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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Coping with Capital Inflows

Coping with Capital Inflows »

Source: Coping with Capital Inflows : Experiences of Selected European Countries

Volume/Issue: 2007/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Vávra , Inci Ötker , Barry Topf , and Zbigniew Polanski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451867541

Keywords: capital markets integration, policy responses, exchange rate, capital account liberalization, exchange rate flexibility,

This paper reviews the experiences of a number of European countries in coping with capital inflows. It describes the nature of the inflows, their implications for macroeconomic and financial stability, and the pol...

Coping with Capital Inflows
			: Experiences of Selected European Countries

Coping with Capital Inflows : Experiences of Selected European Countries »

Volume/Issue: 2007/190

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Vávra , Inci Ötker , Barry Topf , and Zbigniew Polanski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451867541.001

ISBN: 9781451867541

Keywords: capital markets integration, policy responses, exchange rate, capital account liberalization, exchange rate flexibility,

This paper reviews the experiences of a number of European countries in coping with capital inflows. It describes the nature of the inflows, their implications for macroeconomic and financial stability, and the pol...

In Search of WTO Trade Effects
			: Preferential Trade Agreements Promote Trade Strongly, But Unevenly

In Search of WTO Trade Effects : Preferential Trade Agreements Promote Trade Strongly, But Unevenly »

Volume/Issue: 2009/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Theo Eicher , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451871784.001

ISBN: 9781451871784

Keywords: Preferential Trade Agreements, Multilateral Resistance, Country-Pair Fixed Effects, Omitted Variable Bias, trade creation, trade effects, trade agreements, trade flows, equation,

The literature measuring the impact of Preferential Trade Agreements (PTA) and WTO membership on trade flows has produced remarkably diverse results. Rose's (2004) seminal paper reports a range of specifications th...

Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets

Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets »

Volume/Issue: 2015/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Armand Fouejieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 2015

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781513586267.001

ISBN: 9781513586267

Keywords: Inflation targeting, Exchange rate regime, Non-linearities, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, General, Globalization: General, All Countries,

This paper investigates the effects of the adoption of inflation targeting (IT) on the choice of exchange rate regime in emerging markets (EMs), conditional on certain macroeconomic conditions. Using a large sample...

Military Expenditure
			: Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences

Military Expenditure : Econometric Testing of Economic and Political Influences »

Volume/Issue: 1991/53

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Daniel Hewitt

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1991

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451847291.001

ISBN: 9781451847291

Keywords: military, military expenditures, expenditures, expenditure, military expenditure

Econometric results from an analysis of the determinants of military expenditure in 125 countries during 1972-88 are presented. The dependent variable is the ratio of military expenditure to GDP; included among the...

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark

One Money, One Market-A Revised Benchmark »

Volume/Issue: 2009/186

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Henn , and Theo Eicher

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873337.001

ISBN: 9781451873337

Keywords: Preferencial Trade Agreements, Gravity Equation, Multilateral Resistance, trade effects, equation, trade effect, trade agreements,

The introduction of the euro generated substantial interest in measuring the impact of currency unions (CUs) on trade flows. Rose's (2000) initial estimates suggested a tripling of trade and created a literature in...

Unconventional Central Bank Measures for Emerging Economies

Unconventional Central Bank Measures for Emerging Economies »

Volume/Issue: 2009/226

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Mark Stone , Etienne Yehoue , and Kotaro Ishi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2009

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451873733.001

ISBN: 9781451873733

Keywords: unconventional measures, emerging economies, central bank, central banks, inflation, monetary transmission,

Unconventional central bank measures are playing a key policy role for many advanced economies in the 2007-09 global crisis. Are they playing a similar role for emerging economies? Emerging economies have widely us...

In Search of WTO Trade Effects

In Search of WTO Trade Effects »

Source: In Search of WTO Trade Effects : Preferential Trade Agreements Promote Trade Strongly, But Unevenly

Volume/Issue: 2009/31

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Theo Eicher , and Christian Henn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2009

ISBN: 9781451871784

Keywords: Preferential Trade Agreements, Multilateral Resistance, Country-Pair Fixed Effects, Omitted Variable Bias, trade creation, trade effects, trade agreements, trade flows, equation,

The literature measuring the impact of Preferential Trade Agreements (PTA) and WTO membership on trade flows has produced remarkably diverse results. Rose's (2004) seminal paper reports a range of specifications th...

Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets1

Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets1 »

Source: Inflation Targeting and Exchange Rate Regimes in Emerging Markets

Volume/Issue: 2015/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Armand Fouejieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 October 2015

ISBN: 9781513586267

Keywords: Inflation targeting, Exchange rate regime, Non-linearities, exchange rate, inflation, central bank, General, Globalization: General, All Countries,

This paper investigates the effects of the adoption of inflation targeting (IT) on the choice of exchange rate regime in emerging markets (EMs), conditional on certain macroeconomic conditions. Using a large sample...