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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Democracy and Reforms

Democracy and Reforms »

Source: Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe
			: Drivers and Benefits

Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe : Drivers and Benefits »

Volume: 16

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513562513.087

ISBN: 9781513562513

Keywords: Corporate governance, Gender equality, Labor force participation, Labor force policy, Output growth, women, labor force, gender, participation, labor

With an aging population and declining productivity growth, Europe faces serious challenges to raising its output growth. Adding to these challenges are the various gender gaps in the labor market. Despite signific...

3. Do Policies Matter?

3. Do Policies Matter? »

Source: Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe : Drivers and Benefits

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513562513

Keywords: Corporate governance, Gender equality, Labor force participation, Labor force policy, Output growth, women, labor force, gender, participation, labor

In Addition to Individual Choice, Policies Affect Employment Decisions Both individual characteristics and policies likely affect a woman’s decision to work (Figure 6...

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

1. Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, but at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. The external environment has become less supportive, with slow...

Executive Summary

Executive Summary »

Source: Regional Economic Outlook, October 2018, Europe : Domestic Expansion Running into External Turbulence

Series: Regional Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 November 2018

ISBN: 9781484375402

Keywords: Europe, Regional Economic Outlook, economic outlook, financial conditions, fiscal policy, monetary policy, emerging Europe, advanced Europe

Economic activity continued to expand in the first half of 2018, albeit at a slower-than-expected pace, mainly in advanced Europe. Domestic demand, supported by stronger employment...

2. How has Women’s Labor Supply Evolved?

2. How has Women’s Labor Supply Evolved? »

Source: Unlocking Female Employment Potential in Europe : Drivers and Benefits

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Lone Engbo Christiansen , Huidan Lin , Joana Pereira , Petia Topalova , and Rima Turk

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2016

ISBN: 9781513562513

Keywords: Corporate governance, Gender equality, Labor force participation, Labor force policy, Output growth, women, labor force, gender, participation, labor

More Women in the Labor Force During the past few decades, European female labor force participation has increased substantially. From participation rates of at most...

United Kingdom
			: Selected Issues

United Kingdom : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2016/169

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2016

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484395370.002

ISBN: 9781484395370

Keywords: trade, exports, gdp, investment, financial sector

This paper aims to provide European Union (EU), while recognizing that the choice of whether to remain in the EU is for U.K. voters to make and that their decisions will reflect both economic and noneconomic factor...

Democracy and Reforms
			: Evidence from a New Dataset

Democracy and Reforms : Evidence from a New Dataset »

Volume/Issue: 2010/173

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Antonio Spilimbergo , Paola Giuliano , and Prachi Mishra

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2010

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455201846.001

ISBN: 9781455201846

Keywords: institutions, transition, economic liberalization, correlation, statistical significance, neighboring countries, trade reforms, statistics, Comparative Studies of Countries, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance

Empirical evidence on the relationship between democracy and economic reforms is limited to few reforms, countries, and years. This paper studies the impact of democracy on the adoption of economic reforms using a...

Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective
			: Are they Really That Bad?

Oil Shocks in a Global Perspective : Are they Really That Bad? »

Volume/Issue: 2011/194

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tobias Rasmussen , and Agustin Roitman

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781462305254.001

ISBN: 9781462305254

Keywords: Oil importing economies, Oil shock episodes, Emerging and developing countries, Recycling of petrodollars, oil exporters, oil shock, oil importers, oil imports, International Economics: General, International Finance: General

Using a comprehensive global dataset, we outline stylized facts characterizing relationships between crude oil prices and macroeconomic developments across the world. Approaching the data from several angles, we fi...