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Are All Summary Indicators of the Stance of Fiscal Policy Misleading

Are All Summary Indicators of the Stance of Fiscal Policy Misleading »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 36 No. 4

Volume: 36

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451930757

Keywords: fiscal policy, public sector, international monetary fund, net worth, social security

Two recent criticisms of summary fiscal indicators are appraised: first, that they and the conventionally measured public sector balances from which they are derived are not sufficiently broadly defined; second, th...

Are Debt Crises Adequately Defined?

Are Debt Crises Adequately Defined? »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 54, No. 2

Volume: 54

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 2007

ISBN: 9781589066502

Keywords: current account, current account deficit, current account deficits, current account surplus, current account surpluses, Benchmarking (finance), Bond Market, Business Cycles. Econometric Models, Consumption (economics), Default (finance)

Vol. 54, No. 2 includes three notable contributions from the Seventh Jacques Polak Annual Research Conference (ARC) hosted by the IMF in November 2006. Its lead paper, by Olivier Blanchard of Harvard University, is...

Are Exchange Rates Excessively Volatile? And What Does “Excessively Volatile” Mean, Anyway?

Are Exchange Rates Excessively Volatile? And What Does “Excessively Volatile” Mean, Anyway? »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 43 No. 1

Volume: 43

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451957099

Keywords: military spending, military expenditures, capital investment, resource allocation, cold war

This paper extends a standard growth model and obtains consistent panel data estimates of the growth retarding effects of military spending via its adverse impact on capital formation and resource allocation. Simul...

The Art of Making Everybody Happy: How to Prevent a Secession

The Art of Making Everybody Happy: How to Prevent a Secession »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 50, No. 3

Volume: 50

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): Robert Flood

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 November 2003

ISBN: 9781589062030

Keywords: unit root, real exchange rate, confidence intervals, confidence interval, serial correlation

This paper analyzes the issue of purchasing power parity using real effective exchange rate (REER) data for 20 industrial countries in the post-Bretton Woods period. The serial correlation-robust median-unbiased es...

Assessing Buy-Back Benefits: Reply to Snowden

Assessing Buy-Back Benefits: Reply to Snowden »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 36 No. 3

Volume: 36

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451973037

Keywords: inflation, exchange rate, inflation rate, nominal exchange rate, rate of inflation

Although accommodative policies and widespread indexation may account for the persistence of high inflation, they cannot explain changes in the inflation rate. The causes of such changes for the high-inflation epis...

Assessing Eastern Europe’s Capital Needs

Assessing Eastern Europe’s Capital Needs »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 39 No. 4

Volume: 39

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451930825

Keywords: international monetary fund, exchange rate, trade liberalization, external debt, foreign exchange

Common issues emerging from the recent experience with IMF-supported programs in Hungary, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania are analyzed. These comprise the initial price overshooting and output collaps...

Asset Prices and Current Account Fluctuations in G-7 Economies

Asset Prices and Current Account Fluctuations in G-7 Economies »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 56, No. 3

Volume: 56

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2009

ISBN: 9781589068209

Keywords: trade openness, trade liberalization, import duties, transition economies, trade barriers

Studies of the impact of trade openness on growth are based either on crosscountry analysis—which lacks transparency—or case studies—which lack statistical rigor. This paper applies a transpare...

Asymmetric Effects of Economic Activity on Inflation: Evidence and Policy Implications

Asymmetric Effects of Economic Activity on Inflation: Evidence and Policy Implications »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 42 No. 2

Volume: 42

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1995

ISBN: 9781451947205

Keywords: public investment, rate of growth, government spending, fixed effects, random effects

This paper develops an endogenous growth model of the influence of public investment, public transfers, and distortionary taxation on the rate of economic growth. The growth–enhancing effects of investment i...

The Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy on Job Creation and Destructior

The Asymmetric Effects of Monetary Policy on Job Creation and Destructior »

Source: IMF Staff papers : Volume 44 No. 4

Volume: 44

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1997

ISBN: 9781451930962

Keywords: dummy variables, international monetary fund, capital stock, output growth, exchange rate

This paper deals with liberalization and the evolution of output during the transition from plan to market. It explains why strong liberalization leads to a comparatively steep fall in output early in the transitio...

Asymmetry in the U.S. Output-Inflation Nexus

Asymmetry in the U.S. Output-Inflation Nexus »

Source: IMF Staff papers, Volume 43 No. 1

Volume: 43

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451957099

Keywords: military spending, military expenditures, capital investment, resource allocation, cold war

This paper extends a standard growth model and obtains consistent panel data estimates of the growth retarding effects of military spending via its adverse impact on capital formation and resource allocation. Simul...