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Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025 »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9780939934683.084

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: Aging and Social Expenditure in the Major Industrial Countries, 1980-2025

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Edgardo Ruggiero , Peter Heller , Menachem Katz , Robert Feldman , Richard Hemming , Peter Kohnert , Ziba Farhadian , Donogh McDonald , Ahsan Mansur , and Bernard Nivollet

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934683

Keywords: expenditure, pension, social expenditure, pensions, unemployment

Most of the seven major industrial countries are now experiencing significant changes in their demographic structure. A persistent pattern of declining fertility and improving life expectancy has created major segm...

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders

Banks and Labor as Stakeholders »

Source: Banks and Labor as Stakeholders : Impact on Economic Performance

Volume/Issue: 2008/229

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenichi Ueda , and Stijn Claessens

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870879

Keywords: stakeholders, shareholders&;amp;#x2019; maximization, financial liberalization, employment protection, employment, shareholders,

Traditionally, the impacts of the rights of financial institutions and workers on corporate performance have been analyzed independently. Yet, theory clearly indicates that the combination of relative powers of dif...

9 Case Studies of Four Large Economies

9 Case Studies of Four Large Economies »

Source: Wage Determination and Incomes Policy in Open Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): Anne Braun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934751

Keywords: wage, inflation, wages, wage increases, wage bargaining

Chapters 9 and 10 consist of case studies and some general conclusions on labor market organization and incomes policies since the 1960s in the United Kingdom, Japan, the Federal Republic of Ger...

10 Case Studies of Three Small Economies

10 Case Studies of Three Small Economies »

Source: Wage Determination and Incomes Policy in Open Economies

Series: Books

Author(s): Anne Braun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934751

Keywords: wage, inflation, wages, wage increases, wage bargaining

Strongly institutionalized incomes policies have been a persistent feature of economic management in Austria, the Netherlands, and Norway, 1 contributing to the achievement of rea...

Comparative Advantage, Exchange Rates, and G-7 Sectoral Trade Balances

Comparative Advantage, Exchange Rates, and G-7 Sectoral Trade Balances »

Source: Comparative Advantage, Exchange Rates, and G-7 Sectoral Trade Balances

Volume/Issue: 1994/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Stephen Golub

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1994

ISBN: 9781451842111

Keywords: labor cost, labor costs, trade patterns, net exports, trade flows

This paper uses a Ricardian framework to clarify the role of microeconomic and macroeconomic factors governing the time series and cross-section behavior of sectoral trade balances. Unit labor costs and trade balan...

Deindustrialization
			: Its Causes and Implications

Deindustrialization : Its Causes and Implications »

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781557756435.051

ISBN: 9781557756435

Keywords: employment, productivity growth, service sector, share of employment, unemployment

Over the past 25 years, the share of employment accouted for bymanufacturing has fallen dramatically in the world's most advanced economies, a phenomenon widely referred to as "deindustrialization."Many see deindus...

Deindustrialization—Its Causes and Implications

Deindustrialization—Its Causes and Implications »

Source: Deindustrialization : Its Causes and Implications

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756435

Keywords: employment, productivity growth, service sector, share of employment, unemployment

During the past 25 years, employment in manufacturing as a share of total employment has fallen dramatically in the world’s most advanced economies, a phenomenon widely referred to as “deindustrialization.”...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Deindustrialization : Its Causes and Implications

Series: Economic Issues

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756435

Keywords: employment, productivity growth, service sector, share of employment, unemployment

Over the past 25 years, the share of employment accouted for bymanufacturing has fallen dramatically in the world's most advanced economies, a phenomenon widely referred to as "deindustrialization."Many see deindus...