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Africa in the Doha Round

Africa in the Doha Round »

Source: Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Source: Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Economic Transition and Social Protection

Economic Transition and Social Protection »

Source: Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...

The IMF and Civil Society

The IMF and Civil Society »

Source: The IMF and Civil Society : Striking A Balance

Volume/Issue: 2001/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dawson , and Gita Bhatt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451974485

Keywords: IMF and Civil Society, NGOs, debt relief, poverty reduction, structural adjustment, macroeconomic policies, low-income countries,

In the space of just a few years, the term “civil society” has entered the international policy vocabulary in many contexts. The IMF’s engagement with civil society organizations (CSOs) raises...

Social Protection in Transition Countries
			: Emerging Issues

Social Protection in Transition Countries : Emerging Issues »

Volume/Issue: 1996/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and Ke-young Chu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972535.003

ISBN: 9781451972535

Keywords: Social policy, Tax policy, benefits, payroll, wage, pensions, informal sector

The paper discusses the social protection implications of the weakening financial and administrative capacity of countries undergoing economic transition. The formal sector is shrinking, and unemployment and undere...

Unemployment in Ireland
			: A Survey of Features and Causes

Unemployment in Ireland : A Survey of Features and Causes »

Volume/Issue: 1994/27

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julio Santaella

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451960457.003

ISBN: 9781451960457

Keywords: Ireland, Ireland, Labor policy, unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, unemployment problem, unemployed

This paper examines the problem of unemployment in Ireland. A brief description of the main distinctive features of the structure of Irish unemployment is presented. Based on up to date literature, the possible cau...

Africa in the Doha Round
			: Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond »

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451975796.003

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451974034.003

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Economic Transition and Social Protection
			: Issues and Agenda for Reform

Economic Transition and Social Protection : Issues and Agenda for Reform »

Volume/Issue: 1998/14

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451967760.003

ISBN: 9781451967760

Keywords: Montenegro, Former Soviet Union, Social policy, Subsidies, Transition, Social Protection, health care, social contributions, contribution rates, public spending

This paper briefly describes the factors constraining the social protection policies in the Baltics, Russia, and other countries of the former Soviet Union (BRO). The analysis considers public spending in social pr...

International Trade in Services
			: Implications for the Fund

International Trade in Services : Implications for the Fund »

Volume/Issue: 2003/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Natalia Tamirisa , Alexander Lehmann , and Jaroslaw Wieczorek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972207.003

ISBN: 9781451972207

Keywords: International trade, international services trade, coherence, WTO, trade in services, services trade, services sectors, financial services, international trade in services,

This paper reviews the characteristics of international trade in services and of the World Trade Organization’s General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS) framework, which was established to regulate it....