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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries »

Source: The Effects of European Economic Integration on the Profitability of Industries

Volume/Issue: 1998/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dalia Hakura

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1998

ISBN: 9781451850727

Keywords: Trade Discipline, European Economic Integration, Market Structure, Markups, import penetration, competition, import competition, world price, imperfect competition

This paper examines the effects of intensified international competition on industry profits in six European Union (EU) countries. The paper uses two methods to estimate industry profits. The traditional method use...

Euro Area Policies

Euro Area Policies »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/259

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451813067

Keywords: financial services, securities, stock markets

This Selected Issues paper on Euro Area Policies reviews the integration of Europe's financial markets and the challenges faced by the new European Union member states with respect to euro adoption. Markets in the...

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies: Selected Issues »

Source: Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/259

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2007

ISBN: 9781451813067

Keywords: financial services, securities, stock markets

This Selected Issues paper on Euro Area Policies reviews the integration of Europe's financial markets and the challenges faced by the new European Union member states with respect to euro adoption. Markets in the...

Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows

Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows »

Source: Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows : Evidence From the European Union

Volume/Issue: 1998/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

ISBN: 9781451852950

Keywords: Exchange Rate, Volatility, Bilateral Trade, EMU, exchange rate volatility, exchange rate uncertainty, international trade, trade flows

This paper analyzes the effects of exchange rate volatility on bilateral trade flows. Through use of a gravity model and panel data from western Europe, exchange rate uncertainty is found to have a negative effect...

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth »

Source: Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2012/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

ISBN: 9781475505139

Keywords: Structural Coherence, Structural Change, Factor Endowment, capital intensity, growth rate, tfp, capital stock, Consumption, Saving, Production

This paper studies the linkage between structural coherence and economic growth. Structural coherence is defined as the degree that a country's industrial structure optimally reflects its factor endowment fundament...

Euro Area Policies
			: Selected Issues

Euro Area Policies : Selected Issues »

Volume/Issue: 2007/259

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 31 July 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451813067.002

ISBN: 9781451813067

Keywords: financial services, securities, stock markets

This Selected Issues paper on Euro Area Policies reviews the integration of Europe's financial markets and the challenges faced by the new European Union member states with respect to euro adoption. Markets in the...

Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows
			: Evidence From the European Union

Exchange Rate Fluctuations and Trade Flows : Evidence From the European Union »

Volume/Issue: 1998/107

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giovanni Dell'Ariccia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1998

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451852950.001

ISBN: 9781451852950

Keywords: Exchange Rate, Volatility, Bilateral Trade, EMU, exchange rate volatility, exchange rate uncertainty, international trade, trade flows

This paper analyzes the effects of exchange rate volatility on bilateral trade flows. Through use of a gravity model and panel data from western Europe, exchange rate uncertainty is found to have a negative effect...

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth

Factor Endowment, Structural Coherence, and Economic Growth »

Volume/Issue: 2012/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Natasha Che

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2012

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781475505139.001

ISBN: 9781475505139

Keywords: Structural Coherence, Structural Change, Factor Endowment, capital intensity, growth rate, tfp, capital stock, Consumption, Saving, Production

This paper studies the linkage between structural coherence and economic growth. Structural coherence is defined as the degree that a country's industrial structure optimally reflects its factor endowment fundament...

Real Exchange Rates and the Prices of Nontradable Goods

Real Exchange Rates and the Prices of Nontradable Goods »

Volume/Issue: 1994/19

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. Micossi , and Gian Milesi-Ferretti

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 1994

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451922516.001

ISBN: 9781451922516

Keywords: exchange rate, relative price, real exchange rate, real exchange rates, inflation

This paper attempts to provide a perspective on real exchange rate developments following the inception of the EMS. The focus is on structural determinants of real exchange rates, notably the behavior of tradables...