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CHAPTER 5 Concluding Remarks

CHAPTER 5 Concluding Remarks »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

This paper has laid out the challenges of fiscal adjustment for BLNS countries, in the context of a substantial drop in SACU revenue. The need for fiscal adjustment is sizable, particularly in Lesotho and Sw...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

After one hundred years of existence, the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is facing one of its biggest challenges. Since 2009, the global economic crisis has significantly reduced its revenue outlook,...

CHAPTER 4 Specific Adjustment Strategies for the BLNS Countries

CHAPTER 4 Specific Adjustment Strategies for the BLNS Countries »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

As shown in Chapter 2, the fiscal adjustment needs in BLNS countries are large and range in the order of 2 to 16 percent of GDP. This requires a significant adjustment effort by the authorities over the medi...

CHAPTER 2 The Impact of the Crisis on SACU Revenue and the Need for Fiscal Adjustment

CHAPTER 2 The Impact of the Crisis on SACU Revenue and the Need for Fiscal Adjustment »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

Prior to 2009, all the BLNS countries had several years of strong fiscal performance (Table 1). This was largely underpinned by a vibrant mining sector in the case of Botswana and Namibia and large SACU tran...

CHAPTER 3 Theoretical and Empirical Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment Strategies

CHAPTER 3 Theoretical and Empirical Evidence on Fiscal Adjustment Strategies »

Source: In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

This section considers the optimal pace and composition of fiscal adjustment from three perspectives: (i) international evidence of previous large fiscal adjustments; (ii) cross-country comparisons of the si...

In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis
			: Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland

In the Wake of the Global Economic Crisis : Adjusting to Lower Revenue of the Southern African Customs Union in Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia, and Swaziland »

Volume: 11

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Thomson Fontaine , Dalmacio Benicio , Joannes Mongardini , Genevieve Verdier , and Gonzalo Pastor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462343492.087

ISBN: 9781462343492

Keywords: expenditure, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, government spending, tax increases

The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) is facing its biggest challenge in its 100 years of existence. The global economic crisis has significantly reduced its revenue outlook, which is having a disproportionate...

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , Maximiliano Appendino , Aidyn Bibolov , Armand Fouejieu , Jiawei Li , Anta Ndoye , Alexandra Panagiotakopoulou , Wei Shi , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484383124

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia, Business enterprises, Financial regulation and supervision, Bank credit, Central banks, Financial statistics, Monetary authorities, Small and Medium Enterprises, SME

The importance of financial inclusion is increasingly recognized by policymakers around the world. Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financial inclusion, in particular, is at the core of the economic diversif...

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Source: Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , Maximiliano Appendino , Aidyn Bibolov , Armand Fouejieu , Jiawei Li , Anta Ndoye , Alexandra Panagiotakopoulou , Wei Shi , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 27 February 2019

Language: French

ISBN: 9781484396896

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia, Business enterprises, Small and Medium Enterprises, Financial Inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia

The importance of financial inclusion is increasingly recognized by policymakers around the world. Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financial inclusion, in particular, is at the core of the economic diversif...

The Future of Work in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Future of Work in Sub-Saharan Africa »

Source: The Future of Work in Sub-Saharan Africa

Volume: 18

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Aidar Abdychev , Cristian Alonso , Emre Alper , Dominique Desruelle , Siddharth Kothari , Yun Liu , Mathilde Perinet , Sidra Rehman , Axel Schimmelpfennig , and Preya Sharma

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 December 2018

ISBN: 9781484383094

Keywords: Labor markets, Economic conditions, Economic development, Economic integration, National income, Economic growth, Poverty, Unemployment, Future of Work, Sub-Saharan Africa

Far-reaching changes in technology, climate, and global economic integration are transforming the world of work in ways that we do not yet fully understand. Will the swift technological advances of the Fourth Indus...

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia

Financial Inclusion of Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in the Middle East and Central Asia »

Volume/Issue: 2019/2

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Nicolas Blancher , Maximiliano Appendino , Aidyn Bibolov , Armand Fouejieu , Jiawei Li , Anta Ndoye , Alexandra Panagiotakopoulou , Wei Shi , and Tetyana Sydorenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484383124.087

ISBN: 9781484383124

Keywords: Financial inclusion, Middle East and Central Asia, Business enterprises, Financial regulation and supervision, Bank credit, Central banks, Financial statistics, Monetary authorities, Small and Medium Enterprises, SME

The importance of financial inclusion is increasingly recognized by policymakers around the world. Small and medium-sized enterprise (SME) financial inclusion, in particular, is at the core of the economic diversif...