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Petroleum Product Subsidies
			: Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise »

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455239108.004

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

El FMI y la pobreza
			:  Departamento de Finanzas Púlicas

El FMI y la pobreza : Departamento de Finanzas Púlicas »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 1999

Language: Spanish

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757869.054

ISBN: 9781557757869

El FMI hace cada vez más hincapié en un "crecimiento de alta calidad" - es decir, un crecimiento que sea sostenible, que esté acompañado de saldos internos y externos apropiados, que respete el medio ambiente y qu...

Le FMI et la pauvreté
			: Département des finances publiques

Le FMI et la pauvreté : Département des finances publiques »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 January 1999

Language: French

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757852.054

ISBN: 9781557757852

Keywords: expenditures, public expenditures, expenditure, fiscal policy, social expenditures, military expenditures, capital expenditures, public expenditure, total expenditures, health expenditures

The IMF is increasingly emphasizing "high-quality growth" - that is, growth that is sustainable, that is accompanied by appropriate domestic and external balances, that respects the environment, and that is aided b...

The IMF and The Poor

The IMF and The Poor »

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): Calvin McDonald , Benedict Clements , and Christian Schiller

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 September 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757456.054

ISBN: 9781557757456

Keywords: expenditures, public expenditures, expenditure, fiscal policy, social expenditures

The IMF is increasingly emphasizing "high-quality growth" - that is, growth that is sustainable, that is accompanied by appropriate domestic and external balances, that respects the environment, and that is aided b...

Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries

Fiscal Reforms in Low-Income Countries »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Liam Ebrill , Sanjeev Gupta , Anthony Pellechio , Jerald Schiff , George Abed , Ronald McMorran , and Marijn Verhoeven

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 March 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557757173.084

ISBN: 9781557757173

Keywords: Developing countries, expenditure, tax administration, tax revenue, wage, expenditures

The reform of fiscal policies and institutions lies at the heart of structural adjustment in developing countries. Although the immediate aim of such reform is to reduce fiscal imbalances to achieve macroeconomic s...

The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth
			: Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies

The Composition of Fiscal Adjustment and Growth : Lessons from Fiscal Reforms in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): George Mackenzie , Philip Gerson , and David Orsmond

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756299.084

ISBN: 9781557756299

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, fiscal policy, capital expenditure, expenditure management

This study examines the composition of fiscal adjustment - tax and expenditure policies and administrative procedures, and some aspects of public enterprise reform - in a sample of eight countries (Bangladesh, Chil...

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries
			: Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies

Reinvigorating Growth in Developing Countries : Lessons from Adjustment Policies in Eight Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Kalpana Kochhar , Erik Offerdal , Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Mauro Mecagni , Jianping Zhou , Balázs Horváth , David Goldsbrough , and Sharmini Coorey

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557755599.084

ISBN: 9781557755599

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, private investment, external financing, wages

This study examines the links between adjustment policies and growth in a small group of developing countries- Bangladesh, Chile, Ghana, India, Mexico, Morocco, Senegal, and Thailand - during 1970 -93. It provides...

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy

The Adoption of Indirect Instruments of Monetary Policy »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Tomás Baliño , Charles Enoch , and William Alexander

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 July 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557754899.084

ISBN: 9781557754899

Keywords: central bank, monetary policy, banking, monetary control, banking system

This paper examines the experience of implementing indirect instruments of monetary policy. The experiences of country studies illustrate the variety of circumstances under which indirect instruments of monetary po...