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2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market

2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market »

Source: Economic Policies and Unemployment Dynamics in Europe

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 1997

ISBN: 9781557755780

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, wage, bargaining

Unemployment IN (WEST) Germany remains low compared with that in other European countries. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, it has risen considerably since the 1970s, because employment growth has failed to keep...

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries: 1980-2025

Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries: 1980-2025 »

Source: Aging, Savings, and Pensions in the Group of Seven Countries : 1980-2025

Volume/Issue: 1989/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1989

ISBN: 9781451924657

Keywords: elderly, private savings, pensions, dependency, pension

In the next 30-40 years, past changes in fertility and mortality will lead to a significant increase in the share of the elderly. This study suggests that these demographic trends may lead to a decline in the G-7 p...

Albania

Albania »

Source: Albania : Income Distribution, Poverty, and Social Safety Nets in the Transition, 1991-1993

Volume/Issue: 1994/123

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1994

ISBN: 9781451854541

Keywords: social assistance, wage, benefits, unemployment, dependents

This paper examines developments in Albania’s income distribution and poverty during the transition to a market-oriented economy. It pays particular attention to the impact of price liberalization on the agr...

Alternative Social Security Systems in CIS Countries

Alternative Social Security Systems in CIS Countries »

Source: Alternative Social Security Systems in CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 1993/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ehtisham Ahmad , and Jean-Luc Schneider

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1993

ISBN: 9781451842470

Keywords: pensions, pension, contribution rates, contribution rate

In the USSR in 1990, social security reforms led to the imposition of a uniform system of benefits in a large and demographically diverse country. This required inter-regional transfers, which are now no longer fea...

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU? »

Source: Are Europe's Social Security Finances Compatible with EMU?

Volume/Issue: 1997/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): George Kopits

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1997

ISBN: 9781451974034

Keywords: European Economic and Monetary Union, Europe, Social security, unemployment, unemployment benefits, survivors ? pensions, payroll tax

Pursuant to the Treaty of Maastricht, members of the European Union (EU) intend to participate in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU), in part through convergence toward specified limits on the overall deficit an...

Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market

Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market »

Source: Aspects of the Swiss Labor Market

Volume/Issue: 1996/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Paula De Masi , and S. Henry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451841855

Keywords: unemployment, unemployment benefits, unemployment rate, employment, unemployed

This paper presents an analysis of the behavior of the Swiss labor market, which emphasizes both changes to labor supply and real wage inflexibility as determinants of recent unusually high levels of unemployment....

Austria

Austria »

Source: Austria : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1996/60

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 1996

ISBN: 9781451802238

Keywords: pension, pensions, pension system, unemployment, retirement

This paper reviews economic developments in Austria during 1995-96. A review of developments and short-term prospects for the domestic economy, the public finances, monetary and exchange rate policy, and the balanc...

Austria

Austria »

Source: Austria : Recent Developments and Issues

Volume/Issue: 1995/62

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 1995

ISBN: 9781451802221

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, unemployment rates, labor force participation

This report describes recent developments and issues in Austria. The report discusses the structural features of the Austrian labor market. Two features-the relative importance of foreign labor supply, and the comp...

Austria

Austria »

Source: Austria : Statistical Annex

Volume/Issue: 1997/65

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 August 1997

ISBN: 9781451802245

Keywords: social security, national accounts, pensions, service pensions, pension

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...