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The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies

The Challenge of Public Pension Reform in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Frank Eich , Sanjeev Gupta , Alvar Kangur , Baoping Shang , and Mauricio Soto

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 January 2016

Language: Chinese

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9787504979971.084

ISBN: 9787504979971

Keywords: Pension reforms, Developed countries, Emerging markets, Pensions, Government expenditures, Cross country analysis, emerging market economies, retirement, pensions, pension spending

Pension reform is high on the policy agenda of many advanced and emerging market economies. In advanced economies the challenge is generally to contain future increases in public pension spending as the population...

Hierarchy and Authority in a Dynamic Perspective

Hierarchy and Authority in a Dynamic Perspective »

Source: Hierarchy and Authority in a Dynamic Perspective : A Model Applied to Donor Financing of NGO Proposals

Volume/Issue: 2003/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Boriana Yontcheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451857511

Keywords: hierarchies, strategic delegation, development aid, NGOs, dynamic games, principal-agent issues, ngo, paper, nongovernmental organizations, Game Theory and Bargaining Theory: General

This paper presents a dynamic game of strategic delegation between a principal and an agent. The principal can choose between two organizational designs: a traditional hierarchy where she retains authority over the...

Hierarchy and Authority in a Dynamic Perspective
			: A Model Applied to Donor Financing of NGO Proposals

Hierarchy and Authority in a Dynamic Perspective : A Model Applied to Donor Financing of NGO Proposals »

Volume/Issue: 2003/157

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Boriana Yontcheva

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451857511.001

ISBN: 9781451857511

Keywords: hierarchies, strategic delegation, development aid, NGOs, dynamic games, principal-agent issues, ngo, paper, nongovernmental organizations, Game Theory and Bargaining Theory: General

This paper presents a dynamic game of strategic delegation between a principal and an agent. The principal can choose between two organizational designs: a traditional hierarchy where she retains authority over the...

Taxing Immovable Property Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges

Taxing Immovable Property Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges »

Volume/Issue: 2013/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2013

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781484369050.001

ISBN: 9781484369050

Keywords: immovable property tax, recurrent property tax, property taxes, property tax, property taxation, tax revenues, property tax revenues, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue,

The tax on immovable property has been characterized as probably the most unpopular among tax instruments, in part because it is salient and hard to avoid. But economists continue to emphasize the virtues of the pr...

Taxing Immovable Property Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges

Taxing Immovable Property Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges »

Source: Taxing Immovable Property Revenue Potential and Implementation Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2013/129

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484369050

Keywords: immovable property tax, recurrent property tax, property taxes, property tax, property taxation, tax revenues, property tax revenues, State and Local Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue,

The tax on immovable property has been characterized as probably the most unpopular among tax instruments, in part because it is salient and hard to avoid. But economists continue to emphasize the virtues of the pr...