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Appendix I Status of MTN Agreements1

Appendix I Status of MTN Agreements1 »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Agreement Accepted by Signed, Subject to Ratificati...

Appendix II GATT Classifications

Appendix II GATT Classifications »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Classification of Countries and Regions Following the definitions used in the GATT publication, International Trade, 1979/80, the trading world is divided into:...

Appendix III Data on Antidumping, Safeguards, and Similar Actions

Appendix III Data on Antidumping, Safeguards, and Similar Actions »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Table 7. United States: Antidumping, Countervailing Duties, and Escape Clause Actions During 1978–80 1...

Appendix IV Data on Sectoral Trade

Appendix IV Data on Sectoral Trade »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Table 11. Electronic Products: Japanese Exports of Color Television Sets, 1978–80 (In thousands of units)...

Appendix V Data on Developing Countries’ Trade

Appendix V Data on Developing Countries’ Trade »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Table 32. Non-Oil Exporting Developing Countries: Shares in World Imports by Commodity Groups, 1973–79 1...

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions

CHAPTER 6. Conclusions »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Over the past decades, African countries have set ambitious goals for their regional trade arrangements, but the results have so far fallen short of expectations. Most African RTAs started with a low level o...

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements

CHAPTER 3. Effects of African Trade Arrangements »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Have RTAs Helped Increase Intraregional Trade? Time-series data show that the impact of the RTAs on intra-African trade seems to have been small or insignificant. As a share of th...

CHAPTER 1. Introduction

CHAPTER 1. Introduction »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

Africa is home to some 30 regional trade arrangements (RTAs), many of which are part of deeper regional integration schemes. 1 On average, each African country belongs to four RTA...

CHAPTER 4. Policy Implications

CHAPTER 4. Policy Implications »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

The generally disappointing record of African RTAs warrants a reexamination of the underlying assumptions. Is the record disappointing because no preconditions were established to make the RTAs beneficial, d...

CHAPTER 2. Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

CHAPTER 2. Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa »

Source: Regional Trade Arrangements in Africa

Series: IMF Special Issues

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 September 2005

ISBN: 9781589064393

Keywords: Trade, Trade policy, trade liberalization, intraregional trade, regional integration, trade barriers, regional trade

A. Global Background RTAs have been proliferating exponentially throughout the world. Nearly all countries now participate in at least one RTA, and approximately 300 RTAs, both bilat...