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China
			: Economic Reform and Macroeconomic Management

China : Economic Reform and Macroeconomic Management »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Gyorgy Szapary , Steven Dunaway , David Burton , and Mario Bléjer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557752024.084

ISBN: 9781557752024

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, state enterprises, monetary fund, price level

China encountered problems preserving economic stability while pursuing reforms aimed at increasing its economic flexibility and efficiency. This paper examines China's experience with market-oriented reforms since...

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934683.084

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...