Browse

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 35 items :

Clear All
Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance?

Appendix 1: Can a High Share of Domestic Debt Improve Public Debt Tolerance? »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix presents new evidence on the impact of public debt composition on perceived debt tolerance in 60 advanced and emerging economies. Cross-country regressions of international institutional invest...

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30

Appendix 2: Illustrative Pension Simulations for 2010–30 »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

This appendix elaborates on the methodology and assumptions behind the illustrative simulations—reported in the main text—that aim, between 2010 and 2030, to stabilize pension expenditure as a percent of GDP...

Audit Committees in Central Banks

Audit Committees in Central Banks »

Source: Audit Committees in Central Banks

Volume/Issue: 2007/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth Sullivan , Marie-Therese Camilleri , and Tonny Lybek

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866377

Keywords: audit committees, audit committee, internal audit, financial statements, corporate governance,

This paper reviews the tasks and design of audit committees, increasingly recommended as a way to strengthen financial accountability and good central bank governance. It outlines the motivations for the establishm...

The Behavior of Currencies during Risk-off Episodes1

The Behavior of Currencies during Risk-off Episodes1 »

Source: The Behavior of Currencies during Risk-off Episodes

Volume/Issue: 2013/8

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Irineu de Carvalho Filho

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 2013

ISBN: 9781557755308

Keywords: Risk-off episodes, safe haven currencies, exchange rate, currency markets, capital flows, global financial crisis,

Episodes of increased global risk aversion, also known as risk-off episodes, have become more frequent and severe since 2007. During these episodes, currency markets exhibit recurrent patterns, as the Japanese yen,...

Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards

Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards »

Source: Benefits of Compliance with Securities Listing Standards : Evidence From the Depository Receipt Market

Volume/Issue: 2001/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Abdourahmane Sarr

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451850208

Keywords: Standards implementation, foreign equity investment, standards, equity capital, capital markets, access to international capital markets, Foreign Equity Capital,

The paper finds that costs of implementing stringent securities listing standards may exceed benefits. Depository receipts, a growing source of international equity financing, differ in types by the reporting and d...

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Chapter 2: A Daunting Fiscal Challenge

Chapter 2: A Daunting Fiscal Challenge »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

The crisis has resulted in a major increase in fiscal deficits and government debt in advanced economies. Under current projections, which already assume some tightening mainly through the removal of fiscal...

Chapter 3: Fiscal Exit Strategies

Chapter 3: Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

Announcing a credible fiscal exit strategy can help maintain public confidence in fiscal solvency. Loosely speaking, fiscal solvency requires the government to be able to repay its debt obligations using fut...

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 1: Introduction »

Source: Strategies for Fiscal Consolidation in the Post-Crisis World

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Mauricio Villafuerte , Cemile Sancak , Jan Gottschalk , S. M. Ali Abbas , Olivier Basdevant , Ricardo Velloso , Fuad Hasanov , Greetje Everaert , Stephanie Eble , and Junhyung Park

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2010

ISBN: 9781589069374

Keywords: Developed countries, Fiscal consolidation, Emerging markets, Government expenditures, Public debt, government debt, debt ratios, debt ratio, domestic debt

The global economic crisis resulted in the greatest deterioration of fiscal accounts since World War II. In response to the crisis, government budgets provided substantial support for aggregate demand and fo...