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Riding the Storm: Fiscal Sustainability in the Caribbean

Riding the Storm: Fiscal Sustainability in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2020/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and Vibha Nanda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526362.001

ISBN: 9781513526362

Keywords: Financial statistics, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Deficit financing, Financial crises, Debt sustainability, fiscal reaction function, fiscal solvency, WP, debt-to-GDP ratio

Fiscal sustainability remains a paramount challenge for small economies with high debt and greater vulnerability to climate change. This paper applies the model-based sustainability test for fiscal policy in a pane...

Riding the Storm: Fiscal Sustainability in the Caribbean

Riding the Storm: Fiscal Sustainability in the Caribbean »

Source: Riding the Storm: Fiscal Sustainability in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2020/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and Vibha Nanda

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 January 2020

ISBN: 9781513526362

Keywords: Financial statistics, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Deficit financing, Financial crises, Debt sustainability, fiscal reaction function, fiscal solvency, WP, debt-to-GDP ratio

Fiscal sustainability remains a paramount challenge for small economies with high debt and greater vulnerability to climate change. This paper applies the model-based sustainability test for fiscal policy in a pane...

Government Wage Bill Management and Civil Service Reform in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Government Wage Bill Management and Civil Service Reform in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Government Wage Bill Management and Civil Service Reform in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2019/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. E. Wayne Mitchell , Ronald James , and Ann Marie Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

ISBN: 9781498304214

Keywords: Cost of living, Wage bill, Public sector wages, Social safety nets, Civil service census, Public Wage Bill, Fiscal Sustainability, Employment, Institutional Reforms, ECCU

In this study, we assess the size of the government wage bill and employment in the member countries of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and their implications for fiscal sustainability and the adequacy of publ...

Government Wage Bill Management and Civil Service Reform in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Government Wage Bill Management and Civil Service Reform in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Volume/Issue: 2019/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): A. E. Wayne Mitchell , Ronald James , and Ann Marie Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304214.001

ISBN: 9781498304214

Keywords: Cost of living, Wage bill, Public sector wages, Social safety nets, Civil service census, Public Wage Bill, Fiscal Sustainability, Employment, Institutional Reforms, ECCU

In this study, we assess the size of the government wage bill and employment in the member countries of the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union and their implications for fiscal sustainability and the adequacy of publ...

Chapter 6 Intervention under Inflation Targeting

Chapter 6 Intervention under Inflation Targeting »

Source: Excerpt: Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2019

ISBN: FXILAEAEX

Keywords: Central banks, Exchange policy, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, inflation-targeting;central bank;inflation target;inflation expectation;intervention policy

This chapter takes a close look at the experience with intervention under inflation- targeting frameworks in Latin America. In particular, it discusses the challenge...

Chapter 1 Introduction: Book in Brief

Chapter 1 Introduction: Book in Brief »

Source: Excerpt: Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2019

ISBN: FXILAEAEX

Keywords: Central banks, Exchange policy, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, inflation-targeting;central bank;inflation target;inflation expectation;intervention policy

There is a growing interest in the use of foreign exchange intervention as a policy tool, particularly in emerging markets. Yet our understanding of many aspects of foreign exchange...

Excerpt: Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America

Excerpt: Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/FXILAEAEX.073

ISBN: FXILAEAEX

Keywords: Central banks, Exchange policy, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, inflation-targeting;central bank;inflation target;inflation expectation;intervention policy

Foreign exchange intervention is widely used as a policy tool, particularly in emerging markets, but many facets of this tool remain limited, especially in the context of flexible exchange rate regimes. The Latin...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt: Foreign Exchange Intervention in Inflation Targeters in Latin America

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 January 2019

ISBN: FXILAEAEX

Keywords: Central banks, Exchange policy, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy, Inflation targeting, inflation-targeting;central bank;inflation target;inflation expectation;intervention policy

Foreign exchange intervention is widely used as a policy tool, particularly in emerging markets, but many facets of this tool remain limited, especially in the context of flexible exchange rate regimes. The Latin...

1. A Synchronized Global Upturn and the Outlook for the United States and Canada

1. A Synchronized Global Upturn and the Outlook for the United States and Canada »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339879

The world economy and global trade are experiencing a broad-based cyclical upswing. Since October 2017, global growth outcomes and the outlook for 2018–19 have improved across all regions, reinf...

Country Groups and Country Abbreviations

Country Groups and Country Abbreviations »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339879

Country Groups CAPDR Caribbean Commodity Exp...

3. Credibilidad, comunicación y prociclicidad de la política monetaria en América Latina

3. Credibilidad, comunicación y prociclicidad de la política monetaria en América Latina »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484348925

El efecto inflacionario de una depreciación importante y persistente del tipo de cambio ha llevado a reexaminar las respuestas de política monetaria de los bancos centrales de América Latina tra...

3. Credibility, Communication, and Monetary Policy Procyclicality in Latin America

3. Credibility, Communication, and Monetary Policy Procyclicality in Latin America »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339879

The inflationary impact of large and persistent exchange rate depreciation has prompted a reexamination of the monetary policy response of central banks in Latin America in the face of large ext...

4. Fiscal Multipliers: How Will Consolidation Affect Latin America and the Caribbean?

4. Fiscal Multipliers: How Will Consolidation Affect Latin America and the Caribbean? »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339879

Lower global commodity prices, slower growth, and the past use of expansionary policies have contributed to rising public debt in many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, precipitating...

4. Multiplicadores fiscales: El impacto de la consolidación en América Latina y el Caribe

4. Multiplicadores fiscales: El impacto de la consolidación en América Latina y el Caribe »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484348925

Los menores precios de las materias primas, el crecimiento más lento y el uso de políticas expansivas han contribuido al aumento de la deuda pública en muchos países de América Latina y el Carib...

2. Outlook for Latin America and the Caribbean: The Right Policy Mix for Sustaining the Recovery

2. Outlook for Latin America and the Caribbean: The Right Policy Mix for Sustaining the Recovery »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339879

Following a contraction in 2016, growth in Latin America and the Caribbean turned positive in 2017, owing to both a favorable external environment and improving domestic conditions. Growth is ex...

2. Perspectivas para América Latina y el Caribe: La combinación adecuada de políticas para sustentar la recuperación

2. Perspectivas para América Latina y el Caribe: La combinación adecuada de políticas para sustentar la recuperación »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484348925

Tras sufrir una contracción en 2016, el crecimiento en América Latina y el Caribe retornó a terreno positivo en 2017, gracias a un favorable entorno externo y mejoras en las condiciones internas...

5. Pobreza y desigualdad en América Latina: Avances durante el boom de las materias primas, pero perspectivas inciertas

5. Pobreza y desigualdad en América Latina: Avances durante el boom de las materias primas, pero perspectivas inciertas »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484348925

América Latina ha logrado avances impresionantes en la reducción de la desigualdad y la pobreza desde el inicio del siglo, pero sigue siendo la región más desigual del mundo. Los avances fueron...

5. Poverty and Inequality in Latin America: Gains during the Commodity Boom but an Uncertain Outlook

5. Poverty and Inequality in Latin America: Gains during the Commodity Boom but an Uncertain Outlook »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339879

Latin America has made impressive progress in reducing inequality and poverty since the turn of the century, although it remains the most unequal region in the world. The declines in inequality...

Publications from the Western Hemisphere Department, April 2017–March 2018

Publications from the Western Hemisphere Department, April 2017–March 2018 »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339879

Departmental Paper No. 18/05 Growing Pains: Is Latin America Prepared for Population Aging? Lorenzo Figliuoli; Valentina Flamini; Rosalind Mo...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department
			: Seizing the Momentum

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339879.086

ISBN: 9781484339879

The world economy and global trade are experiencing a broad-based cyclical upswing. Since October 2017, global growth outcomes and the outlook for 2018-19 have improved across all regions, reinforced by the expecte...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department
			: Seizing the Momentum

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484348925.086

ISBN: 9781484348925

The world economy and global trade are experiencing a broad-based cyclical upswing. Since October 2017, global growth outcomes and the outlook for 2018-19 have improved across all regions, reinforced by the expecte...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484348925

The world economy and global trade are experiencing a broad-based cyclical upswing. Since October 2017, global growth outcomes and the outlook for 2018-19 have improved across all regions, reinforced by the expecte...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

ISBN: 9781484339879

The world economy and global trade are experiencing a broad-based cyclical upswing. Since October 2017, global growth outcomes and the outlook for 2018-19 have improved across all regions, reinforced by the expecte...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484348925

The world economy and global trade are experiencing a broad-based cyclical upswing. Since October 2017, global growth outcomes and the outlook for 2018-19 have improved across all regions, reinforced by the expecte...

1. Un repunte generalizado del crecimiento a escala mundial y perspectivas para Estados Unidos y Canadá

1. Un repunte generalizado del crecimiento a escala mundial y perspectivas para Estados Unidos y Canadá »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Western Hemisphere Department : Seizing the Momentum

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 May 2018

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781484348925

La economía mundial y el comercio internacional están experimentando una expansión cíclica generalizada. Desde octubre de 2017, la evolución del crecimiento mundial y las perspectivas para 2018–...

Monetary Policy Transmission in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Monetary Policy Transmission in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Volume/Issue: 2018/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alla Myrvoda , and Julien Reynaud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484348291.001

ISBN: 9781484348291

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Western Hemisphere, monetary policy transmission; interest rate pass-through; ECCU, monetary policy transmission

This paper empirically investigates international and domestic monetary policy transmission mechanisms in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU). We assess interest rate pass-through of both the U.S. policy ra...

Monetary Policy Transmission in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Monetary Policy Transmission in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Monetary Policy Transmission in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2018/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alla Myrvoda , and Julien Reynaud

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484348291

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Grenada, Western Hemisphere, monetary policy transmission; interest rate pass-through; ECCU, monetary policy transmission

This paper empirically investigates international and domestic monetary policy transmission mechanisms in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU). We assess interest rate pass-through of both the U.S. policy ra...

Chapter 3. Caribbean Tourism in the Global Marketplace: Trends, Drivers, and Challenges

Chapter 3. Caribbean Tourism in the Global Marketplace: Trends, Drivers, and Challenges »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction The Caribbean region is highly dependent on tourism. The role of tourism in economic activity in the region increased steadily following the dismantling of the system of...

Chapter 4. Cuba Awakening: Potential Risks and Opportunities

Chapter 4. Cuba Awakening: Potential Risks and Opportunities »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction The growth of Caribbean tourism other than to Cuba is partly a post–Cuban revolution phenomenon. After the Cuban revolution in 1959, U.S. travel restrictions in 1963 clo...

Chapter 8. Debt Restructuring in the Caribbean—The Recent Experience

Chapter 8. Debt Restructuring in the Caribbean—The Recent Experience »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction Many economies in the Caribbean region have been caught in a low growth–high debt trap for decades. Debt has been built up over the years through large fiscal deficits,...

Chapter 14. Emigration and Remittances in the Caribbean

Chapter 14. Emigration and Remittances in the Caribbean »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction Outward migration has been an important phenomenon for countries in the Caribbean, where emigrants account for more than 20 percent of the region’s population, compared...

Chapter 13. Energy Diversification: Macro-Related Challenges

Chapter 13. Energy Diversification: Macro-Related Challenges »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction The cost of electricity in the Caribbean has been persistently high over the past two decades, and has eroded competitiveness. This situation is largely due to serious i...

Chapter 9. Financial Development and Inclusion in the Caribbean

Chapter 9. Financial Development and Inclusion in the Caribbean »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction Financial development, by providing agents with better market access, liquidity, and diversity of instruments, has the potential to unleash new growth sources and help c...

Chapter 10. Financial Interconnectedness in the Caribbean: Challenges for Financial Stability

Chapter 10. Financial Interconnectedness in the Caribbean: Challenges for Financial Stability »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction The global financial crisis of 2008–09 and, in the Caribbean, the crisis stemming from the collapse of Trinidad and Tobago–based CL Financial Group in 2009, raised aware...

Chapter 5. Fiscal Challenges in the Caribbean: Coping with Natural Disasters

Chapter 5. Fiscal Challenges in the Caribbean: Coping with Natural Disasters »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction The Caribbean economies face difficult fiscal challenges, reflected in their high and rising levels of deficits and debt. Large fiscal deficits and debt have been built...

Chapter 12. Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean: Trends, Impact, and Policy Options

Chapter 12. Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean: Trends, Impact, and Policy Options »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction A correspondent banking relationship (CBR) is a bilateral arrangement between banks, often involving a cross-border relationship in multiple currencies. According to Erb...

Chapter 7. Managing Economic Citizenship Program Inflows: Reducing Risk and Maximizing Benefits

Chapter 7. Managing Economic Citizenship Program Inflows: Reducing Risk and Maximizing Benefits »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction The number of economic citizenship programs (ECPs) has surged in recent years. An increasing number of countries, especially in the Caribbean, are offering opportunities...

Chapter 11. Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact, and Strategies for Resolution

Chapter 11. Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact, and Strategies for Resolution »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction The Caribbean region weathered the global financial crisis relatively well, but the quality of bank assets gradually deteriorated during the subsequent economic recessio...

Chapter 2. Reinvigorating Growth in the Caribbean

Chapter 2. Reinvigorating Growth in the Caribbean »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction Growth in the Caribbean has been disappointing in recent decades. Averaging 2.1 percent per year since 2000, real GDP growth for the Caribbean has been half that of othe...

Chapter 6. Tax Incentives: To Use or Not To Use?

Chapter 6. Tax Incentives: To Use or Not To Use? »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction Tax incentives are all too pervasive in the Caribbean and have been an integral part of the tax systems since the 1970s. They were enacted to attract private investment...

Chapter 1. Unleashing Strong, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth in the Caribbean

Chapter 1. Unleashing Strong, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth in the Caribbean »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Since attaining independence in the 1960s and 1970s, Caribbean countries have registered strong economic and social outcomes. Per capita incomes have risen, with most Caribbean coun...

Chapter 15. Violence in the Caribbean: Cost and Impact

Chapter 15. Violence in the Caribbean: Cost and Impact »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

Introduction Crime—particularly violent crime—is pervasive in the Caribbean and imposes a serious economic and social burden on the countries in the region. An average of 40 percent...

Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean »

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315194.071

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Books

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Otker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484315194

Keywords: Financial analysis, International financial markets, International financial cooperation, Financial integration, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Regional integration, Regional economic integration, Economic integration, Caribbean

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution »

Volume/Issue: 2017/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Franz Loyola , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Inci Ötker , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326572.001

ISBN: 9781484326572

Keywords: Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica

The high level of nonperforming loans (NPLs) in the Caribbean has been, in large part, a legacy of the global financial crisis, but their persistence owes much to the weak economic recovery in the region, as well a...

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution

Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution »

Source: Problem Loans in the Caribbean: Determinants, Impact and Strategies for Resolution

Volume/Issue: 2017/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Franz Loyola , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Inci Ötker , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2017

ISBN: 9781484326572

Keywords: Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica

The high level of nonperforming loans (NPLs) in the Caribbean has been, in large part, a legacy of the global financial crisis, but their persistence owes much to the weak economic recovery in the region, as well a...

Chapter 1. Unleashing Strong, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth in the Caribbean

Chapter 1. Unleashing Strong, Sustainable, and Inclusive Growth in the Caribbean »

Source: Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Ötker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484322154

Keywords: Caribbean, Eastern Caribbean Currency Union, Economic growth, Economic integration, Financial analysis, Inclusive growth, International financial cooperation, International financial markets, Regional integration, Financial integration

Since attaining independence in the 1960s and 1970s, Caribbean countries have registered strong economic and social outcomes. Per capita incomes have risen, with most Caribbean countries now in the top 25 pe...

Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Ötker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484322154.073

ISBN: 9781484322154

Keywords: Caribbean, Eastern Caribbean Currency Union, Economic growth, Economic integration, Financial analysis, Inclusive growth, International financial cooperation, International financial markets, Regional integration, Financial integration

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Excerpt: Unleashing Growth and Strengthening Resilience in the Caribbean

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Inci Ötker , Uma Ramakrishnan , and Trevor Alleyne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484322154

Keywords: Caribbean, Eastern Caribbean Currency Union, Economic growth, Economic integration, Financial analysis, Inclusive growth, International financial cooperation, International financial markets, Regional integration, Financial integration

This book provides a diagnosis of the central economic and financial challenges facing Caribbean policymakers and offers broad policy recommendations for promoting a sustained and inclusive increase in economic wel...

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean
			: Trends, Impact, and Policy Options

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean : Trends, Impact, and Policy Options »

Volume/Issue: 2017/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320686.001

ISBN: 9781484320686

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Small states, Grenada, Haiti, Western Hemisphere

Banks across the Caribbean have lost important Correspondent Banking Relationships (CBRs). The macroeconomic impact has so far been limited, in part because banks either have multiple relationships or have been suc...

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean

Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean »

Source: Loss of Correspondent Banking Relationships in the Caribbean : Trends, Impact, and Policy Options

Volume/Issue: 2017/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Trevor Alleyne , Jacques Bouhga-Hagbe , Thomas Dowling , Dmitriy Kovtun , Alla Myrvoda , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , and Jarkko Turunen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 2017

ISBN: 9781484320686

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Small states, Grenada, Haiti, Western Hemisphere

Banks across the Caribbean have lost important Correspondent Banking Relationships (CBRs). The macroeconomic impact has so far been limited, in part because banks either have multiple relationships or have been suc...

IMF Board Discusses Capacity Building in Developing Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy

IMF Board Discusses Capacity Building in Developing Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy »

Source: The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy : An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building

Volume/Issue: 2017/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department;International Monetary Fund;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

ISBN: 9781498346573

Keywords: Medium-term debt strategy, Debt management, Financial sector development, Debt sustainability, Low-income developing countries, technical assistance, IMF, DMS, assistance mission, medium-term

This report to the Boards of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) is the third in a series regarding the evolution of the Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy (MTDS) framework and the assoc...

The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy
			:  An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building

The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy : An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building »

Volume/Issue: 2017/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department;International Monetary Fund;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498346573.007

ISBN: 9781498346573

Keywords: Medium-term debt strategy, Debt management, Financial sector development, Debt sustainability, Low-income developing countries, technical assistance, IMF, DMS, assistance mission, medium-term

This report to the Boards of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) is the third in a series regarding the evolution of the Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy (MTDS) framework and the assoc...

The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy: An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building

The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy: An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building »

Source: The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy : An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building

Volume/Issue: 2017/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department;International Monetary Fund;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

ISBN: 9781498346573

Keywords: Medium-term debt strategy, Debt management, Financial sector development, Debt sustainability, Low-income developing countries, technical assistance, IMF, DMS, assistance mission, medium-term

This report to the Boards of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) is the third in a series regarding the evolution of the Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy (MTDS) framework and the assoc...

The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy: An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building—Annexes

The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy: An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building—Annexes »

Source: The Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy : An Assessment of Recent Capacity Building

Volume/Issue: 2017/044

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department;International Monetary Fund;World Bank

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

ISBN: 9781498346573

Keywords: Medium-term debt strategy, Debt management, Financial sector development, Debt sustainability, Low-income developing countries, technical assistance, IMF, DMS, assistance mission, medium-term

This report to the Boards of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the World Bank (WB) is the third in a series regarding the evolution of the Medium-Term Debt Management Strategy (MTDS) framework and the assoc...

Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean
			: Engines of Growth and Macroeconomic Stabilizers?

Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean : Engines of Growth and Macroeconomic Stabilizers? »

Volume/Issue: 2017/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Svetlana Cerovic , Misael Galdamez , Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov , Franz Loyola , Zsoka Koczan , Bogdan Lissovolik , Jan Martijn , Yulia Ustyugova , and Joyce Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303641.001

ISBN: 9781484303641

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Costa Rica, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Belize, El Salvador

Outward migration has been an important phenomenon for countries in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC), particularly those in Central America and the Caribbean. This paper examines recent trends in outward migr...

Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean

Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Migration and Remittances in Latin America and the Caribbean : Engines of Growth and Macroeconomic Stabilizers?

Volume/Issue: 2017/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Svetlana Cerovic , Misael Galdamez , Metodij Hadzi-Vaskov , Franz Loyola , Zsoka Koczan , Bogdan Lissovolik , Jan Martijn , Yulia Ustyugova , and Joyce Wong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484303641

Keywords: Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Costa Rica, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Belize, El Salvador

Outward migration has been an important phenomenon for countries in Latin American and the Caribbean (LAC), particularly those in Central America and the Caribbean. This paper examines recent trends in outward migr...

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability
			: The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability : The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed El-Ashram

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302453.001

ISBN: 9781484302453

Keywords: Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Bahamas, The, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Jamaica, Barbados

The question of how scaling up public investment could affect fiscal and debt sustainability is key for countries needing to fill infrastructure gaps and build resilience. This paper proposes a bottom-up approach t...

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability

Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability »

Source: Public Investment Scaling-up and Debt Sustainability : The Case of Energy Sector Investments in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2017/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ahmed El-Ashram

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2017

ISBN: 9781484302453

Keywords: Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Caribbean, Bahamas, The, Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Jamaica, Barbados

The question of how scaling up public investment could affect fiscal and debt sustainability is key for countries needing to fill infrastructure gaps and build resilience. This paper proposes a bottom-up approach t...

Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean
			: Challenges, Achievements, and Next Steps

Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean : Challenges, Achievements, and Next Steps »

Volume/Issue: 2017/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephane Schlotterbeck

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475592610.001

ISBN: 9781475592610

Keywords: Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Western Hemisphere

Over the past decade, governments in the Caribbean region have introduced the value-added tax (VAT) to modernize their tax system, rapidly mobilize revenue and reduce budget deficits. This paper analyzes VAT perfor...

Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean

Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean »

Source: Tax Administration Reforms in the Caribbean : Challenges, Achievements, and Next Steps

Volume/Issue: 2017/88

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephane Schlotterbeck

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475592610

Keywords: Antigua and Barbuda, Asia and Pacific, Bahamas, The, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Western Hemisphere

Over the past decade, governments in the Caribbean region have introduced the value-added tax (VAT) to modernize their tax system, rapidly mobilize revenue and reduce budget deficits. This paper analyzes VAT perfor...

Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean

Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2017/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Alexander Klemm , Sumiko Ogawa , Marco Pani , and Claudio Visconti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475589597

Keywords: Bahamas, The, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere

Many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean now publish financial stability reports. This study reviews their latest issues to assess their content, quality, and transparency. While some reports provide a str...

Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean

Financial Stability Reports in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cheng Lim , Alexander Klemm , Sumiko Ogawa , Marco Pani , and Claudio Visconti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589597.001

ISBN: 9781475589597

Keywords: Bahamas, The, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Antigua and Barbuda, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago, Western Hemisphere

Many countries in Latin America and the Caribbean now publish financial stability reports. This study reviews their latest issues to assess their content, quality, and transparency. While some reports provide a str...

Cluster Report

Cluster Report »

Source: Cluster Report : Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2017/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2017

ISBN: 9781475586015

Keywords: Puerto Rico, Suriname, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica

This Cluster Report explores opportunities for trade integration in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. It finds that the region can reap significant growth benefits from further trade integration. With tra...

Cluster Report
			: Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean

Cluster Report : Trade Integration in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2017/66

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475586015.002

ISBN: 9781475586015

Keywords: Puerto Rico, Suriname, Peru, Trinidad and Tobago, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica

This Cluster Report explores opportunities for trade integration in the Latin America and the Caribbean region. It finds that the region can reap significant growth benefits from further trade integration. With tra...

Non-Performing Loans in the ECCU
			: Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact

Non-Performing Loans in the ECCU : Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact »

Volume/Issue: 2016/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Alla Myrvoda , and Shernnel Thompson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475555714.001

ISBN: 9781475555714

Keywords: Non-performing loans, Western Hemisphere, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Asia and Pacific, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Macrofinancial linkages

This paper assesses the determinants of NPLs in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) and whether a deterioration in asset quality may result in negative feedback effects from the banking system to economic a...

Non-Performing Loans in the ECCU

Non-Performing Loans in the ECCU »

Source: Non-Performing Loans in the ECCU : Determinants and Macroeconomic Impact

Volume/Issue: 2016/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kimberly Beaton , Alla Myrvoda , and Shernnel Thompson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 November 2016

ISBN: 9781475555714

Keywords: Non-performing loans, Western Hemisphere, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Asia and Pacific, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Grenada, Macrofinancial linkages

This paper assesses the determinants of NPLs in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union (ECCU) and whether a deterioration in asset quality may result in negative feedback effects from the banking system to economic a...

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Koffie Ben Nassar , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Mike Li , Timothy Robinson , and Saji Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545432.001

ISBN: 9781475545432

Keywords: Jamaica, Insurance, Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Barbados, Bahamas, The, Asia and Pacific, Aging

Weighed down by population aging, slow economic growth, and high unemployment, National Insurance Schemes in the Caribbean are projected to run substantial deficits and deplete their assets in the next decades, rai...

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean

National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean »

Source: National Insurance Scheme Reforms in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Koffie Ben Nassar , Joel Chiedu Okwuokei , Mike Li , Timothy Robinson , and Saji Thomas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 October 2016

ISBN: 9781475545432

Keywords: Jamaica, Insurance, Grenada, Haiti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Barbados, Bahamas, The, Asia and Pacific, Aging

Weighed down by population aging, slow economic growth, and high unemployment, National Insurance Schemes in the Caribbean are projected to run substantial deficits and deplete their assets in the next decades, rai...

Gone with the Wind

Gone with the Wind »

Source: Gone with the Wind : Estimating Hurricane and Climate Change Costs in the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2016/199

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Acevedo Mejia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2016

ISBN: 9781475544763

Keywords: Hurricane, tropical cyclone, climate change, climate impact, Caribbean.

This paper studies the economic costs of hurricanes in the Caribbean by constructing a novel dataset that combines a detailed record of tropical cyclones' characteristics with reported damages. I estimate the relat...

Gone with the Wind
			: Estimating Hurricane and Climate Change Costs in the Caribbean

Gone with the Wind : Estimating Hurricane and Climate Change Costs in the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/199

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Acevedo Mejia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475544763.001

ISBN: 9781475544763

Keywords: Hurricane, tropical cyclone, climate change, climate impact, Caribbean.

This paper studies the economic costs of hurricanes in the Caribbean by constructing a novel dataset that combines a detailed record of tropical cyclones' characteristics with reported damages. I estimate the relat...

Post-program Monitoring - Proposed Decision on Countries

Post-program Monitoring - Proposed Decision on Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2016/056

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498345286.007

ISBN: 9781498345286

Keywords: Credit risk, Cyprus, Executive Board decisions, Ireland, Lapse of time approval, Members, Moldova, Portugal, Post-program monitoring, Credit

On July 1, 2016 the Executive Board adopted a decision to move to a more risk-based and focused framework for Post-Program Monitoring (PPM). The revised decision on PPM, which comes into effect on September 30, 201...

Post-program Monitoring - Proposed Decision on Countries

Post-program Monitoring - Proposed Decision on Countries »

Source: Post-program Monitoring - Proposed Decision on Countries

Volume/Issue: 2016/056

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2016

ISBN: 9781498345286

Keywords: Credit risk, Cyprus, Executive Board decisions, Ireland, Lapse of time approval, Members, Moldova, Portugal, Post-program monitoring, Credit

On July 1, 2016 the Executive Board adopted a decision to move to a more risk-based and focused framework for Post-Program Monitoring (PPM). The revised decision on PPM, which comes into effect on September 30, 201...

Highways to Heaven

Highways to Heaven »

Source: Highways to Heaven : Infrastructure Determinants and Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2016/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , Alfredo Cuevas , Carlos Góes , Izabela Karpowicz , Troy Matheson , Issouf Samaké , and Svetlana Vtyurina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2016

ISBN: 9781475536744

Keywords: Latin America and the Caribbean, infrastructure, public investment, investment efficiency, public-private partnerships.

Inadequate infrastructure has been widely viewed as a principal barrier to growth and development in Latin America and the Caribbean. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of infrastructure in the region and...

Highways to Heaven
			: Infrastructure Determinants and Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean

Highways to Heaven : Infrastructure Determinants and Trends in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Valerie Cerra , Alfredo Cuevas , Carlos Góes , Izabela Karpowicz , Troy Matheson , Issouf Samaké , and Svetlana Vtyurina

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475536744.001

ISBN: 9781475536744

Keywords: Latin America and the Caribbean, infrastructure, public investment, investment efficiency, public-private partnerships.

Inadequate infrastructure has been widely viewed as a principal barrier to growth and development in Latin America and the Caribbean. This paper provides a comprehensive overview of infrastructure in the region and...

Structural Reform and Growth
			: What Really Matters? Evidence from the Caribbean

Structural Reform and Growth : What Really Matters? Evidence from the Caribbean »

Volume/Issue: 2016/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Greenidge , Meredith McIntyre , and Hanlei Yun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484321812.001

ISBN: 9781484321812

Keywords: Structural Reform, Institutional Quality, Small States

Since the 1980's with the introduction of IMF/WB adjustment programs structural reforms have been a core part of the reform agenda in the Caribbean. The paper reviewed the package of structural reforms in trade lib...

Structural Reform and Growth

Structural Reform and Growth »

Source: Structural Reform and Growth : What Really Matters? Evidence from the Caribbean

Volume/Issue: 2016/82

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kevin Greenidge , Meredith McIntyre , and Hanlei Yun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2016

ISBN: 9781484321812

Keywords: Structural Reform, Institutional Quality, Small States

Since the 1980's with the introduction of IMF/WB adjustment programs structural reforms have been a core part of the reform agenda in the Caribbean. The paper reviewed the package of structural reforms in trade lib...

Is the WTO a World Tax Organization?
			: A Primer for WTO Rules for Policy Makers

Is the WTO a World Tax Organization? : A Primer for WTO Rules for Policy Makers »

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Michael Daly

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498329798.005

ISBN: 9781498329798

Keywords: Balance of payments, Tax revenue, Economic theory, Economic reforms, Tax administration, Tax, Trade, TNM, WTO rule, tax measure

This paper examines the extent to which World Trade Organization (WTO) rules impinge on policymakers' freedom to formulate tax policies. It provides an overview of both the economic rationale for WTO rules concerni...

Is the WTO a World Tax Organization?

Is the WTO a World Tax Organization? »

Source: Is the WTO a World Tax Organization? : A Primer for WTO Rules for Policy Makers

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: Technical Notes and Manuals

Author(s): Michael Daly

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 March 2016

ISBN: 9781498329798

Keywords: Balance of payments, Tax revenue, Economic theory, Economic reforms, Tax administration, Tax, Trade, TNM, WTO rule, tax measure

This paper examines the extent to which World Trade Organization (WTO) rules impinge on policymakers' freedom to formulate tax policies. It provides an overview of both the economic rationale for WTO rules concerni...

Caribbean Energy

Caribbean Energy »

Source: Caribbean Energy : Macro-Related Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2016/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arnold McIntyre , Ahmed El-Ashram , Marcio Ronci , Julien Reynaud , Natasha Che , Ke Wang , Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , and Mark Lutz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513560908

Keywords: Energy Reform, Oil Price Shocks, Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, PPP, energy, oil, electricity, investments, investment

High energy costs contribute to dampening Caribbean competitiveness and potential growth. This paper overviews power sector challenges and takes stock of national and regional strategies to address them. It present...

Caribbean Energy
			: Macro-Related Challenges

Caribbean Energy : Macro-Related Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2016/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arnold McIntyre , Ahmed El-Ashram , Marcio Ronci , Julien Reynaud , Natasha Che , Ke Wang , Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , and Mark Lutz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513560908.001

ISBN: 9781513560908

Keywords: Energy Reform, Oil Price Shocks, Renewable Energy, Energy Efficiency, PPP, energy, oil, electricity, investments, investment

High energy costs contribute to dampening Caribbean competitiveness and potential growth. This paper overviews power sector challenges and takes stock of national and regional strategies to address them. It present...

What’s Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?

What’s Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Ralph Chami , Christian Ebeke , and Anne Oeking

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513531236.001

ISBN: 9781513531236

Keywords: Worker’s Remittances, lending channel, banking sector, bank balance sheets, balance sheets, exchange, General, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, All Countries, banking sector.,

Despite welfare and poverty-reducing benefits for recipient households, remittance inflows have been shown to entail macroeconomic challenges; producing Dutch Disease-type effects through their upward (appreciation...

What's Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?

What's Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries? »

Source: What’s Different about Monetary Policy Transmission in Remittance-Dependent Countries?

Volume/Issue: 2016/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Adolfo Barajas , Ralph Chami , Christian Ebeke , and Anne Oeking

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513531236

Keywords: Worker’s Remittances, lending channel, banking sector, bank balance sheets, balance sheets, exchange, General, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development, All Countries, banking sector.,

Despite welfare and poverty-reducing benefits for recipient households, remittance inflows have been shown to entail macroeconomic challenges; producing Dutch Disease-type effects through their upward (appreciation...

Flying to Paradise

Flying to Paradise »

Source: Flying to Paradise

Volume/Issue: 2016/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , Lu Han , Marie Kim , and Nicole Laframboise

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2016

ISBN: 9781498375108

Keywords: airlift supply factors, tourist, tourist arrivals, airlines, tourists, Time-Series Models, Models with Panel Data,, Aviation, Caribbean, United States

This paper studies the role of airlift supply on the tourism sector in the Caribbean. The paper examines the relative importance of U.S.-Caribbean airlift supply factors such as the number of flights, seats, airlin...

Flying to Paradise

Flying to Paradise »

Volume/Issue: 2016/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Acevedo Mejia , Lu Han , Marie Kim , and Nicole Laframboise

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498375108.001

ISBN: 9781498375108

Keywords: airlift supply factors, tourist, tourist arrivals, airlines, tourists, Time-Series Models, Models with Panel Data,, Aviation, Caribbean, United States

This paper studies the role of airlift supply on the tourism sector in the Caribbean. The paper examines the relative importance of U.S.-Caribbean airlift supply factors such as the number of flights, seats, airlin...

Flexible Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Fiscal Policy1

Flexible Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Fiscal Policy1 »

Source: Flexible Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Fiscal Policy

Volume/Issue: 2016/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martine Guerguil , Pierre Mandon , and Rene Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2016

ISBN: 9781513581460

Keywords: Fiscal Policy Rules, Flexibility, Investment-friendly Rules, Cyclically-adjusted Balance Rules, Propensity Scores-matching, fiscal policy, fiscal rules, public spending, fiscal rule, public investment

This paper assesses the impact of different types of flexible fiscal rules on the procyclicality of fiscal policy with propensity scores-matching techniques, thus mitigating traditional self-selection problems. It...

Flexible Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Fiscal Policy

Flexible Fiscal Rules and Countercyclical Fiscal Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2016/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Martine Guerguil , Pierre Mandon , and Rene Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581460.001

ISBN: 9781513581460

Keywords: Fiscal Policy Rules, Flexibility, Investment-friendly Rules, Cyclically-adjusted Balance Rules, Propensity Scores-matching, fiscal policy, fiscal rules, public spending, fiscal rule, public investment

This paper assesses the impact of different types of flexible fiscal rules on the procyclicality of fiscal policy with propensity scores-matching techniques, thus mitigating traditional self-selection problems. It...

1. Estados Unidos, Canadá y el mundo: Perspectivas, riesgos y políticas

1. Estados Unidos, Canadá y el mundo: Perspectivas, riesgos y políticas »

Source: Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

El crecimiento mundial se mantiene moderado y desigual. Después de registrar un retroceso a principios de 2015, el ritmo de la actividad mundial repuntó, pero las perspectivas de crecimiento sig...

4. Integración comercial en América Latina y el Caribe: Entusiasmo, esperanza y realidad

4. Integración comercial en América Latina y el Caribe: Entusiasmo, esperanza y realidad »

Source: Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

La región de América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) está menos abierta al comercio exterior que la mayoría de las otras regiones de mercados emergentes. En este capítulo se observa que en la mayoría d...

2. Perspectivas y desafíos de política económica para América Latina y el Caribe

2. Perspectivas y desafíos de política económica para América Latina y el Caribe »

Source: Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

La actividad económica en América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) está atravesando una desaceleración prolongada, en tándem con una mayor debilidad de los fundamentos económicos subyacentes. Se proyect...

5. Promoción del desarrollo financiero en América Latina y el Caribe

5. Promoción del desarrollo financiero en América Latina y el Caribe »

Source: Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

En los últimos años, muchos países de América Latina y el Caribe (ALC) hicieron grandes esfuerzos para desarrollar sus sistemas financieros. En este capítulo se analiza el estado actual del desa...

Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental
			: Ajustando bajo presión

Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513540610.086

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

....

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

....

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

....

Resumen ejecutivo

Resumen ejecutivo »

Source: Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

Después de registrar un retroceso a principios de 2015, el ritmo de la actividad mundial repuntó, pero las perspectivas de crecimiento siguen siendo moderadas, tanto a corto como a mediano plazo. La recupera...

3. Subir o no subir la tasa: ¿Puede elegir América Latina? Evaluando la autonomía de la política monetaria

3. Subir o no subir la tasa: ¿Puede elegir América Latina? Evaluando la autonomía de la política monetaria »

Source: Perspectivas económicas regionales, octubre de 2015: Departamento del Hemisferio Occidental : Ajustando bajo presión

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Western Hemisphere Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2015

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781513540610

Keywords: intereses, comercio, intercambio, tasa de interés, desarrollo financiero

Mientras América Latina experimenta una fuerte desaceleración económica, el fortalecimiento de la economía en Estados Unidos crea el marco para que la Reserva Federal continúe normalizando la or...

Safeguards Assessments - Review of Experience

Safeguards Assessments - Review of Experience »

Volume/Issue: 2015/055

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498344180.007

ISBN: 9781498344180

Keywords: Central bank legal structure, Central bank legislation, Central banks, Central bank autonomy, Central bank operations, external auditor, review period, central bank, panel 's recommendation, risk-based

This paper reviews experience with the safeguards assessment policy since the last review in 2010. The policy is subject to periodic reviews by the Executive Board. The policy's main objective is to mitigate risks...

Safeguards Assessments - Review of Experience

Safeguards Assessments - Review of Experience »

Source: Safeguards Assessments - Review of Experience

Volume/Issue: 2015/055

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

ISBN: 9781498344180

Keywords: Central bank legal structure, Central bank legislation, Central banks, Central bank autonomy, Central bank operations, external auditor, review period, central bank, panel 's recommendation, risk-based

This paper reviews experience with the safeguards assessment policy since the last review in 2010. The policy is subject to periodic reviews by the Executive Board. The policy's main objective is to mitigate risks...

Crisis Program Review

Crisis Program Review »

Source: Crisis Program Review

Volume/Issue: 2015/051

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2015

ISBN: 9781498344036

Keywords: Debt restructuring, Exchange rate adjustments, Exchange rate policy, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Fund arrangements, Fund-supported adjustment programs, Global Financial Crisis 2008-2009, Monetary policy

This paper provides an updated review of Fund-supported programs undertaken during the global financial crisis. It follows a series of previous reviews during 2009-12 that assessed program design and outcomes durin...