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Jordan
			: Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment (PIMA)

Jordan : Technical Assistance Report-Public Investment Management Assessment (PIMA) »

Volume/Issue: 2017/366

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484332221.002

ISBN: 9781484332221

Keywords: Jordan, Middle East

Jordan's public finances have deteriorated since the mid-2000s, resulting in a significant reduction in public investment. In response to several negative external shocks, notably the Iraq and Syria crises and the...

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation and Second Review under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan : 2017 Article IV Consultation and Second Review under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan »

Volume/Issue: 2017/377

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484332863.002

ISBN: 9781484332863

Keywords: Middle East, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of

Context: Despite the sharp drawdown of NATO troops in 2014 and the deteriorated security situation, the National Unity Government (NUG) is making good progress in economic reforms and growth has picked up modestly....

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
			: Selected Issues

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/378

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484332917.002

ISBN: 9781484332917

Keywords: Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of, Middle East

Selected Issues...

Islamic Republic of Mauritania
			: Three-Year Arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Three-Year Arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Islamic Republic of Mauritania »

Volume/Issue: 2017/369

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484332429.002

ISBN: 9781484332429

Keywords: Middle East, Mauritania

Mauritania is addressing decisively the aftermath of the terms-of-trade shock which slowed growth and widened imbalances. Following the sharp drop in iron ore prices in 2014-15 which halved export revenues, widened...

Sudan
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sudan

Sudan : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sudan »

Volume/Issue: 2017/364

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331668.002

ISBN: 9781484331668

Keywords: Sudan, Middle East

After 20 years, longstanding U.S. sanctions on trade and financial flows were revoked in October 2017, considering Sudan's progress in cessation of hostilities in internal conflicts, improved cooperation on regiona...

Sudan
			: Selected Issues

Sudan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/365

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331705.002

ISBN: 9781484331705

Keywords: Middle East, Sudan

Selected Issues...

Georgia
			: First Review under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; and Staff Report

Georgia : First Review under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/361

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331224.002

ISBN: 9781484331224

Keywords: Middle East, Georgia

Recent economic developments. Economic activity has strengthened on the back of stronger growth in main trading partners. Fiscal overperformance and efforts to address structural weaknesses have helped boost confid...

Armenia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Upgrading Fiscal Rules

Armenia : Technical Assistance Report-Upgrading Fiscal Rules »

Volume/Issue: 2017/330

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484325551.002

ISBN: 9781484325551

Keywords: Armenia, Middle East

Armenia has made significant strides in enhancing macroeconomic stability over the past two decades. This has recently come under strain. Before a full recovery from the Global Financial Crisis (GFC) could take roo...

Islamic Republic of Mauritania
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Islamic Republic of Mauritania : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Islamic Republic of Mauritania »

Volume/Issue: 2017/324

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484324660.002

ISBN: 9781484324660

Keywords: Mauritania, Middle East

Mauritania continues to face a challenging external environment with low and volatile metal prices. A steep decline in iron ore prices in 2014-15 took away half of exports, widened the fiscal deficit, put pressure...

Saudi Arabia
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Saudi Arabia : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/316

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323175.002

ISBN: 9781484323175

Saudi Arabia has embarked on a bold reform program under Vision 2030. Reform momentum is strong, and good progress is being made in reform implementation. Saudi Arabia has reduced oil production under the OPEC+ agr...

Saudi Arabia
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Saudi Arabia : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2017/318

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323458.002

ISBN: 9781484323458

Keywords: Middle East, Saudi Arabia

The FSAP took place during the aftermath of a major shock for the Saudi economy, whose repercussions were still being felt despite a decisive policy response. During 2015-16, the decline in oil prices led to a shar...

Saudi Arabia
			: Selected Issues

Saudi Arabia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/317

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323243.002

ISBN: 9781484323243

Keywords: Saudi Arabia, Middle East

Selected Issues...

Georgia
			: Fiscal Transparency Evaluation

Georgia : Fiscal Transparency Evaluation »

Volume/Issue: 2017/291

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484321157.002

ISBN: 9781484321157

Keywords: Georgia, Middle East

Georgia has taken important steps to enhance its fiscal transparency practices over the past decade. Fiscal reports have become more comprehensive, with the development of a central government balance sheet and inc...

Arab Republic of Egypt
			: First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Requests for Waivers for Nonobservance and Applicability of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Arab Republic of Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt : First Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Requests for Waivers for Nonobservance and Applicability of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Arab Republic of Egypt »

Volume/Issue: 2017/290

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484321058.002

ISBN: 9781484321058

Keywords: Middle East, Egypt

The launch of Egypt's reform program was a reversal from past policies, which had led to a buildup of large external and fiscal imbalances. With the liberalization of the foreign exchange (FX) market, the parallel...

Morocco
			: Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2014 Precautionary and Liquidity Line Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco

Morocco : Ex-Post Evaluation of Exceptional Access Under the 2014 Precautionary and Liquidity Line Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2017/265

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484317518.002

ISBN: 9781484317518

Keywords: Middle East, Morocco

The Executive Board approved a two-year Precautionary and Liquidity Line (PLL) arrangement with Morocco in July 2014. The arrangement followed the 2012-14 PLL arrangement, and sought to build on the progress made i...

Morocco
			: Second Review Under the Arrangement Under the Precautionary and Liquidity Line(PLL)-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco

Morocco : Second Review Under the Arrangement Under the Precautionary and Liquidity Line(PLL)-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2017/264

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484317365.002

ISBN: 9781484317365

Keywords: Middle East, Morocco

Growth prospects for 2017 have improved, but nonagricultural growth is subdued. Inflation is low. The current account deficit is projected to decline and international reserves are at a comfortable level. The outlo...

Iraq
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation and Second Review under the Three-Year Stand-by Arrangement-and Requests for Waivers of Nonobservance and Applicability of Performance Criteria, and Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Iraq

Iraq : 2017 Article IV Consultation and Second Review under the Three-Year Stand-by Arrangement-and Requests for Waivers of Nonobservance and Applicability of Performance Criteria, and Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Iraq »

Volume/Issue: 2017/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314944.002

ISBN: 9781484314944

Keywords: Iraq, Middle East

Iraq is an oil-dependent and state-dominated fragile economy that has been hit hard by the conflict with ISIS and the fall in oil prices. The conflict has hurt the economy through displacement and impoverishment of...

Iraq
			: Selected Issues

Iraq : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/252

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 August 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314999.002

ISBN: 9781484314999

Keywords: Middle East, Iraq

Selected Issues...

Jordan
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Jordan

Jordan : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Jordan »

Volume/Issue: 2017/231

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312056.002

ISBN: 9781484312056

Keywords: Jordan, Middle East

Jordan has made significant progress since the 2014 Article IV consultation, but challenges are still pressing. The economy has proven resilient in the face of severe external shocks. The exchange rate peg remains...

Jordan
			: Selected Issues

Jordan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/232

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312063.002

ISBN: 9781484312063

Keywords: Jordan

Jordan: Selected Issues...

Republic of Armenia
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation and Fifth and Final Review Under the Extended Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Armenia

Republic of Armenia : 2017 Article IV Consultation and Fifth and Final Review Under the Extended Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of Armenia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/226

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475567557.002

ISBN: 9781475567557

Keywords: Middle East, Armenia

Since its independence, Armenia has made significant strides in enhancing macroeconomic stability. Growth has been satisfactory with inflation under control and the fiscal situation broadly well managed. Lately, ad...

Republic of Armenia
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Armenia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/227

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484311011.002

ISBN: 9781484311011

Keywords: Armenia, Middle East

Republic of Armenia: Selected Issues...

United Arab Emirates
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report and Informational Annex for the United Arab Emirates

United Arab Emirates : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report and Informational Annex for the United Arab Emirates »

Volume/Issue: 2017/218

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484310182.002

ISBN: 9781484310182

Keywords: Middle East, United Arab Emirates

The UAE is adjusting to the 'lower-for-longer' oil price environment from a position of strength, which is reflected in its large financial buffers, long-standing safe-haven status, diversified and business-friendl...

United Arab Emirates
			: Selected Issues

United Arab Emirates : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/219

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484310199.002

ISBN: 9781484310199

United Arab Emirates: Selected Issues...

Pakistan
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Informational Annex; and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Pakistan : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Informational Annex; and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2017/212

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484309759.002

ISBN: 9781484309759

Keywords: Middle East, Pakistan

Macroeconomic resilience was strengthened during the three-year Extended Fund Facility (EFF)-supported program completed in September 2016: growth increased, the fiscal deficit was reduced, and foreign currency res...

Pakistan
			: Selected Issues

Pakistan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/213

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484309766.002

ISBN: 9781484309766

Keywords: Middle East, Pakistan

Selected Issues...

Somalia
			: Second and Final Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for a New Staff-Monitored Program-Press Release and Staff Report

Somalia : Second and Final Review Under the Staff-Monitored Program and Request for a New Staff-Monitored Program-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/204

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484309100.002

ISBN: 9781484309100

Keywords: Somalia, Middle East

Recent developments are broadly in line with the 2016 Article IV Consultation Staff Report. The 2016 electoral cycle was completed on February 8, with the election of Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed as President, which p...

Tunisia
			: First Review Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waivers of NonObservance of Performance Criteria and Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report;and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia

Tunisia : First Review Under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waivers of NonObservance of Performance Criteria and Rephasing of Access-Press Release; Staff Report;and Statement by the Executive Director for Tunisia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/203

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484308653.002

ISBN: 9781484308653

Keywords: Tunisia, Middle East

A fragile economy in a complex socio-political environment. Tunisia's political transition advanced, but social discontent remains elevated. After almost stagnating over 2015-16, growth will pick up in 2017 to 2.3...

Multi-Country Report
			: Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302996.002

ISBN: 9781484302996

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bahrain, Djibouti, Europe, Indonesia, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Middle East, Nigeria

This paper presents country experiences with reforms to strengthen regulatory oversight of the Islamic banking sector. Based on the selected country experiences, a number of important lessons and policy options can...

Multi-Country Report
			: Building Fiscal Capacity in Fragile States-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Building Fiscal Capacity in Fragile States-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/153

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303719.002

ISBN: 9781484303719

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Europe, Haiti, Kosovo, Liberia, Mali, Middle East, Myanmar, South Sudan, Sub-Saharan Africa

This report reviews the IMF's effort to build fiscal capacity in fragile states. It presents case studies on IMF technical assistance (TA) and capacity development in the fiscal area, provided by its Fiscal Affairs...

Morocco
			: First Review Under the Arrangement Under the Precautionary and Liquidity Line-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco

Morocco : First Review Under the Arrangement Under the Precautionary and Liquidity Line-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2017/146

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303146.002

ISBN: 9781484303146

Keywords: Middle East, Morocco

This paper discusses Morocco's First Review under the Arrangement under the Precautionary and Liquidity Line (PLL). Morocco's economic fundamentals and policy frameworks are sound. The country is implementing well-...

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
			: First Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; and Staff Report

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan : First Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/144

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302972.002

ISBN: 9781484302972

Keywords: Middle East, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of

This paper discusses Afghanistan's First Review under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) Arrangement and the Request for Modification of Performance Criteria (PCs). Program implementation has been satisfactory. All...

Kyrgyz Republic
			: Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility, and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report

Kyrgyz Republic : Third Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility, and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/143

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302880.002

ISBN: 9781484302880

Keywords: Middle East, Kyrgyz Republic

This paper discusses the Kyrgyz Republic's Third Review under the Three-Year Arrangement under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF) and the Request for Modification of Performance Criteria (PCs). Program conditionali...

Algeria
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Algeria

Algeria : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Algeria »

Volume/Issue: 2017/141

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302668.002

ISBN: 9781484302668

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights Algeria's continued challenges posed by lower oil prices. Overall economic activity was resilient, but growth in the nonhydrocarbon sector slowed to 2.9 percent in 2016,...

Algeria
			: Selected Issues

Algeria : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/142

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302675.002

ISBN: 9781484302675

Keywords: Algeria, Middle East

This Selected Issues paper discusses options for financing future fiscal deficits in Algeria. Algeria needs to undertake sustained fiscal consolidation to restore fiscal sustainability. The authorities should consi...

Republic of Kazakhstan
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; and Staff Report

Republic of Kazakhstan : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/108

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598704.002

ISBN: 9781475598704

Keywords: Kazakhstan, Middle East

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights growth in Kazakhstan expected to strengthen to 2.5 percent in 2017 after a slowdown in 2016, reflecting higher oil production and the effect of substantial fiscal stimul...

Republic of Kazakhstan
			: Selected Issues

Republic of Kazakhstan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/109

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598759.002

ISBN: 9781475598759

Keywords: Middle East, Kazakhstan

Selected Issues...

Georgia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Liquidity Management Operations

Georgia : Technical Assistance Report-Liquidity Management Operations »

Volume/Issue: 2017/107

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598087.002

ISBN: 9781475598087

Keywords: Georgia, Middle East

This Technical Assistance Report presents an assessment of liquidity management operations in Georgia. The National Bank of Georgia (NBG) has embarked on an ambitious project to strengthen monetary policy implement...

Georgia
			: Request for Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Cancellation of Stand-By Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Georgia

Georgia : Request for Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Cancellation of Stand-By Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Georgia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/97

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475594652.002

ISBN: 9781475594652

Keywords: Georgia, Middle East

This paper discusses Georgia's Request for Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility and Cancellation of Stand-by Arrangement (SBA). The authorities in Georgia have formulated a comprehensive program to...

Qatar
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Qatar

Qatar : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Qatar »

Volume/Issue: 2017/88

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475593518.002

ISBN: 9781475593518

Keywords: Middle East, Qatar

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights the adverse impact of lower hydrocarbon prices on the macroeconomic performance of Qatar. Growth has slowed despite still-resilient nonhydrocarbon activity. Real GDP gr...

Qatar
			: Selected Issues

Qatar : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475593525.002

ISBN: 9781475593525

Keywords: Qatar, Middle East

This Selected Issues paper discusses measures required to enhance nonhydrocarbon revenue to support fiscal consolidation in Qatar. Qatar depends heavily on the hydrocarbon sector for exports and revenue receipts. T...

Djibouti
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Djibouti

Djibouti : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Djibouti »

Volume/Issue: 2017/87

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475593327.002

ISBN: 9781475593327

Keywords: Djibouti, Middle East

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights Djibouti's expansion of its transportation and utilities infrastructure to leverage its strategic location as a shipping hub and host to military bases. The authorities'...

Morocco
			: Selected Issues

Morocco : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/65

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583519.002

ISBN: 9781475583519

Keywords: Women, Selected Issues Papers, Morocco, Real effective exchange rates, Supply, Income distribution, Labor markets, Middle East, Credit expansion, Demand

This Selected Issues paper quantifies the effect of gender inequality in Morocco on growth, compared with groups of faster growing countries. The results highlight the effect of closing the overall gender gap, whic...

Islamic Republic of Iran
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Iran »

Volume/Issue: 2017/62

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583076.002

ISBN: 9781475583076

Keywords: Staff Reports, Monetary policy, Multiple currency practices, Press releases, Middle East, Inflation, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic growth

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights a rebound in economic growth in the Islamic Republic of Iran over the course of 2016-17 based on higher oil production. Real GDP grew 7.4 percent in the first half of 20...

Islamic Republic of Iran
			: Selected Issues

Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/63

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583083.002

ISBN: 9781475583083

Keywords: Selected Issues Papers, Banking, Banks, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Middle East, Monetary policy, Sanctions, Tax incentives, Tax system reviews

This Selected Issues paper analyzes impediments to correspondent banking with the Islamic Republic of Iran. Even though international nuclear sanctions were lifted January 16, 2016, Iranian banks face protracted di...

Somalia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Somalia

Somalia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Somalia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/61

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475583021.002

ISBN: 9781475583021

Keywords: Middle East, Somalia

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights the Government of Somalia's continued significant efforts toward restoring its key economic and financial institutions despite a very difficult political environment. Th...

Morocco
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco

Morocco : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Morocco »

Volume/Issue: 2017/36

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574579.002

ISBN: 9781475574579

Keywords: Middle East, Morocco

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Morocco's macroeconomic conditions have improved since 2012, but growth has remained sluggish. In 2016, growth slowed owing to a sharp contraction in agricultural o...

Lebanon
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Lebanon

Lebanon : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Lebanon »

Volume/Issue: 2017/19

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570618.002

ISBN: 9781475570618

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Balance of payments statistics, Current account deficits, Debt sustainability analysis, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal risk, Fiscal policy, Economic conditions, Economic growth, Economic indicators

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Lebanon's economic growth remains subdued. Following a sharp drop in 2011, growth edged upward briefly to 2-3 percent, but has now slowed again. The IMF staff estim...

Lebanon
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Lebanon : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2017/21

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570816.002

ISBN: 9781475570816

Keywords: Capital, External shocks, Immigration, Human capital, Inward remittances, Lebanon, Middle East, Production growth, Oil prices, Syria

This paper discusses findings of the assessment of Lebanon's financial system. Lebanon has maintained financial stability for the last quarter century during repeated shocks and challenges. Over time, macroeconomic...

Lebanon
			: Selected Issues

Lebanon : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/20

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570625.002

ISBN: 9781475570625

Keywords: Risk management, Stress testing, Reports on the Observance of Standards and Codes, Middle East, Middle East, Lebanon, Insurance, Financial system stability assessment, Financial sector, Financial safety nets

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the impact of the Syrian crisis on Lebanon's economy. Output growth in Lebanon has fallen sharply since the onset of the Syrian crisis and is too low to accommodate new job seeke...

Arab Republic of Egypt
			: Request for Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Arab Republic of Egypt

Arab Republic of Egypt : Request for Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Arab Republic of Egypt »

Volume/Issue: 2017/17

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566901.002

ISBN: 9781475566901

Keywords: Egypt, Middle East

This paper discusses Egypt's Request for Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF). The EFF-supported program will help Egypt restore macroeconomic stability and promote inclusive growth. The risk...

Kuwait
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Kuwait : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/15

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566543.002

ISBN: 9781475566543

Keywords: Banking sector, Article IV consultations, Currency pegs, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic growth, Economic indicators, Fiscal reforms, Labor market reforms, Kuwait, Press releases

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic activity in the non-oil sector in Kuwait has continued to expand, albeit at a slower pace, reflecting the impact of lower oil prices. Nonhydrocarbon gr...

Kuwait
			: Selected Issues

Kuwait : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/16

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475566598.002

ISBN: 9781475566598

Keywords: Oil prices, Kuwait, Islamic banking, Liquidity management, Middle East, Economic growth, Deficit financing, Credit expansion, Banking sector, Borrowing

This Selected Issues paper analyzes budget financing options and their potential macro-financial implications for Kuwait. With large financial buffers and low debt, Kuwait has substantial room to finance the emergi...

Morocco: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Banking Supervision

Morocco: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2016/331

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475546002.002

ISBN: 9781475546002

Keywords: Morocco

This paper describes mainly the introduction and performance of the Extended Fund Facility program for Pakistan. Since the start of the program in September 2013, economic growth has gradually recovered, inflation...

Morocco: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Crisis Management, Bank Resolution, and Financial Sector Safety Net

Morocco: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Crisis Management, Bank Resolution, and Financial Sector Safety Net »

Volume/Issue: 2016/332

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475546019.002

ISBN: 9781475546019

Keywords: Morocco

This paper discusses key issues related to the economy of Poland. Thanks to its sound policies, close links to the German supply chain, and substantial EU transfers, Poland is the only country in the European Union...

Morocco: Technical Note-Macroprudential Policy
			: Institutional Arrangements and Instruments

Morocco: Technical Note-Macroprudential Policy : Institutional Arrangements and Instruments »

Volume/Issue: 2016/330

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545999.002

ISBN: 9781475545999

Keywords: Morocco

This paper assesses El Salvador's capacity and options for upgrading its fiscal framework and attempts to take a fresh look at the 'growth puzzle' from a comparative perspective. The Hausmann's growth diagnostics a...

Tunisia
			: Fiscal Transparency Evaluation

Tunisia : Fiscal Transparency Evaluation »

Volume/Issue: 2016/339

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475551242.002

ISBN: 9781475551242

Keywords: Tunisia

This paper identifies policies to increase productivity in the East, reduce regional income disparities, and promote overall income convergence. Achieving this objective will require improving educational attainmen...

Morocco: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking System

Morocco: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking System »

Volume/Issue: 2016/329

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545975.002

ISBN: 9781475545975

Keywords: Morocco, Middle East

This paper focuses on policies to raise growth; underpin fiscal sustainability while enhancing social safety nets; and strengthen financial sector stability, deepening, and inclusiveness. GDP growth averaged 2 perc...

Pakistan
			: Twelfth and Final Review Under the Extended Arrangement, Request for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria, and Proposal for Post-Program Monitoring-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Pakistan : Twelfth and Final Review Under the Extended Arrangement, Request for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria, and Proposal for Post-Program Monitoring-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2016/325

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475544183.002

ISBN: 9781475544183

Keywords: Extended arrangement reviews, Fiscal policy, Economic conditions, Fiscal consolidation, Revenue mobilization, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Banking sector, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics

This paper discusses Pakistan's Twelfth and Final Review Under the Extended Arrangement, Request for Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criteria (PCs), and Proposal for Post-Program Monitoring. The authorities...

Saudi Arabia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Informational Annex

Saudi Arabia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Informational Annex »

Volume/Issue: 2016/326

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475539523.002

ISBN: 9781475539523

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic growth, Oil prices, Fiscal policy, Fiscal consolidation, Privatization, Corporate sector, Fiscal reforms, Labor market reforms, Banking sector

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that real GDP growth in Saudi Arabia is expected to slow to 1.2 percent in 2016, but recover to 2 percent in 2017 as the pace of fiscal consolidation eases. Inflation ha...

Saudi Arabia
			: Selected Issues

Saudi Arabia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/327

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475544275.002

ISBN: 9781475544275

Keywords: Budget deficits, Deficit financing, Economic growth, Oil prices, Government expenditures, Fiscal consolidation, Privatization, Public-private sector cooperation, Selected Issues Papers, Saudi Arabia

This Selected Issues paper discusses the options for financing the government fiscal deficit in Saudi Arabia. The Saudi government is working to develop a comprehensive strategy to meet its budget financing needs....

Sudan
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sudan

Sudan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sudan »

Volume/Issue: 2016/324

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475543933.002

ISBN: 9781475543933

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic conditions, Economic growth, Commodity prices, Fiscal consolidation, Revenue mobilization, Debt relief, Monetary policy, Exchange restrictions, Multiple currency practices

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Sudan is facing significant domestic and international constraints and large macroeconomic imbalances despite efforts made toward macroeconomic stability and growth...

Pakistan
			: Eleventh Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria and Extension of the Extended Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan

Pakistan : Eleventh Review Under the Extended Arrangement and Request for Modification of Performance Criteria and Extension of the Extended Arrangement-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Pakistan »

Volume/Issue: 2016/207

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498340953.002

ISBN: 9781498340953

Keywords: Extended arrangement reviews, Fiscal policy, Fiscal consolidation, Tax administration, Fiscal reforms, Tax reforms, Monetary policy, Banking sector, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics

This paper assesses El Salvador's capacity and options for upgrading its fiscal framework and attempts to take a fresh look at the 'growth puzzle' from a comparative perspective. The Hausmann's growth diagnostics a...

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan
			: Report on Observance of Standards and Codes:  FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Islamic Republic of Afghanistan : Report on Observance of Standards and Codes: FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism »

Volume/Issue: 2011/316

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463923921.002

ISBN: 9781463923921

Keywords: Afghanistan, money laundering, law enforcement, terrorist, law enforcement agencies, terrorism

This report is a detailed assessment on antimoney laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) for the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. Afghanistan is one of the poorest countries in the world, a...

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries
			: The Role of the IMF

Improving Governance and Fighting Corruption in the Baltic and CIS Countries : The Role of the IMF »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 March 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557759443.051

ISBN: 9781557759443

Keywords: banking, bribes, fighting corruption, improving governance, foreign exchange

Drawing on recent examples of corruption in the Baltics and former Soviet Union, this pamphlet analyzes the links between governance and corruption, and emphasizes the high economic cost that corruption exacts. The...

A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows

A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Clark , Shang-Jin Wei , Natalia Tamirisa , Azim Sadikov , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063587.084

ISBN: 9781589063587

Keywords: Capital flows, Exchange rates, Trade, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate, bilateral trade

The effect of exchange rate volatility on trade flows was examined by a 1984 IMF study on G-7 countries. Over the past two decades, many developments in the world economy, such as the currency crises in the 1990s a...

Changing Customs
			: Challenges and Strategies for the Reform of Customs Administration

Changing Customs : Challenges and Strategies for the Reform of Customs Administration »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062115.058

ISBN: 9781589062115

Keywords: customs, customs administration, customs administrations, edi, tariff classification

This paper, based on the considerable practical experience of the IMF's Fiscal Affairs Department, sets out a successful strategy for modernizing customs administration. The essence is to establish transparent and...

Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations?

Is the PRGF Living Up to Expectations? »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Gabriela Inchauste , Nita Thacker , Thomas Dorsey , Shamsuddin Tareq , Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Mark Plant

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061125.084

ISBN: 9781589061125

Keywords: conditionality, pem, poverty reduction, structural conditionality, public spending

In late 1999 the IMF established the Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) to integrate the objectives of poverty reduction and growth more fully into its operations for the poorest countries, and to base th...

Growth Experience in Transition Countries, 90-98

Growth Experience in Transition Countries, 90-98 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2000

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557758033.084

ISBN: 9781557758033

Keywords: transition economies, privatization, price liberalization, transition countries, export growth

This study, another in the series focusing on special issues in transition, reviews the experience of output decline and recovery in the 25 countries of eastern and central Europe and the Baltics, Russia, and other...

Social Dimensions of the IMF'S Policy Di Alogue (Reprinted 1998) P047

Social Dimensions of the IMF'S Policy Di Alogue (Reprinted 1998) P047 »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754790.054

ISBN: 9781557754790

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, safety nets, social safety nets, subsidies

This pamphlet focuses on the IMF's role in social policy advice. First,the evolution of the IMF's involvement in social issues is traced,and the lessons that can be drawn from this experience, includingpolicy impli...

Selected Decisions, 17th Edition

Selected Decisions, 17th Edition »

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 1992

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970920.014

ISBN: 9781451970920

Keywords: of the, balance of payments, board of governors, structural adjustment, iv

This Volume contains decisions, interpretations, and resolutions of the Executive Board and the Board of Governors of the IMF, as well as selected documents relating to current activities of the Fund....

Selected Decisions, 16th Edition

Selected Decisions, 16th Edition »

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451970876.014

ISBN: 9781451970876

Keywords: of the, balance of payments, board of governors, iii, iv

This Volume contains decisions, interpretations, and resolutions of the Executive Board and the Board of Governors of the IMF, as well as selected documents relating to current activities of the Fund....