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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

An Unbiased Appraisal of Purchasing Power Parity

An Unbiased Appraisal of Purchasing Power Parity »

Volume/Issue: 2001/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451859966.001

ISBN: 9781451859966

Keywords: Median-unbiased estimation, shock persistence, exchange rate, exchange rates, confidence intervals, confidence interval, real exchange rates,

Univariate studies of the hypothesis of unit roots in real exchange rates have yielded consensus point estimates of the half-life of deviations from purchasing power parity of between three to five years. However,...

An Unbiased Appraisal of Purchasing Power Parity

An Unbiased Appraisal of Purchasing Power Parity »

Source: An Unbiased Appraisal of Purchasing Power Parity

Volume/Issue: 2001/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): C. McDermott , and Paul Cashin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2001

ISBN: 9781451859966

Keywords: Median-unbiased estimation, shock persistence, exchange rate, exchange rates, confidence intervals, confidence interval, real exchange rates,

Univariate studies of the hypothesis of unit roots in real exchange rates have yielded consensus point estimates of the half-life of deviations from purchasing power parity of between three to five years. However,...