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Africa in the Doha Round

Africa in the Doha Round »

Source: Africa in the Doha Round : Dealing with Preference Erosion and Beyond

Volume/Issue: 2005/8

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2005

ISBN: 9781451975796

Keywords: Africa, Multilateral trade negotiations, World Trade Organization, Doha Round, preference erosion, special and differential treatment, market access, export markets, tariff cuts, trade barriers,

Improving market access in industrial countries and retaining preferences have been Africa's two key objectives in the Doha Round trade negotiations. This paper argues that African negotiators may have overlooked t...

Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle

Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle »

Source: Asset Prices, Monetary Policy, and the Business Cycle

Volume/Issue: 1994/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451971927

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, inflationary pressures, price inflation, monetary fund

The business cycle in several industrial countries during the period 1989-1993 was different from previous post World War II business cycles in important ways. This paper describes the unique character of the recen...

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries

Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries »

Source: Banking Reform in the Lower Mekong Countries

Volume/Issue: 2004/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Olaf Unteroberdoerster

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2004

ISBN: 9781451972870

Keywords: Cambodia, Vietnam, Banking reform, transition economics, Lao P.D.R., banking system, recapitalization, transition economies, loan classification, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation

This paper reviews recent banking reform efforts in the lower Mekong countries (LMCs), comprising Cambodia, the Lao People's Democratic Republic, and Vietnam. Linked by close economic and cultural ties, the three L...

Borrowing by Subnational Governments

Borrowing by Subnational Governments »

Source: Borrowing by Subnational Governments : Issues and Selected International Experiences

Volume/Issue: 1996/4

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Teresa Ter-Minassian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

ISBN: 9781451973280

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Capital Flight from Russia

Capital Flight from Russia »

Source: Capital Flight from Russia

Volume/Issue: 2000/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , and Paolo Mauro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451972115

Keywords: Capital outflows, Russian Federation, Transition economies, Russia, capital flight, transition, capital controls, capital account, balance of payments

This paper documents the scale of capital flight from Russia, compares it with that observed in other countries, and reviews policy options. The evidence from other countries suggests that capital flight can be rev...

The Capital Inflows Problem

The Capital Inflows Problem »

Source: The Capital Inflows Problem : Concepts and Issues

Volume/Issue: 1993/10

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Carmen Reinhart , Leonardo Leiderman , and Guillermo Calvo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1993

ISBN: 9781451969931

Keywords: Inflation, capital inflows, exchange rate, real exchange rate, capital inflow, exchange rate appreciation

Since 1990 capital has started to move from industrial countries to developing regions like Latin America, the Middle East and parts of Asia. Reentry into international capital markets is a welcome turn of events f...

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators*

A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators* »

Source: A Cautionary Note on the Use of Exchange Rate Indicators

Volume/Issue: 1993/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Peter Wickham

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451972368

Keywords: exchange rate, exchange rates, exchange rate indicators, effective exchange rates, effective exchange rate

The paper reviews the basis for the use of various popular exchange rate indicators by tracing their conceptual development, the links between these indicators, and how they are measured in actual practice. It also...

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring

Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring »

Source: Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring : The Experience of Bulgaria

Volume/Issue: 1995/6

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Aerdt Houben

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1995

ISBN: 9781451971941

Keywords: Bulgaria, debt, debt reduction, interest, debt service, external debt

This paper reviews commercial bank debt restructuring based on the recent experience of Bulgaria. While the deal is shown to have generated substantial debt relief at a remarkably low cost, several lessons are draw...

Conquering Fear of Floating

Conquering Fear of Floating »

Source: Conquering Fear of Floating : Australia's Successful Adaptation to a Flexible Exchange Rate

Volume/Issue: 2007/2

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Craig Beaumont , and Li Cui

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451975383

Keywords: Australia, Floating exchange rates, Flexible exchange rates, Floating, Flexible, Exchange Rate, Monetary, Fiscal, Structural Reform, Macroeconomic Stability

Australia has enjoyed fifteen years of uninterrupted economic expansion since 1992 despite shocks such as the Asian crisis in 1997-98 and the information technology bust in 2000-01. This resilient economic performa...

Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings

Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings »

Source: Considerations in the Choice of the Appropriate Discount Rate for Evaluating Sovereign Debt Restructurings

Volume/Issue: 2005/9

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Julie Kozack

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2005

ISBN: 9781451975840

Keywords: Financial crisis, Discount rates, International financial markets, Sovereign debt restructuring, Discount rate, net present value, debt, debt restructuring, debt sustainability, debt service

Assessments regarding the effectiveness of sovereign debt restructurings are often summarized by comparisons of the net present value of debt service before and after the restructuring. These calculations are inher...