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Appendices

Appendices »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

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Appendix 3 Assessinǵ Fiscal Sustainability Risks: Derivinǵ a Fiscal Sustainability Risk Map

Appendix 3 Assessinǵ Fiscal Sustainability Risks: Derivinǵ a Fiscal Sustainability Risk Map »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

Assessing a country’s susceptibility to fiscal sustainability risks requires tracking a number of internal and external factors. The methodology elaborated in this appendix presents...

Appendix 5 Containing Tax Expenditures

Appendix 5 Containing Tax Expenditures »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

Rolling back tax expenditures can make a critical contribution to meeting the needs for fiscal consolidation in many countries while also improving the efficiency and fairness of th...

Appendix 2 Fiscal Transparency Under Pressure

Appendix 2 Fiscal Transparency Under Pressure »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

As governments seek to cut their debts and deficits in coming years, they may be tempted to supplement genuine fiscal adjustment with accounting stratagems. This happened during ear...

APPENDIX 1 Tacklinǵ the Challenǵe of Health Care Reform in Advanced Economies

APPENDIX 1 Tacklinǵ the Challenǵe of Health Care Reform in Advanced Economies »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

This appendix (drawing from IMF, 2010a) discusses approaches to contain “excess cost growth”: the rise in public health spending over GDP in excess of what is due to population agin...

Appendix 4 What Failed and What Worked in Past Attempts at Fiscal Adjustment

Appendix 4 What Failed and What Worked in Past Attempts at Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

A systematic and comprehensive analysis of past adjustment plans and their outcomes provides useful insights for fiscal consolidation going forward: although today’s circumstances m...

Chapter 4 Assessing and Mitigating Fiscal Sustainability Risks

Chapter 4 Assessing and Mitigating Fiscal Sustainability Risks »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

At a Glance This section summarizes risks to fiscal sustainability and discusses policy options to address them. The analysis draws on earlier chapters, complemented...

Chapter 1 Fiscal Deficits and Debts: Developments and Outlook

Chapter 1 Fiscal Deficits and Debts: Developments and Outlook »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

At a Glance Fiscal deficits started to decline across all income groups in 2010, although mostly as a result of the improved macroeconomic environment. In 2011, fisca...

Chapter 3 Shocks to the Baseline Fiscal Outlook

Chapter 3 Shocks to the Baseline Fiscal Outlook »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

At a Glance Deviations from the baseline fiscal outlook presented in Chapters 1 and 2 may occur as a result of macroeconomic, financial sector, and policy implementat...

Chapter 2 Sovereign Financing and Government Debt Markets

Chapter 2 Sovereign Financing and Government Debt Markets »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, April 2011 : Shifting Gears - Tackling Challenges on the Road to Fiscal Adjustment

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2011

ISBN: 9781616351403

Keywords: debt, tax, emerging economies, interest, advanced economies

At a Glance Advanced economy financing needs will remain high, as increased rollover requirements offset lower deficits. By contrast, financing needs in emerging econ...