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India
			: 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : 2019 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2019/385

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524108.002

ISBN: 9781513524108

Keywords: Balance of payments, External sector, Economic growth, Economic indicators, Consumption, ISCR, CR, RBI, staff report, percent of GDP

This 2019 Article IV Consultation with India discusses that India has been among the world's fastest-growing economies in recent years, lifting millions out of poverty. However, growth slowed to a six-year low in t...

Inflation Co-Movement in Emerging and Developing Asia: The Monsoon Effect

Inflation Co-Movement in Emerging and Developing Asia: The Monsoon Effect »

Volume/Issue: 2019/147

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Patrick Blagrave

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 July 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498321761.001

ISBN: 9781498321761

Keywords: Nominal effective exchange rate, Inflation targeting, Inflation rates, Inflation expectations, Monetary policy, Inflation, spillovers, co-movement, weather, core inflation

Co-movement (synchronicity) in inflation rates among a set of 13 emerging and developing countries in Asia is shown to be strongest for the food component, partly due to common rainfall shocks-a result which the pa...

Closing Gender Gaps in India: Does Increasing Womens' Access to Finance Help?

Closing Gender Gaps in India: Does Increasing Womens' Access to Finance Help? »

Volume/Issue: 2018/212

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484377468.001

ISBN: 9781484377468

Keywords: Discrimination, India, Asia and Pacific, gender inequality, informality, DSGE, Indian economy, Bayesian estimation

Gender gaps in womens' economic opportunities-labor market and entrepreneurship-have remained high in India. Lack of adequate collateral limits women entrepreneurs' ability to access formal finance, leaving them to...

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific

Financial Inclusion in Asia-Pacific »

Volume/Issue: 2018/17

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Elena Loukoianova , Yongzheng Yang , Si Guo , Leni Hunter , Sarwat Jahan , Fazurin Jamaludin , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484371015.087

ISBN: 9781484371015

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Financial institutions, Financial services industry, Poor, financial inclusion, macroeconomic policymaking, fintech, Asia, Asia Pacific, Pacific

Asia has made significant progress in financial inclusion, but both its across-country and intra-country disparities are among the highest in the world. The gaps between the rich and the poor, rural and urban popul...

India
			: 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : 2018 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2018/254

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 August 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484373125.002

ISBN: 9781484373125

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal sustainability, Monetary policy, Exchange rate flexibility, Financial sector, Corporate sector, Balance sheets, Fiscal reforms, Inclusive growth

This 2018 Article IV Consultation highlights that stability-oriented macroeconomic policies and progress on structural reforms continue to bear fruit in India. Following disruptions related to the November 2016 cur...

India
			: Selected Issues

India : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2018/255

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 August 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484373200.002

ISBN: 9781484373200

Keywords: Consumption taxes, Fiscal rules, Foreign direct investment, Resource allocation, Labor market reforms, Agricultural sector, Selected issues

This Selected Issues paper discusses potential trade-offs of simplifying the goods and services tax (GST)-a milestone reform in India's tax policy. The GST is an important step of unifying and harmonizing numerous...

Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India

Universal Basic Income in Developing Countries: Issues, Options, and Illustration for India »

Volume/Issue: 2018/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , and Delphine Prady

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484370049.001

ISBN: 9781484370049

Keywords: Government expenditures and welfare programs, Asia and Pacific, India, Universal basic income, safety net reform, efficient energy pricing, distributional gains

This paper discusses two common arguments for the adoption of a UBI; that it can be a more effective way of supporting low-income households when existing safety net programs are inefficient, and that it can genera...

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific
			: Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare

Regional Economic Outlook, April 2018, Asia Pacific : Good Times, Uncertain Times: A Time to Prepare »

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 May 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339886.086

ISBN: 9781484339886

Asia is expected to grow by about 51/2 percent this year, accounting for nearly two-thirds of global growth, and the region remains the world's most dynamic by a considerable margin. But despite the strong outlook,...

Advancing the Frontiers of Monetary Policy

Advancing the Frontiers of Monetary Policy »

Series: Books

Author(s): Tobias Adrian , Douglas Laxton , and Maurice Obstfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484325940.071

ISBN: 9781484325940

Keywords: Inflation Targeting, Monetary Policy, Central Banking, Central Bank Communications, Financial Stability, Forward Guidance, Optimal Control

Inflation-forecast targeting is state of the art for monetary policy. This book explores first principles, including managing short-term policy trade-offs. The book also...

India
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program: Insurance Sector Regulation and Supervision-Technical Note

India : Financial Sector Assessment Program: Insurance Sector Regulation and Supervision-Technical Note »

Volume/Issue: 2018/86

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 April 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484348703.002

ISBN: 9781484348703

Keywords: Financial Sector Assessment Program, Insurance, Insurance regulations, Insurance supervision, India, Financial crises, Financial management, Macroprudential policies and financial stability, Financial services, Health insurance

This Technical Note provides an assessment of the recent development of regulation and supervision of the Indian insurance sector. The sector has continued to grow in scale and diversity, surmounting the adverse im...

India
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

India : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2018/4

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337080.002

ISBN: 9781484337080

Keywords: Financial Sector Assessment Program, Bank supervision, Financial stability, Basel Core Principles, India

This report evaluates the Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision in India. It highlights that the supervision and regulation by the Reserve Bank of India remain strong and have im...

India
			: Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2017/390

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484334164.002

ISBN: 9781484334164

Keywords: Financial system stability assessment, Financial sector, Financial stability, Bank supervision, Insurance supervision, Securities regulations, Crisis prevention, Stress testing, Debt restructuring, Liquidity management

This paper discusses the findings of the Financial System Stability Assessment for India. Since the 2011 Financial Sector Assessment Program, India has recorded strong growth in both economic activity and financial...

FY2017--Output Cost Estimates and Budget Outturn Paper

FY2017--Output Cost Estimates and Budget Outturn Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2017/035

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Office of Budget and Planning

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498346436.007

ISBN: 9781498346436

Keywords: Budget estimates, Public financial management, Fiscal space, Capital expenditure, Production, outturn, country work, corporate service, capacity development, total spend

With continued efforts to maximize the use of available resources, the FY 17 outturn represents a small increase in spending within a largely flat budget envelope. Reallocations from lower priority areas and effici...

Financial Frictions, Underinvestment, and Investment Composition
			: Evidence from Indian Corporates

Financial Frictions, Underinvestment, and Investment Composition : Evidence from Indian Corporates »

Volume/Issue: 2017/134

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302644.001

ISBN: 9781484302644

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, India, Investment, Corporate Leverage, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

This paper studies private investment in India against the backdrop of a significant investment decline over the past decade. We analyze the potential causes of weaker investment at the firm level, using both firm-...

Reforming Energy Policy in India
			: Assessing the Options

Reforming Energy Policy in India : Assessing the Options »

Volume/Issue: 2017/103

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Victor Mylonas , and Nate Vernon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475595734.001

ISBN: 9781475595734

Keywords: Revenues, Asia and Pacific, India, Air pollution deaths, Paris targets, welfare effects, incidence, coal tax, energy price reform, Government Policy

Spreadsheet models are used to assess the environmental, fiscal, economic, and incidence effects of a wide range of options for reducing fossil fuel use in India. Among the most effective options is ramping up the...

India
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2017/54

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579789.002

ISBN: 9781475579789

Keywords: India, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights strong growth recorded by the Indian economy in recent years helped by a large terms-of-trade gain and positive policy actions. Inflation has remained low following the...

India
			: Selected Issues

India : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579819.002

ISBN: 9781475579819

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, India

This Selected Issues paper evaluates corporate and banking sector vulnerabilities in India. The analysis shows that while corporate sector risks have subsided, debt repayment capacity remains strained, and high lev...

Inflation-Forecast Targeting for India
			: An Outline of the Analytical Framework

Inflation-Forecast Targeting for India : An Outline of the Analytical Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2017/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaromir Benes , Kevin Clinton , Asish George , Joice John , Ondra Kamenik , Douglas Laxton , Pratik Mitra , G.V. Nadhanael , Hou Wang , and Fan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475578690.001

ISBN: 9781475578690

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Disinflation, India, Inflation targeting, Forecasting models, Monetary policy, Price stabilization, Central banks and their policies, inflation targeting; Reserve Bank of India; inflation episodes in India; forecasting models; monetary policy models; model calibration; monetary policy rules; monetary policy simulations, Reserve Bank of India

India formally adopted flexible inflation targeting (FIT) in June 2016 to place price stability, defined in terms of a target CPI inflation, as the primary objective of monetary policy. In this context, the paper d...

Quarterly Projection Model for India
			: Key Elements and Properties

Quarterly Projection Model for India : Key Elements and Properties »

Volume/Issue: 2017/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaromir Benes , Kevin Clinton , Asish George , Pranav Gupta , Joice John , Ondra Kamenik , Douglas Laxton , Pratik Mitra , G.V. Nadhanael , Rafael Portillo , Hou Wang , and Fan Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475578706.001

ISBN: 9781475578706

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Monetary policy, Monetary transmission mechanism, Interest rate policy, Forecasting models, Inflation targeting, India, Asia and Pacific, inflation targeting; Reserve Bank of India; inflation episodes in India; forecasting models; monetary policy models; model calibration; monetary policy rules; monetary policy simulations, Reserve Bank of India

This paper outlines the key features of the production version of the quarterly projection model (QPM), which is a forward-looking open-economy gap model, calibrated to represent the Indian case, for generating for...

Indian Financial Sector
			: Structure, Trends and Turns

Indian Financial Sector : Structure, Trends and Turns »

Volume/Issue: 2017/7

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , and Partha Ray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475570168.001

ISBN: 9781475570168

Keywords: Central banks and their policies, Banks, Banking, Asia and Pacific, Capital markets, External sector, Financial sector, Insurance, India, Nonbank financial sector

This paper traces the story of Indian financial sector over the period 1950-2015. In identifying the trends and turns of Indian financial sector, the paper adopts a three period classification viz., (a) the 1950s a...

The Influence of Gender Budgeting in Indian States on Gender Inequality and Fiscal Spending

The Influence of Gender Budgeting in Indian States on Gender Inequality and Fiscal Spending »

Volume/Issue: 2016/227

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky , and Asad Zaman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475555219.001

ISBN: 9781475555219

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Asia and Pacific, gender budgeting, gender inequality, Indian states, General, General, Economics of Gender

This study investigates the effect of gender budgeting in India on gender inequality and fiscal spending. Gender budgeting is an approach to budgeting in which governments use fiscal policies and administration to...

Monetary Transmission in Developing Countries
			: Evidence from India

Monetary Transmission in Developing Countries : Evidence from India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/167

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prachi Mishra , Peter Montiel , and Rajeswari Sengupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475523966.001

ISBN: 9781475523966

Keywords: monetary policy, bank lending, India

We examine the strength of monetary transmission in India, using a conventional structural VAR methodology. We find that a tightening of monetary policy is associated with a significant increase in bank lending rat...

What is Responsible for India's Sharp Disinflation?

What is Responsible for India's Sharp Disinflation? »

Volume/Issue: 2016/166

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sajjid Chinoy , Pankaj Kumar , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475523935.001

ISBN: 9781475523935

Keywords: inflation, India

We analyze the dramatic decline in India's inflation over the last two years using an augmented Phillips Curve approach and quantify the role of different factors. Our results suggest that, contrary to popular perc...

Asia
			: A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts

Asia : A Survey of Gender Budgeting Efforts »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lekha Chakraborty

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475519914.001

ISBN: 9781475519914

Keywords: India, Fiscal policy, Cross country analysis, Budgeting, Asia, Asia and Pacific, Australia, Philippines, Korea, Republic of, Gender

This paper reviews gender budgeting efforts in Asia. The countries in the region have achieved mixed success in improving gender equality. Gender budgeting is ideally a fiscal innovation that translates gender-rela...

Mauritius

Mauritius »

Volume/Issue: 2016/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475522662.002

ISBN: 9781475522662

Keywords: investment, monetary fund, investment rates, banking sector, reserve, Mauritius, Sub-Saharan Africa

This paper discusses key issues related to the economy of Mauritius. In 2015, the economy of Mauritius has grown at moderate rate; inflation is low; and the external position has improved. However, macroeconomic co...

Sharing the Growth Dividend
			: Analysis of Inequality in Asia

Sharing the Growth Dividend : Analysis of Inequality in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2016/48

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Jain-Chandra , Tidiane Kinda , Kalpana Kochhar , Shi Piao , and Johanna Schauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513546544.001

ISBN: 9781513546544

Keywords: Inequality, Gini coefficient, income, income inequality, consumption, income share, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution, Equity, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

This paper focusses on income inequality in Asia, its drivers and policies to combat it. It finds that income inequality has risen in most of Asia, in contrast to many regions. While in the past, rapid growth in As...

India
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524306.002

ISBN: 9781513524306

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, reserve, banking sector, market

This paper discusses outlook and risk related to the economic development of India. The Indian economy is on a recovery path, supported by a large terms of trade gain (about 21/2 percent of GDP) and reduced externa...

India

India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525815.002

ISBN: 9781513525815

Keywords: prices, price, market, labor market, volatility, Corporate sector, China, Banks, Capital controls, Capital account liberalization

This paper explores key issues affecting the Indian economy and implications for fiscal, monetary, financial sector, and other structural policies. This paper evaluates the build-up of corporate and banking sector...

Macroeconomic Impact of Product and Labor Market Reforms on Informality and Unemployment in India

Macroeconomic Impact of Product and Labor Market Reforms on Informality and Unemployment in India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , and Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513545257.001

ISBN: 9781513545257

Keywords: Wage bargaining, India, Asia and Pacific, structural reforms, product market deregulation, labor market deregulation, unemployment, informality, DSGE, Indian economy

This paper investigates the implications of lowering formal regulations in labor and product markets on informality and macroeconomic outcomes in India. We estimate a DSGE model with an informal sector, and rigidit...

Finance and Development March 2016

Finance and Development March 2016 »

Volume/Issue: 53/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Communications Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513570532.022

ISBN: 9781513570532

Keywords: Finance and Development, population, population growth, workforce, monetary fund, finance

This article profiles economist David Card, whose work on minimum wages, immigration, and education challenged conventional wisdom. Card rose to prominence in 1995 when he won the coveted John Bates Clark Medal, th...

Taming Indian Inflation

Taming Indian Inflation »

Series: Books

Author(s): Paul Cashin , and Rahul Anand

Publisher: Rawat Publications

Publication Date: 25 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513541259.071

ISBN: 9781513541259

Keywords: Inflation, Inflation persistence, Inflation targeting implementation, food, prices, demand, monetary policy

High and persistent inflation has presented serious macroeconomic challenges in India in recent years, increasing the country's domestic and external vulnerabilities. A number of factors underpin India's high infla...

Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation

Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation »

Series: Miscellaneous Publication (Other)

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/TIIEAEX.073

ISBN: TIIEAEX

Keywords: Price indexes, Supply and demand, Financial statistics, Demand elasticity, Development, support price, nonfood, food expenditure, buffer stock, food category

Excerpt: Taming Indian Inflation...

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators »

Volume/Issue: 2016/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Crowley , Plapa Koukpamou , Elena Loukoianova , and André Mialou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498337014.001

ISBN: 9781498337014

Keywords: Financial Soundness Indicators, Concentration and Distribution Measures, institutions, data, pilot project, confidentiality, information, General, All Countries, Fiscal Crisis,

This paper reports the main findings of a pilot project launched in July 2014 by the IMF’s Statistics Department to test augmenting the IMF’s financial soundness indicators (FSIs) with concentration and distributio...

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement »

Volume/Issue: 2016/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky , Sakina Shibuya , Lisa Kolovich , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475592955.001

ISBN: 9781475592955

Keywords: Economics of gender, gender indicators, indices, women, gender equality, life expectancy, mortality, maternal mortality, General, All Countries

This paper examines trends in indicators of gender equality and women’s development, using evidence derived from individual indicators and gender equality indices. We extend both the United Nations Development Prog...

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India

Macroeconomic Impacts of Gender Inequality and Informality in India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/16

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475590784.001

ISBN: 9781475590784

Keywords: gender inequality, informality, DSGE model, Indian economy, Bayesian estimation, labor market, labor, workers, unemployment, labor force

This paper examines the macroeconomic interaction between informality and gender inequality in the labor market. A dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model is built to study the impact of gender-targeted polici...

Understanding India’s Food Inflation

Understanding India’s Food Inflation »

Volume/Issue: 2016/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Naresh Kumar , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581347.001

ISBN: 9781513581347

Keywords: food inflation, cereal buffer stocks, food, cereals, rice, wheat, food supply, Forecasting and Simulation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

Over the past decade, India has seen a prolonged period of high inflation, to a large extent driven by persistently-high food inflation. This paper investigates the demand and supply factors behind the contribution...

Corporate Investment in Emerging Markets
			: Financing vs. Real Options Channel

Corporate Investment in Emerging Markets : Financing vs. Real Options Channel »

Volume/Issue: 2015/285

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delong Li , Nicolas Magud , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513539935.001

ISBN: 9781513539935

Keywords: financial frictions, real options, uncertainty shocks, interest, interest rates, markets, cash flows, General, All Countries,

We examine how firm and country heterogeneity shape the response of corporate investment in emerging markets to changes in global interest rates and volatility. We test for the presence of (i) a financing channel o...

Crowding-Out or Crowding-In? Public and Private Investment in India

Crowding-Out or Crowding-In? Public and Private Investment in India »

Volume/Issue: 2015/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Girish Bahal , Mehdi Raissi , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513541655.001

ISBN: 9781513541655

Keywords: Public investment, Private investment, Crowding in, Crowding out, Permanent shocks, Structural identification, Vector error correction models, investment, capital, investment activity

This paper contributes to the debate on the relationship between public-capital accumulation and private investment in India along the following dimensions. First, acknowledging major structural changes that the In...

Contingent Liabilities from Banks
			: How to Track Them?

Contingent Liabilities from Banks : How to Track Them? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/255

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serkan Arslanalp , and Yin Liao

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513568560.001

ISBN: 9781513568560

Keywords: bank, banks, banking, risk, Government Policy and Regulation, All Countries,

In this paper, we develop a methodology to assess potential losses to the government that could arise from bank failures. The approach is intended to be simple, parsimonious, and used in real time. It generates an...

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence

Are Capital Inflows Expansionary or Contractionary? Theory, Policy Implications, and Some Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2015/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olivier Blanchard , Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513500805.001

ISBN: 9781513500805

Keywords: capital inflows, bonds, bond, return, domestic bonds, All Countries, apital inflows,

The workhorse open-economy macro model suggests that capital inflows are contractionary because they appreciate the currency and reduce net exports. Emerging market policy makers however believe that inflows lead t...

What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target?

What Measure of Inflation Should a Developing Country Central Bank Target? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Eswar Prasad , and Boyang Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572574.001

ISBN: 9781513572574

Keywords: monetary policy framework, core inflation, headline inflation, financial frictions, inflation, economies, welfare, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

In closed or open economy models with complete markets, targeting core inflation enables monetary policy to maximize welfare by replicating the flexible price equilibrium. We analyze this result in the context of d...

From Ambition to Execution
			: Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals

From Ambition to Execution : Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals »

Volume/Issue: 2015/18

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Catherine Pattillo , Adrian Peralta-Alva , Andrea Presbitero , Baoping Shang , Genevieve Verdier , Marie-Therese Camilleri , Kazuaki Washimi , Lisa Kolovich , Monique Newiak , Martin Cihak , Inci Otker , Luis-Felipe Zanna , and Carol Baker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513573304.006

ISBN: 9781513573304

Keywords: Inclusive growth, Income inequality, Gender, Environmental sustainability, Sustainable development, Fiscal policy, Developing countries, sustainable development goals, growth, structural transformation

The formal launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets the global development agenda through 2030, placing significant emphasis on promoting social and environmental sustainability alongside economic gr...

Financial Inclusion
			: Can it Meet Multiple Macroeconomic Goals?

Financial Inclusion : Can it Meet Multiple Macroeconomic Goals? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/17

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Srobona Mitra , Annette Kyobe , Yen Mooi , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513585154.006

ISBN: 9781513585154

Keywords: Financial services, Economic growth, Inclusive growth, Household credit, Business enterprises, Financial sector, Income inequality, Gender, Economic stability, Financial stability

Using several recently available global datasets, this Staff Discussion Note examines macroeconomic effects of financial inclusion. It finds significant benefits to economic growth from financial inclusion, but the...

Price and Income Elasticity of Indian Exports-The Role of Supply-Side Bottlenecks

Price and Income Elasticity of Indian Exports-The Role of Supply-Side Bottlenecks »

Volume/Issue: 2015/161

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mehdi Raissi , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513544816.001

ISBN: 9781513544816

Keywords: export demand, income and price elasticity, energy shortages, demand, supply, supply-side, price elasticity, income elasticity, Models with Panel Data, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

This paper estimates the short-term and long-run price and income elasticity of Indian exports, and investigates the role of supply-side bottlenecks in shaping India's export demand relationship. We use disaggregat...

The Quest for the Holy Grail
			: Efficient and Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in India

The Quest for the Holy Grail : Efficient and Equitable Fiscal Consolidation in India »

Volume/Issue: 2015/152

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Chadi Abdallah , David Coady , Sanjeev Gupta , and Emine Hanedar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 July 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513592657.001

ISBN: 9781513592657

Keywords: fiscal redistribution, efficient consumption taxes, social transfers, targeting, income, tax, prices, share, taxes, General

Achieving fiscal consolidation without undermining growth and poverty-reduction efforts is a key policy challenge in many countries. Using India as an illustration, this paper shows how a mix of well-designed taxat...

Monetary Policy in India
			: Transmission to Bank Interest Rates

Monetary Policy in India : Transmission to Bank Interest Rates »

Volume/Issue: 2015/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513598796.001

ISBN: 9781513598796

Keywords: Monetary policy transmission, deposit rates, monetary policy, interest, interest rates, lending, bank interest rates, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

This paper provides new evidence on the credit channel of monetary policy transmission in India. Using stepwise estimation of vector error correction models, the analysis finds significant, albeit slow, pass-throug...

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets
			: Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals

Push Factors and Capital Flows to Emerging Markets : Why Knowing Your Lender Matters More Than Fundamentals »

Volume/Issue: 2015/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , Stijn Claessens , and Damien Puy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 June 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513526638.001

ISBN: 9781513526638

Keywords: Push factors, global banks, markets, portfolio, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration, Portfolio Choice,

This paper analyzes the behavior of gross capital inflows across 34 emerging markets (EMs). We first confirm that aggregate inflows to EMs co-move considerably. We then report three findings: (i) the aggregate co-m...

Make in India
			: Which Exports Can Drive the Next Wave of Growth?

Make in India : Which Exports Can Drive the Next Wave of Growth? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/119

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Kalpana Kochhar , and Saurabh Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513597393.001

ISBN: 9781513597393

Keywords: Growth, Innovations, transport, travel, vehicles, transportation, infrastructure, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Comparative Studies of Countries,

Structural transformation depends not only on how much countries export but also on what they export and with whom they trade. This paper breaks new ground in analyzing India's exports by the technological content,...

Fair Weather or Foul? The Macroeconomic Effects of El Niño

Fair Weather or Foul? The Macroeconomic Effects of El Niño »

Volume/Issue: 2015/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Kamiar Mohaddes , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535495.001

ISBN: 9781475535495

Keywords: El Ni&;amp;#x00F1;o weather shocks, oil and non-fuel commodity prices, global macroeconometric modeling, international business cycle, prices, inflation, variables, gdp, trade, Time-Series Models

This paper employs a dynamic multi-country framework to analyze the international macroeconomic transmission of El Niño weather shocks. This framework comprises 21 country/region-specific models, estimated over the...

Women Workers in India
			: Why So Few Among So Many?

Women Workers in India : Why So Few Among So Many? »

Volume/Issue: 2015/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sonali Das , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , and Naresh Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498315005.001

ISBN: 9781498315005

Keywords: Female labor force participation, labor market regulation, informal labor markets, labor force, labor, labor force participation, labor market, female labor, Economics of Gender, Particular Labor Markets: Public Policy

This paper examines the determinants of female labor force participation in India, against the backdrop of India having one of the lowest participation rates for women among peer countries. Using extensive Indian...

India
			: Staff Report for The 2015 Article IV Consultation

India : Staff Report for The 2015 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2015/61

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498341783.002

ISBN: 9781498341783

Keywords: inflation, market, markets, tax, monetary fund

This 2015 Article IV Consultation highlights that India's near-term growth outlook has improved, and the balance of risks is now more favorable, helped by increased political certainty, several positive policy acti...

India
			: Selected Issues Paper

India : Selected Issues Paper »

Volume/Issue: 2015/62

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498316200.002

ISBN: 9781498316200

Keywords: market volatility, volatility, global financial market, financial market, investment

This Selected Issues paper examines how surges in global financial market volatility spill over to emerging market economies (EMs) including India. The results suggest that a surge in global financial market volati...

Pressing the Indian Growth Accelerator
			: Policy Imperatives

Pressing the Indian Growth Accelerator : Policy Imperatives »

Volume/Issue: 2015/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , and Muneesh Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 March 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498301114.001

ISBN: 9781498301114

Keywords: Growth, Infratsructure, transport, infrastructure, tax, transportation, roads, General, General, General

India's real GDP growth slipped substantially after the North Atlantic financial crisis. Return to a sustained high growth trajectory is feasible but it will need much more focused attention to the revival of manuf...

Finance & Development, March 2015

Finance & Development, March 2015 »

Volume/Issue: 52/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498351942.022

ISBN: 9781498351942

Keywords: Finance and Development, jobs, labor market, unemployment, finance, monetary fund

This chapter discusses the impact of global recession on the working population and looks at the future of work in the global economy from a variety of angles. IMF economist Prakash Loungani leads off with an overv...

Financial Decisions and Investment Outcomes in Developing Countries
			: The Role of Institutions

Financial Decisions and Investment Outcomes in Developing Countries : The Role of Institutions »

Volume/Issue: 2015/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498359054.001

ISBN: 9781498359054

Keywords: Corporate Decisions, Legal Origin, Investor Protection, investment, investor, exchange,

This paper analyzes how differences in legal origin, judicial efficiency, and investor protection affect firm leverage and earnings volatility across developing countries. Using a large number of developing countri...

Juego limpio
			: Leyes más equitativas fomentan la participación femenina en la fuerza laboral

Juego limpio : Leyes más equitativas fomentan la participación femenina en la fuerza laboral »

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Christian Gonzales , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , and Monique Newiak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513573564.006

ISBN: 9781513573564

Keywords: Participación en la fuerza laboral, Mujeres, Igualdad de género,Mercados de trabajo, Reformas del mercado laboral, Aspectos económicos de la familia, Análisis entre países

En este Documento de Análisis del Personal Técnico se estudia el efecto de las restricciones legales basadas en el género y de las políticas públicas y las características demográficas en la participación femenina...

On the First-Round Effects of International Food Price Shocks
			: the Role of the Asset Market Structure

On the First-Round Effects of International Food Price Shocks : the Role of the Asset Market Structure »

Volume/Issue: 2015/33

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rafael Portillo , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498333092.001

ISBN: 9781498333092

Keywords: Food Price Shocks, First-Round Effects, New-Keynesian Models, Asset Market Structure, food, price, market, prices, inflation, General

We develop a tractable small open-economy model to study the first-round effects of international food price shocks in developing countries. We define first-round effects as changes in headline inflation that, hold...

Uncertainty and Unemployment
			: The Effects of Aggregate and Sectoral Channels

Uncertainty and Unemployment : The Effects of Aggregate and Sectoral Channels »

Volume/Issue: 2015/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sangyup Choi , and Prakash Loungani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498356305.001

ISBN: 9781498356305

Keywords: aggregate uncertainty, sectoral uncertainty, stock market, Great Recession, unemployment rate, labor, labor market, long-term unemployment, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

We study the role of uncertainty shocks in explaining unemployment dynamics, separating out the role of aggregate and sectoral channels. Using S&P500 data from the first quarter of 1957 to third quarter of 2014, we...

Central Counterparties
			: Addressing their Too Important to Fail Nature

Central Counterparties : Addressing their Too Important to Fail Nature »

Volume/Issue: 2015/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Froukelien Wendt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475572933.001

ISBN: 9781475572933

Keywords: central counterparties, interdependencies, too important to fail, recovery and resolution, risk waterfall, markets, market, default, liquidity, Government Policy and Regulation

Central counterparties (CCPs) can offer significant benefits to a market. However, CCPs are also highly interconnected with financial institutions and markets and therefore too important to fail. The increased volu...

The Effects of U.S. Unconventional Monetary Policy on Asia Frontier Developing Economies

The Effects of U.S. Unconventional Monetary Policy on Asia Frontier Developing Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2015/18

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sohrab Rafiq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498334037.001

ISBN: 9781498334037

Keywords: unconventional monetary policy, interest rates, exchange rate, international monetary fund, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Open Economy Macroeconomics,

This paper explores the effect of U.S. unconventional monetary policy (QE2) on a group of frontier developing economies (FDEs) in Asia. This paper finds that spillovers emanating from the U.S. on FDEs in Asia have...

Uncertainty and the Employment Dynamics of Small and Large Businesses

Uncertainty and the Employment Dynamics of Small and Large Businesses »

Volume/Issue: 2015/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Vivek Ghosal , and Yang Ye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 January 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475552515.001

ISBN: 9781475552515

Keywords: uncertainty, small businesses, real-options, financing-constraints, costs, gdp, forecasting, variables, investment, General

We examine the impact of uncertainty on employment dynamics. Alternative measures of uncertainty are constructed based on the survey of professional forecasters, and regressionbased forecasting models for GDP growt...

The Size Distribution of Manufacturing Plants and Development

The Size Distribution of Manufacturing Plants and Development »

Volume/Issue: 2014/236

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Siddharth Kothari

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498334396.001

ISBN: 9781498334396

Keywords: size distribution, non-homothetic preferences, quality, goods, income, distribution, prices, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Asia including Middle East,

The typical size distribution of manufacturing plants in developing countries has a thick left tail compared to developed countries. The same holds across Indian states, with richer states having a much smaller sha...

Corporate Vulnerabilities in India and Banks' Loan Performance

Corporate Vulnerabilities in India and Banks' Loan Performance »

Volume/Issue: 2014/232

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Lindner , and Sung Eun Jung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498334235.001

ISBN: 9781498334235

Keywords: firm resilience, bank-corporate dependencies, leverage, corporate performance, debt, share, loan, market, Firm Behavior: Empirical Analysis, General

The financial performance of India's corporate sector has been under pressure since the Global Financial Crisis. Balance-sheet data on a large cross-section of Indian non-financial corporates show that the growth i...

Does Inflation Slow Long-Run Growth in India?

Does Inflation Slow Long-Run Growth in India? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kamiar Mohaddes , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498399982.001

ISBN: 9781498399982

Keywords: growth, threshold effects, cross-sectional heterogeneity, dependence, inflation rate, economics, money, Models with Panel Data, General, cross-sectional heterogeneity and dependence.,

This paper examines the long-run relationship between consumer price index industrial workers (CPI-IW) inflation and GDP growth in India. We collect data on a sample of 14 Indian states over the period 1989-2013, a...

Slowdown in Emerging Markets
			: Sign of a Bumpy Road Ahead?

Slowdown in Emerging Markets : Sign of a Bumpy Road Ahead? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/205

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Evridiki Tsounta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 November 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498304719.001

ISBN: 9781498304719

Keywords: potential growth, emerging market economies, growth, growth rate, capital, tfp, labor, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Following very strong growth during the period 2000-12, emerging market economies (EMEs) experienced a slowdown in the last couple of years. This paper examines the supply-side drivers of the strong growth performa...

Emerging Market Volatility
			: Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum »

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498318204.006

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

Volatilidad en los mercados emergentes
			: Lecciones de mayo de 2013

Volatilidad en los mercados emergentes : Lecciones de mayo de 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513534459.006

ISBN: 9781513534459

Keywords: Mercados emergentes, volatilidad de los mercados de capital internacionales, flujos de capital, política monetaria, política macroprudencial, Estados Unidos, países desarrollados

Las políticas monetarias acomodaticias de las economías avanzadas han estimulado la entrada de capitales en los mercados emergentes desde la crisis financiera internacional. En un episodio que comenzó en mayo de 20...

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments

How Much is A Lot? Historical Evidence on the Size of Fiscal Adjustments »

Volume/Issue: 2014/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Julio Escolano , Laura Jaramillo , Carlos Mulas-Granados , and G. Terrier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378861.001

ISBN: 9781484378861

Keywords: Deficit, primary balance, size of adjustment, fiscal adjustments, fiscal consolidations, Structure and Scope of Government,

The sizeable fiscal consolidation required to stabilize the debt-to-GDP ratios in several countries in the aftermath of the global crisis raises a crucial question on its feasibility. To answer this question, we re...

Food Inflation in India
			: The Role for Monetary Policy

Food Inflation in India : The Role for Monetary Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2014/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Ding Ding , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484392096.001

ISBN: 9781484392096

Keywords: food inflation, monetary fund, inflation dynamics, real interest rate, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), Forecasting and Simulation, Fiscal and Monetary Policy in Development,

Indian food and fuel inflation has remained high for several years, and second-round effects on core inflation are estimated to be large. This paper estimates the size of second-round effects using an estimated red...

Capital Flows, Financial Intermediation and Macroprudential Policies

Capital Flows, Financial Intermediation and Macroprudential Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2014/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matteo Ghilardi , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498365659.001

ISBN: 9781498365659

Keywords: Financial Frictions, capital inflows, banking, bank capital, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper develops an open-economy DSGE model with an optimizing banking sector to assess the role of capital flows, macro-financial linkages, and macroprudential policies in emerging Asia. The key result is that...

Credit Quality in Developing Economies
			: Remittances to the Rescue?

Credit Quality in Developing Economies : Remittances to the Rescue? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/144

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , Boileau Loko , and Arina Viseth

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498377911.001

ISBN: 9781498377911

Keywords: nonperforming loans, macroeconomic volatility, remittance, output growth, remittance inflows, migrant, Globalization: Finance,

This paper analyzes the link between remittances inflows and nonperforming loans (NPLs) in a large sample of developing countries. Theoretical transmission channels include risk coping, exchange rate and growth imp...

Growth
			: Now and Forever?

Growth : Now and Forever? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giang Ho , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 July 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498309820.001

ISBN: 9781498309820

Keywords: growth forecast, optimism bias, forecast horizon, economic growth, growth forecasts, growth rates, growth rate, economic growth forecasts,

Forecasters often predict continued rapid economic growth into the medium and long term for countries that have recently experienced strong growth. Using long-term forecasts of economic growth from the IMF/World Ba...

Mauritius
			: Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation

Mauritius : Staff Report for the 2014 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/107

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 May 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484367582.002

ISBN: 9781484367582

Keywords: external debt, current account, public debt, current account deficit, debt sustainability

This 2014 Article IV Consultation highlights that with subdued international prices, inflationary pressures in Mauritius declined in 2013, despite the public sector wage increases. The unemployment rate was unchang...

India's Recent Macroeconomic Performance
			: An Assessment and Way Forward

India's Recent Macroeconomic Performance : An Assessment and Way Forward »

Volume/Issue: 2014/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muneesh Kapur , and Rakesh Mohan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484360675.001

ISBN: 9781484360675

Keywords: Exchange Rate, Growth, Oil Demand, Savings, inflation, financial stability, real interest rate, real interest rates, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

The macroeconomic policy response in India after the North Atlantic financial crisis (NAFC) was rapid. The overshooting of the stimulus and its gradual withdrawal sowed seeds for inflationary and BoP pressures and...

Monetary Policy Coordination and the Role of Central Banks

Monetary Policy Coordination and the Role of Central Banks »

Volume/Issue: 2014/70

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , and Muneesh Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484362518.001

ISBN: 9781484362518

Keywords: coordination, unconventional monetary policy, monetary policies, monetary fund, central bank, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

The unconventional monetary policies (UMPs) pursued by the advanced economies (AEs) have posed macroeconomic challenges for the emerging market economies (EMEs) through volatile capital flows and exchange rates. AE...

India
			: Defining and Explaining Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction

India : Defining and Explaining Inclusive Growth and Poverty Reduction »

Volume/Issue: 2014/63

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Volodymyr Tulin , and Naresh Kumar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 April 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484354230.001

ISBN: 9781484354230

Keywords: state level growth, inequality, consumption growth, social mobility, social spending, Institutions and Growth, Microeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Personal Income and Wealth Distribution,

We document the evolution of poverty and inequality across Indian states during the recent period of rapid growth (2004-09), and examine the role of growth and distribution in reducing poverty. Robust economic grow...

Disentangling India's Investment Slowdown

Disentangling India's Investment Slowdown »

Volume/Issue: 2014/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 March 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475531183.001

ISBN: 9781475531183

Keywords: Investments, Policy Uncertainty, inflation, real interest rate, real interest rates, monetary policy, monetary fund, General, Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

This paper documents the recent slowdown in investment in India and explores its underlying causes. The sharp investment deceleration has sparked an intense debate about the role of interest rates, as well as busin...

Asia's Stock Markets
			: Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons?

Asia's Stock Markets : Are There Crouching Tigers and Hidden Dragons? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/37

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Fabian Lipinsky , and Li Lian Ong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484320143.001

ISBN: 9781484320143

Keywords: arbitrage pricing theory, Asian financial crisis, fundamentals, global financial crisis, idiosyncratic factors, integration, IOSCO, securities regulation, stock market, stock pricing

Stock markets play a key role in corporate financing in Asia. However, despite their increasing importance in terms of size and cross-border investment activity, the region's markets are reputed to be more 'idiosyn...

India
			: Selected Issues

India : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2014/58

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484309001.002

ISBN: 9781484309001

Keywords: Economic growth, Current account deficits, Corporate sector, Monetary policy, India, Inflation, Selected issues, Spillovers, Poverty reduction, Public investment

This Selected Issues paper uncovers the factors behind the unprecedented widening of India's current account deficit in terms of the sectoral savings-investment balance. The unprecedented widening of India's curren...

India
			: Staff Report for 2014 Article IV Consultation

India : Staff Report for 2014 Article IV Consultation »

Volume/Issue: 2014/57

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484308257.002

ISBN: 9781484308257

Keywords: Economic indicators, Fiscal consolidation, Banking sector, Article IV consultation reports, Current account deficits, Debt sustainability analysis, Economic growth, Press releases, Staff Reports, India

This 2014 Article IV consultation highlights an expected slowdown of growth in India, to 4.6 percent this fiscal year, the lowest in a decade, reflecting global developments and domestic supply constraints. Headlin...

Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa's Business Cycle Patterns

Rising BRICs and Changes in Sub-Saharan Africa's Business Cycle Patterns »

Volume/Issue: 2014/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Oumar Diallo , and Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484306598.001

ISBN: 9781484306598

Keywords: Business Cycle Synchronicity, and the BRICs., trade intensity, trading partners, industry trade, impact of trade, General,

This paper assesses the extent to which Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA)'s business cycle is synchronized with that of the rest of the world (RoW). Findings suggest that SSA's business cycle has not only moved in the same...

Information Rigidities
			: Comparing Average and Individual Forecasts for a Large International Panel

Information Rigidities : Comparing Average and Individual Forecasts for a Large International Panel »

Volume/Issue: 2014/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonas Dovern , Ulrich Fritsche , Prakash Loungani , and Natalia Tamirisa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305201.001

ISBN: 9781484305201

Keywords: Rational inattention, aggregation bias, growth forecasts, information rigidity, forecast behaviour, emerging economies, econometrics, parameters, Forecasting and Simulation,

We study forecasts for real GDP growth using a large panel of individual forecasts from 36 advanced and emerging economies during 1989-2010. We show that the degree of information rigidity in average forecasts is s...

What is Shadow Banking?

What is Shadow Banking? »

Volume/Issue: 2014/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stijn Claessens , and Lev Ratnovski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 February 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475597349.001

ISBN: 9781475597349

Keywords: Regulation, Policy, banking activities, securitization, Government Policy and Regulation,

There is much confusion about what shadow banking is. Some equate it with securitization, others with non-traditional bank activities, and yet others with non-bank lending. Regardless, most think of shadow banking...

Potential Growth in Emerging Asia

Potential Growth in Emerging Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2014/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Kevin Cheng , Sidra Rehman , and Longmei Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 January 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484345726.001

ISBN: 9781484345726

Keywords: potential growth, emerging Asia, tfp, unemployment, growth rate, growth accounting, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development,

Using three distinct approaches-statistical filtering, production function, and multivariate model- this paper estimates potential growth for China, India, and five ASEAN countries (Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philipp...

Global Spillovers into Domestic Bond Markets in Emerging Market Economies

Global Spillovers into Domestic Bond Markets in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Laura Jaramillo , and Anke Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484328446.001

ISBN: 9781484328446

Keywords: Emerging Market Economies, Fiscal Deficit, Global Spillovers, bond, bond yields, domestic bond, sovereign bond, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy,

While fiscal conditions remain healthier than in advanced economies, emerging economies continue to be exposed to negative spillovers if global conditions were to become less favorable. This paper finds that domest...

The International Monetary System
			: Where Are We and Where Do We Need to Go?

The International Monetary System : Where Are We and Where Do We Need to Go? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/224

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rakesh Mohan , Michael Patra , and Muneesh Kapur

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475514148.001

ISBN: 9781475514148

Keywords: currency internationalization, capital inflows, capital account liberalization, net capital, net capital flows, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, International Policy Coordination and Transmission, International Institutional Arrangements,

The North Atlantic financial crisis of 2008-2009 has spurred renewed interest in reforming the international monetary system, which has been malfunctioning in many aspects. Large and volatile capital flows have pro...

Taxation and Corporate Debt
			: Are Banks any Different?

Taxation and Corporate Debt : Are Banks any Different? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/221

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jost Heckemeyer , and Ruud A. Mooij

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484330340.001

ISBN: 9781484330340

Keywords: Corporate tax, debt bias, leverage, non-financial firms, quantile regressions, bank size, capital structure, banking, tax sensitivity, tax elasticity

This paper explores whether corporate tax bias toward debt finance differs between banks and nonbanks, using a large panel of micro data. On average, it finds that there is no significant difference. The marginal t...

India
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessments Report on Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

India : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessments Report on Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2013/267

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484339787.002

ISBN: 9781484339787

Keywords: banking, banking supervision, banking companies, consolidated supervision, banking regulation

This paper discusses the findings of the assessments on Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision in India. The Reserve Bank of India is to be commended for its tightly controlled regulatory and super...

India
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessments Report on CPSS IOSCO Recommendations for Securities Settlement Systems and Central Counterparties

India : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessments Report on CPSS IOSCO Recommendations for Securities Settlement Systems and Central Counterparties »

Volume/Issue: 2013/268

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484346822.002

ISBN: 9781484346822

Keywords: rtgs, collateral, clearing banks, custodian, clients

This paper discusses findings of the assessments on Committee on Payment and Settlement Systems-International Organization of Securities Commissions (CPSS-IOSCO) Recommendations for Securities Settlement Systems an...

India
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessments Report on IAIS Insurance Core Principles

India : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessments Report on IAIS Insurance Core Principles »

Volume/Issue: 2013/265

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484363188.002

ISBN: 9781484363188

Keywords: insurance companies, life insurance, life insurers, reinsurance, policyholders

This paper discusses key findings of the assessment of India's compliance with the International Association of Insurance Supervisors Insurance Core Principles (ICP). Indian Regulatory and Development Authority (IR...

India
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessments Report on IOSCO Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation

India : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessments Report on IOSCO Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation »

Volume/Issue: 2013/266

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475587234.002

ISBN: 9781475587234

Keywords: iosco principles, enforcement powers, market participants, risk management, criminal enforcement

This paper discusses findings of the assessments on International Organization of Securities Commissions (IOSCO) Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation for India. India exhibits significant progress in...

Finances & Développement, juin 2013

Finances & Développement, juin 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2013

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484334218.022

ISBN: 9781484334218

Keywords: marchés de capitaux internationaux, marchés de capitaux, capital international, égalité des sexes, écart entre les sexes, proportion de femmes, dirigeantes, dirigeantes, capital privé, émancipation économique

Pour les dernières idées sur le système financier international, la politique monétaire, le développement économique, la lutte contre la pauvreté et d'autres questions importantes, abonnez-vous à Finances & Dévelop...

Finanzas & Desarrollo, junio de 2013

Finanzas & Desarrollo, junio de 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2013

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314333.022

ISBN: 9781484314333

Suscríbase a Finanzas & Desarrollo para mantenerse al día de las últimas corrientes del pensamiento económico en lo que respecta al sistema financiero internacional, la política monetaria, el desarrollo económico,...

The Comovement in Commodity Prices
			: Sources and Implications

The Comovement in Commodity Prices : Sources and Implications »

Volume/Issue: 2013/140

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ron Alquist , and Olivier Coibion

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484378144.001

ISBN: 9781484378144

Keywords: comovement, factor models, factor analysis, global production, agricultural commodities, idiosyncratic shocks, International Business Cycles, comovement: factor models,

We present a simple macroeconomic model with a continuum of primary commodities used in the production of the final good, such that the real prices of commodities have a factor structure. One factor captures the co...

Finance & Development, June 2013

Finance & Development, June 2013 »

Volume/Issue: 50/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484388754.022

ISBN: 9781484388754

Keywords: international capital markets, capital markets, international capital, gender equality

This paper highlights that one of the most dramatic developments in the 20th century was the entry of women into economic and political spheres previously occupied almost exclusively by men. Although women are maki...

Inclusive Growth
			: Measurement and Determinants

Inclusive Growth : Measurement and Determinants »

Volume/Issue: 2013/135

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Saurabh Mishra , and Shanaka Peiris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484323212.001

ISBN: 9781484323212

Keywords: pro-poor growth, distribution, equity, inequality, social mobility, pro-poor, distribution of income, welfare function, Justice, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement

We estimate a unified measure of inclusive growth for emerging markets by integrating their economic growth performance and income distribution outcomes, using data over three decades. Country distributions are cal...

Options and Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in India

Options and Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in India »

Volume/Issue: 2013/127

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sampawende Tapsoba

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484382257.001

ISBN: 9781484382257

Keywords: open economy macroeconomics, DSGE models, fiscal policy, fiscal multipliers, fiscal tightening, fiscal balance, Deficit,

The paper uses a multi-region DSGE model to quantify the macroeconomic implications of three adjustment scenarios for India: growth-friendly, social-friendly, and a benchmark case centered on bringing down unproduc...

The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India

The Fiscal and Welfare Impacts of Reforming Fuel Subsidies in India »

Volume/Issue: 2013/128

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , David Coady , Adil Mohommad , Vimal Thakoor , and James Walsh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484305164.001

ISBN: 9781484305164

Keywords: Fuel pricing, subsidy reform, distributional impact, compensating transfers, income groups, cash transfers, input-output, cash transfer, direct impact, Input-Output Models

Rising fuel subsidies have contributed to fiscal pressures in India. A key policy concern regarding subsidy reform is the adverse welfare impact on households, in particular poor households. This paper evaluates th...

Credit Constraints, Productivity Shocks and Consumption Volatility in Emerging Economies

Credit Constraints, Productivity Shocks and Consumption Volatility in Emerging Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rudrani Bhattacharya , and Ila Patnaik

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484325988.001

ISBN: 9781484325988

Keywords: Macroeconomics, real business cycles, emerging market business cycle stylized facts, financial development, consumption volatility, total consumption, business cycle, business cycles, growth rate, General

How does access to credit impact consumption volatility? Theory and evidence from advanced economies suggests that greater household access to finance smooths consumption. Evidence from emerging markets, where cons...

Foreign Investors Under Stress
			: Evidence from India

Foreign Investors Under Stress : Evidence from India »

Volume/Issue: 2013/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ila Patnaik , Ajay Shah , and Nirvikar Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484364529.001

ISBN: 9781484364529

Keywords: India, Event study, Extreme events, Foreign investors, stock market, equity market, financial globalization, stock market index, stock returns, Other

Emerging market policy makers have been concerned about the financial stability implications of financial globalization. These concerns are focused on behavior under stressed conditions. Do tail events in the home...