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Multi-Country Report
			: Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302996.002

ISBN: 9781484302996

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bahrain, Djibouti, Europe, Indonesia, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Middle East, Nigeria

This paper presents country experiences with reforms to strengthen regulatory oversight of the Islamic banking sector. Based on the selected country experiences, a number of important lessons and policy options can...

Multi-Country Report
			: Building Fiscal Capacity in Fragile States-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Building Fiscal Capacity in Fragile States-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/153

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303719.002

ISBN: 9781484303719

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Europe, Haiti, Kosovo, Liberia, Mali, Middle East, Myanmar, South Sudan, Sub-Saharan Africa

This report reviews the IMF's effort to build fiscal capacity in fragile states. It presents case studies on IMF technical assistance (TA) and capacity development in the fiscal area, provided by its Fiscal Affairs...

Indonesia
			: Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia

Indonesia : Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/152

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303559.002

ISBN: 9781484303559

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Indonesia

This paper assesses the stability of Indonesia's financial system. Since the 2010 Financial Sector Assessment Program, Indonesia's macroeconomic performance has been robust and the financial system has been stable....

Bangladesh
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Bangladesh : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/147

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303207.002

ISBN: 9781484303207

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bangladesh

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights steady monetary policy management and fiscal discipline in Bangladesh, which have supported macroeconomic stability, allowing the economy to benefit from favorable exter...

Mongolia
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release: Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mongolia

Mongolia : 2017 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release: Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mongolia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302354.002

ISBN: 9781484302354

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights Mongolia's promising longer-term prospects given its abundant natural resources. In recent years, however, the economy has faced substantial challenges, as external shoc...

Thailand
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

Thailand : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand »

Volume/Issue: 2017/136

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301814.002

ISBN: 9781484301814

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Thailand

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights the Thai economy's continued recovery in 2016. GDP growth reached 3.2 percent, driven mainly by exports of services and public investment. Amid subdued import growth and...

Thailand
			: Selected Issues

Thailand : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/137

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301845.002

ISBN: 9781484301845

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Thailand

This Selected Issues paper analyzes factors that could bring inflation back to target in Thailand. The paper estimates a hybrid New Keynesian Phillips curve with time varying parameters to gauge the quantitative ro...

Samoa
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Samoa

Samoa : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Samoa »

Volume/Issue: 2017/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599411.002

ISBN: 9781475599411

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Samoa

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights Samoa's continued good economic performance. Economic activity picked up during 2015/16 driven by tourism arrivals, lower fuel prices, and new fish processing facilities...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Detailed Assessment of Observance-Insurance Core Principles

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance-Insurance Core Principles »

Volume/Issue: 2017/121

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599954.002

ISBN: 9781475599954

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This paper presents an assessment of the Observance of Insurance Core Principles in New Zealand. Observance of these principles in New Zealand falls significantly short. In some areas, the implementation of initiat...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Detailed Assessment of Observance-Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance-Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2017/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599930.002

ISBN: 9781475599930

This paper presents an assessment of Observance of the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (BCP) in New Zealand. The supervisory approach of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) reflects the c...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2017/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599848.002

ISBN: 9781475599848

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note assesses the level of implementation of the Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework in New Zealand. Work has already begun to identify necessary resources, such as rosters of potent...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Fund Management-Regulation, Supervision, and Systemic Risk Monitoring

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Fund Management-Regulation, Supervision, and Systemic Risk Monitoring »

Volume/Issue: 2017/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599855.002

ISBN: 9781475599855

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note presents an assessment of Regulation, Supervision and Systemic Risk Monitoring in New Zealand. The overall regulatory framework for asset management is well developed, but would benefit from som...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Macroprudential Institutional Framework and Policies

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Macroprudential Institutional Framework and Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2017/118

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599909.002

ISBN: 9781475599909

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This Technical Note assesses the macroprudential institutional framework and policies in New Zealand. New Zealand has a strong institutional framework for macroprudential policy. This framework is based on a clear...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Regulation and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Regulation and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures »

Volume/Issue: 2017/115

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599824.002

ISBN: 9781475599824

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note assesses regulation and oversight of financial market infrastructures (FMIs) in New Zealand. The regulatory and oversight framework for FMIs in New Zealand is undergoing a major reform. The Rese...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking Sector and Systemic Risk Analysis

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking Sector and Systemic Risk Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2017/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599923.002

ISBN: 9781475599923

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note discusses the results of stress testing of the banking sector and systemic risk analysis for New Zealand. The banking sector, which dominates the financial system, has significant exposure to re...

New Zealand
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

New Zealand : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2017/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599091.002

ISBN: 9781475599091

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights New Zealand's economic expansion, which since early 2011 gained further broad-based momentum in 2016. GDP growth accelerated to 4 percent, and the output gap has roughly...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2017/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598834.002

ISBN: 9781475598834

This paper presents an assessment of the stability of the financial system in New Zealand. Imbalances in the housing market, banks' concentrated exposures to the dairy sector, and their high reliance on wholesale o...

Malaysia
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Authorities of Malaysia

Malaysia : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Authorities of Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/101

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475596656.002

ISBN: 9781475596656

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Malaysia

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights the Malaysian economy's good performance over the past few years in a challenging global economic environment. Despite the impact of global commodity price and financial...

Republic of Nauru
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Nauru

Republic of Nauru : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Nauru »

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475591927.002

ISBN: 9781475591927

Keywords: Nauru

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights Nauru's growth and a substantial improvement in government revenue in recent years thanks to processing of asylum seekers by the Australian Regional Processing Center (R...

Nepal
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Nepal : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589009.002

ISBN: 9781475589009

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Economic growth, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Tax administration, Customs administration, Economic indicators, Staff Reports

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights the rebound of Nepal's economy following a slowdown caused by the 2015 earthquakes and trade disruptions at the southern border. The growth of real GDP at market prices...

Mongolia
			: Technical Assistance Report- Report on the National Accounts Mission

Mongolia : Technical Assistance Report- Report on the National Accounts Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2017/52

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579093.002

ISBN: 9781475579093

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Commodity price fluctuations, Copper, Gross domestic product, National accounts, Natural resources, Mining sector, Mongolia, Technical assistance missions, Technical Assistance Reports

This Technical Assistance Report evaluates the National Accounts Mission in Mongolia. Mongolia's national accounts statistics were found to be broadly adequate for IMF surveillance according to the most recent IMF...

India
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2017/54

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579789.002

ISBN: 9781475579789

Keywords: India, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights strong growth recorded by the Indian economy in recent years helped by a large terms-of-trade gain and positive policy actions. Inflation has remained low following the...

India
			: Selected Issues

India : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579819.002

ISBN: 9781475579819

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, India

This Selected Issues paper evaluates corporate and banking sector vulnerabilities in India. The analysis shows that while corporate sector risks have subsided, debt repayment capacity remains strained, and high lev...

Lao People's Democratic Republic
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Lao People's Democratic Republic

Lao People's Democratic Republic : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Lao People's Democratic Republic »

Volume/Issue: 2017/53

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579451.002

ISBN: 9781475579451

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the real GDP growth of Lao People's Democratic Republic is expected to moderate from 7.5 percent in 2015 to 7 percent in 2016. Domestic activity has slowed followin...

Indonesia
			: Selected Issues

Indonesia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475577624.002

ISBN: 9781475577624

Keywords: Selected Issues Papers, Asia and Pacific, Capital inflows, Economic growth, External debt, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Tax reforms, Private investment, Indonesia

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the capital inflows to Indonesia since the global financial crisis. Capital inflows to Indonesia have increased since the crisis. Their average volume increased from 3.25 percent...

Australia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia

Australia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/42

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475575835.002

ISBN: 9781475575835

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Australia

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Australia has enjoyed robust growth despite the commodity price and mining investment bust. The moderate impact of the large shocks since 2011 highlights the resili...

Australia
			: Selected Issues

Australia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/43

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475575842.002

ISBN: 9781475575842

Keywords: Australia, Asset prices, Asia and Pacific, Budgets, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal policy, Real effective exchange rates, Labor markets, Medium-term strategy

This Selected Issues paper examines the adjustment of Australian labor markets to the recent adverse shocks. Australia's labor markets were not severely impacted by the global financial crisis and are adjusting smo...

Indonesia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia

Indonesia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/37

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574807.002

ISBN: 9781475574807

Keywords: Indonesia, Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Indonesia has maintained macroeconomic stability, while adjusting well to recent shifts in the external environment. A prudent mix of macroeconomic policies and the...

Myanmar
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar

Myanmar : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar »

Volume/Issue: 2017/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574098.002

ISBN: 9781475574098

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Balance of payments statistics, Asia and Pacific, Budget deficits, Debt sustainability analysis, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Fiscal reforms, Flexible exchange rate policy, Economic growth

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Myanmar's economy grew broadly as expected in FY2015/16, at a healthy pace of 7.3 percent, despite massive floods during July-September 2015. Activity softened duri...

Myanmar
			: Selected Issues

Myanmar : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574135.002

ISBN: 9781475574135

Keywords: Myanmar, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal risk, Financial sector, Climatic changes, Capital markets, Banks, Asia and Pacific, Selected Issues Papers

This Selected Issues paper examines the strategy and priorities for reform in Myanmar's financial sector. The IMF helped design and implement a foreign currency auction by the Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM), as a fi...

Papua New Guinea
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Papua New Guinea : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/22

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475572384.002

ISBN: 9781475572384

Keywords: Papua New Guinea, Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Papua New Guinea is facing headwinds stemming from low commodity prices and is recovering from a major drought; these factors have weighed on economic growth, weake...

Cambodia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cambodia

Cambodia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cambodia »

Volume/Issue: 2016/340

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475551327.002

ISBN: 9781475551327

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Staff Reports, Panama, Press releases, Price controls, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Economic indicators, Banking sector

Cambodia is a fast-growing, highly open economy, and attained lower-middle income status this year. Over the last two decades, Cambodia grew rapidly (average real GDP growth of around 8 percent) and its integration...

Vanuatu
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vanuatu

Vanuatu : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vanuatu »

Volume/Issue: 2016/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475550610.002

ISBN: 9781475550610

Keywords: Infrastructure, Monetary policy, Public investment, Press releases, Vanuatu, Vanuatu, Staff Reports, Bank supervision, Article IV consultation reports, Balance of payments statistics

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Vanuatu's economy is gradually recovering from the extensive damages caused by Cyclone Pam, which hit the country in March 2015. The cyclone led to a decline in GDP...

Republic of Palau
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Palau

Republic of Palau : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Palau »

Volume/Issue: 2016/328

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545937.002

ISBN: 9781475545937

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic growth, Tourism, Fiscal policy, Infrastructure, Climatic changes, Banks, Nonbank financial sector, Bank supervision, Economic indicators

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Palau's economy has performed well in recent years. The economy grew strongly in FY2015 (ending September 30, 2015) at 9.4 percent, with tourist arrivals and constr...

Tuvalu
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tuvalu

Tuvalu : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tuvalu »

Volume/Issue: 2016/323

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475543926.002

ISBN: 9781475543926

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic growth, Fiscal policy, Fisheries, Climatic changes, Fiscal reforms, Public enterprises, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the macroeconomic outlook for Tuvalu is stable. Real GDP growth in 2015 is estimated at 2.6 percent and is projected to rise to 4 percent in 2016 owing to several l...

Philippines
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Philippines

Philippines : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 2016/309

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475541076.002

ISBN: 9781475541076

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the Philippine economy has continued to perform strongly. Real GDP regained strength from a slowdown in mid-2015 to record a robust 5.9 percent growth rate in 2015...

Kiribati
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release;Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Kiribati

Kiribati : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release;Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Kiribati »

Volume/Issue: 2016/292

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 September 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535860.002

ISBN: 9781475535860

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Kiribati's recent economic performance has been strong. Growth is estimated to have reached 3.5 percent in 2015, supported by record-high fishing revenue, donor-fin...

The People's Republic of China
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for The People's Republic of China

The People's Republic of China : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for The People's Republic of China »

Volume/Issue: 2016/270

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524321.002

ISBN: 9781475524321

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights China's continued transition to sustainable growth, with progress on many fronts. Growth slowed to 6.9 percent in 2015 and is projected to moderate to 6.6 percent in 201...

The People's Republic of China
			: Selected Issues

The People's Republic of China : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/271

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475524383.002

ISBN: 9781475524383

This Selected Issues paper reviews China's progress along various dimensions of rebalancing. External rebalancing has advanced well, while progress on internal rebalancing has been mixed-substantial on the supply s...

Japan
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Japan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2016/267

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475522105.002

ISBN: 9781475522105

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economic growth of Japan has slowed owing to weak private consumption and sluggish investment and that inflation has lost its forward momentum. Although financi...

Japan
			: Selected Issues

Japan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/268

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 August 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475522525.002

ISBN: 9781475522525

This Selected Issues paper discusses the findings of the IMF staff research focusing on labor market dynamics, economic growth, the financial sector, private investment, and monetary policy in Japan. Japan's labor...

Singapore
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Singapore

Singapore : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Singapore »

Volume/Issue: 2016/263

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475521047.002

ISBN: 9781475521047

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Singapore's economy continues to perform well despite being hit by a combination of cyclical and structural factors, originating both at home and abroad. Growth mod...

Singapore
			: Selected Issues

Singapore : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/264

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475521085.002

ISBN: 9781475521085

This Selected Issues paper develops a new calibrated model of the Singapore economy, the Singapore Global Policy MODel (SGPMOD), and uses it to conduct a variety of policy experiments focused on the conduct of mone...

Republic of the Marshall Islands
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of the Marshall Islands

Republic of the Marshall Islands : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Republic of the Marshall Islands »

Volume/Issue: 2016/260

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475520521.002

ISBN: 9781475520521

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the economy of the Marshall Islands is estimated to have expanded by about 0.5 percent in FY2015 (ending September 30), as the fishery sector recovered. Following a...

Vietnam
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vietnam

Vietnam : 2016 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vietnam »

Volume/Issue: 2016/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 July 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498373890.002

ISBN: 9781498373890

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Vietnam's economy has experienced solid growth with low inflation, reflecting policy attention to maintaining macroeconomic stability. Economic performance was robu...

Asean-5 Cluster Report
			: Evolution of Monetary Policy Frameworks

Asean-5 Cluster Report : Evolution of Monetary Policy Frameworks »

Volume/Issue: 2016/176

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498308748.002

ISBN: 9781498308748

Keywords: Monetary policy, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Central banks, Business cycles, Capital outflows, Cross country analysis, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand

This paper examines the evolution of monetary policy frameworks of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)-5 economies, with particular focus on changes since the Asian financial crisis and the more rece...

Bhutan
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Bhutan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan »

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475567342.002

ISBN: 9781475567342

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Tax revenues, Monetary policy, Currency pegs, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics, Debt sustainability analysis

This paper discusses the recent economic developments, outlook, and risks for Bhutan. Following a slowdown in activity in the wake of the rupee shortage, economic growth has picked up more recently. From an average...

Republic of Timor-Leste
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Timor-Leste

Republic of Timor-Leste : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Timor-Leste »

Volume/Issue: 2016/183

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498319492.002

ISBN: 9781498319492

This paper discusses recent economic developments, economic outlook, and risks in Timor-Leste. Growth has moderated while inflation has fallen sharply. Owing to a sharp fall in oil revenues and large development ne...

Tonga
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tonga

Tonga : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tonga »

Volume/Issue: 2016/178

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498311816.002

ISBN: 9781498311816

Keywords: remittances, inflation, monetary fund, natural disasters, debt

This paper discusses recent economic developments, economic outlook, risks, and challenges in Tonga. The Tongan economy has been rebounding since a contraction in FY2013. Growth accelerated from 2.1 percent in FY20...

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation, First Review under the Extended Credit Facility, and Request for Waiver for Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Exective Director for the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe

Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe : 2016 Article IV Consultation, First Review under the Extended Credit Facility, and Request for Waiver for Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Modification of Performance Criteria-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Exective Director for the Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe »

Volume/Issue: 2016/174

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498307444.002

ISBN: 9781498307444

Keywords: debt, poverty, monetary fund, commercial banks, market

This paper discusses recent economic developments and economic outlook and risks of São Tomé and Príncipe. Although São Tomé and Príncipe's economic development is constrained by its insularity, fragility, limited...

Sri Lanka
			: Fourth Post-Program Monitoring Discussion-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka : Fourth Post-Program Monitoring Discussion-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka »

Volume/Issue: 2016/152

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484389645.002

ISBN: 9781484389645

Keywords: monetary fund, economic developments, central bank, debt, monetary policy

This paper discusses recent economic developments, outlook, and policies required to stabilize the economy of Sri Lanka. Recent economic developments reflect a more challenging external environment as well as a sha...

Sri Lanka
			: Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation and Request for a Three-Year Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka : Staff Report for the 2016 Article IV Consultation and Request for a Three-Year Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement, and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka »

Volume/Issue: 2016/150

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475532388.002

ISBN: 9781475532388

Keywords: tax, exchange, monetary fund, debt, inflation

This paper discusses economic performance, outlook, and risks of Sri Lankan economy. Macroeconomic performance in 2015 reflected a mix between positive underlying growth momentum, the negative impact of unbalanced...

Thailand
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

Thailand : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand »

Volume/Issue: 2016/139

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484375662.002

ISBN: 9781484375662

Keywords: inflation, debt, investment, monetary fund, monetary policy

This paper discusses recent developments, outlook and risk, and policies required for a long-lasting recovery of Thailand's economy. Thailand remains resilient in the face of external and internal challenges. Howev...

Thailand
			: Selected Issues

Thailand : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484376003.002

ISBN: 9781484376003

Keywords: market, price, value, volatility, market volatility

This paper discusses selected issues related to the economy of Thailand. The economy of Thailand is largely dependent on China. A 1 percent decline in China's GDP lowers Thailand's output by about 0.2 percent. Popu...

Maldives
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Maldives

Maldives : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Maldives »

Volume/Issue: 2016/135

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484356661.002

ISBN: 9781484356661

Keywords: tax, revenue, expenditure, debt, monetary fund

This paper discusses recent economic developments, outlook, and risks of Maldives' economy. Maldives living standards have risen to middle-income levels over the past two decades driven by tourism development. The...

Malaysia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia

Malaysia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 2016/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484343067.002

ISBN: 9781484343067

Keywords: exchange, debt, monetary fund, capital outflows

This paper discusses the extent to which the Malaysian economy has been hit by a number of external and domestic shocks since late 2014, including sharply lower energy prices, spillovers from China, capital outflow...

West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)
			: Selected Issues

West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/98

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475550009.002

ISBN: 9781475550009

Keywords: investment, public investment, public, infrastructure, per

This paper presents stylized facts on the quantitative and qualitative infrastructure gap in the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU), estimates the efficiency of public investment, and recommends how t...

Solomon Islands

Solomon Islands »

Volume/Issue: 2016/90

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498371865.002

ISBN: 9781498371865

Keywords: debt, natural disasters, monetary fund, reserves, cash balance, Asia and Pacific, Solomon Islands

This paper presents an overview of Solomon Islands’ economy. Although Solomon Islands is a small island state, low-income country that is severely affected by external shocks, including commodity price declines, na...

Solomon Islands
			: Economic Development Documents- Medium-Term Development Plan, 2016-20

Solomon Islands : Economic Development Documents- Medium-Term Development Plan, 2016-20 »

Volume/Issue: 2016/91

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484304303.002

ISBN: 9781484304303

Keywords: environment, land, economic growth, resources, fisheries

This report describes Solomon Islands' macroeconomic, structural, and social policies in support of growth and poverty reduction, as well as associated external financing needs and major source of financing. Solomo...

Mauritius

Mauritius »

Volume/Issue: 2016/89

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475522662.002

ISBN: 9781475522662

Keywords: investment, monetary fund, investment rates, banking sector, reserve, Mauritius, Sub-Saharan Africa

This paper discusses key issues related to the economy of Mauritius. In 2015, the economy of Mauritius has grown at moderate rate; inflation is low; and the external position has improved. However, macroeconomic co...

Tax Administration Reform in China
			: Achievements, Challenges, and Reform Priorities

Tax Administration Reform in China : Achievements, Challenges, and Reform Priorities »

Volume/Issue: 2016/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Brondolo , and Zhiyong Zhang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475523614.001

ISBN: 9781475523614

Keywords: Tax Administration, Tax Administration Reform, China Tax Administration

Tax administration improvements have contributed significantly to a doubling of China's tax-to-GDP ratio and the substantial reduction in taxpayers' compliance costs since the mid-1990s. This paper describes the ke...

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries
			: Macroeconomic Dimensions

Natural Disasters and Food Crises in Low-Income Countries : Macroeconomic Dimensions »

Volume/Issue: 2016/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Olumuyiwa Adedeji , Jana Gieck-Bricco , and Vera Kehayova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513596013.001

ISBN: 9781513596013

Keywords: Natural disasters, Food decline, food, food crisis, food supply, food security, food production, Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Economic Growth of Open Economies

The exposure of low-income countries to natural disasters has a significant impact on food production and food security. This paper provides a framework for assessing a country's vulnerability to food crisis in the...

Indonesia
			: 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia

Indonesia : 2015 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2016/81

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513583624.002

ISBN: 9781513583624

Keywords: market, monetary fund, commodity price, investment

This paper discusses key issues related to the Indonesian economy. Indonesia has weathered challenging economic conditions well. The economy has safely navigated the commodity price shocks, tightening financial con...

Indonesia
			: Selected Issues

Indonesia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513584409.002

ISBN: 9781513584409

Keywords: banks, bank, loans, deposits, liquid assets

This paper focuses on the selected issues of the Indonesian economy: (1) banking sector condition in India, (2) corporate vulnerabilities, (3) analysis of macrofinancial linkages in Indonesia, and (4) infrastructu...

Bank Solvency and Funding Cost

Bank Solvency and Funding Cost »

Volume/Issue: 2016/64

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Aymanns , Carlos Caceres , Christina Daniel , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513591131.001

ISBN: 9781513591131

Keywords: Solvency, funding cost, bank fundamentals, bank, banks, interest, capital, risk, General, All Countries,

Understanding the interaction between bank solvency and funding cost is a crucial pre-requisite for stress-testing. In this paper we study the sensitivity of bank funding cost to solvency measures while controlling...

Dynamic Connectedness of Asian Equity Markets

Dynamic Connectedness of Asian Equity Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2016/57

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Roberto Guimarães-Filho , and Gee Hee Hong

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513572451.001

ISBN: 9781513572451

Keywords: financial spillovers, Asia financial integration, financial linkages, stock market, equity, markets, market, returns, equity returns, General,

Understanding how markets are connected and shocks are transmitted is an important issue for policymakers and market participants. In this paper, we examine the connectedness of Asian equity markets within the regi...

China's Imports Slowdown
			: Spillovers, Spillins, and Spillbacks

China's Imports Slowdown : Spillovers, Spillins, and Spillbacks »

Volume/Issue: 2016/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexei Kireyev , and Andrei Leonidov

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513555850.001

ISBN: 9781513555850

Keywords: shocks, spillover, spillin, spillback, network, gdp, revenue, demand, Neural Networks and Related Topics, Country and Industry Studies of Trade

The paper models international spillovers from a hypothetical drop of China's imports as a result of China's rebalancing of its growth model. A network-based model used in the paper allows capturing higher round ne...

India
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/75

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513524306.002

ISBN: 9781513524306

Keywords: inflation, monetary fund, reserve, banking sector, market

This paper discusses outlook and risk related to the economic development of India. The Indian economy is on a recovery path, supported by a large terms of trade gain (about 21/2 percent of GDP) and reduced externa...

India

India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513525815.002

ISBN: 9781513525815

Keywords: prices, price, market, labor market, volatility, Corporate sector, China, Banks, Capital controls, Capital account liberalization

This paper explores key issues affecting the Indian economy and implications for fiscal, monetary, financial sector, and other structural policies. This paper evaluates the build-up of corporate and banking sector...

Macroeconomic Impact of Product and Labor Market Reforms on Informality and Unemployment in India

Macroeconomic Impact of Product and Labor Market Reforms on Informality and Unemployment in India »

Volume/Issue: 2016/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , and Purva Khera

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513545257.001

ISBN: 9781513545257

Keywords: Wage bargaining, India, Asia and Pacific, structural reforms, product market deregulation, labor market deregulation, unemployment, informality, DSGE, Indian economy

This paper investigates the implications of lowering formal regulations in labor and product markets on informality and macroeconomic outcomes in India. We estimate a DSGE model with an informal sector, and rigidit...

G-20 Data Gaps Initiative II
			: Meeting the Policy Challenge

G-20 Data Gaps Initiative II : Meeting the Policy Challenge »

Volume/Issue: 2016/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Robert Heath , and Evrim Bese Goksu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513530246.001

ISBN: 9781513530246

Keywords: data gaps, financial interconnections, global financial crisis, cross-border interconnectedness, regulation, financial crisis, central bank, good, insurance, investment

The G-20 Data Gaps Initiative (DGI), which aimed at addressing the information needs that were revealed by the 2007/2008 global financial crisis, concluded its first phase and started a second phase (DGI-2) with th...

Improving Public Infrastructure in the Philippines

Improving Public Infrastructure in the Philippines »

Volume/Issue: 2016/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Takuji Komatsuzaki

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513515113.001

ISBN: 9781513515113

Keywords: Public Investment Efficiency, investment, public investment, tax, stock, capital stock, Infrastructures,, Infrastructure, Philippines, Asia and Pacific

This paper explores the macroeconomic effects of improving public infrastructure in the Philippines. After benchmarking the Philippines relative to its neighbors in terms of level of public capital and quality of p...

Institutionalizing Countercyclical Investment

Institutionalizing Countercyclical Investment »

Volume/Issue: 2016/38

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bradley Jones

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513512495.001

ISBN: 9781513512495

Keywords: Asset Allocation, Asset Owners, Momentum, Risk Management, asset, investment, risk, returns, Asset Pricing, Government Policy and Regulation

Do portfolio shifts by the world’s largest asset owners respond procyclically to past returns, or countercyclically to valuations? And if countercyclical investment (with both market-stabilizing and return-generati...

Islamic Finance and Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT)

Islamic Finance and Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism (AML/CFT) »

Volume/Issue: 2016/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nadim Kyriakos-Saad , Manuel Vasquez , Chady El Khoury , and Arz El Murr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513516158.001

ISBN: 9781513516158

Keywords: Risk, AML/CFT, finance, financial institutions, transactions, islamic financial institutions, Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law, All Countries,, Islamic finance

The money laundering (ML) and terrorist financing (TF) risks associated with conventional finance are generally well identified and understood by the relevant national authorities. There is, however, no common unde...

The Welfare Multiplier of Public Infrastructure Investment

The Welfare Multiplier of Public Infrastructure Investment »

Volume/Issue: 2016/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Ganelli , and Juha Tervala

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475516678.001

ISBN: 9781475516678

Keywords: Public Infrastructure, investment, consumption, multipliers, elasticity, Open Economy Macroeconomics, Publicly Provided Private Goods, Infrastructures, All Countries,

We analyze the welfare multipliers of public spending (the consumption equivalent change in welfare for one dollar change in public spending) in a DSGE model. The welfare multipliers of public infrastructure invest...

Quality and the Great Trade Collapse

Quality and the Great Trade Collapse »

Volume/Issue: 2016/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natalie Chen , and Luciana Juvenal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498347587.001

ISBN: 9781498347587

Keywords: heterogeneity, multi-product firms, quality, trade collapse, unit values, wine, trade, goods, value, export growth

We explore whether the global financial crisis has had heterogeneous effects on traded goods differentiated by quality. Combining a dataset of Argentinean firm-level destination-specific wine exports with quality r...

Trading on Their Terms? Commodity Exporters in the Aftermath of the Commodity Boom

Trading on Their Terms? Commodity Exporters in the Aftermath of the Commodity Boom »

Volume/Issue: 2016/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aqib Aslam , Samya Beidas-Strom , Rudolfs Bems , Oya Celasun , Sinem Kılıç Çelik , and Zsoka Koczan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498338158.001

ISBN: 9781498338158

Keywords: Resource Boom, commodity, output, trade, price, prices, Global Commodity Crises, Resource Booms, All Countries,, Natural resources

Commodity prices have declined sharply over the past three years, and output growth has slowed considerably among countries that are net exporters of commodities. A critical question for policy makers in these econ...

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators

Pilot Project on Concentration and Distribution Measures for a Selected Set of Financial Soundness Indicators »

Volume/Issue: 2016/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joseph Crowley , Plapa Koukpamou , Elena Loukoianova , and André Mialou

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498337014.001

ISBN: 9781498337014

Keywords: Financial Soundness Indicators, Concentration and Distribution Measures, institutions, data, pilot project, confidentiality, information, General, All Countries, Fiscal Crisis,

This paper reports the main findings of a pilot project launched in July 2014 by the IMF’s Statistics Department to test augmenting the IMF’s financial soundness indicators (FSIs) with concentration and distributio...

Robust Measures of Core Inflation for Vietnam

Robust Measures of Core Inflation for Vietnam »

Volume/Issue: 2016/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sanjay Kalra , and Bui Thi Trang Dzung

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475521368.001

ISBN: 9781475521368

Keywords: Core inflation, Monetary Policy, inflation, price changes, properties, state bank, interest, Estimation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

The paper develops robust measures of core inflation for Vietnam that can be used in policy making. These core inflation measures (CIMs) are based on an analytical evaluation of the inflation process in Vietnam, an...

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement

Trends in Gender Equality and Women’s Advancement »

Volume/Issue: 2016/21

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Janet Stotsky , Sakina Shibuya , Lisa Kolovich , and Suhaib Kebhaj

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475592955.001

ISBN: 9781475592955

Keywords: Economics of gender, gender indicators, indices, women, gender equality, life expectancy, mortality, maternal mortality, General, All Countries

This paper examines trends in indicators of gender equality and women’s development, using evidence derived from individual indicators and gender equality indices. We extend both the United Nations Development Prog...

Wage-Price Dynamics and Structural Reforms in Japan

Wage-Price Dynamics and Structural Reforms in Japan »

Volume/Issue: 2016/20

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Davide Porcellacchia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498316637.001

ISBN: 9781498316637

Keywords: Abenomics, corporate governance, inflation, Japan, labor-market duality, liquidity trap, structural reforms, wage-price dynamics, single open-ended contract, interest

Structural reforms in the liquidity trap need not be deflationary. This paper develops a simple framework to study the role that key characteristics of Japan’s labor and product markets—labor-market duality and wea...

New Zealand

New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2016/39

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484398654.002

ISBN: 9781484398654

Keywords: prices, gdp, risks, debt, investment, Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

The 2015 Article IV Consultation provides an overview of New Zealand's economic development and policies. Tailwinds have supported the economy's strong growth after the global financial crisis. However, the tailwin...

New Zealand

New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2016/40

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475522549.002

ISBN: 9781475522549

Keywords: productivity, capital, income, savings, investment, New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This paper discusses prospects for potential growth, house prices, household debt, and financial stability risks, and tax policy reforms in New Zealand. Despite having world-class institutions and strong policy fra...

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities

The Fiscal Costs of Contingent Liabilities »

Volume/Issue: 2016/14

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elva Bova , Marta Ruiz-Arranz , Frederik Toscani , and H. Elif Ture

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498303606.001

ISBN: 9781498303606

Keywords: Fiscal Crisis, General, All Countries,, Budget deficits, Public debt, Contingent liabilities

We construct the first comprehensive dataset of contingent liability realizations in advanced and emerging markets for the period 1990–2014. We find that contingent liability realizations are a major source of fisc...

Bangladesh

Bangladesh »

Volume/Issue: 2016/27

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498310604.002

ISBN: 9781498310604

Keywords: investment, monetary fund, debt, private investment, international development, Asia and Pacific, Bangladesh

This paper discusses key issues pertaining to the economy of Bangladesh. Macroeconomic stability has been maintained since the last Article IV Consultation in November 2013. But like other Asian countries, private...

Bangladesh

Bangladesh »

Volume/Issue: 2016/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498353748.002

ISBN: 9781498353748

Keywords: banks, bank, lending, interest, inflation, Bangladesh, Asia and Pacific

This paper discusses three main issues: bank lending rates, impact of climate change on the economy of Bangladesh, and financial inclusion in Bangladesh. According to international standards, average bank lending r...

The Financial Wealth of Corporations

The Financial Wealth of Corporations »

Volume/Issue: 2016/11

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Hashimoto , and Noriaki Kinoshita

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484395073.001

ISBN: 9781484395073

Keywords: Nonfinancial corporation, financial balance sheet, net financial wealth, balance sheet, equity, debt, balance sheets, stock, General, Methodology for Collecting

This paper analyzes the nonfinancial corporation (NFC) sector’s financial balance sheets using data available from the OECD. In our sample of 20 advanced economies, corporate debt in percent of GDP—a frequently use...

Introducing a New Broad-based Index of Financial Development

Introducing a New Broad-based Index of Financial Development »

Volume/Issue: 2016/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Katsiaryna Svirydzenka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513583709.001

ISBN: 9781513583709

Keywords: Financial Development, Financial Institutions and Markets, Index, markets, financial institutions, financial systems, financial markets, General, Index Numbers and Aggregation, Methodology for Collecting

There is a vast body of literature estimating the impact of financial development on economic growth, inequality, and economic stability. A typical empirical study approximates financial development with either one...

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Leaning Against the Wind »

Volume/Issue: 2016/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Lars Svensson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498314787.001

ISBN: 9781498314787

Keywords: macroprudential policy, unemployment, unemployment rate, debt, marginal cost, benchmark, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects), All Countries

“Leaning against the wind” (LAW) with a higher monetary policy interest rate may have benefits in terms of lower real debt growth and associated lower probability of a financial crisis but has costs in terms of hig...

Non-Linear Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets

Non-Linear Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2016/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesca Caselli , and Agustin Roitman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513578262.001

ISBN: 9781513578262

Keywords: Non-Linearities, exchange rate, depreciation, inflation targeting, exchange rate movements, Models with Panel Data, General, All Countries,, Exchange rate pass-through, Foreign exchange

This paper estimates exchange rate pass-through to consumer prices in emerging markets focusing on non-linearities and asymmetries. We document non-linearities and asymmetries in the transmission of exchange rate f...

Understanding India’s Food Inflation

Understanding India’s Food Inflation »

Volume/Issue: 2016/2

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rahul Anand , Naresh Kumar , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581347.001

ISBN: 9781513581347

Keywords: food inflation, cereal buffer stocks, food, cereals, rice, wheat, food supply, Forecasting and Simulation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments

Over the past decade, India has seen a prolonged period of high inflation, to a large extent driven by persistently-high food inflation. This paper investigates the demand and supply factors behind the contribution...

Corporate Investment in Emerging Markets
			: Financing vs. Real Options Channel

Corporate Investment in Emerging Markets : Financing vs. Real Options Channel »

Volume/Issue: 2015/285

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Delong Li , Nicolas Magud , and Fabian Valencia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513539935.001

ISBN: 9781513539935

Keywords: financial frictions, real options, uncertainty shocks, interest, interest rates, markets, cash flows, General, All Countries,

We examine how firm and country heterogeneity shape the response of corporate investment in emerging markets to changes in global interest rates and volatility. We test for the presence of (i) a financing channel o...

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries

Government Spending Effects in Low-income Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2015/286

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Wenyi Shen , Susan Yang , and Luis-Felipe Zanna

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513578972.001

ISBN: 9781513578972

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Low-income Countries, Public Investment, Fiscal Multipliers, Small Open DSGE Models, Aid, investment, government spending, exchange rate, exchange

Despite the voluminous literature on fiscal policy, very few papers focus on low-income countries (LICs). This paper develops a new-Keynesian small open economy model to show, analytically and through simulations,...

Financial Distortions in China
			: A General Equilibrium Approach

Financial Distortions in China : A General Equilibrium Approach »

Volume/Issue: 2015/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Diego Anzoategui , Mali Chivakul , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513565149.001

ISBN: 9781513565149

Keywords: Financial distortions, interest rate liberalization, implicit government guarantees, interest, guarantees, deposit, implicit guarantees, deposits, General, Asia including Middle East

Widespread implicit guarantees and interest ceilings were major distortions in China's financial system, contributing to a misallocation of resources. We analyze the impact of removing such frictions in a general e...

International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies
			: Drivers of Issuance and Spreads

International Sovereign Bonds by Emerging Markets and Developing Economies : Drivers of Issuance and Spreads »

Volume/Issue: 2015/275

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrea Presbitero , Dhaneshwar Ghura , Olumuyiwa Adedeji , and Lamin Njie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513581729.001

ISBN: 9781513581729

Keywords: Sovereign bond issuance, bond spreads, developing countries, bonds, sovereign bonds, bond, markets, sovereign bond, International Lending and Debt Problems, Asset Pricing

What determines the ability of low-income developing countries to issue bonds in international capital and what explains the spreads on these bonds? This paper examines these questions using a dataset that includes...

Solomon Islands
			: Request for an Extension of the Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility; Press Release; and Staff Report

Solomon Islands : Request for an Extension of the Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility; Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2015/352

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498344869.002

ISBN: 9781498344869

Keywords: arrangement, monetary fund, documents, data, central bank

This paper discusses Solomon Islands' Request for an Extension of the Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility (ECF). All end-December 2014 performance criteria (PCs), indicative targets (ITs) for March 2015,...

A Macro-Model Approach to Monetary Policy Analysis and Forecasting for Vietnam

A Macro-Model Approach to Monetary Policy Analysis and Forecasting for Vietnam »

Volume/Issue: 2015/273

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Dizioli , and Jochen M. Schmittmann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513595665.001

ISBN: 9781513595665

Keywords: Bayesian Estimation, exchange rate, interest rates, monetary policy rule, central bank, Forecasting and Simulation, Monetary Policy (Targets, Instruments, and Effects),

The paper develops a small New-Keynesian FPAS model for Vietnam. The model closely matches actual data from 2000-2014. We derive an optimal monetary policy rule that minimizes variability of output, inflation, and...

Crowding-Out or Crowding-In? Public and Private Investment in India

Crowding-Out or Crowding-In? Public and Private Investment in India »

Volume/Issue: 2015/264

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Girish Bahal , Mehdi Raissi , and Volodymyr Tulin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513541655.001

ISBN: 9781513541655

Keywords: Public investment, Private investment, Crowding in, Crowding out, Permanent shocks, Structural identification, Vector error correction models, investment, capital, investment activity

This paper contributes to the debate on the relationship between public-capital accumulation and private investment in India along the following dimensions. First, acknowledging major structural changes that the In...

Sri Lanka
			: Third Post-Program Monitoring Discussion-Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka : Third Post-Program Monitoring Discussion-Staff Report; Press Release; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka »

Volume/Issue: 2015/335

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513500171.002

ISBN: 9781513500171

Keywords: deficit, monetary fund, exchange, budget, tax, All Countries, exchange rate, commodity,

This paper focuses on Sri Lanka's Third Post-Program Monitoring Discussion. Sri Lanka's recent macroeconomic performance has generally been strong but risks appear to be on the rise. Real GDP growth registered 7.4...

The Whole Elephant
			: A Proposal for Integrating Cash, Accrual, and Sustainability-Gap Accounts

The Whole Elephant : A Proposal for Integrating Cash, Accrual, and Sustainability-Gap Accounts »

Volume/Issue: 2015/261

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Timothy Irwin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513597492.001

ISBN: 9781513597492

Keywords: Accrual accounts, comprehensive accounts, factor income distribution, budget deficit, deficit, accounting, transactions, All Countries,

Although the budget deficit is much discussed in political debate and economic research, there is no agreement on how it should be measured. There are at least four options, which can be called the cash deficit, th...