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The Bahamas
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

The Bahamas : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2019/198

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498323253.002

ISBN: 9781498323253

Keywords: External sector, Real sector, Financial statistics, Central banks, Price indexes, percent of GDP, international sector, FRL, medium-term, PFM

Growth has returned after years of stagnation. The reform-oriented government is tackling structural issues, with notable achievements in the fiscal area. The financial sector is sound and resilient to current stab...

The Bahamas
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessment of Observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

The Bahamas : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessment of Observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2019/200

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498323284.002

ISBN: 9781498323284

Keywords: Bank credit, Central banks, Bank rates, Bank liquidity, Reserve requirements, SFI, risk assessment process, bank 's board, external auditor, risk profile

The Bank Supervision Department (BSD) of the Central Bank of the Bahamas (CBoB) has a generally effective supervisory program in place for the size and complexity of the Bahamian banking system. Since the prior FSA...

The Bahamas
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note on Financial Inclusion, Retail Payments, and SME Finance

The Bahamas : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note on Financial Inclusion, Retail Payments, and SME Finance »

Volume/Issue: 2019/201

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498323291.002

ISBN: 9781498323291

Keywords: Central banks, Bank credit, Central bank accounting, Financial regulation and supervision, Bank accounting, e-money, SMEs, ACH, credit transfer, payment service provider

The CBOB considers increased financial inclusion as a critical reform area. In this regard, the FSAP assessed developments in financial inclusion for individuals and enterprises (SME finance), retail payments and p...

The Bahamas
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note on Financial Stability and Stress Testing

The Bahamas : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note on Financial Stability and Stress Testing »

Volume/Issue: 2019/202

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498323307.002

ISBN: 9781498323307

Keywords: Bank credit, Central banks, Real interest rates, Interest rate increases, Sovereign risk, domestic bank, U.S. recession, NPL, risk-weighted, offshore bank

Macrofinancial risks stem from the economy's vulnerability to external shocks to tourism and real estate investment, exposure to frequent and severe hurricanes, and a small and illiquid real estate market. Stress t...

The Bahamas
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

The Bahamas : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2019/199

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498323277.002

ISBN: 9781498323277

Keywords: Bank credit, External sector, Real sector, Central banks, Financial soundness indicators, CFT, AML, credit union, risk-based, consumer loan

The Bahamas appears to be resilient to current threats to its financial stability, but action is needed to safeguard against potential weaknesses. There is a large stock of problem assets that needs to be dealt wit...

The Bahamas
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

The Bahamas : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2018/118

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484355084.002

ISBN: 9781484355084

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Financial sector, Executive Board decisions, Economic indicators, Debt sustainability analysis, Press releases

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that The Bahamas' real GDP is estimated to have expanded by 1.3 percent in 2017. Economic activity has been supported by the completion of Baha Mar, new foreign direct i...

The Bahamas
			: Selected Issues

The Bahamas : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2018/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484355176.002

ISBN: 9781484355176

Keywords: Fiscal policy, Labor markets, External shocks, Risk management, Selected issues, Bahamas, The

This Selected Issues paper makes the case for a rules-based fiscal framework for The Bahamas and discusses its design, calibration, and implementation. The IMF staff recommends adopting a headline deficit ceiling a...

Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean »

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315194.071

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution »

Volume/Issue: 2017/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Franz Loyola , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Inci Ötker , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326572.001

ISBN: 9781484326572

Keywords: Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica

The high level of nonperforming loans (NPLs) in the Caribbean has been, in large part, a legacy of the global financial crisis, but their persistence owes much to the weak economic recovery in the region, as well a...

The Bahamas
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

The Bahamas : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/314

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323090.002

ISBN: 9781484323090

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Bahamas, The

A prolonged period of stagnation has resulted in declining income relative to neighboring countries, concerns about fiscal sustainability, and a severe household debt overhang problem. Elevated public debt, limited...

The Bahamas
			: Selected Issues

The Bahamas : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/315

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323113.002

ISBN: 9781484323113

Keywords: Bahamas, The, Western Hemisphere

Selected Issues...

Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Ötker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322154.073

ISBN: 9781484322154

Keywords: Caribbean, Eastern Caribbean Currency Union, Economic growth, Economic integration, Financial analysis, Inclusive growth, International financial cooperation, International financial markets, Regional integration, Financial integration

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean
			: Trends, Impact, and Policy Options

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean : Trends, Impact, and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2017/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320686.001

ISBN: 9781484320686

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Small states, Grenada, Haiti, Western Hemisphere

Banks across the Caribbean have lost important Correspondent Banking Relationships (CBRs). The macroeconomic impact has so far been limited, in part because banks either have multiple relationships or have been suc...

Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean
			: Engines of Growth and Macroeconomic Stabilizers?

Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean : Engines of Growth and Macroeconomic Stabilizers? »

Volume/Issue: 2017/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Svetlana Cerovic , Misael Galdamez , Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov , Franz Loyola , Zsoka Koczan , Bogdan Lissovolik , Jan Martijn , Yulia Ustyugova , and Joyce Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303641.001

ISBN: 9781484303641

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Costa Rica, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Belize, El Salvador

Outward migration has been an important phenomenon for countries in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC), particularly those in Central America and the Caribbean. This paper examines recent trends in outward migr...

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability
			: The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability : The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed El-Ashram

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302453.001

ISBN: 9781484302453

Keywords: Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Bahamas, The, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Jamaica, Barbados

The question of how scaling up public investment could affect fiscal and debt sustainability is key for countries needing to fill infrastructure gaps and build resilience. This paper proposes a bottom-up approach t...

Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean
			: Challenges, Achievements, and Next Steps

Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean : Challenges, Achievements, and Next Steps »

Volume/Issue: 2017/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephane Schlotterbeck

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475592610.001

ISBN: 9781475592610

Keywords: Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Western Hemisphere

Over the past decade, governments in the Caribbean region have introduced the value-added tax (VAT) to modernize their tax system, rapidly mobilize revenue and reduce budget deficits. This paper analyzes VAT perfor...

Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean

Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Alexander Klemm , Sumiko Ogawa , Marco Pani , and Claudio Visconti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589597.001

ISBN: 9781475589597

Keywords: Bahamas, The, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere

Many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean now publish financial stability reports. This study reviews their latest issues to assess their content, quality, and transparency. While some reports provide a str...

Cluster Report
			: Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean

Cluster Report : Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475586015.002

ISBN: 9781475586015

Keywords: Puerto Rico, Suriname, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica

This Cluster Report explores opportunities for trade integration in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. It finds that the region can reap significant growth benefits from further trade integration. With tra...

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Koffie Ben Nassar , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Mike Li , Timothy Robinson , and Saji Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545432.001

ISBN: 9781475545432

Keywords: Jamaica, Insurance, Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Barbados, Bahamas, The, Asia and Pacific, Aging

Weighed down by population aging, slow economic growth, and high unemployment, National Insurance Schemes in the Caribbean are projected to run substantial deficits and deplete their assets in the next decades, rai...

Gone with the Wind
			: Estimating Hurricane and Climate Change Costs in the Caribbean

Gone with the Wind : Estimating Hurricane and Climate Change Costs in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/199

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Acevedo Mejia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475544763.001

ISBN: 9781475544763

Keywords: Hurricane, tropical cyclone, climate change, climate impact, Caribbean.

This paper studies the economic costs of hurricanes in the Caribbean by constructing a novel dataset that combines a detailed record of tropical cyclones' characteristics with reported damages. I estimate the relat...

Highways to Heaven
			: Infrastructure Determinants and Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean

Highways to Heaven : Infrastructure Determinants and Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , Alfredo Cuevas , Carlos Góes , Izabela Karpowicz , Troy Matheson , Issouf Samaké , and Svetlana Vtyurina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536744.001

ISBN: 9781475536744

Keywords: Latin America and the Caribbean, infrastructure, public investment, investment efficiency, public-private partnerships.

Inadequate infrastructure has been widely viewed as a principal barrier to growth and development in Latin America and the Caribbean. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of infrastructure in the region and...

The Bahamas
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for The Bahamas

The Bahamas : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for The Bahamas »

Volume/Issue: 2016/224

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498356794.002

ISBN: 9781498356794

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic growth in The Bahamas is estimated to have stalled in 2015, as a modest increase in air tourism arrivals was not sufficient to offset a contraction in dome...

Structural Reform and Growth
			: What Really Matters? Evidence from the Caribbean

Structural Reform and Growth : What Really Matters? Evidence from the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Greenidge , Meredith McIntyre , and Hanlei Yun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484321812.001

ISBN: 9781484321812

Keywords: Structural Reform, Institutional Quality, Small States

Since the 1980's with the introduction of IMF/WB adjustment programs structural reforms have been a core part of the reform agenda in the Caribbean. The paper reviewed the package of structural reforms in trade lib...

Caribbean Energy
			: Macro-Related Challenges

Caribbean Energy : Macro-Related Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2016/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arnold McIntyre , Ahmed El-Ashram , Marcio Ronci , Julien Reynaud , Natasha Che , Ke Wang , Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , and Mark Lutz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560908.001

ISBN: 9781513560908

Keywords: Energy Reform, Oil Price Shocks, Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, PPP, energy, oil, electricity, investments, investment

High energy costs contribute to dampening Caribbean competitiveness and potential growth. This paper overviews power sector challenges and takes stock of national and regional strategies to address them. It present...

Flying to Paradise

Flying to Paradise »

Volume/Issue: 2016/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , Lu Han , Marie Kim , and Nicole Laframboise

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498375108.001

ISBN: 9781498375108

Keywords: airlift supply factors, tourist, tourist arrivals, airlines, tourists, Time-Series Models, Models with Panel Data,, Aviation, Caribbean, United States

This paper studies the role of airlift supply on the tourism sector in the Caribbean. The paper examines the relative importance of U.S.-Caribbean airlift supply factors such as the number of flights, seats, airlin...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental
			: Ajustando bajo presión

Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513540610.086

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

....

The Bahamas
			: Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation

The Bahamas : Staff Report for the 2015 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2015/203

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513502649.002

ISBN: 9781513502649

Keywords: monetary fund, debt, economic developments, deficit, oil prices

Context. Economic activity strengthened somewhat in 2014 while the external current account deficit worsened primarily as a result of Baha Mar construction-related imports. The authorities continue to make substant...

Perspectivas económicas, abril de 2015: Las Américas,
			: El Norte se recupera, el Sur aún espera

Perspectivas económicas, abril de 2015: Las Américas, : El Norte se recupera, el Sur aún espera »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484318768.086

ISBN: 9781484318768

Keywords: América Latina; exportadores de materias primas; economías que dependen del turismo; América Central y la República Dominicana; economía finacieramente integradas

Perspectivas económicas: Las Américas, abril de 2015...

Revisiting Tourism Flows to the Caribbean
			: What is Driving Arrivals?

Revisiting Tourism Flows to the Caribbean : What is Driving Arrivals? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicole Laframboise , Nkunde Mwase , Joonkyu Park , and Yingke Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498351560.001

ISBN: 9781498351560

Keywords: income elasticity, Carribean, tourism arrivals, expenditure, tourist, destinations, hotels, hotel, Models with Panel Data, tourism arrivals and expenditure,

The Caribbean share of the global tourism market has been declining. This study examines what is driving tourism flows. It estimates the determinants of tourism and explores variations based on sample differences,...

Labor Market Issues in the Caribbean
			: Scope to Mobilize Employment Growth

Labor Market Issues in the Caribbean : Scope to Mobilize Employment Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2014/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , Genevieve Lindow , Mario Mansilla , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Jochen M. Schmittmann , Qiaoe Chen , Xin Li , Marika Santoro , and Solomon Stavis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498387804.001

ISBN: 9781498387804

Keywords: labor market, macro policies, structural reforms, employment growth, unemployment rate, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Public Policy,

The paper examines the determinants of employment growth, drawing on data available across a sample of Caribbean countries. To that end, the paper analyzes estimates of the employment-output elasticity and the resp...

Perspectivas económicas regionales, abril de 2014: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental

Perspectivas económicas regionales, abril de 2014: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 April 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484346129.086

ISBN: 9781484346129

Los cinco informes sobre las perspectivas económicas regionales (informes REO) que el FMI publica semestralmente abarcan Asia y el Pacífico, Europa, Oriente Medio y Asia Central, África sub-sahariana y las Américas...

The Bahamas
			: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation

The Bahamas : Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475514797.002

ISBN: 9781475514797

Keywords: public debt, current account, external debt, government debt, central bank

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights economic developments and policies in The Bahamas. The paper focuses on policies to secure fiscal, external, and the financial sector stability, and strengthen medium-te...

The Bahamas
			: Tax Reforms for Increased Buoyancy

The Bahamas : Tax Reforms for Increased Buoyancy »

Volume/Issue: 2014/17

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484377710.002

ISBN: 9781484377710

Keywords: property tax, tax system, tax revenues, tax effort

This paper focuses on tax reforms for increased buoyancy in The Bahamas. The Bahamas has a low tax effort owing to limited tax handles and underutilization of available ones. Real property tax collections as percen...

Financial Interconnectedness and Financial Sector Reforms in the Caribbean

Financial Interconnectedness and Financial Sector Reforms in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2013/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sumiko Ogawa , Joonkyu Park , Diva Singh , and Nita Thacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484307830.001

ISBN: 9781484307830

Keywords: financial interconnectedness, financial sector in the Caribbean region, regulatory and supervision system, banking, banking sector, consolidated supervision, deposit insurance, banking system, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, BUS069020

Financial sector linkages have increased continuously in the Caribbean with cross border capital flows and financial conglomerates dominating the financial system. While the greater interconnectedness can heighten...

The Bahamas
			: 2012 Article IV Consultation

The Bahamas : 2012 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/100

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484390689.002

ISBN: 9781484390689

Keywords: current account, central bank, public debt, current account deficit, external debt

The article highlights the economic condition, fiscal policies, external stability, and financial growth strategy of The Bahamas. The economy of The Bahamas showed gradual growth of about 2.5 percent by 2012, but...

The Bahamas
			: Financial Sector Stability Assessment

The Bahamas : Financial Sector Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2013/101

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 April 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484357675.002

ISBN: 9781484357675

Keywords: offshore banks, banking supervision, financial soundness, international standards

This article is an overview of the structure of the Bahamian financial system. After the financial crisis in the United States, the Bahamian financial structure showed fragile growth. Tourism, the main source of in...

Caribbean Growth in an International Perspective
			: The Role of Tourism and Size

Caribbean Growth in an International Perspective : The Role of Tourism and Size »

Volume/Issue: 2012/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nita Thacker , Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , and Roberto Perrelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510898.001

ISBN: 9781475510898

Keywords: size, growth, tfp, growth accounting, gdp growth, Models with Panel Data, General,

After earlier success, growth performance in most Caribbean countries has been disappointing since the early 1990s. With slower growth, output has fallen behind that of relevant comparator countries. This paper ana...

Resource Windfalls, Optimal Public Investment and Redistribution
			: The Role of Total Factor Productivity and Administrative Capacity

Resource Windfalls, Optimal Public Investment and Redistribution : The Role of Total Factor Productivity and Administrative Capacity »

Volume/Issue: 2012/200

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alan Gelb , Arnaud Dupuy , and Rabah Arezki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505504.001

ISBN: 9781475505504

Keywords: Resource Windfall, Administrative Capacity, capital investment, investment management, investor protection, public investment programs, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

This paper studies the optimal public investment decisions in countries experiencing a resource windfall. To do so, we use an augmented version of the Permanent Income framework with public investment faced with ad...

Threshold Effects of Sovereign Debt
			: Evidence From the Caribbean

Threshold Effects of Sovereign Debt : Evidence From the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2012/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Drakes , Chrystol Thomas , Roland Craigwell , and Kevin Greenidge

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504507.001

ISBN: 9781475504507

Keywords: Debt Threshold, Panel Data, Threshold Regressions, external debt, real gdp

This paper addresses the issue of threshold effects between public debt and economic growth in the Caribbean. The main finding is that there exists a threshold debt to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio of 55-56 pe...

The Bahamas
			: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

The Bahamas : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2011/338

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 December 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463927882.002

ISBN: 9781463927882

Keywords: public debt, central bank, current account, external debt, government debt, Bahamas,

The Bahamian economy began a tepid recovery in 2010, following a sharp recession in 2008 and 2009 in the wake of the global financial crisis. Real GDP grew by about 1 percent. The rebound was driven by the trade, h...

Public Debt Targeting An Application to the Caribbean

Public Debt Targeting An Application to the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2011/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alejandro Guerson , and Giovanni Melina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463902148.001

ISBN: 9781463902148

Keywords: Procyclical spending, public debt sustainability, public debt, primary expenditure, debt accumulation, debt sustainability, International Lending and Debt Problems, International Finance Forecasting and Simulation, National Budget, Deficit

This paper proposes a fiscal policy framework we call Public Debt Targeting. The framework seeks to smooth primary spending over the business cycle while remaining consistent with public debt sustainability. Under...

Trinidad and Tobago
			: Selected Issues

Trinidad and Tobago : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2011/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455228119.002

ISBN: 9781455228119

Keywords: life insurance, insurance companies, policyholders, insurance products

In this study, the economic developments and policy responses of Trinidad and Tobago after the crisis is reviewed. Policy recommendations are used to strengthen the legal and regulatory framework. According to the...

The Bahamas
			: 2010 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

The Bahamas : 2010 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2010/369

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455212965.002

ISBN: 9781455212965

Keywords: debt, interest, central bank, deficit, public sector, Bahamas,

The Bahamas depends heavily on tourism and financial services. Executive Directors have commended the strong track record of prudent macroeconomic management, but have encouraged the government to broaden the domes...

Empirical Evidenceon the Effects of Tax Incentives

Empirical Evidenceon the Effects of Tax Incentives »

Volume/Issue: 2009/136

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm , and Stefan Parys

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872835.001

ISBN: 9781451872835

Keywords: fdi, investment allowances, direct investment

This paper considers two empirical questions about tax incentives: (1) are incentives used as tools of tax competition and (2) how effective are incentives in attracting investment? To answer these, we prepared a n...

The Bahamas
			: 2009 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

The Bahamas : 2009 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2009/189

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 June 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804744.002

ISBN: 9781451804744

Keywords: debt, interest, central bank, public sector, deficit

The staff report for The Bahamas's 2009 Article IV Consultation examines economic developments and policies. The financial sector, including the offshore sector, accounts for about 20 percent of economic activity....

Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Assessing Exchange Rate Competitiveness in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Volume/Issue: 2009/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emilio Pineda , Paul Cashin , and Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872255.001

ISBN: 9781451872255

Keywords: Equilibrium real exchange rate, tourism exports, panel estimation, ECCU, exchange rate, real exchange rate, current account, current account balance,

This paper uses three methods to assess movements of real exchange rates in the ECCU over time. First, the purchasing power parity hypothesis is tested and then used to provide a benchmark for equilibrium real exch...

International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks

International Reserves and Self-Insurance against External Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 2008/149

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Régis Barnichon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870077.001

ISBN: 9781451870077

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Terms of Trade Shocks, disasters, terms of trade, trade shocks, disaster,

The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published...

Measuring the Informal Economy in Latin America and the Caribbean

Measuring the Informal Economy in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2008/102

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Guillermo Javier Vuletin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451869637.001

ISBN: 9781451869637

Keywords: Informal economy, latent variable, equation, correlation, surveys, social security schemes,

This paper estimates the size of the informal economy for 32 mainly Latin American and Caribbean countries in the early 2000s. Using a structural equation modeling approach, we find that a stringent tax system and...

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union
			: Selected Issues

Eastern Caribbean Currency Union : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2008/96

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451811728.002

ISBN: 9781451811728

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, real exchange, exchange rates, current account

This paper assesses the evolution of Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) real exchange rates over time, and examines whether the region has lost competitiveness. The main finding is that there is little evidenc...

Corporate Income Tax Competition in the Caribbean

Corporate Income Tax Competition in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2008/77

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Koffie Ben Nassar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451964776.001

ISBN: 9781451964776

Keywords: tax holidays, average effective tax rates, marginal effective tax rates, tax competition, effective tax rates, tax rate, corporate tax, capital stock,

Motivated by the concern that corporate income tax (CIT) competition may have eroded the tax base, this paper calculates average effective tax rates to measure the impact of CIT competition, including the widesprea...

The Bahamas
			: 2007 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

The Bahamas : 2007 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2008/23

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804737.002

ISBN: 9781451804737

Keywords: debt, public sector, central bank, deficit, interest

Prudent macroeconomic management, strong growth, low inflation, small fiscal deficit, and public debt have helped The Bahamas attain the highest standard of living in the Caribbean. Executive Directors supported th...

Working Together
			: Improving Regulatory Cooperation and Information Exchange

Working Together : Improving Regulatory Cooperation and Information Exchange »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 June 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064874.072

ISBN: 9781589064874

Keywords: Combating the financing of terrorism, Financial sector, International cooperation, money laundering, information exchange, jurisdiction, terrorist financing

Globalization requires enhanced information flows among financial regulators. Standard-setting bodies for financial sector regulation provide extensive guidance, but financial sector assessments have often found th...

Concept of Offshore Financial Centers
			: In Search of an Operational Definition

Concept of Offshore Financial Centers : In Search of an Operational Definition »

Volume/Issue: 2007/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed Zoromé

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866513.001

ISBN: 9781451866513

Keywords: CPIS, statistics, portfolio investment, equation, survey, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper proposes a new definition of Offshore Financial Centers (OFCs) and develops a statistical method to differentiate between OFCs and non-OFCs using data from the Coordinated Portfolio Investment Survey (CP...

The Bahamas
			: 2005 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for The Bahamas

The Bahamas : 2005 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for The Bahamas »

Volume/Issue: 2005/223

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804713.002

ISBN: 9781451804713

Keywords: debt, interest, public sector, central bank, deficit

The Bahamas's 2005 Article IV Consultation reports that the economic slowdown has contributed to deterioration in the fiscal accounts. The Bahamas is a small, open, and relatively wealthy economy, which is highly d...

The Bahamas
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

The Bahamas : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2005/224

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804720.002

ISBN: 9781451804720

Keywords: tourism expenditure, ministry of tourism, tourism demand, international monetary fund, private consumption, Bahamas,

This Selected Issues paper for The Bahamas reports that the largest portion of tourism expenditure in The Bahamas comes from stayover visitors, and total tourism spending has been stagnant. The Bahamas is a small o...

The Bahamas
			: Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision

The Bahamas : Assessment of the Supervision and Regulation of the Financial Sector-Review of Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2004/318

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804676.002

ISBN: 9781451804676

Keywords: regulations, regulation, standards, money laundering, regulatory authorities

This paper reviews Financial Sector Regulation and Supervision in The Bahamas. The assessment reveals that the overall regulatory structure in The Bahamas is complex, involves an excessive number of agencies, and p...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062184.012

ISBN: 9781589062184

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

This 2003 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Ko...

The Bahamas
			: 2003 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

The Bahamas : 2003 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2003/220

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804669.002

ISBN: 9781451804669

Keywords: debt, central bank, deficit, interest, public debt

The Bahamas showed strong performance owing to its prudent macroeconomic management. Executive Directors welcomed this step, and emphasized the need to strengthen fiscal and international reserve positions, and div...

The Bahamas
			: Statistical Appendix

The Bahamas : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2003/221

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804706.002

ISBN: 9781451804706

Keywords: central bank, commercial banks, foreign currency, current account, current account balance

This report provides the details of the IMF's projections and estimates of The Bahamas on generation and sale of electricity; central government revenue and expenditure; summary central government operations; opera...

Income Inequality and Redistributive Government Spending

Income Inequality and Redistributive Government Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2003/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451843149.001

ISBN: 9781451843149

Keywords: capital deepening, gini coefficient, dependent variable, statistics, unequal societies, social security, Welfare and Poverty: General, National Government Expenditures and Welfare Programs, Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance

The paper examines empirically the question of whether more unequal societies spend more on income redistribution than their more egalitarian counterparts. Theoretical arguments on this issue are inconclusive. The...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2002

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2002 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061255.012

ISBN: 9781589061255

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, direct investment, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

This 2002 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Ko...

Caribbean offshore Financial Centers
			: Past, Present, and Possibilities for the Future

Caribbean offshore Financial Centers : Past, Present, and Possibilities for the Future »

Volume/Issue: 2002/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Esther Suss , Oral Williams , and Chandima Mendis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851175.001

ISBN: 9781451851175

Keywords: offshore financial sectors, Financial Action Task Force, development strategies, financial services, financial institutions, offshore banks, international standards, Bahamas, Financial Institutions And Services,

The paper reviews the development of offshore financial activities in the English-speaking Caribbean islands and takes stock of the size and status of these sectors today. In view of the heightened concerns of the...

The Bahamas
			: 2001 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report and Public Information Notice

The Bahamas : 2001 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report and Public Information Notice »

Volume/Issue: 2001/154

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804690.002

ISBN: 9781451804690

Keywords: central bank, debt, interest, public sector, article

The Bahamian economy has experienced a sustained growth led by substantial inflows of foreign investment in tourism, shipping, and construction, and a steady expansion of financial services. Executive Directors com...

The Bahamas
			: Statistical Appendix

The Bahamas : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2001/153

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804652.002

ISBN: 9781451804652

Keywords: central bank, commercial banks, foreign currency, current account

This report provides the details of the IMF's projections and estimates on The Bahamas's basic data; generation and sale of electricity, value of construction starts and completions in the real sector; summary of o...

Financial System Soundness in the Caribbean
			: An Initial Assessment

Financial System Soundness in the Caribbean : An Initial Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2001/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Desiree Cherebin , Rupert Worrell , and Tracy Polius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854619.001

ISBN: 9781451854619

Keywords: banking, financial institutions, financial system, financial assets, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Bahamas,

A survey of the financial systems of Caribbean countries reveals systems dominated by banks, with services widely available. Jamaica is the only country to have experienced a financial crisis. The paper describes r...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2000 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758989.012

ISBN: 9781557758989

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, exchange control

The exchange and trade systems of IMF member countries are presented in this comprehensive volume in a tabular format. There is expanded coverage of the regulatory framework for capital movements. The information g...

The Bahamas
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

The Bahamas : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1999/106

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804683.002

ISBN: 9781451804683

Keywords: central bank, current account, discount rate, monetary policy, balance of payments, Bahamas,

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix summarizes the evolution of monetary institutions in The Bahamas. It discusses the framework in which monetary policy is conducted in the country. Following a bri...

The Bahamas
			: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

The Bahamas : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 1999/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 August 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804645.002

ISBN: 9781451804645

Keywords: central bank, balance of payments, current account, current account balance, current account deficit, Bahamas,

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that real GDP growth for The Bahamas accelerated from less than 1 percent a year in 1994-95 to 4 percent in 1996, but slowed somewhat in 1997-98 as construction work on...

Offshore Banking
			: An Analysis of Micro- and Macro-Prudential Issues

Offshore Banking : An Analysis of Micro- and Macro-Prudential Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1999/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Errico , and Alberto Musalem Borrero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451842166.001

ISBN: 9781451842166

Keywords: Offshore Banking, Cross-Border Capital Flows, Banking Problems, Financial Crises, Prudential Regulations, Banking Supervision, banking, offshore banks, consolidated supervision, supervisory authorities

The paper takes a closer look at offshore banking—a pervasive practice that has played a role in recent crises. Offshore banking is an increasingly attractive alternative to the sometimes heavily regulated f...

The Bahamas
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

The Bahamas : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1998/44

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 June 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804638.002

ISBN: 9781451804638

Keywords: central bank, foreign currency, commercial banks, current account, current account balance, Bahamas,

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1997

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1997 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756664.012

ISBN: 9781557756664

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, exchange control, forward exchange, foreign investment

This 1997 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange restrictions of individual member countries, including Hong Kong,...

The Taxation Implicit in Two-Tiered Exchange Rate Systems

The Taxation Implicit in Two-Tiered Exchange Rate Systems »

Volume/Issue: 1996/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Harry Huizinga

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854220.001

ISBN: 9781451854220

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, foreign exchange, exchange rate system, exchange rate systems

A two-tiered exchange rate system can be interpreted as a set of separate taxes on money and other financial assets. If the official two-tiered exchange rate system coexists with a black market for foreign exchange...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1996

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1996 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942712.012

ISBN: 9781451942712

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, foreign currencies, exchange rates, exchange transactions, direct investment, foreign exchange transactions

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Does the Nominal Exchange Rate Regime Matter?

Does the Nominal Exchange Rate Regime Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 1995/121

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Anne Gulde , Atish Ghosh , and Holger Wolf

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854329.001

ISBN: 9781451854329

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rate regimes, nominal exchange rate

The effect of the exchange rate regime on inflation and growth is examined. The 30-year data set includes over 100 countries and nine regime types. Pegged regimes are associated with lower inflation than intermedia...

The Bahamas
			: Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

The Bahamas : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1995/98

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451804621.002

ISBN: 9781451804621

Keywords: central bank, commercial banks, foreign currency, current account, current account balance, Bahamas,

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1995

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 1995 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451942651.012

ISBN: 9781451942651

Keywords: foreign exchange, foreign currency, exchange rate, exchange control, foreign investment, exchange rates, foreign currencies, exchange transactions, direct investment, direct investments

Published since 1950, this authoritative annual reference is based upon a unique IMF database that tracks exchange and trade arrangements for the 187 IMF member countries, along with Hong Kong SAR, Aruba, and Curaç...

Foreign Exchange Risk Regulation
			: Issues for Industrial and Developing Countries

Foreign Exchange Risk Regulation : Issues for Industrial and Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1994/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philipp Hartmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451928129.001

ISBN: 9781451928129

Keywords: foreign exchange, banking, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, capital adequacy

Capital adequacy regulations or quantity restrictions on bank portfolios put forward by the Basle Committee on Banking Supervision have virtually become an international standard of prudential regulation. Recent pr...

La deuda externa
			: Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología

La deuda externa : Definición, cobertura estadística y metodología »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1988

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780821311554.071

ISBN: 9780821311554

Este libro tiene por objeto proporcionar al usuario de estadísticas de deuda una descripción comparativa de las estadísticas recopiladas por el Banco de Pagos Internacionales, el FMI, la Organización para la Cooper...

Emerging Financial Centers Legal and institutional Framework

Emerging Financial Centers Legal and institutional Framework »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 1985

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451929911.071

ISBN: 9781451929911

Keywords: central bank, banking, credit union, national bank, monetary authority

IMF economists work closely with member countries on a variety of issues. Their unique perspective on country experiences and best practices on global macroeconomic issues are often shared in the form of books on d...

International Capital Markets
			: Developments and Prospects, 1984

International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1984 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Maxwell Watson , Peter Keller , and Donald Mathieson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 1984

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750730.084

ISBN: 9781557750730

Keywords: bond, bonds, banking, bank lending, bond issues

This paper provides a description and analysis of recent developments in international capital markets and an assessment of the prospects for private financing flows, in particular to the developing countries....

International Capital Markets
			: Developments and Prospects, 1983

International Capital Markets : Developments and Prospects, 1983 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): John Lipsky , Peter Keller , Donald Mathieson , and Richard Williams

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1983

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557750723.084

ISBN: 9781557750723

Keywords: bond, bonds, international capital markets, bond issues, international capital

This paper provides a description and analysis of recent developments in international capital (banking and bond) markets and an assessment of market conditions and prospects for financing flows, in particular...