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Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries
			: Macroeconomic Dimensions

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions »

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513596013.001

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Valerio Crispolti , Era Dabla-Norris , Jun Kim , Kazuko Shirono , and George Tsibouris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354121.084

ISBN: 9781616354121

Keywords: External shocks, reserve holdings, consumption growth, terms of trade, current account

Low-income countries routinely experience exogenous disturbances—sharp swings in the terms of trade, export demand, natural disasters, and volatile financial flows—that contribute to higher volatility...

Petroleum Product Subsidies
			: Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise »

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455239108.004

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2008

Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook, 2008 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067530.044

ISBN: 9781589067530

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of Payments Statistics Publication, liabilities, debt, payments, portfolio investment, loans, financial derivatives, direct investment, bonds

The BOPS Yearbook, usually published in December, contains balance of payments statistics for most of the world, compiled in accordance with the IMF's Balance of Payments Manual. Part 1 includes aggregate as well a...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062184.012

ISBN: 9781589062184

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

This 2003 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Ko...

Macroeconomic Policy and Poverty Reduction

Macroeconomic Policy and Poverty Reduction »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): Alejandro Izquierdo , Ward Brown , Brian Ames , and Shatayanan Devarajan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589060173.054

ISBN: 9781589060173

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, macroeconomic stability, fixed exchange rate, exchange rate regime

This pamphlet excerpts a chapter on macroeconomic policy from the Poverty Reduction Policy Source book, a guide prepared by the World Bank and IMF to assist countries in developing and strengthening their poverty r...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1999

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1999 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942804.012

ISBN: 9781451942804

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

The exchange and trade systems of IMF member countries are presented in this comprehensive volume in a tabular format. There is expanded coverage of the regulatory framework for capital movements. The information g...

Credibility Without Rules

Credibility Without Rules »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Carlo Cottarelli , and Curzio Giannini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756442.084

ISBN: 9781557756442

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regime, inflation, central bank, monetary policy

During the last 25 years, monetary practice in most countries has increasingly been characterized by the attempt to achieve credibility of purpose while expanding the freedom of monetary authorities in controlling...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1997

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1997 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756664.012

ISBN: 9781557756664

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, exchange control, forward exchange, foreign investment

This 1997 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange restrictions of individual member countries, including Hong Kong,...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1996

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1996 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942712.012

ISBN: 9781451942712

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, exchange rates, exchange transactions, direct investment, foreign exchange transactions

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1995

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1995 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942651.012

ISBN: 9781451942651

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, exchange rates, foreign currencies, exchange transactions, direct investment, direct investments

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1994

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1994 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942606.012

ISBN: 9781451942606

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, exchange rates, foreign currencies, exchange transactions, foreign bank, foreign trade

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1993

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1993 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942545.012

ISBN: 9781451942545

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, exchange transactions, foreign currencies, exchange rates, foreign trade, direct investments

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1992

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1992 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942491.012

ISBN: 9781451942491

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, exchange rates, exchange transactions, foreign trade, direct investment

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1991

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1991 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942446.012

ISBN: 9781451942446

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange rates, exchange transactions, direct investment

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1990 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1990

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942392.012

ISBN: 9781451942392

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange control, exchange rate, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange transactions, exchange rates, foreign bank

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1989

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1989 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942323.012

ISBN: 9781451942323

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange transactions, exchange rates, direct investment

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1988

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1988 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942262.012

ISBN: 9781451942262

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange rates, direct investment, exchange transactions

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1987

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1987 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 1987

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934973.012

ISBN: 9780939934973

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign trade, foreign currencies, exchange rates, direct investment, exchange transactions

This report discusses developments in the international exchange rate and restrictive systems. The period covered by this report is 1986 and, for major developments, the first quarter of 1987. The report highlights...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1986

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1986 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352004.012

ISBN: 9781616352004

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange control, exchange rate, foreign investment, foreign currencies, foreign trade, exchange rates, direct investment, exchange transactions

This report describes developments in the international exchange rate and restrictive systems. The period covered by this report is 1985 and, for major developments, the first quarter of 1986. The report highlights...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1985

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1985 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616352011.012

ISBN: 9781616352011

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange control, exchange rate, foreign investment, foreign trade, foreign currencies, direct investment, exchange rates, exchange transactions

This paper discusses developments in the international exchange rate and restrictive systems. Global output and trade recovered strongly in 1984, as inflation in the industrial countries remained relatively...