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Sri Lanka
			: Third Review under the Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criterion-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka : Third Review under the Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility and Request for Modification of Performance Criterion-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka »

Volume/Issue: 2018/3

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484337035.002

ISBN: 9781484337035

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Sri Lanka

Macro stabilization and two major tax reforms were the key outcomes of the first half of the program. Sri Lanka is pursuing a 3-year reform program with IMF support under the extended arrangement under the Extended...

Papua New Guinea
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Papua New Guinea »

Volume/Issue: 2017/411

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335918.002

ISBN: 9781484335918

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea (PNG) is experiencing weak economic growth resulting from falls in major commodity export prices, the completion of the huge PNG LNG pipeline project, and a severe drought. These developments have...

People's Republic of China
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program- Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Insurance Core Principles

People's Republic of China : Financial Sector Assessment Program- Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Insurance Core Principles »

Volume/Issue: 2017/402

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335154.002

ISBN: 9781484335154

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

The Chinese insurance sector is experiencing rapid growth, posing particular challenges to effective supervision. The sector has been growing by over 20 percent a year and there are ambitious government targets for...

People's Republic of China
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program- Detailed Assessment of Observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

People's Republic of China : Financial Sector Assessment Program- Detailed Assessment of Observance of Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2017/403

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335222.002

ISBN: 9781484335222

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

The China Banking Regulatory Commission (CBRC) has maintained its momentum in regulation and supervision in the face of exceptional growth in scale and increasing complexity of the banking system. Equally, the CBRC...

People's Republic of China
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program- Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Iosco Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation

People's Republic of China : Financial Sector Assessment Program- Detailed Assessment of Observance of the Iosco Objectives and Principles of Securities Regulation »

Volume/Issue: 2017/404

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484335307.002

ISBN: 9781484335307

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

The authorities' vision of ensuring that the capital markets support China's transformation towards a more market-oriented economy has driven capital markets development and-as the authorities recognize-the regulat...

India
			: Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2017/390

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484334164.002

ISBN: 9781484334164

Keywords: Middle East, Afghanistan, Islamic Republic of

Against the backdrop of important structural reforms and terms of trade gains, India recorded strong growth in recent years in both economic activity and financial assets. Increased diversification, commercial orie...

Mongolia
			: First and Second Reviews Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mongolia

Mongolia : First and Second Reviews Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mongolia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/396

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484334737.002

ISBN: 9781484334737

Keywords: Mongolia, Asia and Pacific

A three-year arrangement for Mongolia under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) was approved on May 24, 2017, in an amount equivalent to SDR 314.5054 million (435 percent of quota, or approximately $425 million). The...

Kiribati
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Kiribati : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/386

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484333907.002

ISBN: 9781484333907

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Kiribati

Kiribati is a small and fragile state vulnerable to climate change. Record high fishing revenue in recent years has boosted growth, improved the current account, and strengthened the fiscal stance. However, fishing...

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report

Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/360

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331194.002

ISBN: 9781484331194

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Timor-Leste

The near-term growth and inflation outlook remains generally favorable, but the fiscal balance and external position have deteriorated substantially. Adjustment from high dependency on oil revenue and large infrast...

People's Republic of China
			: Detailed Assessment Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes

People's Republic of China : Detailed Assessment Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes »

Volume/Issue: 2017/359

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331156.002

ISBN: 9781484331156

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

Detailed Assessment Report on the Observance of Standards and Codes...

People's Republic of China
			: Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for People's Republic of China

People's Republic of China : Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for People's Republic of China »

Volume/Issue: 2017/358

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484331149.002

ISBN: 9781484331149

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

Since the 2011 FSAP, China's impressive economic growth has continued, and it is now undertaking a necessary but prolonged economic transformation. China is transitioning from an economic model based on exports and...

Maldives
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Maldives

Maldives : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Maldives »

Volume/Issue: 2017/357

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484330999.002

ISBN: 9781484330999

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Maldives

Maldives' economic growth has been highly volatile, driven primarily by a high-end tourism industry. The economy improved marginally in 2016-17 on a recovery in tourism and construction but continues to face large...

Philippines
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Philippines : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/334

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326831.002

ISBN: 9781484326831

Keywords: Philippines, Asia and Pacific

The Philippine economy has performed well and is in a favorable position to address its socioeconomic challenges. Sound policies have delivered solid growth, low inflation, financial stability, and external and fis...

Philippines
			: Selected Issues

Philippines : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/335

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 November 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484326862.002

ISBN: 9781484326862

Keywords: Philippines, Asia and Pacific

Selected Issues...

Mongolia
			: Technical Assistance Report-Report on the Prices Statistics Mission

Mongolia : Technical Assistance Report-Report on the Prices Statistics Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2017/323

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484324592.002

ISBN: 9781484324592

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Mongolia

In response to a request from the National Statistics Office of Mongolia (NSOM), a technical assistance mission visited Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia during April 17-28, 2017, to provide assistance with updating and improv...

Cambodia
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cambodia

Cambodia : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cambodia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/325

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 October 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484325094.002

ISBN: 9781484325094

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Cambodia

Cambodia continues to grow at an impressive pace. Looking ahead, the outlook is positive, although there are near-term downside risks. Financial sector vulnerabilities stemming from rapid financial deepening remain...

Japan
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessment of Observance on Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

Japan : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Detailed Assessment of Observance on Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2017/282

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484319710.002

ISBN: 9781484319710

Keywords: Japan, Asia and Pacific

Banking regulations and supervisory processes have undergone significant improvements since the last Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP). The Japan Financial Services Agency (JFSA) is in the process of refor...

Japan
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Insurance Sector Regulation and Supervision

Japan : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Insurance Sector Regulation and Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2017/281

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484319697.002

ISBN: 9781484319697

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Japan

The Japanese insurance sector is characterized by a mature market, high concentration, and the predominance of life insurance products with interest guarantees. The insurance sector represents 13 percent of total f...

Japan
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Long-Term Challenges for Financial Intermediation

Japan : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Long-Term Challenges for Financial Intermediation »

Volume/Issue: 2017/283

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484319741.002

ISBN: 9781484319741

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Japan

Sustained demographic change can have potentially significant effects on the economy and the financial system. Aging can affect financial intermediation through its effects on potential growth, on the term structur...

Japan
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Regulation and Supervision of Securities

Japan : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Regulation and Supervision of Securities »

Volume/Issue: 2017/284

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484319789.002

ISBN: 9781484319789

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Japan

Japanese securities firms consist of a very heterogeneous group of firms, ranging from major global players to purely domestic firms that conduct only limited activities. At one end, the firms include two major ind...

Japan
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Systemic Risk Analysis and Stress Testing the Financial Sector

Japan : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Systemic Risk Analysis and Stress Testing the Financial Sector »

Volume/Issue: 2017/285

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484319819.002

ISBN: 9781484319819

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Japan

A comprehensive set of stress tests and interconnectedness were conducted to assess the resilience of Japan's financial system and shed light on linkages and potential vulnerabilities. Japan has one of the largest...

Federated States of Micronesia
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Federated States of Micronesia

Federated States of Micronesia : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Federated States of Micronesia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484319642.002

ISBN: 9781484319642

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Micronesia, Federated States of

Federated States of Micronesia (FSM) is a small and sparsely-populated state vulnerable to climate change. Over the medium term, the country needs to prepare for the expiration of U.S. Compact grants from FY2024 on...

People's Republic of China
			: Selected Issues

People's Republic of China : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/248

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 August 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314722.002

ISBN: 9781484314722

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

Selected Issues...

Sri Lanka
			: Second Review under the Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waivers of Applicability and Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Request for Modification of Performance Criterion-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka : Second Review under the Extended Arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility, Request for Waivers of Applicability and Nonobservance of Performance Criterion, and Request for Modification of Performance Criterion-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Sri Lanka »

Volume/Issue: 2017/253

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 August 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484315033.002

ISBN: 9781484315033

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka's economic reform program is supported by an Extended arrangement under the Extended Fund Facility (EFF) that was approved in June 2016 for the amount of SDR 1.1 billion (185 percent of quota and about US...

People's Republic of China
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the People's Republic of China

People's Republic of China : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the People's Republic of China »

Volume/Issue: 2017/247

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 August 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484314654.002

ISBN: 9781484314654

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

Policy support, strengthening external demand, and supply-side reforms have helped maintain strong growth which, along with tighter enforcement of capital flow management measures, has also reduced exchange rate pr...

Japan
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Japan

Japan : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Japan »

Volume/Issue: 2017/242

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484313411.002

ISBN: 9781484313411

Keywords: Japan, Asia and Pacific

Abenomics has improved economic conditions and engendered structural reforms but has not yet achieved a durable exit from deflation. The economy has expanded at a pace above potential the last five consecutive quar...

Japan
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

Japan : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2017/244

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484313435.002

ISBN: 9781484313435

Keywords: Japan, Asia and Pacific

Weak growth and low interest rates, together with underlying demographic headwinds, are posing chronic challenges for the financial system. Despite accommodative financial conditions, sluggish domestic demand have...

Japan
			: Selected Issues

Japan : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/243

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484313428.002

ISBN: 9781484313428

Keywords: Jordan, Middle East

Selected Issues...

Singapore
			: Selected Issues

Singapore : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/241

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312858.002

ISBN: 9781484312858

Keywords: Singapore, Asia and Pacific

Singapore: Selected Issues...

Singapore
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Singapore : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/240

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484312773.002

ISBN: 9781484312773

Keywords: Singapore, Asia and Pacific

A cyclical upswing in growth is under way driven by goods trade. But improved momentum has yet to extend beyond the export-oriented sectors, and structural headwinds to growth from aging, tighter foreign worker pol...

Vietnam
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vietnam

Vietnam : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vietnam »

Volume/Issue: 2017/190

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484307564.002

ISBN: 9781484307564

Keywords: Vietnam, Asia and Pacific

Vietnam's dynamic economy continues on a solid growth path, driven by robust domestic demand and export-oriented manufacturing. The new government is pushing ahead with reforms along a broad front, keenly aware of...

Vietnam
			: Selected Issues

Vietnam : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/191

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 July 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484307571.002

ISBN: 9781484307571

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Vietnam

Vietnam: Selected Issues...

Multi-Country Report
			: Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Ensuring Financial Stability in Countries with Islamic Banking-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/145

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302996.002

ISBN: 9781484302996

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bahrain, Djibouti, Europe, Indonesia, Kenya, Kuwait, Malaysia, Middle East, Nigeria

This paper presents country experiences with reforms to strengthen regulatory oversight of the Islamic banking sector. Based on the selected country experiences, a number of important lessons and policy options can...

Multi-Country Report
			: Building Fiscal Capacity in Fragile States-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report

Multi-Country Report : Building Fiscal Capacity in Fragile States-Case Studies-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/153

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303719.002

ISBN: 9781484303719

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Europe, Haiti, Kosovo, Liberia, Mali, Middle East, Myanmar, South Sudan, Sub-Saharan Africa

This report reviews the IMF's effort to build fiscal capacity in fragile states. It presents case studies on IMF technical assistance (TA) and capacity development in the fiscal area, provided by its Fiscal Affairs...

Indonesia
			: Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia

Indonesia : Financial System Stability Assessment-Press Release and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/152

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303559.002

ISBN: 9781484303559

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Indonesia

This paper assesses the stability of Indonesia's financial system. Since the 2010 Financial Sector Assessment Program, Indonesia's macroeconomic performance has been robust and the financial system has been stable....

Bangladesh
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Bangladesh : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/147

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 June 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484303207.002

ISBN: 9781484303207

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Bangladesh

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights steady monetary policy management and fiscal discipline in Bangladesh, which have supported macroeconomic stability, allowing the economy to benefit from favorable exter...

Mongolia
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release: Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mongolia

Mongolia : 2017 Article IV Consultation and Request for an Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility-Press Release: Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Mongolia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/140

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484302354.002

ISBN: 9781484302354

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights Mongolia's promising longer-term prospects given its abundant natural resources. In recent years, however, the economy has faced substantial challenges, as external shoc...

Thailand
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand

Thailand : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Thailand »

Volume/Issue: 2017/136

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301814.002

ISBN: 9781484301814

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Thailand

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights the Thai economy's continued recovery in 2016. GDP growth reached 3.2 percent, driven mainly by exports of services and public investment. Amid subdued import growth and...

Thailand
			: Selected Issues

Thailand : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/137

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484301845.002

ISBN: 9781484301845

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Thailand

This Selected Issues paper analyzes factors that could bring inflation back to target in Thailand. The paper estimates a hybrid New Keynesian Phillips curve with time varying parameters to gauge the quantitative ro...

Samoa
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Samoa

Samoa : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Samoa »

Volume/Issue: 2017/112

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599411.002

ISBN: 9781475599411

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Samoa

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights Samoa's continued good economic performance. Economic activity picked up during 2015/16 driven by tourism arrivals, lower fuel prices, and new fish processing facilities...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Detailed Assessment of Observance-Insurance Core Principles

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance-Insurance Core Principles »

Volume/Issue: 2017/121

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599954.002

ISBN: 9781475599954

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This paper presents an assessment of the Observance of Insurance Core Principles in New Zealand. Observance of these principles in New Zealand falls significantly short. In some areas, the implementation of initiat...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Detailed Assessment of Observance-Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Detailed Assessment of Observance-Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision »

Volume/Issue: 2017/120

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599930.002

ISBN: 9781475599930

The supervisory approach of the Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) reflects the characteristics of the local banking industry and the authorities' goal to limit moral hazard by relying on market discipline and not...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework »

Volume/Issue: 2017/116

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599848.002

ISBN: 9781475599848

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note assesses the level of implementation of the Contingency Planning and Crisis Management Framework in New Zealand. Work has already begun to identify necessary resources, such as rosters of potent...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Fund Management-Regulation, Supervision, and Systemic Risk Monitoring

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Fund Management-Regulation, Supervision, and Systemic Risk Monitoring »

Volume/Issue: 2017/117

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599855.002

ISBN: 9781475599855

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note presents an assessment of Regulation, Supervision and Systemic Risk Monitoring in New Zealand. The overall regulatory framework for asset management is well developed, but would benefit from som...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Macroprudential Institutional Framework and Policies

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Macroprudential Institutional Framework and Policies »

Volume/Issue: 2017/118

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599909.002

ISBN: 9781475599909

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This Technical Note assesses the macroprudential institutional framework and policies in New Zealand. New Zealand has a strong institutional framework for macroprudential policy. This framework is based on a clear...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Regulation and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Regulation and Oversight of Financial Market Infrastructures »

Volume/Issue: 2017/115

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599824.002

ISBN: 9781475599824

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

The regulatory and oversight framework for Financial Market Infrastructures (FMIs) in New Zealand is undergoing a major reform. The Reserve Bank of New Zealand (RBNZ) and the Financial Markets Authority (FMA) curre...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking Sector and Systemic Risk Analysis

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Technical Note-Stress Testing the Banking Sector and Systemic Risk Analysis »

Volume/Issue: 2017/119

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599923.002

ISBN: 9781475599923

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, New Zealand

This Technical Note discusses the results of stress testing of the banking sector and systemic risk analysis for New Zealand. The banking sector, which dominates the financial system, has significant exposure to re...

New Zealand
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand

New Zealand : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2017/111

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475599091.002

ISBN: 9781475599091

Keywords: New Zealand, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights New Zealand's economic expansion, which since early 2011 gained further broad-based momentum in 2016. GDP growth accelerated to 4 percent, and the output gap has roughly...

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program
			: Financial System Stability Assessment

New Zealand: Financial Sector Assessment Program : Financial System Stability Assessment »

Volume/Issue: 2017/110

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475598834.002

ISBN: 9781475598834

This paper presents an assessment of the stability of the financial system in New Zealand. Imbalances in the housing market, banks' concentrated exposures to the dairy sector, and their high reliance on wholesale o...

Malaysia
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Authorities of Malaysia

Malaysia : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Authorities of Malaysia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/101

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475596656.002

ISBN: 9781475596656

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Malaysia

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights the Malaysian economy's good performance over the past few years in a challenging global economic environment. Despite the impact of global commodity price and financial...

Republic of Nauru
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Nauru

Republic of Nauru : 2017 Article IV Consultation- Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Nauru »

Volume/Issue: 2017/82

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475591927.002

ISBN: 9781475591927

Keywords: Nauru

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights Nauru's growth and a substantial improvement in government revenue in recent years thanks to processing of asylum seekers by the Australian Regional Processing Center (R...

Nepal
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report

Nepal : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/74

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475589009.002

ISBN: 9781475589009

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic recovery, Economic growth, Fiscal policy, Fiscal reforms, Monetary policy, Tax administration, Customs administration, Economic indicators, Staff Reports

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights the rebound of Nepal's economy following a slowdown caused by the 2015 earthquakes and trade disruptions at the southern border. The growth of real GDP at market prices...

Mongolia
			: Technical Assistance Report- Report on the National Accounts Mission

Mongolia : Technical Assistance Report- Report on the National Accounts Mission »

Volume/Issue: 2017/52

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579093.002

ISBN: 9781475579093

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Commodity price fluctuations, Copper, Gross domestic product, National accounts, Natural resources, Mining sector, Mongolia, Technical assistance missions, Technical Assistance Reports

This Technical Assistance Report evaluates the National Accounts Mission in Mongolia. Mongolia's national accounts statistics were found to be broadly adequate for IMF surveillance according to the most recent IMF...

India
			: 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India

India : 2017 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for India »

Volume/Issue: 2017/54

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579789.002

ISBN: 9781475579789

Keywords: India, Asia and Pacific

This 2017 Article IV Consultation highlights strong growth recorded by the Indian economy in recent years helped by a large terms-of-trade gain and positive policy actions. Inflation has remained low following the...

India
			: Selected Issues

India : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/55

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579819.002

ISBN: 9781475579819

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, India

This Selected Issues paper evaluates corporate and banking sector vulnerabilities in India. The analysis shows that while corporate sector risks have subsided, debt repayment capacity remains strained, and high lev...

Lao People's Democratic Republic
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Lao People's Democratic Republic

Lao People's Democratic Republic : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Lao People's Democratic Republic »

Volume/Issue: 2017/53

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475579451.002

ISBN: 9781475579451

Keywords: Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the real GDP growth of Lao People's Democratic Republic is expected to moderate from 7.5 percent in 2015 to 7 percent in 2016. Domestic activity has slowed followin...

Indonesia
			: Selected Issues

Indonesia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/48

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475577624.002

ISBN: 9781475577624

Keywords: Selected Issues Papers, Asia and Pacific, Capital inflows, Economic growth, External debt, Fiscal policy, Social safety nets, Tax reforms, Private investment, Indonesia

This Selected Issues paper analyzes the capital inflows to Indonesia since the global financial crisis. Capital inflows to Indonesia have increased since the crisis. Their average volume increased from 3.25 percent...

Australia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia

Australia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; Staff Statement; and Statement by the Executive Director for Australia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/42

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475575835.002

ISBN: 9781475575835

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Australia

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Australia has enjoyed robust growth despite the commodity price and mining investment bust. The moderate impact of the large shocks since 2011 highlights the resili...

Australia
			: Selected Issues

Australia : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/43

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475575842.002

ISBN: 9781475575842

Keywords: Australia, Asset prices, Asia and Pacific, Budgets, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal consolidation, Fiscal policy, Real effective exchange rates, Labor markets, Medium-term strategy

This Selected Issues paper examines the adjustment of Australian labor markets to the recent adverse shocks. Australia's labor markets were not severely impacted by the global financial crisis and are adjusting smo...

Indonesia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia

Indonesia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Indonesia »

Volume/Issue: 2017/37

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574807.002

ISBN: 9781475574807

Keywords: Indonesia, Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Indonesia has maintained macroeconomic stability, while adjusting well to recent shifts in the external environment. A prudent mix of macroeconomic policies and the...

Myanmar
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar

Myanmar : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Myanmar »

Volume/Issue: 2017/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574098.002

ISBN: 9781475574098

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Balance of payments statistics, Asia and Pacific, Budget deficits, Debt sustainability analysis, Fiscal policy, Financial sector, Fiscal reforms, Flexible exchange rate policy, Economic growth

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Myanmar's economy grew broadly as expected in FY2015/16, at a healthy pace of 7.3 percent, despite massive floods during July-September 2015. Activity softened duri...

Myanmar
			: Selected Issues

Myanmar : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2017/31

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475574135.002

ISBN: 9781475574135

Keywords: Myanmar, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal risk, Financial sector, Climatic changes, Capital markets, Banks, Asia and Pacific, Selected Issues Papers

This Selected Issues paper examines the strategy and priorities for reform in Myanmar's financial sector. The IMF helped design and implement a foreign currency auction by the Central Bank of Myanmar (CBM), as a fi...

Papua New Guinea
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report

Papua New Guinea : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; and Staff Report »

Volume/Issue: 2017/22

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 January 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475572384.002

ISBN: 9781475572384

Keywords: Papua New Guinea, Asia and Pacific

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Papua New Guinea is facing headwinds stemming from low commodity prices and is recovering from a major drought; these factors have weighed on economic growth, weake...

Cambodia
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cambodia

Cambodia : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Cambodia »

Volume/Issue: 2016/340

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 November 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475551327.002

ISBN: 9781475551327

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Staff Reports, Panama, Press releases, Price controls, Fiscal reforms, Fiscal policy, Economic growth, Economic indicators, Banking sector

Cambodia is a fast-growing, highly open economy, and attained lower-middle income status this year. Over the last two decades, Cambodia grew rapidly (average real GDP growth of around 8 percent) and its integration...

Vanuatu
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vanuatu

Vanuatu : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Vanuatu »

Volume/Issue: 2016/336

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475550610.002

ISBN: 9781475550610

Keywords: Infrastructure, Monetary policy, Public investment, Press releases, Vanuatu, Vanuatu, Staff Reports, Bank supervision, Article IV consultation reports, Balance of payments statistics

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Vanuatu's economy is gradually recovering from the extensive damages caused by Cyclone Pam, which hit the country in March 2015. The cyclone led to a decline in GDP...

Brunei Darussalam
			: Statistical Appendix

Brunei Darussalam : Statistical Appendix »

Volume/Issue: 2016/310

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475542080.002

ISBN: 9781475542080

Keywords: Asia and Pacific, Brunei Darussalam

Brunei Darussalam: Statistical Appendix...

Republic of Palau
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Palau

Republic of Palau : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Republic of Palau »

Volume/Issue: 2016/328

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475545937.002

ISBN: 9781475545937

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic growth, Tourism, Fiscal policy, Infrastructure, Climatic changes, Banks, Nonbank financial sector, Bank supervision, Economic indicators

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that Palau's economy has performed well in recent years. The economy grew strongly in FY2015 (ending September 30, 2015) at 9.4 percent, with tourist arrivals and constr...

Tuvalu
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tuvalu

Tuvalu : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Tuvalu »

Volume/Issue: 2016/323

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 October 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475543926.002

ISBN: 9781475543926

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Economic growth, Fiscal policy, Fisheries, Climatic changes, Fiscal reforms, Public enterprises, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics

This 2016 Article IV Consultation highlights that the macroeconomic outlook for Tuvalu is stable. Real GDP growth in 2015 is estimated at 2.6 percent and is projected to rise to 4 percent in 2016 owing to several l...

Asean-5 Cluster Report
			: Evolution of Monetary Policy Frameworks

Asean-5 Cluster Report : Evolution of Monetary Policy Frameworks »

Volume/Issue: 2016/176

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498308748.002

ISBN: 9781498308748

Keywords: Monetary policy, Association of Southeast Asian Nations, Central banks, Business cycles, Capital outflows, Cross country analysis, Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand

This paper examines the evolution of monetary policy frameworks of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)-5 economies, with particular focus on changes since the Asian financial crisis and the more rece...

Bhutan
			: 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan

Bhutan : 2016 Article IV Consultation-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Bhutan »

Volume/Issue: 2016/206

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Asia and Pacific Dept

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475567342.002

ISBN: 9781475567342

Keywords: Article IV consultation reports, Fiscal policy, Government expenditures, Tax revenues, Monetary policy, Currency pegs, Bank supervision, Economic indicators, Balance of payments statistics, Debt sustainability analysis

This paper discusses the recent economic developments, outlook, and risks for Bhutan. Following a slowdown in activity in the wake of the rupee shortage, economic growth has picked up more recently. From an average...

Non-Linear Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets

Non-Linear Exchange Rate Pass-Through in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2016/1

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Francesca Caselli , and Agustin Roitman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 January 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513578262.001

ISBN: 9781513578262

Keywords: Non-Linearities, exchange rate, depreciation, inflation targeting, exchange rate movements, Models with Panel Data, General, All Countries,, Exchange rate pass-through, Foreign exchange

This paper estimates exchange rate pass-through to consumer prices in emerging markets focusing on non-linearities and asymmetries. We document non-linearities and asymmetries in the transmission of exchange rate f...

Inequality and Fiscal Policy

Inequality and Fiscal Policy »

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Ruud Mooij , Sanjeev Gupta , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513567754.071

ISBN: 9781513567754

Keywords: income, tax, taxes, revenue, health

The sizeable increase in income inequality experienced in advanced economies and many parts of the world since the 1990s and the severe consequences of the global economic and financial crisis have brought distribu...

Rethinking Financial Deepening
			: Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets

Rethinking Financial Deepening : Stability and Growth in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/8

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Martin Cihak , Papa N'Diaye , Adolfo Barajas , Diana Ayala Pena , Ran Bi , Yuan Gao , Annette Kyobe , Lam Nguyen , Christian Saborowski , Katsiaryna Svirydzenka , and Reza Yousefi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498312615.006

ISBN: 9781498312615

Keywords: Economic growth, Emerging markets, Financial stability, financial development, financial deepening, financial inclusion, finance, General, Government Policy and Regulation, Estabilidad financiera; Crecimiento económico; Desarrollo del mercado de capitales; Acceso a los mercados de capitales; Mercados emergentes

The global financial crisis experience shone a spotlight on the dangers of financial systems that have grown too big too fast. This note reexamines financial deepening, focusing on what emerging markets can learn f...

Fair Weather or Foul? The Macroeconomic Effects of El Niño

Fair Weather or Foul? The Macroeconomic Effects of El Niño »

Volume/Issue: 2015/89

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paul Cashin , Kamiar Mohaddes , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475535495.001

ISBN: 9781475535495

Keywords: El Ni&;amp;#x00F1;o weather shocks, oil and non-fuel commodity prices, global macroeconometric modeling, international business cycle, prices, inflation, variables, gdp, trade, Time-Series Models

This paper employs a dynamic multi-country framework to analyze the international macroeconomic transmission of El Niño weather shocks. This framework comprises 21 country/region-specific models, estimated over the...

Fair Play
			: More Equal Laws Boost Female Labor Force Participation

Fair Play : More Equal Laws Boost Female Labor Force Participation »

Volume/Issue: 2015/2

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Christian Gonzales , Sonali Jain-Chandra , Kalpana Kochhar , and Monique Newiak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498354424.006

ISBN: 9781498354424

Keywords: Labor force participation, Gender equality, Women, female labor force participation, gender equity, legal rights, gender, labor force, female labor, Participación en la fuerza laboral;Mujeres;Igualdad de género;Mercados de trabajo;Reformas del mercado laboral;Aspectos económicos de la familia;Análisis entre países

This Staff Discussion Note examines the effect of gender-based legal restrictions and other policy choices and demographic characteristics on female labor force participation. Drawing on a large and novel panel dat...

IMF Financial Operations 2014

IMF Financial Operations 2014 »

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484318928.071

ISBN: 9781484318928

Keywords: debt relief, balance of payments, central bank, general resources account, monetary fund, IFO

IMF Financial Operations 2014 provides a broad introduction to how the IMF fulfills its mission through its financial activities. It covers the financial structure and operations of the IMF and also pr...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2014
			: From stabilization to sustainable growth

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2014 : From stabilization to sustainable growth »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498315357.011

ISBN: 9781498315357

Keywords: Annual reports, Administrative and Capital budgets, Bilateral surveillance, External training programs, Executive Board, Financial sector surveillance, IMF, IMF Finance, IMF Lending, Fund budget

Seven years after the onset of the global financial crisis, the world still has a way to go to secure a sustainable recovery marked by strong growth that supports rapid job creation and benefits all, International...

Emerging Market Volatility
			: Lessons from The Taper Tantrum

Emerging Market Volatility : Lessons from The Taper Tantrum »

Volume/Issue: 2014/9

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Ratna Sahay , Vivek Arora , Athanasios Arvanitis , Hamid Faruqee , Papa N'Diaye , and Tommaso Mancini Griffoli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 October 2014

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781498318204.006

ISBN: 9781498318204

Keywords: Monetary policy, Emerging markets, United States, Capital flows, Financial markets, Capital market volatility, Macroprudential Policy, Developed countries, Tapering, unconventional monetary policy

Accommodative monetary policies in advanced economies have spurred increased capital inflows into emerging markets since the global financial crisis. Starting in May 2013, when the Federal Reserve publicly discusse...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2013

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2013 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484366806.012

ISBN: 9781484366806

Keywords: Exchange rate adjustments, Exchange rate appreciation, Exchange rate assessments, Exchange rate developments, Exchange rate determination, Exchange rate depreciation, Exchange rate guarantees, Exchange rate indicators, Exchange rate indexes, Exchange rate management

This is the 64th issue of the AREAER. It provides a description of the foreign exchange arrangements, exchange and trade systems, and capital controls of all IMF member countries. It also provides information on th...

Iwf 2013 Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2013 Die Globale Konjunkturerholung Sichern Und Stärken
			: Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy

Iwf 2013 Internationaler Währungsfonds Jahresbericht 2013 Die Globale Konjunkturerholung Sichern Und Stärken : Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 October 2013

Language: German

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484362785.011

ISBN: 9781484362785

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, debt relief, public debt, capital flows, balance of payments, debt sustainability, management of capital flows, risk management, internal audit

The IMF's 2013 Annual Report chronicles the response of the institution's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2013, which covers the period from May 1, 20...

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013
			: Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy

International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2013 : Promoting a More Secure and Stable Global Economy »

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Secretary's Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475515398.011

ISBN: 9781475515398

Keywords: financial stability, financial sector, debt relief, public debt, capital flows

The IMF's 2013 Annual Report chronicles the response of the institution's Executive Board and staff to the global financial crisis and other events during financial year 2013, which covers the period from May 1, 20...

Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries

Assessing Reserve Adequacy in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Valerio Crispolti , Era Dabla-Norris , Jun Kim , Kazuko Shirono , and George Tsibouris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616354121.084

ISBN: 9781616354121

Keywords: External shocks, reserve holdings, consumption growth, terms of trade, current account

Low-income countries routinely experience exogenous disturbances—sharp swings in the terms of trade, export demand, natural disasters, and volatile financial flows—that contribute to higher volatility...

Two Targets, Two Instruments
			: Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies

Two Targets, Two Instruments : Monetary and Exchange Rate Policies in Emerging Market Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2012/1

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Jonathan Ostry , Atish Ghosh , and Marcos Chamon

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475503623.006

ISBN: 9781475503623

Keywords: Emerging markets, Exchange rate policy, Central banks, Inflation targeting, Foreign exchange intervention, Monetary policy, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, foreign exchange

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

Managing Abundance to Avoid a Bust in Latin America

Managing Abundance to Avoid a Bust in Latin America »

Volume/Issue: 2011/7

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Martin Kaufman , Steven Phillips , Rodrigo Valdes , and Nicolas Eyzaguirre

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781463926557.006

ISBN: 9781463926557

Keywords: Capital inflows, Latin America, capital controls, prudential tools, current account, capital account restrictions, current account deficits, capital account,

Staff Discussion Notes showcase the latest policy-related analysis and research being developed by individual IMF staff and are published to elicit comment and to further debate. These papers are generally brief an...

External Performance in Low-Income Countries

External Performance in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , Lone Engbo Christiansen , Stephen Tokarick , and Thierry Tressel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781616350536.084

ISBN: 9781616350536

Keywords: External sector, Low-income developing countries, Real effective exchange rates, exchange rate, current account, real exchange rate, foreign assets, net foreign assets

Assessments of exchange rate misalignments and external imbalances for low-income countries are challenging because methodologies developed for advanced and emerging economies cannot be automatically applied to poo...

Reconstructing the World Economy

Reconstructing the World Economy »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Il SaKong , and Olivier Blanchard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589069770.072

ISBN: 9781589069770

Keywords: inflation, current account, financial system, central bank, monetary policy

This volume presents papers from a conference organized by the Korea Development Institute and the IMF. The purpose of this high-level conference was for policymakers and academics from the Asian region and from G-...

The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies
			: Targeting Emerging Economies

The Role of the Exchange Rate in Inflation-Targeting Emerging Economies : Targeting Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Anna Nordstrom , Scott Roger , Mark Stone , Seiichi Shimizu , Turgut Kisinbay , and Jorge Restrepo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 November 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067967.084

ISBN: 9781589067967

Keywords: Developing countries, Central bank role, Emerging markets, Exchange rates, Inflation targeting, exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, monetary policy

This paper explores the role of exchange rates in emerging economies with inflation-targeting regimes, an issue that has become especially germane during the current episode of financial turmoil and volatile capita...

Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance
			: A Collection of Empirical Studies

Exchange Rate Analysis in Support of IMF Surveillance : A Collection of Empirical Studies »

Series: Books

Author(s): Charalambos Tsangarides , Carlo Cottarelli , Gian Milesi-Ferretti , and Atish Ghosh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589067288.071

ISBN: 9781589067288

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, exchange rate regime, exchange rates, exchange rate regimes

Exchange rate analysis lies at the center of the IMF's surveillance mandate and policy advice, as well as in the design of IMF-supported programs, and IMF staff are called upon to analyze a wide variety of exchange...

Exchange Rate Assessments
			: CGER Methodologies

Exchange Rate Assessments : CGER Methodologies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Jonathan Ostry , Alessandro Prati , Luca Ricci , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2008

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589066380.084

ISBN: 9781589066380

Keywords: Exchange rates, Exchange rate assessments, current account, exchange rate, current account balance, real exchange rate

The rapid increase in international trade and financial integration over the past decade and the growing importance of emerging markets in world trade and GDP have inspired the IMF to place stronger emphasis on mul...

Cambodia
			: Rebuilding for a Challenging Future

Cambodia : Rebuilding for a Challenging Future »

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sumio Ishikawa , Sibel Beadle , Damien Eastman , Srobona Mitra , Alejandro Lopez Mejia , Wafa Abdelati , Koji Nakamura , Il Lee , Sònia Muñoz , Robert Hagemann , David Coe , and Nadia Rendak

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 February 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064447.058

ISBN: 9781589064447

Keywords: Development, court, law, exchange rate, dollarization, judicial reform

Cambodia's reconstruction and reform efforts have spanned almost 25 years following the Khmer Rouge period, which ended in 1979. Economic reforms began in earnest in the early 1990s, but reform efforts were beset b...

Moving to a Flexible Exchange Rate
			: How, When, and How Fast?

Moving to a Flexible Exchange Rate : How, When, and How Fast? »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): Rupa Duttagupta , Cem Karacadag , and Gilda Fernandez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 January 2006

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064768.051

ISBN: 9781589064768

Keywords: exchange rate, foreign exchange, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange market

A growing number of countries are adopting flexible exchange rate regimes because flexibility offers more protection against external shocks and greater monetary independence. Other countries have made the transiti...

The Design of IMF-Supported Programs

The Design of IMF-Supported Programs »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Charalambos Christofides , Atish Ghosh , Uma Ramakrishnan , Alun Thomas , Laura Papi , Juan Zalduendo , and Jun Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061934.084

ISBN: 9781589061934

Keywords: current account, current account balance, inflation, capital account, balance of payments

This collection of papers examines IMF-supported programs over the period 1995-2000 in both middle-income and low-income countries. In order to seek insights from a comparison across different types of programs, th...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2005

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2005 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064379.012

ISBN: 9781589064379

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, foreign currency, direct investment, exchange rate, forward exchange, foreign investment, foreign exchange budget

The exchange and trade systems of IMF member countries are presented in this comprehensive volume in a tabular format, which includes coverage of the regulatory framework for capital movements. The information gene...

Dollars, Debt, and Deficits
			: Sixty Years After Bretton Woods

Dollars, Debt, and Deficits : Sixty Years After Bretton Woods »

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589064539.072

ISBN: 9781589064539

Keywords: Deficit financing, Budget deficits, exchange rate, public debt, foreign assets, current account, foreign liabilities

This book examines the challenges facing the international monetary and financial system, as well as the future role of the Bretton Woods institutions in addressing those challenges. The volume is based on the proc...

A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows

A New Look at Exchange Rate Volatility and Trade Flows »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Peter Clark , Shang-Jin Wei , Natalia Tamirisa , Azim Sadikov , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063587.084

ISBN: 9781589063587

Keywords: Capital flows, Exchange rates, Trade, exchange rate, exchange rate volatility, real exchange rate, bilateral trade

The effect of exchange rate volatility on trade flows was examined by a 1984 IMF study on G-7 countries. Over the past two decades, many developments in the world economy, such as the currency crises in the 1990s a...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2004

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2004 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 September 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589063365.012

ISBN: 9781589063365

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange restrictions, Exchange arrangements, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

This 2004 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Ko...

China's Growth and Integration into the World Economy
			: Prospects and Challenges

China's Growth and Integration into the World Economy : Prospects and Challenges »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2004

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062580.084

ISBN: 9781589062580

Keywords: Economic growth, Development, Trade, exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate, employment, unemployment

China's transformation into a dynamic private-sector-led economy and its integration into the world economy have been among the most dramatic global economic developments of recent decades. This paper provides an o...

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003

Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions 2003 »

Series: Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062184.012

ISBN: 9781589062184

Keywords: Annual reports, Exchange arrangements, Exchange restrictions, foreign exchange, payments, foreign currency, credit, direct investment, shares, purchases

This 2003 Annual Report on Exchange Arrangements and Exchange Restrictions provides a detailed description of the exchange arrangements and exchange/trade restrictions of individual IMF member countries and Hong Ko...

Informal Funds Transfer Systems
			: An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System

Informal Funds Transfer Systems : An Analysis of the Informal Hawala System »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Mohammed El Qorchi , Samuel Maimbo , and John Wilson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589062269.084

ISBN: 9781589062269

Keywords: Financial systems, banking, remittance, remittances, foreign exchange, banking sector

Since the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, there has been increased public interest in informal funds transfer (IFT) systems. This paper examines the informal hawala system, an IFT system found predominantl...

Advanced Country Experiences with Capital Account Liberalization

Advanced Country Experiences with Capital Account Liberalization »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Age Bakker , and Bryan Chapple

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061170.084

ISBN: 9781589061170

Keywords: exchange rate, capital controls, capital account liberalization, capital movements, capital inflows

After the industrial countries established current account convertibility in the late1950s, they began to phase out their capital controls. Their efforts were slow and tentative at first, but built up considerable...