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Barbados
			: First Review under the Extended Arrangement and Request for the Completion of the Financing Assurances Review and Modification of Performance Criteria - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Barbados

Barbados : First Review under the Extended Arrangement and Request for the Completion of the Financing Assurances Review and Modification of Performance Criteria - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2019/182

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 June 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321648.002

ISBN: 9781498321648

Keywords: Public financial management, Economic recovery, Domestic debt, Public debt, Debt sustainability, ISCR, CR, SOEs, debt restructure, CBB

First Review under the Extended Arrangement and Request for the Completion of the Financing Assurances Review and Modification of Performance Criteria - Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive D...

Barbados
			: Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Barbados

Barbados : Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2018/290

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378786.002

ISBN: 9781484378786

Keywords: Barbados

The key objectives of the program are to restore macroeconomic and debt sustainability, address falling reserves, and increase growth. The new government, which took office in late May, has committed to fiscal cons...

Short Term Inflation Determinants in Barbados

Short Term Inflation Determinants in Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2018/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gregorio Impavido

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 June 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484361580.001

ISBN: 9781484361580

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Exchange rate pegs, Western Hemisphere, Inflation, Monetary transmission mechanism, Oil prices, Barbados, monetary transmission, pegged exchange rate, capital controls

Inflation in Barbados is mainly imported. But how are external shocks transmitted to the domestic economy? Shouldn't there be also a domestic component, albeit very small, given the presence of capital controls? We...

Barbados
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Barbados

Barbados : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2018/133

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484358276.002

ISBN: 9781484358276

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Barbados

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights that Barbados' deficit declined to 4.4 percent of GDP in 2016, about of half that in 2014, owing to lower energy prices and a recovery in export earnings. The current ac...

Barbados
			: Selected Issues

Barbados : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2018/134

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484358320.002

ISBN: 9781484358320

Keywords: Barbados, Western Hemisphere

This Selected Issues paper summarizes recent development in Barbados's International Business and Financial Services (IBFS) sector and assesses the extent to which the loss of correspondent banking relationships (C...

Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean »

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315194.071

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution »

Volume/Issue: 2017/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Franz Loyola , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Inci Ötker , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326572.001

ISBN: 9781484326572

Keywords: Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica

The high level of nonperforming loans (NPLs) in the Caribbean has been, in large part, a legacy of the global financial crisis, but their persistence owes much to the weak economic recovery in the region, as well a...

Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Ötker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322154.073

ISBN: 9781484322154

Keywords: Caribbean, Eastern Caribbean Currency Union, Economic growth, Economic integration, Financial analysis, Inclusive growth, International financial cooperation, International financial markets, Regional integration, Financial integration

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean
			: Trends, Impact, and Policy Options

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean : Trends, Impact, and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2017/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320686.001

ISBN: 9781484320686

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Small states, Grenada, Haiti, Western Hemisphere

Banks across the Caribbean have lost important Correspondent Banking Relationships (CBRs). The macroeconomic impact has so far been limited, in part because banks either have multiple relationships or have been suc...

Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean
			: Engines of Growth and Macroeconomic Stabilizers?

Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean : Engines of Growth and Macroeconomic Stabilizers? »

Volume/Issue: 2017/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Svetlana Cerovic , Misael Galdamez , Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov , Franz Loyola , Zsoka Koczan , Bogdan Lissovolik , Jan Martijn , Yulia Ustyugova , and Joyce Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303641.001

ISBN: 9781484303641

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Costa Rica, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Belize, El Salvador

Outward migration has been an important phenomenon for countries in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC), particularly those in Central America and the Caribbean. This paper examines recent trends in outward migr...

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability
			: The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability : The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed El-Ashram

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302453.001

ISBN: 9781484302453

Keywords: Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Bahamas, The, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Jamaica, Barbados

The question of how scaling up public investment could affect fiscal and debt sustainability is key for countries needing to fill infrastructure gaps and build resilience. This paper proposes a bottom-up approach t...

Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean
			: Challenges, Achievements, and Next Steps

Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean : Challenges, Achievements, and Next Steps »

Volume/Issue: 2017/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephane Schlotterbeck

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475592610.001

ISBN: 9781475592610

Keywords: Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Western Hemisphere

Over the past decade, governments in the Caribbean region have introduced the value-added tax (VAT) to modernize their tax system, rapidly mobilize revenue and reduce budget deficits. This paper analyzes VAT perfor...

Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean

Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Alexander Klemm , Sumiko Ogawa , Marco Pani , and Claudio Visconti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589597.001

ISBN: 9781475589597

Keywords: Bahamas, The, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere

Many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean now publish financial stability reports. This study reviews their latest issues to assess their content, quality, and transparency. While some reports provide a str...

Cluster Report
			: Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean

Cluster Report : Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475586015.002

ISBN: 9781475586015

Keywords: Puerto Rico, Suriname, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica

This Cluster Report explores opportunities for trade integration in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. It finds that the region can reap significant growth benefits from further trade integration. With tra...

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Koffie Ben Nassar , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Mike Li , Timothy Robinson , and Saji Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545432.001

ISBN: 9781475545432

Keywords: Jamaica, Insurance, Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Barbados, Bahamas, The, Asia and Pacific, Aging

Weighed down by population aging, slow economic growth, and high unemployment, National Insurance Schemes in the Caribbean are projected to run substantial deficits and deplete their assets in the next decades, rai...

Gone with the Wind
			: Estimating Hurricane and Climate Change Costs in the Caribbean

Gone with the Wind : Estimating Hurricane and Climate Change Costs in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/199

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Acevedo Mejia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475544763.001

ISBN: 9781475544763

Keywords: Hurricane, tropical cyclone, climate change, climate impact, Caribbean.

This paper studies the economic costs of hurricanes in the Caribbean by constructing a novel dataset that combines a detailed record of tropical cyclones' characteristics with reported damages. I estimate the relat...

The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy in Small Open Economies
			: An Empirical Investigation

The Effectiveness of Monetary Policy in Small Open Economies : An Empirical Investigation »

Volume/Issue: 2016/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Keyra Primus

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536874.001

ISBN: 9781475536874

Keywords: Reserve Requirements, Macroeconometric Model, Small Open Economies

This paper examines the relative effectiveness of the use of indirect and direct monetary policy instruments in Barbados, Jamaica and Trinidad and Tobago, by estimating a restricted Vector Autoregressive model with...

Highways to Heaven
			: Infrastructure Determinants and Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean

Highways to Heaven : Infrastructure Determinants and Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , Alfredo Cuevas , Carlos Góes , Izabela Karpowicz , Troy Matheson , Issouf Samaké , and Svetlana Vtyurina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536744.001

ISBN: 9781475536744

Keywords: Latin America and the Caribbean, infrastructure, public investment, investment efficiency, public-private partnerships.

Inadequate infrastructure has been widely viewed as a principal barrier to growth and development in Latin America and the Caribbean. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of infrastructure in the region and...

Barbados
			: Selected Issues

Barbados : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475530360.002

ISBN: 9781475530360

This Selected Issues paper discusses data issues and postcrisis growth in Barbados. An analysis of the data on Barbados shows very clear inconsistencies among the various measures of economic development. Although...

Barbados
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Barbados

Barbados : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2016/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475530353.002

ISBN: 9781475530353

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of Barbados appears to have turned a corner with a pickup in activity. Real GDP grew by 0.8 percent in 2015, underpinned by an increase in private inves...

Structural Reform and Growth
			: What Really Matters? Evidence from the Caribbean

Structural Reform and Growth : What Really Matters? Evidence from the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Greenidge , Meredith McIntyre , and Hanlei Yun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484321812.001

ISBN: 9781484321812

Keywords: Structural Reform, Institutional Quality, Small States

Since the 1980's with the introduction of IMF/WB adjustment programs structural reforms have been a core part of the reform agenda in the Caribbean. The paper reviewed the package of structural reforms in trade lib...

Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental
			: Ajustando bajo presión

Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513540610.086

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

....

Perspectivas económicas, abril de 2015: Las Américas,
			: El Norte se recupera, el Sur aún espera

Perspectivas económicas, abril de 2015: Las Américas, : El Norte se recupera, el Sur aún espera »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484318768.086

ISBN: 9781484318768

Keywords: América Latina; exportadores de materias primas; economías que dependen del turismo; América Central y la República Dominicana; economía finacieramente integradas

Perspectivas económicas: Las Américas, abril de 2015...

Revisiting Tourism Flows to the Caribbean
			: What is Driving Arrivals?

Revisiting Tourism Flows to the Caribbean : What is Driving Arrivals? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicole Laframboise , Nkunde Mwase , Joonkyu Park , and Yingke Zhou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498351560.001

ISBN: 9781498351560

Keywords: income elasticity, Carribean, tourism arrivals, expenditure, tourist, destinations, hotels, hotel, Models with Panel Data, tourism arrivals and expenditure,

The Caribbean share of the global tourism market has been declining. This study examines what is driving tourism flows. It estimates the determinants of tourism and explores variations based on sample differences,...

Labor Market Issues in the Caribbean
			: Scope to Mobilize Employment Growth

Labor Market Issues in the Caribbean : Scope to Mobilize Employment Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2014/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magda Kandil , Genevieve Lindow , Mario Mansilla , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Jochen M. Schmittmann , Qiaoe Chen , Xin Li , Marika Santoro , and Solomon Stavis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498387804.001

ISBN: 9781498387804

Keywords: labor market, macro policies, structural reforms, employment growth, unemployment rate, Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure, Public Policy,

The paper examines the determinants of employment growth, drawing on data available across a sample of Caribbean countries. To that end, the paper analyzes estimates of the employment-output elasticity and the resp...

Perspectivas económicas regionales, abril de 2014: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental

Perspectivas económicas regionales, abril de 2014: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 April 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484346129.086

ISBN: 9781484346129

Los cinco informes sobre las perspectivas económicas regionales (informes REO) que el FMI publica semestralmente abarcan Asia y el Pacífico, Europa, Oriente Medio y Asia Central, África sub-sahariana y las Américas...

Barbados
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Barbados : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2014/53

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484300404.002

ISBN: 9781484300404

Keywords: Barbados, banking, capital adequacy, credit union, sovereign risk, deposit insurance

This report evaluates the stability of the financial system in Barbados. The findings reveal that Barbados has a relatively well developed financial system, including a large offshore sector. The onshore system is...

Barbados
			: Staff Report for 2013 Article IV Consultation

Barbados : Staff Report for 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/52

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475557077.002

ISBN: 9781475557077

Keywords: Barbados, current account, central bank, public debt, external debt, balance of payments

This 2013 Article IV consultation highlights Barbados' weak economic performance and high public debt. Foreign reserves are under pressure as fiscal and external imbalances widened in 2012 and further in 2013. Reco...

Financial Interconnectedness and Financial Sector Reforms in the Caribbean

Financial Interconnectedness and Financial Sector Reforms in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2013/175

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sumiko Ogawa , Joonkyu Park , Diva Singh , and Nita Thacker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484307830.001

ISBN: 9781484307830

Keywords: financial interconnectedness, financial sector in the Caribbean region, regulatory and supervision system, banking, banking sector, consolidated supervision, deposit insurance, banking system, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, BUS069020

Financial sector linkages have increased continuously in the Caribbean with cross border capital flows and financial conglomerates dominating the financial system. While the greater interconnectedness can heighten...

Too Cold, Too Hot, or Just Right? Assessing Financial Sector Development Across the Globe

Too Cold, Too Hot, or Just Right? Assessing Financial Sector Development Across the Globe »

Volume/Issue: 2013/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Thorsten Beck , Era Dabla-Norris , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351086.001

ISBN: 9781484351086

Keywords: Financial Development, Financial Sector Policies, Benchmarking, financial system, financial systems, financial sector, financial reform, stock market, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, Monetary Policy (Targets

This paper introduces the concept of the financial possibility frontier as a constrained optimum level of financial development to gauge the relative performance of financial systems across the globe. This frontier...

The Challenges of Fiscal Consolidation and Debt Reduction in the Caribbean

The Challenges of Fiscal Consolidation and Debt Reduction in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2012/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey , Machiko Narita , Garth Peron Nicholls , and Joel Chiedu Okwuokei

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 November 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754967.001

ISBN: 9781557754967

Keywords: public debt, fiscal consolidation efforts, fiscal performance, fiscal adjustment, Forecasts of Budgets, Deficits, and Debt,

This paper examines debt dynamics in the Caribbean and discusses policy options for reducing the high debt levels. Based on empirical studies of factors underlying global large debt reduction episodes, important po...

Caribbean Growth in an International Perspective
			: The Role of Tourism and Size

Caribbean Growth in an International Perspective : The Role of Tourism and Size »

Volume/Issue: 2012/235

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nita Thacker , Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , and Roberto Perrelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475510898.001

ISBN: 9781475510898

Keywords: size, growth, tfp, growth accounting, gdp growth, Models with Panel Data, General,

After earlier success, growth performance in most Caribbean countries has been disappointing since the early 1990s. With slower growth, output has fallen behind that of relevant comparator countries. This paper ana...

Threshold Effects of Sovereign Debt
			: Evidence From the Caribbean

Threshold Effects of Sovereign Debt : Evidence From the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2012/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lisa Drakes , Chrystol Thomas , Roland Craigwell , and Kevin Greenidge

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475504507.001

ISBN: 9781475504507

Keywords: Debt Threshold, Panel Data, Threshold Regressions, external debt, real gdp

This paper addresses the issue of threshold effects between public debt and economic growth in the Caribbean. The main finding is that there exists a threshold debt to gross domestic product (GDP) ratio of 55-56 pe...

Barbados
			: Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation

Barbados : Staff Report for the 2011 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2012/7

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463932497.002

ISBN: 9781463932497

Keywords: public debt, current account, external debt, public sector debt, central bank

This 2011 Article IV Consultation highlights that the difficult global economic conditions continue to hit Barbados with growth at anemic levels. The current account deficit has widened in recent times owing to hig...

Barbados
			: Sectoral Balance Sheet Mismatches and Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities

Barbados : Sectoral Balance Sheet Mismatches and Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities »

Volume/Issue: 2012/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Amo Yartey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463933166.001

ISBN: 9781463933166

Keywords: Net financial position, net foreign currency position, domestic currency, central bank, financial assets, financial system, International Finance: General, International Lending and Debt Problems, Barbados: Sectoral Balance Sheet Mismatches And Macroeconomic Vulnerabilities,

This paper uses the balance sheet approach to analyze macroeconomic vulnerabilities in Barbados between 2006 and 2009. It discusses the financial position of the economy and its main sectors and the sectors' exposu...

Trinidad and Tobago
			: Selected Issues

Trinidad and Tobago : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2011/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455228119.002

ISBN: 9781455228119

Keywords: life insurance, insurance companies, policyholders, insurance products

In this study, the economic developments and policy responses of Trinidad and Tobago after the crisis is reviewed. Policy recommendations are used to strengthen the legal and regulatory framework. According to the...

Barbados
			: 2010 Article IV Consultation-Selected Issues

Barbados : 2010 Article IV Consultation-Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2010/364

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455212842.002

ISBN: 9781455212842

Keywords: central bank, debt, international monetary fund, labor force

The short-term recovery of the Barbados economy will critically depend on the rebound of demand for its services in its traditional markets. As a small tourist-dependent economy with a fixed exchange rate and volat...

Barbados
			: 2010 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Barbados : 2010 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2010/363

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455212859.002

ISBN: 9781455212859

Keywords: debt, interest, public sector, external debt, public debt

The global crisis has hit Barbados front and center. The broad economic weakness has hurt the labor market, while inflation remains stubbornly elevated. The major challenge ahead is to put public debt on a steady d...

Barbados
			: 2009 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on its Consideration by the Executive Board

Barbados : 2009 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on its Consideration by the Executive Board »

Volume/Issue: 2009/291

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806120.002

ISBN: 9781451806120

Keywords: debt, interest, public sector, external debt, deficit

Barbados has some of the highest social and competitiveness indicators in the region and enjoys investment-grade rating on its sovereign bonds. The staff report for Barbados's 2009 Article IV Consultation highlight...

ECCU Business Cycles
			: Impact of the U.S.

ECCU Business Cycles : Impact of the U.S. »

Volume/Issue: 2009/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Sun , and Wendell Samuel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451872187.001

ISBN: 9781451872187

Keywords: linkages, common, cointegration, equation, correlation, statistic,

With a fixed peg to the U.S. dollar for more than three decades, the tourism-dependent Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) countries share a close economic relationship with the U.S. This paper analyzes the imp...

Barbados
			: Financial System Stability Assessment:  Update, including Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes on the following topics:  Banking Supervision and Securities Regulation

Barbados : Financial System Stability Assessment: Update, including Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes on the following topics: Banking Supervision and Securities Regulation »

Volume/Issue: 2009/64

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806113.002

ISBN: 9781451806113

Keywords: banking, financial institutions, deposit insurance, financial system, financial sector

This paper presents Barbados's Financial System Stability Assessment Update as part of the Financial Sector Assessment Program Update. The domestic banking sector appears sound and profitable and continues to domin...

Barbados
			: Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes:  FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Barbados : Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes: FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2009/19

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 January 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806106.002

ISBN: 9781451806106

Keywords: money laundering, law enforcement, terrorist financing, terrorist, legal assistance

This report focuses on the observance of standards and codes for the Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF-40) recommendations for antimoney laundering (AML) and nine special recommendations on comb...

Barbados
			: 2008 Article IV Consultation:  Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Barbados : 2008 Article IV Consultation: Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2008/295

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 August 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806090.002

ISBN: 9781451806090

Keywords: debt, interest, public sector, public debt, external debt

Barbados's 2008 Article IV Consultation is focused on policies to balance the conflicting risks to inflation, growth, and medium-term sustainability. Although the government has maintained some policy space by post...

Stressing to Breaking Point
			: Interpreting Stress Test Results

Stressing to Breaking Point : Interpreting Stress Test Results »

Volume/Issue: 2008/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rupert Worrell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451870060.001

ISBN: 9781451870060

Keywords: Stress test, financial risk assessment, capital adequacy, capital adequacy ratio, banking, banking system, capital inflow,

This paper illustrates how stress tests of banking systems may be designed to evaluate banks' reaction to shocks of increasing intensity, up to the point where regulatory norms are breached, or banks become insolve...

External Tariff Liberalization in CARICOM
			: A Commodity-Level Analysis

External Tariff Liberalization in CARICOM : A Commodity-Level Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2008/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Azim Sadikov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451868951.001

ISBN: 9781451868951

Keywords: external tariff, CARICOM, tariff rate, tariff rates, member imports,

This paper estimates the impact of the tariff liberalization in four largest CARICOM countries (Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago) on their trade flows. I trace changes in the product-line imports...

Barbados
			: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes:  Fiscal Transparency Module

Barbados : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: Fiscal Transparency Module »

Volume/Issue: 2007/338

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806083.002

ISBN: 9781451806083

Keywords: budget estimates, fiscal activities, budget process, extrabudgetary funds

This Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes assesses Fiscal Transparency for Barbados. The report reveals that Barbados has a number of good practices on fiscal transparency including a legal requirement t...

Barbados
			: 2007 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Barbados : 2007 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2007/315

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806076.002

ISBN: 9781451806076

Keywords: debt, public sector, interest, deficit

This 2007 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of Barbados has been growing at a solid pace, and the outlook for 2007 is generally favorable. Robust output growth of about 4 percent is expected to co...

Colonial Origins, Institutions and Economic Performance in the Caribbean
			: Guyana and Barbados

Colonial Origins, Institutions and Economic Performance in the Caribbean : Guyana and Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2007/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael DaCosta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451866070.001

ISBN: 9781451866070

Keywords: Caribbean, Guyana, Barbados, Institutions, Economic History, elections, labour, political parties, election, labor force

The countries that were once British colonies in the Caribbean share a common language and a colonial history of slavery, dominance of a plantation-based sugar industry, and broadly similar government and administr...

A Small Foreign Exchange Market with a Long-Term Peg
			: Barbados

A Small Foreign Exchange Market with a Long-Term Peg : Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2006/245

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Travis Mitchell , Roland Craigwell , and Rupert Worrell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865059.001

ISBN: 9781451865059

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange market, exchange rate changes, foreign exchange transactions, Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper is a first analysis of daily transactions in the foreign exchange market of Barbados, a small open economy that has had an unchanged peg to the U.S. dollar for over 30 years. As a result of the credibili...

Barbados
			: 2006 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Barbados : 2006 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion »

Volume/Issue: 2006/323

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806069.002

ISBN: 9781451806069

Keywords: debt, interest, public sector, deficit, central bank

Barbados' economy continued to grow, but macroeconomic imbalances worsened. Executive Directors observed that the imbalances are owed to a procyclical fiscal stance, and advised to tighten monetary policy and safeg...

The Monetary Policy Regime and Banking Spreads in Barbados

The Monetary Policy Regime and Banking Spreads in Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2006/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Valderrama , and Wendell Samuel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451864717.001

ISBN: 9781451864717

Keywords: Interest rate spreads, Monetary policy regime, bank spreads, banking, bank size, deposit rate, financial intermediation, Market Structure and Pricing: Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection,

The paper analyzes the determinants of banking spreads in Barbados, with a view to identifying the role of the monetary policy regime in explaining high spreads. The paper finds that interest rate spreads for Barba...

Trade, Inequality, and the Political Economy of Institutions

Trade, Inequality, and the Political Economy of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2006/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko , and Quý Toàn Ðo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451863161.001

ISBN: 9781451863161

Keywords: heterogeneous firms, institutions, political power, institutional quality, trade opening, competition effect, Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies, Other Economic Systems: Other,

We analyze the relationship between international trade and the quality of economic institutions, such as contract enforcement, rule of law, and property rights. In our model, firms differ in their preferences for...

Barbados
			: Staff Report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation

Barbados : Staff Report for the 2005 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2005/297

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806052.002

ISBN: 9781451806052

Keywords: debt, public sector, interest, deficit, public debt

This 2005 Article IV Consultation highlights that Barbados compares favorably with other Caribbean countries on economic and social indicators. The economy is heavily dependent on tourism and financial services. Th...

Quantitative Assessment of a Financial System-Barbados

Quantitative Assessment of a Financial System-Barbados »

Volume/Issue: 2005/76

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451860955.001

ISBN: 9781451860955

Keywords: banking, financial system, financial sector, banking system, bank profitability, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

A banking system module is incorporated into the Central Bank of Barbados's multisectoral macroeconomic forecasting model, and a medium-term forecast is generated for bank capitalization, profitability, liquidity a...

Barbados
			: Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation

Barbados : Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2004/154

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806038.002

ISBN: 9781451806038

Keywords: debt, deficit, public sector, interest, central bank

This 2004 Article IV Consultation highlights that Barbados's economy has recovered partially from the 2001-02 recession, as real GDP grew by an estimated 2 percent in 2003, led by a recovery in the tourism sector....

Barbados
			: Statistical Appendix

Barbados : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2004/153

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 May 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805994.002

ISBN: 9781451805994

Keywords: bds, credit, payments, shares, current account

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Economic Resilience with An Exchange Rate Peg
			: The Barbados Experience, 1985-2000

Economic Resilience with An Exchange Rate Peg : The Barbados Experience, 1985-2000 »

Volume/Issue: 2003/168

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roland Craigwell , Kevin Greenidge , Harold Codrington , and Rupert Worrell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451858280.001

ISBN: 9781451858280

Keywords: Exchange rate, central bank, inflation, foreign exchange reserves,

This paper discusses the institutional arrangements for exchange rate targeting in Barbados and the critical role they played in the policy response to its balance of payments crisis of 1991-92. The framework featu...

Barbados
			: Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation

Barbados : Staff Report for the 2002 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2003/44

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806021.002

ISBN: 9781451806021

Keywords: debt, public sector, interest, deficit, interest rate

This 2002 Article IV Consultation highlights that eight consecutive years of growth in Barbados ended in 2001 as real GDP contracted by 2¾ percent, owing mainly to the adverse impact on tourism of the global econom...

Barbados
			: Statistical Appendix

Barbados : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2003/45

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 March 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806045.002

ISBN: 9781451806045

Keywords: expenditure, credit, capital expenditure, shares, prices

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Barbados
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Barbados : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2003/35

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805987.002

ISBN: 9781451805987

Keywords: central bank, financial institutions, commercial banks, credit unions, financial policies

This paper presents key findings of the Financial System Stability Assessment for Barbados, including Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes on Monetary and Financial Policy Transparency, Banking Supervis...

A Currency Union for the Caribbean

A Currency Union for the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2003/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rupert Worrell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451845372.001

ISBN: 9781451845372

Keywords: Caribbean, Dollarization, Economic integration, Monetary unions, Currency Board, exchange rate, exchange rate changes, exchange rates, monetary union, foreign exchange

The experiences of Caribbean Economic Community countries show that exchange rate depreciation in these countries is inflationary, and that, while changes in the relative prices of tradables may affect exports, tou...

Trade and Integration in the Caribbean

Trade and Integration in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2002/148

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philippe Egoume Bossogo , and Chandima Mendis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451856835.001

ISBN: 9781451856835

Keywords: integration, gravity model, dummy variable, equation, trade liberalization, bilateral trade, average trade, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Bahamas,

This paper analyzes trade in the Caribbean community (CARICOM) using a gravity model framework. The paper seeks to shed light on the dynamics of trade among CARICOM member countries, as well with the rest of world...

Financial System Soundness in the Caribbean
			: An Initial Assessment

Financial System Soundness in the Caribbean : An Initial Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2001/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Desiree Cherebin , Rupert Worrell , and Tracy Polius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451854619.001

ISBN: 9781451854619

Keywords: banking, financial institutions, financial system, financial assets, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Bahamas,

A survey of the financial systems of Caribbean countries reveals systems dominated by banks, with services widely available. Jamaica is the only country to have experienced a financial crisis. The paper describes r...

Barbados
			: Statistical Appendix

Barbados : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2000/161

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806014.002

ISBN: 9781451806014

Keywords: deficit, central bank, public sector, interest, national insurance

In this paper, the following statistical data are presented in detail: national accounts at current prices, index of industrial production, selected sugar statistics, tourism statistics, retail labor index, wage in...

Barbados
			: Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation

Barbados : Staff Report for the 2000 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2000/158

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 December 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805970.002

ISBN: 9781451805970

Keywords: debt, public sector, central bank, deficit, public enterprises

Barbados has a stable political system, and there is long-standing public consensus on key economic policies, including a fixed exchange rate with the U.S. dollar supported by prudent fiscal and wage policies. Owin...

Caribbean Approaches to Economic Stabilization

Caribbean Approaches to Economic Stabilization »

Volume/Issue: 2000/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451849455.001

ISBN: 9781451849455

Keywords: stabilization, exchange rate, debt, interest, taxes, payments

In the late 1980s Barbados, Guyana, Jamaica, and Trinidad and Tobago found themselves in severe economic difficulties. Their ensuing economic strategies were all market-based, featured fiscal contraction and trade...

Monetary and Fiscal Coordination in Small Open Economies

Monetary and Fiscal Coordination in Small Open Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2000/56

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rupert Worrell

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847697.001

ISBN: 9781451847697

Keywords: Central Bank Independence, central bank, inflation, low inflation, monetary policies

This paper is concerned with the design of institutional arrangements for low inflation in small open economies. In the real world of information asymmetries, uncertain expectations and changeable preferences, it i...

Barbados
			: Statistical Appendix

Barbados : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1999/144

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451806007.002

ISBN: 9781451806007

Keywords: expenditure, credit, capital expenditure, shares, share capital

In this paper, the following statistical data are presented in detail: index of industrial production, selected sugar statistics, retail price index, nominal wage index, central government operations and transfers,...

Barbados
			: Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation

Barbados : Staff Report for the 1999 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 1999/142

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 December 1999

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805963.002

ISBN: 9781451805963

Keywords: wage, central bank, current account, balance of payments, current account deficit

This 1999 Article IV Consultation highlights that since the early 1990s, Barbados has been experiencing steady economic growth founded on prudent economic management and generally favorable external conditions. Eco...

Barbados
			: Recent Economic Developments

Barbados : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1998/23

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805956.002

ISBN: 9781451805956

Keywords: credit, wage, benefits, payments, prices

This paper reviews economic developments in Barbados during the 1990s. Economic activity declined during 1990-92 but began to recover in 1993. The recovery started slowly in 1993, but picked up in 1994, and real GD...

Barbados
			: Statistical Appendix

Barbados : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 1996/138

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805949.002

ISBN: 9781451805949

Keywords: credit, central bank, domestic financing, current account, shares

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Barbados
			: Recent Economic Developments

Barbados : Recent Economic Developments »

Volume/Issue: 1995/32

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451805932.002

ISBN: 9781451805932

Keywords: credit, payments, prices, direct tax, tax system

This report reviews economic developments in Barbados during the 1990s. To stem the economic decline, in April 1991, the government tightened fiscal policy. Measures were announced to cut the central government ove...

Voluntary Debt Reduction
			: Incentives and Welfare

Voluntary Debt Reduction : Incentives and Welfare »

Volume/Issue: 1988/97

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 1988

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451949353.001

ISBN: 9781451949353

Keywords: growth rate, external debt, domestic saving, gnp, economic growth

This paper provides empirical evidence on the determinants of long-term growth performance in a sample of 55 developing countries grouped by income levels. The evidence indicates that a model incorporating the savi...

Finance & Development, March 1979

Finance & Development, March 1979 »

Volume/Issue: 16/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1979

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616353360.022

ISBN: 9781616353360

Keywords: capital markets, access to capital markets, primary school, teacher training, primary education

This paper focuses on the Fourth Annual Review of Project Performance Audit Results. The paper highlights that the purpose of the Review is to provide lessons of experience relevant to the World Bank's current prac...