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Regional Economic Outlook, April 2019, Sub-Saharan Africa

Recovery Amid Elevated Uncertainty

The economic recovery in sub-Saharan Africa is expected to continue, but at a slower pace than envisaged in October 2018.

Global Financial Stability Report, April 2019

Vulnerabilities in a Maturing Credit Cycle

The April 2019 GFSR finds that despite significant variability over the past two quarters, financial conditions remain accommodative.

The Chair’s Summing Up Independent Evaluation Office—IMF Advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting 20/93 September 18, 2020

New
The Chair’s Summing Up Independent Evaluation Office—IMF Advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting 20/93 September 18, 2020 »

Source: The Chair's Summing Up Independent Evaluation Office - IMF advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting 20/93 September 18, 2020

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513558073

Executive Directors welcomed the report of the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) on IMF Advice on Capital Flows. Directors appreciated the high quality of the report, and its thematic and background country studi...

Statement by the Managing Director on the Independent Evaluation Office Report on IMF Advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting September 18, 2020

New
Statement by the Managing Director on the Independent Evaluation Office Report on IMF Advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting September 18, 2020 »

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513558080.007

ISBN: 9781513558080

As noted in the report, the adoption of the IV represented a major advance in the IMF's policy framework to provide advice on capital account liberalization and the management of capital flows. Before the adoption...

The Chair's Summing Up Independent Evaluation Office -  IMF advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting 20/93 September 18, 2020

New
The Chair's Summing Up Independent Evaluation Office - IMF advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting 20/93 September 18, 2020 »

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513558073.007

ISBN: 9781513558073

Executive Directors welcomed the report of the Independent Evaluation Office (IEO) on IMF Advice on Capital Flows. Directors appreciated the high quality of the report, and its thematic and background country studi...

Statement by the Managing Director on the Independent Evaluation Office Report on IMF Advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting September 18, 2020

New
Statement by the Managing Director on the Independent Evaluation Office Report on IMF Advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting September 18, 2020 »

Source: Statement by the Managing Director on the Independent Evaluation Office Report on IMF Advice on Capital Flows Executive Board Meeting September 18, 2020

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513558080

As noted in the report, the adoption of the IV represented a major advance in the IMF's policy framework to provide advice on capital account liberalization and the management of capital flows. Before the adoption...

Infrastructure in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe
			: Benchmarking, Macroeconomic Impact, and Policy Issues

New
Infrastructure in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe : Benchmarking, Macroeconomic Impact, and Policy Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2020/11

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Anil Ari , David Bartolini , Vizhdan Boranova , Gabriel Di Bella , Kamil Dybczak , Keiko Honjo , Raju Huidrom , Andreas Jobst , Nemanja Jovanovic , Ezgi Ozturk , Laura Papi , Sergio Sola , Michelle Stone , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513550558.087

ISBN: 9781513550558

Keywords: Infrastructure, Infrastructure policies, Central and Eastern Europe, Economic policy, Infrastructure;Public investment management;risk management;Deficit;Debt;Cross-Country Output Convergence;Benchmarking

CESEE countries lag in terms of infrastructure compared to the EU15, and deficient infrastructure is often cited as a constraint to growth and convergence. Investing in infrastructure is therefore an important long...

Infrastructure in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe: Benchmarking, Macroeconomic Impact, and Policy Issues

New
Infrastructure in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe: Benchmarking, Macroeconomic Impact, and Policy Issues »

Source: Infrastructure in Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe : Benchmarking, Macroeconomic Impact, and Policy Issues

Volume/Issue: 2020/11

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Anil Ari , David Bartolini , Vizhdan Boranova , Gabriel Di Bella , Kamil Dybczak , Keiko Honjo , Raju Huidrom , Andreas Jobst , Nemanja Jovanovic , Ezgi Ozturk , Laura Papi , Sergio Sola , Michelle Stone , and Petia Topalova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513550558

Keywords: Infrastructure, Infrastructure policies, Central and Eastern Europe, Economic policy, Infrastructure;Public investment management;risk management;Deficit;Debt;Cross-Country Output Convergence;Benchmarking

CESEE countries lag in terms of infrastructure compared to the EU15, and deficient infrastructure is often cited as a constraint to growth and convergence. Investing in infrastructure is therefore an important long...

Updated Common Evaluation Framework For IMF Capacity Development And Guidance Note

New
Updated Common Evaluation Framework For IMF Capacity Development And Guidance Note »

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557533.007

ISBN: 9781513557533

This document updates the Common Evaluation Framework (CEF) for the Fund's capacity development (CD) activities and provides practical guidance on its implementation. Since its adoption, the Fund has made progress...

Togo
			: Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Statistics

New
Togo : Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Statistics »

Volume/Issue: 192020/282

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557410.002

ISBN: 9781513557410

A technical assistance (TA) mission led by Mr. Fahd Ndiaye, Resident Adviser in Real Sector Statistics for AFRITAC West, visited Lomé from January 27 to 31, 2020, to assess the national accounts for the new base ye...

Togo: Technical Assistance Report-national Accounts Statistics

New
Togo: Technical Assistance Report-national Accounts Statistics »

Source: Togo : Technical Assistance Report-National Accounts Statistics

Volume/Issue: 192020/282

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Statistics Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557410

A technical assistance (TA) mission led by Mr. Fahd Ndiaye, Resident Adviser in Real Sector Statistics for AFRITAC West, visited Lomé from January 27 to 31, 2020, to assess the national accounts for the new base ye...

Updated Common Evaluation Framework for IMF Capacity Development and Guidance Note

New
Updated Common Evaluation Framework for IMF Capacity Development and Guidance Note »

Source: Updated Common Evaluation Framework For IMF Capacity Development And Guidance Note

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557533

This document updates the Common Evaluation Framework (CEF) for the Fund's capacity development (CD) activities and provides practical guidance on its implementation. Since its adoption, the Fund has made progress...

Angola: Third Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation and Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review— Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Angola

New
Angola: Third Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation and Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review— Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Angola »

Source: Angola : Third Review under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation and Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Angola

Volume/Issue: 192020/281

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557076

The economic outlook has substantially deteriorated since the Second Review, driven by the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on global economic activity and oil prices. The adverse impact of the shock on th...

Angola: Third Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation And Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review— Supplementary Information, and Supplementary Letter of Intent

New
Angola: Third Review Under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation And Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review— Supplementary Information, and Supplementary Letter of Intent »

Source: Angola : Third Review under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation and Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Angola

Volume/Issue: 192020/281

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557076

The economic outlook has substantially deteriorated since the Second Review, driven by the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on global economic activity and oil prices. The adverse impact of the shock on th...

IMF Executive Board Completes the Third Review of Angola’s Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Augments Disbursement to Address the Impact of COVID-19

New
IMF Executive Board Completes the Third Review of Angola’s Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility and Augments Disbursement to Address the Impact of COVID-19 »

Source: Angola : Third Review under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation and Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Angola

Volume/Issue: 192020/281

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557076

The economic outlook has substantially deteriorated since the Second Review, driven by the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on global economic activity and oil prices. The adverse impact of the shock on th...

Angola
			: Third Review under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation and Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Angola

New
Angola : Third Review under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation and Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Angola »

Volume/Issue: 192020/281

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557076.002

ISBN: 9781513557076

The economic outlook has substantially deteriorated since the Second Review, driven by the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on global economic activity and oil prices. The adverse impact of the shock on th...

Statement by Mr. Mahlinza, Executive Director for Angola, and Mr. Essuvi, Advisor to the Executive Director July 30, 2020

New
Statement by Mr. Mahlinza, Executive Director for Angola, and Mr. Essuvi, Advisor to the Executive Director July 30, 2020 »

Source: Angola : Third Review under the Extended Arrangement Under the Extended Fund Facility, Requests for Augmentation and Rephasing of Access, Waivers of Nonobservance of Performance Criterion and Applicability of Performance Criterion, Modifications of Performance Criteria, and Completion of Financing Assurances Review-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Angola

Volume/Issue: 192020/281

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557076

The economic outlook has substantially deteriorated since the Second Review, driven by the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on global economic activity and oil prices. The adverse impact of the shock on th...

Financial Amplification of Labor Supply Shocks*

New
Financial Amplification of Labor Supply Shocks* »

Source: Financial Amplification of Labor Supply Shocks

Volume/Issue: 2020/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Biljanovska , and Alexandros Vardoulakis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557311

Keywords: Collateral constraints, COVID-19, pandemic, ?nancial ampli?cation

We study how financial frictions amplify labor supply shocks in a macroeconomic model with occasionally binding financing constraints. Workers supply labor to entrepreneurs who borrow to purchase factors of product...

IMF Executive Board Approves Policy Safeguards for High Levels of Combined Access to Resources from the General Resources Account and the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust

New
IMF Executive Board Approves Policy Safeguards for High Levels of Combined Access to Resources from the General Resources Account and the Poverty Reduction and Growth Trust »

Source: Policy Safeguards For Countries Seeking Access To Fund Financial Support That Would Lead To High Levels Of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557274

This paper proposes safeguards broadly aligned with the GRA exceptional access policy that will apply in cases where combined GRA and PRGT credit exposure exceeds the GRA thresholds. The new safeguards would help t...

Policy Safeguards For Countries Seeking Access To Fund Financial Support That Would Lead To High Levels Of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure

New
Policy Safeguards For Countries Seeking Access To Fund Financial Support That Would Lead To High Levels Of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure »

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557274.007

ISBN: 9781513557274

This paper proposes safeguards broadly aligned with the GRA exceptional access policy that will apply in cases where combined GRA and PRGT credit exposure exceeds the GRA thresholds. The new safeguards would help t...

Republic of Korea
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Financial Conglomerates Supervisions

New
Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Financial Conglomerates Supervisions »

Volume/Issue: 192020/275

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556970.002

ISBN: 9781513556970

Oversight of the Korean financial system is broadly effective. Korea's Financial Services Commission (FSC) and Financial Supervisory Service (FSS) have in place regulatory and supervisory regimes in line with inter...

Republic of Korea
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Insolvency and Creditor Rights

New
Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Insolvency and Creditor Rights »

Volume/Issue: 192020/276

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556987.002

ISBN: 9781513556987

The Korean insolvency and creditor rights framework is complex and has undergone several reforms in recent years. Consistent efforts to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the insolvency system have been ma...

Republic of Korea
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Macroprudential Policy Frameworks and Tools

New
Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Macroprudential Policy Frameworks and Tools »

Volume/Issue: 192020/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557014.002

ISBN: 9781513557014

Past experience with financial crises places systemic risk oversight at the core of Korea's approach to the financial system. The Korean authorities have amassed over a decade of experience with macroprudential pol...

Republic of Korea
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Non-Financial Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities and Risks to Financial Stability

New
Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Non-Financial Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities and Risks to Financial Stability »

Volume/Issue: 192020/278

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557045.002

ISBN: 9781513557045

Non-Financial Corporate Sector. Non-financial corporate leverage as share of GDP in Korea remains higher than peer countries but has remained stable since 2013 at around 100 percent of GDP. The stock of non-corpora...

Republic of Korea
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Non-Systemic Risk Analysis, Financial Sector Stress Testing, and an Assessment of Demographic Shift in Korea

New
Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Non-Systemic Risk Analysis, Financial Sector Stress Testing, and an Assessment of Demographic Shift in Korea »

Volume/Issue: 192020/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557052.002

ISBN: 9781513557052

This note presents the systemic risk analysis conducted for the Republic of Korea in the course of the 2019 Korea FSAP. It comprises a forward-looking solvency analysis for banks, insurers, and pension funds, a liq...

Republic of Korea
			: Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Technological Change, Legal Frameworks, and Implications for Financial Stability

New
Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Technological Change, Legal Frameworks, and Implications for Financial Stability »

Volume/Issue: 192020/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557069.002

ISBN: 9781513557069

Technological innovation in Korea holds great potential for the deepening of its financial system, that could lead to an increase of product offerings and lowering of transaction costs. Korea's financial sector leg...

Financial Amplification of Labor Supply Shocks

New
Financial Amplification of Labor Supply Shocks »

Volume/Issue: 2020/189

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nina Biljanovska , and Alexandros Vardoulakis

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557311.001

ISBN: 9781513557311

Keywords: Collateral constraints, COVID-19, pandemic, ?nancial ampli?cation

We study how financial frictions amplify labor supply shocks in a macroeconomic model with occasionally binding financing constraints. Workers supply labor to entrepreneurs who borrow to purchase factors of product...

Intangible Investment and Low Inflation: A Framework and Some Evidence

New
Intangible Investment and Low Inflation: A Framework and Some Evidence »

Volume/Issue: 2020/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Subir Lall , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513557335.001

ISBN: 9781513557335

Keywords: Technological change, inflation, unemployment, market concentration.

Intangible investment is growing as a share of economic activity. We present a simple framework incorporating its distinguishing characteristic of generally greater scalability and lower marginal costs than tangibl...

What are the Economic Effects of Pandemic Containment Policies? Evidence from Sweden

New
What are the Economic Effects of Pandemic Containment Policies? Evidence from Sweden »

Volume/Issue: 2020/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jana Bricco , Florian Misch , and Alexandra Solovyeva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556109.001

ISBN: 9781513556109

Keywords: Containment, Sweden, Covid-19

This paper examines the economic effects of policies to contain Covid-19, by extracting lessons from Sweden's experience during the ‘Great Lockdown'. Sweden's approach was less stringent and based more on social re...

Intangible Investment and Low Inflation: A Framework and Some Evidence1

New
Intangible Investment and Low Inflation: A Framework and Some Evidence1 »

Source: Intangible Investment and Low Inflation: A Framework and Some Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2020/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Subir Lall , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557335

Keywords: Technological change, inflation, unemployment, market concentration.

Intangible investment is growing as a share of economic activity. We present a simple framework incorporating its distinguishing characteristic of generally greater scalability and lower marginal costs than tangibl...

Policy Safeguards for Countries Seeking Access to Fund Financial Support that Would Lead to High Levels of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure

New
Policy Safeguards for Countries Seeking Access to Fund Financial Support that Would Lead to High Levels of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure »

Source: Policy Safeguards For Countries Seeking Access To Fund Financial Support That Would Lead To High Levels Of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557274

This paper proposes safeguards broadly aligned with the GRA exceptional access policy that will apply in cases where combined GRA and PRGT credit exposure exceeds the GRA thresholds. The new safeguards would help t...

Policy Safeguards for Countries Seeking Access to Fund Financial Support that Would Lead to High Levels of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure—Proposed Decision

New
Policy Safeguards for Countries Seeking Access to Fund Financial Support that Would Lead to High Levels of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure—Proposed Decision »

Source: Policy Safeguards For Countries Seeking Access To Fund Financial Support That Would Lead To High Levels Of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557274

This paper proposes safeguards broadly aligned with the GRA exceptional access policy that will apply in cases where combined GRA and PRGT credit exposure exceeds the GRA thresholds. The new safeguards would help t...

Policy Safeguards for Countries Seeking Access to Fund Financial Support that Would Lead to High Levels of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure—Supplementary Information and Revised Proposed Decision

New
Policy Safeguards for Countries Seeking Access to Fund Financial Support that Would Lead to High Levels of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure—Supplementary Information and Revised Proposed Decision »

Source: Policy Safeguards For Countries Seeking Access To Fund Financial Support That Would Lead To High Levels Of Combined GRA-PRGT Exposure

Volume: 20

Series: Policy Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Strategy, Policy, & Review Department;International Monetary Fund. Finance Dept.;International Monetary Fund. Legal Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557274

This paper proposes safeguards broadly aligned with the GRA exceptional access policy that will apply in cases where combined GRA and PRGT credit exposure exceeds the GRA thresholds. The new safeguards would help t...

Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Financial Conglomerates Supervisions

New
Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Financial Conglomerates Supervisions »

Source: Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Financial Conglomerates Supervisions

Volume/Issue: 192020/275

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556970

Oversight of the Korean financial system is broadly effective. Korea's Financial Services Commission (FSC) and Financial Supervisory Service (FSS) have in place regulatory and supervisory regimes in line with inter...

Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Insolvency and Creditor Rights

New
Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Insolvency and Creditor Rights »

Source: Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Insolvency and Creditor Rights

Volume/Issue: 192020/276

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556987

The Korean insolvency and creditor rights framework is complex and has undergone several reforms in recent years. Consistent efforts to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of the insolvency system have been ma...

Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Macroprudential Policy Framework and Tools

New
Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Macroprudential Policy Framework and Tools »

Source: Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Macroprudential Policy Frameworks and Tools

Volume/Issue: 192020/277

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557014

Past experience with financial crises places systemic risk oversight at the core of Korea's approach to the financial system. The Korean authorities have amassed over a decade of experience with macroprudential pol...

Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Non-financial Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities and Risks to Financial Stability

New
Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Non-financial Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities and Risks to Financial Stability »

Source: Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Non-Financial Balance Sheet Vulnerabilities and Risks to Financial Stability

Volume/Issue: 192020/278

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557045

Non-Financial Corporate Sector. Non-financial corporate leverage as share of GDP in Korea remains higher than peer countries but has remained stable since 2013 at around 100 percent of GDP. The stock of non-corpora...

Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program – Technical Note—Systemic Risk Analysis, Financial Sector Stress Testing, and an Assessment of Demographic Shift in Korea

New
Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program – Technical Note—Systemic Risk Analysis, Financial Sector Stress Testing, and an Assessment of Demographic Shift in Korea »

Source: Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Non-Systemic Risk Analysis, Financial Sector Stress Testing, and an Assessment of Demographic Shift in Korea

Volume/Issue: 192020/279

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557052

This note presents the systemic risk analysis conducted for the Republic of Korea in the course of the 2019 Korea FSAP. It comprises a forward-looking solvency analysis for banks, insurers, and pension funds, a liq...

Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Technological Change, Legal Frameworks, and Implications for Financial Stability

New
Republic of Korea: Financial Sector Assessment Program Technical Note—Technological Change, Legal Frameworks, and Implications for Financial Stability »

Source: Republic of Korea : Financial Sector Assessment Program-Technical Note-Technological Change, Legal Frameworks, and Implications for Financial Stability

Volume/Issue: 192020/280

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Monetary and Capital Markets Department

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513557069

Technological innovation in Korea holds great potential for the deepening of its financial system, that could lead to an increase of product offerings and lowering of transaction costs. Korea's financial sector leg...

What are the Economic Effects of Pandemic Containment Policies? Evidence from Sweden

New
What are the Economic Effects of Pandemic Containment Policies? Evidence from Sweden »

Source: What are the Economic Effects of Pandemic Containment Policies? Evidence from Sweden

Volume/Issue: 2020/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jana Bricco , Florian Misch , and Alexandra Solovyeva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556109

Keywords: Containment, Sweden, Covid-19

This paper examines the economic effects of policies to contain Covid-19, by extracting lessons from Sweden's experience during the ‘Great Lockdown'. Sweden's approach was less stringent and based more on social re...

EU Climate Mitigation Policy

New
EU Climate Mitigation Policy »

Source: EU Climate Mitigation Policy

Volume/Issue: 2020/13

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , Maksym Chepeliev , Daniel Garcia-Macia , Dora Iakova , James Roaf , Anna Shabunina , Dominique van der Mensbrugghe , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513552569

Keywords: Climate change, European Union (EU), Environmental policy, Carbon tax, Burden sharing, Emissions trading, Climate policy, Global warming;Climate change;European Union (EU);Greenhouse emissions;Carbon pricing;Fiscal policy;Green technology;Carbon emissions

This paper aims to contribute to the debate on the choice of policies to reach the more ambitious 2030 emission reduction goals currently under consideration. It provides an analysis of the macroeconomic and distri...

EU Climate Mitigation Policy

New
EU Climate Mitigation Policy »

Volume/Issue: 2020/13

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Jiaqian Chen , Maksym Chepeliev , Daniel Garcia-Macia , Dora Iakova , James Roaf , Anna Shabunina , Dominique van der Mensbrugghe , and Philippe Wingender

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552569.087

ISBN: 9781513552569

Keywords: Climate change, European Union (EU), Environmental policy, Carbon tax, Burden sharing, Emissions trading, Climate policy, Global warming;Climate change;European Union (EU);Greenhouse emissions;Carbon pricing;Fiscal policy;Green technology;Carbon emissions

This paper aims to contribute to the debate on the choice of policies to reach the more ambitious 2030 emission reduction goals currently under consideration. It provides an analysis of the macroeconomic and distri...

Sectoral Policies for Climate Change Mitigation in the EU

New
Sectoral Policies for Climate Change Mitigation in the EU »

Volume/Issue: 2020/14

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Arregui , Ruo Chen , Christian Ebeke , Jan-Martin Frie , Daniel Garcia-Macia , Dora Iakova , Andreas Jobst , Louise Rabier , James Roaf , Anna Shabunina , and Sebastian Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513552651.087

ISBN: 9781513552651

Keywords: Climate change, Climate policy, European Union (EU), Environmental policy, Environmental sustainability, Renewable energy, Greenhouse gas emissions, Climate change;Fiscal policies;Greenhouse gas emissions;European Union;Sectoral policies;Carbon pricing;Energy Efficiency

This paper discusses sectoral policies needed to achieve the ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets announced in the European Union's Green Deal, complementing the companion paper 'EU Climate Mi...

IMF Executive Board Completes Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Approves Augmentation and US$52 Million Disbursement

New
IMF Executive Board Completes Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, Approves Augmentation and US$52 Million Disbursement »

Source: Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Augmentation of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Volume/Issue: 192020/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556932

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impose severe social and economic hardships in Mauritania, with a sharp contraction of output expected in 2020. The authorities have responded swiftly to the shock with measures t...

Islamic Republic of Mauritania
			: Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Augmentation of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

New
Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Augmentation of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania »

Volume/Issue: 192020/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556932.002

ISBN: 9781513556932

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impose severe social and economic hardships in Mauritania, with a sharp contraction of output expected in 2020. The authorities have responded swiftly to the shock with measures t...

Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Augmentation of Access—Debt Sustainability Analysis

New
Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Augmentation of Access—Debt Sustainability Analysis »

Source: Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Augmentation of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Volume/Issue: 192020/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556932

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impose severe social and economic hardships in Mauritania, with a sharp contraction of output expected in 2020. The authorities have responded swiftly to the shock with measures t...

Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Augmentation of Access—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

New
Islamic Republic of Mauritania: Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Augmentation of Access—Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania »

Source: Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Augmentation of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Volume/Issue: 192020/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556932

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impose severe social and economic hardships in Mauritania, with a sharp contraction of output expected in 2020. The authorities have responded swiftly to the shock with measures t...

Sectoral Policies for Climate Change Mitigation in the EU

New
Sectoral Policies for Climate Change Mitigation in the EU »

Source: Sectoral Policies for Climate Change Mitigation in the EU

Volume/Issue: 2020/14

Series: Departmental Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Arregui , Ruo Chen , Christian Ebeke , Jan-Martin Frie , Daniel Garcia-Macia , Dora Iakova , Andreas Jobst , Louise Rabier , James Roaf , Anna Shabunina , and Sebastian Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513552651

Keywords: Climate change, Climate policy, European Union (EU), Environmental policy, Environmental sustainability, Renewable energy, Greenhouse gas emissions, Climate change;Fiscal policies;Greenhouse gas emissions;European Union;Sectoral policies;Carbon pricing;Energy Efficiency

This paper discusses sectoral policies needed to achieve the ambitious greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets announced in the European Union's Green Deal, complementing the companion paper 'EU Climate Mi...

Statement by Mohamed-Lemine Raghani, Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, and Mohamed Sidi Bouna, Senior Advisor to Executive Director September 2, 2020

New
Statement by Mohamed-Lemine Raghani, Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania, and Mohamed Sidi Bouna, Senior Advisor to Executive Director September 2, 2020 »

Source: Islamic Republic of Mauritania : Fifth Review Under the Extended Credit Facility Arrangement, and Request for Augmentation of Access-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Volume/Issue: 192020/274

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Middle East and Central Asia Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556932

The COVID-19 pandemic continues to impose severe social and economic hardships in Mauritania, with a sharp contraction of output expected in 2020. The authorities have responded swiftly to the shock with measures t...

How to Operationalize IMF Engagement on Social Spending during and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 Crisis

New
How to Operationalize IMF Engagement on Social Spending during and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 Crisis »

Volume: 20

Series: IMF How To Notes

Author(s): Irene Yackovlev , Zuzana Murgasova , Fei Liu , Gohar Minasyan , and Ke Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556048.061

ISBN: 9781513556048

How to Operationalize IMF Engagement on Social Spending during and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 Crisis...

Strategy, Policy, and Review Department: How to Operationalize IMF Engagement on Social Spending during and in the Aftermath of the COVID-19 Crisis

New
Strategy, Policy, and Review Department: How to Operationalize IMF Engagement on Social Spending during and in the Aftermath of the COVID-19 Crisis »

Source: How to Operationalize IMF Engagement on Social Spending during and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 Crisis

Volume: 20

Series: IMF How To Notes

Author(s): Irene Yackovlev , Zuzana Murgasova , Fei Liu , Gohar Minasyan , and Ke Wang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556048

How to Operationalize IMF Engagement on Social Spending during and in the aftermath of the COVID-19 Crisis...

Exchange Rates and Domestic Credit—Can Macroprudential Policy Reduce the Link?

New
Exchange Rates and Domestic Credit—Can Macroprudential Policy Reduce the Link? »

Source: Exchange Rates and Domestic Credit-Can Macroprudential Policy Reduce the Link?

Volume/Issue: 2020/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erlend Nier , Thordur Olafsson , and Yuan Gao Rollinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556550

Keywords: Macroprudential Policies, Capital Flows, Systemic Risk

This paper examines empirically the role of macroprudential policy in addressing the effects of external shocks on financial stability. In a sample of 62 economies over the period of 2000: Q1-2016: Q4, our dynamic...

Exchange Rates and Domestic Credit-Can Macroprudential Policy Reduce the Link?

New
Exchange Rates and Domestic Credit-Can Macroprudential Policy Reduce the Link? »

Volume/Issue: 2020/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Erlend Nier , Thordur Olafsson , and Yuan Gao Rollinson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556550.001

ISBN: 9781513556550

Keywords: Macroprudential Policies, Capital Flows, Systemic Risk

This paper examines empirically the role of macroprudential policy in addressing the effects of external shocks on financial stability. In a sample of 62 economies over the period of 2000: Q1-2016: Q4, our dynamic...

Impact of Remittances on Natural Rate of Dollarization-Trends in Caucasus and Central Asia

New
Impact of Remittances on Natural Rate of Dollarization-Trends in Caucasus and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2020/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rocio Gondo , Altynai Aidarova , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556536.001

ISBN: 9781513556536

Keywords: natural rate of dollarization, Russia, COVID, remittances, Central Asia, Caucasus

This paper discusses migration and remittances trends, and calculates the natural (or benchmark) level of dollarization in Caucasus, Central Asia and others in the region. This natural level of dollarization is con...

Information and Inequality in the Time of a Pandemic

New
Information and Inequality in the Time of a Pandemic »

Volume/Issue: 2020/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Dizioli , and Roberto Pinheiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556307.001

ISBN: 9781513556307

Keywords: COVID-19, testing, asymptomaticity, time allocation, inequality.

We introduce two types of agent heterogeneity in a calibrated epidemiological search model. First, some agents cannot afford staying home to minimize their virus exposure, while others can. Our results show that th...

What Drives Bank Lending Spreads and Collateral Requirements in the Kyrgyz Republic

New
What Drives Bank Lending Spreads and Collateral Requirements in the Kyrgyz Republic »

Volume/Issue: 2020/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iulia Ruxandra Teodoru

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556543.001

ISBN: 9781513556543

Keywords: Bank lending spreads, financial intermediation

Limited access to finance and its high cost have contributed to relatively low levels of private investment and subpar growth in the Kyrgyz Republic. Interest rate spreads have moderated in recent years, but remain...

Will the AI Revolution Cause a Great Divergence?

New
Will the AI Revolution Cause a Great Divergence? »

Volume/Issue: 2020/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cristian Alonso , Andrew Berg , Siddharth Kothari , Chris Papageorgiou , and Sidra Rehman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556505.001

ISBN: 9781513556505

Keywords: Automation, robots, divergence, development, technological change

This paper considers the implications for developing countries of a new wave of technological change that substitutes pervasively for labor. It makes simple and plausible assumptions: the AI revolution can be model...

Impact of Remittances on Natural Rate of Dollarization—Trends in Caucasus and Central Asia

New
Impact of Remittances on Natural Rate of Dollarization—Trends in Caucasus and Central Asia »

Source: Impact of Remittances on Natural Rate of Dollarization-Trends in Caucasus and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2020/185

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rocio Gondo , Altynai Aidarova , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556536

Keywords: natural rate of dollarization, Russia, COVID, remittances, Central Asia, Caucasus

This paper discusses migration and remittances trends, and calculates the natural (or benchmark) level of dollarization in Caucasus, Central Asia and others in the region. This natural level of dollarization is con...

Information and Inequality in the Time of a Pandemic*

New
Information and Inequality in the Time of a Pandemic* »

Source: Information and Inequality in the Time of a Pandemic

Volume/Issue: 2020/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Allan Dizioli , and Roberto Pinheiro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556307

Keywords: COVID-19, testing, asymptomaticity, time allocation, inequality.

We introduce two types of agent heterogeneity in a calibrated epidemiological search model. First, some agents cannot afford staying home to minimize their virus exposure, while others can. Our results show that th...

What Drives Bank Lending Spreads and Collateral Requirements in the Kyrgyz Republic

New
What Drives Bank Lending Spreads and Collateral Requirements in the Kyrgyz Republic »

Source: What Drives Bank Lending Spreads and Collateral Requirements in the Kyrgyz Republic

Volume/Issue: 2020/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Iulia Ruxandra Teodoru

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556543

Keywords: Bank lending spreads, financial intermediation

Limited access to finance and its high cost have contributed to relatively low levels of private investment and subpar growth in the Kyrgyz Republic. Interest rate spreads have moderated in recent years, but remain...

Will the AI Revolution Cause a Great Divergence?

New
Will the AI Revolution Cause a Great Divergence? »

Source: Will the AI Revolution Cause a Great Divergence?

Volume/Issue: 2020/184

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Cristian Alonso , Andrew Berg , Siddharth Kothari , Chris Papageorgiou , and Sidra Rehman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556505

Keywords: Automation, robots, divergence, development, technological change

This paper considers the implications for developing countries of a new wave of technological change that substitutes pervasively for labor. It makes simple and plausible assumptions: the AI revolution can be model...

Global Firms, National Corporate Taxes: An Evolution of Incompatibility

New
Global Firms, National Corporate Taxes: An Evolution of Incompatibility »

Source: Global Firms, National Corporate Taxes: An Evolution of Incompatibility

Volume/Issue: 2020/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shafik Hebous

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556376

Keywords: Multinational enterprises, global firm, tax avoidance, international tax

How did the rise of multinational enterprises (MNEs) put pressure on the prevailing international corporate tax framework? MNEs, and firms with market power, are not new phenomena, nor is the corporate income tax,...

Global Firms, National Corporate Taxes: An Evolution of Incompatibility

New
Global Firms, National Corporate Taxes: An Evolution of Incompatibility »

Volume/Issue: 2020/178

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Shafik Hebous

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556376.001

ISBN: 9781513556376

Keywords: Multinational enterprises, global firm, tax avoidance, international tax

How did the rise of multinational enterprises (MNEs) put pressure on the prevailing international corporate tax framework? MNEs, and firms with market power, are not new phenomena, nor is the corporate income tax,...

Monetary Policy Under an Exchange Rate Anchor

New
Monetary Policy Under an Exchange Rate Anchor »

Volume/Issue: 2020/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mariam El Hamiani Khatat , Mark Buessings-Loercks , and Vincent Fleuriet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556383.001

ISBN: 9781513556383

Keywords: monetary policy framework, exchange rate regime, interest rate parity, monetary policy rules, monetary operations, foreign exchange interventions

This paper argues that there is scope for monetary policy under an exchange rate anchor, and discusses the related monetary policy design and implementation. It shows that the exchange rate can be used as the main...

Offshore Currency Markets: Non-Deliverable Forwards (NDFs) in Asia

New
Offshore Currency Markets: Non-Deliverable Forwards (NDFs) in Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2020/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Chua Han Teng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556321.001

ISBN: 9781513556321

Keywords: Currency Markets; Offshore Markets; Non-Deliverable Forwards; NDF; DNDF

Non-deliverable forward (NDF) markets in many Asian emerging market currencies are large, rapidly growing, and often exceed onshore markets in transaction volume. NDFs tend to price significant depreciation during...

Reducing Risk While Sharing It: A Fiscal Recipe for The EU at the Time of COVID-19

New
Reducing Risk While Sharing It: A Fiscal Recipe for The EU at the Time of COVID-19 »

Volume/Issue: 2020/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicoletta Batini , Francesco Lamperti , and Andrea Roventini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513551920.001

ISBN: 9781513551920

Keywords: COVID-19; European fiscal union; fiscal integration; risk sharing; fiscal delegation.

The COVID-19 lockdowns have brought about the need of large fiscal responses in all European countries. However, countries across Europe are differently equipped to respond to the shock due to differences in econom...

Review of the Public Financial Management Reform Strategy for Pacific Island Countries, 2010-2020

New
Review of the Public Financial Management Reform Strategy for Pacific Island Countries, 2010-2020 »

Volume/Issue: 2020/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen , Majdeline El Rayess , Laura Doherty , and Priya Goel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556130.001

ISBN: 9781513556130

Keywords: Pacific Islands Countries, public finance management (PFM) reform, PFTAC, PEFA

This paper reviews the Public Financial Management (PFM) reform stategy for 16 Pacific Island Countries (PICs) during the period 2010-2020. The strategy was endorsed by the finance and economic ministers of the reg...

Structural Changes in Japanese Firms: Business Dynamism in an Aging Society

New
Structural Changes in Japanese Firms: Business Dynamism in an Aging Society »

Volume/Issue: 2020/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gee Hee Hong , Arata Ito , Yukiko Umeno Saito , and Anh Thi Ngoc Nguyen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513556338.001

ISBN: 9781513556338

Keywords: firm growth, business succession, population aging, firm exits, inter-firm-network, zombie firms

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a serious threat to the survival of Japanese firms, highlighting the importance of understanding how and why firms exit. In this paper, we use a rich firm-level dataset of Japanese f...

Monetary Policy Under an Exchange Rate Anchor

New
Monetary Policy Under an Exchange Rate Anchor »

Source: Monetary Policy Under an Exchange Rate Anchor

Volume/Issue: 2020/180

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mariam El Hamiani Khatat , Mark Buessings-Loercks , and Vincent Fleuriet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556383

Keywords: monetary policy framework, exchange rate regime, interest rate parity, monetary policy rules, monetary operations, foreign exchange interventions

This paper argues that there is scope for monetary policy under an exchange rate anchor, and discusses the related monetary policy design and implementation. It shows that the exchange rate can be used as the main...

Offshore Currency Markets: Non-Deliverable Forwards (NDFs) in Asia

New
Offshore Currency Markets: Non-Deliverable Forwards (NDFs) in Asia »

Source: Offshore Currency Markets: Non-Deliverable Forwards (NDFs) in Asia

Volume/Issue: 2020/179

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jochen M. Schmittmann , and Chua Han Teng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556321

Keywords: Currency Markets; Offshore Markets; Non-Deliverable Forwards; NDF; DNDF

Non-deliverable forward (NDF) markets in many Asian emerging market currencies are large, rapidly growing, and often exceed onshore markets in transaction volume. NDFs tend to price significant depreciation during...

Reducing Risk While Sharing It: A Fiscal Recipe for the EU at the Time of COVID-19

New
Reducing Risk While Sharing It: A Fiscal Recipe for the EU at the Time of COVID-19 »

Source: Reducing Risk While Sharing It: A Fiscal Recipe for The EU at the Time of COVID-19

Volume/Issue: 2020/181

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Nicoletta Batini , Francesco Lamperti , and Andrea Roventini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513551920

Keywords: COVID-19; European fiscal union; fiscal integration; risk sharing; fiscal delegation.

The COVID-19 lockdowns have brought about the need of large fiscal responses in all European countries. However, countries across Europe are differently equipped to respond to the shock due to differences in econom...

Review of the Public Financial Management Reform Strategy for Pacific Island Countries (2010-2020)

New
Review of the Public Financial Management Reform Strategy for Pacific Island Countries (2010-2020) »

Source: Review of the Public Financial Management Reform Strategy for Pacific Island Countries, 2010-2020

Volume/Issue: 2020/183

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Richard Allen , Majdeline El Rayess , Laura Doherty , and Priya Goel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556130

Keywords: Pacific Islands Countries, public finance management (PFM) reform, PFTAC, PEFA

This paper reviews the Public Financial Management (PFM) reform stategy for 16 Pacific Island Countries (PICs) during the period 2010-2020. The strategy was endorsed by the finance and economic ministers of the reg...

Structural Changes in Japanese Firms: Business Dynamism in an Aging Society 1

New
Structural Changes in Japanese Firms: Business Dynamism in an Aging Society 1 »

Source: Structural Changes in Japanese Firms: Business Dynamism in an Aging Society

Volume/Issue: 2020/182

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gee Hee Hong , Arata Ito , Yukiko Umeno Saito , and Anh Thi Ngoc Nguyen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513556338

Keywords: firm growth, business succession, population aging, firm exits, inter-firm-network, zombie firms

The COVID-19 pandemic has posed a serious threat to the survival of Japanese firms, highlighting the importance of understanding how and why firms exit. In this paper, we use a rich firm-level dataset of Japanese f...

Abbreviations

New
Abbreviations »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

2SLS Two-stage least squares 3SLS...

Burundi: Demande D’Allégement de la Dette au Titre du Fonds Fiduciaire D’Assistance et de Riposte Aux Catastrophes — Communique de Presse; Rapport des Services du FMI et Declaration de L’Administrateur Pour le Burundi

New
Burundi: Demande D’Allégement de la Dette au Titre du Fonds Fiduciaire D’Assistance et de Riposte Aux Catastrophes — Communique de Presse; Rapport des Services du FMI et Declaration de L’Administrateur Pour le Burundi »

Source: Burundi : Request for Debt Relief Under the Catastrophe Containment and Relief Trust-Press Release; Staff Report; and Statement by the Executive Director for Burundi

Volume/Issue: 192020/224

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. African Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

Language: French

ISBN: 9781513556444

Keywords: ISCR, CR, Proj, pandemic, remittance inflow, debt, ECF

Economic impact. COVID-19 is having an adverse economic impact on Burundi. The pandemic is affecting Burundi through an evolving domestic outbreak and economic spillovers from the global and regional environment, i...

Chapter 11 A New Heuristic Measure of Fragility and Tail Risks: Application to Stress Testing

New
Chapter 11 A New Heuristic Measure of Fragility and Tail Risks: Application to Stress Testing »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

This chapter presents a simple heuristic measure of tail risk, which is applied to individual bank stress tests and to public debt. Stress testing can be seen as a f...

Chapter 8 Bank Solvency and Funding Cost: New Data and New Results

New
Chapter 8 Bank Solvency and Funding Cost: New Data and New Results »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

This chapter presents new evidence on the empirical relationship between bank solvency and funding costs. Building on a newly constructed dataset drawing on supervis...

Chapter 13 Best Practices in Project Appraisal and Selection

New
Chapter 13 Best Practices in Project Appraisal and Selection »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Project appraisal and project selection are key functions in the planning and allocation stages of public investment. Effective appraisal supports decision making for op...

Chapter 8 Boosting Infrastructure in Emerging Asia

New
Chapter 8 Boosting Infrastructure in Emerging Asia »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Infrastructure is essential to support sustainable and equitable growth in emerging and developing Asia. More and better-quality infrastructure is needed for countries i...

Chapter 15 Building Resilience in Infrastructure to Climate Change

New
Chapter 15 Building Resilience in Infrastructure to Climate Change »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Governments face growing economic and fiscal liabilities because of the increased scope and scale of climate change and the disasters it induces. While the many spillove...

Chapter 9 Building Resilience to Natural Disaster in Vulnerable States: Savings from Ex Ante Interventions

New
Chapter 9 Building Resilience to Natural Disaster in Vulnerable States: Savings from Ex Ante Interventions »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction The frequency of natural disasters is expected to rise with climate change, along with the damage they do. This leaves many countries, e...

Chapter 14 Credibility and Crisis Stress Testing

New
Chapter 14 Credibility and Crisis Stress Testing »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

Credibility is the bedrock of any crisis stress test. The use of stress tests to manage systemic risk was introduced by the US authorities in 2009 in the form of the...

Chapter 7 Designing Fiscal Rules to Protect Investment

New
Chapter 7 Designing Fiscal Rules to Protect Investment »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Public investment supported by strong infrastructure governance can have a significant economic growth impact, as documented in Chapter 2 and in the literature such as L...

Chapter 11 Fiscal Risks in Infrastructure

New
Chapter 11 Fiscal Risks in Infrastructure »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Public infrastructure projects are typically large and complex, with long planning, implementation, and operational periods, and as such...

Chapter 5 G20 Data Gaps Initiative II: Meeting the Policy Challenge

New
Chapter 5 G20 Data Gaps Initiative II: Meeting the Policy Challenge »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

The G20 Data Gaps Initiative (DGI), which aimed at addressing the information needs that were revealed by the 2007–08 global financial crisis, concluded its first ph...

Chapter 3 Getting the Most from Public Investment

New
Chapter 3 Getting the Most from Public Investment »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Examples of inefficient spending in infrastructure abound in all countries. In the United States, 11 miles of a subway tunnel lie abando...

Chapter 2 Growth Impact of Public Investment and the Role of Infrastructure Governance

New
Chapter 2 Growth Impact of Public Investment and the Role of Infrastructure Governance »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction According to macroeconomic theory, public investment stimulates economic activity through short-term effects on aggregate demand, and it raises the productivity of exist...

Chapter 12 How to Capture Macro-Financial Spillover Effects in Stress Tests

New
Chapter 12 How to Capture Macro-Financial Spillover Effects in Stress Tests »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

One of the challenges of financial stability analysis and bank stress testing is how to establish scenarios with meaningful macro-financial linkages, that is, taking...

Chapter 4 Infrastructure Investment and the Sustainable Development Goals

New
Chapter 4 Infrastructure Investment and the Sustainable Development Goals »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) delineate a comprehensive international agenda for sustainable development by 2030 that has bee...

Chapter 12 Integrating Infrastructure Planning and Budgeting

New
Chapter 12 Integrating Infrastructure Planning and Budgeting »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Efficient and well-integrated planning and budgeting functions are key for building quality infrastructure. Planning establishes a framework of national, sectoral, and s...

Chapter 2 Macro-Financial Stress Testing: Principles and Practices

New
Chapter 2 Macro-Financial Stress Testing: Principles and Practices »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

The global financial crisis drew unprecedented attention to the role of stress testing of financial institutions in macroprudential and microprudential surveillance,...

Chapter 15 Macroprudential Bank Solvency Stress Testing in FSAPs for Systemically Important Financial Systems

New
Chapter 15 Macroprudential Bank Solvency Stress Testing in FSAPs for Systemically Important Financial Systems »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

The global financial crisis put bank stress tests squarely in the spotlight. Stress tests conducted in the lead-up to the crisis, including those by the IMF staff, w...

Chapter 16 Macroprudential Liquidity Stress Testing in FSAPs for Systemically Important Financial Systems

New
Chapter 16 Macroprudential Liquidity Stress Testing in FSAPs for Systemically Important Financial Systems »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

Bank liquidity stress testing, which has become de rigueur following the costly lessons of the global financial crisis, remains underdeveloped compared to solvency s...

Chapter 17 Macroprudential Solvency Stress Testing of the Insurance Sector

New
Chapter 17 Macroprudential Solvency Stress Testing of the Insurance Sector »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

Over the last decade, the IMF has placed more emphasis on the role of the insurance industry in its bilateral and multilateral financial sector surveillance. This ch...

Chapter 14 Maintaining and Managing Public Infrastructure Assets

New
Chapter 14 Maintaining and Managing Public Infrastructure Assets »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Chapter 3 focused on how improving infrastructure governance to produce better outcomes from existing assets is among the critical ways to close the glob...

Chapter 10 Protecting Public Infrastructure from Vulnerabilities to Corruption: A Risk-Based Approach

New
Chapter 10 Protecting Public Infrastructure from Vulnerabilities to Corruption: A Risk-Based Approach »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Public investment is prone to corruption particularly when public officials and other actors process information and make decisions at various stages of the infrastructu...

Chapter 6 Public Investment over the Fiscal Cycle

New
Chapter 6 Public Investment over the Fiscal Cycle »

Source: Well Spent : How Strong Infrastructure Governance Can End Waste in Public Investment

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781513511818

Keywords: Infrastructure governance, investment efficiency, public investment management, public financial management

Introduction Many countries responded to the global financial crisis by increasing public spending to soften the ensuing economic downturn (IMF 2010; Dhar 2014). Then years later, pu...

Chapter 13 Real and Financial Vulnerabilities from Cross-Border Banking Linkages

New
Chapter 13 Real and Financial Vulnerabilities from Cross-Border Banking Linkages »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

This chapter looks at the vulnerabilities stemming from banking sector linkages between countries and their macroeconomic effects. It finds that credit risks (from a...

Chapter 10 Revisiting Risk-Weighted Assets: Why Do RWAs Differ across Countries and What Can Be Done about It

New
Chapter 10 Revisiting Risk-Weighted Assets: Why Do RWAs Differ across Countries and What Can Be Done about It »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

This chapter provides an overview of the concerns about differences in the calculation of risk-weighted assets across banks and jurisdictions and how they might unde...

Chapter 6 Ring-Fencing and Consolidated Banks’ Stress Tests

New
Chapter 6 Ring-Fencing and Consolidated Banks’ Stress Tests »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

The recent crisis has spurred the use of bank stress tests as a crisis management and early warning tool. However, a weakness is that current stress tests are based...

Chapter 7 Rules of Thumb for Bank Solvency Stress Testing

New
Chapter 7 Rules of Thumb for Bank Solvency Stress Testing »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

Rules of thumb can be useful in undertaking quick, robust, and readily interpretable bank stress tests. Such rules of thumb are proposed for the behavior of banks’ c...

Chapter 9 Sovereign Risk in Macroprudential Solvency Stress Testing

New
Chapter 9 Sovereign Risk in Macroprudential Solvency Stress Testing »

Source: Stress Testing : Principles, Concepts, and Frameworks

Series: Books

Author(s): Li Lian Ong , and Andreas A. Jobst

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 September 2020

ISBN: 9781484310717

Keywords: Best practice principles, credit risk, financial crisis, FSAP, information gaps, insurance, liquidity risk, sovereign risk, spillovers, stress testing

This chapter explains the treatment of sovereign risk in macroprudential solvency stress testing, based on the experiences in the Financial Sector Assessment Program...