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Accounting for Global Dispersion of Current Accounts*

Accounting for Global Dispersion of Current Accounts* »

Source: Accounting for Global Dispersion of Current Accounts

Volume/Issue: 2009/276

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jaewoo Lee , Yongsung Chang , and Sun-Bin Kim

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2009

ISBN: 9781451874211

Keywords: Distribution of Current Account, Incomplete Markets, Frictions, current accounts, current account imbalances, current account balances, current account deficit,

We undertake a quantitative analysis of the dispersion of current accounts in an open economy version of incomplete insurance model, incorporating important market frictions in trade and financial flows. Calibrated...

2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market

2 Adjustment Dynamics in the German Labor Market »

Source: Economic Policies and Unemployment Dynamics in Europe

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 January 1997

ISBN: 9781557755780

Keywords: unemployment, employment, unemployment rate, wage, bargaining

Unemployment IN (WEST) Germany remains low compared with that in other European countries. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, it has risen considerably since the 1970s, because employment growth has failed to keep...

Adopting Currency Convertibility

Adopting Currency Convertibility »

Source: Adopting Currency Convertibility : Experiences and Monetary Policy Considerations for Advanced Developing Countries

Volume/Issue: 1994/96

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Peter Quirk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1994

ISBN: 9781451950052

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, foreign exchange, domestic credit, capital movements

This paper analyses issues for developing countries with structurally sound balance of payments that are considering a move to full currency convertibility. The main experiences of industrial countries in their dec...

After the Crisis

After the Crisis »

Source: After the Crisis : Assessing the Damage in Italy

Volume/Issue: 2010/244

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Silvia Sgherri , and Hanan Morsy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2010

ISBN: 9781455209446

Keywords: productivity growth, output losses, unemployment, total factor productivity, tfp, employment, real gdp, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Time-Series Models,

Italy's deep-rooted structural problems resulted in an unsatisfactory productivity performance and a dismal growth over the last 15 years. The global financial crisis has exacerbated these long-standing weaknesses,...

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State »

Source: The Aging of the Population and the Size of the Welfare State

Volume/Issue: 2002/68

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Phillip Swagel , Efraim Sadka , and Assaf Razin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2002

ISBN: 9781451849004

Keywords: dependency ratio, labor tax, tax rate, dependency, unemployment, social security, Structure, Scope, and Performance of Government,

Data for the United States and countries in Western Europe indicate a negative correlation between the dependency ratio and both labor tax rates and the generosity of social transfers, after controlling for other f...

Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756206.084

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

This paper discusses a study analyzing aging populations and public pension schemes. An aging society is characterized by a growing proportion of the retired to the active working population. The study examines the...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Aging Populations and Public Pension Schemes

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Sheetal Chand , and Albert Jaeger

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 December 1996

ISBN: 9781557756206

Keywords: Aging, pension, public pension, retirement, contribution rates

This paper discusses a study analyzing aging populations and public pension schemes. An aging society is characterized by a growing proportion of the retired to the active working population. The study examines the...

Allowances for Corporate Equity in Practice

Allowances for Corporate Equity in Practice »

Source: Allowances for Corporate Equity in Practice

Volume/Issue: 2006/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451865196

Keywords: allowance for corporate equity, tax reform, corporate income tax, tax system, tax rates, effective tax rates, Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT), Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Ace,

This paper provides an overview of full and partial allowance for corporate equity (ACE) tax systems in practice. In the recent past, ACE systems have been used in Austria, Croatia, and Italy. Brazil still applies...

Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength

Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength »

Source: Ambiguity, Transparency, and Institutional Strength

Volume/Issue: 2004/115

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Erbas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2004

ISBN: 9781451853896

Keywords: risk, Knightian uncertainty, vertical and horizontal integration, institutions, probability, probabilities, investors, investment decisions, expected value, Analysis of Collective Decision-Making: General

Institutional transparency makes future contingencies more easily predictable for investors. Greater transparency can be achieved through vertical and horizontal integration of policy rules, which may result in low...

An Analysis of the Process of Capital Liberalization in Italy

An Analysis of the Process of Capital Liberalization in Italy »

Source: An Analysis of the Process of Capital Liberalization in Italy

Volume/Issue: 1992/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gordon Bodnar , and Leonardo Bartolini

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1992

ISBN: 9781451844436

Keywords: exchange rate, capital inflows, capital mobility

Beginning in 1985 Italy embarked on a path of progressive removal of its system of controls on portfolio investment, a process formally completed with the abolition of all remaining restrictions in 1990. In this pa...