law Textbook II

Polar Law Textbook II »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Natalia Loukacheva

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325509

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Arctic, Antarctica, Polar Regions, Legal Developments, Law in Dealing, Polar Law Issues

Developments in the Arctic and Antarctica continue to be the subject of growing public interest and academic, political, scientific, and media discourse. The global magnitude of the changes that are currently takin...

Proposals for targets and indicators for waste prevention in four waste streams

Proposals for targets and indicators for waste prevention in four waste streams »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Ioannis Bakas , Márton Herczeg , Birgitte Kjær , Leonidas Milios , and Naoko Tojo

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325486

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Objective of Providing First Proposals, Waste Prevention Programmes, Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment, Waste Prevention Policy, Target Setting, Waste Streams

This project, commissioned by the Nordic Council of Ministers, had the objective of providing first proposals for targets and indicators that can be used in the Nordic countries waste prevention programmes. Four wa...

Scandinavia's Population Groups Originating from Developing Countries: Change and Integration

Scandinavia's Population Groups Originating from Developing Countries: Change and Integration »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Pieter Bevelander , Inge Dahlstedt , Marc Eskelund , Kasper Gehrke Pedersen , Rasmus H. Bilde , Miroslav Macura , Line Møller Hansen , and Lars Østby

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325981

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Scandinavia, Labour Demands, Family Reunification, Political Conflicts, Political Agenda, Labour Market

Scandinavia's foreign-origin population has steadily increased over the past six decades. Migration flows into the region have been linked to societal phenomena such as growing labour demands, family reunification...

Nordic workshop on action related to Short-lived Climate Forcers
			: Organised by the Nordic Council of Ministers Climate and Air Quality Group

Nordic workshop on action related to Short-lived Climate Forcers : Organised by the Nordic Council of Ministers Climate and Air Quality Group »

Series: Nordic Council of Ministers

Author(s): Hans Ulrik Skotte Møller

Publisher: Nordic Council of Ministers

Publication Date: 01 June 2013

ISBN: 9789289325035

Keywords: Nordic, Norden, Baltic, Baltics, Svalbard Declaration, Climate Changes, Air Pollution, Short-lived Climate Forcers (SLCFs), Black Carbon (soot), Methane

Nordic Ministers of Environment adopted in March 2012 the "Svalbard Declaration" with decisions to reduce the negative impacts of the climate changes and air pollution caused by the emission of the so-called Short-...