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First-Time International Bond Issuance-New Opportunities and Emerging Risks

First-Time International Bond Issuance-New Opportunities and Emerging Risks »

Volume/Issue: 2014/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Anastasia Guscina , Guilherme Pedras , and Gabriel Presciuttini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498390699.001

ISBN: 9781498390699

Keywords: Bond market, LICs, frontier markets, bond, international bond, bond issuance, global bond, International Lending and Debt Problems, Asset Pricing,

International bond issuance by debut issuers has risen in recent years. The uptick was a result of both demand and supply factors. The search for yield and demand for portfolio diversification have resulted in dema...

Export Quality in Developing Countries

Export Quality in Developing Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2013/108

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484351635.001

ISBN: 9781484351635

Keywords: Product Quality, Upgrading, export quality, exporter, exporters, commodity exporters, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Information and Product Quality,

This paper develops new, far more extensive estimates of export quality, covering 178 countries and hundreds of products over 1962–2010. Quality upgrading is particularly rapid during the early stages of dev...

Economic Diversification in LICs
			: Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications

Economic Diversification in LICs : Stylized Facts and Macroeconomic Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2012/13

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Chris Papageorgiou , and Nicola Spatafora

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475532180.006

ISBN: 9781475532180

Keywords: Trade and real-sector diversification, quality upgrading, volatility, growth, LICs, export diversification, external shocks, external trade, total exports, trading partners

Limited diversification is an underlying characteristic of many low-income countries (LICs). Concentration in sectors with limited scope for increases in productivity and quality may result in less broad-based and...

Trade and Thy Neighbor's War

Trade and Thy Neighbor's War »

Volume/Issue: 2009/283

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mahvash Qureshi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451874280.001

ISBN: 9781451874280

Keywords: conflict, contiguous states, bilateral trade, international conflict, international conflicts, trade flows, civil war,

This paper examines the spatial dispersion effects of regional conflicts, defined as internal or external armed conflicts in contiguous states, on international trade. Our empirical findings-based on different meas...

Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2009
			: Fighting the Global Crisis

Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2009 : Fighting the Global Crisis »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2009

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068841.011

ISBN: 9781589068841

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

The IMF's 2009 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2009, which covers the period from May 1, 2008, thr...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2009
			: Fighting the Global Crisis

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2009 : Fighting the Global Crisis »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068797.011

ISBN: 9781589068797

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction

The IMF's 2009 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2009, which covers the period from May 1, 2008, thr...

Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009
			: La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale

Fonds Monétaire International Rapport Annuel 2009 : La Riposte à La Crise Mondiale »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2009

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589068834.011

ISBN: 9781589068834

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, balance of payments, financial system, poverty reduction, financial markets, financial statements, monetary union, expenditures, commodity prices

The IMF's 2009 Annual Report chronicles the response of the Fund's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2009, which covers the period from May 1, 2008, thr...

Mauritius
			: 2008 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mauritius

Mauritius : 2008 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Statement; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mauritius »

Volume/Issue: 2008/238

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 July 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451827866.002

ISBN: 9781451827866

Keywords: debt, interest, external debt, public sector, interest rate

This 2008 Article IV Consultation highlights that economic growth in Mauritius is responding to structural reform efforts. Tax reform, together with improvements in the business environment and investment initiativ...

Robbing the Riches
			: Capital Flight, Institutions, and Instability

Robbing the Riches : Capital Flight, Institutions, and Instability »

Volume/Issue: 2005/199

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sweta Saxena , Meenakshi Rishi , and Valerie Cerra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451862188.001

ISBN: 9781451862188

Keywords: Institutions, external debt, debt accumulation, external borrowing, short-term debt, International Factor Movements and International Business: General, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Capital flight may undermine economic growth and the effectiveness of debt relief and foreign aid. This paper is the first attempt to test whether unsound macroeconomic policies or weak institutions lead to capital...

Infrastructure Aid, Deindustrialization, and Welfare

Infrastructure Aid, Deindustrialization, and Welfare »

Volume/Issue: 2005/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eun Choi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451861693.001

ISBN: 9781451861693

Keywords: Infrastructure Aid, Deindustrialization, export sector, import sector, currency appreciation, terms of trade, world prices,

This paper investigates the deindustrialization and welfare effects of infrastructure aid in developing countries. In the short run, cost-saving infrastructure aid in the export sector increases the domestic wage r...

Health and Development

Health and Development »

Series: EXR Pamphlets

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 November 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063419.052

ISBN: 9781589063419

Keywords: hiv, aids, hiv/aids, health care, public health

The past century has been marked by rapid advances in human welfare. People in most parts of the world are healthier and are living longer. While this trend is likely to continue, hopes are fading in some regions w...

The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries

The Fiscal Dimensions of Adjustment in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , Claire Liuksila , Henri Lorie , Walter Mahler , and Karim Nashashibi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 June 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752291.084

ISBN: 9781557752291

Keywords: Budgetary reforms, Government expenditures, Structural adjustment, Tax administration, Tax reforms, Taxation, expenditure, fiscal adjustment, capital expenditure, tax revenue

A strengthened fiscal position is at the core of most economic adjustment programs supported by IMF lending, especially for the poorer countries that draw on the IMF's structural adjustment facilities. This paper r...