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Africa in the Doha Round

Africa in the Doha Round »

Source: Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators*

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators* »

Source: A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators

Volume/Issue: 1993/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451972368

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate indicators, effective exchange rates, effective exchange rate

The paper reviews the basis for the use of various popular exchange rate indicators by tracing their conceptual development, the links between these indicators, and how they are measured in actual practice. It also...

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring »

Source: Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring : The Experience of Bulgaria

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Aerdt Houben

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451971941

Keywords: Bulgaria, debt, debt reduction, interest, debt service, external debt

This paper reviews commercial bank debt restructuring based on the recent experience of Bulgaria. While the deal is shown to have generated substantial debt relief at a remarkably low cost, several lessons are draw...

Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings

Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings »

Source: Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings

Volume/Issue: 2005/9

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julie Kozack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451975840

Keywords: Financial crisis, Discount rates, International financial markets, Sovereign debt restructuring, Discount rate, net present value, debt, debt restructuring, debt sustainability, debt service

Assessments regarding the effectiveness of sovereign debt restructurings are often summarized by comparisons of the net present value of debt service before and after the restructuring. These calculations are inher...

Currency Boards

Currency Boards »

Source: Currency Boards : Issues and Experiences

Volume/Issue: 1994/18

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

ISBN: 9781451965056

Keywords: Argentina, Estonia, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, currency board, exchange rate, currency boards, central bank, foreign exchange

This paper discusses some of the issues that concern the operation of currency boards, by comparison to conventional exchange rate pegs, and looks at the experiences of three examples of this type of arrangement: A...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Fiscal Accounting of Bank Restructuring

Fiscal Accounting of Bank Restructuring »

Source: Fiscal Accounting of Bank Restructuring

Volume/Issue: 1997/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Andy Wolfe , Jeffrey Davis , and James Daniel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1997

ISBN: 9781451972573

Keywords: Bank restructuring, Fiscal management, Fiscal, Accounting, Banks, fiscal balance, debt, central bank, interest, financial institutions

Current guidelines and practice for classifying government bank assistance operations inadequately capture in the fiscal balance some of the most common, and important, operations. The shortcomings result from the...

Foreign Direct Investment in China

Foreign Direct Investment in China »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment in China : Some Lessons for Other Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Harm Zebregs , and Wanda Tseng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451974171

Keywords: Foreign direct investment, China, fdi, investment, foreign investors, foreign investment

China's increasing openness to foreign direct investment (FDI) has contributed importantly to its exceptional growth performance. This paper examines China's experience with FDI and identifies some lessons for othe...

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators »

Volume/Issue: 1993/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451972368.003

ISBN: 9781451972368

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate indicators, effective exchange rates, effective exchange rate

The paper reviews the basis for the use of various popular exchange rate indicators by tracing their conceptual development, the links between these indicators, and how they are measured in actual practice. It also...

Currency Boards
			: Issues and Experiences

Currency Boards : Issues and Experiences »

Volume/Issue: 1994/18

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Adam Bennett

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451965056.003

ISBN: 9781451965056

Keywords: Argentina, Estonia, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, currency board, exchange rate, currency boards, central bank, foreign exchange

This paper discusses some of the issues that concern the operation of currency boards, by comparison to conventional exchange rate pegs, and looks at the experiences of three examples of this type of arrangement: A...