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Central Bank Collateral Frameworks

Central Bank Collateral Frameworks »

Source: Central Bank Collateral Frameworks : Principles and Policies

Volume/Issue: 2008/222

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rebecca McCaughrin , Simon Gray , and Alexandre Chailloux

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870800

Keywords: Adverse selection, collateral, financial market crises, risk mitigation, credit, repo, pricing, counterparty,

Central bank collateral policies came under pressure with the 2007-08 financial market crisis. This paper addresses the rationale for and constraints in taking collateral, and recent practices in different collater...

The Changing Collateral Space

The Changing Collateral Space »

Source: The Changing Collateral Space

Volume/Issue: 2013/25

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 2013

ISBN: 9781475542356

Keywords: velocity/re-use of collateral, central banks and QE, LCR, CCPs, custodians, CSDs, collateral, bonds, financial markets, derivatives market

This paper highlights the changing collateral landscape and how it may shape the global demand/supply for collateral. We first identify the key collateral pools (relative to the 'old' collateral space) and associat...

Collateral in Loan Classification and Provisioning

Collateral in Loan Classification and Provisioning »

Source: Collateral in Loan Classification and Provisioning

Volume/Issue: 2002/122

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): In Song

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2002

ISBN: 9781451854503

Keywords: Financial Regulation, collateral, banking, General Financial Markets: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions And Services,

Adequate loan classification practices are an essential part of a sound and effective credit risk-management process in a bank. Failure to identify deterioration in credit quality in a timely manner can aggravate a...

Corruption and Military Spending

Corruption and Military Spending »

Source: Corruption and Military Spending

Volume/Issue: 2000/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451844030

Keywords: military spending, panel data, military, arms, military equipment, military procurement

Anecdotal evidence relates corruption with high levels of military spending. This paper tests empirically whether such a relationship exists. The empirical analysis is based on data from four different sources for...

Costly Collateral and the Public Supply of Liquidity

Costly Collateral and the Public Supply of Liquidity »

Source: Costly Collateral and the Public Supply of Liquidity

Volume/Issue: 2000/125

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Philip Schellekens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2000

ISBN: 9781451854817

Keywords: Debt Finance, Collateral, Credit Constraints, Asset Price Volatility, entrepreneur, entrepreneurs

This paper addresses two complications arising from the use of collateral requirements in debt contracts between wealth-constrained entrepreneurs and banks. First, costly asset liquidation is found to enhance the s...

Counterparty Risk, Impacton Collateral Flows and Role for Central Counterparties

Counterparty Risk, Impacton Collateral Flows and Role for Central Counterparties »

Source: Counterparty Risk, Impacton Collateral Flows and Role for Central Counterparties

Volume/Issue: 2009/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Aitken , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2009

ISBN: 9781451873207

Keywords: Counterparty Risk, Large Complex Financial Institutions, OTC derivatives, Collateral Flow, Central Counterparties, collateral, derivative, derivatives market, hedge, financial system,

Counterparty risk in the United States stemming from exposures to OTC derivatives payables (after netting) is now concentrated in five banks?Goldman Sachs, JPMorgan, Bank of America, Morgan Stanley and Citi. This n...

Deleveraging After Lehman

Deleveraging After Lehman »

Source: Deleveraging After Lehman : Evidence From Reduced Rehypothecation

Volume/Issue: 2009/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): James Aitken , and Manmohan Singh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2009

ISBN: 9781451871906

Keywords: Rehypothecation, Lehman&;amp;#x2019;s bankruptcy, Counterparty risk, collateral, hedge, financial system, hedge fund, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions, Corporation and Securities Law

Rehypothecation is the practice that allows collateral posted by, say, a hedge fund to their prime broker to be used again as collateral by that prime broker for its own funding. In the United Kingdom, such use of...

Economic Consequences of Lower Military Spending

Economic Consequences of Lower Military Spending »

Source: Economic Consequences of Lower Military Spending : Some Simulation Results

Volume/Issue: 1993/17

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jerald Schiff , Tamim Bayoumi , and Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451843460

Keywords: military, military expenditures, military spending, expenditures, arms

The IMF MULTIMOD model is used to trace the economic impact of a 20 percent reduction in world military expenditures. GDP falls in the short run, however private consumption and investment rise, leading to an incre...

Emerging Markets Crisis

Emerging Markets Crisis »

Source: Emerging Markets Crisis : An Asset Markets Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1999/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Arvind Krishnamurthy , and Ricardo Caballero

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451855098

Keywords: Capital flows, fire sales, financial constraints, contractual and corporate governance problems, balance sheets, wasted collateral, domestic and foreign spreads, excessive leverage, collateral underprovision, real depreciation

The entire difference between a mild downturn and a devastating crisis is the occurrence of sharp fire sales of domestic assets and possibly foreign exchange and the ensuing collapse in the balance sheets of both t...

Fire Sales and the Financial Accelerator

Fire Sales and the Financial Accelerator »

Source: Fire Sales and the Financial Accelerator

Volume/Issue: 2010/141

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Woon Choi , and David Cook

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2010

ISBN: 9781455201242

Keywords: fire sales, financial accelerator, endogenous recovery rate, financial shock, liquidity spiral, collateral, inflation, monetary policy, inflation targeting, real interest rates

During periods of financial turmoil, increases in risk lead to higher default, foreclosure, and fire sales. This paper introduces a costly liquidation process for foreclosed collateral and endogenous recovery rates...