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Glossary

Glossary »

Source: IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2019

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): Carlos Sanchez-Munoz , Paul Austin , Alicia Hierro , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530666

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistics, External sector statistics, Statistics, BY, BOP, IIP, IMF

BOPSY Balance of Payments Statistics Yearbook...

IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics
			: Annual Report 2019

IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2019 »

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): Carlos Sanchez-Munoz , Paul Austin , Alicia Hierro , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513530666.044

ISBN: 9781513530666

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistics, External sector statistics, Statistics, BY, BOP, IIP, IMF

The 2019 Annual Report of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (the Committee) provides an overview of recent trends in global balance of payments and international investment position statistics, su...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2019

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): Carlos Sanchez-Munoz , Paul Austin , Alicia Hierro , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530666

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistics, External sector statistics, Statistics, BY, BOP, IIP, IMF

The 2019 Annual Report of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (the Committee) provides an overview of recent trends in global balance of payments and international investment position statistics, su...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2019

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): Carlos Sanchez-Munoz , Paul Austin , Alicia Hierro , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530666

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistics, External sector statistics, Statistics, BY, BOP, IIP, IMF

The 2019 Annual Report of the IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (the Committee) provides an overview of recent trends in global balance of payments and international investment position statistics, su...

Introduction

Introduction »

Source: IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2019

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): Carlos Sanchez-Munoz , Paul Austin , Alicia Hierro , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530666

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistics, External sector statistics, Statistics, BY, BOP, IIP, IMF

1. The IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics (Committee) was set up by the IMF Executive Board in February 1992. Initially, its main purpose was to oversee the implementation of the re...

Recent Trends in Global Balance of Payments and IIP Data

Recent Trends in Global Balance of Payments and IIP Data »

Source: IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2019

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): Carlos Sanchez-Munoz , Paul Austin , Alicia Hierro , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530666

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistics, External sector statistics, Statistics, BY, BOP, IIP, IMF

4. The number of economies submitting ESS to the IMF continued increasing in 2019. Annual balance of payments and IIP statistics for the period 2012–18 are published in the 2019 Balance of Payme...

2020 Work Program

2020 Work Program »

Source: IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2019

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): Carlos Sanchez-Munoz , Paul Austin , Alicia Hierro , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530666

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistics, External sector statistics, Statistics, BY, BOP, IIP, IMF

20. The top priorities of the Committee for 2020 are (i) continuing the work on identifying overarching research topics for designing the BPM6 update strategy; (ii) reducing global and bilateral...

Work Undertaken by the IMF Statistics Department and the Committee in 2019

Work Undertaken by the IMF Statistics Department and the Committee in 2019 »

Source: IMF Committee on Balance of Payments Statistics : Annual Report 2019

Series: Balance of Payments Statistics

Author(s): Carlos Sanchez-Munoz , Paul Austin , Alicia Hierro , and Tamara Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2020

ISBN: 9781513530666

Keywords: Balance of payments statistics, Balance of payments, International investment position, Statistics, External sector statistics, Statistics, BY, BOP, IIP, IMF

A. Strategic Direction of the Next Review of International Standards 8. The Committee agreed on a strategy for updating the ESS manual in coordination with national a...

Bhutan

Bhutan »

Source: Bhutan : Technical Assistance Report-Royal Monetary Authority-Steps Towards a Liquidity Forecasting and Management Framework

Volume/Issue: 2019/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2019

ISBN: 9781498312417

Keywords: Bank credit, Central bank independence, Central banks, Central bank operations, Central bank role, RMA, interbank, consolidated account, money market, government account

This Technical Assistance report highlights that setting up a liquidity forecasting framework would go a long way in establishing a key building block allowing the Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan (RMA) to fulfil...

Bhutan
			: Technical Assistance Report-Royal Monetary Authority-Steps Towards a Liquidity Forecasting and Management Framework

Bhutan : Technical Assistance Report-Royal Monetary Authority-Steps Towards a Liquidity Forecasting and Management Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2019/114

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312417.002

ISBN: 9781498312417

Keywords: Bank credit, Central bank independence, Central banks, Central bank operations, Central bank role, RMA, interbank, consolidated account, money market, government account

This Technical Assistance report highlights that setting up a liquidity forecasting framework would go a long way in establishing a key building block allowing the Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan (RMA) to fulfil...

Gross National Happiness and Macroeconomic Indicators in the Kingdom of Bhutan

Gross National Happiness and Macroeconomic Indicators in the Kingdom of Bhutan »

Source: Gross National Happiness and Macroeconomic Indicators in the Kingdom of Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2019/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sriram Balasubramanian , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2019

ISBN: 9781484389713

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bhutan, Gross domestic product, real income, gross national happiness, Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, General

This paper examines the origins and use of the concept of Gross National Happiness (or subjective well-being) in the Kingdom of Bhutan, and the relationship between measured well-being and macroeconomic indicators....

Gross National Happiness and Macroeconomic Indicators in the Kingdom of Bhutan

Gross National Happiness and Macroeconomic Indicators in the Kingdom of Bhutan »

Volume/Issue: 2019/15

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sriram Balasubramanian , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389713.001

ISBN: 9781484389713

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bhutan, Gross domestic product, real income, gross national happiness, Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement, General

This paper examines the origins and use of the concept of Gross National Happiness (or subjective well-being) in the Kingdom of Bhutan, and the relationship between measured well-being and macroeconomic indicators....

Bhutan

Bhutan »

Source: Bhutan : Technical Assistance Report-Report on the External Sector Statistics Technical Assistance Mission (April 2-13, 2018)

Volume/Issue: 2018/325

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484385241

Keywords: Bhutan, Asia and Pacific

As part of the IMF-South Asia Regional Training and Technical Assistance Center (SARTTAC) work program, a technical assistance (TA) mission on external sector statistics (ESS) was conducted during April 2-13, 2018....

Bhutan
			: Technical Assistance Report-Report on the External Sector Statistics Technical Assistance Mission (April 2-13, 2018)

Bhutan : Technical Assistance Report-Report on the External Sector Statistics Technical Assistance Mission (April 2-13, 2018) »

Volume/Issue: 2018/325

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484385241.002

ISBN: 9781484385241

Keywords: Bhutan, Asia and Pacific

As part of the IMF-South Asia Regional Training and Technical Assistance Center (SARTTAC) work program, a technical assistance (TA) mission on external sector statistics (ESS) was conducted during April 2-13, 2018....

Bhutan: 2018 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Bhutan: 2018 Article IV Consultation—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan »

Source: Bhutan : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2018/300

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484382073

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Financial sector, External sector, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal reforms, Poverty and inequality, Consumption taxes, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that Bhutan continued to make strides in raising per capita incomes and reducing poverty as it concluded the 11th Five Year Plan in 2018. Notably, poverty declined from...

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Bhutan : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2018/300

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484382073

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Financial sector, External sector, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal reforms, Poverty and inequality, Consumption taxes, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that Bhutan continued to make strides in raising per capita incomes and reducing poverty as it concluded the 11th Five Year Plan in 2018. Notably, poverty declined from...

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2018 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Bhutan : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2018/300

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484382073

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Financial sector, External sector, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal reforms, Poverty and inequality, Consumption taxes, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that Bhutan continued to make strides in raising per capita incomes and reducing poverty as it concluded the 11th Five Year Plan in 2018. Notably, poverty declined from...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2018 Article IV Consultation with Bhutan

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2018 Article IV Consultation with Bhutan »

Source: Bhutan : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2018/300

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484382073

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Financial sector, External sector, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal reforms, Poverty and inequality, Consumption taxes, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that Bhutan continued to make strides in raising per capita incomes and reducing poverty as it concluded the 11th Five Year Plan in 2018. Notably, poverty declined from...

Bhutan
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Bhutan : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan »

Volume/Issue: 2018/300

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484382073.002

ISBN: 9781484382073

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Financial sector, External sector, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal reforms, Poverty and inequality, Consumption taxes, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that Bhutan continued to make strides in raising per capita incomes and reducing poverty as it concluded the 11th Five Year Plan in 2018. Notably, poverty declined from...

Statement by Subir Gokarn, Executive Director for Bhutan and Petal Dhillon, Advisor to Executive Director October 26, 2018

Statement by Subir Gokarn, Executive Director for Bhutan and Petal Dhillon, Advisor to Executive Director October 26, 2018 »

Source: Bhutan : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2018/300

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 October 2018

ISBN: 9781484382073

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Monetary policy, Financial sector, External sector, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal reforms, Poverty and inequality, Consumption taxes, Economic indicators

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that Bhutan continued to make strides in raising per capita incomes and reducing poverty as it concluded the 11th Five Year Plan in 2018. Notably, poverty declined from...

Definitions

Definitions »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339886

In this Regional Economic Outlook: Asia and Pacific, the following groupings are employed: “ASEAN” refers to Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao P.D.R., Malaysia, Myanmar, the Philippines, S...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339886

The economic outlook for Asia and the Pacific remains strong, and the region continues to be the most dynamic of the global economy. Near-term prospects have improved since the Regional Economic Outlook Upda...

1. Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

1. Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339886

The world economy continues to perform well, with strong growth and trade, rising but still muted inflation, and accommodative financial conditions, notwithstanding some increased financial mark...

2. Low Inflation in Asia: How Long Will It Last?

2. Low Inflation in Asia: How Long Will It Last? »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339886

Introduction and Main Findings Global growth in 2017 was the highest since 2011 and is expected to strengthen further in 2018–19, supported by broad-based momentum across countries a...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific
			: Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339886.086

ISBN: 9781484339886

Asia is expected to grow by about 51/2 percent this year, accounting for nearly two-thirds of global growth, and the region remains the world's most dynamic by a considerable margin. But despite the strong outlook,...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339886

Asia is expected to grow by about 51/2 percent this year, accounting for nearly two-thirds of global growth, and the region remains the world's most dynamic by a considerable margin. But despite the strong outlook,...

Bhutan

Bhutan »

Source: Bhutan : Technical Assistance Report-SARTTAC Report on National Accounts Statistics Mission

Volume/Issue: 2018/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484347256

Keywords: National accounts, Statistics, Gross domestic product, Technical assistance missions, Bhutan, Data collection, Import price indexes, Ad valorem duties, NSB, GDP estimate

This Technical Assistance Report discusses the findings and recommendations made the IMF mission to assist the Bhutanese authorities in improving estimates of annual GDP, and in developing methods for compiling qua...

Bhutan
			: Technical Assistance Report-SARTTAC Report on National Accounts Statistics Mission

Bhutan : Technical Assistance Report-SARTTAC Report on National Accounts Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2018/79

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484347256.002

ISBN: 9781484347256

Keywords: National accounts, Statistics, Gross domestic product, Technical assistance missions, Bhutan, Data collection, Import price indexes, Ad valorem duties, NSB, GDP estimate

This Technical Assistance Report discusses the findings and recommendations made the IMF mission to assist the Bhutanese authorities in improving estimates of annual GDP, and in developing methods for compiling qua...

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Bhutan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

ISBN: 9781475567342

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Tax revenues, Monetary policy, Currency pegs, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics, Debt sustainability analysis

This paper discusses the recent economic developments, outlook, and risks for Bhutan. Following a slowdown in activity in the wake of the rupee shortage, economic growth has picked up more recently. From an average...

Bhutan Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis1

Bhutan Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis1 »

Source: Bhutan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

ISBN: 9781475567342

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Tax revenues, Monetary policy, Currency pegs, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics, Debt sustainability analysis

This paper discusses the recent economic developments, outlook, and risks for Bhutan. Following a slowdown in activity in the wake of the rupee shortage, economic growth has picked up more recently. From an average...

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: Bhutan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

ISBN: 9781475567342

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Tax revenues, Monetary policy, Currency pegs, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics, Debt sustainability analysis

This paper discusses the recent economic developments, outlook, and risks for Bhutan. Following a slowdown in activity in the wake of the rupee shortage, economic growth has picked up more recently. From an average...

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2016 Article IV Consultation with Bhutan

IMF Executive Board Concludes 2016 Article IV Consultation with Bhutan »

Source: Bhutan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

ISBN: 9781475567342

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Tax revenues, Monetary policy, Currency pegs, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics, Debt sustainability analysis

This paper discusses the recent economic developments, outlook, and risks for Bhutan. Following a slowdown in activity in the wake of the rupee shortage, economic growth has picked up more recently. From an average...

Bhutan
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Bhutan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan »

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475567342.002

ISBN: 9781475567342

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Tax revenues, Monetary policy, Currency pegs, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics, Debt sustainability analysis

This paper discusses the recent economic developments, outlook, and risks for Bhutan. Following a slowdown in activity in the wake of the rupee shortage, economic growth has picked up more recently. From an average...

Statement by Subir Gokarn, Executive Director for Bhutan and Indu Chaturvedi, Senior Advisor to Executive Director June 22, 2016

Statement by Subir Gokarn, Executive Director for Bhutan and Indu Chaturvedi, Senior Advisor to Executive Director June 22, 2016 »

Source: Bhutan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

ISBN: 9781475567342

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Tax revenues, Monetary policy, Currency pegs, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics, Debt sustainability analysis

This paper discusses the recent economic developments, outlook, and risks for Bhutan. Following a slowdown in activity in the wake of the rupee shortage, economic growth has picked up more recently. From an average...

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries
			: Macroeconomic Dimensions

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions »

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513596013.001

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries »

Source: Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

What’s Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?

What’s Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Ralph Chami , Christian Ebeke , and Anne Oeking

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513531236.001

ISBN: 9781513531236

Keywords: Worker’s Remittances, lending channel, banking sector, bank balance sheets, balance sheets, exchange, General, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, All Countries, banking sector.,

Despite welfare and poverty-reducing benefits for recipient households, remittance inflows have been shown to entail macroeconomic challenges; producing Dutch Disease-type effects through their upward (appreciation...

What's Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?

What's Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries? »

Source: What’s Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?

Volume/Issue: 2016/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Ralph Chami , Christian Ebeke , and Anne Oeking

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513531236

Keywords: Worker’s Remittances, lending channel, banking sector, bank balance sheets, balance sheets, exchange, General, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, All Countries, banking sector.,

Despite welfare and poverty-reducing benefits for recipient households, remittance inflows have been shown to entail macroeconomic challenges; producing Dutch Disease-type effects through their upward (appreciation...

Introducing a New Broad-based Index of Financial Development

Introducing a New Broad-based Index of Financial Development »

Volume/Issue: 2016/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katsiaryna Svirydzenka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513583709.001

ISBN: 9781513583709

Keywords: Financial Development, Financial Institutions and Markets, Index, markets, financial institutions, financial systems, financial markets, General, Index Numbers and Aggregation, Methodology for Collecting

There is a vast body of literature estimating the impact of financial development on economic growth, inequality, and economic stability. A typical empirical study approximates financial development with either one...

Introducing a New Broad-based Index of Financial Development1

Introducing a New Broad-based Index of Financial Development1 »

Source: Introducing a New Broad-based Index of Financial Development

Volume/Issue: 2016/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katsiaryna Svirydzenka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513583709

Keywords: Financial Development, Financial Institutions and Markets, Index, markets, financial institutions, financial systems, financial markets, General, Index Numbers and Aggregation, Methodology for Collecting

There is a vast body of literature estimating the impact of financial development on economic growth, inequality, and economic stability. A typical empirical study approximates financial development with either one...

Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism

Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism »

Source: Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2015/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and John Ricco

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513510965

Keywords: tax, revenue, attacks, share, General, National Security and War, All Countries,

This paper provides an empirical analysis of how the frequency and severity of terrorism affect government revenue and expenditure during the period 1970-2013 using a panel dataset on 153 countries. We find that te...

Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism

Fiscal Consequences of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2015/225

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and John Ricco

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513510965.001

ISBN: 9781513510965

Keywords: tax, revenue, attacks, share, General, National Security and War, All Countries,

This paper provides an empirical analysis of how the frequency and severity of terrorism affect government revenue and expenditure during the period 1970-2013 using a panel dataset on 153 countries. We find that te...

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Janet Stotsky , and Qianqian Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524535.001

ISBN: 9781513524535

Keywords: growth, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, economies, currency, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies, General, Asia including Middle East,

This study examines the drivers of growth in Asian countries, with focus on the role of investment, the exchange rate regime, financial risk, and capital account openness. We use a panel data set of a sample of Asi...

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries

A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries »

Source: A New Look at the Determinants of Growth in Asian Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/195

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manuk Ghazanchyan , Janet Stotsky , and Qianqian Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513524535

Keywords: growth, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, economies, currency, General, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Economic Growth of Open Economies, General, Asia including Middle East,

This study examines the drivers of growth in Asian countries, with focus on the role of investment, the exchange rate regime, financial risk, and capital account openness. We use a panel data set of a sample of Asi...

The Impact of IMF-Supported Programs on FDI in Low-income Countries

The Impact of IMF-Supported Programs on FDI in Low-income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Al-Sadiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513502342.001

ISBN: 9781513502342

Keywords: IMF-Supported Programs, FDI Inflows, Low-income Countries, Treatment Effects Model, Propensity Score Matching, gdp, income, investment, variables, value

It is common for IMF-supported adjustment programs with low-income member countries (LICs) to project that they will facilitate FDI inflows. The main objective of this paper is to empirically examine this hypothesi...

The Impact of IMF-Supported Programs on FDI in Low-income Countries

The Impact of IMF-Supported Programs on FDI in Low-income Countries »

Source: The Impact of IMF-Supported Programs on FDI in Low-income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ali Al-Sadiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 July 2015

ISBN: 9781513502342

Keywords: IMF-Supported Programs, FDI Inflows, Low-income Countries, Treatment Effects Model, Propensity Score Matching, gdp, income, investment, variables, value

It is common for IMF-supported adjustment programs with low-income member countries (LICs) to project that they will facilitate FDI inflows. The main objective of this paper is to empirically examine this hypothesi...

The Journey to Inflation Targeting
			: Easier Said than Done The Case for Transitional Arrangements along the Road

The Journey to Inflation Targeting : Easier Said than Done The Case for Transitional Arrangements along the Road »

Volume/Issue: 2015/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Kelly Eckhold , Darryl King , Nils Mæhle , Abdul Naseer , and Alain Durré

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567990.001

ISBN: 9781513567990

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, interest rates, central banks, General,

Countries with evolving monetary regimes that decide to embark on 'the Journey to inflation targeting' may not be able to adopt a full-fledged inflation targeting regime immediately. Those countries would be better...

The Journey to Inflation Targeting

The Journey to Inflation Targeting »

Source: The Journey to Inflation Targeting : Easier Said than Done The Case for Transitional Arrangements along the Road

Volume/Issue: 2015/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Laurens , Kelly Eckhold , Darryl King , Nils Mæhle , Abdul Naseer , and Alain Durré

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513567990

Keywords: central bank, exchange rate, interest rates, central banks, General,

Countries with evolving monetary regimes that decide to embark on 'the Journey to inflation targeting' may not be able to adopt a full-fledged inflation targeting regime immediately. Those countries would be better...

Strengthening Fiscal Frameworks and Improving the Spending Mix in Small States

Strengthening Fiscal Frameworks and Improving the Spending Mix in Small States »

Volume/Issue: 2015/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , Patrizia Tumbarello , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513529103.001

ISBN: 9781513529103

Keywords: revenue volatility, procyclical policies, quality of spending, revenue, debt, expenditure, public spending, General,

Reflecting diseconomies of scale in providing public goods and services, recurrent spending in small states typically represents a large share of GDP. For some small states, this limits the fiscal space available f...

Strengthening Fiscal Frameworks and Improving the Spending Mix in Small States

Strengthening Fiscal Frameworks and Improving the Spending Mix in Small States »

Source: Strengthening Fiscal Frameworks and Improving the Spending Mix in Small States

Volume/Issue: 2015/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ezequiel Cabezon , Patrizia Tumbarello , and Yiqun Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2015

ISBN: 9781513529103

Keywords: revenue volatility, procyclical policies, quality of spending, revenue, debt, expenditure, public spending, General,

Reflecting diseconomies of scale in providing public goods and services, recurrent spending in small states typically represents a large share of GDP. For some small states, this limits the fiscal space available f...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending
			: Theory and Evidence

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475580747.001

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries
			: Catching the Wave?

Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries : Catching the Wave? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juliana Araujo , Antonio David , Carlos van Hombeeck , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484341087.001

ISBN: 9781484341087

Keywords: Gross Capital Flows, Surges, Low-Income Countries, markets, monetary fund, private capital, General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Low-income countries (LIDCs) are typically characterized by intermittent and very modest access to private external funding sources. Motivated by recent developments in private flows to LIDCs this paper makes two c...

Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries

Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries »

Source: Non-FDI Capital Inflows in Low-Income Developing Countries : Catching the Wave?

Volume/Issue: 2015/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Juliana Araujo , Antonio David , Carlos van Hombeeck , and Chris Papageorgiou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2015

ISBN: 9781484341087

Keywords: Gross Capital Flows, Surges, Low-Income Countries, markets, monetary fund, private capital, General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Low-income countries (LIDCs) are typically characterized by intermittent and very modest access to private external funding sources. Motivated by recent developments in private flows to LIDCs this paper makes two c...

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth

Chapter 5. Achieving Inclusive Growth »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Frontier Asian economies are poised for continued rapid growth. 1 Their per capita incomes may be relatively low compared with the rest of Asia at present, but they are clearly on...

Chapter 7. Addressing Financial Sector Vulnerabilities

Chapter 7. Addressing Financial Sector Vulnerabilities »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Financial sector development and deepening are broadly seen to be essential to long-term growth because they enable saving and facilitate investment (see Chapter 6 on Financial Sector Deepening). Although th...

Chapter 3. Diversification, Growth, and Volatility

Chapter 3. Diversification, Growth, and Volatility »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Limited diversification in exports and broader economic structure have long been underlying characteristics of many developing and, in particular, frontier economies. Yet some have shown a remarkable economi...

Chapter 6. Financial Sector Deepening and Transformation

Chapter 6. Financial Sector Deepening and Transformation »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Financial deepening is a multidimensional concept. It can be viewed as the process of enhancing and broadening financial systems by increasing the depth, liquidity, efficiency, and volumes of financial insti...

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond

Chapter 8. Frontier Markets in Asia and Beyond »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As growth in several major emerging market economies has slowed, economists and investors alike have shown more interest in a second group of countries in Asia and beyond—the frontier economies. A number of...

Chapter 4. Growth Slowdown: Are Frontier and Developing Asian Economies Different?

Chapter 4. Growth Slowdown: Are Frontier and Developing Asian Economies Different? »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

As is well known, generating growth in low-income countries with low capital stock, limited access to credit, and poor education systems is very challenging, and this phenomenon has been well studied in the...

Chapter 2. Lessons for Frontier Economies from the Recent Experience of Emerging Markets

Chapter 2. Lessons for Frontier Economies from the Recent Experience of Emerging Markets »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Frontier economies have grown rapidly since the turn of the century. While GDP growth rates have varied considerably among the countries in this group, their average growth and inflation rates have been gene...

Chapter 9. Monetary Policy Frameworks: An Assessment

Chapter 9. Monetary Policy Frameworks: An Assessment »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

The key features of frontier and developing Asia’s development experience since the mid-1990s are its impressive growth performance and relatively well-contained inflation. 1 Duri...

Chapter 1. The Growing Importance of Frontier and Developing Asia

Chapter 1. The Growing Importance of Frontier and Developing Asia »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

Even if a mountain is high, there is always a way to reach the top—and although the way might be full of danger, there is always a way for someone to get through it. (Vietnamese proverb)...

Frontier and Developing Asia
			: The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets »

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475595512.071

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

With a combined population of more than 350 million people, frontier and developing Asia, which includes countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Bangladesh, is located in the world's fastest-growing region and has...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

With a combined population of more than 350 million people, frontier and developing Asia, which includes countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Bangladesh, is located in the world's fastest-growing region and has...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

With a combined population of more than 350 million people, frontier and developing Asia, which includes countries such as Vietnam, Cambodia, and Bangladesh, is located in the world's fastest-growing region and has...

Part I: Introduction

Part I: Introduction »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

...

Part II: Transforming Economies and Growth

Part II: Transforming Economies and Growth »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

...

Part III: Strengthening Policy Frameworks

Part III: Strengthening Policy Frameworks »

Source: Frontier and Developing Asia : The Next Generation of Emerging Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Alfred Schipke

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2015

ISBN: 9781475595512

Keywords: Developing countries, exchange, emerging market, markets, banks

...

Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public Service Delivery

Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public Service Delivery »

Source: Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public Service Delivery

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Moussé Sow , and Ivohasina Razafimahefa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2015

ISBN: 9781484351116

Keywords: Decentralization, efficiency, stochastic frontier analysis, fiscal decentralization, public expenditure, expenditure, Methodological Issues: General, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, General, Intergovernmental Relations,

This paper explores the impact of fiscal decentralization on the efficiency of public service delivery. It uses a stochastic frontier method to estimate time-varying efficiency coefficients and analyzes the impact...

Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public Service Delivery

Fiscal Decentralization and the Efficiency of Public Service Delivery »

Volume/Issue: 2015/59

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Moussé Sow , and Ivohasina Razafimahefa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351116.001

ISBN: 9781484351116

Keywords: Decentralization, efficiency, stochastic frontier analysis, fiscal decentralization, public expenditure, expenditure, Methodological Issues: General, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, General, Intergovernmental Relations,

This paper explores the impact of fiscal decentralization on the efficiency of public service delivery. It uses a stochastic frontier method to estimate time-varying efficiency coefficients and analyzes the impact...

The Use and Effectiveness of Macroprudential Policies
			: New Evidence

The Use and Effectiveness of Macroprudential Policies : New Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321051.001

ISBN: 9781498321051

Keywords: Macroprudential policies, Effectiveness, Procyclicality, credit growth, markets, monetary fund, borrower, instruments, Government Policy and Regulation, Government Policy and Regulation,

Using a recent IMF survey and expanding on previous studies, we document the use of macroprudential policies for 119 countries over the 2000-13 period, covering many instruments. Emerging economies use macroprude...

The Use and Effectiveness of Macroprudential Policies

The Use and Effectiveness of Macroprudential Policies »

Source: The Use and Effectiveness of Macroprudential Policies : New Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/61

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Luc Laeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2015

ISBN: 9781498321051

Keywords: Macroprudential policies, Effectiveness, Procyclicality, credit growth, markets, monetary fund, borrower, instruments, Government Policy and Regulation, Government Policy and Regulation,

Using a recent IMF survey and expanding on previous studies, we document the use of macroprudential policies for 119 countries over the 2000-13 period, covering many instruments. Emerging economies use macroprude...

Credit Booms and Macroeconomic Dynamics

Credit Booms and Macroeconomic Dynamics »

Source: Credit Booms and Macroeconomic Dynamics : Stylized Facts and Lessons for Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Arena , Serpil Bouza , Era Dabla-Norris , Kerstin Gerling , and Lamin Njie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484356869

Keywords: macroeocnomic dynamics, low-income countries, emerging market economies, credit, booms, credit boom, banking, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, emerging market economies.,

Using a comprehensive database on bank credit, covering 135 developing countries over the period 1960-2011, we identify, document, and compare the macro-economic dynamics of credit booms across low- and middle-inco...

Credit Booms and Macroeconomic Dynamics
			: Stylized Facts and Lessons for Low-Income Countries

Credit Booms and Macroeconomic Dynamics : Stylized Facts and Lessons for Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marco Arena , Serpil Bouza , Era Dabla-Norris , Kerstin Gerling , and Lamin Njie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484356869.001

ISBN: 9781484356869

Keywords: macroeocnomic dynamics, low-income countries, emerging market economies, credit, booms, credit boom, banking, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, emerging market economies.,

Using a comprehensive database on bank credit, covering 135 developing countries over the period 1960-2011, we identify, document, and compare the macro-economic dynamics of credit booms across low- and middle-inco...

Revisiting the Concept of Dollarization
			: The Global Financial Crisis and Dollarization in Low-Income Countries

Revisiting the Concept of Dollarization : The Global Financial Crisis and Dollarization in Low-Income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase , and Francis Kumah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366912.001

ISBN: 9781484366912

Keywords: deposit dollarization, GMM, impulse response, flight to quality, currency, deposit, exchange rate, deposits, foreign currency, Models with Panel Data

The economic literature has examined deposit dollarization in nominal terms, typically focusing on the ratio of foreign currency deposits to broad money. However, while private agent demand for foreign currency may...

Revisiting the Concept of Dollarization

Revisiting the Concept of Dollarization »

Source: Revisiting the Concept of Dollarization : The Global Financial Crisis and Dollarization in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2015/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nkunde Mwase , and Francis Kumah

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2015

ISBN: 9781484366912

Keywords: deposit dollarization, GMM, impulse response, flight to quality, currency, deposit, exchange rate, deposits, foreign currency, Models with Panel Data

The economic literature has examined deposit dollarization in nominal terms, typically focusing on the ratio of foreign currency deposits to broad money. However, while private agent demand for foreign currency may...

Does conditionality in IMF-supported programs promote revenue reform?

Does conditionality in IMF-supported programs promote revenue reform? »

Source: Does conditionality in IMF-supported programs promote revenue reform?

Volume/Issue: 2014/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2014

ISBN: 9781484380048

Keywords: structural conditionality, revenue, tax, taxes, revenues, goods, Models with Panel Data, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, General,

This paper studies whether revenue conditionality in Fund-supported programs had any impact on the revenue performance of 126 low- and middle-income countries during 1993-2013. The results indicate that such condit...

Does conditionality in IMF-supported programs promote revenue reform?

Does conditionality in IMF-supported programs promote revenue reform? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ernesto Crivelli , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484380048.001

ISBN: 9781484380048

Keywords: structural conditionality, revenue, tax, taxes, revenues, goods, Models with Panel Data, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, General,

This paper studies whether revenue conditionality in Fund-supported programs had any impact on the revenue performance of 126 low- and middle-income countries during 1993-2013. The results indicate that such condit...

A Constrained Choice? Impact of Concessionality Requirements on Borrowing Behavior

A Constrained Choice? Impact of Concessionality Requirements on Borrowing Behavior »

Source: A Constrained Choice? Impact of Concessionality Requirements on Borrowing Behavior

Volume/Issue: 2014/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Calixte Ahokpossi , Laurence Allain , and Giovanna Bua

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498349727

Keywords: Concessionality, debt limits policy, propensity score matching, external debt, public debt, private creditors, debt relief, concessional debt, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems

This paper uses the propensity matching score approach to assess the impact of the IMF's debt limits policy (DLP) on borrowing behavior in countries eligible to borrow from its concessional lending window. The pape...

A Constrained Choice? Impact of Concessionality Requirements on Borrowing Behavior

A Constrained Choice? Impact of Concessionality Requirements on Borrowing Behavior »

Volume/Issue: 2014/176

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Calixte Ahokpossi , Laurence Allain , and Giovanna Bua

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498349727.001

ISBN: 9781498349727

Keywords: Concessionality, debt limits policy, propensity score matching, external debt, public debt, private creditors, debt relief, concessional debt, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Lending and Debt Problems

This paper uses the propensity matching score approach to assess the impact of the IMF's debt limits policy (DLP) on borrowing behavior in countries eligible to borrow from its concessional lending window. The pape...

Credit Quality in Developing Economies

Credit Quality in Developing Economies »

Source: Credit Quality in Developing Economies : Remittances to the Rescue?

Volume/Issue: 2014/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , Boileau Loko , and Arina Viseth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498377911

Keywords: nonperforming loans, macroeconomic volatility, remittance, output growth, remittance inflows, migrant, Globalization: Finance,

This paper analyzes the link between remittances inflows and nonperforming loans (NPLs) in a large sample of developing countries. Theoretical transmission channels include risk coping, exchange rate and growth imp...

Friedman Redux

Friedman Redux »

Source: Friedman Redux : External Adjustment and Exchange Rate Flexibility

Volume/Issue: 2014/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Mahvash Qureshi , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498359245

Keywords: external dynamics, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, bilateral exchange rate, exchange rate flexibility, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Milton Friedman argued that flexible exchange rates would facilitate external adjustment. Recent studies find surprisingly little robust evidence that they do. We argue that this is because they use composite (or a...

Credit Quality in Developing Economies
			: Remittances to the Rescue?

Credit Quality in Developing Economies : Remittances to the Rescue? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , Boileau Loko , and Arina Viseth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498377911.001

ISBN: 9781498377911

Keywords: nonperforming loans, macroeconomic volatility, remittance, output growth, remittance inflows, migrant, Globalization: Finance,

This paper analyzes the link between remittances inflows and nonperforming loans (NPLs) in a large sample of developing countries. Theoretical transmission channels include risk coping, exchange rate and growth imp...

Friedman Redux
			: External Adjustment and Exchange Rate Flexibility

Friedman Redux : External Adjustment and Exchange Rate Flexibility »

Volume/Issue: 2014/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atish Ghosh , Mahvash Qureshi , and Charalambos Tsangarides

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498359245.001

ISBN: 9781498359245

Keywords: external dynamics, exchange rate, exchange rate regime, bilateral exchange rate, exchange rate flexibility, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

Milton Friedman argued that flexible exchange rates would facilitate external adjustment. Recent studies find surprisingly little robust evidence that they do. We argue that this is because they use composite (or a...

Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014 »

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498309073.029

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

This issue of the Asia & Pacific Small States Monitor focuses on the challenges facing Asia and Pacific small states associated with natural disasters and climate change. Most tourism-oriented economies experienced...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

This issue of the Asia & Pacific Small States Monitor focuses on the challenges facing Asia and Pacific small states associated with natural disasters and climate change. Most tourism-oriented economies experienced...

Asia-Pacific Small States: Developments and Outlook

Asia-Pacific Small States: Developments and Outlook »

Source: Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

Growth Developments Recent economic performance in the APD small states was uneven in the first few months of 2014 (Figure 1). Figure 1...

Country Notes

Country Notes »

Source: Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

Bhutan Context: Bhutan is a small, until recently fast-growing, lower middle-income country with deep economic ties to India and a peg to the Indian rupee. Growth in...

Perspective from the Field: Monetary Policy Challenges in Tonga1

Perspective from the Field: Monetary Policy Challenges in Tonga1 »

Source: Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

By Adam Gorajek, Head of the Economics Department at the National Reserve Bank of Tonga (NRBT) during May 2012-May 2014. This article is based on research conducted in the NRBT....

Photos from Recent IMF Missions and Small State Events

Photos from Recent IMF Missions and Small State Events »

Source: Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

IMF Solomon Islands mission team with Denton Rarawa, Governor of the Central Bank of Solomon Islands and Vicki Plater, IMF Alternate Executive Director...

Special Topic

Special Topic »

Source: Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

Fiscal Multipliers in the Asia-Pacific Small States 1 Owing to their small population size, geographical dispersion, an...

Staff Guidance Note on Small States: The Fund’s Engagement with Small Developing States—Staff Guidance Note1

Staff Guidance Note on Small States: The Fund’s Engagement with Small Developing States—Staff Guidance Note1 »

Source: Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

The unique economic characteristics and constraints facing small developing states were presented in a March 2013 Fund Board paper Macroeconomic Issues in Small States and Implications for Fu...

Upcoming and Recent Events

Upcoming and Recent Events »

Source: Asia and Pacific Small States Monitor, August 2014

Series: Other Periodicals

Author(s): Shari Boyce , Sergei Dodzin , Ezequiel Cabezon , Fazurin Jamaludin , Yiqun Wu , and Rosanne Heller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2014

ISBN: 9781498309073

Keywords: natural disasters, disasters, monetary policy, fiscal multipliers, government spending

ISLAND VOICES GLOBAL CHOICES UN Conference on Small Island Developing States Apia Samoa 1-4 September | 2014 ∽ IMF Feature Event ∽...

Bhutan: Selected Issues

Bhutan: Selected Issues »

Source: Bhutan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498342254

Keywords: tax system, tax revenue, indirect tax, tax revenues, tax reform

This Selected Issues paper describes the current tax system in Bhutan and suggests options for tax policy reform. Though significant hydropower revenues are expected in the medium term as major projects come on-str...

Bhutan: Selected Issues

Bhutan: Selected Issues »

Source: Bhutan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498342254

Keywords: tax system, tax revenue, indirect tax, tax revenues, tax reform

This Selected Issues paper describes the current tax system in Bhutan and suggests options for tax policy reform. Though significant hydropower revenues are expected in the medium term as major projects come on-str...

Bhutan: Selected Issues

Bhutan: Selected Issues »

Source: Bhutan : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498342254

Keywords: tax system, tax revenue, indirect tax, tax revenues, tax reform

This Selected Issues paper describes the current tax system in Bhutan and suggests options for tax policy reform. Though significant hydropower revenues are expected in the medium term as major projects come on-str...

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation »

Source: Bhutan : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/178

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498357708

Keywords: inflation, monetary authority, current account, public debt

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the GDP growth in Bhutan has slowed from about 10 percent in FY2011 (July 1-June 30) to 5 percent in FY2013. Slower growth reflects policy efforts to contain overhe...

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Bhutan : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/178

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498357708

Keywords: inflation, monetary authority, current account, public debt

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the GDP growth in Bhutan has slowed from about 10 percent in FY2011 (July 1-June 30) to 5 percent in FY2013. Slower growth reflects policy efforts to contain overhe...

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Enhancing Financial Sector Surveillance

Bhutan: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation—Enhancing Financial Sector Surveillance »

Source: Bhutan : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2014/178

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

ISBN: 9781498357708

Keywords: inflation, monetary authority, current account, public debt

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that the GDP growth in Bhutan has slowed from about 10 percent in FY2011 (July 1-June 30) to 5 percent in FY2013. Slower growth reflects policy efforts to contain overhe...