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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies

Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies »

Source: Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies

Volume/Issue: 2013/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475516500

Keywords: fiscal adjustments, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, General,

This paper assesses the effects of fiscal consolidations associated with public debt reduction on medium-term output growth during periods of private debt deleveraging. The analysis covers 107 countries and 79 epis...

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter?

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth: Does Speed Matter? »

Source: Fiscal Consolidations and Growth : Does Speed Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2013/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Pennings , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

ISBN: 9781475517866

Keywords: fiscal multipliers, government expenditure, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, General,

Should fiscal consolidations be front-loaded or proceed at a more steady pace, and how does this affect growth? We make an attempt to address this question using a three-step methodology. First, we modify a standar...

Fiscal Policy and Economic Activity During Recessions in Advanced Economies1

Fiscal Policy and Economic Activity During Recessions in Advanced Economies1 »

Source: Fiscal Policy and Economic Activity During Recessions in Advanced Economies

Volume/Issue: 2002/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Axel Schimmelpfennig , Selma Mahfouz , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

ISBN: 9781451851038

Keywords: fiscal response, economic activity, fiscal multipliers, recession, fiscal expansions, fiscal contractions, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

Using data for advanced economies, this paper investigates whether factors identified in the theoretical and empirical literature explain the effectiveness of fiscal policy in responding to recessions. The results...

The Growth of Government and the Reform of the State in Industrial Countries*

The Growth of Government and the Reform of the State in Industrial Countries* »

Source: The Growth of Government and the Reform of the State in Industrial Countries

Volume/Issue: 1995/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludger Schuknecht , and Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451933857

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, public spending, government expenditure, social expenditure

This paper describes the growth of public spending in industrial countries over the past century. It identifies several periods: the periods between 1870 and 1913; the period between the two World Wars; the post Wo...

Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies

Debt Reduction, Fiscal Adjustment, and Growth in Credit-Constrained Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2013/238

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Emanuele Baldacci , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475516500.001

ISBN: 9781475516500

Keywords: fiscal adjustments, fiscal adjustment, spending cuts, General,

This paper assesses the effects of fiscal consolidations associated with public debt reduction on medium-term output growth during periods of private debt deleveraging. The analysis covers 107 countries and 79 epis...

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth
			: Does Speed Matter?

Fiscal Consolidations and Growth : Does Speed Matter? »

Volume/Issue: 2013/230

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Steven Pennings , and Esther Perez Ruiz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 November 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475517866.001

ISBN: 9781475517866

Keywords: fiscal multipliers, government expenditure, anticipation effects, government spending, fiscal consolidations, General,

Should fiscal consolidations be front-loaded or proceed at a more steady pace, and how does this affect growth? We make an attempt to address this question using a three-step methodology. First, we modify a standar...

Fiscal Policy and Economic Activity During Recessions in Advanced Economies

Fiscal Policy and Economic Activity During Recessions in Advanced Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2002/87

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Axel Schimmelpfennig , Selma Mahfouz , and Richard Hemming

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451851038.001

ISBN: 9781451851038

Keywords: fiscal response, economic activity, fiscal multipliers, recession, fiscal expansions, fiscal contractions, Studies of Particular Policy Episodes, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General,

Using data for advanced economies, this paper investigates whether factors identified in the theoretical and empirical literature explain the effectiveness of fiscal policy in responding to recessions. The results...

The Growth of Government and the Reform of the State in Industrial Countries

The Growth of Government and the Reform of the State in Industrial Countries »

Volume/Issue: 1995/130

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludger Schuknecht , and Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1995

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451933857.001

ISBN: 9781451933857

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, public spending, government expenditure, social expenditure

This paper describes the growth of public spending in industrial countries over the past century. It identifies several periods: the periods between 1870 and 1913; the period between the two World Wars; the post Wo...

Interest Rates and Government Debt

Interest Rates and Government Debt »

Source: Interest Rates and Government Debt : Are the Linkages Global Rather Than National?

Volume/Issue: 1991/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Lutz , and Vito Tanzi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451842227

Keywords: public debt, government debt, debt ratios, fiscal variables, debt ratio

Given the increasing integration of financial markets, a better understanding of the effects of fiscal deficits and debt on real interest rates might be obtained by taking a global, rather than a national, perspect...