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Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries

Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries »

Source: Aggregation of Economic Indicators Across Countries : Exchange Rate versus PPP Based GDP Weights

Volume/Issue: 1992/36

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Marianne Schulze-Gattas , and Anne Gulde

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1992

ISBN: 9781451845396

Keywords: exchange rate, market exchange rates, market exchange rate

Relative GDP shares are frequently used as weights in aggregations. In order to ensure that these weights reflect countries’ shares in real output, GDP data in national currencies should be converted into a...

The Anatomy of Banking Crises

The Anatomy of Banking Crises »

Source: The Anatomy of Banking Crises

Volume/Issue: 2008/93

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rupa Duttagupta , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2008

ISBN: 9781451869545

Keywords: binary classification tree, exchange rate, banking, banking system, deposit insurance,

This paper uses a Binary Classification Tree (BCT) model to analyze banking crises in 50 emerging market and developing countries during 1990-2005. The BCT identifies key indicators and their threshold values at wh...

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings »

Source: Are Rating Agencies Powerful? An Investigation Into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings

Volume/Issue: 2012/23

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Kiff , Sylwia Nowak , and Liliana Schumacher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2012

ISBN: 9781463931858

Keywords: Sovereign ratings, rating agencies, credit ratings, asian crisis, emerging markets, An Investigation into the Impact and Accuracy of Sovereign Ratings, Financial Institutions and Services: General, Corporate Finance and Governance: Government Policy and Regulation,

We find that Credit Rating Agencies (CRA)'s opinions have an impact in the cost of funding of sovereign issuers and consequently ratings are a concern for financial stability. While ratings produced by the major CR...

16 Argentina

16 Argentina »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Argentina is a large and decentralized country with significant constitutional powers bestowed to the provincial level of government. As defined in Article 1 of its National Constitution, there are three mai...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

8 Australia

8 Australia »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The Australian federation is distinguished by a large vertical imbalance between revenue and expenditure assignments at the national and subnational level. The central government raises about 70 percent of t...

Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets

Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets »

Source: Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets : Determinants and Spillovers

Volume/Issue: 2012/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Reinout De Bock , and Alexander Demyanets

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2012

ISBN: 9781475502237

Keywords: Macro-financial linkages, Nonperforming loans, Exchange rate, Panel regressions, capital inflows, net capital flows, exchange rates, Bank Asset Quality in Emerging Markets, Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy, International Finance: General

This paper assesses the vulnerability of emerging markets and their banks to aggregate shocks. We find significant links between banks' asset quality, credit and macroeconomic aggregates. Lower economic growth, an...

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences

7. Bank-by-Bank Credit Ceilings: Issues and Experiences »

Source: Instruments of Monetary Management : Issues and Country Experiences

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557755988

Keywords: central bank, reserve requirements, credit, foreign exchange, reserve requirement

A number of countries used direct methods of monetary control and, in particular, bank-specific credit ceilings to control monetary and credit aggregates by allocating credit directly among fina...

Bank Credit During the 2008 Financial Crisis

Bank Credit During the 2008 Financial Crisis »

Source: Bank Credit During the 2008 Financial Crisis : A Cross-Country Comparison

Volume/Issue: 2010/47

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ari Aisen , and Michael Franken

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2010

ISBN: 9781451963120

Keywords: credit boom, bust cycles, money market, banking, banking system,

This paper empirically estimates the main determinants of bank credit growth during the 2008 financial crisis. Using a sample covering over 80 countries, this paper finds that larger bank credit booms prior to the...

Banking on the Principles

Banking on the Principles »

Source: Banking on the Principles : Compliance with Basel Core Principles and Bank Soundness

Volume/Issue: 2006/242

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Enrica Detragiache , Thierry Tressel , and Asli Demirgüç-Kunt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2006

ISBN: 9781451865028

Keywords: regulation and supervision, banking, bank ratings, statistics, correlations, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation,

This paper studies whether compliance with the Basel Core Principles for Effective Banking Supervision (BCPs) improves bank soundness. The authors find a significant and positive relationship between bank soundness...